|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Afghanistan||06||06 - Budget reallocation||AFN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).||
No amount/estimate: The government is working to identify nonessential spending that can be curtailed to create space for pandemic-related spending, including social relief package for the affected households and measures to prevent permanent damage to the Afghan economy.
|Afghanistan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AFN|
|Afghanistan||07A||07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown||AFN|
|Afghanistan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AFN|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||06||06 - Budget reallocation||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||07A||07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EGP|
|Argentina||06||06 - Budget reallocation||ARS|
|Argentina||07||07 - Central bank financing government||ARS|
|Argentina||07A||07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown||ARS|
|Argentina||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||ARS|
|Armenia||06||06 - Budget reallocation||AMD|
|Armenia||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AMD|
|Armenia||07A||07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown||AMD|
|Armenia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AMD|
|Australia||06||06 - Budget reallocation||AUD|
|Australia||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AUD||150,000,000,000||93,269,999,936|
|Australia||07A||07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown||AUD|
|Australia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AUD||150,000,000,000||93,269,999,936||RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 14 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-17.html (accessed 8 July 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-24.html (accessed 07 October 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/speeches/2020/sp-gov-2020-11-03.html (accessed 04 November 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2021/mr-21-01.html (accessed 3 February 2021).||
(i) April 2020, The RBA has announced yield targeting on 3-year government bonds at 0.25% through purchases of government bonds in the secondary market. On 5 May 2020, RBA has purchased AUD50 billion of Australia Government securities (AGS) and semis in the secondary market. 5 May, 2 June, 7 July, 1 September, and 6 October 2020, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting. 3 November 2020, RBA announced that it will reduce the 3-year yield target rate from 0.25% to 0.10%. On 2 February 2021, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting at 0.10%; (ii) 3 November 2020, The RBA announced that it intends to purchase AUD100 billion of government bonds issued by the Australian Government as well as by the states and territories when the current bond purchase program is completed in mid April 2021.
|Austria||06||06 - Budget reallocation||EUR|
|Austria||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EUR|
|Austria||07A||07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown||EUR|
|Austria||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|Azerbaijan||06||06 - Budget reallocation||AZN||Cabinet of Ministers. https://cabmin.gov.az/az/article/969/ (accessed 7 August 2020); (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 August 2020).||
No amount/estimate: (i) August 2020, A proposed bill to amend the state budget for 2020 is being discussed in Azerbaijan's National Assembly (Milli Majlis); (ii) 6 August 2020, The Parliament passed a revised 2020 budget which reflected a lower oil price (USD35 a barrel) and growth assumptions (-5 percent).
|Azerbaijan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AZN|
|Azerbaijan||07A||07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown||AZN|
|Azerbaijan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AZN|
|Bangladesh||06||06 - Budget reallocation||BDT|
|Bangladesh||07||07 - Central bank financing government||BDT||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 April 2020).||
No amount/estimate: The Bangladesh Bank has announced that it will buy treasury bonds and bills from banks.
|Bangladesh||07A||07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown||BDT|
|Bangladesh||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||BDT|
|Belgium||06||06 - Budget reallocation||EUR|
|Belgium||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EUR|
|Belgium||07A||07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown||EUR|
|Belgium||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|Bhutan||06||06 - Budget reallocation||BTN/INR||1,300,000,000||17,492,822||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).||
April 2020, A budget of BTN1.3 billion has been re-appropriated for health, essential food and fuel, quarantine and related initiatives.
|Bhutan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||BTN/INR|
|Bhutan||07A||07A - Direct lending & reserve drawdown||BTN/INR|
|Bhutan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||BTN/INR|
|Brazil||06||06 - Budget reallocation||BRL||Reuters https://www.reuters.com/article/brazil-economy-spending/update-1-brazil-considering-legislation-for-special-spending-powers-in-emergency-source-idUSL1N2GY1AL (accessed 10 October 2020). https://economia.estadao.com.br/noticias/geral,renda-cidada-substituto-do-bolsa-familia-sera-pago-com-precatorios-e-dinheiro-do-fundeb,70003455291 (accessed 11 October 2020)||
(i) No amount/estimate: 28 September 2020, Brazil's government proposed a new minimum income program called Renda Cidada to replace Bolsa Familia (the welfare programs of former President da Silva), which draws funds from the latter and from an education fund; the aim is for the program to begin on January 1, 2021; the intent is also to use parts of the budget earmarked for future debt payments; 7 October 2020, multiple potential sources of funds for Renda Cidada are being reported, but the government is said to be preparing to release details the week after local elections. First Renda Cidada payments are scheduled for 15 November 2020.
|Brazil||07||07 - Central bank financing government||BRL||SPGlobal. https://www.spglobal.com/marketintelligence/en/news-insights/latest-news-headlines/brazil-s-quantitative-easing-program-gets-approval-58531681 (accessed 30 May 2020).||
7 May 2020, Brazil's Congress approved a constitutional amendment to enable BCB to implement quantitative easing program.