Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 07 07 - Central bank financing government AFN
Afghanistan 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown AFN
Afghanistan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AFN
Afghanistan 10 10 - No breakdown AFN
Arab Republic of Egypt 07 07 - Central bank financing government EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 10 10 - No breakdown EGP
Argentina 07 07 - Central bank financing government ARS
Argentina 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown ARS
Argentina 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities ARS
Argentina 10 10 - No breakdown ARS 135,620,000,000 2,161,274,900 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 27 April 2020).

(i) Created the Provincial Financial Emergency Program, which allocates ARS120 billion to provincial administrations from the National Treasury Contribution Fund and the Fund Trustee for Provincial Development aimed at sustaining provincial finances and meet the needs caused by the COVID-19 pandemic; (ii) 12 June 2020, ARS120 million to create Trust Fund for Provincial Development, which provides financial assistance for the provinces; (iii) 16 June 2020, ARS13.6 billion, included the provinces of Córdoba, Santa Fe, Misiones and Santa Cruz in the Provincial Financial Emergency Program.

Armenia 07 07 - Central bank financing government AMD
Armenia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown AMD
Armenia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AMD
Armenia 10 10 - No breakdown AMD 245,000,000,000 501,013,646 UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Armenia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

(i) Government assistance package with a headline amount of at least AMD300 billion to mitigate the socio-economic issues related to the pandemic, although this includes a variety of direct spending, state-sponsored loans and increased investment. The key measures include (a) direct labor subsidies to micro enterprises and SMEs that retain their employees and maintain their wage; (b) strategic support to innovative companies, although the details of this last element are not yet final; (ii) 27 March 2020, For Armenia-registered economic entities or individual entrepreneurs with competitive business ideas, 75% of financial resources are provided as interest-free loans with a maturity of eight years and the other 25% are provided as grants.

Australia 07 07 - Central bank financing government AUD 150,000,000,000 93,269,999,936
Australia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown AUD
Australia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AUD 150,000,000,000 93,269,999,936 RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 14 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-17.html (accessed 8 July 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-24.html (accessed 07 October 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-11-03.html (accessed 04 November 2020).

(i) April 2020, The RBA has announced yield targeting on 3-year government bonds at 0.25% through purchases of government bonds in the secondary market. On 5 May 2020, RBA has purchased AUD50 billion of Australia Government securities (AGS) and semis in the secondary market. 5 May, 2 June, 7 July, 1 September, and 6 October 2020, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting. 3 November 2020, RBA announced that it will reduce the 3-year yield target rate from 0.25% to 0.10%; (ii) 3 November 2020, The RBA announced that it intends to purchase AUD100 billion of government bonds issued by the Australian Government as well as by the states and territories over the next six months.

Australia 10 10 - No breakdown AUD
Austria 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
Austria 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
Austria 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Austria 10 10 - No breakdown EUR
Azerbaijan 07 07 - Central bank financing government AZN
Azerbaijan 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown AZN
Azerbaijan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AZN
Azerbaijan 10 10 - No breakdown AZN 1,000,000,000 588,235,294 Caspian News. https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/azerbaijan-takes-measures-to-mitigate-covid-19-impact-on-economy-social-life-2020-4-6-1/ (accessed 15 April 2020).

March 2020, AZN1 billion is part of the announced support amounting to AZN2.5 billion to reduce the negative impact of COVID-19 outbreak on the national economy, the entrepreneurship and banking sectors, as well as for strengthening the social protection of the people.

Bangladesh 07 07 - Central bank financing government BDT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: The Bangladesh Bank has announced that it will buy treasury bonds and bills from banks.

Bangladesh 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown BDT
Bangladesh 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BDT
Bangladesh 10 10 - No breakdown BDT
Belgium 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
Belgium 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
Belgium 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Belgium 10 10 - No breakdown EUR
Bhutan 07 07 - Central bank financing government BTN/INR
Bhutan 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown BTN/INR
Bhutan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BTN/INR
Bhutan 10 10 - No breakdown BTN/INR
Brazil 07 07 - Central bank financing government BRL SPGlobal. https://www.spglobal.com/marketintelligence/en/news-insights/latest-news-headlines/brazil-s-quantitative-easing-program-gets-approval-58531681 (accessed 30 May 2020).

7 May 2020, Brazil's Congress approved a constitutional amendment to enable BCB to implement quantitative easing program.

Brazil 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown BRL