Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Central Bank 05B1 05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes EUR
European Central Bank 05B2 05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction EUR
European Central Bank 05B3 05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households EUR
European Central Bank 05B4 05B4 - Subsidies to businesses EUR
European Central Bank 05B5 05B5 - Indirect income support EUR
European Central Bank 05B6 05B6 - No breakdown (income support) EUR
European Central Bank 05C 05C - No breakdown (health and income support) EUR
European Union 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 16,560,000,000 18,318,584,071
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 11,433,000,000 12,647,123,894 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/09/11/addressing-covid-19-council-approves-6-2-billion-budget-increase-for-2020/ (accessed 12 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1671 (accessed 21 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1680 (accessed 21 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1416 (accessed 1 August 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1829 (accessed 10 October 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-271-covid-19-eib-provides-eur50-million-to-navarre-to-strengthen-its-health-response-to-covid-19 (accessed 15 October 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2136 (accessed 21 November 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2200 (accessed 28 November 2020).

(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March 2020, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April 2020, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion) from the EU budget. 11 September 2020, the EC agreed to add EUR6.2 billion to the EU 2020 budget to address the impact of the COVID-19-crisis and to fund inter alia the vaccine strategy. The revised budget increases payments for the Emergency Support Instrument (ESI) by EUR1.09 billion to ensure the development and deployment of a COVID-19 vaccine. The European Commission will use this money as a down-payment for pre-ordering vaccine doses. 18 September 2020, EU allocates EUR150 million for the transport of essential medical items through the ESI and entered into a contract with Sanofi-GSK to purchase up to 300 million doses of the Sanofi-GSK vaccine; (iv) EUR63 million, European Commission secures EU access to Remdesivir (first European treatment authorised for COVID-19); (v) No amount/estimate: 8 October 2020, the EC approved a third contract with a pharmaceutical company, Janssen Pharmaceutica NV, one of the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson. Once the vaccine has proven to be safe and effective against COVID-19, the contract allows EU Member States to purchase vaccines for 200 million people. They will also have the possibility to purchase vaccines for an additional 200 million people; (vi) 13 October 2020, EIB is providing EUR50 million to the Autonomous Community of Navarre, Spain to strengthen its capacity to respond to the COVID-19 health crisis. The EU bank financing will enable the Spanish region to adapt its healthcare infrastructure to meet the additional costs generated by the pandemic; (vii) No amount/estimate: 17 November 2020, EC approves a fifth contract with CureVac for the initial purchase of 225 million doses of potential vaccine; (viii) No amount/estimate: 25 November 2020, The European Commission approved a sixth contract under the EU Vaccines Strategy, with the pharmaceutical company Moderna. The contract provides for the initial purchase of 80 million doses on behalf of all EU Member States.

European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 5,127,000,000 5,671,460,177
European Union 05B1 05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes EUR
European Union 05B2 05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction EUR Council of the EU. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/12/07/council-greenlights-temporary-vat-relief-on-covid-19-vaccines-and-test-kits/ (accessed 7 December 2020).

(i) 7 December 2020: The Council of Europe adopted amendments to the directive on the common system of value added tax (VAT) to allow member states to temporarily exempt COVID-19 vaccines and testing kits, as well as closely related services, from VAT. [update]

European Union 05B3 05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households EUR 179,000,000 198,008,850 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020).

European Union 05B4 05B4 - Subsidies to businesses EUR 148,000,000 163,716,814 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 May 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1221 (accessed 9 July 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: 19 March 2020, EU Commission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules. On 8 May 2020, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework to recapitalization and subordinated debt measures to further support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. The amended Temporary Framework will be in place until the end of December 2020, except for recapitalization measures which has an extended period by the end of June 2021. The Commission will assess before these dates if they need to be extended. 19 June 2020, third amendment to the State aid extends Temporary Framework to enable Member States to provide public support under the Temporary Framework to all micro and small companies, even if they were already in financial difficulty on 31 December 2019; (ii) 8 June 2020, European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot fund issued grants of EUR148 million to innovative companies.

European Union 05B5 05B5 - Indirect income support EUR 4,800,000,000 5,309,734,513 EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_997 (accessed 12 June 2020); ESF. https://esf.ie/en/covid-19/react-eu/ (accessed 5 September 2020).

(i) June 2020, EUR4.8 billion (in grants from the amended 2020 annual EU budget) for REACT-EU that will provide additional funding for the most important sectors that will be crucial to lay the basis for a sound recovery. This will involve investment to support job maintenance, including through short-time work schemes and support for the self-employed. The funds can also be used to support job creation and youth employment measures, to health care systems and the provision of working capital and investment support for small and medium-sized enterprises. Such support will be available across economic sectors, including for the much-affected tourism and culture sectors. The additional support will also serve to invest in the European Green Deal and digital transition, as an enhancement to the significant investment in those areas that is already taking place through EU cohesion policy.

European Union 05B6 05B6 - No breakdown (income support) EUR
European Union 05C 05C - No breakdown (health and income support) EUR
Tajikistan 05 05 - Health and income support TJS
Tajikistan 05A 05A - Health support TJS CAREC Institute; President of the Republic of Tajikistan. http://www.president.tj/en/node/23633 (accessed 21 August 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: 22 May 2020, The Ministry of Health Care and Social Protection was instructed to adjust operation of hospitals, outpatient facilities, healthcare centers, medical facilities, and to supply them with medicines, and modern equipment. The virology laboratory will be launched in Sughd region of Tajikistan in the next few days, where COVID-19 tests will be made; August 2020: (ii) To fight against the coronavirus pandemic, a special account of the Ministry of Health and Social Protection of the Population had been opened, and to-date, more than TJS4 million has been spent from that account for the purchase of medical equipment and medications; (iii) Further, TJS13.4 million worth of medicines and medical equipment has been purchased at the expense of the Health Ministry's budget.

Tajikistan 05B 05B - Income support TJS
Tajikistan 05B1 05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes TJS CAREC Institute; IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 16 October 2020).

No amount/estimate, June 2020: (i) The Government is providing VAT exemptions on essential imports; (ii) Tariff increases on electricity, water, and communal services have been postponed until end of 2020; (iii) Government is providing time-bound tax holidays to targeted industries and small businesses until 1 September 2020.

Tajikistan 05B2 05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction TJS
Tajikistan 05B3 05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households TJS President of the Republic of Tajikistan. http://president.tj/en/node/22895 (accessed 19 June 2020); CAREC Institute; IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 16 October 2020); President of the Republic of Tajikistan. http://www.president.tj/en/node/23422; http://www.president.tj/en/node/23633 (accessed 21 August 2020).

(i) 2 May 2020, President Emomali Rahmon has allocated TJS12.4 million from the Presidential Reserve to supplement the salaries of health and social protection workers for 3 months, who are directly involved in the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 infection in medical and quarantined medical institutions and TJS11 million has been allocated to provide hospitals with food products;​ (ii) No amount/estimate: 19 May 2020, The President sent an assistance package to the Sughd Province. The package consists of 900 tons of food to provide socioeconomic support for doctors and those infected with COVID-19; No amount/estimate, June 2020: (iii) The Government is providing lumpsum assistance equivalent to the minimum wage to vulnerable households and other socially disadvantaged groups. Health workers are also expected to receive supplemental pay; (iv) The government is providing free medical care to citizens placed under medical care and COVID-19 patients, as well as sick leave and compensation benefits; (v) Anti-COVID measures also include subsidizing food for the population; (vi) No amount/estimate: 17 July 2020, The President signed a government decree providing one-time payment to vulnerable groups in the amount of a month's minimum salary.

Tajikistan 05B4 05B4 - Subsidies to businesses TJS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 16 October 2020).

(i) Government is providing grain, seed and fuel to farms to boost food security, and relief to targeted industries and small businesses until 1 September 2020; (ii) Anti-COVID measures also include financial support to SMEs.

Tajikistan 05B5 05B5 - Indirect income support TJS
Tajikistan 05C 05C - No breakdown (health and income support) TJS
Turkmenistan 05 05 - Health and income support TMT
Turkmenistan 05A 05A - Health support TMT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 November 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: The Government announced that a bonus salary of 20%, 15%, and 10% will be given to healthcare professionals working in the remote rural facilities, frontline facilities, and other rural facilities, respectively.

Turkmenistan 05B 05B - Income support TMT
Turkmenistan 05B1 05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes TMT
Turkmenistan 05B2 05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction TMT
Turkmenistan 05B3 05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households TMT
Turkmenistan 05B4 05B4 - Subsidies to businesses TMT
Turkmenistan 05B5 05B5 - Indirect income support TMT
Turkmenistan 05B6 05B6 - No breakdown (income support) TMT
Turkmenistan 05C 05C - No breakdown (health and income support) TMT
European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR