Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Cook Islands 05B 05B - Income support NZD
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 212,319,000,000 234,866,150,442 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 May 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_997 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commision to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR 25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. On May 20, a Regulation establishing SURE entered into force. Countries will be able to use loans also in support of some health-related measures, esp. in the workplace. SURE will become available once all Member States have provided the required guarantees proportionally to gross national income, and will remain available until end-2022 (with the possibility to adjust this deadline) ; (iii) no amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules. On May 8, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework to recapitalization and subordinated debt measures to further support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. The amended Temporary Framework will be in place until the end of December 2020, except for recapitalization measures which has an extended period by the end of June 2021. The Commission will assess before these dates if they need to be extended; (iv) March, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps; (v) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competences for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings; (vi) June 8, European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot fund issued grants of EUR140 million to innovative companies [update]; (vii) Proposed modifications to its 2020 budget to make EUR 11.5 billion available for the hardest hit regions, and to support businesses, including those outside of EU borders. These modifications are stopgap measures to provide support while waiting for the European Commission to ratify a budget containing the "Next Generation EU" recovery instrument [update].

Federated States of Micronesia 05B 05B - Income support USD 15,000,000 15,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

April 22, The government approved the economic stimulus package of USD15 million (about 3.8% of GDP). The package includes measures to support affected businesses, including wage subsidies, debt relief, as well as social security tax and other tax rebates.

Fiji 05B 05B - Income support FJD
Kiribati 05B 05B - Income support AUD
Marshall Islands 05B 05B - Income support USD
Nauru 05B 05B - Income support AUD 5,600,000 3,737,188 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

May: (i) Containment efforts have been sizable and expenditures on keeping the national airline and other state-owned enterprises (SOEs) afloat have been significant at about 5.5% of 2019 GDP. The immigration department estimates AUD5.1 million liquidity injections to Nauru Airlines, and an estimated AUD0.5 million in budget support to SOEs in managing inventory from limited freight and cargo services; (ii) The government has also used its cash buffers for the repatriation of Nauruans abroad.

Niue 05B 05B - Income support NZD
Palau 05B 05B - Income support USD 6,000,000 6,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 01 May 2020).

The parliament is also authorizing additional funding (up of to USD6 million or 2.1% of GDP) to help maintain government services in the face of declining tourism revenue.

Papua New Guinea 05B 05B - Income support PGK 500,000,000 146,748,063 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: The government has asked the superannuation funds to allow members who have been laid off from work due to COVID-19 to access their savings. On April 8, Superfunds announced that its members whose employment was terminated by their employer as a result of COVID-19 will be entitled to a one-off payment of 20% of the member’s contribution (PGK500 million support from superannuation savings to employees affected by the economic slowdown).

Samoa 05B 05B - Income support WST IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: April: (i) Support for the private sector includes (a) a temporary exemption on import duties on most commonly bought food items for households, (b) duty concessions to be applied to an expanded list of agricultural and fishing materials, and (c) a 6-month moratorium on pension contributions for the hospitality sector (See Measure 5: Government support to income/revenue); (ii) Support for citizens includes (a) establishment of the Emergency Price Control Board to keep wholesale and retail prices in check and bring them down, if necessary; (b) provision of financial assistance to members of the National Provident Fund in the form of a refund of their loan payments for March 2020; (c) and a temporary reduction of utility bills (both electricity and water) for 6 months through September 2020 (See Measure 5: Government support to income/revenue); (iii) To compensate part of the losses in interest income from the 3-month grace period applied to laon payments, local commercial banks will receive payments from the government.

Solomon Islands 05B 05B - Income support SBD 309,000,000 37,668,469 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020); Solomon Islands Government. https://solomons.gov.sb/solomon-islands-government-economic-stimulus-package-to-address-the-impacts-of-the-covid-19-pandemic/ (accessed 12 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: April: (i) The government has scaled down nonessential public services and will support affected public officers with one-off travel allowance; (ii) The government has not laid off any public servants, but instead required them to take leave on half pay; (iii) The National Provident Fund has made funds available to its members that are temporarily laid off or returned home; (iv) Two state-owned enterprises (Solomon Islands Ports Authority and Solomon Islands Electricity Authority) are providing dividend payments to support the government’s COVID-19 preparedness and response plan; (v) April 8, The stimulus package is expected to include (a) utility relief from Solomon Power and Ports Authority, (b) loan and interest relief from banks and financial institutions, (c) tax relief for specific sectors, and (d) ongoing payroll support for nonessential public servants; (vi) Measures will likely include a financial injection into the productive and resource sector, focusing on investments that add value to agricultural products and the fisheries, forestry and tourism sectors, including through a new Covid-19 finance product to support agricultural ventures; (vii) It will also be used to finance specific investments and products of the Development Bank of Solomon Islands; (viii) May 6, The government has adopted a COVID-19 economic stimulus package of SBD309 million (about 2.5% of GDP), to be financed by both government and donors. The package aims to provide social assistance to vulnerable households and firms, as well as supporting economic recovery. These includes employment support for youth and women and advancing planned infrastructure investments; (ix) May 26, The Prime Minister made a statement that the stimulus package costs SBD319 million. Amount will be updated once verified. [update].

Tonga 05B 05B - Income support TOP 40,000,000 17,413,090 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) This covers two-thirds of the TOP60 million Stimulus Package for other sectors in Measure 5 under Health; (ii) No amount/estimate: The Government of Tonga announced a deferral of retirement contributions and hardship allowances for laid-off employees (up to 3 months), needs-based financial assistance, tax and duty relief during the pandemic, and assistance with the payment of utility bills by public enterprises.

Turkmenistan 05B 05B - Income support TMT
Tuvalu 05B 05B - Income support AUD 189,000 126,130 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 08 May 2020).

The government has approved AUD189,000 in supplementary appropriation as a Coronavirus contingency fund.

Vanuatu 05B 05B - Income support VUV 4,400,000,000 37,392,708 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

March 31, A first-stage fiscal package worth VUV4.4 billion (roughly 4.2% of GDP) was announced. It includes (i) flights and cover arrival and short-term quarantine costs in Port Vila of repatriated ni-Vanuatu before they return to their homes elsewhere in Vanuatu; (ii) deferred and cancelled taxes, license fees and charges for businesses in 2020. Backdating to start of 2020 some reductions resulting from forthcoming business license reforms; (iii) the Employment Stabilization Payment (reimbursing employers up to VUV30,000 per employee per month for 4 months; plus an additional 15% to the employer); (iv) small and medium enterprises (SME) with turnover of less than VUV200 million will also receive the value of their business license fees; (v) price-based subsidies if needed to support producers of copra, kava, cocoa and other commodities; (vi) support to the transport sector to facilitate farmers’ access to major market centres such as Port Vila and Luganville; and (vii) secondary school tuition fees are suspended for 2020.

Cook Islands 05B 05B - Income support NZD
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 212,179,000,000 234,711,283,186 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commision to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR 25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. ; (iii) no amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules; (iv) March, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps; (v) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competences for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings.

Federated States of Micronesia 05B 05B - Income support USD 15,000,000 15,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

April 22, The government approved the economic stimulus package of USD15 million (about 3.8% of GDP). The package includes measures to support affected businesses, including wage subsidies, debt relief, as well as social security tax and other tax rebates. [update]

Fiji 05B 05B - Income support FJD
Kiribati 05B 05B - Income support AUD
Marshall Islands 05B 05B - Income support USD
Nauru 05B 05B - Income support AUD 5,600,000 3,737,188 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 May 2020).

May: (i) Containment efforts have been sizable and expenditures on keeping the national airline and other state-owned enterprises (SOEs) afloat have been significant at about 5.5% of 2019 GDP. The immigration department estimates AUD5.1 million liquidity injections to Nauru Airlines, and an estimated AUD0.5 million in budget support to SOEs in managing inventory from limited freight and cargo services; (ii) The government has also used its cash buffers for the repatriation of Nauruans abroad [update].

Niue 05B 05B - Income support NZD
Palau 05B 05B - Income support USD 6,000,000 6,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 01 May 2020).

The parliament is also authorizing additional funding (up of to USD6 million or 2.1% of GDP) to help maintain government services in the face of declining tourism revenue.

Papua New Guinea 05B 05B - Income support PGK 500,000,000 146,748,063 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: The government has asked the superannuation funds to allow members who have been laid off from work due to COVID-19 to access their savings. On April 8, Superfunds announced that its members whose employment was terminated by their employer as a result of COVID-19 will be entitled to a one-off payment of 20% of the member’s contribution (PGK500 million support from superannuation savings to employees affected by the economic slowdown).

Samoa 05B 05B - Income support WST IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: April: (i) Support for the private sector includes (a) a temporary exemption on import duties on most commonly bought food items for households, (b) duty concessions to be applied to an expanded list of agricultural and fishing materials, and (c) a 6-month moratorium on pension contributions for the hospitality sector (See Measure 5: Direct support to income/revenue); (ii) Support for citizens includes (a) establishment of the Emergency Price Control Board to keep wholesale and retail prices in check and bring them down, if necessary; (b) provision of financial assistance to members of the National Provident Fund in the form of a refund of their loan payments for March 2020; (c) and a temporary reduction of utility bills (both electricity and water) for 6 months through September 2020 (See Measure 5: Direct support to income/revenue); (iii) To compensate part of the losses in interest income from the 3-month grace period applied to laon payments, local commercial banks will receive payments from the government.

Solomon Islands 05B 05B - Income support SBD 309,000,000 37,668,469 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: April: (i) The government has scaled down nonessential public services and will support affected public officers with one-off travel allowance; (ii) The government has not laid off any public servants, but instead required them to take leave on half pay; (iii) The National Provident Fund has made funds available to its members that are temporarily laid off or returned home; (iv) Two state-owned enterprises (Solomon Islands Ports Authority and Solomon Islands Electricity Authority) are providing dividend payments to support the government’s COVID-19 preparedness and response plan; (v) April 8, The stimulus package is expected to include (a) utility relief from Solomon Power and Ports Authority, (b) loan and interest relief from banks and financial institutions, (c) tax relief for specific sectors, and (d) ongoing payroll support for nonessential public servants; (vi) Measures will likely include a financial injection into the productive and resource sector, focusing on investments that add value to agricultural products and the fisheries, forestry and tourism sectors, including through a new Covid-19 finance product to support agricultural ventures; (vii) It will also be used to finance specific investments and products of the Development Bank of Solomon Islands [update]; (viii) May, The government has adopted a COVID-19 economic stimulus package of SBD309 million (about 2.5% of GDP), to be financed by both government and donors. The package aims to provide social assistance to vulnerable households and firms, as well as supporting economic recovery. These includes employment support for youth and women and advancing planned infrastructure investments [update].

Tonga 05B 05B - Income support TOP 40,000,000 17,413,090 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) This covers two-thirds of the TOP60 million Stimulus Package for other sectors in Measure 5 under Health; (ii) No amount/estimate: The Government of Tonga announced a deferral of retirement contributions and hardship allowances for laid-off employees (up to 3 months), needs-based financial assistance, tax and duty relief during the pandemic, and assistance with the payment of utility bills by public enterprises.

Turkmenistan 05B 05B - Income support TMT
Tuvalu 05B 05B - Income support AUD 189,000 126,130 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 08 May 2020).

The government has approved AUD189,000 in supplementary appropriation as a Coronavirus contingency fund. [update]

Vanuatu 05B 05B - Income support VUV 4,400,000,000 37,392,708 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

March 31, A first-stage fiscal package worth VUV4.4 billion (roughly 4.2% of GDP) was announced. It includes (i) flights and cover arrival and short-term quarantine costs in Port Vila of repatriated ni-Vanuatu before they return to their homes elsewhere in Vanuatu; (ii) deferred and cancelled taxes, license fees and charges for businesses in 2020. Backdating to start of 2020 some reductions resulting from forthcoming business license reforms; (iii) the Employment Stabilization Payment (reimbursing employers up to VUV30,000 per employee per month for 4 months; plus an additional 15% to the employer); (iv) small and medium enterprises (SME) with turnover of less than VUV200 million will also receive the value of their business license fees; (v) price-based subsidies if needed to support producers of copra, kava, cocoa and other commodities; (vi) support to the transport sector to facilitate farmers’ access to major market centres such as Port Vila and Luganville; and (vii) secondary school tuition fees are suspended for 2020.

Cook Islands 05B 05B - Income support NZD
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 212,179,000,000 234,711,283,186 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commision to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR 25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. ; (iii) no amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules; (iv) March, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps; (v) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competences for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings.

Federated States of Micronesia 05B 05B - Income support USD
Fiji 05B 05B - Income support FJD
Kiribati 05B 05B - Income support AUD
Marshall Islands 05B 05B - Income support USD
Nauru 05B 05B - Income support AUD