|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||05||05 - Health and income support||EGP||102,180,000,000||6,502,079,371||OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).||
Multiple packages have been announced by the government to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19, totalling over EGP102 billion: (i) March 22, EGP100 billion (1.8% of GDP) or USD6.13 billion was announced as the total of stimulus policies to be enacted by the government to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19; (ii) March 24, EGP1 billion additional funding for health services; (iii) April 2, additional USD7.9 million disgnated for emergency respone activities related to the outbreak; (iv) EGP1 billion in arrears will be paid out to exporters. More data on the breakdown of these packages below.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||05A||05A - Health support||EGP||OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).||
(i) March 22, EGP8 billion has been allocated to support the healthcare sector, targeted at providing urgent and necessary medical supplies, and disbursing bonuses for medical staff working in quarantine hospitals and labs; (ii) March 22, To support medical professionals, including doctors working in university hospitals, a 75% allowance over the wages has been announced; (iii) March 24, EGP1 billion (USD63.5 million) additional funding was announced, specifically for health services and various measures to increase the country’s capacity to absorb the sudden increase of critical patients that the outbreak might bring; (iv) April 2, additional USD7.9 million designated for emergency response activities related to the COVID-19 outbreak.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||05B||05B - Income support||EGP||World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: March 22, Pension benefits have been increased by 14%; (ii) No amount/estimate: March 22, Expansion of the targeted cash transfer social programs, Takaful and Karama, are also being extended to reach more families; (iii) No amount/estimate: March 22, A targeted support initiative for irregular workers in most severely hit sectors has been announced, which will entail EGP500 in monthly grants for 3 months; (iv) No amount/estimate: March 22, Energy costs have been lowered for the entire industrial sector; (v) No amount/estimate: March 22, Real estate tax relief has been provided for industrial and tourism sectors, (vi) No amount/estimate: March 22, Subsidy pay-out for exporters has been stepped up, and discount on fuel price has been announced for the aviation sector; (vii) March 22, EGP50 billion of the EGP100 billion stimulus has been announced for the tourism sector, which contributes close to 12% of Egypt’s GDP, 10% of employment, and almost 4% of GDP in terms of receipts, as of 2019; (viii) No amount/estimate: The moratorium on the tax law on agricultural land has been extended for 2 years; (ix) No amount/estimate: The stamp duty on transactions and tax on dividends have been reduced; (x) No amount/estimate: Capital gains tax has been postponed until further notice; (xii) No amount/estimate: ATM withdrawal fees have been cancelled; (xiii) EGP1 billion in arrears will be paid out by The Export Subsidy Fund in March and April 2020, plus 10% in cash payments to exporters in June 2020; (xiv) No amount/estimate: Three months extension for the payment of property taxes for companies in the industrial and tourism sector; (xv) No amount/estimate: Extension of the individuals’ annual tax return filing deadline to 16 April instead of 31 March, and exemption of the tax returns online filing subscription fee for the use of the Egyptian Tax Authority online filing portal; (xvi) EGP50 million allocated by the Ministry of Workforce for irregular workers, including women, who lost their job due to the coronavirus.
|Argentina||05||05 - Health and income support||ARS||135,021,000,000||2,151,729,084|
|Argentina||05A||05A - Health support||ARS||6,000,000,000||95,617,530||Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 5 May 2020).||
(i) Established Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production for employers and workers affected by the health emergency; (ii) authorized ARS 6 billion to Argentine provinces to strengthen municipal health systems and finances; (iii) created an Emergency Family Income (IFE) to compensate the loss or serious decrease in the income of people linked to the informal sector; (iv) low-income monotributistas, and the workers and workers of private households affected by the health emergency; (v) implemented Universal Child Allowance (AUH) and Universal Pregnancy Allowance (AUE) payments, worth ARS3,103 per month for each child; (vi) increase in budget items for therapeutic communities, homes with coexistence and homes for care and community accompaniments; (vii) increased the monthly non-remunerative financial to temporary workers in the agricultural and agro-industrial sectors.
|Argentina||05B||05B - Income support||ARS||129,021,000,000||2,056,111,554||Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 May 2020).||
(i) Increased budget for public investment in road works, economic infrastructure, construction and renovation of houses, schools, kindergartens, and tourism by ARS100 billion; (ii) suspended fees and commissions for ATM operations (deposits, withdrawals, inquiries, etc.) through June 30, 2020; (iii) exempted the payment of employment contributions to sectors criticaly affected by the coronavirus pandemic; (iv) reinforced unemployment insurance; (v) ordered an extraordinary payment to the holders of the Food Card; (vi) May 1, established emergency economic assistance within the framework of the Self-Managed Work Program; (vii) May 1, declared that Emergency Family Income (IFE), Universal Child Allowance (AUH), and the Complementary Salary (SC) are not taxable as part of gross income; (viii) No amount/estimate: May 5, expanded the Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production to cover more companies and activities; (ix) No amount/estimate: May 6, increased the benefits and number of beneficiaries; (x) No amount/estimate: May 11, updated the amounts of economic aid provided under the Job Insertion Program; (xi) No amount/estimate: May 12, required Banks to refund fees associated with the National Social Security Administration (ANSES) and Emergency Family Income (IFE) benefit; (x) May 14, ARS29 billion federal program which includes the construction of 5,500 new homes, the financing of 42,900 parts that include gas, electricity and sanitary infrastructure works, the granting of microcredits for the acquisition of construction materials and the carrying out of small-scale works, as well as the conditioning of community spaces in popular neighborhoods. Estimated to generate 750 thousand direct and indirect jobs between 2020 and 2021; (xi) No amount/estimate: May 18, announced an increase of 6.12% for all retirees and pensioners according to the scale of the pyramid, which brings the minimum retirement to 16,864 pesos and the maximum credit to 113,479 pesos, also includes increases in non-contributory pensions, the Universal Child Allowance, the Universal Pregnancy Allowance and the Family Allowances; (xii) May 22, ARS21 million for the acquisition of 70,000 new computers, within the framework of the federal connectivity program "Juana Manso" that carries out the educational portfolio; (xiii) No amount/estimate: June 5, ordered payment of 3 thousand pesos for those under the Empower Work Program and did not receive IFE; (xiv) No amount/estimate: June 9, national government extended the right to double compensation for individuals who are dismissed from their jobs without just cause; (xv) No amount/estimate: June 9, exempted temporarily from payment of income tax for overtime, guards and additional personnel of Health, Armed, and Security Forces and other activities related to the health emergency. [update]
|Australia||05||05 - Health and income support||AUD||273,682,500,000||170,175,778,383|
|Australia||05A||05A - Health support||AUD||135,620,700,000||84,328,951,202||Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/24-billion-health-plan-fight-covid-19 (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/news/covid-19-supporting-senior-australians-and-those-who-care-for-them (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/senator-the-hon-richard-colbeck/media/new-covid-19-payment-to-keep-senior-australians-in-residential-aged-care-safe (accessed 3 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/11-billion-support-more-mental-health-medicare-and-domestic-violence-services-0 (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/3-million-to-boost-the-national-coordinated-covid-19-research-response (accessed 3 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister of Australia. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/update-coronavirus-measures-15may20 (accessed on 20 May 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/additional-20-million-for-mental-health-and-suicide-prevention-research (accessed 26 May 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/commonwealth-and-states-sign-131-billion-five-year-hospitals-agreement (accessed 4 June 2020).||
(i) March 11, The Australian Government has unveiled a comprehensive AUD2.4 billion health package to protect all Australians, including vulnerable groups such as the elderly, those with chronic conditions and Indigenous communities, from the coronavirus (COVID-19); (ii) March 21, The National Cabinet announced additional funding of AUD444.6 million for the aged care sector to ensure the continuity of the aged care workforce. May 5, The Australian Government is providing an additional AUD205 million in specific COVID-19 aged care funding; (iii) March 29, A safety net package of AUD1.1billion has been announced by the Prime Minister to expand mental health and tele-health services, increase domestic violence services and provide more emergency food relief; (iv) April 15, AUD3 million further funding to support frontline health workers with training and information on the treatment of coronavirus; (v) May 15, The government announced AUD48.1 million funding for the National Mental Health and Wellbeing Pandemic Response Plan; (vi) May 25, An additional AUD20 million is announced for Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Research; (vii) May 29, The Commonwealth will invest an estimated AUD131.4 billion in the new 2020‑25 National Health Reform Agreement to provide additional funding to public hospitals over five years from 2020–21 [update].
|Australia||05B||05B - Income support||AUD||138,061,800,000||85,846,827,181||Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-05/Overview-Economic_Response_to_the_Coronavirus_3.pdf (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/media-release/jobkeeper-update (accessed on 3 June 2020); Department of Education, Skills, and Employment (DESE). https://ministers.dese.gov.au/morrison/early-childhood-education-and-care-relief-package (accessed 3 June 2020); DESE. https://ministers.dese.gov.au/tehan/response-child-care-review (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-06/Fact_sheet_HomeBuilder.pdf (accessed 5 June 2020); DESE. https://ministers.dese.gov.au/tehan/return-child-care-subsidy (accessed 10 June 2020).||
Three economic stimulus packages, i.e. (i) Support for individuals and households including (a) income support for individuals (AUD14,133 million), (b) payment to support households (AUD8,830 million), (c) temporary early release of superannuation (AUD1,150 million), (d) No amount/estimate, temporarily reduce superannuation minimum drawdown rates, (e) lower the social security deeming rates (AUD876 million); (ii) Support for business including (a) JobKeeper payment (AUD70,000 million), (b) boosting cash flow for employers (AUD31,900 million), (c) No amount/estimate, temporary relief for financially distressed businesses, (d) increasing the instant asset write-off (AUD700 million), (e) backing business investment (AUD3,200 million), (f) supporting apprentices and trainees (AUD1,265 million), (g) support for Coronavirus affected regions and communities (AUD1,000 million), (h) support for Australian airlines and airports (AUD715 million); (iii) April 2, The Commonwealth government has committed to provide free childcare to around one million families and announced targeted support to the education system. The sector is expected to receive AUD1.6 billion over the coming three months from taxpayer subsidies. On May 20, the Ministry of Education announced an additional AUD12.8 million in funding, i.e. (a) AUD12 million provided for child care services that have more than 30% of full-time equivalent staff ineligible for JobKeeper Payments, and (b) AUD800,000 to increase the level of funding for in-home care providers; (iv) June 4, The government announced a HomeBuilder program offering AUD25,000 grants to new home builders and renovators from June 4 to December 31, 2020. HomeBuilder will be implemented via a National Partnership Agreement, signed by the Commonwealth and State and Territory governments and is expected to cost AUD680 million [update]; (v) June 8, The government announced that it will resume the Child Care Subsidy (CCS) to support families to access affordable child care starting July 13 and will pay approximately AUD2 billion this quarter to eligible families [update].
|Austria||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR||39,629,000,000||43,837,389,380|
|Austria||05A||05A - Health support||EUR||339,000,000||375,000,000||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).||
(i) Additional capacities for mobile and stationary care (EUR100 million); (ii) EUR60 million are granted to the health system; (iii) EUR 130 million are given to hospitals for equipment and to finance over-time payments; (iv) EUR36 million are disbursed to incentivize eligible research on COVID-19 by Austrian firms; (v) EUR13 million on medical supplies.
|Austria||05B||05B - Income support||EUR||39,290,000,000||43,462,389,380||BMF. https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/kulturpaket.html (accessed 29 May 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/haertefallfonds.html (accessed 28 May 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/gemeindepaket.html (accessed 26 May 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/fixkostenzuschuss.html, https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/kurzarbeit-mittel-erhoeht.html (both accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#A (accessed 20 May 2020); OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 10 June 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 21 May 2020).||
(i) EUR15 billion emergency funds for hard-hit industries to provide direct liquidity provisions and subsidies for running costs. On April 27, expanded Phase 2 of the hardship fund, through which SMEs may request up to 6000 Euros from the government; (ii) EUR10 billion for payment deferrals of personal income and corporate income taxes; (iii) No amount/estimate: rent payment deferrals; (iv) No amount/estimate: May 13, proposed a more simple calculation method to determine monetary subsidies by companies to their employees from their own accounts and from the government's funding. Under the new system, no employee should have any losses; (v) May 20, Increased to EUR12 billion (from EUR10 billion on April 13 and EUR5 billion originally) funds for short-time working, self-employed and funds to finance increased costs of caretaking, etc.; (vi) May 21, EUR1.2 billion is being rolled out by authorities as new fiscal measures including tax relief measures for the hospitality sector of EUR500 million and support to non-profit organizations of EUR700 million; (vii) No amount/estimate: May 21, Applications for the fixed subsidy have already started, with the first payments being disbursed by end of May. The Ministry of Finance will reimburse up to 75% of a company's fixed costs for up to 3 months; (vii) May 25, EUR1 billion in grants from the federal government to municipalities, geared towards support for infrastructure investment (e.g. schools, public transportation, energy production); (viii) May 27, increase in the minimum payment amount of the hardship fund to EUR500, and added another EUR500 comeback bonus, dedicated to entrepreneurs having hardships during the pandemic; (ix) May 28, Allocated EUR90 million to support freelance artists up to EUR1000 a month; (x) To jump-start the economy, a new tax incentive was introduced for companies that recruit apprentices, with EUR2,000 per position created between March 16 and October 31 of this year. [update]
|Belgium||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR||10,200,000,000||11,283,185,840||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 20 May 2020).||
(i) EUR6.4 billion in total measures as part of the fiscal package outlined in the Stability Program to adress the crises. Key fiscal support measures include: boosting health expenditure and increasing support for those in temporary unemployment and self-employed; (ii) EUR3.8 billion (increased from EUR1.7 billion) regional governments' support to affected firms and sectors, and transfers to affected households.
|Belgium||05A||05A - Health support||EUR||1,200,000,000||1,327,433,628||European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/2020-european-semester-stability-programme-belgium_fr.pdf (accessed 24 May 2020).||
Of the total packages, around EUR1.2 billion are dedicated to health initiatives, with EUR1 billion for federal intiatives and EUR0.2 billion for regional.
|Belgium||05B||05B - Income support||EUR||9,000,000,000||9,955,752,212||SPF Finances. https://finances.belgium.be/fr/Actualites/diminution-temporaire-taux-tva-secteur-horeca (accessed 14 June 2020). European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/2020-european-semester-stability-programme-belgium_fr.pdf (accessed 24 May 2020).||
(i) On the other hand, non-health initiatives total EUR9 billion, with EUR5.3 billion for federal and EUR3.7 for regional; (ii) In addition, reduced the VAT rate applicable to some restaurant and catering services to 6% until the end of 2020. [update]
|Brazil||05||05 - Health and income support||BRL||175,285,040,000||35,895,393,872|
|Brazil||05A||05A - Health support||BRL||28,788,040,000||5,895,300,788||OECD . Https://oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed May 28)||
(i) An additional 0.4% of GDP have been assigned to the public healthcare system, in addition to transfers to state and municipal governments who bear the main responsibility for public healthcare; (ii) Taxes and import duties on goods used by hospitals have been zeroed and import procedures eased. (iii) Field hospitals are being built and efforts are underway to procure respirators and augment ICU capacity; (iv) The Health Ministry opened 5,800 vacancies for doctors; (v) Resident doctors will receive a 20% bonus, worth USD 130.
|Brazil||05B||05B - Income support||BRL||146,497,000,000||30,000,093,083||Institute of International Finance (IIF) https://www.iif.com/Portals/0/Files/Databases/COVID-19_responses.pdf?ver=2020-04-24-173749-083 (Accessed 29 April 2020).||
(i) Announced a comprehensive fiscal package worth USD30 billion, that includes expansion and front-loading of social assistance/benefit payments; (ii) expanding the Bolsa Familia program with the inclusion of over 1 million more beneficiaries, cash transfers to informal and unemployed workers, and advance payments of salary bonuses to low income workers; (iii) USD1.5 billion to finance two months of payroll for firms impacted by COVID-19; (iv) Announced several measures, which include bringing forward the 13th pension payment to retirees, expanding the Bolsa Familia program, providing an emergency cash transfer to households; and (v) Introducing temporary tax breaks and credit lines through the state-owned banks, lowering taxes and import levies on essential medical supplies, and assisting state and local governments.
|Canada||05||05 - Health and income support||CAD||47,819,100,000||34,272,782,655|
|Canada||05A||05A - Health support||CAD||77,500,000||55,545,601||Department of Finance Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/news/2020/05/government-provides-tariff-relief-to-importers-of-certain-medical-goods.html (accessed 10 June 2020).||
(i) CAD77.5 million- Personal protective equipment (PPE).
|Canada||05B||05B - Income support||CAD||47,741,600,000||34,217,237,054||Department of Finance Canada.. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/economic-response-plan.html?topic=ex-col-faq (accessed 10 June 2020).||
(i) Emergency care benefit- CAD10 billion; (ii) Emergency Support Benefit- CAD5 billion; (iii) GST Credit- CAD5.5 billion; (iv) Enhanced Canada Child Benefit- CAD1.9 billion; (v) Temporary Business Wage Subsidy- CAD3.8 billion. (vi)Canada Student Loan Payments- CAD190 million; (vii) Support for Indigenous Communities- CAD305 million; (viii) Support for people experiencing homelessness (through Reaching Home)- CAD157.5 million; (ix) Support for women’s shelters and sexual assault centres including on reserve- CAD50 million; (x) Lower Registered Retirement Income Fund Minimum Withdrawal Amounts-CAD495 million; (xi) CAD 10.5 billion as o f June 8; Canda Emergency Wage subsidy (CEWS) calculator,the CEWS applies at a rate of 75% of the first CAD58,700 normally earned by employees—representing a benefit of up to CAD847 per week, per employee. The program is in place for a 12-week period, from March 15 to June 6, 2020; (xii) CAD20.1 million in support for Futurpreneur Canada to continue supporting young entrepreneurs across Canada who are facing challenges due to COVID-19; (xiii) CAD15 million in non-repayable support for businesses in the territories to help address the impacts of COVID-19; (xiv) CAD675 million to give financing support to small and medium-sized businesses that are unable to access other COVID-19 business supports, through Canada's Regional Development Agencies; (xv)CAD274 million Creating new jobs and opportunities for youth; (xvi) No amount/estimate; Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB) provides a taxable benefit of CAD2,000 every 4 weeks for up to 16 weeks to eligible workers who have lost their income due to COVID-19; (xvii) CAD2.47 billion- clean energy; (xviii) CAD350 million-to support vulnerable Canadians through charities and non-profit organizations; (xviii) No amount/estimate- Waiving ground lease rents through December 2020 for airport authorities that pay rent to the federal government; (xix) CAD500 million-COVID-19 Emergency Support Fund for cultural, heritage, and sport organization to address financial needs of affected organizations so they can continue to support artists and athletes; (xx) CAD5.365 billion for agriculture and fisheries; (xxi) No amount/estimate- Increased payments of 50% to 75% to AgriStability to support farmers that face significant revenue declines; (xxiii) No amount/estimate Flexibility for individual and corporate taxpayers (tax payment deferral until September); (xxiv) AgriRecovery initiative of up to CAD 125 million to help producers faced with additional costs incurred such as set-asides for cattle and hog management programs to manage livestock backed-up on famrs, due to temporary closure of food processing plants; (xxv) Surplus Food Purchase Program of CAD 50 million to help redistribute existing and unsold food inventories.
|Denmark||05||05 - Health and income support||DKK||265,907,000,000||39,367,225,769|
|Denmark||05A||05A - Health support||DKK||950,000,000||140,646,408||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 30 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020)||
(i) March 30, DKK150 million in aubsidies provided to health research specifically related to COVID-19; (ii) Recently an additional DKK 0.8 billion has been allocated to hire more social and health workers nationwide. [update]
|Denmark||05B||05B - Income support||DKK||264,957,000,000||39,226,579,361||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 30 April 2020). Denmark Government. https://bm.dk/nyheder-presse/pressemeddelelser/2020/05/regeringen-freder-elever-laerlinge-og-praktikanters-ferie-og-fridage-under-loenkompensation/ (accessed 14 May 2020). Ministry of Culture. https://kum.dk/nyheder-og-presse/pressemeddelelser/nyheder/kulturpulje-til-udsatte-saarbare-og-aeldre-er-aaben/1/1/ (accessed 24 May 2020). Denmark government. https://em.dk/nyhedsarkiv/2020/juni/regeringen-og-arbejdsmarkedets-parter-udfaser-gradvist-loenkompensationsordningen/ (accessed 10 June 2020)||
(i) March 10, DK35 billion liquidity effect of deferral of monthly VAT payments for large firms; (ii) March 12, No amount/estimate: Short-time Work Scheme made more flexible; (iii) DKK10 million for upskilling of dismissed employees; (iv) DKK1.7 billion sickness benefit reimbursement available from 27 February to 1 January 2021; (v) March 26, DKK1.1 billion liquidity effect of deferral of property taxes; (vi) DKK2.5 billion frontloading of investments in e.g. energy renovation and similar initiatives in municipalities; (vii) March 26, DKK6.5 billion frontloading of payment by local governments to firms; (viii) March, DKK90 billion liquidity effect of deferral of income tax payment and labor market contributions; (ix) April 1, DKK300 million compensation scheme to event organizer companies extended; (x) April 7, DKK1.2 billion for a range of minor support schemes established to support agents and businesses with cultural activities, sports and private education; (xi) April 18, DKK6 billion for the Job Retention Scheme available from 9 March to 8 July 2020. Take-up rate around 5% of the labour force (150,000 employees) on 19 April; (xii) April 18, DKK277 million for increased access to unemployment and sickness benefits. As of June 5, the wage compensation has been extended to August 29 [update]; (xiii) April 18, DKK65.3 billion compensation scheme for companies’ fixed costs available for the period 9 March to 8 July; (xiv) April 18, DKK14.3 billion compensation scheme for self-employed; (xv) April 18, DKK350 million for Innovation Subsidy Scheme to support new projects; (xvi) April, DKK35.4 billion VAT payments already made for second half and last quarter of 2019 are made available as interest free loans; (xvii) April, DKK5 billion liquidity impact of deferral of provisional taxes for self-employed; (xviii) May 14, No amount/estimate: Increased holiday and time-off benefits for students, apprentices, and trainees; (xix) May 20, Established a pool of DKK20 million to sponsor collegiate, cultural, and sporting activities for vulnerable and elderly citizens during the coronavirus crisis. The pool is managed by the Ministry of Culture's Palace and Culture Board; (xx) May 26, No amount/estimate: Relaxed requirements to receive pension and unemployment benefits; (xxi) May 26, No amount/estimate: Frozen holiday funds must be paid out by employers by September 1, 2020.
|European Central Bank||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||05A||05A - Health support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||05B||05B - Income support||EUR|
|European Union||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR||216,199,000,000||239,158,185,841|
|European Union||05A||05A - Health support||EUR||3,880,000,000||4,292,035,398||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).||
(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion) from the EU budget.
|European Union||05B||05B - Income support||EUR||212,319,000,000||234,866,150,442||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 May 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_997 (accessed 12 June 2020).||
(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commision to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR 25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. On May 20, a Regulation establishing SURE entered into force. Countries will be able to use loans also in support of some health-related measures, esp. in the workplace. SURE will become available once all Member States have provided the required guarantees proportionally to gross national income, and will remain available until end-2022 (with the possibility to adjust this deadline) ; (iii) no amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules. On May 8, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework to recapitalization and subordinated debt measures to further support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. The amended Temporary Framework will be in place until the end of December 2020, except for recapitalization measures which has an extended period by the end of June 2021. The Commission will assess before these dates if they need to be extended; (iv) March, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps; (v) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competences for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings; (vi) June 8, European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot fund issued grants of EUR140 million to innovative companies [update]; (vii) Proposed modifications to its 2020 budget to make EUR 11.5 billion available for the hardest hit regions, and to support businesses, including those outside of EU borders. These modifications are stopgap measures to provide support while waiting for the European Commission to ratify a budget containing the "Next Generation EU" recovery instrument [update].
|Finland||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR||27,678,000,000||30,617,256,637|
|Finland||05A||05A - Health support||EUR||1,005,000,000||1,111,725,664||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 April 2020).||
March 20, (i) EUR1 billion for healthcare and testing, protection and medical equipment, public safety and border controls, and research on the coronavirus epidemic, in particular to develop methods for rapid diagnostics and vaccines and a knowledge base for timely decision-making on coronavirus measures, (especially on the exit strategy; (ii) EUR5 million contribution to international non-profit companies working on the development of a COVID-19 vaccine.
|Finland||05B||05B - Income support||EUR||26,673,000,000||29,505,530,973||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#F (accessed 9 May 2020); MEE. https://tem.fi/artikkeli/-/asset_publisher/ensimmaiset-valtionavustukset-kunnille-yksinyrittajien-tukemiseksi (accessed 3 May 2020); https://vm.fi/en/article/-/asset_publisher/10616/hallitus-paatti-vuoden-2020-neljannesta-lisatalousarvioesityksesta (accessed 9 June 2020).||
March 20, (i) EUR1.05 billion (increased from EUR900 million) in lower pension contributions through the remainder of 2020; (ii) EUR650 million for grants to SMEs and self-employed; and (iii) EUR3 billion for expanded parental allowance, social assistance and unemployment insurance; (iv) EUR4.5 billion i.7n tax and pension payment deferrals; (v) EU12 billion in increase in fiscal deficit from automatic stabilizers (4-5.0) percentage points of GDP; (vi) April 20, EUR250 million grants for sole proprietors for the cost of running business; (vii) EUR40 million to support restaurants in employing workers and EUR83 million compensation for the imposed restrictions on activities; (viii) EUR5.1 billion (which is part of the fourth supplementary budget of 6 June amounting to EUR 5.5 billion) focusing on aid to municipalities and measures supporting quick economic recovery. This stimulus package is aimed at boosting demand, improving Finland’s long-term growth prospects, combating climate change, promoting biodiversity, and reinforcing the entire country’s capabilities, resilience, self-sufficiency, and skills and competences. The package also includes measures supporting local government that are intended to secure basic services and alleviate the challenges for local government finances resulting from the virus crisis. The supplementary budget proposal also includes a set of measures to support the wellbeing of children and young people. [update].
|France||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR||74,950,000,000||82,909,292,035|
|France||05A||05A - Health support||EUR||8,310,000,000||9,192,477,876||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020).||
(i) EUR260 million (from the unspent reserves in the 2019 budget) and EUR3.5 billion from the (2020 budget allocation for the healthcare system); (ii) EUR4.5 billion of additional funds for the purchase of equipment and other health expenses; (iii) creation of an additional emergency fund of EUR50 million for research on COVID-19.
|France||05B||05B - Income support||EUR||66,640,000,000||73,716,814,159||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 14 May 2020); Economie. https://www.economie.gouv.fr/coronavirus-startup-mesures-de-soutien-economique (accessed 15 April 2020); Figaro. https://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-eco/le-gouvernement-annonce-390-millions-d-euros-pour-le-transport-routier-20200417 (accessed 2 May 2020); BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-52814074 (accessed 28 May 2020); MINEFI. https://minefi.hosting.augure.com/Augure_Minefi/r/ContenuEnLigne/Download?id=7527227F-7F00-40D8-BBBD-C73ACCFE38E3&filename=1040%20-%20G%C3%A9rald%20DARMANIN%20annonce%20que%20les%20possibilit%C3%A9s%20de%20report%20des%20cotisations%20sociales%20sont%20prolong%C3%A9es%20pour%20le%20mois%20de%20juin%2C%20sur%20demande..pdf (accessed 12 June 2020).||
(i) EUR8.5 billion for short-time work scheme; (ii) April 27, EUR7 billion (increased from EUR1.5 billion) for the solidarity fund to support income for the self-employed and smallest firms; (iii) EUR48.5 billion in postponement of social and fiscal deadlines and the early reimbursements of tax credits (2.0% of 2019 GDP); (iv) No amount/estimate: tax exemptions for bonuses in "essential" sectors; (v) March 25, EUR1.75 billion in tax breaks and grants to startups; (vi) April 20, EUR390 million road transport fund (liquidity for road transport sector); (vii) EUR0.5 billion for postponement of part of the unemployment insurance reform; (viii) May 25, EUR8 billion proposed rescue plan for country's car industry which has been severely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic (proposal stage); (ix) EUR18 billion Tourism rescue plan and EUR10 billion Aeronautic sector rescue plan (still in the proposal stage) [update]; (x) No amount/estimate: June 2, Extended the postponement of social security payments through the month of June 2020 [update].
|Germany||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR||780,430,000,000||863,307,522,124|
|Germany||05A||05A - Health support||EUR||70,800,000,000||78,318,584,071||Federal Ministry of Finance. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/EN/Pressemitteilungen/2020/2020-03-23-supplementary-budget.html (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry of Health. https://www.bundesgesundheitsministerium.de/coronavirus.html (accessed 8 June 2020).||
(i) March 23, EUR3.5 billion for emergency measures, such as procuring protective suits and masks, funding for development of a vaccine and treatment, support services provided by the Federal Armed Forces, assistance for German and European Union citizens abroad, and public outreach to keep the population informed; (ii) EUR55 billion funds made available for further pandemic control projects; (iii) EUR2.8 billion will be provided by the Federal government as additional funding for hospitals to balance losses due to rescheduled surgeries and to increase intensive care unit (ICU) capacity; (iv) June 3, the government decided on a new stimulus package which includes EUR9.5 billion to strengthen health care, by investing in local health offices, more modern hospitals, sufficient medicines, and protective equipment [update].
|Germany||05B||05B - Income support||EUR||709,630,000,000||784,988,938,053||Federal Ministry of Finance. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/EN/Pressemitteilungen/2020/2020-03-23-supplementary-budget.html (accessed 17 April 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#germany (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry of Finance and Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. https://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/EN/Downloads/a/a-protective-shield-for-employees-and-companies.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=3 (accessed 17 April 2020); Tax Foundation. https://taxfoundation.org/kurzarbeit-germany-short-work-subsidy-scheme/ (accessed 17 April 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 30 April 2020; 8 May 2020); Bundesministerium der Finanzen. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Pressemitteilungen/Finanzpolitik/2020/05/2020-05-06-Hilfen-Gastronomie.html (accessed 9 May 2020); Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. https://www.bmas.de/DE/Presse/Pressemitteilungen/2020/sozialschutzpaket-ii-weitere-hilfen-fuer-arbeitnehmer.html (accessed 21 May 2020); Politico. https://www.politico.eu/article/german-coalition-agrees-e130b-economic-rescue-package/ (accessed 4 June 2020).||
(i) March 23, EUR50 billion in direct grants to distressed one-person businesses and micro-enterprises; (ii) EUR7.7 billion to expand access to welfare payments such as child allowance and income support, removing means-testing rules, and including self-employed workers; (iii) EUR500 billion (Bruegel estimate) tax deferrals for businesses, that is, EUR70 billion for direct corporate income tax plus EUR430 billion if we include indirect taxes and social contributions (assuming 75% tax deferral and 5% of gross domestic product [GDP] loss in 2020); (iv) EUR10 billion for keeping people employed, by expanding the reduced hours compensation benefit scheme (‘Kurzarbeitergeld’); (v) Subsidies to loans (included in the EUR357 billion mentioned in Measure 1) made available through KfW; (vi) No amount/estimate: April 22, The government decided to increase the replacement rate of lost net earnings to 70% for childless workers and to 77% for workers with children from the fourth month of short-time work onwards if they have reduced their working time by at least 50%. In the seventh month, payments are increased further to 80% and 87% respectively; (vii) April, The labour agency will cover 100% of social-security contributions for lost hours of short-time workers; (viii) No amount/estimate: Starting on July 1, the reduced VAT rate of 7% will be applicable to restaurants for 12 months; (ix) No amount/estimate: May 6, (a) Sales tax rate for restaurant and catering services rendered between 30 June 2020 and 1 July 2021 will be reduced from 19% to 7%, except for beverage sales; (b) Employer grants for short-time work benefits and seasonal short-time work benefits for wage payment between 29 February 2020 and 1 January 2021 will be up to 80% of the difference between the target salary and the actual salary; (x) May 14, Under the Social Protection Package, The increase in short-time work benefits leads to additional expenditure in the budget of the Federal Employment Agency of an estimated EUR680 million. The extension of the eligibility period for unemployment benefit leads to additional expenditure in the budget of the Federal Labor Agency estimated around EUR1.95 billion; (xi) June 3, A new stimulus package which includes: (a) Economic and crisis management package, mainly tax cuts and investments (EUR59.7 billion), (b) Strengthen Länder and municipalities (EUR15.6 billion), (c) Social expenditure (EUR9 billion), (d) Future programme (green and technological) (EUR47 billion), (e) Humanitarian aid (EUR3 billion), and (f) Equity for public railways (EUR5 billion) [update].
|Ireland||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR||9,591,000,000||10,609,513,274|
|Ireland||05A||05A - Health support||EUR||1,005,000,000||1,111,725,664||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020).||
(i) Extra funding of EUR1 billion (0.5% of GNI) to the Health Service Executive for improving capacity in the health service; (ii) EUR5 million allocate for 26 COVID-19 research projects.
|Ireland||05B||05B - Income support||EUR||8,586,000,000||9,497,787,611||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020); DBEI. https://dbei.gov.ie/en/News-And-Events/Department-News/2020/May/02052020.html (accessed 9 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 9 May 2020); DBEI. https://dbei.gov.ie/en/News-And-Events/Department-News/2020/May/15052020b.html (accessed 1 June 2020). IE. https://www.gov.ie/en/publication/f7f70-30m-funding-under-the-rural-development-investment-programme/ (accessed 12 June 2020); DBEI. https://dbei.gov.ie/en/News-And-Events/Department-News/2020/June/04062020.html (accessed 12 June 2020).||
March 9, The government has so far announced a stimulus package of EUR6.3 billion (3.2% of GDP) in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. It includes EUR2.4 billion for illness benefit payments announced on 9 March, as well as a further EUR3.7 billion announced on 24 March to cover the cost of a new Wage Subsidy Scheme. The government has also announced direct financial support for businesses. No amount/estimate: (i) Local Enterprise Offices in every county will be providing vouchers from EUR2,500 up to EUR10,000; (ii) a Finance in Focus grant of EUR7,200 will be available to Enterprise Ireland and Údarás na Gaeltachta clients; (iii) the government agreed with local authorities that they should defer business rates payments due from the most immediately affected businesses until the end of May; (iv) variety of taxation measures to alleviate short-term difficulties. For example, interest on late payments and all debt enforcement activity have been suspended and current tax clearance status will remain in place for all businesses; (v) Moratoriums on evictions and rent increases for duration of Covid emergency. The Commission for Regulation of Utilities has issued a moratorium on disconnections of domestic customers for non-payment to the gas and electricity suppliers; (vi) May 2, EUR250 million "Restart Grant" for micro and small businesses based on a rates/waiver rebate from 2019. 15 May, Approved details of the "Restart Grant" for small businesses (for costs associated with reopening and reemploying workers) . Grants will be available to businesses with turnover of less than EUR 5 million and employing 50 people or less, with at least 25% reduction in turnover by June 30, 2020. The grants will be equivalent to the rates bill of the business in 2019, with a minimum payment of EUR 2,000 and maximum of EUR 10,000. Applications open on Friday, May 22, 2020 ; (vii) EUR2 billion (estimate) for a three month commercial rates waiver for impacted businesses and the ‘warehousing’ of tax liabilities for a period of twelve months after recommencement of trading during which time there will be no debt enforcement action taken by Revenue and no interest charge accruing in respect of the warehoused debt; (viii) June 9, EUR30 million for the Rural Development Investment Programme under Project Ireland 2040 to support the social and economic recovery of rural communities over the coming months [update]; (ix) EUR6 million Enterprise Ireland funding for access to cutting edge R&D equipment in Technology Gateways and Centres to increase R&D collaboration and competitiveness for companies [update].