Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Australia 05A 05A - Health support AUD 139,527,000,000 86,757,888,540 Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/24-billion-health-plan-fight-covid-19 (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/news/covid-19-supporting-senior-australians-and-those-who-care-for-them (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/senator-the-hon-richard-colbeck/media/new-covid-19-payment-to-keep-senior-australians-in-residential-aged-care-safe (accessed 3 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/11-billion-support-more-mental-health-medicare-and-domestic-violence-services-0 (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/3-million-to-boost-the-national-coordinated-covid-19-research-response (accessed 3 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister of Australia. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/update-coronavirus-measures-15may20 (accessed on 20 May 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/additional-20-million-for-mental-health-and-suicide-prevention-research (accessed 26 May 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/commonwealth-and-states-sign-131-billion-five-year-hospitals-agreement (accessed 4 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/additional-funding-to-reinforce-australias-aged-care-sector (accessed 1 September 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/australia-secures-onshore-manufacturing-agreements-two-covid-19-vaccines (accessed 08 September 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/2-billion-extend-critical-health-services-across-australia (accessed 18 September 2020).

(i) March 11, The Australian Government has unveiled a comprehensive AUD2.4 billion health package to protect all Australians, including vulnerable groups such as the elderly, those with chronic conditions and Indigenous communities, from the coronavirus (COVID-19); (ii) March 21, The National Cabinet announced additional funding of AUD444.6 million for the aged care sector to ensure the continuity of the aged care workforce. May 5, The Australian Government is providing an additional AUD205 million in specific COVID-19 aged care funding. August 31, an additional AUD563.3 million has been allocated to the aged care sector; (iii) March 29, (a) AUD669 million will be provided to expand Medicare-subsidised telehealth services for all Australians, with extra incentives to GPs and other health practitioners also delivered; and (b) AUD74 million will be provided to support the mental health and wellbeing of all Australians; (iv) April 15, AUD3 million further funding to support frontline health workers with training and information on the treatment of coronavirus; (v) May 15, The government announced AUD48.1 million funding for the National Mental Health and Wellbeing Pandemic Response Plan; (vi) May 25, An additional AUD20 million is announced for Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Research; (vii) May 29, The Commonwealth will invest an estimated AUD131.4 billion in the new 2020‑25 National Health Reform Agreement to provide additional funding to public hospitals over five years from 2020–21; (viii) September 7, The Australian government will invest AUD1.7 billion in a supply and production agreement with pharmaceutical companies to provide free vaccines by 2021, if trials prove successful; (ix) September 18, The government announced to extend a range of COVID-19 health measures, including mental health interventions until 31 March 2021 amounting to more than AUD2 billion.

Australia 09 09 - International Assistance Provided AUD 280,000,000 174,104,000
Australia 09A 09A - Swaps AUD
Australia 09B 09B - International loans/grants AUD 280,000,000 174,104,000 Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). https://www.foreignminister.gov.au/minister/marise-payne/media-release/partnering-our-neighbours-respond-covid-19 (accessed 31 May 2020).

May 29, The Australian Government’s Partnerships for Recovery policy is redirecting over AUD280 million from the existing development program to minimize the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Pacific and Southeast Asia.

Australia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures AUD
Austria 05A 05A - Health support EUR 339,000,000 375,000,000 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) Additional capacities for mobile and stationary care (EUR100 million); (ii) EUR60 million are granted to the health system; (iii) EUR 130 million are given to hospitals for equipment and to finance over-time payments; (iv) EUR36 million are disbursed to incentivize eligible research on COVID-19 by Austrian firms; (v) EUR13 million on medical supplies.

Austria 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR
Austria 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
Austria 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Austria 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR BMF. https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juni/regierungsklausur.html (accessed 17 June 2020). Austrian Financial Market Authority. https://www.fma.gv.at/fma-beendet-die-per-verordnung-erlassenen-einschraenkungen-fuer-leerverkaeufe-in-bestimmten-finanzinstrumenten-die-an-der-wiener-boerse-notieren/ (accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#A (accessed 9 May 2020).

(i) On March 18, the Financial Market Authority prohibited short sales for one month following the massive drop in prices on the Vienna Stock Exchange due to betting on covered share price losses and and extended the prohibition to May 18 on April 16; (ii) No amount/estimate: May 18: Ended the restrictions on short sales beginning midnight of the same day. (iii) June 16, To incentivize companies to buy capital goods, added a degressive depreciation option for an unlimited period, up to 30% of an investment good should be written off in the first year.

Belgium 05A 05A - Health support EUR 1,200,000,000 1,327,433,628 European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/2020-european-semester-stability-programme-belgium_fr.pdf (accessed 24 May 2020).

Of the total packages, around EUR1.2 billion are dedicated to health initiatives, with EUR1 billion for federal intiatives and EUR0.2 billion for regional.

Belgium 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR
Belgium 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
Belgium 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Belgium 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR Federale Overheidsdienst Financiën. https://financien.belgium.be/nl/Actueel/akkoord-onderling-overleg-tussen-de-autoriteiten-van-duitsland-en-belgi%C3%AB-ter-verlenging-van (accessed 02 June 2020). Financial Services and Market Authority. https://www.fsma.be/nl/news/de-fsma-kondigt-de-opschorting-van-het-verbod-op-het-innemen-verhogen-van-nettoshortposities (accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 9 May 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 30 April 2020).

(i) March 30, Belgian Debt Agency issued a new syndicated EURO benchmark bond maturing October 22nd, 2027 (OLO 91) in the near future and increased the number of OLO auctions by also organizing auctions on the penultimate Monday of May, August and October; (ii) March 30, Belgian Debt Agency stops buying back OLOs maturing in 2022; (iii) April 8, The Federal Debt Agency announces that it has accepted the offers for the auction of Treasury certificates of today for a total amount of EUR 2.280 billion; (iv) Ban on short-selling stocks until May 17; (v) May 12, the Financial Services and Markets Authority agreed to not take action against companies that will not be able to comply with mandatory data provision on code of conduct risk models by June 30, 2020; (vi) May 18: Suspended the ban on short selling; (vii) June 2: Extended the agreement on taxation of cross-border workers with Germany and Netherlands until June 30, 2020.

Canada 05A 05A - Health support CAD 25,174,000,000 18,042,644,687 Department of Finance Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/news/2020/05/government-provides-tariff-relief-to-importers-of-certain-medical-goods.html (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) Immediate public health response--CAD50 million; COVID-19 response fund--CAD1.025 billion; Personal protective equipment and supplies-CAD2 billion; Safe Restart Agreement--CAD19.351 billion; Personal protective equipment for essential workers--CAD511 million; Support for Health Canada and Public Health Agency of Canada--CAD88 million; Reducing import costs for critical medical goods--CAD 281 million; Health and Social Support for Northern Communities--CAD115 million; Medical research and vaccine development--CAD1.127 billion; Consular assistance--CAD100 million; Virtual care and mental health tools--CAD241 million; Enhancing public health in Indigenous communities--CAD285 million [update]

Canada 09 09 - International Assistance Provided CAD
Canada 09A 09A - Swaps CAD
Canada 09B 09B - International loans/grants CAD
Canada 11 11 - Other Economic Measures CAD
Denmark 05A 05A - Health support DKK 2,350,000,000 347,914,799 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 30 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020). Denmark government. https://sim.dk/nyheder/nyhedsarkiv/2020/jul/kommunerne-faar-8-9-mia-kr-ekstra-udbetalt-efter-covid-19/ (accessed 2 July 2020)

(i) March 30, DKK150 million in subsidies provided to health research specifically related to COVID-19; (ii) Recently an additional DKK 0.8 billion has been allocated to hire more social and health workers nationwide; (iii) July 1, DKK1.4 billion disbursed to municipalities for protective equipment and extra cleaning.

Denmark 09 09 - International Assistance Provided DKK 5,048,941,832 747,490,036
Denmark 09A 09A - Swaps DKK
Denmark 09B 09B - International loans/grants DKK 5,048,941,832 747,490,036 UN. http://mptf.undp.org/factsheet/fund/COV00 (accessed 22 May 2020). Denmark government. https://em.dk/nyhedsarkiv/2020/juli/milliarder-til-ny-coronafond-skal-skabe-vaekst-og-nye-job/ (accessed 2 July 2020)

(i) As of May 20, contributed USD7,245,782 to the UN COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund; (ii) July 1, contributed DKK5 billion to the European Guarantee Fund to help especially small and medium-sized businesses affected by the crisis.

Denmark 11 11 - Other Economic Measures DKK Denmark government. https://em.dk/nyhedsarkiv/2020/august/regeringen-og-erhvervslivet-vil-hjaelpe-dansk-eksport-i-coronakrisen/ (accessed 13 August 2020). Denmark government. https://em.dk/nyhedsarkiv/2020/august/ivaerksaettere-faar-hjaelpende-haand-ny-politisk-aftale-letter-omregistrering/ (accessed 27 July 2020)

(i) August 11, set up a Forum for restarting Danish exports, and eight Restart Teams from various industries to contribute their input; (ii) August 21, Gave entrepreneurs a better opportunity to re-register entrepreneurial companies as private limited companies. Also extended the deadline for re-registration to 15 October 2021.

Finland 05A 05A - Health support EUR 1,005,000,000 1,111,725,664 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 April 2020).

March 20, (i) EUR1 billion for healthcare and testing, protection and medical equipment, public safety and border controls, and research on the coronavirus epidemic, in particular to develop methods for rapid diagnostics and vaccines and a knowledge base for timely decision-making on coronavirus measures, (especially on the exit strategy; (ii) EUR5 million contribution to international non-profit companies working on the development of a COVID-19 vaccine.

Finland 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR 5,500,000 6,084,071
Finland 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
Finland 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR 5,500,000 6,084,071 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (1 May 2020).

The Finnish Government agreed to increase funding for the World Health Organization (WHO) to EUR5.5 million .

Finland 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR Finnish Government. https://valtioneuvosto.fi/en/-/1271139/amendments-to-pharmaceutical-legislation-aim-to-ensure-availability-and-sufficiency-of-medicines- (accessed 18 July 2020).

Amendments to pharmaceutical legislation to allow Ministry of Social Affairs and Health has the right to temporarily restrict or authorise the prescription and dispensing of medicines intended for treating infectious diseases .

France 05A 05A - Health support EUR 14,360,000,000 15,884,955,752 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020); Economie. https://www.economie.gouv.fr/plan-de-relance# (accessed 12 September 2020).

(i) EUR260 million (from the unspent reserves in the 2019 budget) and EUR3.5 billion from the (2020 budget allocation) for the healthcare system; (ii) EUR4.5 billion of additional funds for the purchase of equipment and other health expenses; (iii) creation of an additional emergency fund of EUR50 million for research on COVID-19; (iii) September 3, EUR6 billion for public expenditure for health security and EUR50 million for health security projects under the Cohesion component of the EUR100 billion recovery plan .

France 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR
France 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
France 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
France 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR AMF. https://www.amf-france.org/fr/actualites-publications/communiques/communiques-de-lamf/lamf-suspend-linterdiction-de-creer-ou-daugmenter-des-positions-courtes-nettes (accessed 1 June 2020).

18 May, Suspended the ban on creating or increasing net short positions.

Germany 05A 05A - Health support EUR 72,215,000,000 79,883,849,558 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://bit.ly/311YswO (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry of Health. https://www.bundesgesundheitsministerium.de/coronavirus.html (accessed 8 June 2020); Die Bundesregierung. With a total of 45 million euros, the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) is strengthening research into effective strategies and therapies against the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and the disease Covid-19 (accessed 25 July 2020); Die Bundesregierung. bundesregierung (accessed 1 August 2020) ; Die Bundesregierung. https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/aktuelles/bund-laender-beschluesse-1780542 (accessed 29 August 2020); Die Bundesrgierung. https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/aktuelles/pflegebonus-1782446 (accessed 5 September 2020); Die Bundesregierung. https://bit.ly/2ZtCyRt (accessed 12 September 2020); Bundesministerium fur Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend. https://www.bmfsfj.de/bmfsfj/aktuelles/alle-meldungen/akuthilfe-fuer-pflegende-angehoerige-beschlossen/155552 (accessed 17 September 2020); Bundesministerium fur Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend. https://www.bmfsfj.de/bmfsfj/aktuelles/alle-meldungen/akuthilfen-fuer-pflegende-angehoerige-sollen-verlaengert-werden/160232 (accessed 17 September 2020); Die Bundesregierung. https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/aktuelles/krankenhauszukunftsgesetz-1781744 (accessed 19 September 2020); Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Energie. https://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/DE/Pressemitteilungen/2020/09/20200923-neues-foerderprogramm-fuer-lueftungsanlagen-tritt-demnaechst-in-kraft.html (accessed 26 September 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR3.5 billion for emergency measures, such as procuring protective suits and masks, funding for development of a vaccine and treatment, support services provided by the Federal Armed Forces, assistance for German and European Union citizens abroad, and public outreach to keep the population informed; (ii) EUR55 billion funds made available for further pandemic control projects; (iii) EUR2.8 billion will be provided by the Federal government as additional funding for hospitals to balance losses due to rescheduled surgeries and to increase intensive care unit (ICU) capacity; (iv) No amount/estimate: May 14, Relatives who look after people in need of care at home during the COVID-19 crisis and who are employed at the same time will receive better support. Employees have the opportunity to claim the care support allowance for a total of up to 20 working days until September 30, 2020. September 2, The assistance for family carers is extended until 31 December 2020; (v) June 3, The government has decided on a new stimulus package which includes EUR9.5 billion to strengthen health care, by investing in local health offices, more modern hospitals, sufficient medicines, and protective equipment. September 18, EUR3 billion is allocated for an investment program for digitization and strengthening regional care structures as provided for in the Hospital Future Act; (vi) July 20, A total of EUR45 million is allocated by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) to strengthen research into effective strategies and therapies against the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and the disease COVID-19; (vii) July 29, EUR750 million for the special vaccine development program; (viii) No amount/estimate: August 27, To relieve families in the COVID-19 pandemic, children's sickness benefit is to be paid for five additional days per parent in 2020, and for single parents for ten additional days; (ix) September 4, Bonus of up to EUR1000 for nurses in hospitals who were stressed by caring for COVID-19 patients. For this purpose, EUR100 million is made available; (x) September 11, The Federal Ministry of Research is investing EUR20 million in the research and development of innovative medical technology; (xi) September 23, New funding program for ventilation and air conditioning systems in public buildings and places of assembly systems (EUR500 million) [update].

Germany 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR
Germany 09A 09A - Swaps EUR
Germany 09B 09B - International loans/grants EUR
Germany 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 18 May 2020).

April 1, Missed rent payments due to COVID-related reasons cannot lead to evictions and rent payments for these tenants will be postponed (in force from April 1 to June 30). Consumers that cannot finance running consumption costs for their housing units (such as electricity, gas, telecommunication and water) can postpone them without being charged late payment fees or forced to judicial debt collection.

Ireland 05A 05A - Health support EUR 1,205,000,000 1,332,964,602 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020); DBE. https://dbei.gov.ie/en/News-And-Events/Department-News/2020/June/04062020b.html (accessed 29 June 2020).

(i) Extra funding of EUR1 billion (0.5% of GNI) to the Health Service Executive for improving capacity in the health service; (ii) EUR5 million allocate for 26 COVID-19 research projects; (iii) June 4, EUR200 million for the COVID Products Scheme, a grant aid for companies developing or producing medicinal products used in the fight against COVID-19.

Ireland 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EUR