Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Australia 05A 05A - Health support AUD 135,620,700,000 84,328,951,202 Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/24-billion-health-plan-fight-covid-19 (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/news/covid-19-supporting-senior-australians-and-those-who-care-for-them (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/senator-the-hon-richard-colbeck/media/new-covid-19-payment-to-keep-senior-australians-in-residential-aged-care-safe (accessed 3 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/11-billion-support-more-mental-health-medicare-and-domestic-violence-services-0 (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/3-million-to-boost-the-national-coordinated-covid-19-research-response (accessed 3 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister of Australia. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/update-coronavirus-measures-15may20 (accessed on 20 May 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/additional-20-million-for-mental-health-and-suicide-prevention-research (accessed 26 May 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/commonwealth-and-states-sign-131-billion-five-year-hospitals-agreement (accessed 4 June 2020).

(i) March 11, The Australian Government has unveiled a comprehensive AUD2.4 billion health package to protect all Australians, including vulnerable groups such as the elderly, those with chronic conditions and Indigenous communities, from the coronavirus (COVID-19); (ii) March 21, The National Cabinet announced additional funding of AUD444.6 million for the aged care sector to ensure the continuity of the aged care workforce. May 5, The Australian Government is providing an additional AUD205 million in specific COVID-19 aged care funding; (iii) March 29, A safety net package of AUD1.1billion has been announced by the Prime Minister to expand mental health and tele-health services, increase domestic violence services and provide more emergency food relief; (iv) April 15, AUD3 million further funding to support frontline health workers with training and information on the treatment of coronavirus; (v) May 15, The government announced AUD48.1 million funding for the National Mental Health and Wellbeing Pandemic Response Plan; (vi) May 25, An additional AUD20 million is announced for Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Research; (vii) May 29, The Commonwealth will invest an estimated AUD131.4 billion in the new 2020‑25 National Health Reform Agreement to provide additional funding to public hospitals over five years from 2020–21 [update].

Austria 05A 05A - Health support EUR 339,000,000 375,000,000 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) Additional capacities for mobile and stationary care (EUR100 million); (ii) EUR60 million are granted to the health system; (iii) EUR 130 million are given to hospitals for equipment and to finance over-time payments; (iv) EUR36 million are disbursed to incentivize eligible research on COVID-19 by Austrian firms; (v) EUR13 million on medical supplies.

Belgium 05A 05A - Health support EUR 1,200,000,000 1,327,433,628 European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/2020-european-semester-stability-programme-belgium_fr.pdf (accessed 24 May 2020).

Of the total packages, around EUR1.2 billion are dedicated to health initiatives, with EUR1 billion for federal intiatives and EUR0.2 billion for regional.

Canada 05A 05A - Health support CAD 77,500,000 55,545,601 Department of Finance Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/news/2020/05/government-provides-tariff-relief-to-importers-of-certain-medical-goods.html (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) CAD77.5 million- Personal protective equipment (PPE).

Denmark 05A 05A - Health support DKK 950,000,000 140,646,408 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 30 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020)

(i) March 30, DKK150 million in aubsidies provided to health research specifically related to COVID-19; (ii) Recently an additional DKK 0.8 billion has been allocated to hire more social and health workers nationwide. [update]

European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 3,880,000,000 4,292,035,398 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion) from the EU budget.

Finland 05A 05A - Health support EUR 1,005,000,000 1,111,725,664 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 April 2020).

March 20, (i) EUR1 billion for healthcare and testing, protection and medical equipment, public safety and border controls, and research on the coronavirus epidemic, in particular to develop methods for rapid diagnostics and vaccines and a knowledge base for timely decision-making on coronavirus measures, (especially on the exit strategy; (ii) EUR5 million contribution to international non-profit companies working on the development of a COVID-19 vaccine.

France 05A 05A - Health support EUR 8,310,000,000 9,192,477,876 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR260 million (from the unspent reserves in the 2019 budget) and EUR3.5 billion from the (2020 budget allocation for the healthcare system); (ii) EUR4.5 billion of additional funds for the purchase of equipment and other health expenses; (iii) creation of an additional emergency fund of EUR50 million for research on COVID-19.

Germany 05A 05A - Health support EUR 70,800,000,000 78,318,584,071 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/EN/Pressemitteilungen/2020/2020-03-23-supplementary-budget.html (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry of Health. https://www.bundesgesundheitsministerium.de/coronavirus.html (accessed 8 June 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR3.5 billion for emergency measures, such as procuring protective suits and masks, funding for development of a vaccine and treatment, support services provided by the Federal Armed Forces, assistance for German and European Union citizens abroad, and public outreach to keep the population informed; (ii) EUR55 billion funds made available for further pandemic control projects; (iii) EUR2.8 billion will be provided by the Federal government as additional funding for hospitals to balance losses due to rescheduled surgeries and to increase intensive care unit (ICU) capacity; (iv) June 3, the government decided on a new stimulus package which includes EUR9.5 billion to strengthen health care, by investing in local health offices, more modern hospitals, sufficient medicines, and protective equipment [update].

Ireland 05A 05A - Health support EUR 1,005,000,000 1,111,725,664 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) Extra funding of EUR1 billion (0.5% of GNI) to the Health Service Executive for improving capacity in the health service; (ii) EUR5 million allocate for 26 COVID-19 research projects.

Italy 05A 05A - Health support EUR 6,450,000,000 7,134,955,752 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020); Milano Today. https://www.milanotoday.it/attualita/coronavirus/decreto-rilancio.html#13 (24 May 2020).

(i) EUR3.2 billion for the national health service and to support civil protection; (ii) EUR3.25 billion for healthcare as part of the additional additional EUR55 billion rescue package announced on 13 May .

Japan 05A 05A - Health support JPY
Luxembourg 05A 05A - Health support EUR 194,000,000 214,601,770 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 9 May 2020).

Additional expenditures in the context of health and crisis management, notably for the procurement of medical equipment and infrastructure (up to EUR194 million).

Netherlands 05A 05A - Health support EUR
New Zealand 05A 05A - Health support NZD 500,000,000 302,407,161 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 5 June 2020).

(i) April, NZD0.5 billion (0.2% of GDP) for healthcare-related spending to reinforce capacity; (ii) No amount/estimate: March 28, The government announced the temporary removal of tariffs on all medical and hygiene imports needed for the COVID-19 response.

Norway 05A 05A - Health support NOK 1,100,000,000 107,630,418 Ministry of Finance. https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/economic-measures-in-norway-in-response-to-covid-192/id2695355/ (accessed 12 Apr2020).

NOK1.1 billion for critical sectors: Health and social services have been given permission to exceed their budgets.

Portugal 05A 05A - Health support EUR 696,000,000 769,911,504 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 9 May 2020).

(i) March 12, EUR296 million to increase the capacity of the health sector; (ii) May 14, over EUR400 million per month (0.2% GDP) of additional resources for the national health service.

Spain 05A 05A - Health support EUR 4,316,000,000 4,774,336,283 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (14 May 2020).

(i) March 12, Budget support from the contingency fund to the Ministry of Health (EUR1.4 billion); (ii) March 12, Advance transfer to the regions for regional health services (EUR2.87 billion); (iii) March 17, Additional funding for research related to the development of drugs and vaccines for COVID-19 (EUR46 million); (iv) No amount/estimate: April 7, Exemption of fees in procedures for the authorization of clinical trials for research for medicines related to COVID-19; (v) No amount/estimate: Reduction of value-added tax (VAT) applicable to the supply of medical equipment from national producers to public entities, non-profit organizations and hospital centres to 0%, in line with the EU.

Sweden 05A 05A - Health support SEK 47,450,000,000 4,824,434,311 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (21 May 2020); Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/health-coronavirus-sweden-testing/swedish-government-pledges-5-9-billion-sek-for-more-virus-testing-idUSL8N2DH3GO (accessed 6 June 2020).

(i) SEK3 billion compensation to municipalities and regions for extraordinary measures and extra costs in health and medical care (raised on 2 April from initial SEK2 billion); (ii) April 2, SEK20 billion additional grants to municipalities and regions in 2020, up from SEK5 billion previously planned, of which SEK12.5 billion will be permanent; (iii) May 7: (a) Extended reimbursement for the first day of sickness SEK3.2 billion), (b) extended reimbursement for the first day of sickness , (c) Continued suspension of medical certificate requirement (SEK1.1 billion), (d) Central government responsibility for sick pay costs extended and adjusted (SEK9 billion), and (e) financial support to sick self-employed (SEK250 million) ; (iv) May 11, New measures to strengthen health elderly care (SEK5 billion); (v) June 4, The government is pledging an additional SEK5.9 billion for additional virus testing [update].

Switzerland 05A 05A - Health support CHF/CHE/CHW
Turkey 05A 05A - Health support TRY
Turkmenistan 05A 05A - Health support TMT
United Kingdom 05A 05A - Health support GBP 10,084,000,000 12,485,023,318 Office for Budget Responsibility. https://obr.uk/download/coronavirus-reference-scenario-charts-tables/ (accessed 3 May 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/funding-and-manufacturing-boost-for-uk-vaccine-programme (accessed 24 May 2020).

(i) April, GBP10 billion for the National Health Service (NHS) and other public services to tackle the virus; (ii) May 17, UK’s top researchers rapidly working to find a coronavirus vaccine will benefit from GBP84 million of new government funding.

United States 05A 05A - Health support USD 163,138,000,000 163,138,000,000 Bloomberg. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-03-25/what-s-in-congress-2-trillion-coronavirus-stimulus-package; US Congress. https://www.congress.gov/116/plaws/publ123/PLAW-116publ123.pdf; US Congress. https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/6201/text (all accessed 16 April 2020).

(i) The Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act supports the following: (a) USD61 million salaries and expenses to prevent, prepare, and respond to coronavirus domestically and internationally; (b) USD20 million for expenses to carry out the disaster loan program; (c) USD2.2 billion support to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention; (d) USD836 million for the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases; (e) USD3.4 billion for Public Health and Social Services Emergency Fund; (f) USD264 million fund for the diplomatic program to respond to the coronavirus; (g) USD1 million for the OIG as oversight of said program; (h) USD435 million for global health; (i) USD300 million for international disaster assistance; and (j) USD250 million support for the prevention of the virus; (ii) The Families First Coronavirus Response Act includes (a) USD500 million to supplement nutrition for women and children; (b) USD400 million for emergency food assistance program; (c) USD82 million for defense health program; (d) USD15 million for tax payer services in carrying out Family First Response Act; (e) USD64 million for Indian health services; (f) USD250 million for aging and disability services; (g) USD1 billion for public health; (h) USD30 million for medical services; and (i) USD30 million for medical community care; (iii) The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act supports (a) USD126 billion for hospital restitution and health care; and (b) USD27 billion for vaccines.

Australia 05A 05A - Health support AUD 5,554,600,000 3,453,850,278 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 May 2020).

April, The Commonwealth government has (i) committed to spend almost an extra AUD5 billion (0.3% of GDP) to strengthen the health system and protect the vulnerable people, including those in aged care, from the outbreak of COVID-19; and (ii) introduced temporary measures to ensure the continuity of aged care, amounting to an additional AUD544.6 million.

Austria 05A 05A - Health support EUR 339,000,000 375,000,000 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) Additional capacities for mobile and stationary care (EUR100 million); (ii) EUR60 million are granted to the health system; (iii) EUR 130 million are given to hospitals for equipment and to finance over-time payments; (iv) EUR36 million are disbursed to incentivize eligible research on COVID-19 by Austrian firms; (v) EUR13 million on medical supplies.

Belgium 05A 05A - Health support EUR
Canada 05A 05A - Health support CAD 50,000,000 35,835,872 Dept. of Finance. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/news/2020/05/government-provides-tariff-relief-to-importers-of-certain-medical-goods.html

(i) CAD50 million- Personal protective equipment (PPE)

Denmark 05A 05A - Health support DKK 150,000,000 22,207,328 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 30 April 2020).

March 30, DKK150 million in subsidies provided to health research specifically related to COVID-19.

European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 3,880,000,000 4,292,035,398 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion from the EU budget).

Finland 05A 05A - Health support EUR 1,005,000,000 1,111,725,664 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020).

March 20, (i) EUR1 billion for healthcare and testing, protection and medical equipment, public safety and border controls, and research on the coronavirus epidemic, in particular to develop methods for rapid diagnostics and vaccines and a knowledge base for timely decision-making on coronavirus measures, (especially on the exit strategy; (ii) EUR5 million contribution to international non-profit companies working on the development of a COVID-19 vaccine.

France 05A 05A - Health support EUR 8,310,000,000 9,192,477,876 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR260 million (from the unspent reserves in the 2019 budget) and EUR3.5 billion from the (2020 budget allocation for the healthcare system; (Iii) EUR4.5 billion of additional funds for the purchase of equipment and other health expenses; (iv) creation of an additional emergency fund of EUR50 million for research on Covid-19.

Germany 05A 05A - Health support EUR 61,300,000,000 67,809,734,513 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/EN/Pressemitteilungen/2020/2020-03-23-supplementary-budget.html (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 17 April 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR3.5 billion for emergency measures, such as procuring protective suits and masks, funding for development of a vaccine and treatment, support services provided by the Federal Armed Forces, assistance for German and European Union citizens abroad, and public outreach to keep the population informed; (ii) EUR55 billion funds made available for further pandemic control projects; and (iii) EUR2.8 billion will be provided by the Federal government as additional funding for hospitals to balance losses due to rescheduled surgeries and to increase intensive care unit (ICU) capacity.

Ireland 05A 05A - Health support EUR 1,005,000,000 1,111,725,664 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) Extra funding of EUR1 billion (0.5% of GNI) to the Health Service Executive for improving capacity in the health service; (ii) EUR5 million allocate for 26 COVID-19 research projects.

Italy 05A 05A - Health support EUR 3,200,000,000 3,539,823,009 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020).

EUR3.2 billion for the national health service and to support civil protection.

Japan 05A 05A - Health support JPY
Luxembourg 05A 05A - Health support EUR 194,000,000 214,601,770 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 9 May 2020).

Additional expenditures in the context of health and crisis management, notably for the procurement of medical equipment and infrastructure (up to EUR194 million).

Netherlands 05A 05A - Health support EUR
New Zealand 05A 05A - Health support NZD 500,000,000 302,407,161 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 May 2020).

(i) April, NZD0.5 billion (0.2% of GDP) for healthcare-related spending to reinforce capacity; (ii) No amount/estimate: March 28, The government announced the temporary removal of tariffs on all medical and hygiene imports needed for the COVID-19 response.

Norway 05A 05A - Health support NOK 1,100,000,000 107,630,418 Ministry of Finance. https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/economic-measures-in-norway-in-response-to-covid-192/id2695355/ (accessed 12 Apr2020).

NOK1.1 billion for critical sectors: Health and social services have been given permission to exceed their budgets.