|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Afghanistan||06||06 - Budget reallocation||AFN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).||
No amount/estimate: The government is working to identify nonessential spending that can be curtailed to create space for pandemic-related spending, including social relief package for the affected households and measures to prevent permanent damage to the Afghan economy.
|Afghanistan||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||AFN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 9 July 2020)||
(i) Screening at ports of entry, quarantine for infected people, and closure of public places for gathering; (ii) Quarantine for infected people; (iii) Closure of public places for gathering; (iv) Social distancing measures, including a three-week lockdown of Kabul (March 28) and Ghazni (April 1) and restricting daily movements to those deemed essentiall (v) Extended the border closures until April 9; (vi) Social distancing measures have included 20 provinces, including Kabul and some other cities, instituting lockdown measures, extended for two weeks on April 12; (vii) Social distancing measures have been extended for 3 weeks on April 17; (viii) Both Houses of Afghanistan’s parliament were put on lockdown on April 29 until end of the national lockdown; (ix) The government also released over 5,300 prisoners to reduce the risk of mass infections in penitentiaries; (x) Schools and universities will remain closed until September; (xi) By end-June, the authorities announced the resumption of domestic and international flights and exports to Europe via the air corridors.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||06||06 - Budget reallocation||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||EGP||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020).||
(i) April 28, A Presidential decree published in the Official Gazette declared the state of emergency across the country for three months; (ii) The authorities have taken a host of precautionary measures to improve testing as well as to limit the community spread of the virus, including (a) setting up testing centers, (b) imposing a nighttime curfew, (c) temporarily closing places of worship, (d) temporarily halting all air travel, (e) encouraging civil servants to work from home in non-essential sectors, (f) closing all malls, gyms, sporting clubs, in-dining restaurants and cafes; (iii) Authorities have also suspended the export of all types of legumes for a period of 3 months and plan to start increasing strategic food reserves to meet domestic deman; (iv) Egypt’s Health Ministry released a 3-stage plan outlining required procedures in preparation for the gradual easing of restrictions within the country; (v) Starting July 2020, there will be a gradual re-opening of the economy – air travel will resume, restaurants and cafes will open with 25 percent capacity, stores will close at 9 pm while restaurants and cafes will close at 10 pm, public parks and beaches will remain closed until further notice, public transportation will operate between 4 am and midnight, places of worship will be open for daily prayers but main prayers like Friday prayers and masses will not be allowed, cinemas, theaters, and entertainment venues will operate with 25 percent capacity; (vi) All parks and specialized gardens around Cairo will open to the public starting on August 26, 2020, with a maximum capacity of 50%. Starting September 21, funeral prayers and wedding ceremonies held in open-air venues have been allowed, for a maximum limit of 300 people. [update]
|Argentina||06||06 - Budget reallocation||ARS|
|Argentina||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||ARS||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 April 2020).||
The country has adopted full closure of borders and a nation-wide quarantine, beginning on March 20 and lasting until at least April 26, including closed borders.
|Armenia||06||06 - Budget reallocation||AMD|
|Armenia||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||AMD||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020). Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/196752/armenia-ends-covid-19-state-of-emergency-keeps-safety-measures-in-place/ (accessed 17 September 2020)||
No amount/estimate: The government declared a national state of emergency on March 16, and imposed strict containment measures, including school closures, travel bans on foreign citizens from high risk countries, and imposed fines to those who violate isolation orders during the state of emergency. As of September 11, this state of emergency has been lifted, with continuing regulations mandating the use of facial coverings in public places, strict enforcement of social distancing and hygiene protocols.
|Australia||06||06 - Budget reallocation||AUD|
|Australia||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||AUD||Department of Health, Australian Government. https://www.health.gov.au/news/health-alerts/novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov-health-alert/government-response-to-the-covid-19-outbreak (accessed on 05 May 2020); Government of Australia COVID19 official website. https://www.australia.gov.au/coronavirus-updates (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/news/state-quarantine-requirements-for-interstate-travel (accessed 22 July 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/news/should-i-wear-a-face-mask-in-public-0 (accessed 30 July 2020).||
March: (i) Travel restrictions, screening travelers who arrive in Australia and ensuring they self-isolate on arrival, continuing with border surveillance; (ii Enforcing social distancing measures, testing people suspected of the disease, and isolating people with the virus and their close contacts; (iii) Increasing of health system capacity; (iv) Delivering support to Australians experiencing domestic, family, and sexual violence due to the fallout of coronavirus; (v) Putting limits on some prescription and over the counter medications, to make sure those who need them can access them; (vi) April 26, The COVIDSafe app is available for voluntary download to speed up contacting people exposed to coronavirus; (vii) May 8, The National Cabinet will consider the first phase of easing COVID-19 restrictions. Some states and territories have begun easing selected regional restrictions; (viii) July 14, State and territory governments have imposed a range of interstate travel restrictions, including the closure of certain state borders and 14-day quarantine period upon arrival of travellers; (ix) July 30, the government published guidance on wearing face masks.
|Austria||06||06 - Budget reallocation||EUR|
|Austria||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||EUR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020).||
(i) The authorities have progressively tightened containment measures between mid-March and mid-April. Initially targeted to travel to and from Italy and self-quarantine for people with symptoms, the measures progressed to bans on large gathering in public spaces, replacing schools, and university classes with home learnings, and isolation of several ski resorts. By March 16, leaving home was banned by law with limited exceptions. For all judicial and administrative procedures, the clock was put on hold to avoid hardship due to missed deadlines. (ii) April 13, gradual re-opening of the economy has started, from small shops, construction and garden centers, while other stores and hairdressers were allowed to open at the beginning of May. By mid-May when religious services, outdoor sports, museums, libraries, and archives reopened, and the Bundesliga was allowed to restart. Open air markets and business premises are exempted from the mandate on mouth and nose protective masks since June 1. The re-opening process is expected to last through June though some steps were accelerated recently due to low infection rates, such as the reopening of the borders with Germany, Switzerland, Lichtenstein, Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary from June 5; (iii) June 15, the standing obligation for all persons to wear a face mask was limited to public transportation, pharmacies and services when a 1-meter distance cannot be maintained, or no other protective measures are available; (iv) June 16, travelling restrictions were lifted for most European countries; (v) July 24, pickup in the infection rate in some areas has prompted the authorities to tighten previously relaxed containment measures such as mandatory mask wearing in some areas. In September, this tightening extended to indoors and public institutions. [update]
|Azerbaijan||06||06 - Budget reallocation||AZN||Cabinet of Ministers. https://cabmin.gov.az/az/article/969/ (accessed 07 August 2020).||
No amount/estimate: August 6, A proposed bill to amend the state budget for 2020 is being discussed in Azerbaijan's National Assembly (Milli Majlis).
|Azerbaijan||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||AZN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); US Embassy in Azerbaijan. https://az.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information-for-azerbaijan/ (accessed 15 July 2020).||
(i) To contain the spread of COVID-19, the authorities have introduced a special quarantine regime (until June 15). It includes border closures, required quarantine of returning citizens, prohibition of mass gatherings, and restriction on domestic movements; (ii) The COVID-19 Operational Headquarters has been created under the Cabinet of Ministers, and working groups within various ministries and the CBA have been tasked with developing specific measures. These restrictions are being slowly relaxed starting May 4; (iii) July, Because of the increasing cases of infections, the government announced the decision to prolong a strict quarantine regime until July 20 and special quarantine regime until August 1 .
|Bangladesh||06||06 - Budget reallocation||BDT|
|Bangladesh||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||BDT||Ministry of Public Administration. https://mopa.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/mopa.gov.bd/notices/8b82fa43_9c1a_4269_bc9f_dcf378e47fdf/admin1-2020-347-r1.PDF (accsessed 29 June 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020).||
(i) March 23, The government declared a general holiday from March 26 to April 4, which has been extended until May 5: government offices, private offices, and courts will be closed, commercial banks will operate shorter hours; (ii) Individuals have been requested not to leave their homes except to collect daily necessities and emergency supplies, and to wear masks when outside; and (iii) A lockdown has been imposed on 75 hotspots in Dhaka where cases have been identified, and a curfew is in operation from 6pm to 6am.
|Belgium||06||06 - Budget reallocation||EUR|
|Belgium||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||EUR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020).||
(i) The minority government-which has been granted enhanced executive powers-has implemented a range of measures to reduce the spread of the coronavirus, including school and retail shop closures, a ban on all gatherings, limiting movement to essential needs, ban of non-essential travel abroad; (ii) The government has announced a phased conditional on health outcomes. On this basis, manufacturing and business services sectors were reopened on May 4, to be followed by shops (May 11 and May 18). Schools will also start to gradually reopen from May 18. The reopening of other sectors and overseas travel will be assessed by June 8, while sporting events remain banned until July 31; (iii) June 11, Hospitality, cultural, and non-contact sports activities (without audience) as well as religious services were allowed to resume as of June 8. Domestic travel restrictions have been lifted; (iv) June 18, travel restrictions within the Schengen area have also been lifted; (v) July 23, Due to the recent rise in the number of new cases, the government decided to put the 5th phase of reopening on hold, imposed new preventive measures and further decentralized decision making regarding mask wearing to local authorities; (vi) August 20, the government decided to ease some restrictions, while keeping social distancing rules in place until at least end-September. For instance, shopping and events are now permitted; (vii) Schools, except universities, have fully reopened in September, with in-person classes. [update]
|Bhutan||06||06 - Budget reallocation||BTN/INR||1,300,000,000||17,492,822||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).||
April, A budget of BTN1.3 billion has been re-appropriated for health, essential food and fuel, quarantine and related initiatives.
|Bhutan||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||BTN/INR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); PMO. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1606 (accessed 20 July 2020); Royal Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1664 (accessed 11 August 2020); Royal Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/31-08-20-press-release-pmo/ (accessed 02 September 2020); Royal Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/10-09-20-press-release-on-the-completion-of-the-unlocking-period-pmo/ (accessed 11 September 2020).||
(i) Bhutan started imposing containment measures immediately after the first case was recorded on March 6, with restriction of entry of foreign tourists initially for two weeks but extended afterwards and closure of schools in three cities; (ii) March 22, Bhutan sealed off its land borders as a precautionary measure to prevent the spread of COVID-19. For non-Bhutanese, exits are allowed. Incoming non-Bhutanese are scrutinized and quarantined where applicable; (iii) March 27, More containment measures were imposed on public gatherings, travel (within and outside Bhutan), business and entertainment, games and sports and civil service, corporate, private, and other agencies. The quarantine period has been extended to April 21; (iv) Healthcare measures include setting up dedicated hospitals and quarantine centers; (v) June 19, Easing of restrictions, which will be done in phases, in schools, institutes, and colleges, except pre-primary levels, low risk businesses, sports, trainings and workshops, religious and social functions, parks and public spaces, and public transport; (vi) June 19, All government, corporate, and allied agencies are called to discontinue "work from home" starting June 22; (vii) August 11, Government announces nationwide lockdown. On September 1, The government announced a phased easing of lockdown restrictions between September 1 and 10. On September 10, the Government released new guidelines on the movement of individuals throughout the country.
|Brazil||06||06 - Budget reallocation||BRL|
|Brazil||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||BRL||KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/03/flash-alert-2020-119.html (accessed 29 April 2020).||
(i) Several travel restrictions for individuals coming to Brazil (Venezuela, Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, and Suriname, Uruguay, the People’s Republic of China, the European Union member states, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, the United Kingdom & Northern Ireland, Australia, Japan, and Malaysia); (ii) Brazil’s population has been advised to stay at home in self-isolation as much as possible; (iii) Businesses have largely adhered to this policy and have requested that their employees work remotely or take early vacation; (iv) No nationwide lockdown, but 23 of Brazil's 27 federative units (states) have imposed confinement measures; (v) Schools are not closed nationwide, but several states and municipalities have closed educational institutions. For example, in São Paulo, schools have been closed since 23/3.
|Brunei Darussalam||06||06 - Budget reallocation||BND|
|Brunei Darussalam||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||BND||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020, 14 May 2020).||
(i) The government is actively responding to the risks of the pandemic from spreading further by implementing a range of measures, including strict inbound and outbound travel restrictions and banning all mass gatherings, including weddings and sporting events; and (ii) The Ministry of Health (MOH) is also stepping up efforts to track close contacts of positive cases; (vi) MOH actively rolling out a contact tracing app (“BruHealth”) for residents to download before they are given the green light to visit public places.
|Cambodia||06||06 - Budget reallocation||KHR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).||
No amount/estimate: April, (i) Government spending is to be redirected to (a) combatting the virus; (b) social protection, especially of the poor and unemployed; (c) supporting businesses and jobs; and (d) maintaining security; (ii) Savings on current spending of about USD30 million are also planned; and (iii) Capital spending is to be streamlined by around USD370 million (See Measure 10: No breakdown).
|Cambodia||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||KHR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).||
April: (i) The government has announced foreigners wishing to travel to Cambodia the need to obtain a visa at a Cambodian diplomatic mission abroad, a health certificate before departure, and sufficient travel insurance; (ii) Quarantine and self-isolation measures; (iii) Schools and casinos are closed and the government has banned public events with more than 50 participants; (iv) The Khmer New Year break has been cancelled; (v) May 20, The authorities have lifted the entry ban on citizens from Iran, Italy, Germany, Spain, France, and the US.
|Canada||06||06 - Budget reallocation||CAD||15,000,000||10,750,762||
(i) Support for Northern Business from existing sources--CAD15 million
|Canada||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||CAD||International Monetary Fund. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#C (accessed 10 June 2020).||
(i) Travel restrictions; (ii) Social distancing measures; (iii) Declarations of states of emergency; (iv) Closures of non-essential businesses in some provinces; (v) Reopening the economy. On April 28, Prime Minister Trudeau released a joint statement with premiers across Canada on their shared public health approach to support restarting the economy; all provinces have begun to implement plans to reopen.
|Cook Islands||06||06 - Budget reallocation||NZD|
|Cook Islands||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||NZD||COVID-19 Cook Islands Response. https://covid19.gov.ck/?v=1588300681872 (1 May 2020).||
(i) April 16, Prime Minister, Hon. Henry Puna, declared the Cook Islands "a COVID-19 free zone", however the country remains in Code Yellow with relaxed restrictions; and (ii) Restrictions have been lifted for the following areas (a) schools are now open, (b) travel between the Pa Enua (Outer Islands) open, (c) churches are now open, (d) social gatherings are no longer limited to 10 people, (e) alcohol retail sales extended until 6pm, (f) non-contact sports may resume, and (g) restaurants & cafes may re-open.
|Denmark||06||06 - Budget reallocation||DKK|
|Denmark||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||DKK||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020). The Local Denmark. https://www.thelocal.dk/20200517/denmark-begins-next-stage-of-reopening-after-lockdown (accessed 21 May 2020)||
(i) People returning from abroad are strongly encouraged to self-quarantine for two weeks. Borders have been closed and entry are only allowed for citizens and others with a critical reason to enter (e.g. work or visit sick family member). EU border restrictions apply as well. Borders remain fully open to transport of goods and capital flows. Air traffic is de facto shut down. All schools, childcare and education facilities were closed, but have gradually begun reopening as of May 20. Teaching continues through online distance learning platforms. The government has banned gatherings of more than 10 people (inside as well as outside), except in work places. Only food stores, pharmacies and stores allowing sufficient physical distance are allowed to remain open. All restaurants, bars and cultural premises as well personal services not allowing sufficient physical distance (e.g. hairdressers) are required to close; (ii) The authorities announced careful and gradual lift of some containment measures such as the opening of daycares, kindergartens and schools (up to 5th grade) by April 15 while others remain in place till May (e.g. no events with more than 10 people, closure of borders) and August (e.g. large gatherings). The gradual opening of the economy was extended to include additional health care sectors and liberal professions . The authorities adjusted the criteria for COVID-19 testing to enable a comprehensive testing of the population as part of the reopening strategy.
|European Central Bank||06||06 - Budget reallocation||EUR|
|European Central Bank||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||EUR|
|European Union||06||06 - Budget reallocation||EUR||1,000,000,000||1,106,194,690||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020).||
March, the EIB redirected EUR1 billion from the EU Budget as a guarantee to the European Investment Fund to incentivize banks to provide liquidity to affected SMEs and mid-caps.
|European Union||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||EUR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).||
Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions .
|Federated States of Micronesia||06||06 - Budget reallocation||USD|
|Federated States of Micronesia||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||USD||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).||
(i) The national and state governments have introduced travel restrictions; banning or requiring 14-day self-quarantine prior to entry into the Federated States of Micronesia; and restricting residents from traveling abroad; and (ii) The state of Chuuk closed schools.
|Fiji||06||06 - Budget reallocation||FJD|
|Fiji||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||FJD||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020).||
(i) The authorities have been proactive in their efforts to keep the virus out of Fiji by early imposition of travel restrictions; (ii) They reacted to the first confirmed case with a broad set of measures, including reinforced detection measures, restrictions on movements and gatherings, closures of schools and certain types of businesses (e.g. cinemas, gyms, etc.), a nationwide curfew and lockdowns of affected areas; and (iii) As the number of cases have remained constant since Mid-April, the authorities started relaxing containment and mitigation restrictions at the national level on April 26th; (iv) June 4, no new cases have been detected as of the past 30 days, and the last active case was cleared by authorities; (v) June 21, Phase 2 of Fiji’s COVID-safe Economic Recovery Plan leads to the gradual easing of some restrictions (e.g. national curfew, limitations on public gatherings) and the reopening of schools and certain recreational facilities under strict conditions. The reopening of the economy under Phase 2 has been tied up with the launch of CareFIJI, a contact-tracing mobile application; (vi) July 16, The repatriation of Fijian citizens in July led to a resurgence of border cases – all quarantined in government-designated facilities.
|Finland||06||06 - Budget reallocation||EUR|
|Finland||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||EUR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (1 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#C (acccessed 13 August 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#C (accessed 3 October 2020).||
March 16, the government invoked the Emergency Powers Act, which was used to close borders, restrict domestic movements, and expand service obligations of essential health-, social services-, and security personnel. Restrictions to and from the region of Helsinki were lifted on April 14. On May 4, the government announced a plan to lift broad restrictions in favor of more targeted containment measures, including: on May 14, resumption of primary and lower secondary school and cross-border movement of essential traffic; on June 1, reopening of restaurants and public facilities and limits on public gatherings increased from 10 to 50 people; on July 31, resumption of public events with more than 500 people. Effective June 16, the government repealed the use of powers under the Emergency Powers Act, declaring that the country is no longer in a state of emergency. Barring any significant setbacks, the restrictions on gatherings will be lifted altogether on October 1. On June 23, the government announced the lifting of internal border control and restrictions on traffic between Finland and countries with similar incidence of COVID-19 with a limit value of 8 new cases per 100,000 persons in the previous 14 days. As of July 13, travel between Finland and non-EU countries on the ‘green list’ approved by the Council of the European Union will be permitted subject to restrictions which depend on the incidence of COVID-19. On August 13, the government adopted resolutions on recommendations for wearing face coverings and face masks, and for remote work. On August 18, the government reinstated travel restrictions on traffic between Finland and several countries based on their 14-day incidence rates. This is in addition to entry restrictions for three countries introduced on August 6. The government adopted on September 11 a decision to continue internal border checks and restrictions on border traffic, which entered into force on September 19 and will continue through October 18. The government also adopted a resolution on a hybrid strategy for cross-border traffic and travel which requires a rapid increase in cross-border testing capacity and analysis by 10,000 tests/day. This would allow a more flexible approach to border restrictions. On September 24, the government reintroduced travel restrictions between Finland and several Schengen area countries [update].