Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Hong Kong, China 05 05 - Health and income support HKD 298,070,000,000 38,385,854,657
Hong Kong, China 05A 05A - Health support HKD 30,000,000,000 3,863,440,265 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 6 May 2020).

Establishment of a new Anti-Epidemic Fund (HKD30 billion or 1% of gross domestic product [GDP]) to enhance anti-epidemic facilities and services.

Hong Kong, China 05B 05B - Income support HKD 268,070,000,000 34,522,414,393 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 6 May 2020). News.gov.hk. https://www.news.gov.hk/eng/2020/06/20200602/20200602_205003_920.html?type=category&name=covid19 (accessed 11 June 2020). News.gov.hk. https://www.news.gov.hk/eng/2020/06/20200608/20200608_192340_279.html?type=category&name=covid19 (accessed 11 June 2020). News.gov.hk. https://www.news.gov.hk/eng/2020/07/20200701/20200701_103654_754.html?type=category&name=covid19 (accessed 3 July 2020). News.gov.hk. https://www.news.gov.hk/eng/2020/07/20200708/20200708_102820_957.html?type=category&name=covid19 (accessed 16 July 2020). News.gov.hk. https://www.news.gov.hk/eng/2020/07/20200708/20200708_182259_512.html?type=category&name=covid19 (accessed 16 July 2020). News.gov.hk. https://www.news.gov.hk/eng/2020/07/20200710/20200710_171954_233.html?type=category&name=covid19 (accessed 16 July 2020). News.gov.hk. https://www.news.gov.hk/eng/2020/07/20200728/20200728_174801_237.html?type=category&name=covid19 (accessed 14 August 2020). News.gov.hk. https://www.news.gov.hk/eng/2020/09/20200916/20200916_144229_043.html?type=category&name=covid19; https://www.news.gov.hk/eng/2020/09/20200921/20200921_121022_367.html?type=category&name=covid19(accessed 24 September 2020). News.gov.hk. https://www.news.gov.hk/eng/2020/09/20200925/20200925_151755_190.html?type=category&name=covid19 (accessed 2 October 2020).

(i) Tax and fee reliefs and other one-off relief measures (HKD79.5 billion or 2.8% of GDP); (ii) Cash payout to permanent residents aged 18 or above (HKD71 billion or 2.5% of GDP); (iii) Employment subsidy scheme (HKD80 billion or 2.8% of GDP); (iv) Sector-specific relief measures (HKD21 billion or 0.7% of GDP); (v) Temporary job creation (HKD6 billion or 0.2% of GDP); (vi) cash payouts to permanent residents aged 18 and above (HKD71 billion or 2.5% of GDP). (vii) No amount/estimate: June 2, Introduction of a subsidy scheme for employment agencies that provide foreign domestic helper placement services from the Anti-Epidemic Fund. (viii) June 8, Authorities announced further support for the travel industry by enhancing the Green Lifestyle Local Tour Incentive Scheme (increased funding of HKG50 million) and extending the subsidy initiative for tourist guides (for 6 monyhs until April 27, 2021). (ix) HKD6 billion under the Anti-epidemic Fund to create around 30,000 time-limited jobs in both public and private sectors in the coming two years for people of different skill sets and academic qualifications. (x) July 8, HKD1.02 billion for the Convention & Exhibition Industry Subsidy Scheme under the Anti-epidemic Fund which provides a 50% subsidy for participation fees in exhbitions organized by the the Hong Kong Trade Development Council. (xi) No amount/estimate: July 8, Increased rental concessions for eligible tenants from 50% to 75% through September, extended the measure’s scope to cover more businesses, and provided full rental waivers for businesses that have had to completely cease operations due to anti-epidemic measures during the closure period. (xii) No amount/estimate: July 10, Announced an additional HKD6,000 ex-gratia payment under the Anti-epidemic Fund to public rental housing applicants who have accepted advance allocation offers for Fai Ming Estate in Fanling and Chun Yeung Estate in Fo Tan. (xiii) July 28, Authorities announced a 2-month waiver for public rental housing tenants worth HKD3.5 billion for the months of September 2020 and 2021 along with a 9.66% rent increase. (xiv) September 16, Authorities announced further rent relief and enhanced concessional rates to non-domestic tenements for the third and fourth quarters of 2020-2021. On September 21, the Hong Kong Housing Authority also announced extended rent concessions for non-domestic tenants by another 6 months from October 1. [update] (xv) September 25, Authorities opened applications for salary subsidies for new positions that aim to create 1,500 new jobs in the financial services industry. [update]

Mongolia 05 05 - Health and income support MNT 4,838,793,142,824 1,755,400,000
Mongolia 05A 05A - Health support MNT 198,193,703,412 71,900,000 ADB. https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/project-documents/54174/54174-001-rrp-en.pdf (accessed 26 May 2020).

March, Health sector measures (USD71.9 million).

Mongolia 05B 05B - Income support MNT 4,640,599,439,412 1,683,500,000 ADB. https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/project-documents/54174/54174-001-rrp-en.pdf (accessed 26 May 2020).

March: (i) Measures supporting citizens (USD154.6 million), which includes (a) Personal Income Tax exemption (USD63.2 million); (b) Job retention allowance (USD18.4 million); (c) Child money program (USD12.4 million); (d) VAT refunds (USD14.4 million); (e) Erdenes Tavan Tolgoi Dividends Payout (USD46.2 million). Erdenes Tavan Tolgoi is a state-owned enterprise where each Mongolian citizen owns a share; (ii) Support to vulnerable businesses and fiscal stimulus measures (USD1,567.9 million), which includes (a) Exemption on social insurance (USD288.2 million); (b) Social insurance penalty exemption (USD4.2 million); (c) Corporate Income Tax exemption (USD10.8 million); (d) Exemption for tax penalties and fines (USD5.4 million); (e) Rental relief (USD7.2 million); (f) Import tax and duties exemption of food products (USD3.6 million); (g) Cashmere sector support (USD118.1 million); (h) Discount on agricultural equipment (USD12.3 million); (i) Capital projects (of which two-thirds does not yet have financing) (USD1,079.1 million).

People's Republic of China 05 05 - Health and income support CNY 9,868,675,000,000 1,406,180,212,646 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 April 2020); Xinhuanet. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-04/03/c_138944267 (accessed 15 April 2020); The State Council The People's Republic of China. http://english.www.gov.cn/premier/news/202005/29/content_WS5ed058d2c6d0b3f0e9498f21.html (accessed 1 June 2020); The State Council The People's Republic of China. http://english.www.gov.cn/policies/latestreleases/202006/03/content_WS5ed70fc3c6d0b3f0e94997da.html (accessed 19 June 2020); CBRC. http://www.cbirc.gov.cn/cn/view/pages/ItemDetail.html?docId=911621&itemId=915 (accessed 24 June 2020); Xinhua Net. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-07/12/c_139206895.htm (accessed 13 July 2020); Xinhua. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-07/19/c_139223437.htm (accessed 21 July 2020); The State Council The People's Republic of China. http://english.www.gov.cn/policies/policywatch/202008/04/content_WS5f28a5ebc6d029c1c2637269.html (accessed 4 Ausgust 2020); China Daily. https://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/202008/04/WS5f28b5c8a31083481725dfcb.html (accessed 7 August 2020); The State Council The People's Republic of China. http://english.www.gov.cn/news/videos/202008/27/content_WS5f47062fc6d0f7257693b200.html (accessed 12 September 2020).

(i) CNY1.60 trillion for local governments' infrastructure projects to boost investment amid slowing economic activity and trade headwinds with the United States funded by increase in the ceiling for special local government bonds of 1.3 percent of GDP. The main buyers of such bonds have been state-owned policy banks; (ii) By the end of April, local governments had given out more than CNY6.5 billion worth of consumer vouchers, essentially government subsidised coupons or discounts that can be spent at designated venues, according to data from 42 cities collated by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS); (iii) May 28, announced CNY2 trillion in increase in fiscal deficits and issuance of special treasury bonds worth of CNY1 trillion of which CNY300 billion will be used by local governments for COVID-19 prevention and while the rest to support local governments’ operations. The increase of budget deficits and funds raised from the issuance of government bonds for COVID-19 control will all be channeled to primary-level governments. Companies, especially smaller firms, will truly benefit from these funds, and people who live on social security schemes, subsistence allowance, unemployment benefits, old-age support and those living in difficulties will be able to benefit. CNY4 trillion covers payment relief for enterprises of their contributions to social security schemes, and taps into the balance of the unemployment insurance fund, interest concessions made by state-owned commercial banks, and price reductions in natural monopoly industries to lower enterprises’ operating costs. This money will be primarily used to support jobs, people’s basic living needs and businesses, and sustain household income. The government also said expenditure on investment projects will rise by 22.4 billion yuan for 2020. August 27, PRC released fiscal funds of CNY2 trillion that aim to directly benefit businesses and people, and consolidate the foundation of the country's restorative growth. Nearly CNY300 billion of the total funds had been used to support tax and fee cuts by mid August, while CNY1.674 trillion or 98.5 percent of the remaining 1.7 trillion yuan have been allocated by the central government. Local governments have spent CNY509.7 billion, accounting for 30.5 percent of CNY1.674 trillion in funds ; (ii) No amount/estimate: June 3, Logistics costs will be further reduced to improve the efficiency of logistics, accelerating the recovery of production and the return to normal life following the COVID-19 epidemic, according to a guideline from the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Transport ; (iii) June 23, estimated at CNY70O million: China Banking Regulatory Commission issued a "Notice on Hubei Province Insurance Legal Institutions and Branches Exempted from Payment of the 2020 Insurance Security Fund." with this exemption, insurance institutions will be able to provide better risk protection and financial support for the economic and social development of Hubei ; (iv) No amount/estimate: June 9, The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security proposed to increase vocational skills training efforts to increase the number of free online training and open-line training to areas severely affected by the epidemic and to expand the scope of free courses; (v) No amount/estimate: June 17, Increased the subsidy standard for basic public health services per capita to 74 yuan, for the prevention and control of the new coronary pneumonia epidemic situation, to strengthen the grass-roots epidemic prevention and control; (vi) No amount/estimate: June 24, the State Council announced that government will work to further shorten the time required for starting a business and better regulate the charges on businesses from industry bodies and associations, in an effort to lessen corporate burdens and spur their vitality; (vii) July 13, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) has allocated CNY45.66 billion to boost the capacity for the prevention, control and treatment of diseases; (viii) July 14, the Ministry of Emergency Management announced an allocation of a total of CNY615 million for disaster relief in regions hit by floods; (ix) No amount/estimate: July 30, PRC decided to hand out financial aid to jobless rural workers and other unemployed groups not covered by unemployment insurance, according to the Ministry of Civil Affairs; (x) No amount/estimate: August 5, The State Council has pledged to bolster China's COVID-19 testing capacity and develop technologies that can produce more accurate results more quickly as the country braces for a possible spike in infections in autumn and winter. Improving testing capacity will be a key measure in coordinating epidemic containment and socioeconomic development; (xii) August 12, State Taxation Administration announced PRC's tax and fee cuts totaled over CNY1.5 trillion. The orderly implementation of China's tax and fee cut policies has helped invigorate market entities and strengthen the sustainability of enterprises' development.

People's Republic of China 05A 05A - Health support CNY
People's Republic of China 05B 05B - Income support CNY
Republic of Korea 05 05 - Health and income support KRW 75,100,000,000,000 61,553,019,719
Republic of Korea 05A 05A - Health support KRW 2,100,000,000,000 1,721,189,633 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 24 April 2020); WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 1 May 2020).

(i) March 17, The National Assembly approved the budget of KRW2.1 trillion for disease control, i.e., epidemic prevention and treatment, support for medical institution and quarantined people; (ii) April 14, No amount/estimate: Temporary elimination of import tariffs on surgical and sanitary masks and melt blown filters until June 30, 2020.

Republic of Korea 05B 05B - Income support KRW 73,000,000,000,000 59,831,830,087 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 24 April 2020). Pulse News. https://pulsenews.co.kr/view.php?year=2020&no=217288 (accessed 29 June 2020). Pulse News. https://pulsenews.co.kr/view.php?year=2019&no=387490 (accessed 29 June 2020). Ministry of SMEs and Startups. https://www.mss.go.kr/site/smba/ex/bbs/View.do?cbIdx=86&bcIdx=1019337&parentSeq=1019337 (accessed 25 June 2020). AHK. https://korea.ahk.de/fileadmin/AHK_Korea/Navigation_menu/News/COVID19/Update_COVID-19_07_07.pdf (accessed 9 July 2020). Nikkei Asian Review. https://asia.nikkei.com/Economy/South-Korea-budgets-6.6bn-for-fourth-round-of-coronavirus-aid#:~:text=SEOUL%20%2D%2D%20South%20Korea%20on,recent%20resurgence%20in%20coronavirus%20cases. (accessed 11 September 2020).

(i) February, The government announced emergency support of KRW20 trillion for households and damaged industries, such as tourism and export industries; (ii) March 2, Reduced taxes on new car purchases for 3 months. On June 5, the measure was extended by another 6 months until end-December 2020. (iii) In March 17: The National Assembly approved (a) loans and guarantees for small businesses, indirect support of wage and rent for small merchants (KRW4.1 trillion), (b) consumption coupons for the poor, emergency family care and employment retention support (KRW3.5 trillion), and (c) support for issuing local gift certificate, local government grants for infection prevention (KRW1.2 trillion); (iv) March 31, The government announced an emergency relief payment plan of KRW9.1 trillion (USD7.4 billion) to address the virus outbreak. The government plans to pay relief checks to households in the bottom 70% income bracket (around 14 million households), of up to KRW1 million (USD820) per household. For this, a second supplementary budget was submitted to the National Assembly and passed on April 30; and (v) No amount/estimate: Some local governments have announced cash support for people (a) Gyeonggi province announced KRW100,000 (USD82) to all residents, and (b) Seoul and Daejeon have a similar plan without specific criteria. (vi) July 3, the National Assembly approved the third supplementary budget worth KRW35.1 trillion with KRW23.7 trillion in new spending and KRW11.4 trillion revenue adjustment and support tax reductions. (vii) September 11, The government drafted a fourth supplementary budget worth KRW7.8 trillion, including cash payments to small businesses and self-employed workers, which will be subject to parliamentary approval.

Taipei,China 05 05 - Health and income support TWD 210,000,000,000 6,969,681,884
Taipei,China 05A 05A - Health support TWD 36,100,000,000 1,198,121,505 EY. https://www.ey.com/en_gl/tax/how-covid-19-is-causing-governments-to-adopt-economic-stimulus--; https://bit.ly/2A2ytcS; https://bit.ly/3cjQfGU; https://bit.ly/2YMAO66 (all accessed 8 May 2020).

(i) February 25, Taipei,China's authorities passed the statute for prevention and rehabilitation of severe infectious pneumonia (the Statute). The Statute, which was enacted accordingly, is in response to the recent COVID-19 outbreak and aims to alleviate its impact on the domestic economy and society. The budget connected with the statute is TWD60 billion (approximately USD2 billion); April: (ii) The approved budget connected with the Statute is now TWD210 billion (approximately USD7 billion); (iii) Of the TWD60 billion budget, the authorities will spend TWD19.6 billion in transforming hospitals into isolation venues, establishing quarantine and testing venues for the virus, requisitioning medical materials and allocating funds as subsidies for schools and the transportation industry to battle the virus contagion; (iv) April 23, The Cabinet allocated the bulk of a special TWD150 billion (USD4.98 billion) budget to revitalizing the domestic economy, which has been hard hit by the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic. Of the budget, TWD16.5 billion will be used to help fund the country's health response and recovery efforts amid the COVID-19 pandemic; (v) May 8, The authorities has given final approval to the TWD150 billion (USD5.02 billion) special budget to finance measures to support the economy amid the global COVID-19 pandemic.

Taipei,China 05B 05B - Income support TWD 173,900,000,000 5,771,560,379 News articles: https://bit.ly/2A2ytcS; https://bit.ly/3cjQfGU (both accessed 8 May 2020); https://bit.ly/2ZPydJn (accessed 27 May 2020); KPMG. https://bit.ly/2LvD7ms (accessed 14 May 2020); Executive Yuan. https://english.ey.gov.tw/Page/61BF20C3E89B856/07dd64bc-5609-426c-bcb0-9aec3aabcab7 (accessed 5 June 2020); Executive Yuan. https://english.ey.gov.tw/Page/61BF20C3E89B856/8e1b262b-fa3f-4074-a76d-23a4fdb06460 (accessed 22 July 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.mof.gov.tw/Eng/singlehtml/f48d641f159a4866b1d31c0916fbcc71?cntId=3cb2e39223a147fe85c30b00edd45d27 (accessed 21 August 2020); Overseas Community Affairs Council (OCAC). https://www.ocac.gov.tw/OCAC/Eng/Pages/Detail.aspx?nodeid=329&pid=19559932 (accessed 2 October 2020).

(i) Under the TWD60 billion budget, the authorities will assign TWD40.4 billion to subsidize a wide range of industrial sectors that have been hit by the COVID-19 spread, such as the service industry, the manufacturing industry, the tourism industry, the transportation industry, the agriculture/fishing industry, and the arts/cultural industry; (ii) Of the TWD150 billion special budget, TWD133.5 billion will go toward helping with the recovery of local businesses and other entities and providing relief to self-employed workers, according to the Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics (DGBAS); (iii) No amount/estimate: Aiming at alleviating the impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the authorities introduced several supportive tax measures including (a) deferral of tax payments or by installments for affected enterprises and individuals, (b) extension of tax filing and payment deadline under special circumstances (e.g. quarantine or isolation), and (c) corporate income tax 200% deduction on certain salary expenses; (iv) No amount/estimate: May 27, The Ministry of Transportation and Communications will provide travel subsidies to encourage domestic travel effective July 1. The ministry is planning campaigns that will subsidize the group travel sector to the tune of TWD600–TWD700 (USD20–USD23) per person per day, while the independent travel sector will enjoy a subsidy of TWD1,000 per room per night; (v) No amount/estimate: July 9, The Premier calls for increase in special budget to aid targeted industries; (vi) No amount/estimate: July 15, The authorities announced a "triple stimulus" voucher program that allows people to purchase TWD3,000 (USD100) worth of vouchers for just TWD1,000. By encouraging spending and stimulating the economy, the program will help the economy to turn the crisis into opportunity and safely weather the coronavirus pandemic; (vii) No amount/estimate: August 20, The triple stimulus vouchers people receive are exempt from income tax, and merchants accepting them for the exchange of goods or services should issue uniform invoices in accordance with regulations; (viii) No amount/estimate: October 10, The Executive Yuan supports a plan by the Ministry of Transportation and Communications to extend the subsidies for domestic travelers until the end of next month. The Tourism Bureau has been offering TWD1,000 (USD34.30) subsidies per hotel room since July [update].