Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Bangladesh 05 05 - Health and income support BDT 427,695,000,000 5,034,667,451
Bangladesh 05A 05A - Health support BDT 65,100,000,000 766,333,137 Ministry of Finance. https://mof.portal.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/mof.portal.gov.bd/page/ed9e8b19_ccba_4cca_94b1_c40013f7a760/MTMPS_2020-21_English.pdf (accessed 29 June 6). Beximco Pharma. https://beximcopharma.com/beximco-news/latest-news/item/659-beximco-pharma-signs-mou-with-the-serum-institute-of-india-and-the-government-of-bangladesh-for-supply-of-a-covid-19-vaccine.html (accessed 06 Nov 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 January 2021).

(i) BDT1 billion Special Honorarium for doctors, nurses, medical workers; (ii) BDT7.5 billion compensation in case infection/death; (iii) No amount/estimate: November 5, signs MOU with Beximco Pharma for the supply and distribution of 30 million doses of AstraZeneca vaccine; (iv) January 2021, BDT56.6 billion the government increased the COVID-19 Emergency Response and Pandemic Preparedness Project costs mostly reflecting the procurement, preservation and distribution of vaccines.

Bangladesh 05B 05B - Income support BDT 362,595,000,000 4,268,334,314
Bangladesh 05B1 05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes BDT
Bangladesh 05B2 05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction BDT
Bangladesh 05B3 05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households BDT 78,170,000,000 920,188,346 Ministry of Finance. https://mof.portal.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/mof.portal.gov.bd/page/ed9e8b19_ccba_4cca_94b1_c40013f7a760/MTMPS_2020-21_English.pdf (accessed 29 June 2020). Bangladesh Bank. https://www.bb.org.bd/mediaroom/circulars/fepd/may122020fepdl20.pdf (accessed 29 June 2020).

(i) BDT12.58 billion Cash Transfer to targeted poor people; (ii)BDT8.15 billion expansion of cash allowance programs; (iii) BDT25.03 billion free food distribution; (iv) BDT2.51 billion OMS of rice at 10 taka/kg; (v) BDT21.3 billion construction of home for homeless people; (vii) BDT8.6 billion additional procurement of paddy/rice (2.0 lac ton); (vi) No amount/estimate: Expatriate Bangladeshis can get 2% incentives without showing any paper on remittance upto $5,000 (earlier $1,500) and for more than $5,000.

Bangladesh 05B4 05B4 - Subsidies to businesses BDT 189,425,000,000 2,229,841,083 Ministry of Finance. https://mof.portal.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/mof.portal.gov.bd/page/ed9e8b19_ccba_4cca_94b1_c40013f7a760/MTMPS_2020-21_English.pdf (accessed 29 June 2020). Bangladesh Bank. https://www.bb.org.bd/mediaroom/circulars/fepd/may122020fepdl20.pdf (accessed 29 June 2020).

(i) BTD20 billion, the Ministry of Finance will subsidize interest payments as mentioned in Measure 2 on working capital loans by scheduled banks to businesses; (ii) BDT2.0 billion Support for farm mechanization; (iii) BDT20 billion employment creation through four State owned entities; (iv) Export Development Fund has been increased by USD1.5 billion; (v) BDT20 billion subsidy for commercial bank's suspended interest of April-May, 2020;

Bangladesh 05B5 05B5 - Indirect income support BDT
Bangladesh 05B6 05B6 - No breakdown (income support) BDT 95,000,000,000 1,118,304,885 Ministry of Finance. https://mof.portal.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/mof.portal.gov.bd/page/ed9e8b19_ccba_4cca_94b1_c40013f7a760/MTMPS_2020-21_English.pdf (accessed 29 June 2020).

(vi) BDT95 billion subsidy for agriculture.

Bangladesh 05C 05C - No breakdown (health and income support) BDT
Bhutan 05 05 - Health and income support BTN/INR 32,000,000,000 430,592,553
Bhutan 05A 05A - Health support BTN/INR 2,000,000,000 26,912,035 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Ministry of Health. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1658 (accessed 22 July 2020).

(i) April 2020, An additional resource of BTN2 billion will be provided to the Ministry of Health to meet health-related spending; (ii) No amount/estimate: 20 July 2020, The government announced the exemption of COVID19 testing fees for the following categories of travellers: (a) undergraduate students and (b) referred patients and patient attendants approved by the referral committee.

Bhutan 05B 05B - Income support BTN/INR 30,000,000,000 403,680,518
Bhutan 05B1 05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes BTN/INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Official Statement from the Office of the Prime Minister of Bhutan (PMO). https://bit.ly/2yrZXYx (accessed 13 April 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/3b6ygCh (accessed 6 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/3efwMrR (accessed 18 June 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/3ggtGo2 (accessed 1 July 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/39oW0lW (accessed 20 July 2020).

No amount/estimate: April 2020: (i) Business income tax (BIT) and corporate income tax (CIT) filing and tax payment for the income year 2019 will be deferred until 30 June 2020. 26 June 2020, targeted tax deferments will be provided over the next six to 12 months; (ii) Deferred payment of sales tax and customs duty on essential items (March–June 2020); (iii) Waiver of payment of rent and other charges (April–June 2020) by tourism-related business entities leasing government properties.

Bhutan 05B2 05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction BTN/INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Official Statement from the Office of the Prime Minister of Bhutan (PMO). https://bit.ly/2yrZXYx (accessed 13 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: 25 May 2020, The government will be refunding the 5% sales tax collected on telecom services collected on or after 16 January 2020.

Bhutan 05B3 05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households BTN/INR
Bhutan 05B4 05B4 - Subsidies to businesses BTN/INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Official Statement from the Office of the Prime Minister of Bhutan (PMO). https://bit.ly/2yrZXYx (accessed 13 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: 26 June 2020, rental waivers will be provided over the next six to 12 months.

Bhutan 05B5 05B5 - Indirect income support BTN/INR
Bhutan 05B6 05B6 - No breakdown (income support) BTN/INR 30,000,000,000 403,680,518 Official Statement from the Office of the Prime Minister of Bhutan (PMO). https://bit.ly/2yrZXYx (accessed 13 April 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/3b6ygCh (accessed 6 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/3efwMrR (accessed 18 June 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/3ggtGo2 (accessed 1 July 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/39oW0lW (accessed 20 July 2020).

April 2020, The National Resilience Fund has been approved and established. With a fund size amounting to about BTN30 billion, the resources will support the implementation of the following activities: (i) Grant of the Druk Gyalpo’s Relief Kidu to people who have been laid off or placed on reduced salaries to provide them immediate financial support. 30 April 2020, The Druk Gyalpo's Relief Kidu has granted BTN150 million as the first disbursement of the Relief Kidu to 13,006 people. On June 26, the government announced that the Druk Gyalpo Relief Kidu will continue from July to September 2020, however, with revision in amounts. The Relief Kidu has granted about BTN700 million between April and June 2020 to over 23,000 affected people ; (ii) Interest waiver (50% of cost) - effective May 1, the Royal Monetary Authority announced that the interest waiver would also be extended to non-performing loan accounts for a period of three months (April–June 2020). The government will finance 50% of the total interest payment and the financial institutions offered to support the other 50%. On 11 June 2020, The government handed over the e-fund payment to financial service providers for loan interest waiver for the month of April. The government is financing 50% of the interest waiver amounting to BTN625.96 million (Total amount of the interest waiver for April 2020 stands at BTN1.2 billion). 26 June 2020, The government announced to further extend interest waiver for another nine months for loans availed as of 10 April 2020. Full interest waiver will be granted from July to September 2020, followed by a partial interest waiver (50%) from October 2020 to March 2021. The cost of interest payment for the nine months is estimated at BTN7.5 billion and will be fully granted from the National Resilience Fund; (iii) Fast-track the implementation of the 12th Five Year Plan and wherever possible frontload the investments. 26 June 2020, In order to support front-loading of capital investments, procurement guidelines will be simplified including preferential treatment for local goods.

Bhutan 05C 05C - No breakdown (health and income support) BTN/INR
European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Central Bank 05B1 05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes EUR
European Central Bank 05B2 05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction EUR
European Central Bank 05B3 05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households EUR
European Central Bank 05B4 05B4 - Subsidies to businesses EUR
European Central Bank 05B5 05B5 - Indirect income support EUR
European Central Bank 05B6 05B6 - No breakdown (income support) EUR
European Central Bank 05C 05C - No breakdown (health and income support) EUR
European Union 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 16,446,000,000 18,192,477,876
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 11,319,000,000 12,521,017,699 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/09/11/addressing-covid-19-council-approves-6-2-billion-budget-increase-for-2020/ (accessed 12 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1671 (accessed 21 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1680 (accessed 21 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1416 (accessed 1 August 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1829 (accessed 10 October 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-271-covid-19-eib-provides-eur50-million-to-navarre-to-strengthen-its-health-response-to-covid-19 (accessed 15 October 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2041 (accessed 20 January 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2136 (accessed 21 November 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2200 (accessed 28 November 2020); Council of the EU. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/12/07/council-greenlights-temporary-vat-relief-on-covid-19-vaccines-and-test-kits/ (accessed 7 December 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_50 (accessed 15 January 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_51 (accessed 20 January 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_655 (accessed 18 February 2021).

(i) 13 March 2020, EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March 2020, The European Commission (EC) decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April 2020, The EC presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion) from the EU budget. 11 September 2020, The EC agreed to add EUR6.2 billion to the EU 2020 budget to address the impact of the COVID-19-crisis and to fund inter alia the vaccine strategy. The revised budget increases payments for the Emergency Support Instrument (ESI) by EUR1.09 billion to ensure the development and deployment of a COVID-19 vaccine. The Commission will use this money as a down-payment for pre-ordering vaccine doses. 18 September 2020, EU allocates EUR150 million for the transport of essential medical items through the ESI and entered into a contract with Sanofi-GSK to purchase up to 300 million doses of the Sanofi-GSK vaccine; (iv) EUR63 million, EC secures EU access to Remdesivir (first European treatment authorized for COVID-19); (v) No amount/estimate: 8 October 2020, the EC approved a third contract with a pharmaceutical company, Janssen Pharmaceutica NV, one of the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson. Once the vaccine has proven to be safe and effective against COVID-19, the contract allows EU Member States to purchase vaccines for 200 million people. They will also have the possibility to purchase vaccines for an additional 200 million people; (vi) 13 October 2020, EIB is providing EUR50 million to the Autonomous Community of Navarre, Spain to strengthen its capacity to respond to the COVID-19 health crisis. The EU bank financing will enable the Spanish region to adapt its healthcare infrastructure to meet the additional costs generated by the pandemic; (vii) No amount/estimate: 11 November 2020, In order to step up the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic and future health emergencies, The EC is taking the first steps towards building the European Health Union. The Commission is putting forward a set of proposals to strengthen the EU's health security framework, and to reinforce the crisis preparedness and response role of key EU agencies; (viii) No amount/estimate: 17 November 2020, The EC approves a fifth contract with CureVac for the initial purchase of 225 million doses of potential vaccine; (ix) No amount/estimate: 25 November 2020, The EC approved a sixth contract under the EU Vaccines Strategy, with the pharmaceutical company Moderna. The contract provides for the initial purchase of 80 million doses on behalf of all EU Member States; (x) 7 December 2020: The Council of Europe adopted amendments to the directive on the common system of value added tax (VAT) to allow member states to temporarily exempt COVID-19 vaccines and testing kits, as well as closely related services, from VAT; (xi) 11 January 2021, The EC supports blood services to increase COVID-19 convalescent plasma collection with grants amounting to EUR36 million financed through the ESI; (xii) No amount/estimate: 12 January 2020, The EC concluded exploratory talks with the pharmaceutical company Valneva with a view to purchasing its potential vaccine against COVID-19. The envisaged contract with Valneva would provide for the possibility for all EU Member States to purchase together 30 million doses, and they could further purchase up to 30 million more doses; (xiii) No amount/estimate: 17 February 2021, The EC approves second contract with Moderna to ensure up to additional 300 million doses [update].

European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 327,000,000 361,725,664
European Union 05B1 05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes EUR
European Union 05B2 05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction EUR
European Union 05B3 05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households EUR 179,000,000 198,008,850 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

Mobilized European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020).

European Union 05B4 05B4 - Subsidies to businesses EUR 148,000,000 163,716,814 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 May 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1221 (accessed 9 July 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1872 (accessed 15 October 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: 19 March 2020, EU Commission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules. On 8 May 2020, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework to recapitalization and subordinated debt measures to further support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. The amended Temporary Framework will be in place until the end of December 2020, except for recapitalization measures which has an extended period by the end of June 2021. The Commission will assess before these dates if they need to be extended. 29 June 2020, third amendment to the State aid extends Temporary Framework to enable Member States to provide public support under the Temporary Framework to all micro and small companies, even if they were already in financial difficulty on 31 December 2019; 13 October 2020, EC has decided to prolong and extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework adopted on 19 March 2020 to support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. All sections of the Temporary Framework are prolonged for six months until 30 June 2021, and the section to enable recapitalization support is prolonged for three months until 30 September 2021; (ii) 8 June 2020, European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot fund issued grants of EUR148 million to innovative companies.

European Union 05B5 05B5 - Indirect income support EUR
European Union 05B6 05B6 - No breakdown (income support) EUR
European Union 05C 05C - No breakdown (health and income support) EUR 4,800,000,000 5,309,734,513 EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_997 (accessed 12 June 2020); ESF. https://esf.ie/en/covid-19/react-eu/ (accessed 5 September 2020).

(i) June 2020, EUR4.8 billion (in grants from the amended 2020 annual EU budget) for REACT-EU that will provide additional funding for the most important sectors that will be crucial to lay the basis for a sound recovery. This will involve investment to support job maintenance, including through short-time work schemes and support for the self-employed. The funds can also be used to support job creation and youth employment measures, to health care systems and the provision of working capital and investment support for small and medium-sized enterprises. Such support will be available across economic sectors, including for the much-affected tourism and culture sectors. The additional support will also serve to invest in the European Green Deal and digital transition, as an enhancement to the significant investment in those areas that is already taking place through EU cohesion policy.

India 05 05 - Health and income support INR 14,449,657,303,053 194,434,838,251
India 05A 05A - Health support INR 302,000,000,000 4,063,717,216 Press Information Bureau. https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1633516 (accessed 24 June 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 5 May 2020).

(i) Three measures have already been announced as direct support to income/revenue. The first, mainly devoted to health, totalled around INR150 billion. Prime Minister Modi announced that an additional INR150 billion will be devoted to health infrastructure, including for COVID-19 testing facilities, personal protective equipment, isolation beds, intensive care unit (ICU) beds, and ventilators; (ii) No amount/estimate: Reduction and/or eliminations of tariffs for imports of medical or surgical instruments and supplies along with exemptions fom "health cess"; (iii) 23 June 2020, Allocated from the Prime Minister CARES Trust fund INR2 billion for supply of 50000 ‘Made-in-India’ ventilators to government-run COVID19 hospitals.