|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Afghanistan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AFN|
|Afghanistan||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||AFN|
|Afghanistan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AFN|
|Afghanistan||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||AFN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 24 July 2020)||
(i) The government has taken steps to replace wheat imports lost due to border closures with purchases from Central Asia; (ii) On 15 July 2020, trade with India through Wagah border post in Pakistan resumed.
|Armenia||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AMD|
|Armenia||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||AMD|
|Armenia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AMD|
|Armenia||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||AMD||KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/armenia-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 14 May 2020)||
14 May 2020, Temporary restrictions on the export of medical masks, gloves and goggles, biohazard suits, medical robes, antiviral medicines, gauze and other medical products.
|Azerbaijan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AZN|
|Azerbaijan||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||AZN|
|Azerbaijan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AZN|
|Azerbaijan||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||AZN||114,147,378||67,145,516||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); The Coronavirus Response Fund. http://covid19fund.gov.az/en/ (accessed 19 April 2020); Eurasianet. https://eurasianet.org/to-fight-coronavirus-azerbaijan-passes-the-hat (accessed 19 April 2020); Coronavirus Response Fund. http://covid19fund.gov.az/en/donation (accessed 23 July 2020).||
(i) March 2020, Establishment of the Coronavirus Response Fund under the Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan of 19 March 2020. The government itself is asking for donations from citizens, organizations, and businesses to help it deal with the disease in Azerbaijan. According to President Ilham Aliyev, the basic goal of the fund is for the people of Azerbaijan to within the limits of their capability, demonstrate their civil solidarity and generosity which are foundations of their society. The fund has raised AZN114 million as of 20 July 2020; (ii) April, The CBA and commercial banks have shifted to a seven-day work week, including to allow individuals and businesses to convert their manat holdings into foreign currency; (iii) 23 April 2020, The CBA also announced that it will extend its guarantees on insurance premiums.
|Georgia||07||07 - Central bank financing government||GEL|
|Georgia||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||GEL|
|Georgia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||GEL|
|Georgia||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||GEL||UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Georgia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20280820.pdf (accessed 8 December 2020)||
(i) June 24, The custom clearance term for vehicles imported before 1 April 2020 was extended to 1 September 2020 for car importers; (ii) From 3 April 2020 to 10 May 2020, Temporary export ban on diagnostic or laboratory reagents on a backing, prepared diagnostic or laboratory reagents whether or not on a backing, etc; (iii) Import ban of live animals from China; (iv) Export ban on masks; (v) VAT exemption for the import of some medical goods.
|Kazakhstan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||KZT|
|Kazakhstan||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||KZT|
|Kazakhstan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||KZT|
|Kazakhstan||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||KZT||OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 21 May 2020). Astana Times. https://astanatimes.com/2020/07/kazakhstan-to-issue-short-term-government-securities-in-region-of-2-43-billion-to-support-economy/ (accessed 17 July 2020)||
(i) Quotas on exports of key food products (wheat and flour) as well as all other restrictions on food product exports will be lifted on 1 June; (ii) July 16, The Kazakh National Bank and the Kazakh Ministry of Finance are planning to issue short-term government securities up to KZT1 trillion on a regular basis until the end of 2020 to maintain economic activity; (iii) Cash withdrawal limits will be temporarily imposed on legal entities starting early June. A pilot biometric information center has been launched to help banks identify customers in order to provide remote banking services;
|Kyrgyz Republic||07||07 - Central bank financing government||KGS|
|Kyrgyz Republic||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||KGS|
|Kyrgyz Republic||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||KGS|
|Kyrgyz Republic||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||KGS||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 13 April 2020). Ministry of Finance. http://www.minfin.gov.kg/ru/novosti/novosti/informatsiya-ob-obsluzhivanii-gosudarstvennogo-dol6829 (accessed 6 September 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: February 2020, The NBKR raised the policy interest rate by 75 basis points to 5% amid global uncertainty and the increase in inflation; (ii) Banks and NBFIs should create a loan loss reserve equal to 100% for the amount of overdue accrued interest payments on loans that have been given the status of non-accrual of interest income when overdue arrears are 270 days or more (from the now 90 days); (iii) As of 5 September 2020, the republican budget received KGS6,300.20 million from the issuance of government securities: (a) KGS991.34 million ST-bills, and (b) KGS5,308.86 million ST-bonds.
|Pakistan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||PKR|
|Pakistan||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||PKR|
|Pakistan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||PKR|
|Pakistan||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||PKR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 May and 24 June 2020); State Bank of Pakistan. https://bit.ly/2NgQfN6 (accessed 18 June 2020).||
(i) Provincial governments have also announced fiscal measures, broadly consisting of cash grants to the low-income households, tax relief and additional health spending that includes increased compensation to healthcare workers. The government of Punjab, announced a tax relief package of PKR18 billion and a cash grants program of PKR10 billion, while the government of Sindh has announced a cash grant and ration distribution program of PKR1.5 billion for the low-income households; (ii) Elimination of the duties on imports of emergency health equipment; (iii) 10 June 2020, The State Bank of Pakistan has announced an elaborate arrangement of teams of focal persons who will be responsible to address isues faced by businesses in availing the financing under the SBP ROZGAR scheme (refinance schemes for payment of wages and salaries to prevent layoffs); (iv) June 2020, Allowing banks to approve an Electronic Import Form (EIF) for the import of equipment donated by international donor agencies and foreign governments.
|Tajikistan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||TJS|
|Tajikistan||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||TJS|
|Tajikistan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||TJS|
|Tajikistan||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||TJS||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 16 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020).||
(i) April 2020, The NBT hiked the policy rate by 50 basis points to 12.75% to contain inflationary pressures; (ii) June 2020, Credit institutions are exempt from paying fees for the settlement system and have been asked to avoid non-essential expenditures.
|Turkmenistan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||TMT|
|Turkmenistan||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||TMT|
|Turkmenistan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||TMT|
|Turkmenistan||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||TMT||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).||
(i) A special regime has been established for the implementation of essential and high-priority imports and projects, which covers foreign currency rationing and transportation arrangements; (ii) The President has approved the list of goods subject to customs duties and the magnitude of such duties. Custom duties on selected goods have been raised to protect domestic suppliers; (iii) 22 May 2020, the president signed a decree on the establishment of the Reserve Currency Fund, with the Central Bank of Turkmenistan as the holder. The Fund will accumulate currency earnings of the ministries, industry departments, their subordinate enterprises, institutions, and all legal entities with public shareholding.
|Uzbekistan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||UZS|
|Uzbekistan||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||UZS|
|Uzbekistan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||UZS|
|Uzbekistan||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||UZS||UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Uzbekistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 6 December 2020)||
(i) No amount/estimate: Export ban on masks and medical suits; (ii) Reduction of import duties on some consumer products such as flour, poultry, dairy, sugar, vegetable oils, and hygiene products.