Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Australia 07 07 - Central bank financing government AUD 150,000,000,000 93,269,999,936
Australia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown AUD
Australia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AUD 150,000,000,000 93,269,999,936 RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 14 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-17.html (accessed 8 July 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-24.html (accessed 07 October 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-11-03.html (accessed 04 November 2020).

(i) April 2020, The RBA has announced yield targeting on 3-year government bonds at 0.25% through purchases of government bonds in the secondary market. On 5 May 2020, RBA has purchased AUD50 billion of Australia Government securities (AGS) and semis in the secondary market. 5 May, 2 June, 7 July, 1 September, and 6 October 2020, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting. 3 November 2020, RBA announced that it will reduce the 3-year yield target rate from 0.25% to 0.10%; (ii) 3 November 2020, The RBA announced that it intends to purchase AUD100 billion of government bonds issued by the Australian Government as well as by the states and territories over the next six months.

Australia 08 08 - International Assistance Received AUD 96,494,049,600 60,000,000,000
Australia 08A 08A - Swaps AUD 96,494,049,600 60,000,000,000 RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); New York FED. https://apps.newyorkfed.org/markets/autorates/fxswap (accessed 9 July 2020).

20 March 2020, RBA has established a swap line with the United States (US) Federal Reserve for the provision of US dollar liquidity in amounts up to USD60 billion.

Australia 08B 08B - International loans/grants AUD
Australia 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank AUD
Australia 08B2 08B2 - Other AUD
Austria 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
Austria 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
Austria 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Austria 08 08 - International Assistance Received EUR
Austria 08A 08A - Swaps EUR
Austria 08B 08B - International loans/grants EUR
Austria 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank EUR
Austria 08B2 08B2 - Other EUR
Belgium 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
Belgium 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
Belgium 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Belgium 08 08 - International Assistance Received EUR
Belgium 08A 08A - Swaps EUR
Belgium 08B 08B - International loans/grants EUR
Belgium 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank EUR
Belgium 08B2 08B2 - Other EUR European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1496 (accessed 7 September 2020). https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/09/25/covid-19-council-approves-87-4-billion-in-financial-support-for-member-states-under-sure/ (accessed 3 October 2020).

(i) 24 August 2020, The European Commission proposed a EUR7.8 billion loan to be granted on favourable terms from the EU to Belgium via the SURE Program. This is pending final approval by the Council; (ii) As of 25 September 2020, Final approval has been granted by the council.

Canada 07 07 - Central bank financing government CAD 348,918,000,000 250,075,613,689
Canada 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown CAD 115,008,000,000 82,428,238,667

BoC purchases of T-bills were in the primary market as they were auctioned; As of 6 January 2021, current T-bill holdings have increased by CAD27.694 billion since the end of February 2020, with the maximum increase occurring on 29 July 2020 at CAD115.008 billion. [update]

Canada 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities CAD 233,910,000,000 167,647,375,022 Bank of Canada. https://www.bankofcanada.ca/rates/banking-and-financial-statistics/bank-of-canada-assets-and-liabilities-weekly-formerly-b2/ (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) Government of Canada Bond Purchase Program (GBPP): Purchases will begin with a minimum of CAD5 billion per week across the yield curve. The program will be adjusted as conditions warrant but will continue until the economic recovery is well underway; on 28 October 2020, BoC announced purchases would gradually decline to CAD4 billion per week; As of 6 January 2021, the increase in government bonds owned by BoC has risen to CAD230.394 billion since the purchases in response to COVID-19 began, which is also the peak figure [update]; (ii) 3 June 2020, Bank of Canada began purchasing Government of Canada Real Return Bonds; as of 6 January 2021, the purchased amount is CAD3.516 billion, which is also the peak value (pre-COVID BoC did not hold government real return bonds). [update]

Canada 08 08 - International Assistance Received CAD
Canada 08A 08A - Swaps CAD

No amount/estimate: BoC together with central banks from Japan, Euro Area, UK, US, and Switzerland, announced a coordinated central bank action to further enhance the provision of liquidity via the standing US dollar liquidity swap line arrangements; Starting with the Fed's expansion of its central bank swap lines on 2 March 2020, the BoC had not used the swap line to acquire US dollars from the Federal Reserve.

Canada 08B 08B - International loans/grants CAD
Canada 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank CAD
Canada 08B2 08B2 - Other CAD
Denmark 07 07 - Central bank financing government DKK
Denmark 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown DKK
Denmark 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities DKK
Denmark 08 08 - International Assistance Received DKK 349,630,351,082 51,762,371,681
Denmark 08A 08A - Swaps DKK 349,182,041,750 51,696,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020); The Fed. https://apps.newyorkfed.org/markets/autorates/fxswap (accessed 14 May 2020).

The standing swap line with ECB was activated and its size was doubled to EUR24 billion. It will remain in place as long as needed, no information available on usage. In addition, the DN reached an agreement with the Federal Reserve to establish a USD30 billion swap line that will stand for at least 6 months. Amounts outstanding under the Federal Reserve swap line: USD300 million as of 6 August 2020. Peak amount oustanding: USD5.29 billion as of 30 April 2020.

Denmark 08B 08B - International loans/grants DKK 448,309,332 66,371,681
Denmark 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank DKK
Denmark 08B2 08B2 - Other DKK 448,309,332 66,371,681 Nordic Investment Bank. https://www.nib.int/who_we_are/news_and_media/news_press_releases/3536/nib_finances_environmental_projects_and_smes_in_denmark (accessed 8 July 2020)

EUR60 million over a 10-year loan agreement between the Nordic Investment Bank (NIB) and the Danish Ringkjøbing Landbobank (RLB) for onlending to environmental projects and to SMEs in Denmark. This initiative is part of NIB's special support for sustainable business during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Finland 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
Finland 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR