|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Afghanistan||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||AFN||2,300,000,000||29,227,966||UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)||
27 August 2020, AFN2.3 billion in transfers to provinces to finance their COVID-19 responses.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||EGP||1,172,100,000||74,584,921||OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).||
Measure 5C covers the remaining measure amount from the EGP102.18 billion with no breakdown.
|Argentina||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||ARS|
|Armenia||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||AMD|
|Australia||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||AUD|
|Austria||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||EUR|
|Azerbaijan||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||AZN|
|Bangladesh||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||BDT|
|Belgium||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||EUR|
|Bhutan||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||BTN/INR|
|Brazil||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||BRL||338,328,587,273||69,283,938,312||Ministry of Economy https://www.gov.br/economia/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/2020/outubro/impacto-fiscal-das-medidas-de-combate-a-covid-19-atinge-r-615-bilhoes-em-2020 (accessed November 1); Ministry of Economy https://www.gov.br/economia/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/2020/novembro/brasil-esta-em-um-patamar-de-recuperacao-bastante-solido-afirma-secretario-especial-de-fazenda (accessed 25 November)||
(i) 30 October 2020, Ministry of Economy announced that "measures adopted by the federal government to combat the economy and social effects of the crisis generated by COVID-19 reached BRL615 billion of primary impact, with BRL587.5 in new expenses and BRL27.5 billion in reduced revenue"; 24 November 2020, the Ministry of Economy added that BRL321.8 billion of this was emergency aid to the most vulnerable, transfers to states, municipalities and the Federal District equal to BRL60.2 billion, and BRL35.35 billion due to temporary suspension of state and municipal debt payments; The BRL figure for this entry is the net amount of those itemized above from the total BRL615 billion.
|Brunei Darussalam||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||BND|
|Cambodia||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||KHR|
|Canada||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||CAD|
|Cook Islands||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||NZD|
|Denmark||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||DKK|
|European Central Bank||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||EUR|
|European Union||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||EUR||4,800,000,000||5,309,734,513||EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_997 (accessed 12 June 2020); ESF. https://esf.ie/en/covid-19/react-eu/ (accessed 5 September 2020).||
(i) June 2020, EUR4.8 billion (in grants from the amended 2020 annual EU budget) for REACT-EU that will provide additional funding for the most important sectors that will be crucial to lay the basis for a sound recovery. This will involve investment to support job maintenance, including through short-time work schemes and support for the self-employed. The funds can also be used to support job creation and youth employment measures, to health care systems and the provision of working capital and investment support for small and medium-sized enterprises. Such support will be available across economic sectors, including for the much-affected tourism and culture sectors. The additional support will also serve to invest in the European Green Deal and digital transition, as an enhancement to the significant investment in those areas that is already taking place through EU cohesion policy.
|Federated States of Micronesia||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||USD|
|Fiji||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||FJD||1,000,000,000||453,802,868||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 October 2020).||
(i) 26 March 2020, A supplementary budget (FJD1 billion) was announced in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Supplemental expenditures on public health, lump sum payments through the Fiji National Provident Fund (FNPF), tax and tariff reductions, and loan repayment holidays aimed at protecting public health, supporting the economy, and ensuring food security. An Agricultural Response Package to ensure food security has also been announced. It includes the scaling up of the existing Home Gardening program and a new Farm Support Package which aims at boosting the production of short-term crops through seeds and materials distribution.
|Finland||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||EUR|
|France||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||EUR|
|Georgia||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||GEL||45,000,000||14,799,067||UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Georgia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20280820.pdf (accessed 8 December 2020)||
(i) GEL45 million to cover costs of organizing quarantine spaces, as well as sponsoring flights that returned Georgians from different parts of the world.
|Germany||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||EUR|
|Hong Kong, China||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||HKD|
|India||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||INR||5,895,059,263,053||79,324,019,266||ABC News. https://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/india-announces-35-billion-economic-stimulus-package-74165709 (accessed 19 November 2020). Financial Times. https://www.ft.com/content/5734f333-e4d7-4ebf-9de2-220e537da3f0?accessToken=zwAAAXIRWB3Ykc9XNPMz5NdOv9Od4iIOU32j8A.MEQCIE1obkN05q4qkjoiBgF6riG66o6ocs0SQWfl2AsFIikHAiADu_DmNRDP9bo3QfxgYpytmLV8FGnEHOa8g66dgBdahQ&sharetype=gift?token=4a849e3f-c1b7-487d-ba1d-e73f283cd8c8 (accessed 14 May 2020). India Economics Update, Capital Economics. IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 26 November 2020).||
(i) Three measures have already been announced as direct support to income/revenue. The third, which was announced on 13 May 2020, represents USD112.5 billion in fiscal support was announced (which is reflected in 5C), which is part of the USD266 billion support package announced by Prime Minister Modi. Part of this will go towards new measures targeting businesses and expanding support for poor households; (ii) 23 June 2020, the Prime Minister CARES Trust Fund has allocated INR3 billion for both health and nonhealth initiatives; (iii) 12 November 2020, India’s finance minister announced a USD35.14 billion package to stimulate the economy by boosting jobs, consumer demand, manufacturing, agriculture and exports hit by the coronavirus pandemic.
|Indonesia||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||IDR|
|Ireland||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||EUR|
|Islamic Republic of Iran||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||IRR|
|Italy||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||EUR||31,650,000,000||35,011,061,947||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#F (accessed 21 May 2020).||
(i) 13 May 2020, the government announced a further EUR55 billion rescue package of measures. Aside from the measures mentioned above, EUR6.65 billion have no breakdown; (ii) 26 August 2020, Allocated an additional EUR25 billion in fiscal stimulus through the "August" Decree. The funds will support workers, businesses, local authorities, health workers and officials, and will afford general and sectoral measures for the recovery of the Italian economy.
|Japan||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||JPY||249,530,000,000,000||2,325,690,699,687||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020). Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet. https://japan.kantei.go.jp/ongoingtopics/ (accessed 13 April 2020). Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet. https://japan.kantei.go.jp/ongoingtopics/COVID19Response/COVID19April7EEM.pdf (accessed 13 April 2020). Cabinet Public Relations Office. http://japan.kantei.go.jp/98_abe/actions/202005/_00010.html (accessed 22 May 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-japan-stimulus/japan-approves-fresh-1-1-trillion-stimulus-to-combat-pandemic-pain-idUSKBN2323D3; https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-japan-stimulus-fac/factbox-key-spending-in-japans-second-stimulus-package-of-1-1-trillion-idUSKBN2330GG?il=0 (accessed 27 May). The Japan Times. https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/06/12/national/extra-budget-coronavirus/#.XuMz8EUzZPY (accessed 12 June 2020). Nikkei Asia. https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics/Japan-approves-record-1tn-budget-to-cope-with-COVID (accessed 21 December 2020); Kyodo News. https://english.kyodonews.net/news/2021/01/c5e63041eae7-breaking-news-japan-enacts-1918-tril-yen-extra-budget-to-manage-pandemic.html (accessed 5 February 2021).||
(i) 7 April 2020, The Government of Japan adopted the Emergency Economic Package Against COVID-19 of JPY117.1 trillion (21.1% of gross domestic product [GDP]) and subsumed the remaining part of the previously announced packages (the December 2019 stimulus package (passed in January 2020) and the two COVID-19-response packages announced on 13 February and 10 March 2020, respectively). The April 2020 package aims at five objectives: (a) Develop preventive measures against the spread of infection and strengthen treatment capacity (expenditure of 0.5% of GDP); (b) Protect employment and businesses (15.1% of GDP); (c) Regain economic activities after containment (1.6% of GDP); (d) Rebuild a resilient economic structure (3% of GDP); and (e) Enhance readiness for the future (0.3% of GDP; the key measures under the package comprise cash handouts to affected households and firms, and deferral of tax payments and social security contributions); (ii) 14 May 2020, The government announced another set of new measures to be included in the formulation of the second supplementary budget: (a) enhance the Employment Adjustment Subsidies by raising the maximum payment to 15,000 yen per day as a special measure and establish a new scheme that allows employees themselves to directly apply for and receive the money; (b) establish a new assistance scheme to further reduce rents, a fixed cost that is posing a major burden on micro-, small- and medium-sized business operators (SMEs); (c) establish a new mechanism for supporting students, including university students; (d) with government outlays, cover the total expenditure of the comprehensive support subsidy for medical systems and increase the amount significantly; and (e) provide adequate liquidity support for large companies and those relatively smaller ones, in addition to small- and medium-sizes enterprises. We will also implement measures to strengthen financial functions such as increasing the allocation of special lending by the Japan Finance Corporation and crisis response lending by the Development Bank of Japan, as well as strengthen the financial base with capital funds including subordinated loans; (iii) 12 June 2020, Parliament enacted the second supplementary budget worth JPY31.91 trillion which includes financial assistance to medical staff, and small firms and single proprietors. These direct spending measures are part of the JPY117 trillion stimulus package approved by the Cabinet on 27 May 2020 which brings the total amount of stimulus from all economic packages to JPY234 trillion (over 40% of GDP); (iv) 12 December 2020, Prime Minister Suga announced a new USD708 billion economic stimulus package to support the country's economic recovery from COVID-19 and target investments in new growth areas. The package includes JPY40 trillion (USD384.54 billion) in direct fiscal spending: (a) JPY5.9 trillion for virus containment measures; (b) JPY18.4 trillion to support structural changes towards a post-pandemic economy; (c) JPY5.6 trillion for disaster management reduction; (d) JPY5 trillion from FY 2020's reserve funds; and (e) JPY5 trillion from FY 2021's reserve funds (https://bit.ly/3p8FoFT). The government is also compiling a JPY20 trillion third budget package for the current and succeeding fiscal years. 28 January 2021, Japan's parliament enacted a third extra budget for fiscal 2020 totaling JPN19.18 trillion yen to ramp up measures to fight the coronavirus pandemic. The extra budget contains JPN15.43 trillion in newly allocated funds, with the rest carried over from previously approved budgets [update]; (v) 21 December 2020, The Cabinet approved a record JPY106.61 trillion budget for 2021 which will be submitted to Parliament in January 2021.
|Kazakhstan||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||KZT||5,817,100,000,000||14,110,612,492||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020). OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 21 May 2020) KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/kazakhstan-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 21 May 2020)||
(i) The President announced a significant anti-crisis package now totaling KZT5.9 trillion. The anti-crisis package includes cash payments to the unemployed (USD95 per month per person), a 10% increase in pension and social benefits, and additional spending to strengthen the health sector. The amount presented here is net of Measure 5A and item (i) in Measure 5B6.
|Kiribati||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||AUD||32,900,000||21,955,980||Asian Development Bank. https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/622976/pem-july-2020.pdf (accessed 26 July 2020).||
June 2020, The Government of Kiribati mobilized its COVID-19 preparedness and response plan, valued at AUD32.9 million. The bulk of the funding will be for social and financial support (37.2%), health preparedness (36.2%), food security (12.4%), and education (9.2%). The remaining funds will support transportation, public awareness campaign, and small infrastructure works to refurbish isolation centers. Grants and subsidies are expected to be provided to businesses as well as state-owned enterprises to continue basic support services to the public. There will also be grants for unemployed I-Kiribati impacted by COVID-19, including seafarers, fisheries observers, fruit pickers, and casual workers in the construction and tourism industries.
|Kyrgyz Republic||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||KGS||6,121,600,000||82,052,769||Ministry of Finance. http://www.minfin.gov.kg/ru/novosti/novosti/covid-19-menen-krshg-respublikalyk-byudzhetten-38-(accessed 12 July 2020); Ministry of Finance. http://www.minfin.gov.kg/ru/novosti/novosti/covid-19-virusunun-taralyshyn-aldyn-aluuga-respubl (accessed 12 July 2020); Kabar. http://en.kabar.kg/news/kyrgyz-government-allocates-kgs-640-mln-for-possible-second-wave-of-coronavirus/ (accessed 16 September 2020); Ministry of Finance. http://www.minfin.gov.kg/ru/novosti/novosti/informatsiya--o-sredstvakh-vydelyaemykh-dlya-borby (accessed 8 January 2021).||
3 July 2020, KGS3.8 billion is allocated from the republican budget for the expenses related to COVID-19. KGS1.8 billion has been spent since February 2020 for the: (a) payment to health workers, (b) purchase of disinfectants, test kits, and personal protective equipment, (c) purchase of food wheat grain, (d) provision of financial assistance for the travel of students outside the republic, etc. As of 15 September 2020, KGS5.4 billion was allocated from the republican budget, of which KGS5.2 billion was used. Utilization of KGS5.2 billion: (a) KGS2.1 billion for the purchase of medical equipment, PCR, reagents, medical products, PPE, (b) KGS785 million for the compensation of medical workers,(c) KGS452 million for the compensation of employees of law enforcement agencies, (d) KGS454 million for medical makeshift hospitals and meals, (e) KGS200 million for the provision of food for low-income families, (e) KGS221 million for the vaccines against flu and pneumococcus, (f) KGS1.1 billion for the provision of grain and medicines. 12 November 2020, The allocation to prevent and combat coronavirus infection increased to KGS6.1216 billion.
|Lao PDR||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||LAK|
|Luxembourg||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||EUR|
|Malaysia||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||MYR|
|Maldives||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||MVR||2,500,000,000||162,665,470||Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/media/news/mvr-25-million-economic-recovery-plan (accessed 13 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/covid-19 (accessed 26 May 2020); The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18141(accessed 31 July 2020); The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18174 (accessed 31 July 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/public/attachments/DGAClNfov9xk7kSiZjIiKPSCmDN5H4JI04n4MUQe.pdf (accessed 22 January 2021); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/public/attachments/Db28C3UpEU5elhb3SFD8hgP3cYiBbKe2Dn1nVlWL.pdf(accessed 5 February 2021).||
20 March 2020, To minimize the economic impact of the COVID–19 virus, the authorities announced an Economic Recovery Plan of MVR2.5 billion: (i) reduce the recurrent expenditure by MVR1 billion; (ii) increase the amount of funds allocated for the health sector; (iii) subsidize 40% of electricity bills and 30% of water bills in April and May 2020; (iv) provide special allowance to those who lose their jobs due to COVID-19; (v) arrange working capital for businesses through banks; (vi) defer principal and interest amount of loan repayments to Bank of Maldives (BML) by businesses and people who have been negatively impacted of COVID-19. As of 28 January 2021, total spending toward COVID-19 health and social efforts that is part of the Economic Recovery Plan stood at MVR1,467.2 million [update].
|Marshall Islands||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||USD||42,000,000||42,000,000||Ministry of Finance. COVID-19 Finances (accessed 27 May 2020); International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020, 7 August 2020). Office of the President and Cabinet. https://rmigov.info/?p=500 (accessed 3 September 2020).||
April 2020, The government has formulated a Coronavirus Disease Preparedness and Response Plan and is preparing preventive measures amounting to about USD7 million, including construction of quarantine units, purchases of medical equipment, installment of washing stations, and funding for overtime of health workers. 19 May 2020, The cost of the Plan (also being referred to as COVID-19 Pandemic Response Plan) that currently stands at USD37 million now includes education and logistics cluster needs. The funds from the reprogrammed 1st and 2nd quarter unused salaries from the General Fund and the financial assistance from bilateral and multilateral partners have assisted the Government with its preparatory work for the entire Marshall Islands, as well as, provide some economic relief to the private sector most affected by the COVID-19. As of 30 July 2020, The Government has approved a budget of USD42 million for the national preparedness plan in response to the global health pandemic on COVID-19.
|Mexico||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||MXN|
|Mongolia||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||MNT|
|Myanmar||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||MMK|