|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Afghanistan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AFN|
|Afghanistan||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||AFN|
|Afghanistan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AFN|
|Afghanistan||09||09 - International Assistance Provided||AFN|
|Afghanistan||09A||09A - Swaps||AFN|
|Afghanistan||09B||09B - International loans/grants||AFN|
|Afghanistan||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||AFN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 24 July 2020)||
(i) The government has taken steps to replace wheat imports lost due to border closures with purchases from Central Asia; (ii) On 15 July 2020, trade with India through Wagah border post in Pakistan resumed.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||09||09 - International Assistance Provided||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||09A||09A - Swaps||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||09B||09B - International loans/grants||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||EGP||11,786,229,548||750,000,000||Central Bank of Egypt. https://www.cbe.org.eg/en/Pages/HighlightsPages/Circular-dated-6-August,-2020-regarding-allowing-banks-to-own-unlimited-shares-in-payment-service-providers-and-payment-sys.aspx (accessed 12 August 2020). Egypt Independent. https://egyptindependent.com/egypt-launches-first-green-bonds-in-middle-east-and-africa-worth-us750-mn/ (accessed 22 October 2020). Financial Regulatory Authority Egypt. http://www.fra.gov.eg/content/efsa_ar/efsa_news/efsa_921.htm (accessed 15 October 2020). World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).||
No amount/estimate: (i) 20 March 2020, The limit for electronic payments via mobile phones has been raised to EGP30,000/day and EGP100,000/month for individuals, and to EGP40,000/day and EGP200,000/per week for corporations; (ii) 29 March 2020, The central bank set a daily limit on all ATM disbursement per card to be EGP5,000, and limits to cash withdrawal and deposits at a bank branch to be EGP10,000 per individual, and EGP50,000 per corporate; (iii) The cost of transactions in the EGX will be reduced from 0.15% to 0.125% and from 0.15% to 0.05% for non-residents and Egyptian residents, respectively, and all spot transactions on EGX will be exempt from stamp duty; (iv) The National Bank of Egypt and Bank Misr announced a one-year deposit program with a 15% interest rate; (v) 6 August 2020, Allowed banks to own unlimited shares in payment service providers and payment systems operators; (vi) 4 October 2020, The Financial Regulatory Authority reduced the fees for examination and study services owed to the authority by 50% for medium and small companies when they apply for the Authority’s approval when taking steps related to the Egyptian stock exchange (such as preparations for an IPO). The change was aimed at incentivizing SMEs to go to the stock exchange for funding; (vii) 20 October 2020, USD750 million in green bonds (first in Middle East and Africa) to finance expenditures related to green projects addressing the impacts of COVID-19 while also taking into account environmental standards.
|Argentina||07||07 - Central bank financing government||ARS|
|Argentina||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||ARS|
|Argentina||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||ARS|
|Argentina||09||09 - International Assistance Provided||ARS|
|Argentina||09A||09A - Swaps||ARS|
|Argentina||09B||09B - International loans/grants||ARS|
|Argentina||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||ARS||Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 9 May 2020, 26 June 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 April 2020). Official Bulletin of Argentina. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/232522/20200724 (accesed 31 July 2020). Official Bulletin of Argentina. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/230897/20200619 (accessed 2 October 2020).||
(i) Capital Flow Management Measures (CFMs) that were already in place since August 2019 have largely protected Argentina so far from the impact of capital outflows; (ii) Adopted anti-price gouging policies, including price controls for food and medical supplies and ringfencing of essential supplies, including certain export restrictions on medical supplies and equipment and centralization of the sale of essential medical supplies.; (iii) 28 April 2020, Ordered that the Common Investment Funds (FCI) in pesos must invest at least 75% of their assets in financial instruments and negotiable securities issued in the Argentine Republic; (iv) Extended deadline of filing financial statements for small and medium-sized corporations; (v) 16 May 2020, extended validity of Maximum Prices until June 20; (vi) 18 May 2020, suspended price increases mobile and fixed telephony, Internet and pay TV services until August 31; June 18, extended until end of the year ; (v) 19 May 2020, set the domestic price of a barrel of oil at USD45 with the objective of reactivating the national hydrocarbon industry, guaranteeing the continuity of jobs and promoting self-sufficiency; (vi) 18 June 2020, extended the suspension of the closure and disabling of bank accounts until December 31, 2020, inclusive; (vii) 23 July 2020, extension of 15 days for presentation and payment of tax returns on earnings and personal and identity assets.
|Armenia||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AMD|
|Armenia||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||AMD|
|Armenia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AMD|
|Armenia||09||09 - International Assistance Provided||AMD|
|Armenia||09A||09A - Swaps||AMD|
|Armenia||09B||09B - International loans/grants||AMD|
|Armenia||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||AMD||KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/armenia-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 14 May 2020)||
14 May 2020, Temporary restrictions on the export of medical masks, gloves and goggles, biohazard suits, medical robes, antiviral medicines, gauze and other medical products.
|Australia||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AUD||150,000,000,000||93,269,999,936|
|Australia||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||AUD|
|Australia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AUD||150,000,000,000||93,269,999,936||RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 14 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-17.html (accessed 8 July 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-24.html (accessed 07 October 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-11-03.html (accessed 04 November 2020).||
(i) April 2020, The RBA has announced yield targeting on 3-year government bonds at 0.25% through purchases of government bonds in the secondary market. On 5 May 2020, RBA has purchased AUD50 billion of Australia Government securities (AGS) and semis in the secondary market. 5 May, 2 June, 7 July, 1 September, and 6 October 2020, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting. 3 November 2020, RBA announced that it will reduce the 3-year yield target rate from 0.25% to 0.10%; (ii) 3 November 2020, The RBA announced that it intends to purchase AUD100 billion of government bonds issued by the Australian Government as well as by the states and territories over the next six months.
|Australia||09||09 - International Assistance Provided||AUD||586,200,000||364,499,160|
|Australia||09A||09A - Swaps||AUD|
|Australia||09B||09B - International loans/grants||AUD||586,200,000||364,499,160||Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). https://www.foreignminister.gov.au/minister/marise-payne/media-release/partnering-our-neighbours-respond-covid-19 (accessed 31 May 2020); DFAT. https://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/pacific/australia-stepping-up-to-address-covid-19-in-the-pacific (accessed 8 December 2020); Department of the Treasury. https://ministers.treasury.gov.au/ministers/josh-frydenberg-2018/media-releases/bilateral-loan-indonesia (accessed 19 November 2020).||
(i) 29 May 2020, The Australian Government’s Partnerships for Recovery policy is redirecting over AUD280 million from the existing development program to minimize the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Pacific and Southeast Asia; (ii) 6 October 2020, The government is establishing a new, temporary AUD304.7 million COVID-19 Response Package over two years, as part of the Pacific Step-up, to help address the economic and social costs of the pandemic in the Pacific and Timor-Leste. The package will include budget support measures to enable Pacific partner governments to maintain essential services, including for the most vulnerable, as well as assistance for Pacific aviation to help maintain air connectivity [update]; (iii) 12 November 2020, The Australian Government will provide an AUD1.5 billion loan to Indonesia, repayable over 15 years. This loan supports the Asian Development Bank-led COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program.
|Australia||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||AUD|
|Austria||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EUR|
|Austria||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||EUR|
|Austria||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|Austria||09||09 - International Assistance Provided||EUR|
|Austria||09A||09A - Swaps||EUR|
|Austria||09B||09B - International loans/grants||EUR|
|Austria||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||EUR||BMF. https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juni/regierungsklausur.html (accessed 17 June 2020). Austrian Financial Market Authority. https://www.fma.gv.at/fma-beendet-die-per-verordnung-erlassenen-einschraenkungen-fuer-leerverkaeufe-in-bestimmten-finanzinstrumenten-die-an-der-wiener-boerse-notieren/ (accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#A (accessed 9 May 2020).||
(i) On 18 March 2020, the Financial Market Authority prohibited short sales for one month following the massive drop in prices on the Vienna Stock Exchange due to betting on covered share price losses and and extended the prohibition to 18 May 2020 on 16 April 2020; (ii) No amount/estimate: 18 May 2020, Ended the restrictions on short sales beginning midnight of the same day; (iii) 16 June 2020, To incentivize companies to buy capital goods, added a degressive depreciation option for an unlimited period, up to 30% of an investment good should be written off in the first year.