Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Australia 05A 05A - Health support AUD 135,827,000,000 84,457,228,542 Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/24-billion-health-plan-fight-covid-19 (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/news/covid-19-supporting-senior-australians-and-those-who-care-for-them (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/senator-the-hon-richard-colbeck/media/new-covid-19-payment-to-keep-senior-australians-in-residential-aged-care-safe (accessed 3 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/11-billion-support-more-mental-health-medicare-and-domestic-violence-services-0 (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/3-million-to-boost-the-national-coordinated-covid-19-research-response (accessed 3 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister of Australia. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/update-coronavirus-measures-15may20 (accessed on 20 May 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/additional-20-million-for-mental-health-and-suicide-prevention-research (accessed 26 May 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/commonwealth-and-states-sign-131-billion-five-year-hospitals-agreement (accessed 4 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/additional-funding-to-reinforce-australias-aged-care-sector (accessed 1 September 2020).

(i) March 11, The Australian Government has unveiled a comprehensive AUD2.4 billion health package to protect all Australians, including vulnerable groups such as the elderly, those with chronic conditions and Indigenous communities, from the coronavirus (COVID-19); (ii) March 21, The National Cabinet announced additional funding of AUD444.6 million for the aged care sector to ensure the continuity of the aged care workforce. May 5, The Australian Government is providing an additional AUD205 million in specific COVID-19 aged care funding. August 31, an additional AUD563.3 million has been allocated to the aged care sector [update]; (iii) March 29, (a) AUD669 million will be provided to expand Medicare-subsidised telehealth services for all Australians, with extra incentives to GPs and other health practitioners also delivered; and (b) AUD74 million will be provided to support the mental health and wellbeing of all Australians; (iv) April 15, AUD3 million further funding to support frontline health workers with training and information on the treatment of coronavirus; (v) May 15, The government announced AUD48.1 million funding for the National Mental Health and Wellbeing Pandemic Response Plan; (vi) May 25, An additional AUD20 million is announced for Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Research; (vii) May 29, The Commonwealth will invest an estimated AUD131.4 billion in the new 2020‑25 National Health Reform Agreement to provide additional funding to public hospitals over five years from 2020–21.

Austria 05A 05A - Health support EUR 339,000,000 375,000,000 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) Additional capacities for mobile and stationary care (EUR100 million); (ii) EUR60 million are granted to the health system; (iii) EUR 130 million are given to hospitals for equipment and to finance over-time payments; (iv) EUR36 million are disbursed to incentivize eligible research on COVID-19 by Austrian firms; (v) EUR13 million on medical supplies.

Belgium 05A 05A - Health support EUR 1,200,000,000 1,327,433,628 European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/2020-european-semester-stability-programme-belgium_fr.pdf (accessed 24 May 2020).

Of the total packages, around EUR1.2 billion are dedicated to health initiatives, with EUR1 billion for federal intiatives and EUR0.2 billion for regional.

Canada 05A 05A - Health support CAD 77,500,000 55,545,601 Department of Finance Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/news/2020/05/government-provides-tariff-relief-to-importers-of-certain-medical-goods.html (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) CAD77.5 million - Personal protective equipment (PPE).

Denmark 05A 05A - Health support DKK 2,350,000,000 347,914,799 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 30 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020). Denmark government. https://sim.dk/nyheder/nyhedsarkiv/2020/jul/kommunerne-faar-8-9-mia-kr-ekstra-udbetalt-efter-covid-19/ (accessed 2 July 2020)

(i) March 30, DKK150 million in subsidies provided to health research specifically related to COVID-19; (ii) Recently an additional DKK 0.8 billion has been allocated to hire more social and health workers nationwide; (iii) July 1, DKK1.4 billion disbursed to municipalities for protective equipment and extra cleaning.

Finland 05A 05A - Health support EUR 1,005,000,000 1,111,725,664 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 April 2020).

March 20, (i) EUR1 billion for healthcare and testing, protection and medical equipment, public safety and border controls, and research on the coronavirus epidemic, in particular to develop methods for rapid diagnostics and vaccines and a knowledge base for timely decision-making on coronavirus measures, (especially on the exit strategy; (ii) EUR5 million contribution to international non-profit companies working on the development of a COVID-19 vaccine.

France 05A 05A - Health support EUR 8,310,000,000 9,192,477,876 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR260 million (from the unspent reserves in the 2019 budget) and EUR3.5 billion from the (2020 budget allocation for the healthcare system); (ii) EUR4.5 billion of additional funds for the purchase of equipment and other health expenses; (iii) creation of an additional emergency fund of EUR50 million for research on COVID-19.

Germany 05A 05A - Health support EUR 71,695,000,000 79,308,628,319 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://bit.ly/311YswO (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry of Health. https://www.bundesgesundheitsministerium.de/coronavirus.html (accessed 8 June 2020); Die Bundesregierung. With a total of 45 million euros, the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) is strengthening research into effective strategies and therapies against the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and the disease Covid-19 (accessed 25 July 2020); Die Bundesregierung. bundesregierung (accessed 1 August 2020) ; Die Bundesregierung. https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/aktuelles/bund-laender-beschluesse-1780542 (accessed 29 August 2020); Die Bundesrgierung. https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/aktuelles/pflegebonus-1782446 (accessed 5 September 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR3.5 billion for emergency measures, such as procuring protective suits and masks, funding for development of a vaccine and treatment, support services provided by the Federal Armed Forces, assistance for German and European Union citizens abroad, and public outreach to keep the population informed; (ii) EUR55 billion funds made available for further pandemic control projects; (iii) EUR2.8 billion will be provided by the Federal government as additional funding for hospitals to balance losses due to rescheduled surgeries and to increase intensive care unit (ICU) capacity; (iv) June 3, the government decided on a new stimulus package which includes EUR9.5 billion to strengthen health care, by investing in local health offices, more modern hospitals, sufficient medicines, and protective equipment; (v) July 20, A total of EUR45 million is allocated by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) to strengthen research into effective strategies and therapies against the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and the disease COVID-19; (vi) July 29, EUR750 million for the special vaccine development program; (vii) No amount/estimate: August 27, To relieve families in the COVID-19 pandemic, children's sickness benefit is to be paid for five additional days per parent in 2020, and for single parents for ten additional days [update]; (viii) September 4, Bonus of up to GBP1000 for nurses in hospitals who were stressed by caring for COVID-19 patients. For this purpose, EUR100 million are made available [update].

Ireland 05A 05A - Health support EUR 1,205,000,000 1,332,964,602 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020); DBE. https://dbei.gov.ie/en/News-And-Events/Department-News/2020/June/04062020b.html (accessed 29 June 2020).

(i) Extra funding of EUR1 billion (0.5% of GNI) to the Health Service Executive for improving capacity in the health service; (ii) EUR5 million allocate for 26 COVID-19 research projects; (iii) June 4th, EUR200 million for the COVID Products Scheme, a grant aid for companies developing or producing medicinal products used in the fight against COVID-19

Italy 05A 05A - Health support EUR 11,450,000,000 12,665,929,204 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020); Milano Today. https://www.milanotoday.it/attualita/coronavirus/decreto-rilancio.html#13 (24 May 2020);

(i) EUR3.2 billion for the national health service and to support civil protection; (ii) EUR3.25 billion for healthcare as part of the additional additional EUR55 billion rescue package announced on 13 May; (iii) May 15, EUR5 billion support to the health sector under the Relaunch Decree.

Japan 05A 05A - Health support JPY
Luxembourg 05A 05A - Health support EUR 194,000,000 214,601,770 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 9 May 2020).

Additional expenditures in the context of health and crisis management, notably for the procurement of medical equipment and infrastructure (up to EUR194 million).

Netherlands 05A 05A - Health support EUR
New Zealand 05A 05A - Health support NZD 500,000,000 302,407,161 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).

(i) April, NZD0.5 billion (0.2% of GDP) for healthcare-related spending to reinforce capacity; (ii) No amount/estimate: March 28, The government announced the temporary removal of tariffs on all medical and hygiene imports needed for the COVID-19 response.

Norway 05A 05A - Health support NOK 1,100,000,000 107,630,418 Ministry of Finance. https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/economic-measures-in-norway-in-response-to-covid-192/id2695355/ (accessed 12 Apr2020).

NOK1.1 billion for critical sectors: Health and social services have been given permission to exceed their budgets.

Portugal 05A 05A - Health support EUR 730,400,000 807,964,602 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 9 May 2020). Government of Portugal. https://www.portugal.gov.pt/pt/gc22/comunicacao/noticia?i=setor-de-medicina-intensiva-reforcado-com-26-milhoes-de-euros (accessed 22 August 2020). Servico Nacional de Saude. https://www.sns.gov.pt/noticias/2020/08/24/covid-19-expansao-da-capacidade-laboratorial/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=covid-19-expansao-da-capacidade-laboratorial (accessed 28 August 2020).

(i) March 12, EUR296 million to increase the capacity of the health sector; (ii) May 14, over EUR400 million per month (0.2% GDP) of additional resources for the national health service; (iv) August 10, EUR8.4 million to double virus testing capacity; [update] (iv) August 20, EUR26 million for intensive care medicine.

Spain 05A 05A - Health support EUR 7,064,900,000 7,815,154,867 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (14 May 2020); La Moncloa. https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/consejodeministros/referencias/Paginas/2020/refc20200707.aspx (accessed 11 July 2020); La Moncloa. https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/presidente/actividades/Paginas/2020/090720-sanchezciencia.aspx (accessed 18 July 2020); Ministerio de Hacienda. https://www.hacienda.gob.es/en-GB/Prensa/En%20Portada/2020/Paginas/20200804_IVA_MATERIAL_SANITARIO.aspx (accessed 6 August 2020); La Moncloa. https://bit.ly/3klQJ3D (accessed 8 August 2020); Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Tourism. https://www.mincotur.gob.es/es-es/GabinetePrensa/NotasPrensa/2020/Paginas/200717nP_linea-ayudas-COVID.aspx (accessed 15 August 2020).

(i) March 12, Budget support from the contingency fund to the Ministry of Health (EUR1.4 billion); (ii) March 12, Advance transfer to the regions for regional health services (EUR2.87 billion); (iii) March 17, Additional funding for research related to the development of drugs and vaccines for COVID-19 (EUR46 million); (iv) No amount/estimate: April 7, Exemption of fees in procedures for the authorization of clinical trials for research for medicines related to COVID-19; (v) No amount/estimate: Reduction of value-added tax (VAT) applicable to the supply of medical equipment from national producers to public entities, non-profit organizations and hospital centres to 0%, in line with the EU; (vi) July 7, Acquisition of COVID related health material (EUR22 million); (vi) July 9, Shock Plan for Science and Innovation is announced, which includes an allocation of EUR215.9 million for Health Research and Innovation; (vii) July 17, The Ministry of Industry allocates EUR11 million in subsidies to companies that invest in the manufacture of medical devices related to COVID-19; (viii) No amount/estimate: August 4, The Treasury extends until October 31 the 0% value-added tax on medical supplies to combat COVID-19; (ix) August 5, A framework agreement is set to acquire health material and personal protective equipment for the National Health System for a value of more than EUR2.5 billion.

Sweden 05A 05A - Health support SEK 47,532,000,000 4,832,771,584 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (21 May 2020); Reuters. https://reut.rs/30VEIuC (accessed 6 June 2020); Ministry of Social Affairs. https://www.regeringen.se/pressmeddelanden/2020/06/82-miljoner-for-tillsyn-av-tillfalliga-smittskyddsatgarder-pa-serveringsstallen/ (accessed 9 July 2020).

(i) SEK3 billion compensation to municipalities and regions for extraordinary measures and extra costs in health and medical care (raised on 2 April from initial SEK2 billion); (ii) April 2, SEK20 billion additional grants to municipalities and regions in 2020, up from SEK5 billion previously planned, of which SEK12.5 billion will be permanent; (iii) May 7: (a) Extended reimbursement for the first day of sickness (SEK3.2 billion), (b) continued suspension of medical certificate requirement (SEK1.1 billion), (c) central government responsibility for sick pay costs extended and adjusted (SEK9 billion), and (d) financial support to sick self-employed (SEK250 million); (iv) May 11, New measures to strengthen health elderly care (SEK5 billion); (v) June 4, The government is pledging an additional SEK5.9 billion for additional virus testing; (vi) June 26, SEK82 million is paid out to municipalities, regions, and the country administrative board in Stockholm for the supervision of temporary infection control measures at serving places. The Act on Temporary Infection Protection Measures at Serving Places comes into force on July 1.

Switzerland 05A 05A - Health support CHF/CHE/CHW 588,500,000 614,650,450 Federal Council. https://www.admin.ch/gov/en/start/documentation/media-releases.msg-id-79584.html (accessed 29 June 2020). Federal Council. https://www.admin.ch/gov/en/start/documentation/media-releases.msg-id-80005.html (accessed 11 July 2020). Federal Council. https://www.admin.ch/gov/en/start/documentation/media-releases.msg-id-80051.html (accessed 15 August 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: June 24, Federal government will assume the cost of testing for COVID-19 and eliminates the retention fee for patients; (ii) July 8, CHF300 million for procurement of 4.5 million doses of vaccine from Moderna; (iii) August 12, CHF288.5 million government will assume all costs of COVID-19 testing.

Turkey 05A 05A - Health support TRY
United Kingdom 05A 05A - Health support GBP 10,705,400,000 13,254,380,070 Office for Budget Responsibility. https://obr.uk/download/coronavirus-reference-scenario-charts-tables/ (accessed 3 May 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/funding-and-manufacturing-boost-for-uk-vaccine-programme (accessed 24 May 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/new-production-lines-will-make-millions-of-face-coverings-each-week (accessed 21 July 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/over-100-million-cash-boost-to-manufacture-millions-of-doses-of-covid-19-vaccine (accessed 25 July 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/uk-government-further-boosts-chances-of-uk-receiving-covid-19-vaccine (accessed 30 July 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/uk-government-invests-in-livingston-facility-to-bolster-vaccine-manufacturing-capacity (accessed 6 August 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/government-further-boosts-uk-vaccine-manufacturing-capacity (accessed 8 August 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/5-million-for-social-prescribing-to-tackle-the-impact-of-covid-19 (accessed 17 August 2020); GOV. UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/government-creates-new-national-institute-for-health-protection (accessed 19 August 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/8m-programme-to-boost-pupil-and-teacher-wellbeing (accessed 27 August 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/uk-government-to-fund-covid-19-research-in-scotland (accessed 31 August 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/500-million-funding-for-quick-result-covid-19-test-trials (accessed 3 September 2020).

(i) April, GBP10 billion for the National Health Service (NHS) and other public services to tackle the virus; (ii) May 17, UK’s top researchers rapidly working to find a coronavirus vaccine will benefit from GBP84 million of new government funding; (ii) No amount/estimate: July 20, The government is setting up face covering production lines in cooperation with UK manufacturers. Ten production lines have been procured and a further ten British production lines are being made with government support. The manufacturers will produce millions of masks each week; (iii) July 23, GBP100 million will be used to fund a state-of-the-art Cell and Gene Therapy Catapult Manufacturing Innovation Centre to accelerate the mass production of a successful COVID-19 vaccine; (iv) No amount/estimate: July 29, A deal to secure early access to a promising new COVID-19 vaccine has been announced. The agreement with GSK and Sanofi Pasteur will supply an additional 60 million doses of COVID-19 vaccine, which means that the government has now secured early access to four different types of immunization and a total of 250 million doses; (v) No amount/estimate: August 3, Government partners with pharmaceutical and biotech organization Wockhardt to accelerate vaccine manufacturing; (vi) No amount/estimate: August 5, UK government and Valneva (global biotech company) undertake a joint investment in a vaccine manufacturing facility in Livingston. This will enable the government secure access to 60 million doses of Valneva's promising vaccine candidate; (vii) August 16, The National Academy for Social Prescribing (NASP) has been awarded GBP5 million in funding to support people to stay connected and maintain their health and wellbeing following the COVID-19 pandemic; (viii) August 18, The government creates a new National Institute for Health Protection, which will have a single command structure to advance the country’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic; (ix) August 25, GBP8 million to boost pupil and teacher well-being [update]; (x) August 28, The UK government is investing GBP8.4 million in COVID-19 immunology research projects, including at the universities of Edinburgh, Glasgow and Dundee [update]; (xi) September 3, New GBP500 million funding package will be invested in next generation testing technology and increased testing capacity [update].

United States 05A 05A - Health support USD 641,742,000,000 641,742,000,000 US Treasury; fiscal.treasury.gov/files/reports-statements/mts/current.html (accessed 26 June 2020). Bloomberg. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-03-25/what-s-in-congress-2-trillion-coronavirus-stimulus-package; US Congress. https://www.congress.gov/116/plaws/publ123/PLAW-116publ123.pdf; US Congress. https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/6201/text (all accessed 16 April 2020).

(i) The Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act (CPRSAA) provides a total of USD7.767 billion in support of the following: (a) USD61 million salaries and expenses to prevent, prepare, and respond to coronavirus domestically and internationally; (b) USD20 million for expenses to carry out the disaster loan program; (c) USD2.2 billion support to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention; (d) USD836 million for the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases; (e) USD3.4 billion for Public Health and Social Services Emergency Fund; (f) USD1.25 billion for international disaster assistance; (ii) The Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA) provides USD187.675 billion for nutrition, public health, medical leave; (iii) The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) provides USD346.3 billion for healthcare services provider relief, disaster relief, veterans' healthcare and testing, relief to state/local/tribal/territorial governments, and research for vaccines and the Strategic National Stockpile; (iv) the PPPHCEA provides USD100 billion for additional healthcare services provider relief and the Public Health and Social Services Emergency Fund.

Australia 05A 05A - Health support AUD 135,263,700,000 84,106,968,602 Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/24-billion-health-plan-fight-covid-19 (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/news/covid-19-supporting-senior-australians-and-those-who-care-for-them (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/senator-the-hon-richard-colbeck/media/new-covid-19-payment-to-keep-senior-australians-in-residential-aged-care-safe (accessed 3 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/11-billion-support-more-mental-health-medicare-and-domestic-violence-services-0 (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/3-million-to-boost-the-national-coordinated-covid-19-research-response (accessed 3 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister of Australia. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/update-coronavirus-measures-15may20 (accessed on 20 May 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/additional-20-million-for-mental-health-and-suicide-prevention-research (accessed 26 May 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/commonwealth-and-states-sign-131-billion-five-year-hospitals-agreement (accessed 4 June 2020).

(i) March 11, The Australian Government has unveiled a comprehensive AUD2.4 billion health package to protect all Australians, including vulnerable groups such as the elderly, those with chronic conditions and Indigenous communities, from the coronavirus (COVID-19); (ii) March 21, The National Cabinet announced additional funding of AUD444.6 million for the aged care sector to ensure the continuity of the aged care workforce. May 5, The Australian Government is providing an additional AUD205 million in specific COVID-19 aged care funding; (iii) March 29, (a) AUD669 million will be provided to expand Medicare-subsidised telehealth services for all Australians, with extra incentives to GPs and other health practitioners also delivered; and (b) AUD74 million will be provided to support the mental health and wellbeing of all Australians; (iv) April 15, AUD3 million further funding to support frontline health workers with training and information on the treatment of coronavirus; (v) May 15, The government announced AUD48.1 million funding for the National Mental Health and Wellbeing Pandemic Response Plan; (vi) May 25, An additional AUD20 million is announced for Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Research; (vii) May 29, The Commonwealth will invest an estimated AUD131.4 billion in the new 2020‑25 National Health Reform Agreement to provide additional funding to public hospitals over five years from 2020–21.

Austria 05A 05A - Health support EUR 339,000,000 375,000,000 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) Additional capacities for mobile and stationary care (EUR100 million); (ii) EUR60 million are granted to the health system; (iii) EUR 130 million are given to hospitals for equipment and to finance over-time payments; (iv) EUR36 million are disbursed to incentivize eligible research on COVID-19 by Austrian firms; (v) EUR13 million on medical supplies.

Belgium 05A 05A - Health support EUR 1,200,000,000 1,327,433,628 European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/2020-european-semester-stability-programme-belgium_fr.pdf (accessed 24 May 2020).

Of the total packages, around EUR1.2 billion are dedicated to health initiatives, with EUR1 billion for federal intiatives and EUR0.2 billion for regional.

Canada 05A 05A - Health support CAD 77,500,000 55,545,601 Department of Finance Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/news/2020/05/government-provides-tariff-relief-to-importers-of-certain-medical-goods.html (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) CAD77.5 million - Personal protective equipment (PPE).

Denmark 05A 05A - Health support DKK 950,000,000 140,646,408 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 30 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020)

(i) March 30, DKK150 million in aubsidies provided to health research specifically related to COVID-19; (ii) Recently an additional DKK 0.8 billion has been allocated to hire more social and health workers nationwide.

Finland 05A 05A - Health support EUR 1,005,000,000 1,111,725,664 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 April 2020).

March 20, (i) EUR1 billion for healthcare and testing, protection and medical equipment, public safety and border controls, and research on the coronavirus epidemic, in particular to develop methods for rapid diagnostics and vaccines and a knowledge base for timely decision-making on coronavirus measures, (especially on the exit strategy; (ii) EUR5 million contribution to international non-profit companies working on the development of a COVID-19 vaccine.

France 05A 05A - Health support EUR 8,310,000,000 9,192,477,876 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR260 million (from the unspent reserves in the 2019 budget) and EUR3.5 billion from the (2020 budget allocation for the healthcare system); (ii) EUR4.5 billion of additional funds for the purchase of equipment and other health expenses; (iii) creation of an additional emergency fund of EUR50 million for research on COVID-19.

Germany 05A 05A - Health support EUR 70,800,000,000 78,318,584,071 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://bit.ly/311YswO (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry of Health. https://www.bundesgesundheitsministerium.de/coronavirus.html (accessed 8 June 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR3.5 billion for emergency measures, such as procuring protective suits and masks, funding for development of a vaccine and treatment, support services provided by the Federal Armed Forces, assistance for German and European Union citizens abroad, and public outreach to keep the population informed; (ii) EUR55 billion funds made available for further pandemic control projects; (iii) EUR2.8 billion will be provided by the Federal government as additional funding for hospitals to balance losses due to rescheduled surgeries and to increase intensive care unit (ICU) capacity; (iv) June 3, the government decided on a new stimulus package which includes EUR9.5 billion to strengthen health care, by investing in local health offices, more modern hospitals, sufficient medicines, and protective equipment.

Ireland 05A 05A - Health support EUR 1,205,000,000 1,332,964,602 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020); DBE. https://dbei.gov.ie/en/News-And-Events/Department-News/2020/June/04062020b.html (accessed 29 June 2020).

(i) Extra funding of EUR1 billion (0.5% of GNI) to the Health Service Executive for improving capacity in the health service; (ii) EUR5 million allocate for 26 COVID-19 research projects; (iii) June 4th, EUR200 million for the COVID Products Scheme, a grant aid for companies developing or producing medicinal products used in the fight against COVID-19 [update]

Italy 05A 05A - Health support EUR 6,450,000,000 7,134,955,752 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020); Milano Today. https://www.milanotoday.it/attualita/coronavirus/decreto-rilancio.html#13 (24 May 2020).

(i) EUR3.2 billion for the national health service and to support civil protection; (ii) EUR3.25 billion for healthcare as part of the additional additional EUR55 billion rescue package announced on 13 May .

Japan 05A 05A - Health support JPY
Luxembourg 05A 05A - Health support EUR 194,000,000 214,601,770 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 9 May 2020).

Additional expenditures in the context of health and crisis management, notably for the procurement of medical equipment and infrastructure (up to EUR194 million).

Netherlands 05A 05A - Health support EUR
New Zealand 05A 05A - Health support NZD 500,000,000 302,407,161 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 5 June 2020).

(i) April, NZD0.5 billion (0.2% of GDP) for healthcare-related spending to reinforce capacity; (ii) No amount/estimate: March 28, The government announced the temporary removal of tariffs on all medical and hygiene imports needed for the COVID-19 response.

Norway 05A 05A - Health support NOK 1,100,000,000 107,630,418 Ministry of Finance. https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/economic-measures-in-norway-in-response-to-covid-192/id2695355/ (accessed 12 Apr2020).

NOK1.1 billion for critical sectors: Health and social services have been given permission to exceed their budgets.

Portugal 05A 05A - Health support EUR 696,000,000 769,911,504 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 9 May 2020).

(i) March 12, EUR296 million to increase the capacity of the health sector; (ii) May 14, over EUR400 million per month (0.2% GDP) of additional resources for the national health service.

Spain 05A 05A - Health support EUR 4,316,000,000 4,774,336,283 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (14 May 2020).

(i) March 12, Budget support from the contingency fund to the Ministry of Health (EUR1.4 billion); (ii) March 12, Advance transfer to the regions for regional health services (EUR2.87 billion); (iii) March 17, Additional funding for research related to the development of drugs and vaccines for COVID-19 (EUR46 million); (iv) No amount/estimate: April 7, Exemption of fees in procedures for the authorization of clinical trials for research for medicines related to COVID-19; (v) No amount/estimate: Reduction of value-added tax (VAT) applicable to the supply of medical equipment from national producers to public entities, non-profit organizations and hospital centres to 0%, in line with the EU.

Sweden 05A 05A - Health support SEK 47,450,000,000 4,824,434,311 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (21 May 2020); Reuters. https://reut.rs/30VEIuC (accessed 6 June 2020).

(i) SEK3 billion compensation to municipalities and regions for extraordinary measures and extra costs in health and medical care (raised on 2 April from initial SEK2 billion); (ii) April 2, SEK20 billion additional grants to municipalities and regions in 2020, up from SEK5 billion previously planned, of which SEK12.5 billion will be permanent; (iii) May 7: (a) Extended reimbursement for the first day of sickness (SEK3.2 billion), (b) continued suspension of medical certificate requirement (SEK1.1 billion), (c) central government responsibility for sick pay costs extended and adjusted (SEK9 billion), and (d) financial support to sick self-employed (SEK250 million) ; (iv) May 11, New measures to strengthen health elderly care (SEK5 billion); (v) June 4, The government is pledging an additional SEK5.9 billion for additional virus testing.

Switzerland 05A 05A - Health support CHF/CHE/CHW Federal Council. https://www.admin.ch/gov/en/start/documentation/media-releases.msg-id-79584.html (accessed 29 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: June 24, Federal government will assume the cost of testing for COVID-19 and eliminates the retention fee for patients.

Turkey 05A 05A - Health support TRY