Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 07 07 - Central bank financing government AFN
Afghanistan 07A 07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown AFN
Afghanistan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AFN
Afghanistan 08 08 - International Assistance Received AFN 196,767,024,953 2,500,478,258
Afghanistan 08A 08A - Swaps AFN
Afghanistan 08B 08B - International loans/grants AFN 196,767,024,953 2,500,478,258
Afghanistan 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank AFN 11,329,252,111 143,970,000 ADB Table A1.2: Sovereign Lending and Asian Development Fund Grant Operations, Table A1.4: Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund and Technical Assistance, Table A1.5: Country Support under TA 9550-REG. (all accessed 5 February 2021)

(i) Country Support under TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases - USD3.18 million; (ii) 11 May 2020, USD40 million Emergency Assistance for COVID-19 Pandemic Response; (iii) 3 June 2020, Developing a Disaster Risk Transfer Facility in the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Region (Additional Financing) - USD0.07million; (iv) 13 July 2020, Addressing Health Threats in the Central, West, and East Asia Region - USD0.38 million; (v) 24 July 2020, Due Diligence and Capacity Development of Trade Finance Program Banks - USD0.10 million; (vi) 18 November 2020, Supporting Startup Ecosystem in the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Region to Mitigate Impact of COVID-19 and Support Economic Revival - USD 0.05 million; (vii) 26 November 2020, Addressing Health Threats in the Central, West, and East Asia Region (Additional Financing) - USD0.04 million; (viii) 6 December 2020, COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program - USD100 million; (ix) 22 December 2020, Support to Public Debt Management - USD0.15 million.

Afghanistan 08B2 08B2 - Other AFN 185,437,772,842 2,356,508,258 IMF. https://bit.ly/2Vk0uFb (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/04/29/pr20193-afghanistan-imf-executive-board-approves-disbursement-to-address-the-covid-19; World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/02/world-bank-fast-tracks-100-million-covid-19-support-for-afghanistan (both accessed 1 May 2020). WB. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/07/world-bank-approves-400-million-to-sustain-afghanistans-reform-momentum-mitigate-covid-19-crisis (accessed 14 May 2020). USAID. https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (accessed 1 June 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/07/09/world-bank-200-million-for-afghanistan-to-protect-people-support-businesses-amid-covid-19 (accessed 24 July 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/08/04/afghanistan-new-grants-to-cushion-impact-of-covid-19-on-poor-households-and-protect-food-security (accessed 7 August 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/08/14/pr20282-islamic-republic-of-afghanistan-imf-eaches-a-staff-level-agreement-on-an-ecf-arrangement (accessed 21 August 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/09/28/world-bank-100-million-to-stabilize-afghanistans-financial-sector-and-spur-economic-recovery (accessed 2 October 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/11/06/pr20334-afghanistan-imf-executive-board-approves-a-us-370m-ecf-arrangement-to-support (accessed 12 November 2020). Channel News Asia. https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asia/covid-19-covax-pledged-112-million-vaccines-afghanistan-14045084 (accessed 28 January 2021); World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2021/02/16/new-grant-to-improve-food-security-lessen-drought-and-covid-19-impacts-for-rural-afghans (accessed 22 February 2021)

(i) 14 April 2020 - 13 Oct 2020, IMF Catastrophe Containment And Relief Trust-Grant Assistance For Debt Service Relief, SDR2.4 million (SDR0.729/USD); (ii) 2 April 2020, The World Bank approved a USD100.4 million grant for the Afghanistan COVID-19 Emergency Response and Health Systems Preparedness Project to help Afghanistan take effective action to respond to the threat posed by COVID-19 and strengthen its public health preparedness; (iii) The IMF approved Afghanistan’s request for emergency assistance in the amount of USD220 million under the Rapid Credit Facility; (iv) With the support of the World Bank, other development partners, and humanitarian agencies, the authorities are developing a social relief package-through cash transfers and, if impractical, in kind-to support food security among socially vulnerable households. On April 29, the government started providing free bread to about 2.5 million needy and poor people in Kabul. This amount is also reflected in item (ii) of Measure 5B3; (v) 7 May 2020, USD400 million grant from the World Bank to support the country in managing risks and uncertainties compounded by the COVID-19 crisis; (vi) 26 May 2020, USD20.6 million from USAID, broken down into: (a) USD7.1 million for health and IDA humanitarian assistance, (b) USD3.1 million in MRA humanitarian assistance for Afghan returnees, (c) USD10 million from redirecting existing resources to support Afghanistan's health response, (d) USD500,000 to procure COVID-19 prevention and control supplies for correctional facilities; (vii) 9 July 2020, USD200 million to help Afghanistan mitigate COVID-19 impacts and provide relief to vulnerable people and businesses. USD100 million comes from the International Development Association (IDA), the World Bank Group's fund for the poorest countries, and the balance from the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF), managed by the World Bank on behalf of 34 donors; (viii) 4 August 2020, USD280 million for the COVID-19 Relief Effort for Afghan Communities and Households (REACH) Project, with USD155 million from the IDA, and the balance from the ARTF; (ix) 4 August 2020, USD100 million for the Emergency Agriculture and Food Supply Project (EATS), with USD55 million from the IDA, and the balance from the ARTF; (x) 14 August 2020, IMF staff and the Afghanistan authorities have reached a staff-level agreement on an economic reform program to be supported by a new three-and-half year USD364 million Extended Credit Facility (ECF); (xi) 28 September 2020, USD100 million from the World Bank to stabilize the financial sector and spur economic recovery; (xii) 2 October 2020, USD3.38 million from the 2nd tranche of the Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust; (xiii) 6 November 2020, SDR259.04 million from the IMF under the Extended Credit Facility to support the country's economic reform program as it recovers from the pandemic; (xiv) 26 January 2021, USD112 million from The World Health Organization’s COVAX programme for COVID-19 vaccines to reach 20% of Afghanistan’s population; (xv) 18 February 2021, USD97.5 million from the World Bank to combat the impact of COVID-19 pandemic and droughts. [update]

Arab Republic of Egypt 07 07 - Central bank financing government EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 07A 07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 08 08 - International Assistance Received EGP 221,780,138,737 14,112,664,562
Arab Republic of Egypt 08A 08A - Swaps EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 08B 08B - International loans/grants EGP 221,780,138,737 14,112,664,562
Arab Republic of Egypt 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 08B2 08B2 - Other EGP 221,780,138,737 14,112,664,562 International Committee of the Red Cross. https://www.icrc.org/en/document/egypt-icrc-donates-medical-supplies-protective-gear-health-facilities-north-sinai (accessed 18 February 2021); European Investment Bank. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-409-team-europe-eib-and-banque-misr-work-together-to-support-private-businesses-and-speed-up-the-recovery-of-smes-from-covid-19-in-egypt (accessed 14 January 2021); Egypt Today. https://www.egypttoday.com/Article/1/95353/South-Korea-delivers-medical-supplies-worth-500K-to-support-Egypt (accessed 7 January 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/who-and-uk-commit-1m-to-support-egypt-in-against-covid-19 (accessed 7 January 2020); Arab News. https://www.arabnews.com/node/1776331/business-economy (accessed 14 December 2020); Arab Finance. https://www.arabfinance.com/en/news/details/egypt-economy/528272 (accessed 19 November 2020); Egypt Independent. https://egyptindependent.com/egypt-receives-us9-5-million-grant-from-japan-to-fight-covid-19/ (accessed 22 October 2020). https://www.egyptindependent.com/egypts-sisi-issues-decree-to-approve-2-7-billion-imf-funding-agreement-for-combating-coronavirus-impact/ (accessed 8 October 2020). Daily News Egypt. https://dailynewsegypt.com/2020/09/04/eib-nbe-sign-e-800m-financing-agreement-to-ensure-resilient-post-covid-19-recovery-for-smes/ (accessed 17 September 2020). United Nations Development Programme. https://www.eg.undp.org/content/egypt/en/home/presscenter/pressreleases/2020/government-of-japan-and-undp-commit-to-addressing-socio-economic.html (accessed 27 August 2020). Arab Monetary Fund. https://www.amf.org.ae/en/content/arab-monetary-fund-extends-arab-republic-egypt-new-loan-within-framework-structural (accessed 30 July 2020). African Development Bank Group. https://www.afdb.org/en/news-and-events/press-releases/egypt-african-development-bank-approves-225-million-euros-budget-support-loan-electricity-sector-bolster-economic-resilience-and-sustainability-amid-covid-19-36237 (accessed 19 June 2020), https://www.afdb.org/en/news-and-events/press-releases/egypt-african-development-bank-approves-emergency-relief-aid-tackle-food-insecurity-vulnerable-workers-whose-livelihoods-are-impacted-covid-19-35832 (accessed 28 May 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/17/egypt-world-bank-provides-us-50-million-in-support-of-coronavirus-emergency-response-under-new-fast-track-facility (accessed 21 May 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/06/16/egypt-world-bank-provides-us-400-million-in-support-of-universal-health-insurance-system#:~:text=WASHINGTON%20DC%2C%20June%2016%2C%202020,health%20outcomes%20of%20its%20citizens. (accessed 18 June 2020) https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/02/egypt-world-bank-provides-us79-million-in-support-of-coronavirus-covid-19-emergency-response (accessed 7 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/06/05/pr20236-egypt-imf-reaches-staff-level-agreement-on-12-month-us-billion-stand-by-arrangement (accessed 11 June 2020), https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/06/26/pr20248-egypt-imf-executive-board-approves-12-month-us-5-2billion-stand-by-arrangement (accessed 09 July 2020).

(i) 2 April 2020, USD7.9 million funds from the World Bank through activating the Contingency Emergency Response Component (CERC) under the “Transforming Egypt’s Healthcare System Project”, designated for emergency response activities related to the COVID-19 outbreak in Egypt. This measure is reflected in 5A; (ii) 11 May 2020, USD2.772 billion in emergency support from the International Monetary Fund to address the COVID-19 Pandemic. As of 1 October 2020, the agreement was ratified by the President of Egypt; (iii) 17 May 2020, USD50 million in World Bank aid for Egypt as an emergency response under the new Fast Track COVID-19 Facility; (iv) 27 May 2020, USD0.5 million emergency assistance grant from the African Development Bank Group to Egypt to provide food relief, and to contribute to restoring the livelihood of vulnerable populations severely affected by the pandemic; (v) 5 June 2020, USD5.2 billion Stand-By Arrangement were agreed upon by Egyptian Authorities and the International Monetary Fund, aiming to alleviate the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, helping maintain macroeconomic stability, strengthen the social safety net, and support reforms to spur private-sector-led growth and job creation. On 26 June 2020, this was approved by IMF's Executive Board; (vi) 16 June 2020, USD400 million provided by the World Bank as support for the Universal Health Insurance System, to protect the most vulnerable from high health expenses due to the pandemic; (vii) 17 June 2020, the African Development Bank Group approved a EUR225 million loan to finance Egypt’s Electricity and Green Growth Support Program (EGGSP). The funding will help meet the Government of Egypt’s financing requirements in the light of the COVID-19 pandemic, and support a sound electricity infrastructure base; (viii) 29 July 2020, the Arab Monetary Fund extended a USD639 million credit facility to help the country reform its public finance sector amid the COVID-19 pandemic; (ix) 25 August 2020, USD2.73 million grant from the Government of Japan and UNDP to address the Socio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 in Egypt through human security approach; (x) 3 September 2020, the Finance Ministry announced that Egype signed a USD2 billion conventional and islamic loan with several international and regional banks. This is meant to close the gap in its 2020/2021 budget wrought by the COVID-19 pandemic; (xi) Egypt’s National Bank of Egypt (NBE) and the European Investment Bank (EIB) have signed an agreement worth EUR1.9 billion, where EUR1.1 billion will be provided for the transport sector and EUR800 million for SMEs; (xii) 21 October 2020, USD9.5 million grant from Japan to support the health sector against coronavirus; (xiii) 5 November 2020, USD112.5 million worth of agreements between the US and Egypt amid the pandemic, in various sectors such as health, higher education, and scientific research; (xiv) 12 December 2020, USD96 million support from the EU in two tranches to combat the coronavirus pandemic; (xv) 14 December 2020, the United Kingdom is committing USD1,238,102 through the World Health Organization to strengthen Egypt’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and allow the WHO to provide essential medical supplies and e-training to staff, among others; (xvi) 15 December 2020, South Korea delivers medical supplies worth USD0.5 million to support Egypt's anti-COVID response activities; (xvii) 31 December 2020, the European Investment Bank is providing Banque Misr with a EUR425 million credit line to support Egyptian private small and medium-sized enterprises that have been impacted by the coronavirus pandemic, and boost their ability to lead the economic recovery in the country; (xviii) 16 February 2021, the International Committee of the Red Cross is donating medical supplies, protective gear to health facilities in North Sinai. [update]

Argentina 07 07 - Central bank financing government ARS
Argentina 07A 07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown ARS
Argentina 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities ARS
Argentina 08 08 - International Assistance Received ARS 37,650,000,000 600,000,000
Argentina 08A 08A - Swaps ARS Central Bank of the Republic of Argentina. https://www.bcra.gob.ar/Noticias/nuevo-acuerdo-swap-banco-republica-popular-china.asp (accessed 14 August 2020).

No amount/estimate: 6 August 2020, Signed a currency swap agreements with the Bank of the People's Republic of CHINA (PBC). The new agreements will be valid for 3 years.

Argentina 08B 08B - International loans/grants ARS 37,650,000,000 600,000,000 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 5 May 2020). Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/articles/argentina-moves-closer-to-sovereign-debt-default-amid-coronavirus-crisis-11590160035 (accessed 29 May 2020).

(i) 3 May 2020, instead of defaulting to its creditors, the government proposed a three-year grace period on sovereign debt, a 5.5% reduction in bond principal, and a 62% reduction in interest payments; (ii) 22 May 2020, Argentina went into technical default when the 30-day grace period expired on $500 million interest due on $65 billion owed to private creditors.

Argentina 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank ARS
Argentina 08B2 08B2 - Other ARS 37,650,000,000 600,000,000 World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/03/25/banco-mundial-fortalece-apoyo-a-las-familias-mas-vulnerables-de-argentina (Accesed 27 April 2020). USAID. https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (accessed 29 May 2020).

(i) World Bank Group approved a USD300 million operation to support Argentina’s efforts to strengthen its social protection system and minimize the impact of the crisis on the most vulnerable families through the "Children and Youth Protection Project”; (ii) USD300 million from USAID in new MRA humanitarian assistance will support COVID-19 response efforts for refugees and host communities.

Armenia 07 07 - Central bank financing government AMD
Armenia 07A 07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown AMD
Armenia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AMD
Armenia 08 08 - International Assistance Received AMD 165,338,710,041 338,110,000
Armenia 08A 08A - Swaps AMD
Armenia 08B 08B - International loans/grants AMD 165,338,710,041 338,110,000
Armenia 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank AMD 21,883,136,477 44,750,000 ADB Table A1.3: Nonsovereign Operations, Table A1.5: Country Support under TA 9550-REG. (both accessed 5 February 2021).

(i) 22 March 2020, Country Support under TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases - USD1.8 million; (ii) Nonsovereign Operations: Guarantee under the Trade Finance Program (Additional Financing) - USD14.65 million (with another USD29.47 million co-financed); (iii) Nonsovereign Operations: Loan under the Trade Finance Program (Additional Financing) - USD5.23 million (with another USD5.44 million co-financed); (iv) 28 May 2020, COVID-19 Working Capital Support Project - USD20 million (with another USD25 million co-financed); (v) 1 July 2020, Promoting Digital Finance Solutions for Inclusive Finance among Partner Financial Institutions - USD0.05 million; (vii) 13 July 2020, Addressing Health Threats in the Central, West, and East Asia Region - USD0.13 million; (viii) 24 July 2020, Due Diligence and Capacity Development of Trade Finance Program Banks - USD0.11 million; (ix) 3 August 2020, COVID-19 Emergency Response - USD2 million; (x) 6 August 2020, Distance Education for Resilience Project in Armenia - USD0.75 million; (xi) 26 November 2020, Addressing Health Threats in the Central, West, and East Asia Region (Additional Financing) - USD0.03 million.

Armenia 08B2 08B2 - Other AMD 143,455,573,564 293,360,000 WB. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/03/world-bank-supports-armenia-to-combat-the-human-impact-of-the-covid19-pandemic (accessed 5 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/05/18/pr20219-armenia-imf-execboard-concludes-2ndrev-under-sba-augments-access-address-impact-covid19 (accessed 21 May 2020). Public Radio of Armenia. https://en.armradio.am/2020/08/27/canada-to-provide-260000-in-covid-19-relief-to-armenia/ (accessed 28 July 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2021/02/04/health-care-gets-investment-boost-in-two-regions-of-armenia (accessed 5 February 2021)

(i) April 3, The World Bank allocated USD3 million to address the country’s urgent needs for equipment and supplies needed for the intensive care of people with a confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis; (ii) May 18, USD280 million in total aid immediately available after an augmentation of its Stand-By Arrangement with the IMF; (iii) As of May 26, USD2.7 million to prepare laboratory systems, activate case-finding and event-based surveillance, support technical experts for response and preparedness, bolster risk-communications, and more; (iv) August 27, USD260,000 in COVID-19 relief from Canada; (v) 4 February 2021, USD7.4 million in Additional Financing for the Disease Prevention and Control Project. The project will benefit Armenia’s health system response to COVID-19 and potential future pandemics, including hospitals’ capacity for case management and intensive care.

Australia 07 07 - Central bank financing government AUD 150,000,000,000 93,269,999,936
Australia 07A 07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown AUD
Australia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AUD 150,000,000,000 93,269,999,936 RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 14 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-17.html (accessed 8 July 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-24.html (accessed 07 October 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-11-03.html (accessed 04 November 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2021/mr-21-01.html (accessed 3 February 2021).

(i) April 2020, The RBA has announced yield targeting on 3-year government bonds at 0.25% through purchases of government bonds in the secondary market. On 5 May 2020, RBA has purchased AUD50 billion of Australia Government securities (AGS) and semis in the secondary market. 5 May, 2 June, 7 July, 1 September, and 6 October 2020, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting. 3 November 2020, RBA announced that it will reduce the 3-year yield target rate from 0.25% to 0.10%. On 2 February 2021, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting at 0.10%; (ii) 3 November 2020, The RBA announced that it intends to purchase AUD100 billion of government bonds issued by the Australian Government as well as by the states and territories when the current bond purchase program is completed in mid April 2021.

Australia 08 08 - International Assistance Received AUD 96,494,049,600 60,000,000,000
Australia 08A 08A - Swaps AUD 96,494,049,600 60,000,000,000 RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); New York FED. https://apps.newyorkfed.org/markets/autorates/fxswap (accessed 9 July 2020).

20 March 2020, RBA has established a swap line with the United States (US) Federal Reserve for the provision of US dollar liquidity in amounts up to USD60 billion.

Australia 08B 08B - International loans/grants AUD
Australia 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank AUD
Australia 08B2 08B2 - Other AUD
Austria 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
Austria 07A 07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown EUR