Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Germany 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 799,221,500,000 884,094,579,646
Germany 05A 05A - Health support EUR 71,695,000,000 79,308,628,319 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://bit.ly/311YswO (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry of Health. https://www.bundesgesundheitsministerium.de/coronavirus.html (accessed 8 June 2020); Die Bundesregierung. With a total of 45 million euros, the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) is strengthening research into effective strategies and therapies against the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and the disease Covid-19 (accessed 25 July 2020); Die Bundesregierung. bundesregierung (accessed 1 August 2020) ; Die Bundesregierung. https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/aktuelles/bund-laender-beschluesse-1780542 (accessed 29 August 2020); Die Bundesrgierung. https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/aktuelles/pflegebonus-1782446 (accessed 5 September 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR3.5 billion for emergency measures, such as procuring protective suits and masks, funding for development of a vaccine and treatment, support services provided by the Federal Armed Forces, assistance for German and European Union citizens abroad, and public outreach to keep the population informed; (ii) EUR55 billion funds made available for further pandemic control projects; (iii) EUR2.8 billion will be provided by the Federal government as additional funding for hospitals to balance losses due to rescheduled surgeries and to increase intensive care unit (ICU) capacity; (iv) June 3, the government decided on a new stimulus package which includes EUR9.5 billion to strengthen health care, by investing in local health offices, more modern hospitals, sufficient medicines, and protective equipment; (v) July 20, A total of EUR45 million is allocated by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) to strengthen research into effective strategies and therapies against the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and the disease COVID-19; (vi) July 29, EUR750 million for the special vaccine development program; (vii) No amount/estimate: August 27, To relieve families in the COVID-19 pandemic, children's sickness benefit is to be paid for five additional days per parent in 2020, and for single parents for ten additional days [update]; (viii) September 4, Bonus of up to GBP1000 for nurses in hospitals who were stressed by caring for COVID-19 patients. For this purpose, EUR100 million are made available [update].

Germany 05B 05B - Income support EUR 727,526,500,000 804,785,951,327 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://bit.ly/311YswO (accessed 17 April 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#germany (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry of Finance and Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. https://bit.ly/30Zwr91 (accessed 17 April 2020); Tax Foundation. https://taxfoundation.org/kurzarbeit-germany-short-work-subsidy-scheme/ (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 30 April 2020; 8 May 2020); Bundesministerium der Finanzen. https://bit.ly/3djjZDp (accessed 9 May 2020); Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. https://bit.ly/2Yg4WWX (accessed 21 May 2020); Politico. https://politi.co/2Yhl6z8 (accessed 4 June 2020); Die Bundesregierung. https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-en/news/corona-steuerhilfegesetz-1760128 (accessed 29 June 2020); Die Bundesregierung. https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/aktuelles/mehr-geld-fuer-stipendien-1771146 (accessed 1 August 2020); Bundesministerium der Finanzen. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Corona-Schutzschild/2020-03-19-steuerliche-Massnahmen.html (accessed 6 August 2020); European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1463 (accessed 15 August 2020); Bundesministerium der Finanzen. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Pressemitteilungen/Finanzpolitik/2020/09/2020-09-02-PM-Steuerliche-Verbesserungen.html (accessed 3 September 2020); Budesministerium der Finanzen. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Corona-Schutzschild/2020-03-19-Beschaeftigung-fuer-alle.html (accessed 5 September 2020); Bundesministerium der Finanzen. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Corona-Schutzschild/2020-03-19-Beschaeftigung-fuer-alle.html (accessed 6 September 2020); ZDF. https://www.zdf.de/nachrichten/wirtschaft/kurzarbeitergeld-scholz-100.html (accessed 6 September 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR50 billion in direct grants to distressed one-person businesses and micro-enterprises; (ii) EUR7.7 billion to expand access to welfare payments such as child allowance and income support, removing means-testing rules, and including self-employed workers; (iii) EUR500 billion (Bruegel estimate) tax deferrals for businesses, that is, EUR70 billion for direct corporate income tax plus EUR430 billion if we include indirect taxes and social contributions (assuming 75% tax deferral and 5% of gross domestic product [GDP] loss in 2020); (iv) EUR10 billion for keeping people employed, by expanding the reduced hours compensation benefit scheme (‘Kurzarbeitergeld’). August 26, The subscription period was extended up to 24 months, at an additional cost of EUR10 billion (i.e. until December 31, 2021 at the latest) [update]; (v) Subsidies to loans (included in the EUR357 billion mentioned in Measure 1) made available through KfW; (vi) No amount/estimate: April 22, The government decided to increase the replacement rate of lost net earnings to 70% for childless workers and to 77% for workers with children from the fourth month of short-time work onwards if they have reduced their working time by at least 50%. In the seventh month, payments are increased further to 80% and 87% respectively; (vii) April, The labor agency will cover 100% of social-security contributions for lost hours of short-time workers; (viii) No amount/estimate: Starting on July 1, the reduced VAT rate of 7% will be applicable to restaurants for 12 months; (ix) No amount/estimate: May 6, (a) Sales tax rate for restaurant and catering services rendered between 30 June 2020 and 1 July 2021 will be reduced from 19% to 7%, except for beverage sales; (b) Employer grants for short-time work benefits and seasonal short-time work benefits for wage payment between 29 February 2020 and 1 January 2021 will be up to 80% of the difference between the target salary and the actual salary; (x) May 14, Under the Social Protection Package, The increase in short-time work benefits leads to additional expenditure in the budget of the Federal Employment Agency of an estimated EUR680 million. The extension of the eligibility period for unemployment benefit leads to additional expenditure in the budget of the Federal Labor Agency estimated around EUR1.95 billion; (xi) June 3, A new stimulus package which includes: (a) Economic and crisis management package, mainly tax cuts and investments (EUR59.7 billion), (b) Strengthen Länder and municipalities (EUR15.6 billion), (c) Social expenditure (EUR9 billion), (d) Future programme (green and technological) (EUR47 billion), (e) Humanitarian aid (EUR3 billion), and (f) Equity for public railways (EUR5 billion); (xii) No amount estimate: (a) Temporary VAT reduction (19% to 16% and 7% to 5%) until December 31; (b) EUR300 one-off for every child, and (c) increase on limits to offset losses against profits from previous years; (xiii) July 3, NEUSTART KULTUR: Aid for cultural institutions for the preservation and strengthening of the nationwide important cultural landscape (EUR1 billion); (xiv) July 3, EUR853 million is allocated for children, young people, and families, with the passage of the Second Supplementary Budget 2020 on July 2. This creates the financial prerequisites for implementing the measures of the economic stimulus package (under item xi, Nonhealth measure); (xv) July 23, EUR43.5 million increase in scholarship for Cultural workers; (xvi) July 30, Temporary reduction in the sales tax rate for food to 7%, tax deferral for companies, and waiver of enforcement of overdue tax debt payments (https://bit.ly/2PtMhSd)]; (xvii) August 7, The European Commission has approved EUR6 billion scheme to compensate companies providing regional and local public passenger transport services in Germany for the damage suffered due to the coronavirus outbreak; (xviii) No amount/estimate: September 2, The federal cabinet approved the draft for the 2020 Annual Tax Act, which provides for tax improvements for investment, reduced working hours and affordable housing [update].

Germany 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 780,430,000,000 863,307,522,124
Germany 05A 05A - Health support EUR 70,800,000,000 78,318,584,071 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://bit.ly/311YswO (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry of Health. https://www.bundesgesundheitsministerium.de/coronavirus.html (accessed 8 June 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR3.5 billion for emergency measures, such as procuring protective suits and masks, funding for development of a vaccine and treatment, support services provided by the Federal Armed Forces, assistance for German and European Union citizens abroad, and public outreach to keep the population informed; (ii) EUR55 billion funds made available for further pandemic control projects; (iii) EUR2.8 billion will be provided by the Federal government as additional funding for hospitals to balance losses due to rescheduled surgeries and to increase intensive care unit (ICU) capacity; (iv) June 3, the government decided on a new stimulus package which includes EUR9.5 billion to strengthen health care, by investing in local health offices, more modern hospitals, sufficient medicines, and protective equipment.

Germany 05B 05B - Income support EUR 709,630,000,000 784,988,938,053 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://bit.ly/311YswO (accessed 17 April 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#germany (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry of Finance and Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. https://bit.ly/30Zwr91 (accessed 17 April 2020); Tax Foundation. https://taxfoundation.org/kurzarbeit-germany-short-work-subsidy-scheme/ (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 30 April 2020; 8 May 2020); Bundesministerium der Finanzen. https://bit.ly/3djjZDp (accessed 9 May 2020); Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. https://bit.ly/2Yg4WWX (accessed 21 May 2020); Politico. https://politi.co/2Yhl6z8 (accessed 4 June 2020); Bundesregierung. https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-en/news/corona-steuerhilfegesetz-1760128 (accessed 29 June 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR50 billion in direct grants to distressed one-person businesses and micro-enterprises; (ii) EUR7.7 billion to expand access to welfare payments such as child allowance and income support, removing means-testing rules, and including self-employed workers; (iii) EUR500 billion (Bruegel estimate) tax deferrals for businesses, that is, EUR70 billion for direct corporate income tax plus EUR430 billion if we include indirect taxes and social contributions (assuming 75% tax deferral and 5% of gross domestic product [GDP] loss in 2020); (iv) EUR10 billion for keeping people employed, by expanding the reduced hours compensation benefit scheme (‘Kurzarbeitergeld’); (v) Subsidies to loans (included in the EUR357 billion mentioned in Measure 1) made available through KfW; (vi) No amount/estimate: April 22, The government decided to increase the replacement rate of lost net earnings to 70% for childless workers and to 77% for workers with children from the fourth month of short-time work onwards if they have reduced their working time by at least 50%. In the seventh month, payments are increased further to 80% and 87% respectively; (vii) April, The labour agency will cover 100% of social-security contributions for lost hours of short-time workers; (viii) No amount/estimate: Starting on July 1, the reduced VAT rate of 7% will be applicable to restaurants for 12 months; (ix) No amount/estimate: May 6, (a) Sales tax rate for restaurant and catering services rendered between 30 June 2020 and 1 July 2021 will be reduced from 19% to 7%, except for beverage sales; (b) Employer grants for short-time work benefits and seasonal short-time work benefits for wage payment between 29 February 2020 and 1 January 2021 will be up to 80% of the difference between the target salary and the actual salary; (x) May 14, Under the Social Protection Package, The increase in short-time work benefits leads to additional expenditure in the budget of the Federal Employment Agency of an estimated EUR680 million. The extension of the eligibility period for unemployment benefit leads to additional expenditure in the budget of the Federal Labor Agency estimated around EUR1.95 billion; (xi) June 3, A new stimulus package which includes: (a) Economic and crisis management package, mainly tax cuts and investments (EUR59.7 billion), (b) Strengthen Länder and municipalities (EUR15.6 billion), (c) Social expenditure (EUR9 billion), (d) Future programme (green and technological) (EUR47 billion), (e) Humanitarian aid (EUR3 billion), and (f) Equity for public railways (EUR5 billion); (xii) No amount estimate: (a) Temporary VAT reduction (19% to 16% and 7% to 5%) until December 31; (ii) EUR300 one-off for every child, and (c) increase on limits to offset losses against profits from previous years [update].

Germany 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 629,000,000,000 695,796,460,177
Germany 05A 05A - Health support EUR 61,300,000,000 67,809,734,513 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/EN/Pressemitteilungen/2020/2020-03-23-supplementary-budget.html (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 17 April 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR3.5 billion for emergency measures, such as procuring protective suits and masks, funding for development of a vaccine and treatment, support services provided by the Federal Armed Forces, assistance for German and European Union citizens abroad, and public outreach to keep the population informed; (ii) EUR55 billion funds made available for further pandemic control projects; and (iii) EUR2.8 billion will be provided by the Federal government as additional funding for hospitals to balance losses due to rescheduled surgeries and to increase intensive care unit (ICU) capacity.

Germany 05B 05B - Income support EUR 567,700,000,000 627,986,725,664 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/EN/Pressemitteilungen/2020/2020-03-23-supplementary-budget.html (accessed 17 April 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#germany (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry of Finance and Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. https://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/EN/Downloads/a/a-protective-shield-for-employees-and-companies.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=3 (accessed 17 April 2020); Tax Foundation. https://taxfoundation.org/kurzarbeit-germany-short-work-subsidy-scheme/ (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 30 April 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR50 billion in direct grants to distressed one-person businesses and micro-enterprises; (ii) EUR7.7 billion to expand access to welfare payments such as child allowance and income support, removing means-testing rules, and including self-employed workers; (iii) EUR500 billion (Bruegel estimate) tax deferrals for businesses, that is, EUR70 billion for direct corporate income tax plus EUR430 billion if we include indirect taxes and social contributions (assuming 75% tax deferral and 5% of gross domestic product [GDP] loss in 2020); (iv) EUR10 billion for keeping people employed, by expanding the reduced hours compensation benefit scheme (‘Kurzarbeitergeld’); and (v) Subsidies to loans (included in the EUR357 billion mentioned in Measure 1) made available through KfW; (vi) No amount/estimate: April 22, The government decided to increase the replacement rate of lost net earnings to 70% for childless workers and to 77% for workers with children from the fourth month of short-time work onwards if they have reduced their working time by at least 50%. In the seventh month, payments are increased further to 80% and 87% respectively [update].

Germany 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 629,000,000,000 695,796,460,177
Germany 05A 05A - Health support EUR 61,300,000,000 67,809,734,513 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/EN/Pressemitteilungen/2020/2020-03-23-supplementary-budget.html (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 17 April 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR3.5 billion for emergency measures, such as procuring protective suits and masks, funding for development of a vaccine and treatment, support services provided by the Federal Armed Forces, assistance for German and European Union citizens abroad, and public outreach to keep the population informed; (ii) EUR55 billion funds made available for further pandemic control projects; and (iii) EUR2.8 billion will be provided by the Federal government as additional funding for hospitals to balance losses due to rescheduled surgeries and to increase intensive care unit (ICU) capacity.

Germany 05B 05B - Income support EUR 567,700,000,000 627,986,725,664 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/EN/Pressemitteilungen/2020/2020-03-23-supplementary-budget.html (accessed 17 April 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#germany (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry of Finance and Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. https://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/EN/Downloads/a/a-protective-shield-for-employees-and-companies.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=3 (accessed 17 April 2020); Tax Foundation. https://taxfoundation.org/kurzarbeit-germany-short-work-subsidy-scheme/ (accessed 17 April 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR50 billion in direct grants to distressed one-person businesses and micro-enterprises; (ii) EUR7.7 billion to expand access to welfare payments such as child allowance and income support, removing means-testing rules, and including self-employed workers; (iii) EUR500 billion (Bruegel estimate) tax deferrals for businesses, that is, EUR70 billion for direct corporate income tax plus EUR430 billion if we include indirect taxes and social contributions (assuming 75% tax deferral and 5% of gross domestic product [GDP] loss in 2020); (iv) EUR10 billion for keeping people employed, by expanding the reduced hours compensation benefit scheme (‘Kurzarbeitergeld’); and (v) Subsidies to loans (included in the EUR357 billion mentioned in Measure 1) made available through KfW.