Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 07 07 - Central bank financing government AFN
Afghanistan 07A 07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown AFN
Afghanistan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AFN
Afghanistan 09 09 - International Assistance Provided AFN
Afghanistan 09A 09A - Swaps AFN
Afghanistan 09B 09B - International loans/grants AFN
Arab Republic of Egypt 07 07 - Central bank financing government EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 07A 07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 09A 09A - Swaps EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 09B 09B - International loans/grants EGP
Argentina 07 07 - Central bank financing government ARS
Argentina 07A 07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown ARS
Argentina 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities ARS
Argentina 09 09 - International Assistance Provided ARS
Argentina 09A 09A - Swaps ARS
Argentina 09B 09B - International loans/grants ARS
Armenia 07 07 - Central bank financing government AMD
Armenia 07A 07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown AMD
Armenia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AMD
Armenia 09 09 - International Assistance Provided AMD
Armenia 09A 09A - Swaps AMD
Armenia 09B 09B - International loans/grants AMD
Australia 07 07 - Central bank financing government AUD 150,000,000,000 93,269,999,936
Australia 07A 07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown AUD
Australia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AUD 150,000,000,000 93,269,999,936 RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 14 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-17.html (accessed 8 July 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-24.html (accessed 07 October 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-11-03.html (accessed 04 November 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2021/mr-21-01.html (accessed 3 February 2021).

(i) April 2020, The RBA has announced yield targeting on 3-year government bonds at 0.25% through purchases of government bonds in the secondary market. On 5 May 2020, RBA has purchased AUD50 billion of Australia Government securities (AGS) and semis in the secondary market. 5 May, 2 June, 7 July, 1 September, and 6 October 2020, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting. 3 November 2020, RBA announced that it will reduce the 3-year yield target rate from 0.25% to 0.10%. On 2 February 2021, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting at 0.10%; (ii) 3 November 2020, The RBA announced that it intends to purchase AUD100 billion of government bonds issued by the Australian Government as well as by the states and territories when the current bond purchase program is completed in mid April 2021.

Australia 09 09 - International Assistance Provided AUD 586,200,000 364,499,160
Australia 09A 09A - Swaps AUD
Australia 09B 09B - International loans/grants AUD 586,200,000 364,499,160 Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). https://www.foreignminister.gov.au/minister/marise-payne/media-release/partnering-our-neighbours-respond-covid-19 (accessed 31 May 2020); DFAT. https://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/pacific/australia-stepping-up-to-address-covid-19-in-the-pacific (accessed 8 December 2020); Department of the Treasury. https://ministers.treasury.gov.au/ministers/josh-frydenberg-2018/media-releases/bilateral-loan-indonesia (accessed 19 November 2020).

(i) 29 May 2020, The Australian Government’s Partnerships for Recovery policy is redirecting over AUD280 million from the existing development program to minimize the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Pacific and Southeast Asia; (ii) 6 October 2020, The government is establishing a new, temporary AUD304.7 million COVID-19 Response Package over two years, as part of the Pacific Step-up, to help address the economic and social costs of the pandemic in the Pacific and Timor-Leste. The package will include budget support measures to enable Pacific partner governments to maintain essential services, including for the most vulnerable, as well as assistance for Pacific aviation to help maintain air connectivity ; (iii) 12 November 2020, The Australian Government will provide an AUD1.5 billion loan to Indonesia, repayable over 15 years. This loan supports the Asian Development Bank-led COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program.

Austria 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
Austria 07A 07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown EUR
Austria 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Austria 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR
Austria 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
Austria 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Azerbaijan 07 07 - Central bank financing government AZN
Azerbaijan 07A 07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown AZN
Azerbaijan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AZN
Azerbaijan 09 09 - International Assistance Provided AZN 8,500,000 5,000,000
Azerbaijan 09A 09A - Swaps AZN
Azerbaijan 09B 09B - International loans/grants AZN 8,500,000 5,000,000 World Health Organization (WHO). http://www.euro.who.int/en/countries/azerbaijan/news/news/2020/3/azerbaijan-steps-up-covid-19-preparedness-and-readiness-measures,-welcoming-who-mission (accessed 15 April 2020).

March 2020, Azerbaijan is contributing to global efforts to address COVID-19, coordinating with neighboring countries, and has pledged USD5 million to World Health Organization's strategic preparedness and response plan.