|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Afghanistan||06||06 - Budget reallocation||AFN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).||
No amount/estimate: The government is working to identify nonessential spending that can be curtailed to create space for pandemic-related spending, including social relief package for the affected households and measures to prevent permanent damage to the Afghan economy.
|Afghanistan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AFN|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||06||06 - Budget reallocation||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EGP|
|Argentina||06||06 - Budget reallocation||ARS|
|Argentina||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||ARS|
|Armenia||06||06 - Budget reallocation||AMD|
|Armenia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AMD|
|Australia||06||06 - Budget reallocation||AUD|
|Australia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AUD||150,000,000,000||93,269,999,936||RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 14 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-17.html (accessed 8 July 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-24.html (accessed 07 October 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-11-03.html (accessed 04 November 2020).||
(i) April 2020, The RBA has announced yield targeting on 3-year government bonds at 0.25% through purchases of government bonds in the secondary market. On 5 May 2020, RBA has purchased AUD50 billion of Australia Government securities (AGS) and semis in the secondary market. 5 May, 2 June, 7 July, 1 September, and 6 October 2020, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting. 3 November 2020, RBA announced that it will reduce the 3-year yield target rate from 0.25% to 0.10%; (ii) 3 November 2020, The RBA announced that it intends to purchase AUD100 billion of government bonds issued by the Australian Government as well as by the states and territories over the next six months.
|Austria||06||06 - Budget reallocation||EUR|
|Austria||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|Azerbaijan||06||06 - Budget reallocation||AZN||Cabinet of Ministers. https://cabmin.gov.az/az/article/969/ (accessed 7 August 2020); (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 August 2020).||
No amount/estimate: (i) August 2020, A proposed bill to amend the state budget for 2020 is being discussed in Azerbaijan's National Assembly (Milli Majlis); (ii) 6 August 2020, The Parliament passed a revised 2020 budget which reflected a lower oil price (USD35 a barrel) and growth assumptions (-5 percent).
|Azerbaijan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AZN|
|Bangladesh||06||06 - Budget reallocation||BDT|
|Bangladesh||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||BDT|
|Belgium||06||06 - Budget reallocation||EUR|
|Belgium||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|Bhutan||06||06 - Budget reallocation||BTN/INR||1,300,000,000||17,492,822||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).||
April 2020, A budget of BTN1.3 billion has been re-appropriated for health, essential food and fuel, quarantine and related initiatives.
|Bhutan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||BTN/INR|
|Brazil||06||06 - Budget reallocation||BRL||Reuters https://www.reuters.com/article/brazil-economy-spending/update-1-brazil-considering-legislation-for-special-spending-powers-in-emergency-source-idUSL1N2GY1AL (accessed 10 October 2020). https://economia.estadao.com.br/noticias/geral,renda-cidada-substituto-do-bolsa-familia-sera-pago-com-precatorios-e-dinheiro-do-fundeb,70003455291 (accessed 11 October 2020)||
(i) No amount/estimate: 28 September 2020, Brazil's government proposed a new minimum income program called Renda Cidada to replace Bolsa Familia (the welfare programs of former President da Silva), which draws funds from the latter and from an education fund; the aim is for the program to begin on January 1, 2021; the intent is also to use parts of the budget earmarked for future debt payments; 7 October 2020, multiple potential sources of funds for Renda Cidada are being reported, but the government is said to be preparing to release details the week after local elections. First Renda Cidada payments are scheduled for 15 November 2020.
|Brazil||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||BRL|
|Brunei Darussalam||06||06 - Budget reallocation||BND|
|Brunei Darussalam||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||BND|
|Cambodia||06||06 - Budget reallocation||KHR||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).||
No amount/estimate: April 2020, (i) Government spending is to be redirected to (a) combatting the virus; (b) social protection, especially of the poor and unemployed; (c) supporting businesses and jobs; and (d) maintaining security; (ii) Savings on current spending of about USD30 million are also planned; and (iii) Capital spending is to be streamlined by around USD370 million (See Measure 10: No breakdown).
|Cambodia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||KHR|
|Canada||06||06 - Budget reallocation||CAD||15,000,000||10,750,762||
(i) Support for Northern Business from existing sources--CAD15 million.
|Canada||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||CAD||233,910,000,000||167,647,375,022||Bank of Canada. https://www.bankofcanada.ca/rates/banking-and-financial-statistics/bank-of-canada-assets-and-liabilities-weekly-formerly-b2/ (accessed 10 June 2020).||
(i) Government of Canada Bond Purchase Program (GBPP): Purchases will begin with a minimum of CAD5 billion per week across the yield curve. The program will be adjusted as conditions warrant but will continue until the economic recovery is well underway; on 28 October 2020, BoC announced purchases would gradually decline to CAD4 billion per week; As of 6 January 2021, the increase in government bonds owned by BoC has risen to CAD230.394 billion since the purchases in response to COVID-19 began, which is also the peak figure [update]; (ii) 3 June 2020, Bank of Canada began purchasing Government of Canada Real Return Bonds; as of 6 January 2021, the purchased amount is CAD3.516 billion, which is also the peak value (pre-COVID BoC did not hold government real return bonds). [update]
|Cook Islands||06||06 - Budget reallocation||NZD|
|Cook Islands||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||NZD|
|Denmark||06||06 - Budget reallocation||DKK|
|Denmark||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||DKK|
|European Central Bank||06||06 - Budget reallocation||EUR|
|European Central Bank||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 18 April 2020).||
Purchases of government bonds are included in Measure 2 (Encourage Private Credit Creation). The amount could not be disaggregated from the EUR 750 billion PEPP program.
|European Union||06||06 - Budget reallocation||EUR||1,000,000,000||1,106,194,690||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020).||
March 2020, the EIB redirected EUR1 billion from the EU Budget as a guarantee to the European Investment Fund to incentivize banks to provide liquidity to affected SMEs and mid-caps.
|European Union||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|Federated States of Micronesia||06||06 - Budget reallocation||USD|
|Federated States of Micronesia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||USD|
|Fiji||06||06 - Budget reallocation||FJD|
|Fiji||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||FJD||280,000,000||127,064,803||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 06 August 2020).||
As of July 30, The Reserve Bank of Fiji has purchased FJD280 million of Government bonds to help finance the Government deficit.
|Finland||06||06 - Budget reallocation||EUR|
|Finland||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|