Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Union 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 216,199,000,000 239,158,185,841
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 3,880,000,000 4,292,035,398 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion) from the EU budget.

European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 212,319,000,000 234,866,150,442 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 May 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_997 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commision to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR 25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. On May 20, a Regulation establishing SURE entered into force. Countries will be able to use loans also in support of some health-related measures, esp. in the workplace. SURE will become available once all Member States have provided the required guarantees proportionally to gross national income, and will remain available until end-2022 (with the possibility to adjust this deadline) ; (iii) no amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules. On May 8, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework to recapitalization and subordinated debt measures to further support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. The amended Temporary Framework will be in place until the end of December 2020, except for recapitalization measures which has an extended period by the end of June 2021. The Commission will assess before these dates if they need to be extended; (iv) March, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps; (v) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competences for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings; (vi) June 8, European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot fund issued grants of EUR140 million to innovative companies [update]; (vii) Proposed modifications to its 2020 budget to make EUR 11.5 billion available for the hardest hit regions, and to support businesses, including those outside of EU borders. These modifications are stopgap measures to provide support while waiting for the European Commission to ratify a budget containing the "Next Generation EU" recovery instrument [update].

Netherlands 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 51,070,000,000 56,493,362,832
Netherlands 05A 05A - Health support EUR
Netherlands 05B 05B - Income support EUR 51,070,000,000 56,493,362,832 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 22 May 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#netherlands (accessed 15 April 2020); Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/05/01/110-miljoen-euro-ondersteuning-voor-sportverenigingen (accessed 11 May 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/05/15/%E2%82%AC500-miljoen-extra-voor-studenten-en-zomerscholen (accessed 22 May 2020). Global Tax News. https://www.tax-news.com/news/Netherlands_Clarifies_COVID19_VAT_Concessions____97711.html (accessed 29 May 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/05/20/kabinet-investeert-in-doorbouwen (accessed 1 June 2020)

(i) April 1, EUR10 billion for temporary compensation of employers’ wage costs, up to 90% of wage bill, conditional on at least 20% fall in turnover in the months March to May compared to 2019 (NOW scheme). In addition, the government will cover 30% of pension contributions and the employers' premium; (ii) EUR2 billion for compensation of self-employed and independent entrepreneurs without staff; (iii) EUR465 million in emergency support in the form of a lump sum of EUR4,000 for businesses that were forced to close doors due to government regulations (TOGS scheme); (iv) EUR175 million for Childcare Compensation for parents who continue paying for childcare during the lockdown (8 April); (v) EUR36 billion for deferral of tax collection of VAT, income, corporate, wage and turnover taxes from companies. Furthermore, under the measures, default penalties will not need to be paid in cases where extensions are approved, while interest on overdue taxes will be reduced to 0.01% until October 1, 2020; (vi) No amount/estimate: April 1, the government will cover 30% of pension contributions and the employers' premium; (vii) No amount/estimate: March 30, self-employed (without employees) hit by the corona crisis are to receive monthly 1,050 'euros over the next three months, irrespective of their savings. For married couples or couples with children a maximum of EUR 1,500 a month will apply; (viii) April 17, EUR300 million grants for the culture sector, including museums and theatres; (ix) May 1, EUR110 million to support sports clubs; (x) No amount/estimate: May 20, The government will compensate public transport companies for the loss of income and extra costs they face due to the crisis; (xi) May 20, EUR500 million allocated to education spending. EUR200 million will go to students to mitigate the consequences of the coronavirus epidemic, and EUR244 million will go to primary, secondary, and vocational education to make up for educational gaps caused by the coronavirus; (xii) May 20, Short-term measures for the construction sector: (a) EUR50 million in construction projects, (b) Increased subsidies for citizens to make their homes more environmentally sustainable (the “SEEH scheme"), (c) EUR20 million available for municipalities in the form of “flex pools” (civil servants with technical knowledge about planning and licensing), (d) EUR50 million in housing incentives for prospective homeowners belonging to vulnerable groups; (xiii) EUR1.4 billion allocated for tax-free allowances to affected SMEs to pay their fixed material costs. [update]

Turkmenistan 05 05 - Health and income support TMT
Turkmenistan 05A 05A - Health support TMT
Turkmenistan 05B 05B - Income support TMT
European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Union 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 216,059,000,000 239,003,318,584
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 3,880,000,000 4,292,035,398 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion from the EU budget).

European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 212,179,000,000 234,711,283,186 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commision to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR 25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. ; (iii) no amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules; (iv) March, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps; (v) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competences for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings.

Netherlands 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 49,050,000,000 54,258,849,558
Netherlands 05A 05A - Health support EUR
Netherlands 05B 05B - Income support EUR 49,050,000,000 54,258,849,558 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 9 May 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#netherlands (accessed 15 April 2020); Riksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/05/01/110-miljoen-euro-ondersteuning-voor-sportverenigingen (accessed 11 May 2020).

(i) April 1, EUR10 billion for temporary compensation of employers’ wage costs, up to 90% of wage bill, conditional on at least 20% fall in turnover in the months March to May compared to 2019 (NOW scheme). In addition, the government will cover 30% of pension contributions and the employers' premium; (ii) EUR2 billion for compensation of self-employed and independent entrepreneurs without staff; (iii) EUR465 million in emergency support in the form of a lump sum of EUR4,000 for businesses that were forced to close doors due to government regulations (TOGS scheme); (iv) EUR175 million for Childcare Compensation for parents who continue paying for childcare during the lockdown (8 April); (v) EUR36 billion for deferral of tax collection of VAT, income, corporate, wage and turnover taxes from companies; No amount estimate: (vi) April 1, the government will cover 30% of pension contributions and the employers' premium (1 April); (vii) March 30, self-employed (without employees) hit by the corona crisis are to receive monthly 1,050 'euros over the next three months, irrespective of their savings. For married couples or couples with children a maximum of EUR 1,500 a month will apply; (viii) April 17, EUR300 million grants for the culture sector, including museums and theatres [update]; (ix) May 1, EUR110 million to support sports clubs. [update]

Turkmenistan 05 05 - Health and income support TMT
Turkmenistan 05A 05A - Health support TMT
Turkmenistan 05B 05B - Income support TMT
European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Union 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 216,059,000,000 239,003,318,584
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 3,880,000,000 4,292,035,398 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion from the EU budget); (iv)

European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 212,179,000,000 234,711,283,186 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commision to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR 25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. ; (iii) no amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules; (iv) March, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps; (v) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competences for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings.

Netherlands 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 49,050,000,000 54,258,849,558
Netherlands 05A 05A - Health support EUR
Netherlands 05B 05B - Income support EUR 49,050,000,000 54,258,849,558 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 18 April 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#netherlands (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) April 1, EUR10 billion for temporary compensation of employers’ wage costs, up to 90% of wage bill, conditional on at least 20% fall in turnover in the months March to May compared to 2019 (NOW scheme). In addition, the government will cover 30% of pension contributions and the employers' premium; (ii) EUR2 billion for compensation of self-employed and independent entrepreneurs without staff; (iii) EUR465 million in emergency support in the form of a lump sum of EUR4,000 for businesses that were forced to close doors due to government regulations (TOGS scheme); (iv) EUR175 million for Childcare Compensation for parents who continue paying for childcare during the lockdown (8 April); (v) EUR36 billion (5.8%-8.4% of GDP in 2020) for deferral of tax collection of VAT, income, corporate, wage and turnover taxes from companies; No amount estimate: (vi) April 1, the government will cover 30% of pension contributions and the employers' premium (1 April); (vii) March 30, self-employed (without employees) hit by the corona crisis are to receive monthly 1,050 'euros over the next three months, irrespective of their savings. For married couples or couples with children a maximum of EUR 1,500 a month will apply.

Turkmenistan 05 05 - Health and income support TMT
Turkmenistan 05A 05A - Health support TMT
Turkmenistan 05B 05B - Income support TMT