Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Union 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 216,199,000,000 239,158,185,841
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 3,880,000,000 4,292,035,398 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion) from the EU budget.

European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 212,319,000,000 234,866,150,442 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 May 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_997 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commision to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR 25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. On May 20, a Regulation establishing SURE entered into force. Countries will be able to use loans also in support of some health-related measures, esp. in the workplace. SURE will become available once all Member States have provided the required guarantees proportionally to gross national income, and will remain available until end-2022 (with the possibility to adjust this deadline) ; (iii) no amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules. On May 8, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework to recapitalization and subordinated debt measures to further support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. The amended Temporary Framework will be in place until the end of December 2020, except for recapitalization measures which has an extended period by the end of June 2021. The Commission will assess before these dates if they need to be extended; (iv) March, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps; (v) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competences for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings; (vi) June 8, European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot fund issued grants of EUR140 million to innovative companies [update]; (vii) Proposed modifications to its 2020 budget to make EUR 11.5 billion available for the hardest hit regions, and to support businesses, including those outside of EU borders. These modifications are stopgap measures to provide support while waiting for the European Commission to ratify a budget containing the "Next Generation EU" recovery instrument [update].

Germany 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 780,430,000,000 863,307,522,124
Germany 05A 05A - Health support EUR 70,800,000,000 78,318,584,071 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/EN/Pressemitteilungen/2020/2020-03-23-supplementary-budget.html (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry of Health. https://www.bundesgesundheitsministerium.de/coronavirus.html (accessed 8 June 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR3.5 billion for emergency measures, such as procuring protective suits and masks, funding for development of a vaccine and treatment, support services provided by the Federal Armed Forces, assistance for German and European Union citizens abroad, and public outreach to keep the population informed; (ii) EUR55 billion funds made available for further pandemic control projects; (iii) EUR2.8 billion will be provided by the Federal government as additional funding for hospitals to balance losses due to rescheduled surgeries and to increase intensive care unit (ICU) capacity; (iv) June 3, the government decided on a new stimulus package which includes EUR9.5 billion to strengthen health care, by investing in local health offices, more modern hospitals, sufficient medicines, and protective equipment [update].

Germany 05B 05B - Income support EUR 709,630,000,000 784,988,938,053 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/EN/Pressemitteilungen/2020/2020-03-23-supplementary-budget.html (accessed 17 April 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#germany (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry of Finance and Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. https://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/EN/Downloads/a/a-protective-shield-for-employees-and-companies.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=3 (accessed 17 April 2020); Tax Foundation. https://taxfoundation.org/kurzarbeit-germany-short-work-subsidy-scheme/ (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 30 April 2020; 8 May 2020); Bundesministerium der Finanzen. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Pressemitteilungen/Finanzpolitik/2020/05/2020-05-06-Hilfen-Gastronomie.html (accessed 9 May 2020); Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. https://www.bmas.de/DE/Presse/Pressemitteilungen/2020/sozialschutzpaket-ii-weitere-hilfen-fuer-arbeitnehmer.html (accessed 21 May 2020); Politico. https://www.politico.eu/article/german-coalition-agrees-e130b-economic-rescue-package/ (accessed 4 June 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR50 billion in direct grants to distressed one-person businesses and micro-enterprises; (ii) EUR7.7 billion to expand access to welfare payments such as child allowance and income support, removing means-testing rules, and including self-employed workers; (iii) EUR500 billion (Bruegel estimate) tax deferrals for businesses, that is, EUR70 billion for direct corporate income tax plus EUR430 billion if we include indirect taxes and social contributions (assuming 75% tax deferral and 5% of gross domestic product [GDP] loss in 2020); (iv) EUR10 billion for keeping people employed, by expanding the reduced hours compensation benefit scheme (‘Kurzarbeitergeld’); (v) Subsidies to loans (included in the EUR357 billion mentioned in Measure 1) made available through KfW; (vi) No amount/estimate: April 22, The government decided to increase the replacement rate of lost net earnings to 70% for childless workers and to 77% for workers with children from the fourth month of short-time work onwards if they have reduced their working time by at least 50%. In the seventh month, payments are increased further to 80% and 87% respectively; (vii) April, The labour agency will cover 100% of social-security contributions for lost hours of short-time workers; (viii) No amount/estimate: Starting on July 1, the reduced VAT rate of 7% will be applicable to restaurants for 12 months; (ix) No amount/estimate: May 6, (a) Sales tax rate for restaurant and catering services rendered between 30 June 2020 and 1 July 2021 will be reduced from 19% to 7%, except for beverage sales; (b) Employer grants for short-time work benefits and seasonal short-time work benefits for wage payment between 29 February 2020 and 1 January 2021 will be up to 80% of the difference between the target salary and the actual salary; (x) May 14, Under the Social Protection Package, The increase in short-time work benefits leads to additional expenditure in the budget of the Federal Employment Agency of an estimated EUR680 million. The extension of the eligibility period for unemployment benefit leads to additional expenditure in the budget of the Federal Labor Agency estimated around EUR1.95 billion; (xi) June 3, A new stimulus package which includes: (a) Economic and crisis management package, mainly tax cuts and investments (EUR59.7 billion), (b) Strengthen Länder and municipalities (EUR15.6 billion), (c) Social expenditure (EUR9 billion), (d) Future programme (green and technological) (EUR47 billion), (e) Humanitarian aid (EUR3 billion), and (f) Equity for public railways (EUR5 billion) [update].

Turkmenistan 05 05 - Health and income support TMT
Turkmenistan 05A 05A - Health support TMT
Turkmenistan 05B 05B - Income support TMT
European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Union 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 216,059,000,000 239,003,318,584
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 3,880,000,000 4,292,035,398 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion from the EU budget).

European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 212,179,000,000 234,711,283,186 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commision to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR 25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. ; (iii) no amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules; (iv) March, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps; (v) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competences for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings.

Germany 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 629,000,000,000 695,796,460,177
Germany 05A 05A - Health support EUR 61,300,000,000 67,809,734,513 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/EN/Pressemitteilungen/2020/2020-03-23-supplementary-budget.html (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 17 April 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR3.5 billion for emergency measures, such as procuring protective suits and masks, funding for development of a vaccine and treatment, support services provided by the Federal Armed Forces, assistance for German and European Union citizens abroad, and public outreach to keep the population informed; (ii) EUR55 billion funds made available for further pandemic control projects; and (iii) EUR2.8 billion will be provided by the Federal government as additional funding for hospitals to balance losses due to rescheduled surgeries and to increase intensive care unit (ICU) capacity.

Germany 05B 05B - Income support EUR 567,700,000,000 627,986,725,664 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/EN/Pressemitteilungen/2020/2020-03-23-supplementary-budget.html (accessed 17 April 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#germany (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry of Finance and Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. https://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/EN/Downloads/a/a-protective-shield-for-employees-and-companies.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=3 (accessed 17 April 2020); Tax Foundation. https://taxfoundation.org/kurzarbeit-germany-short-work-subsidy-scheme/ (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 30 April 2020; 8 May 2020); Bundesministerium der Finanzen. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Pressemitteilungen/Finanzpolitik/2020/05/2020-05-06-Hilfen-Gastronomie.html (accessed 9 May 2020)

(i) March 23, EUR50 billion in direct grants to distressed one-person businesses and micro-enterprises; (ii) EUR7.7 billion to expand access to welfare payments such as child allowance and income support, removing means-testing rules, and including self-employed workers; (iii) EUR500 billion (Bruegel estimate) tax deferrals for businesses, that is, EUR70 billion for direct corporate income tax plus EUR430 billion if we include indirect taxes and social contributions (assuming 75% tax deferral and 5% of gross domestic product [GDP] loss in 2020); (iv) EUR10 billion for keeping people employed, by expanding the reduced hours compensation benefit scheme (‘Kurzarbeitergeld’); and (v) Subsidies to loans (included in the EUR357 billion mentioned in Measure 1) made available through KfW; (vi) No amount/estimate: April 22, The government decided to increase the replacement rate of lost net earnings to 70% for childless workers and to 77% for workers with children from the fourth month of short-time work onwards if they have reduced their working time by at least 50%. In the seventh month, payments are increased further to 80% and 87% respectively; (vii) April, The labour agency will cover 100% of social-security contributions for lost hours of short-time workers; (viii) No amount/estimate: Starting on July 1, the reduced VAT rate of 7% will be applicable to restaurants for 12 months [update]; (ix) No amount/estimate: May 6, (a) Sales tax rate for restaurant and catering services rendered between 30 June 2020 and 1 July 2021 will be reduced from 19% to 7%, except for beverage sales; (b) Employer grants for short-time work benefits and seasonal short-time work benefits for wage payment between 29 February 2020 and 1 January 2021 will be up to 80% of the difference between the target salary and the actual salary [update]; (x) No amount/estimate: May 14, The ruling coalition agreed to extend the maximum unemployment benefit duration by three months for all claimants whose entitlements end between 1 May and 31 December [update].

Turkmenistan 05 05 - Health and income support TMT
Turkmenistan 05A 05A - Health support TMT
Turkmenistan 05B 05B - Income support TMT
European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Union 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 216,059,000,000 239,003,318,584
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 3,880,000,000 4,292,035,398 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion from the EU budget); (iv)

European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 212,179,000,000 234,711,283,186 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commision to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR 25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. ; (iii) no amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules; (iv) March, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps; (v) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competences for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings.

Germany 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 629,000,000,000 695,796,460,177
Germany 05A 05A - Health support EUR 61,300,000,000 67,809,734,513 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/EN/Pressemitteilungen/2020/2020-03-23-supplementary-budget.html (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 17 April 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR3.5 billion for emergency measures, such as procuring protective suits and masks, funding for development of a vaccine and treatment, support services provided by the Federal Armed Forces, assistance for German and European Union citizens abroad, and public outreach to keep the population informed; (ii) EUR55 billion funds made available for further pandemic control projects; and (iii) EUR2.8 billion will be provided by the Federal government as additional funding for hospitals to balance losses due to rescheduled surgeries and to increase intensive care unit (ICU) capacity.

Germany 05B 05B - Income support EUR 567,700,000,000 627,986,725,664 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/EN/Pressemitteilungen/2020/2020-03-23-supplementary-budget.html (accessed 17 April 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#germany (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry of Finance and Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. https://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/EN/Downloads/a/a-protective-shield-for-employees-and-companies.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=3 (accessed 17 April 2020); Tax Foundation. https://taxfoundation.org/kurzarbeit-germany-short-work-subsidy-scheme/ (accessed 17 April 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR50 billion in direct grants to distressed one-person businesses and micro-enterprises; (ii) EUR7.7 billion to expand access to welfare payments such as child allowance and income support, removing means-testing rules, and including self-employed workers; (iii) EUR500 billion (Bruegel estimate) tax deferrals for businesses, that is, EUR70 billion for direct corporate income tax plus EUR430 billion if we include indirect taxes and social contributions (assuming 75% tax deferral and 5% of gross domestic product [GDP] loss in 2020); (iv) EUR10 billion for keeping people employed, by expanding the reduced hours compensation benefit scheme (‘Kurzarbeitergeld’); and (v) Subsidies to loans (included in the EUR357 billion mentioned in Measure 1) made available through KfW.

Turkmenistan 05 05 - Health and income support TMT
Turkmenistan 05A 05A - Health support TMT
Turkmenistan 05B 05B - Income support TMT