Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 05B 05B - Income support AFN 37,035,885,500 470,645,051 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 26 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: To ease tax compliance, the government extended filing deadlines, initially to May 20, now to July 5 for individual and business taxpayers.

Afghanistan 09 09 - International Assistance Provided AFN
Afghanistan 09A 09A - Swaps AFN
Afghanistan 09B 09B - International loans/grants AFN
Arab Republic of Egypt 05B 05B - Income support EGP Egyptian Customs Authority. https://customs.gov.eg/Media/News/Details/18aa02e5-3c2c-4686-ac2f-c020e8982926 (accessed 24 September 2020). Ministry of Social Solidarity. https://www.moss.gov.eg/ar-eg/Pages/news-details.aspx?nid=1917 (accessed 17 September 2020). Ministry of Petroleum. https://www.petroleum.gov.eg/ar-eg/media-center/news/news-pages/Pages/mop_02092020_02.aspx (accessed 17 September 2020). Central Bank of Egypt. https://www.cbe.org.eg/en/Pages/HighlightsPages/Circular-dated-21-June-2020-regarding-extending-the-period-of-exempting-local-transfers-in-EGP-from-all-fees-&-commissions-.aspx (accessed 24 September 2020); https://www.cbe.org.eg/en/Pages/HighlightsPages/Circular-dated-21-June-2020-regarding-extending-the-period-of-exempting-local-transfers-in-EGP-from-all-fees-&-commissions-.aspx (accessed 24 June 2020). Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources. https://www.petroleum.gov.eg/ar-eg/media-center/news/news-pages/Pages/mop_17062020_01.aspx (accessed 19 June 2020). World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: March 22, Pension benefits have been increased by 14%; (ii) No amount/estimate: March 22, Expansion of the targeted cash transfer social programs, Takaful and Karama, are also being extended to reach more families; (iii) No amount/estimate: March 22, A targeted support initiative for irregular workers in most severely hit sectors has been announced, which will entail EGP500 in monthly grants for 3 months; (iv) No amount/estimate: March 22, Energy costs have been lowered for the entire industrial sector; (v) No amount/estimate: March 22, Real estate tax relief has been provided for industrial and tourism sectors, (vi) No amount/estimate: March 22, Subsidy pay-out for exporters has been stepped up, and discount on fuel price has been announced for the aviation sector; (vii) March 22, EGP50 billion of the EGP100 billion stimulus has been announced for the tourism sector, which contributes close to 12% of Egypt’s GDP, 10% of employment, and almost 4% of GDP in terms of receipts, as of 2019; (viii) No amount/estimate: The moratorium on the tax law on agricultural land has been extended for 2 years; (ix) No amount/estimate: The stamp duty on transactions and tax on dividends have been reduced; (x) No amount/estimate: Capital gains tax has been postponed until further notice; (xii) No amount/estimate: ATM withdrawal fees have been cancelled; (xiii) EGP1 billion in arrears will be paid out by The Export Subsidy Fund in March and April 2020, plus 10% in cash payments to exporters in June 2020; (xiv) No amount/estimate: Three months extension for the payment of property taxes for companies in the industrial and tourism sector; (xv) No amount/estimate: Extension of the individuals’ annual tax return filing deadline to 16 April instead of 31 March, and exemption of the tax returns online filing subscription fee for the use of the Egyptian Tax Authority online filing portal; (xvi) EGP50 million allocated by the Ministry of Workforce for irregular workers, including women, who lost their job due to the coronavirus; (xvii) June 17, EGP5.3 billion in exemptions to natural gas consumers from penalty fine for late payments; (xviii) No amount/estimate: June 21, Extended until September 15, 2020, the exemption from all fees & commissions for local transfers in EGP. On September 15, this was again extended until December 21, 2020. Further, contactless prepaid bank cards will continue to be issued to citizens free of charge; [update] (xix) No amount/estimate: A Corona tax of 1% on all public and private sector salaries and 0.5% on state pensions have been imposed, the proceeds of which are earmarked for sectors and SMEs most affected by the pandemic; (xx) No amount/estimate: July 23, the new consumer spending initiative will also include discounts on selected consumer goods, the details of which are yet to be announced; (xxi) Bonus for workers in the petroleum sector worth 12% of the basic wage for a worker on June 30, 2020, with a minimum of EGP75 added to the basic wage. Bonus for workers in the workers in "the shareholding corporate sector" side of the petroleum industry get a bonus worth 12% of their basic wages with a minimum of EGP75 and a maximum of EGP300; (xxii) EGP500 support total for tour guides. Disbursement begins with an EGP100 disbursement on September 8, 2020; (xxiii) September 18, Reduction in customs duties by rates exceeding 50% of their current levels on some components of the furniture, petrochemical and durable electrical appliances industries such as refrigerators and televisions, as well as for mass transit vehicles and vehicle supply stations with electric and gas power. [update]

Arab Republic of Egypt 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 09A 09A - Swaps EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 09B 09B - International loans/grants EGP
Argentina 05B 05B - Income support ARS 163,134,000,000 2,599,745,020 Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/guzman-y-de-pedro-firmaron-con-el-gobernador-de-mendoza-un-nuevo-acuerdo-del-fondo (accessed 03 Jul 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/mas-de-300-millones-de-pesos-para-poner-en-marcha-el-programa-potenciar-trabajo-en-cordoba (accessed 03 July 2020). Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 May 2020, 19 June 2020, 26, June). Official Bulletin of Argentina. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/231883/20200708 (accessed 17 July 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/el-gobierno-nacional-firmo-acuerdos-de-asistencia-financiera-con-jujuy-la-rioja-tierra-0 (accessed 24 July 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/arroyo-y-capitanich-firmaron-la-implementacion-del-potenciar-trabajo-en-chaco (accessed 31 July 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/233459/20200811 (accessed 14 August 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/el-presidente-anuncio-obras-para-chaco-misiones-cordoba-la-pampa-y-salta-por-20-mil (accessed 28 August 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/234035/20200825 (accessed 28 August 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/227120/20200325?busqueda=1 (accessed 25 September 2020).

(i) Increased budget for public investment in road works, economic infrastructure, construction and renovation of houses, schools, kindergartens, and tourism by ARS100 billion; (ii) suspended fees and commissions for ATM operations (deposits, withdrawals, inquiries, etc.) through June 30, 2020; (iii) exempted the payment of employment contributions to sectors criticaly affected by the coronavirus pandemic; (iv) reinforced unemployment insurance; (v) ordered an extraordinary payment to the holders of the Food Card; (vi) May 1, established emergency economic assistance within the framework of the Self-Managed Work Program; (vii) May 1, declared that Emergency Family Income (IFE), Universal Child Allowance (AUH), and the Complementary Salary (SC) are not taxable as part of gross income; (viii) No amount/estimate: May 5, expanded the Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production to cover more companies and activities; (ix) No amount/estimate: May 6, increased the benefits and number of beneficiaries; (x) No amount/estimate: May 11, updated the amounts of economic aid provided under the Job Insertion Program; (xi) No amount/estimate: May 12, required Banks to refund fees associated with the National Social Security Administration (ANSES) and Emergency Family Income (IFE) benefit; (x) May 14, ARS29 billion federal program which includes the construction of 5,500 new homes, the financing of 42,900 parts that include gas, electricity and sanitary infrastructure works, the granting of microcredits for the acquisition of construction materials and the carrying out of small-scale works, as well as the conditioning of community spaces in popular neighborhoods. Estimated to generate 750 thousand direct and indirect jobs between 2020 and 2021; (xi) No amount/estimate: May 18, announced an increase of 6.12% for all retirees and pensioners according to the scale of the pyramid, which brings the minimum retirement to 16,864 pesos and the maximum credit to 113,479 pesos, also includes increases in non-contributory pensions, the Universal Child Allowance, the Universal Pregnancy Allowance and the Family Allowances; (xii) May 22, ARS21 million for the acquisition of 70,000 new computers, within the framework of the federal connectivity program "Juana Manso" that carries out the educational portfolio; (xiii) No amount/estimate: June 5, ordered payment of 3 thousand pesos for those under the Empower Work Program and did not receive IFE; (xiv) No amount/estimate: June 9, national government extended the right to double compensation for individuals who are dismissed from their jobs without just cause; (xv) No amount/estimate: June 9, exempted temporarily from payment of income tax for overtime, guards and additional personnel of Health, Armed, and Security Forces and other activities related to the health emergency; (xvi) No amount/estimate: created assistance programs for individuals with disabilities affected by COVID-19; (xvii) June 12, ARS900 million, emergency measures to face the COVID-19 pandemic and its sanitary, economic and housing consequences; (xvii) No amount/estimate: June 18, extended until September 30 the suspension of the collection of all charges to operate in ATMs; (xix) No amount/estimate: June 22, increase of ARS3000 in the monthly non-contributory financial aid under Training and Employment Insurance; (xx) June 28, ARS1.9 billion grant to province of Mendoza under the the Trust Fund for Financial Development; (xxi) June 30, ARS313 million to launch the Program to Promote Work in the province of Cordova; (xxii) July 7, ARS4 billion budget for 2020 to support the reactivation and completion of National Housing Plan projects; (xxiii) July 15, extended until October 2020 loan benefits under the Emergency Assistance to Work and Production (ATP) program for the performing arts sector; (xxiv) July 16, ARS6.4 billion for the provinces of Jujuy, La Rioja, Tierra del Fuego, and Salta under the Trust Fund for Provincial Development (FFDP); (xxv) July 27, ARS500 million for the program "Empower Work" in Chaco; (xxvi) August 7, ARS100 million for Created the Program for the Promotion of Work, Rooting and Local Supply (PROTAAL); (xxvii) August 19, ARS20 billion to rehabilitate the infrastructure projects in the provinces of Chaco, Misiones, Córdoba, La Pampa and Salta; (xxviii) August 24, an increase of 7.50% for pension benefits as of September; (xxix) September 20, utilities with up to 7 months of past-due payments from March 1 2020 onwards cannot be discontinued. [update]

Argentina 09 09 - International Assistance Provided ARS
Argentina 09A 09A - Swaps ARS
Argentina 09B 09B - International loans/grants ARS
Armenia 05B 05B - Income support AMD 30,000,000,000 61,348,610 Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/193112/pashinyan-unveils-economic-aid-package-amid-state-of-emergency/ (accessed 16 April 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: Subsidize the interest rates of co-financed loans for companies that borrow money from Armenian banks in the national currency to pay salaries, taxes, bills and purchase raw materials; (ii) a package of AMD30 billion (over USD60 million) for urgent social assistance for the impoverished. See Measure 9: No breakdown.

Armenia 09 09 - International Assistance Provided AMD
Armenia 09A 09A - Swaps AMD
Armenia 09B 09B - International loans/grants AMD
Australia 05B 05B - Income support AUD 180,759,400,000 112,396,194,843 Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-05/Overview-Economic_Response_to_the_Coronavirus_3.pdf (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/media-release/jobkeeper-update (accessed on 3 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/11-billion-support-more-mental-health-medicare-and-domestic-violence-services-0 (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Education, Skills, and Employment (DESE). https://ministers.dese.gov.au/morrison/early-childhood-education-and-care-relief-package (accessed 3 June 2020); DESE. https://ministers.dese.gov.au/tehan/response-child-care-review (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-06/Fact_sheet_HomeBuilder.pdf (accessed 5 June 2020); DESE. https://ministers.dese.gov.au/tehan/return-child-care-subsidy (accessed 10 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/250-million-jobmaker-plan-restart-australias-creative-economy (accessed 8 July 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/supporting-older-australians (accessed 8 July 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/jobtrainer-skills-package-economic-recovery-and-growth (accessed 22 July 2020); Department of the Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-07/Fact_sheet-JobKeeper_Payment_extension_0.pdf (accessed 22 July 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/jobkeeper-payment-and-income-support-extended (accessed 22 July 2020); Department of the Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-07/Fact_sheet-Income_Support_for_Individuals_1.pdf (accessed 22 July 2020); DESE. https://www.dese.gov.au/covid-19/job-seekers (accessed 30 July 2020); Australian Government. https://www.servicesaustralia.gov.au/individuals/services/centrelink/pandemic-leave-disaster-payment (accessed 06 August 2020); DESE. https://ministers.dese.gov.au/morrison/support-victorian-families-childcare-workers-and-services (accessed 06 August 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/more-support-more-businesses-and-workers (accessed 07 August 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/1b-accelerate-defence-initiatives-covid-19-recovery (accessed 26 August 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/pandemic-leave-disaster-payment-western-australia (accessed 17 September 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/investment-new-energy-technologies (accessed 17 September 2020); Australian Renewable Energy Agency https://arena.gov.au/news/arena-welcomes-new-funding/?fbclid=IwAR1IuJBObl0Qn040KT56X_erGgs5nXIYWexvJbJSJMFb_aeUdVtlSWfopfQ (accessed 17 September 2020); DESE. https://www.dese.gov.au/covid-19/childcare (accessed 21 September 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/digital-business-plan-drive-australias-economic-recovery (accessed 29 September 2020).

Three economic stimulus packages, i.e. (i) Support for individuals and households including (a) income support for individuals (AUD14,133 million), (b) payment to support households (AUD8,830 million), (c) temporary early release of superannuation (AUD1,150 million), (d) No amount/estimate, temporarily reduce superannuation minimum drawdown rates, (e) lower the social security deeming rates (AUD876 million); (ii) Support for business including (a) JobKeeper payment (AUD70,000 million), (b) boosting cash flow for employers (AUD31,900 million), (c) No amount/estimate, temporary relief for financially distressed businesses, (d) increasing the instant asset write-off (AUD700 million), (e) backing business investment (AUD3,200 million), (f) supporting apprentices and trainees (AUD1,265 million), (g) support for Coronavirus affected regions and communities (AUD1,000 million), (h) support for Australian airlines and airports (AUD715 million); (iii) March 29, AUD150 million will be provided to support Australians experiencing domestic, family and sexual violence due to the fallout from coronavirus; and (b) an additional AUD200 million will be provided to support charities and other community organisations which provide emergency and food relief as demand surges as a result of coronavirus; (iv) April 2, The Commonwealth government has committed to provide free childcare to around one million families and announced targeted support to the education system. The sector is expected to receive AUD1.6 billion over the coming three months from taxpayer subsidies. On May 20, the Ministry of Education announced an additional AUD12.8 million in funding, i.e. (a) AUD12 million provided for child care services that have more than 30% of full-time equivalent staff ineligible for JobKeeper Payments, and (b) AUD800,000 to increase the level of funding for in-home care providers; (v) June 4, The government announced a HomeBuilder program offering AUD25,000 grants to new home builders and renovators from June 4 to December 31, 2020. HomeBuilder will be implemented via a National Partnership Agreement, signed by the Commonwealth and State and Territory governments and is expected to cost AUD680 million; (vi) June 8, The government announced that it will resume the Child Care Subsidy (CCS) to support families to access affordable child care starting July 13 and will pay approximately AUD2 billion this quarter to eligible families; (vii) June 25, AUD250 million targeted package through the JobMaker plan to be implemented in the next 12 months to help restart the creative economy and get the entertainment, arts and screen sectors back to work; (viii) July 8, AUD325.7 million investment in new home care packages by the government for older Australians; (ix) July 16, AUD2 billion support for the JobTrainer package to give Australians access to new skills by retraining and upskilling them into sectors with job opportunities, as the economy recovers from COVID-19; (x) July 21, The Government is extending the JobKeeper Payment until March 2021 with a reduced payment rate. Support will be targeted to businesses (including the self-employed) and not-for-profits that continue to be significantly impacted by the coronavirus. The new arrangements for the JobKeeper Payment are expected to cost an additional AUD16.6 billion; (x) July 21, The Government will extend the payment period of the temporary Coronavirus Supplement for those on income support from September to December 2020. The new arrangements for the Coronavirus Supplement are expected to cost an additional AUD3.8 billion; (xi) No amount/estimate: July 22, Mutual obligation requirements will continue to be gradually introduced starting August 4, 2020. Job seekers must be willing to accept any offer of suitable paid work or face penalties if a job seeker refuses a job without a reasonable excuse. Mutual obligation requirements are tasks and activities agreed upon while getting certain payments from the government; (xii) August 5, The Australian Government announced the Pandemic Leave Disaster Payment support for Victorians who can't earn an income because they must self-isolate or quarantine at home or they are caring for someone with COVID-19. The support runs until February 2021. On September 16, the government has extended the payment arrangements to include Western Australia. More than AUD13.3 million in Pandemic Leave Disaster Payments has been paid for some 9,000 granted claims since 6 August [update]; (xiii) August 5, the Australian government announced that it will invest AUD33 million to provide child care relief for Victorian families. Families in Stage 4 lockdown are also entitled to receive an additional 30 days, or six weeks, of allowable absences from childcare; (xiv) August 7, the JobKeeper program was adjusted to expand employee eligibility to accommodate more firms needing the support. The adjustment is expected to cost around AUD15.6 billion in 2020-21; (xv) August 26, The government has announced a AUD1 billion investment package to boost Australia’s defence industry and support jobs across the country. The package is estimated to support around 4,000 jobs across Australia and help many small and medium sized businesses in the defence-industry supply chain; (xvi) September 17, The Australian Government announced a new total funding package of AUD1.62 billion for the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) to support Australia's clean energy transition as the country recovers from the COVID-19 pandemic; (xvii) September 20, The government will provide an additional AUD305.6 million for families and child care providers under the Child Care Recovery Package starting 28 September 2020 until 31 January 2021 [update]; (xviii) September 29, The Government announced that it will invest almost AUD800 million in a digital infrastructure package that will provide training, develop systems and establish needed infrastructure to support adoption of new technologies for businesses and consumers as part of Australia's economic recovery plan [update].

Australia 09 09 - International Assistance Provided AUD 280,000,000 174,104,000
Australia 09A 09A - Swaps AUD
Australia 09B 09B - International loans/grants AUD 280,000,000 174,104,000 Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). https://www.foreignminister.gov.au/minister/marise-payne/media-release/partnering-our-neighbours-respond-covid-19 (accessed 31 May 2020).

May 29, The Australian Government’s Partnerships for Recovery policy is redirecting over AUD280 million from the existing development program to minimize the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Pacific and Southeast Asia.

Austria 05B 05B - Income support EUR 56,045,000,000 61,996,681,416 EU Reporter. https://www.eureporter.co/frontpage/2020/09/22/commission-approves-modified-austrian-liquidity-assistance-scheme-to-support-companies-affected-by-the-coronavirus-outbreak/ (accessed 24 September 2020). European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1456 (accessed 15 August 2020). BMF. https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/august/fixkostenzuschuss-verlaengerung.html (accessed 27 August 2020). https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juli/brutto-netto-rechner.html (accessed 31 July 2020). https://www.bmafj.gv.at/Services/Presse/Presseaussendungen/PA-16-Juli-2020.html (accessed 23 July 2020). https://www.bmf.gv.at/en/press/press-releases/2020/June/16-June-2020-government-consultation--%E2%82%AC50-billion-for-rescue,-relief-and-investments-.html (accessed 20 June 2020), https://www.bmafj.gv.at/Services/Presse/Presseaussendungen/PA_17_Juni_2020.html (accessed 19 June 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juni/mwst-senkung.html (accessed 17 June 2020). https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juni/regierungsklausur.html (accessed 17 June 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/kulturpaket.html (accessed 29 May 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/haertefallfonds.html (accessed 28 May 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/gemeindepaket.html (accessed 26 May 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/fixkostenzuschuss.html, https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/kurzarbeit-mittel-erhoeht.html (both accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#A (accessed 20 May 2020); OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 24 June 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 21 May 2020).

(i) EUR15 billion emergency funds for hard-hit industries to provide direct liquidity provisions and subsidies for running costs. On April 27, expanded Phase 2 of the hardship fund, through which SMEs may request up to 6000 Euros from the government. As of September 22, the total budget for this measure has been increased to EUR19 billion; [update] (ii) EUR10 billion for payment deferrals of personal income and corporate income taxes; (iii) No amount/estimate: rent payment deferrals; (iv) No amount/estimate: May 13, proposed a more simple calculation method to determine monetary subsidies by companies to their employees from their own accounts and from the government's funding. Under the new system, no employee should have any losses; (v) May 20, Increased to EUR12 billion (from EUR10 billion on April 13 and EUR5 billion originally) funds for short-time working, self-employed and funds to finance increased costs of caretaking, etc.; (vi) May 21, EUR1.2 billion is being rolled out by authorities as new fiscal measures including tax relief measures for the hospitality sector of EUR500 million and support to non-profit organizations of EUR700 million; (vii) No amount/estimate: May 21, Applications for the fixed subsidy have already started, with the first payments being disbursed by end of May. The Ministry of Finance will reimburse up to 75% of a company's fixed costs for up to 3 months; (vii) May 25, EUR1 billion in grants from the federal government to municipalities, geared towards support for infrastructure investment (e.g. schools, public transportation, energy production); (viii) May 27, increase in the minimum payment amount of the hardship fund to EUR500, and added another EUR500 comeback bonus, dedicated to entrepreneurs having hardships during the pandemic; (ix) May 28, Allocated EUR90 million to support freelance artists up to EUR1000 a month; (x) To jump-start the economy, a new tax incentive was introduced for companies that recruit apprentices, with EUR2,000 per position created between March 16 and October 31 of this year; (xi) June 12, Reduced VAT to 5% to support the catering trade, the cultural sector and the publishing sector; (xii) June 12, Deferred taxes to January 15, 2021. (xiii) June 16, reduced the lowest income tax bracket tax level from 25% to 20%. As of July 30, this was announced to be retroactively applied from January 1, 2020. There will also be a loss carryback, with business losses being offset against profits in 2019 and 2018, so that some of the deferred taxes may not have to be paid back at all. (xiv) June 16, extended Austria's fixed cost subsidy; (xv) June 16, fiscal package was increased by EUR12 billion to include stimulus measures, including investment in climate protection, affordable housing, health, and digitalisation and a one-off support for unemployed and families. Several specific tax relief measures are aimed at the agricultural and forestry sectors, culture and publishing; (xvi) June 17, Reserved EUR30 million for childcare in the summer from the municipal package; No amount/estimate: (xvi) June 26, Allocated another EUR30 million to Family Crisis Fund to support low income families, with the amounts to be transffered on July 13. As of July 16, this amount has been increased to EUR60 million. (xviii) June 30, Increased the top tax rate of 55% for incomes from EUR1 million until 2025; (ix) July 30, an additional bonus of EUR360 per child will be given on September 30 for each family eligible for family allowance; (x) July 30, In order to relieve employees who do not receive taxable income (up to EUR11,000), the traffic tax credit has been increased from a maximum of EUR 300 to a maximum of EUR 400. This covers commuting expenses from work to home; (xi) July 30, The SV reimbursement (for social securtiy contributions) will also be increased from EUR 300 to EUR 400. This applies from the assessment for the calendar year 2020; (xii) August 6, EUR665 million Austrian scheme to support non-profit organisations (NPOs) and their related entities in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. This has been approved by the European Commission; (xiii) August 24, Extended the fixed cost subsidy for businesses, doubled the length of time it can be received and reduced application requirements. As of September 3, the rate has also been increased to 100% (versus 75% in the initial version). update]

Austria 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR
Austria 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
Austria 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Azerbaijan 05B 05B - Income support AZN 1,148,550,000 675,617,647 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Caspian News. https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/azerbaijan-takes-measures-to-mitigate-covid-19-impact-on-economy-social-life-2020-4-6-1/ (accessed 15 April 2020); European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). https://www.ebrd.com/news/2020/ebrd-and-azerbaijans-central-bank-promote-manat-lending-to-coronavirushit-firms.html (accessed 27 May 2020); Ministry of Economy. https://www.economy.gov.az/en/article/ozel-sektora-yeni-maliyye-desteyi-ve-i-qtisadiyyat-nazirinin-sahibkarlarla-onlayn-gorushunun-kechirileceyi-barede/31115 (accessed 07 August 2020); Ministry of Economy. https://www.economy.gov.az/en/article/ferdi-sahibkarlara-maliyye-desteyi-gosterilmesine-bashlanilib/31163 (accessed 12 August 2020).

(i) April 6, AZN1 billion (USD588 million) for the government's subsidization of 10% of the interest for one year of existing company loans; (ii) No amount/estimate: April, Tax exemptions for micro-enterprises and value-added tax (VAT) exemption for some food and medicinal products, as well as the raw materials that are necessary; (iii) No amount/estimate: Lump-sum payments in the amount of living wage - AZN190 (USD112) to 200,000 unemployed citizens of the country. The payment is considered for two months. The social package aims to relieve the impact of the novel coronavirus on the social life of people by multiple tools, including creation of 50,000 paid public jobs, tuition support program for students from socially vulnerable families, financial support program for mortgage and credit guarantee mechanism, program to support communal fees, primarily for electricity consumption of the population, and financial support program for vital passenger transport activities; (iv) May 19, USD50 million, or about AZN85 million (of the USD200 million swap with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)) is allocated as support to local firms, including smaller viable enterprises experiencing temporary difficulties; (v) No amount/estimate: August 6, The government announced a financial support package for pandemic-affected industries that did not implement significant reductions in the number of employees. Financial support will be paid in equal installments in two stages, covering August and September; (vi) August 11, The government announced a second phase of financial support to individual (micro) entrepreneurs. The first phase of the program has already released AZN63.55 million of cash transfers to 106,907 individual (micro) entrepreneurs.

Azerbaijan 09 09 - International Assistance Provided AZN 8,500,000 5,000,000
Azerbaijan 09A 09A - Swaps AZN
Azerbaijan 09B 09B - International loans/grants AZN 8,500,000 5,000,000 World Health Organization (WHO). http://www.euro.who.int/en/countries/azerbaijan/news/news/2020/3/azerbaijan-steps-up-covid-19-preparedness-and-readiness-measures,-welcoming-who-mission (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) March, Azerbaijan is contributing to global efforts to address COVID-19, coordinating with neighboring countries, and has pledged USD5 million to World Health Organization's strategic preparedness and response plan.

Bangladesh 05B 05B - Income support BDT 337,565,000,000 3,973,690,406 Ministry of Finance. https://mof.portal.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/mof.portal.gov.bd/page/ed9e8b19_ccba_4cca_94b1_c40013f7a760/MTMPS_2020-21_English.pdf (accessed 29 June 6). Bangladesh Bank. https://www.bb.org.bd/mediaroom/circulars/fepd/may122020fepdl20.pdf (accessed 29 June 2020).

(i) BTD20 billion, the Ministry of Finance will subsidize interest payments as mentioned in Measure 2 on working capital loans by scheduled banks to businesses; (ii) BDT12.58 billion Cash Transfer to targeted poor people; (iii)BDT8.15 billion expansion of cash allowance programs; (iv) BDT25.03 billion free food distribution; (v) BDT2.51 billion OMS of rice at 10 taka/kg; (vi) BDT21.3 billion construction of home for homeless people; (vii) BDT8.6 billion additional procurement of paddy/rice (2.0 lac ton), (viii) BDT2.0 billion Support for farm mechanization; (ix) BDT95 billion subsidy for agriculture; (x) BDT20 billion employment creation through four State owned entities; (xi) Export Development Fund has been increased by USD1.5 billion; (xii) BDT20 billion subsidy for commercial bank's suspended interest of April-May, 2020; (xiii) No amount/estimate: Expatriate Bangladeshis can get 2% incentives without showing any paper on remittance upto $5,000 (earlier $1,500) and for more than $5,000

Bangladesh 09 09 - International Assistance Provided BDT
Bangladesh 09A 09A - Swaps BDT
Bangladesh 09B 09B - International loans/grants BDT
Belgium 05B 05B - Income support EUR 9,062,200,000 10,024,557,522 European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/mex_20_1771 (accessed 2 October 2020). https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020). Belgium Government. https://news.belgium.be/fr/prise-en-compte-du-conge-parental-corona-dans-la-pension-des-membres-du-personnel-de-la-fonction (accessed 12 August 2020), https://news.belgium.be/fr/covid-19-indemnite-de-crise-supplementaire-pour-certains-independants-et-conjoints-aidants-reconnus (accessed 25 July 2020), https://news.belgium.be/fr/financement-de-skeyes-suite-la-pandemie-due-au-covid-19 (accessed 18 July 2020). Federale Overheidsdienst Financien. https://financien.belgium.be/nl/Actueel/update-covid-19-verlenging-van-de-termijn-van-vrijstelling-van-rechten-en-btw-bij-invoer-op (accessed 30 July 2020). https://financien.belgium.be/nl/Actueel/vrijgestelde-reserve-ter-versterking-van-de-solvabiliteit-en-het-eigen-vermogen-ten-gevolge (accessed 2 July 2020). Service Public Federal Finances. https://finances.belgium.be/fr/douanes_accises/entreprises/corona-informations-et-mesures/mesures-de-soutien-relatives-aux-d%c3%a9lais (accessed 26 June 2020), https://finances.belgium.be/fr/Actualites/diminution-temporaire-taux-tva-secteur-horeca (accessed 14 June 2020). European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/2020-european-semester-stability-programme-belgium_fr.pdf (accessed 24 May 2020).

(i) On the other hand, non-health initiatives total EUR9 billion, with EUR5.3 billion for federal and EUR3.7 billion for regional; (ii) April 3, exemptions from VAT and import duties for goods needed to mitigate the effects of COVID-19 were granted. As of July 23, this measure has been extended until October 31, 2020; (iii) In addition, reduced the VAT rate applicable to some restaurant and catering services to 6% until the end of 2020; (iv) June 9, Support measures relating to payment periods have been approved, and extension of the payment periods for VAT and Excessive Duties extend to December 31; (v) June 26, Temporary exemption from corporate tax based on losses incurred during the next tax period; (vi) July 10, EUR45 million in grants to skeyes (Belgian air navigation service) to ensure the operational and financial sustainability of the public enterprise in 2020; (vii) July 10, An advanced payment of EUR15 million was made to skeyes (Belgian air navigation service) for terminal fees for the latter half of the year; (viii) No amount/estimate: July 17, Additional crisis allowance for certain self-employed persons and assisting spouses recognized as incapacitated for work due to the containment measures; (ix) July 24, Considered coronavirus parental leaves in computing for the pension of the civil service; (x) September 29, The European Commission has approved Belgium's plan to grant EUR2.2 million in support to the airports of Ostend, Antwerp and Kortrijk. The funding from the Government will be used as direct grants and cost/fee deferrals. [update]

Belgium 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR
Belgium 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
Belgium 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Bhutan 05B 05B - Income support BTN/INR 30,000,000,000 403,680,518 Official Statement from the Office of the Prime Minister of Bhutan (PMO). https://bit.ly/2yrZXYx (accessed 13 April 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/3b6ygCh (accessed 6 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/3efwMrR (accessed 18 June 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/3ggtGo2 (accessed 1 July 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/39oW0lW (accessed 20 July 2020).

April, The National Resilience Fund has been approved and established. With a fund size amounting to about BTN30 billion, the resources will support the implementation of the following activities: (i) Grant of the Druk Gyalpo’s Relief Kidu to people who have been laid off or placed on reduced salaries to provide them immediate financial support. April 30, The Druk Gyalpo's Relief Kidu has granted BTN150 million as the first disbursement of the Relief Kidu to 13,006 people. On June 26, the government announced that the Druk Gyalpo Relief Kidu will continue from July to September 2020, however, with revision in amounts. The Relief Kidu has granted about BTN700 million between April and June 2020 to over 23,000 affected people ; (ii) Interest waiver (50% of cost) - effective May 1, the Royal Monetary Authority announced that the interest waiver would also be extended to non-performing loan accounts for a period of three months (April–June). The government will finance 50% of the total interest payment and the financial institutions offered to support the other 50%. On June 11, The government handed over the e-fund payment to financial service providers for loan interest waiver for the month of April. The government is financing 50% of the interest waiver amounting to BTN625.96 million (Total amount of the interest waiver for April stands at BTN1.2 billion). On June 26, the government announced to further extend interest waiver for another nine months for loans availed as of April 10, 2020. Full interest waiver will be granted from July to September 2020, followed by a partial interest waiver (50%) from October 2020 to March 2021. The cost of interest payment for the nine months is estimated at BTN7.5 billion and will be fully granted from the National Resilience Fund ; (iii) Fast-track the implementation of the 12th Five Year Plan and wherever possible frontload the investments. June 26, In order to support front-loading of capital investments, procurement guidelines will be simplified including preferential treatment for local goods; (iv) Business income tax (BIT) and corporate income tax (CIT) filing and tax payment for the income year 2019 will be deferred until June 30. June 26, targeted tax deferments will be provided over the next six to 12 months; (v) Deferred payment of sales tax and customs duty on essential items (March–June); (vi) Waiver of payment of rent and other charges (April–June) by tourism-related business entities leasing government properties. June 26, rental waivers will be provided over the next six to 12 months; (vii) May 25, The government will be refunding the 5% sales tax collected on telecom services collected on or after January 16, 2020; (viii) No amount/estimate: July 1, Launched the Economic Contingency Plan (ECP) Series I, which aims to help various sectors, including tourism, agriculture, construction and improvement of farm roads.

Bhutan 09 09 - International Assistance Provided BTN/INR
Bhutan 09A 09A - Swaps BTN/INR
Bhutan 09B 09B - International loans/grants BTN/INR
Brazil 05B 05B - Income support BRL 241,083,372,727 49,369,772,914 Institute of International Finance (IIF) https://www.iif.com/Portals/0/Files/Databases/COVID-19_responses.pdf?ver=2020-04-24-173749-083 (Accessed 29 April 2020). Ministry of Finance https://www.gov.br/economia/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/2020/junho/tesouro-atualiza-o-manual-para-instrucao-de-pleitos-e-inclui-orientacoes-relacionadas-a-ajuda-contra-a-covid-19 (accessed June 25). Ministry of Economy https://www.gov.br/economia/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/2020/junho/governo-federal-anuncia-prorrogacao-do-auxilio-emergencial-por-mais-dois-meses (accessed 1 July 2020). Ministry of Economy https://www.gov.br/economia/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/2020/julho/reducao-do-iof-sobre-operacoes-de-credito-e-prorrogada-por-mais-90-dias (accessed 12 July 2020). Ministry of Economy https://www.gov.br/economia/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/2020/julho/receita-e-pgfn-prorrogam-por-mais-30-dias-prazo-de-validade-de-certidoes-conjuntas (accessed 20 July 2020). Ministry of Economy https://www.gov.br/economia/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/2020/julho/governo-utilizara-plataforma-brasil-para-operacionalizar-os-recursos-da-lei-aldir-blanc (accessed 6 August 2020). Ministry of Infrastructure https://www.gov.br/infraestrutura/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/ultimas-noticias/presidente-sanciona-lei-com-medidas-para-beneficiar-transporte-aereo (accessed 7 August 2020)

(i) Announced a comprehensive fiscal package worth USD30 billion, that includes expansion and front-loading of social assistance/benefit payments; (ii) expanding the Bolsa Familia program with the inclusion of over 1 million more beneficiaries, cash transfers to informal and unemployed workers, and advance payments of salary bonuses to low income workers; (iii) USD1.5 billion to finance two months of payroll for firms impacted by COVID-19; (iv) Announced several measures, which include bringing forward the 13th pension payment to retirees, expanding the Bolsa Familia program, providing an emergency cash transfer to households; and (v) Introducing temporary tax breaks and credit lines through the state-owned banks, lowering taxes and import levies on essential medical supplies, and assisting state and local governments; (vi) June 23, the Ministry of Economy suspends for up to 6 months payment to the Board of Trustees of the Severance Pay Fund (FGTS) from private urban public transport companies; the impact of suspended payments is approximately BRL51 million (see Category 3B for link); (vii) No amount/estimate; June 19, the National Treasury updated the Manual for Instruction of Claims (MIP) to include specific guidelines and procedures under the Complementary Law No. 173/2020 that established the Federative Program to Combat Coronoavirus and altered the Fiscal Responsiblity Law (LRF) by waiving limits placed on "the Union, the States, the Federal District and Municipalities" in the event of a "public calamity"; (viii) June 30, the Ministry of Economy announced extension of emergency aid for another 2 months to 64.3 million Brazilians, who receive an additional BRL600 per month (total = 64.3 million x BRL600 x 2 months = BRL77.16 billion; (ix) July 3, the Ministry of Economy announced a reduction in the IOF tax rate on credit operations had been extended 90 days; the estimated tax waiver for the 90 days is BRL7.051 billion; (x) July 14, the Ministry of Economy announced extension of the validity period of Negative Debt Certificates (CND) and Positive Certificates with Negative Effects (CNEND) for another 30 days, both relating to federal tax credits; (xi) July 29, Ministry of Economy announced the Aldir Blanc Law that provides amergency aid of BRL600 for people working in cultural establishments such as independent theaters, circuses, cinema clubs, cultural spaces in indigenous areas and popular festivals; total estimated expense is BRL3 billion; (xii) No amount/estimate; August 6, Ministry of Infrastructure announced cancellation of the USD18 per ticket International Boarding Fare, starting in 2021;

Brazil 09 09 - International Assistance Provided BRL