Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Arab Republic of Egypt 05 05 - Health and income support EGP 102,180,000,000 6,502,079,371 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

Multiple packages have been announced by the government to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19, totalling over EGP102 billion: (i) March 22, EGP100 billion (1.8% of GDP) or USD6.13 billion was announced as the total of stimulus policies to be enacted by the government to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19; (ii) March 24, EGP1 billion additional funding for health services; (iii) April 2, additional USD7.9 million disgnated for emergency respone activities related to the outbreak; (iv) EGP1 billion in arrears will be paid out to exporters. More data on the breakdown of these packages below.

Arab Republic of Egypt 05A 05A - Health support EGP OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) March 22, EGP8 billion has been allocated to support the healthcare sector, targeted at providing urgent and necessary medical supplies, and disbursing bonuses for medical staff working in quarantine hospitals and labs; (ii) March 22, To support medical professionals, including doctors working in university hospitals, a 75% allowance over the wages has been announced; (iii) March 24, EGP1 billion (USD63.5 million) additional funding was announced, specifically for health services and various measures to increase the country’s capacity to absorb the sudden increase of critical patients that the outbreak might bring; (iv) April 2, additional USD7.9 million designated for emergency response activities related to the COVID-19 outbreak.

Arab Republic of Egypt 05B 05B - Income support EGP World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: March 22, Pension benefits have been increased by 14%; (ii) No amount/estimate: March 22, Expansion of the targeted cash transfer social programs, Takaful and Karama, are also being extended to reach more families; (iii) No amount/estimate: March 22, A targeted support initiative for irregular workers in most severely hit sectors has been announced, which will entail EGP500 in monthly grants for 3 months; (iv) No amount/estimate: March 22, Energy costs have been lowered for the entire industrial sector; (v) No amount/estimate: March 22, Real estate tax relief has been provided for industrial and tourism sectors, (vi) No amount/estimate: March 22, Subsidy pay-out for exporters has been stepped up, and discount on fuel price has been announced for the aviation sector; (vii) March 22, EGP50 billion of the EGP100 billion stimulus has been announced for the tourism sector, which contributes close to 12% of Egypt’s GDP, 10% of employment, and almost 4% of GDP in terms of receipts, as of 2019; (viii) No amount/estimate: The moratorium on the tax law on agricultural land has been extended for 2 years; (ix) No amount/estimate: The stamp duty on transactions and tax on dividends have been reduced; (x) No amount/estimate: Capital gains tax has been postponed until further notice; (xii) No amount/estimate: ATM withdrawal fees have been cancelled; (xiii) EGP1 billion in arrears will be paid out by The Export Subsidy Fund in March and April 2020, plus 10% in cash payments to exporters in June 2020; (xiv) No amount/estimate: Three months extension for the payment of property taxes for companies in the industrial and tourism sector; (xv) No amount/estimate: Extension of the individuals’ annual tax return filing deadline to 16 April instead of 31 March, and exemption of the tax returns online filing subscription fee for the use of the Egyptian Tax Authority online filing portal; (xvi) EGP50 million allocated by the Ministry of Workforce for irregular workers, including women, who lost their job due to the coronavirus.

Argentina 05 05 - Health and income support ARS 135,021,000,000 2,151,729,084
Argentina 05A 05A - Health support ARS 6,000,000,000 95,617,530 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 5 May 2020).

(i) Established Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production for employers and workers affected by the health emergency; (ii) authorized ARS 6 billion to Argentine provinces to strengthen municipal health systems and finances; (iii) created an Emergency Family Income (IFE) to compensate the loss or serious decrease in the income of people linked to the informal sector; (iv) low-income monotributistas, and the workers and workers of private households affected by the health emergency; (v) implemented Universal Child Allowance (AUH) and Universal Pregnancy Allowance (AUE) payments, worth ARS3,103 per month for each child; (vi) increase in budget items for therapeutic communities, homes with coexistence and homes for care and community accompaniments; (vii) increased the monthly non-remunerative financial to temporary workers in the agricultural and agro-industrial sectors.

Argentina 05B 05B - Income support ARS 129,021,000,000 2,056,111,554 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 May 2020).

(i) Increased budget for public investment in road works, economic infrastructure, construction and renovation of houses, schools, kindergartens, and tourism by ARS100 billion; (ii) suspended fees and commissions for ATM operations (deposits, withdrawals, inquiries, etc.) through June 30, 2020; (iii) exempted the payment of employment contributions to sectors criticaly affected by the coronavirus pandemic; (iv) reinforced unemployment insurance; (v) ordered an extraordinary payment to the holders of the Food Card; (vi) May 1, established emergency economic assistance within the framework of the Self-Managed Work Program; (vii) May 1, declared that Emergency Family Income (IFE), Universal Child Allowance (AUH), and the Complementary Salary (SC) are not taxable as part of gross income; (viii) No amount/estimate: May 5, expanded the Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production to cover more companies and activities; (ix) No amount/estimate: May 6, increased the benefits and number of beneficiaries; (x) No amount/estimate: May 11, updated the amounts of economic aid provided under the Job Insertion Program; (xi) No amount/estimate: May 12, required Banks to refund fees associated with the National Social Security Administration (ANSES) and Emergency Family Income (IFE) benefit; (x) May 14, ARS29 billion federal program which includes the construction of 5,500 new homes, the financing of 42,900 parts that include gas, electricity and sanitary infrastructure works, the granting of microcredits for the acquisition of construction materials and the carrying out of small-scale works, as well as the conditioning of community spaces in popular neighborhoods. Estimated to generate 750 thousand direct and indirect jobs between 2020 and 2021; (xi) No amount/estimate: May 18, announced an increase of 6.12% for all retirees and pensioners according to the scale of the pyramid, which brings the minimum retirement to 16,864 pesos and the maximum credit to 113,479 pesos, also includes increases in non-contributory pensions, the Universal Child Allowance, the Universal Pregnancy Allowance and the Family Allowances; (xii) May 22, ARS21 million for the acquisition of 70,000 new computers, within the framework of the federal connectivity program "Juana Manso" that carries out the educational portfolio; (xiii) No amount/estimate: June 5, ordered payment of 3 thousand pesos for those under the Empower Work Program and did not receive IFE; (xiv) No amount/estimate: June 9, national government extended the right to double compensation for individuals who are dismissed from their jobs without just cause; (xv) No amount/estimate: June 9, exempted temporarily from payment of income tax for overtime, guards and additional personnel of Health, Armed, and Security Forces and other activities related to the health emergency. [update]

Brazil 05 05 - Health and income support BRL 175,285,040,000 35,895,393,872
Brazil 05A 05A - Health support BRL 28,788,040,000 5,895,300,788 OECD . Https://oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed May 28)

(i) An additional 0.4% of GDP have been assigned to the public healthcare system, in addition to transfers to state and municipal governments who bear the main responsibility for public healthcare; (ii) Taxes and import duties on goods used by hospitals have been zeroed and import procedures eased. (iii) Field hospitals are being built and efforts are underway to procure respirators and augment ICU capacity; (iv) The Health Ministry opened 5,800 vacancies for doctors; (v) Resident doctors will receive a 20% bonus, worth USD 130.

Brazil 05B 05B - Income support BRL 146,497,000,000 30,000,093,083 Institute of International Finance (IIF) https://www.iif.com/Portals/0/Files/Databases/COVID-19_responses.pdf?ver=2020-04-24-173749-083 (Accessed 29 April 2020).

(i) Announced a comprehensive fiscal package worth USD30 billion, that includes expansion and front-loading of social assistance/benefit payments; (ii) expanding the Bolsa Familia program with the inclusion of over 1 million more beneficiaries, cash transfers to informal and unemployed workers, and advance payments of salary bonuses to low income workers; (iii) USD1.5 billion to finance two months of payroll for firms impacted by COVID-19; (iv) Announced several measures, which include bringing forward the 13th pension payment to retirees, expanding the Bolsa Familia program, providing an emergency cash transfer to households; and (v) Introducing temporary tax breaks and credit lines through the state-owned banks, lowering taxes and import levies on essential medical supplies, and assisting state and local governments.

Cook Islands 05 05 - Health and income support NZD 61,000,000 36,902,601 Ministry of Finance and Economic Management. http://www.mfem.gov.ck/images/MFEM_Documents/COVID-19/Cook_Islands_Economic_Response_to_COVID-19.pdf (accessed 13 April 2020).

The Government’s COVID-19 Economic Response Plan with a total value of NZD61 million has three objectives. The first is to stimulate demand through support to local business to ensure that the economy is able to continue to operate, even at a reduced level, during this period of extreme uncertainty surrounding COVID-19. The second is to support the livelihoods of those that are likely to be most affected by the economic fallout, including those required to self-isolate, those that lose their jobs and the elderly and infirm. The third objective is to achieve the first two objectives in a fiscally responsible manner that does not undermine the Government’s ability to undertake further fiscal intervention over the longer-term, should that prove necessary. Breakdown as follows: (i) NZD5 million, Ministry of Health; (ii) NZD2.3 million support for self-isolation; (iii) NZD2 million small capital works program; (iv) NZD12 million major capital projects; (v) NZD0.97 million unemployment benefit; (vi) NZD22.51 million wage subsidy; (vii) NZD1 million child benefit payment; (vii) NZD0.87 million one-off welfare payment; (viii) NZD50 thousand redeployment program; (ix) NZD3.36 million business grants; (x) NZD2.32 million indirect costs (tax relief, TAU,etc).

Cook Islands 05A 05A - Health support NZD
Cook Islands 05B 05B - Income support NZD
European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Union 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 216,199,000,000 239,158,185,841
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 3,880,000,000 4,292,035,398 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion) from the EU budget.

European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 212,319,000,000 234,866,150,442 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 May 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_997 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commision to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR 25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. On May 20, a Regulation establishing SURE entered into force. Countries will be able to use loans also in support of some health-related measures, esp. in the workplace. SURE will become available once all Member States have provided the required guarantees proportionally to gross national income, and will remain available until end-2022 (with the possibility to adjust this deadline) ; (iii) no amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules. On May 8, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework to recapitalization and subordinated debt measures to further support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. The amended Temporary Framework will be in place until the end of December 2020, except for recapitalization measures which has an extended period by the end of June 2021. The Commission will assess before these dates if they need to be extended; (iv) March, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps; (v) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competences for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings; (vi) June 8, European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot fund issued grants of EUR140 million to innovative companies [update]; (vii) Proposed modifications to its 2020 budget to make EUR 11.5 billion available for the hardest hit regions, and to support businesses, including those outside of EU borders. These modifications are stopgap measures to provide support while waiting for the European Commission to ratify a budget containing the "Next Generation EU" recovery instrument [update].

Federated States of Micronesia 05 05 - Health and income support USD 35,000,000 35,000,000
Federated States of Micronesia 05A 05A - Health support USD 20,000,000 20,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

To address the emergency caused by COVID-19, the national government has prepared a USD20 million (or about 5% of GDP) COVID-19 Response Framework, in order to develop quarantine and isolation facilities across the nation, provide mandatory infection control training for all first responders, and increase testing capacity and ventilators for each island state in the Federated States of Micronesia.

Federated States of Micronesia 05B 05B - Income support USD 15,000,000 15,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

April 22, The government approved the economic stimulus package of USD15 million (about 3.8% of GDP). The package includes measures to support affected businesses, including wage subsidies, debt relief, as well as social security tax and other tax rebates.

Fiji 05 05 - Health and income support FJD 1,000,000,000 453,802,868 WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 1 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) March 26, A supplementary budget (FJD1 billion) was announced in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Supplemental expenditures on public health, lump sum payments through the Fiji National Provident Fund (FNPF), tax and tariff reductions, and loan repayment holidays aimed at protecting public health, supporting the economy, and ensuring food security. An Agricultural Response Package to ensure food security has also been announced. It includes the scaling up of the existing Home Gardening program and a new Farm Support Package which aims at boosting the production of short-term crops through seeds and materials distribution; and effective March 2020, No amount/estimate: (ii) Temporary elimination of import excise duty (from 15%) on ethanol for production of hand sanitizers; (iii) Temporary elimination of import fiscal duties on certain products like glove, masks, disposable hair nets, hospital beds, etc.; (iv) Temporary elimination of the VAT on imports of certain products like vaccines, pharmaceutical products, etc.; (v) Temporary increase of the import fiscal duties (by 0.2/L on fuel (diesel and petrol); (vi) June 4, Government expanded its unemployment assistance. Further details to follow. [update]

Fiji 05A 05A - Health support FJD
Fiji 05B 05B - Income support FJD
Islamic Republic of Iran 05 05 - Health and income support IRR 2,206,300,570,560,000 52,530,965,966
Islamic Republic of Iran 05A 05A - Health support IRR 459,645,952,200,000 10,943,951,243 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

Additional funding to health sector at 2% of GDP.

Islamic Republic of Iran 05B 05B - Income support IRR 1,746,654,618,360,000 41,587,014,723 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) Moratorium on tax payments at 7% of GDP; (ii) cash transfer to vulnerable householders at 0.3% of GDP; (iii) support to unemployment insurance fund at 0.3% of GDP.

Kiribati 05 05 - Health and income support AUD
Kiribati 05A 05A - Health support AUD
Kiribati 05B 05B - Income support AUD
Marshall Islands 05 05 - Health and income support USD 37,000,000 37,000,000 Ministry of Finance. COVID-19 Finances (accessed 27 May 2020); International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020).

April, The government has formulated a Coronavirus Disease Preparedness and Response Plan and is preparing preventive measures amounting to about USD7 million, including construction of quarantine units, purchases of medical equipment, installment of washing stations, and funding for overtime of health workers. May 19, The cost of the Plan currently stands at USD37 million, now including education and logistics cluster needs. The funds from the reprogrammed 1st and 2nd quarter unused salaries from the General Fund and the financial assistance from bilateral and multilateral partners have assisted the Government with its preparatory work for the entire Marshall Islands, as well as, provide some economic relief to the private sector most affected by the COVID-19.

Marshall Islands 05A 05A - Health support USD
Marshall Islands 05B 05B - Income support USD
Mexico 05 05 - Health and income support MXN 205,035,000,000 9,332,923,665
Mexico 05A 05A - Health support MXN 180,000,000,000 8,193,363,376 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed on 30 April 2020).

(i) Ensure that the Ministry of Health has sufficient resources and does not face red-tape, and sufficient supply of medical equipment and materials;(ii) Advance pension payments to the elderly; (iii) Accelerate the tender processes for public spending to ensure full budget execution; (iv) Consider setting-up a Health Emergency Fund to request additional resources from Congress, that could reach up to MXN180 billion.

Mexico 05B 05B - Income support MXN 25,035,000,000 1,139,560,289 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed on 30 April 2020); AMLO. https://lopezobrador.org.mx/2020/04/05/presidente-anuncia-acciones-para-la-reactivacion-economica-ante-covid-19-en-primer-informe-del-ano-al-pueblo-de-mexico-2/ (accessed 30 April 2020).

(i) Frontloading of social pension and disability payments by four months; (ii) Accelerating procurement processes and VAT refunds; (iv) MXN35 million - Some workers accessing loans against their social security accounts; (v) Public housing credit institute covering three months of workers’ debt (defer further six months for those let go); (vi) MXN25 billion - Introduction of drinking water, drainage, pavement, and the construction and improvement of 50,000 homes in marginalized areas of 50 municipalities in the country.

Nauru 05 05 - Health and income support AUD 9,100,000 6,072,931
Nauru 05A 05A - Health support AUD 3,500,000 2,335,743 International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

April: (i) Fiscal measures have not been deployed yet. Initial estimates from the health department suggests an estimated AUD5 million for health expenditures and isolation costs per 500 individuals (approximately 4% of the population); (ii) Initial estimates for health expenditures and isolation costs per 500 individuals have been revised to AUD3.5 million.

Nauru 05B 05B - Income support AUD 5,600,000 3,737,188 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

May: (i) Containment efforts have been sizable and expenditures on keeping the national airline and other state-owned enterprises (SOEs) afloat have been significant at about 5.5% of 2019 GDP. The immigration department estimates AUD5.1 million liquidity injections to Nauru Airlines, and an estimated AUD0.5 million in budget support to SOEs in managing inventory from limited freight and cargo services; (ii) The government has also used its cash buffers for the repatriation of Nauruans abroad.

Nigeria 05 05 - Health and income support NGN 517,484,000,000 1,586,765,811 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19?fbclid=IwAR3QQSk6OmfE7YbISvq0_ut_FpTD_Bc00gRB-YJ_YA_VB-VlWiYD9PBO0Ro#P (accessed 14 May 2020).

(i) NGN500 billion of approved fiscal stimulus to support healthcare facilities, provide relief for taxpayers, and incentivize employers to retain and recruit staff during the downturn; (ii) NGN984 million released to Nigeria’s Center for Disease Control (NCDC); (iii) Additional NGN6.5 billion for purchasing more testing kits, opening isolation centers and training medical personnel; (iv) NGN10 billion grant to Lagos State to increase its capacity to contain the outbreak; (iv) No amount/estimate: Import duty waivers for pharmaceutical firms; (v) No amount/estimate: Regulated fuel prices have been reduced; (ii) No amount/estimate: April 1, Suspension of the payment of the new electricity tariffs scheduled to commence on April 2; (vi) April 3, No amount/estimate: Nigerian banks prohibited from retrenching or laying off any staff of any cadre (both full-time and part-time); (vii) No amount/estimate: May 14, The President also ordered an increase of the social register by 1 million households to 3.6 million to help cushion the effect of the lockdown.

Nigeria 05A 05A - Health support NGN
Nigeria 05B 05B - Income support NGN