Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Bangladesh 07 07 - Central bank financing government BDT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: The Bangladesh Bank has announced that it will buy treasury bonds and bills from banks.

Bangladesh 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown BDT
Bangladesh 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BDT
Bangladesh 08 08 - International Assistance Received BDT 297,301,214,000 3,499,720,000
Bangladesh 08A 08A - Swaps BDT
Bangladesh 08B 08B - International loans/grants BDT 297,301,214,000 3,499,720,000
Bangladesh 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank BDT 75,777,099,000 892,020,000 ADB. Table A1.2: Sovereign Lending and Asian Development Fund Grant Operations (as of 20 June 2020); ADB. Table A1.4: Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund and Technical Assistance (as of 20 June 2020); ADB. Table A1.5: Country Support under TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases (as of 20 June 2020).

(i) March 31, USD1.33 million under the Skills for Employment Investment Program (Tranche 1); (ii) April 30, USD100 million under the COVID-19 Response Emergency Assistance Project; (iii) April, USD240.01 million as a guarantee under the Trade Finance Program (Additional Financing) with USD56.62 million co-financing; (iv) April, USD46.30 million as a loan under Trade Finance Program (Additional Financing) with USD21.87 million co-financing; (v) USD3 million under the TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases; (vi) April 7, USD0.2 million as a technical assistance under the Regional Project Development Support for the South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Operational Plan, 2016–2025; (vii) May 7, USD1 million as technical assistance under COVID-19 under Active Response and Expenditure Support Program; (viii) May 7, USD500 million as COVID-19 pandemic response option (CPRO); (vii) May 20, USD0.17 million technical assistance under Support to address Outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Strengthen Health Systems Preparedness for Communicable Diseases in South Asia.; (viii) June 1, USD0.01 technical assistance under Evidence-Based and Strategic Country Knowledge Support (Additional Financing). [update]

Bangladesh 08B2 08B2 - Other BDT 221,524,115,000 2,607,700,000 The World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/03/world-bank-fast-tracks-100-million-covid-19-coronavirus-support-for-bangladesh (accessed 16 April 2020). USAID. https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (accessed 29 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/05/29/pr20226-bangladesh-imf-exec-board-approves-us-732m-disbursement-to-address-the-covid19-pandemic (accesed 10 June 2020).

(i) April 3, The World Bank approved a fast-track USD100 million financing to help Bangladesh prevent, detect, and respond to the COVID-19 pandemic and strengthen its national systems for public health emergencies. The project is financed from the International Development Association (IDA), the World Bank’s fund for the poorest countries, through the World Bank Group’s COVID-19 Fast Track Facility. The credit has a 30-year maturity, including a five-year grace period. (ii) May, more than USD25.7 million assistance from USAID includes USD10 million for health and IDA humanitarian assistance to help with case-management, surveillance activities, infection prevention and control, risk communication, and water, sanitation, and hygiene programs, and more than USD15.3 million in MRA humanitarian support for vulnerable people during the pandemic, including refugees and host communities; (iii) May 18, USD250 million co-financing from AIIB for ADB's COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program; (iv) May 29, USD732 million approved by IMF Executive Board under the Rapid Credit Facility, USD244 milion, and Rapid Financing Instrument, USD488 million; (v) June 19, USD1 billion provided by WB to create quality jobs and respond to covid-19 pandemic; (vi) June 23, USD500 million provided by WB to help improve road and digital connectivity and logistics in Western Region. [update]

Bhutan 07 07 - Central bank financing government BTN/INR
Bhutan 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown BTN/INR
Bhutan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BTN/INR
Bhutan 08 08 - International Assistance Received BTN/INR 3,433,779,778 46,205,000
Bhutan 08A 08A - Swaps BTN/INR
Bhutan 08B 08B - International loans/grants BTN/INR 3,433,779,778 46,205,000
Bhutan 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank BTN/INR 1,589,623,405 21,390,000 ADB

(i) April, Country Support under TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases (USD1.17 million); (ii) April, Regional Project Development Support for the South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Operational Plan, 2016–2025 (USD0.05 million); (iii) May 4, COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program (USD20 million); (iv) May 20, Support to address Outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Strengthen Health Systems Preparedness for Communicable Diseases in South Asia (USD0.17 million).

Bhutan 08B2 08B2 - Other BTN/INR 1,844,156,372 24,815,000 World Food Programme. https://www.wfp.org/news/wfp-extends-food-security-assistance-royal-government-bhutan-covid-19-response (accessed 13 April 2020); World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/16/world-bank-fast-tracks-5-million-for-bhutans-covid-19-coronavirus-response (accessed 6 May 2020); World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/20/148-million-from-world-bank-to-help-bhutan-manage-climate-and-disasters-risks (accessed 21 May 2020); USAID. https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/may-29-2020-update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (accessed 5 June 2020); UNDP. http://mptf.undp.org/factsheet/fund/COV00 (accessed 5 June 2020); Ministry of Foreign Affairs. https://www.mfa.gov.bt/?p=8043 (accessed 17 June 2020); MFA. https://www.mfa.gov.bt/?p=8066 (accessed 24 June 2020).

(i) World Food Program donated two mobile storage units to help authorities preposition food to meet the needs of half the population for three months. The storage units has a capacity of 500 metric ton each and worth a total of USD45,000 (grant); (ii) April 27, the government and the World Bank signed a fast-track USD5 million COVID-19 project to help Bhutan prevent, detect, and respond to the pandemic and strengthen its public health preparedness (loan); (iii) May 20, The Royal Government of Bhutan and the World Bank signed a USD14.8 million Development Policy Financing with Catastrophe Deferred Drawdown Option (Cat DDO) to help Bhutan undertake a comprehensive set of reforms to manage climate and disasters risks, including disease outbreaks (loan); (iv) May, USAID provided USD1 million in total assistance for COVID-19 response, of which (a) USD500,000 in ESF to support micro, small and medium-sized enterprises to generate income for those affected by COVID-19; (b) USD500,000 in health assistance to strengthen diagnostic laboratory capabilities and clinical case-management, provide virtual training for health care providers and lab personnel, and design and produce risk-communications materials (grant); (v) May 28, United Nations (UN) COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund, a UN inter-agency fund mechanism established by the UN Secretary-General to help support low and middle income program countries to respond to the pandemic and its impacts including an unprecedented socioeconomic shock, has allocated USD300,000 to Bhutan (grant); (vi) June 15, UN in Bhutan committed USD1.17 million to support the Royal Government of Bhutan in addressing issues related to the COVID-19 pandemic. A part of the commitment comes from the Secretary General’s UN COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund, with the aim to support responses to COVID-19 (see item v) and part of it is from the Joint Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Fund, which will cover activities that will accelerate progress toward achieving the SDGs [update]; (vii) June 23, The Government of Japan will provide a grant of JPY300 million (around USD2.8 million) to procure medical equipment to strengthen public health and medical systems in Bhutan [update].

India 07 07 - Central bank financing government INR 100,000,000,000 1,345,601,727
India 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 5 May 2020).

April 20, The RBI increased the limit for ways and means advances for the Central Government (a short-term liquidity facility) for the remaining part of the first half of the FY 2020/21 from INR 1.2 trillion to INR2.0 trillion. The WMA is a temporary liquidity facility offered by the RBI to the government that acts as a credit line that the government may call upon to help them reconcile short-term mismatches in cash flows of their receipts and expenditures.

India 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities INR 100,000,000,000 1,345,601,727 RBI. https://www.rbi.org.in/Scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=49712

April 27: INR100 billion purchase of government securities under Open Market Operations (OMO).

India 08 08 - International Assistance Received INR 356,799,482,551 4,801,100,000
India 08A 08A - Swaps INR
India 08B 08B - International loans/grants INR 356,799,482,551 4,801,100,000
India 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank INR 114,684,751,718 1,543,200,000 ADB Table A1.2 Sovereign Lending and Asian Development Fund Grant Operations (accessed as of 24 June 2020); Table A1.3 Nonsovereign Operations (accessed as of 24 June 2020); ADB Table A1.4 Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund and Technical Assistance, ADB Table A1.5: Country Support under TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases (both accessed as of 29 May 2020).

(i) April 22, USD1 million under the Strengthening Capacity of the National Urban Health Mission (Supplementary); (ii) April 28, USD2 million under the Building Capacity for Improved Implementation of Government’s COVID-19 Response and Pro-Poor Economic Package; (iii) April 28, USD1.5 billion under the COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program; (iv) USD3 million under the TA: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19; (v) May 14, USD0.2 million funding from the ADB and the Republic of Korea e-Asia and Knowledge Partnership Fund under the following project: Strengthening Universal Health Coverage in India: Supporting the Implementation of Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojan; (vi) May 20, USD0.17 million as support to address the outbreak of the Coronavirus disease, and to strengthen the health systems preparedness for South Asia; (v) May 20, USD12.53 million guarantee from the ADB as part of the Microfinance Risk Participation and Guarantee Program, with another USD12.53 million cofinanced by other institutions. As of June 17, this amount has been increased to USD21.83 million each. [update] (vi) June 20, additional USD15 million loan to India for sustaining poultry farmer income and food security. [update]

India 08B2 08B2 - Other INR 242,114,730,833 3,257,900,000 AIIB. https://www.aiib.org/en/news-events/news/2020/AIIB-Approves-USD750-M-Loan-to-India-for-COVID-19-Response.html (accessed 18 June 2020), https://www.aiib.org/en/news-events/news/2020/AIIB-Approves-USD500M-to-Support-Indias-Response-to-COVID-19.html (accessed 14 May 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/about/what-we-do/brief/world-bank-group-operational-response-covid-19-coronavirus-projects-list (accessed 21 May 2020). UNDP. http://mptf.undp.org/factsheet/project/00121712 (accessed 22 May 2020); USAID. https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (accessed 26 May 2020)

(i) April 2, USD1 billion in funding from the World Bank group dedicated towards the country's national health system; (ii) May 8, USD500 million in funding from the Asian Infrastructure and Investment Bank to support India's efforts against the COVID-19 pandemic, mainly by strengthening the country's national health system; (iii) May 14, USD1 billion in support from the World Bank to protect India's poorest sectors from the impacts of COVID-19; (iv) May 20, USD2 million in support from the United Nations Development Group from the UN COVID-19 Response & Recover fund; (v) USD5.9 million in health assistance to help slow down the spread of the pandemic, from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID); (vi) June 17, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) has approved a USD750 million loan to India to assist the government to strengthen its response to the adverse impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on millions of poor and vulnerable households; this is co-financed with the Asian Development Bank. [update]

Maldives 07 07 - Central bank financing government MVR
Maldives 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown MVR
Maldives 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MVR
Maldives 08 08 - International Assistance Received MVR 4,041,598,379 262,971,400
Maldives 08A 08A - Swaps MVR 2,305,344,828 150,000,000 Maldives Monetary Authority. http://www.mma.gov.mv/#/news/PR-MCS-2020-3(english).html (accessed 19 April 2020).

April, Obtained a foreign currency swap facility amounting to USD150 million under the currency swap agreement signed between the MMA and the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

Maldives 08B 08B - International loans/grants MVR 1,736,253,551 112,971,400
Maldives 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank MVR 26,588,310 1,730,000 ADB

(i) March 25, USD0.5 million under the COVID-19 Emergency Response; (ii) April 30, USD0.65 million is the estimated support under the TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases. This increased to USD0.80 million as of June 18 [update]; (iii) May 20, USD0.17 million under the Support to address Outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Strengthen Health Systems Preparedness for Communicable Diseases in South Asia project; and (iv) June 1, USD0.01 million under Evidence-Based and Strategic Country Knowledge Support (Additional Financing).

Maldives 08B2 08B2 - Other MVR 1,709,665,241 111,241,400 World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/02/world-bank-fast-tracks-73-million-covid-19-support-to-maldives (accessed 16 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/04/22/pr20185-maldives-imf-executive-board-approves-disbursement-to-address-covid-19 (1 May 2020); Ministry of Foreign Affairs. https://www.foreign.gov.mv/index.php/en/mediacentre/news/5634-the-government-of-japan-extends-emergency-grant-to-the-maldives-through-unicef-and-the-maldives-red-crescent-in-the-fight-against-covid-19 (accessed 4 May 2020). US Agency for International Development (USAID). https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (26 May 2020). Ministry of Foreign Affairs. https://foreign.gov.mv/index.php/en/mediacentre/news/5654-the-maldives-to-collaborate-with-japan-and-undp-in-covid-19-recovery (accessed 26 May 2020). Maldives Times. https://maldivestimes.com/japan-gives-a-grant-aid-of-mvr-68-7-million-to-the-maldives/ (accessed 26 May 2020); Islamic Development Bank (IsDB). https://www.isdb.org/covid-19-overview (26 May 2020); Embassy of the Maldives. http://maldivesembassy.be/en/the-embassy/about-the-embassy (accessed 9 June 2020); World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/06/09/world-bank-approves-128-million-to-support-workers-in-maldives (accessed 11 June 2020); European Investment Bank. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-149-teameurope-faster-post-covid-19-recovery-of-the-maldives-economy-with-eur20-million-loan-from-the-eib (accessed 18 June 2020); The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/17278 (accessed 18 June 2020).

(i) April 2, The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors approved a USD7.3 million Maldives COVID-19 Emergency Response and Health Systems Preparedness Project to help the country prevent, detect, and respond to the COVID-19 pandemic and strengthen its public health preparedness. In addition, a USD10 million contingency financing, under Disaster Risk Management Development Policy Financing with a Catastrophe Deferred Drawdown Option (CAT DDO), signed in 2019, has also been made available to support Maldives; (ii) April 22, The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund approved the disbursement of SDR21.2 million (about USD28.9 million) to be drawn under the Rapid Credit Facility (RCF) to help cover balance of payments and fiscal needs, stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic; (iii) May 2, the Government of Japan provided an emergency grant of USD356,400 for UNICEF Maldives and USD185,000 for Maldives Red Crescent to assist the Government in its efforts to respond to COVID-19; (iv) May 20, The United States through the US Agency for International Development will provide USD2 million under Economic Support Fund (ESF) as technical assistance to the government to develop effective economic, fiscal, monetary measures in response to the COVID-19 pandemic; (v) May 21, The Government of Japan committed a grant of USD1.4 million to the UNDP Maldives that will support small and medium enterprises (SME’s) affected by COVID-19; (vi) The Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) provided USD20 million under the Emergency Response to COVID-19 Pandemic in Maldives that will strengthen the health system preparedness and response to COVID-19 pandemic by scaling-up one regional health facility capacity for case tracing and infection control and by improving the emergency health care quality, and will support in ensuring that at least 80% of confirmed COVID-19 cases admitted in project targeted ICU are treated as per the approved protocol, and will serve the targeted communities; (vii) June 7, the Government of Japan provides a grant aid of JPY600 million (worth USD5.6 million) to the Maldives. This grant aid will be utilized to procure medical equipment required to strengthen the capacities of health facilities in atolls/islands; (viii) June 9, The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors approved a USD12.8 million COVID-19 Emergency Income Support Project to help Maldives mitigate the economic impact of the COVID-19 crisis on poor and vulnerable workers and their families; and June 15, The European Investment Bank (EIB) has signed a EUR20 million (approximately USD22.7 million) loan with the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Maldives as a part of Team Europe action to help sustain the local economy, protect jobs and support SMEs operating in the tourism and industry sectors in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic [update].

Nepal 07 07 - Central bank financing government NPR
Nepal 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown NPR
Nepal 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities NPR
Nepal 08 08 - International Assistance Received NPR 132,106,491,125 1,159,032,209
Nepal 08A 08A - Swaps NPR
Nepal 08B 08B - International loans/grants NPR 132,106,491,125 1,159,032,209
Nepal 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank NPR 28,930,403,600 253,820,000 ADB

(i) April, USD2.19 million - TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases; (ii) April 7, USD0.06 milllion TASF - Regional Project Development Support for the South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Operational Plan, 2016–2025; (iii) As of June 19, USD0.59 million (Regular OCR) and USD0.02 million (Cofinanced) - Trade Finance Program (Guarantee) [update]; (iv) May 20, USD0.17 million TASF - Regional Support to Address Outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Strengthen Health Systems Preparedness for Communicable Diseases in South Asia; (v) May 26, USD250 million (COL) COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program; (vi) June 1, USD0.01 million TASF - REG: Evidence-Based and Strategic Country Knowledge Support (Additional Financing) [update]; (vii) June 11, USD0.80 million TASF - Portfolio Management and Capacity Development for Enhanced Portfolio Performance (Additional Financing) [update].

Nepal 08B2 08B2 - Other NPR 103,176,087,525 905,212,209 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/COVID-Lending-Tracker (accessed 25 June 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/05/07/pr20209-nepal-imf-executive-board-approves-us-million-disbursement-address-covid-19-pandemic (accessed 7 May 2020); World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/03/world-bank-fast-tracks-29-million-for-nepal-covid-19-coronavirus-response (accessed 1 May 2020); World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/31/world-bank-approves-100-million-credit-to-reform-nepals-electricity-sector-and-boost-recovery-from-covid-19-crisis (accessed 5 June 2020); World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/06/09/new-world-bank-strategic-roads-project-to-aid-economic-recovery-post-covid-19-in-nepal (accessed 11 June 2020); World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/06/24/government-of-nepal-and-world-bank-sign-100-million-credit-agreement-to-reform-nepals-energy-sector-and-boost-recovery-from-covid-19-crisis (accessed 25 June 2020); UNDP. http://mptf.undp.org/factsheet/fund/COV00 (accessed 22 May 2020); USAID. https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/may-29-2020-update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (accessed 1 June 2020).

(i) April 7, The World Bank has approved a fast-track USD29 million COVID-19 Emergency Response and Health Systems Preparedness Project to help Nepal prevent, detect, and respond to the COVID-19 pandemic and strengthen its public health preparedness; (ii) April 14-Oct 13: IMF Catastrophe Containment And Relief Trust-Grant Assistance For Debt Service Relief, SDR2.852 million (SDR0.729/USD); (iii) May 6, The IMF Executive Board approved the disbursement of USD214 million in emergency financing to help Nepal address urgent balance of payments needs created by COVID-19 under the Rapid Credit Facility; (iv) May 21, USD1 million UN COVID-19 Response & Recovery Fund from UNDP; (v) May, USD7.3 million in total assistance from USAID, which includes USD2.5 million in Economic Support Fund to help local governments and disaster-management committees respond to the economic and social impacts of COVID-19, and will provide small grants to the private sector and civisl society organizations to enable economic recovery, mitigate food insecurity, and address the needs of vulnerable populations. It also includes USD4.8 million for health assistance that is helping the Nepalese Government to conduct community-level risk-communications, prepare laboratory systems, activate case-finding and surveillance, support technical experts for response and preparedness, and more; (vi) June 2, The World Bank approved a USD100 million Development Policy Credit (DPC) to continue support to the Nepal Government in improving the financial viability and governance of the electricity sector and recovering from the COVID-19 crisis; (vii) June 10, The World Bank approved a USD450 million project to help Nepal improve its roads and set the course for post-COVID-19 economic recovery through greater cross-border trade, more jobs, especially for women, and better road safety; (viii) June 24, The Government of Nepal and the World Bank Board signed a USD100 million Development Policy Credit (DPC) to improve the financial viability and governance of the energy sector and recover from the COVID-19 crisis [update].

Sri Lanka 07 07 - Central bank financing government LKR
Sri Lanka 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown LKR