Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Cook Islands 05 05 - Health and income support NZD 61,000,000 36,902,601 Ministry of Finance and Economic Management. http://www.mfem.gov.ck/images/MFEM_Documents/COVID-19/Cook_Islands_Economic_Response_to_COVID-19.pdf (accessed 13 April 2020).

The Government’s COVID-19 Economic Response Plan with a total value of NZD61 million has three objectives. The first is to stimulate demand through support to local business to ensure that the economy is able to continue to operate, even at a reduced level, during this period of extreme uncertainty surrounding COVID-19. The second is to support the livelihoods of those that are likely to be most affected by the economic fallout, including those required to self-isolate, those that lose their jobs and the elderly and infirm. The third objective is to achieve the first two objectives in a fiscally responsible manner that does not undermine the Government’s ability to undertake further fiscal intervention over the longer-term, should that prove necessary. Breakdown as follows: (i) NZD5 million, Ministry of Health; (ii) NZD2.3 million support for self-isolation; (iii) NZD2 million small capital works program; (iv) NZD12 million major capital projects; (v) NZD0.97 million unemployment benefit; (vi) NZD22.51 million wage subsidy; (vii) NZD1 million child benefit payment; (vii) NZD0.87 million one-off welfare payment; (viii) NZD50 thousand redeployment program; (ix) NZD3.36 million business grants; (x) NZD2.32 million indirect costs (tax relief, TAU,etc).

Cook Islands 05A 05A - Health support NZD
Cook Islands 05B 05B - Income support NZD
European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Union 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 216,263,500,000 239,229,535,398
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 3,944,500,000 4,363,384,956 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1416 (accessed 1 August 2020).

(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion) from the EU budget; (iv) EUR63 million, European Commission secures EU access to Remdesivir (first European treatment authorised for COVID-19) [update]; (v) July 31, EUR1.5 million technical assistance grant awarded under the Economic Resilience Initiative (ERI) to complement the EIB loan for the rehabilitation of the road along the five main routes in Montenegro [update].

European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 212,319,000,000 234,866,150,442 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 May 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_997 (accessed 12 June 2020). EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1221 (accessed 9 July 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commision to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR 25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. On May 20, a Regulation establishing SURE entered into force. Countries will be able to use loans also in support of some health-related measures, esp. in the workplace. SURE will become available once all Member States have provided the required guarantees proportionally to gross national income, and will remain available until end-2022 (with the possibility to adjust this deadline) ; (iii) no amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules. On May 8, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework to recapitalization and subordinated debt measures to further support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. The amended Temporary Framework will be in place until the end of December 2020, except for recapitalization measures which has an extended period by the end of June 2021. The Commission will assess before these dates if they need to be extended. June 19, third amendment to the State aid extends Temporary Framework to enable Member States to provide public support under the Temporary Framework to all micro and small companies, even if they were already in financial difficulty on 31 December 2019 ; (iv) March, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps; (v) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competences for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings; (vi) June 8, European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot fund issued grants of EUR140 million to innovative companies ; (vii) Proposed modifications to its 2020 budget to make EUR 11.5 billion available for the hardest hit regions, and to support businesses, including those outside of EU borders. These modifications are stopgap measures to provide support while waiting for the European Commission to ratify a budget containing the "Next Generation EU" recovery instrument; (viii)

Federated States of Micronesia 05 05 - Health and income support USD 35,000,000 35,000,000
Federated States of Micronesia 05A 05A - Health support USD 20,000,000 20,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

To address the emergency caused by COVID-19, the national government has prepared a USD20 million (or about 5% of GDP) COVID-19 Response Framework, in order to develop quarantine and isolation facilities across the nation, provide mandatory infection control training for all first responders, and increase testing capacity and ventilators for each island state in the Federated States of Micronesia.

Federated States of Micronesia 05B 05B - Income support USD 15,000,000 15,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

April 22, The government approved the economic stimulus package of USD15 million (about 3.8% of GDP). The package includes measures to support affected businesses, including wage subsidies, debt relief, as well as social security tax and other tax rebates.

Fiji 05 05 - Health and income support FJD 1,160,000,000 526,411,327 WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 1 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 06 August 2020).

(i) March 26, A supplementary budget (FJD1 billion) was announced in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Supplemental expenditures on public health, lump sum payments through the Fiji National Provident Fund (FNPF), tax and tariff reductions, and loan repayment holidays aimed at protecting public health, supporting the economy, and ensuring food security. An Agricultural Response Package to ensure food security has also been announced. It includes the scaling up of the existing Home Gardening program and a new Farm Support Package which aims at boosting the production of short-term crops through seeds and materials distribution; and effective March 2020, No amount/estimate: (ii) Temporary elimination of import excise duty (from 15%) on ethanol for production of hand sanitizers; (iii) Temporary elimination of import fiscal duties on certain products like glove, masks, disposable hair nets, hospital beds, etc.; (iv) Temporary elimination of the VAT on imports of certain products like vaccines, pharmaceutical products, etc.; (v) Temporary increase of the import fiscal duties (by 0.2/L on fuel (diesel and petrol); (vi) June 4, Government expanded its unemployment assistance; (vii) July 17, a second fiscal package was announced as part of the FY2020-21 budget for the fiscal year beginning in August, consisting of sizeable tax and tariff cuts. The budget also entails a total of FJD100 million for unemployment assistance and a subsidy to Fiji Airways of FJD60 million to incentivize first 150,000 tourists in new fiscal year. [update]

Fiji 05A 05A - Health support FJD
Fiji 05B 05B - Income support FJD
Kiribati 05 05 - Health and income support AUD 32,900,000 21,955,980 Asian Development Bank. https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/622976/pem-july-2020.pdf (accessed 26 July 2020).

June, The Government of Kiribati mobilized its COVID-19 preparedness and response plan, valued at AUD32.9 million. The bulk of the funding will be for social and financial support (37.2%), health preparedness (36.2%), food security (12.4%), and education (9.2%). The remaining funds will support transportation, public awareness campaign, and small infrastructure works to refurbish isolation centers. Grants and subsidies are expected to be provided to businesses as well as state-owned enterprises to continue basic support services to the public. There will also be grants for unemployed I-Kiribati impacted by COVID-19, including seafarers, fisheries observers, fruit pickers, and casual workers in the construction and tourism industries.

Kiribati 05A 05A - Health support AUD
Kiribati 05B 05B - Income support AUD
Marshall Islands 05 05 - Health and income support USD 42,000,000 42,000,000 Ministry of Finance. COVID-19 Finances (accessed 27 May 2020); International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020, 7 August 2020).

April, The government has formulated a Coronavirus Disease Preparedness and Response Plan and is preparing preventive measures amounting to about USD7 million, including construction of quarantine units, purchases of medical equipment, installment of washing stations, and funding for overtime of health workers. May 19, The cost of the Plan currently stands at USD37 million, now including education and logistics cluster needs. The funds from the reprogrammed 1st and 2nd quarter unused salaries from the General Fund and the financial assistance from bilateral and multilateral partners have assisted the Government with its preparatory work for the entire Marshall Islands, as well as, provide some economic relief to the private sector most affected by the COVID-19. As of July 30, The Government has approved a budget of USD42 million for the national preparedness plan in response to the global health pandemic on COVID19 [update].

Marshall Islands 05A 05A - Health support USD
Marshall Islands 05B 05B - Income support USD
Nauru 05 05 - Health and income support AUD 9,100,000 6,072,931
Nauru 05A 05A - Health support AUD 3,500,000 2,335,743 International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 August 2020).

April: (i) Fiscal measures have not been deployed yet. Initial estimates from the health department suggests an estimated AUD5 million for health expenditures and isolation costs per 500 individuals (approximately 4% of the population); (ii) Initial estimates for health expenditures and isolation costs per 500 individuals have been revised to AUD3.5 million.

Nauru 05B 05B - Income support AUD 5,600,000 3,737,188 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 August 2020).

May: (i) Containment efforts have been sizable and expenditures on keeping the national airline and other state-owned enterprises (SOEs) afloat have been significant at about 5.5% of 2019 GDP. The immigration department estimates AUD5.1 million liquidity injections to Nauru Airlines, and an estimated AUD0.5 million in budget support to SOEs in managing inventory from limited freight and cargo services; (ii) The government has also used its cash buffers for the repatriation of Nauruans abroad.

Niue 05 05 - Health and income support NZD
Niue 05A 05A - Health support NZD
Niue 05B 05B - Income support NZD
Palau 05 05 - Health and income support USD 20,916,808 20,916,808
Palau 05A 05A - Health support USD 916,808 916,808 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 01 May 2020).

The government is taking actions to support the health sector and the economy. The parliament is appropriating an additional USD916,808 (0.3% of GDP) to the Hospital Trust Fund to help with prevention and preparation for COVID-19.

Palau 05B 05B - Income support USD 20,000,000 20,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 24 June 2020).

The government has also announced measures totaling USD20 million (8% of GDP) to mitigate economic and social hardship through targeted support to affected businesses and individuals. These include a new unemployment benefit scheme, temporary subsidies for utility bills, a new temporary job creation scheme for public works, and a lending scheme for the private sector.

Papua New Guinea 05 05 - Health and income support PGK 510,000,000 149,683,024
Papua New Guinea 05A 05A - Health support PGK 10,000,000 2,934,961 World Bank. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/375461585914799688/Stakeholder-Engagement-Plan-SEP-Papua-New-Guinea-COVID-19-Emergency-Response-Project-P173834 (accessed 7 April 2020).

PGK10 million was released to the National Department of Health.

Papua New Guinea 05B 05B - Income support PGK 500,000,000 146,748,063 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: The government has asked the superannuation funds to allow members who have been laid off from work due to COVID-19 to access their savings. On April 8, Superfunds announced that its members whose employment was terminated by their employer as a result of COVID-19 will be entitled to a one-off payment of 20% of the member’s contribution (PGK500 million support from superannuation savings to employees affected by the economic slowdown).

Samoa 05 05 - Health and income support WST 149,400,000 55,427,400 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 August 2020); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/05/savali-issue-21-dated-27-may-2020-savali-21-aso-27-me-2020/ (accessed 29 May 2020).

(i) April, The government has put together the first phase of the fiscal and economic response package, amounting to WST66.3 million. April 7, The package approved by parliament is centered around the mission of "Support the private sector so they can feed the nation." (ii) May 26, The Samoan government unveiled its second stimulus package of WST83 million (about USD29.88 million) to help the country's private sector battle against COVID-19. The measures tabled to the parliament include an extension of utility subsidies, retraining programs for unemployed workers, increases in monthly pensions, one-off cash payments to citizens, assistance to exporters, and support for nongovernment organizations; (iii) June 30, Parliament approved the FY2021 budget, including the second phase of the fiscal and economic response package that amounts to WST83.1 million. The budget is centered around the mission of “Weaving a prosperous and secure future for Samoa together,” and includes a similar set of measures as in the first stimulus package.

Samoa 05A 05A - Health support WST IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 August 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) April, The package includes expenditure to cover immediate medical response (See Measure 5: Government support to income/revenue). The government has been stepping up its efforts to increase the level of preparedness and prevention. Temporary quarantine facilities have been established in key areas; (ii) June 30, The health sector continues to be a priority sector for the government in light of the COVID19 pandemic. The package finances construction and upgrade of rural hospitals.

Samoa 05B 05B - Income support WST IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 August 2020); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/07/presentation-of-governments-stimulus-package-assistance-for-vulnerable-groups/ (accessed 7 August 2020).

No amount/estimate: April: (i) Support for the private sector includes (a) a temporary exemption on import duties on most commonly bought food items for households, (b) duty concessions to be applied to an expanded list of agricultural and fishing materials, and (c) a 6-month moratorium on pension contributions for the hospitality sector (See Measure 5: Government support to income/revenue); (ii) Support for citizens includes (a) establishment of the Emergency Price Control Board to keep wholesale and retail prices in check and bring them down, if necessary; (b) provision of financial assistance to members of the National Provident Fund in the form of a refund of their loan payments for March 2020; (c) and a temporary reduction of utility bills (both electricity and water) for 6 months through September 2020 (See Measure 5: Government support to income/revenue); (iii) To compensate part of the losses in interest income from the 3-month grace period applied to laon payments, local commercial banks will receive payments from the government; (iv) June 30, The second package provides a dividend payout by Samoa National Provident Fund, a benefit of WST50 per citizen for a national ID registration, a special one-off pension payment, unemployment benefit, financial support for utility bills, and paid training for the hospitality sector. The government will also continue to assist remote education services; (v) July 22, The Government of Samoa extends its financial assistance, as part of the Phase II of its COVID-19 stimulus package, to select nonprofit organizations within the country who work toward providing support services to citizens deemed as most vulnerable [update].

Solomon Islands 05 05 - Health and income support SBD 309,000,000 37,668,469
Solomon Islands 05A 05A - Health support SBD Solomon Islands Government. https://solomons.gov.sb/solomon-islands-government-economic-stimulus-package-to-address-the-impacts-of-the-covid-19-pandemic/ (accessed 11 June 2020).

May 6, Part of the stimulus package provided by the government includes a USD10 million health grant to support health needs of the provincial health hospitals, clinics, and rural health centers (See package in Measure 5B).

Solomon Islands 05B 05B - Income support SBD 309,000,000 37,668,469 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 August 2020); Solomon Islands Government. https://solomons.gov.sb/solomon-islands-government-economic-stimulus-package-to-address-the-impacts-of-the-covid-19-pandemic/ (accessed 12 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: April: (i) The government has scaled down nonessential public services and will support affected public officers with one-off travel allowance; (ii) The government has not laid off any public servants, but instead required them to take leave on half pay; (iii) The National Provident Fund has made funds available to its members that are temporarily laid off or returned home; (iv) Two state-owned enterprises (Solomon Islands Ports Authority and Solomon Islands Electricity Authority) are providing dividend payments to support the government’s COVID-19 preparedness and response plan; (v) April 8, The stimulus package is expected to include (a) utility relief from Solomon Power and Ports Authority, (b) loan and interest relief from banks and financial institutions, (c) tax relief for specific sectors, and (d) ongoing payroll support for nonessential public servants; (vi) Measures will likely include capital grants to businesses to support investment in productive and resource sectors, focusing on investments that add value to agricultural products and the fisheries, forestry and tourism sectors, including through a new Covid-19 finance product to support agricultural ventures; (vii) It will also be used to finance specific investments and products of the Development Bank of Solomon Islands; (viii) May 6, The government has adopted a COVID-19 economic stimulus package of SBD309 million (about 2.5% of GDP), to be financed by both government and donors. The package aims to provide social assistance to vulnerable households and firms, as well as supporting economic recovery. These includes employment support for youth and women and advancing planned infrastructure investments; (ix) May 26, The Prime Minister made a statement that the stimulus package costs SBD319 million; (x) No amount/estimate: June 15, The cabinet revoked the decision on half pay for non-essential public servants that started on March 31. Any salary that was withheld will be repaid when officers are recalled to duty.

Tonga 05 05 - Health and income support TOP 60,000,000 26,119,636
Tonga 05A 05A - Health support TOP 20,000,000 8,706,545 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

April 2, Based on an initial assessment of the overall impact of COVID-19 on the economy, the Government of Tonga announced an Economic and Social Stimulus Package of TOP60 million (5.3% of GDP) for FY 2020. This package is intended to provide short-term assistance to all affected sectors in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Over a third of the funds will be directed to the health sector, while the rest will support the other sectors, including tourism, transport, agriculture, education and security.

Tonga 05B 05B - Income support TOP 40,000,000 17,413,091 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) This covers two-thirds of the TOP60 million Stimulus Package for other sectors in Measure 5 under Health; (ii) No amount/estimate: The Government of Tonga announced a deferral of retirement contributions and hardship allowances for laid-off employees (up to 3 months), needs-based financial assistance, tax and duty relief during the pandemic, and assistance with the payment of utility bills by public enterprises.