Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 05 05 - Health and income support AFN 43,571,630,000 553,700,060 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 17 September 2020).

According to the mid-year budget revision to be submitted to parliament in September, authorities envisage a total of 2.9% of GDP for pandemic-related spending, with about 15% directed to health.

Afghanistan 05A 05A - Health support AFN 6,535,744,500 83,055,009 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) The government has so far allocated AFN1.9 billion (0.1% of GDP) in the budget for emergency health needs, such as (a) establishing testing labs, including at border crossings, (b) setting up special wards to boost hospitalization and care capacity, and (c) procuring the most critical medical supplies.

Afghanistan 05B 05B - Income support AFN 37,035,885,500 470,645,051 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 26 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: To ease tax compliance, the government extended filing deadlines, initially to May 20, now to July 5 for individual and business taxpayers.

Armenia 05 05 - Health and income support AMD 30,000,000,000 61,348,610
Armenia 05A 05A - Health support AMD
Armenia 05B 05B - Income support AMD 30,000,000,000 61,348,610 Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/193112/pashinyan-unveils-economic-aid-package-amid-state-of-emergency/ (accessed 16 April 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: Subsidize the interest rates of co-financed loans for companies that borrow money from Armenian banks in the national currency to pay salaries, taxes, bills and purchase raw materials; (ii) a package of AMD30 billion (over USD60 million) for urgent social assistance for the impoverished. See Measure 9: No breakdown.

Azerbaijan 05 05 - Health and income support AZN 1,206,850,000 709,911,765
Azerbaijan 05A 05A - Health support AZN 58,300,000 34,294,118 Ministry of Emergency Situations. http://www.fhn.gov.az/index.php?eng/news/xeber/2020/7/6/36724//1 (accessed 17 July 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://cabmin.gov.az/az/article/969/ (accessed 07 August 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: July 6, Installation of 10 modular hospital complexes in various regions of the country. It is expected to create 2,000 additional beds for the treatment of coronavirus patients; (ii) August 6, The government reported that medical personnel involved in the fight against COVID-19 received increased salaries from March to June. 64,038 medical staff have so far received salaries of AZN58.3 million; (iii) August 6, The government reported that 215 medical staff with extensive experience in COVID-19 from Turkey, the Russian Federation, People's Republic of China, Italy, and Cuba were brought to the country to work with Azerbaijan's medical personnel.

Azerbaijan 05B 05B - Income support AZN 1,148,550,000 675,617,647 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Caspian News. https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/azerbaijan-takes-measures-to-mitigate-covid-19-impact-on-economy-social-life-2020-4-6-1/ (accessed 15 April 2020); European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). https://www.ebrd.com/news/2020/ebrd-and-azerbaijans-central-bank-promote-manat-lending-to-coronavirushit-firms.html (accessed 27 May 2020); Ministry of Economy. https://www.economy.gov.az/en/article/ozel-sektora-yeni-maliyye-desteyi-ve-i-qtisadiyyat-nazirinin-sahibkarlarla-onlayn-gorushunun-kechirileceyi-barede/31115 (accessed 07 August 2020); Ministry of Economy. https://www.economy.gov.az/en/article/ferdi-sahibkarlara-maliyye-desteyi-gosterilmesine-bashlanilib/31163 (accessed 12 August 2020).

(i) April 6, AZN1 billion (USD588 million) for the government's subsidization of 10% of the interest for one year of existing company loans; (ii) No amount/estimate: April, Tax exemptions for micro-enterprises and value-added tax (VAT) exemption for some food and medicinal products, as well as the raw materials that are necessary; (iii) No amount/estimate: Lump-sum payments in the amount of living wage - AZN190 (USD112) to 200,000 unemployed citizens of the country. The payment is considered for two months. The social package aims to relieve the impact of the novel coronavirus on the social life of people by multiple tools, including creation of 50,000 paid public jobs, tuition support program for students from socially vulnerable families, financial support program for mortgage and credit guarantee mechanism, program to support communal fees, primarily for electricity consumption of the population, and financial support program for vital passenger transport activities; (iv) May 19, USD50 million, or about AZN85 million (of the USD200 million swap with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)) is allocated as support to local firms, including smaller viable enterprises experiencing temporary difficulties; (v) No amount/estimate: August 6, The government announced a financial support package for pandemic-affected industries that did not implement significant reductions in the number of employees. Financial support will be paid in equal installments in two stages, covering August and September; (vi) August 11, The government announced a second phase of financial support to individual (micro) entrepreneurs. The first phase of the program has already released AZN63.55 million of cash transfers to 106,907 individual (micro) entrepreneurs.

Bangladesh 05 05 - Health and income support BDT 346,065,000,000 4,073,749,264 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 1 May 2020). The Financial Express. https://thefinancialexpress.com.bd/economy/covid-19-govt-so-far-announces-1190b-stimulus-packages-1590759538 (accessed 26 June 2020).
Bangladesh 05A 05A - Health support BDT 8,500,000,000 100,058,858 Ministry of Finance. https://mof.portal.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/mof.portal.gov.bd/page/ed9e8b19_ccba_4cca_94b1_c40013f7a760/MTMPS_2020-21_English.pdf (accessed 29 June 6). Beximco Pharma. https://beximcopharma.com/beximco-news/latest-news/item/659-beximco-pharma-signs-mou-with-the-serum-institute-of-india-and-the-government-of-bangladesh-for-supply-of-a-covid-19-vaccine.html (accessed 06 Nov 2020).

(i) BDT1 billion Special Honorarium for doctors, nurses, medical workers; (ii) BDT7.5 billion compensation in case infection/death; (iii) No amount/estimate: November 5, signs MOU with Beximco Pharma for the supply and distribution of 30 million doses of AstraZeneca vaccine. [update]

Bangladesh 05B 05B - Income support BDT 337,565,000,000 3,973,690,406 Ministry of Finance. https://mof.portal.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/mof.portal.gov.bd/page/ed9e8b19_ccba_4cca_94b1_c40013f7a760/MTMPS_2020-21_English.pdf (accessed 29 June 6). Bangladesh Bank. https://www.bb.org.bd/mediaroom/circulars/fepd/may122020fepdl20.pdf (accessed 29 June 2020).

(i) BTD20 billion, the Ministry of Finance will subsidize interest payments as mentioned in Measure 2 on working capital loans by scheduled banks to businesses; (ii) BDT12.58 billion Cash Transfer to targeted poor people; (iii)BDT8.15 billion expansion of cash allowance programs; (iv) BDT25.03 billion free food distribution; (v) BDT2.51 billion OMS of rice at 10 taka/kg; (vi) BDT21.3 billion construction of home for homeless people; (vii) BDT8.6 billion additional procurement of paddy/rice (2.0 lac ton), (viii) BDT2.0 billion Support for farm mechanization; (ix) BDT95 billion subsidy for agriculture; (x) BDT20 billion employment creation through four State owned entities; (xi) Export Development Fund has been increased by USD1.5 billion; (xii) BDT20 billion subsidy for commercial bank's suspended interest of April-May, 2020; (xiii) No amount/estimate: Expatriate Bangladeshis can get 2% incentives without showing any paper on remittance upto $5,000 (earlier $1,500) and for more than $5,000

Bhutan 05 05 - Health and income support BTN/INR 32,000,000,000 430,592,553
Bhutan 05A 05A - Health support BTN/INR 2,000,000,000 26,912,035 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Ministry of Health. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1658 (accessed 22 July 2020).

(i) April, An additional resource of BTN2 billion will be provided to the Ministry of Health to meet health-related spending; (ii) No amount/estimate: July 20, The government announced the exemption of COVID19 testing fees for the following categories of travellers: (a) undergraduate students and (b) referred patients and patient attendants approved by the referral committee.

Bhutan 05B 05B - Income support BTN/INR 30,000,000,000 403,680,518 Official Statement from the Office of the Prime Minister of Bhutan (PMO). https://bit.ly/2yrZXYx (accessed 13 April 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/3b6ygCh (accessed 6 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/3efwMrR (accessed 18 June 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/3ggtGo2 (accessed 1 July 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/39oW0lW (accessed 20 July 2020).

April, The National Resilience Fund has been approved and established. With a fund size amounting to about BTN30 billion, the resources will support the implementation of the following activities: (i) Grant of the Druk Gyalpo’s Relief Kidu to people who have been laid off or placed on reduced salaries to provide them immediate financial support. April 30, The Druk Gyalpo's Relief Kidu has granted BTN150 million as the first disbursement of the Relief Kidu to 13,006 people. On June 26, the government announced that the Druk Gyalpo Relief Kidu will continue from July to September 2020, however, with revision in amounts. The Relief Kidu has granted about BTN700 million between April and June 2020 to over 23,000 affected people ; (ii) Interest waiver (50% of cost) - effective May 1, the Royal Monetary Authority announced that the interest waiver would also be extended to non-performing loan accounts for a period of three months (April–June). The government will finance 50% of the total interest payment and the financial institutions offered to support the other 50%. On June 11, The government handed over the e-fund payment to financial service providers for loan interest waiver for the month of April. The government is financing 50% of the interest waiver amounting to BTN625.96 million (Total amount of the interest waiver for April stands at BTN1.2 billion). On June 26, the government announced to further extend interest waiver for another nine months for loans availed as of April 10, 2020. Full interest waiver will be granted from July to September 2020, followed by a partial interest waiver (50%) from October 2020 to March 2021. The cost of interest payment for the nine months is estimated at BTN7.5 billion and will be fully granted from the National Resilience Fund ; (iii) Fast-track the implementation of the 12th Five Year Plan and wherever possible frontload the investments. June 26, In order to support front-loading of capital investments, procurement guidelines will be simplified including preferential treatment for local goods; (iv) Business income tax (BIT) and corporate income tax (CIT) filing and tax payment for the income year 2019 will be deferred until June 30. June 26, targeted tax deferments will be provided over the next six to 12 months; (v) Deferred payment of sales tax and customs duty on essential items (March–June); (vi) Waiver of payment of rent and other charges (April–June) by tourism-related business entities leasing government properties. June 26, rental waivers will be provided over the next six to 12 months; (vii) May 25, The government will be refunding the 5% sales tax collected on telecom services collected on or after January 16, 2020; (viii) No amount/estimate: July 1, Launched the Economic Contingency Plan (ECP) Series I, which aims to help various sectors, including tourism, agriculture, construction and improvement of farm roads.

Georgia 05 05 - Health and income support GEL 3,636,500,000 1,195,929,036
Georgia 05A 05A - Health support GEL 828,500,000 272,467,264 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 June 2020).

(i) May 7, Additional funds of about GEL350 million will be directed to health spending including lab testing and quarantine expenditures as well as increased costs associated with hospitalization, medical treatment, and medical supplies. (ii) GEL478.5 million for healthcare infastructure and other virus spread prevention costs.

Georgia 05B 05B - Income support GEL 2,808,000,000 923,461,772 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 20 July 2020). Agenda.ge https://agenda.ge/en/news/2020/2716 (accessed 4 September 2020)

No amount/estimate: (i) April 24, The ‘Anti-Crisis Economic Action Plan’ listed the government’s initiatives to support the population and businesses along with the measures already implemented or announced by the government, such as the payment for gas, electricity and utilities for the for users consuming up to 200 kW of electricity and/or up to 200 m3 natural gas monthly; (ii) The government introduced the State Program for Maintaining Prices of Primary Consumption Food Products. The program envisages subsidies for certain imported products to keep their local price stable (rice, pasta, buckwheat, sunflower oil, sugar, milk powder, beans, wheat, and wheat powder) for the period from 15 March to 15 May 2020; (iii) Bank loan service holidays for individuals; income and property tax holidays for hotels (until Nov 1, 2020); (iv) Within the frame of the new program “Co-financing Mechanism for Supporting Family-owned, Small and Medium-size Hotel Industries”, Enterprise Georgia (the agency of the Ministry of Economic and Sustainable Development of Georgia) will co-finance up to 80% of the annual interest rate on loans issued to family-owned, small and medium-sized hotels. As of September 4, this measure has been extended for another 6 months; (v) The custom clearance term for vehicles imported before 1 April 2020 was extended to 1 September 2020 for car importers; (vi) No amount/estimate: VAT refunds will become automatic and will accelerate; (vii) GEL2.589 billion in transfer payments to individuals, corporate subsidies, and tax relief; (viii) No amount/estimate: Starting from January 2021, the rule of indexation of pensions will be introduced. According to this rule, the pensions will increase by at least the rate of inflation, plus a premium depending on the pensioner's age; (ix) GEL160 million in one-time assistance to all children below 18; (x) GEL35 million to help students from vulnerable families to cover one semester of their university tuition; (xi) GEL24 million total benefits for the self-employed, who lost their job during the pandemic and applied for government assistance, but were refused, as they failed to provide required documents [update]; (xii) No amount/estimate: The government will cover utility costs from November to February for vulnerable sectors.

India 05 05 - Health and income support INR 11,838,186,220,000 159,294,838,251 Press Information Bureau. https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1633516 (accessed 24 June 2020). Financial Times. https://www.ft.com/content/5734f333-e4d7-4ebf-9de2-220e537da3f0?accessToken=zwAAAXIRWB3Ykc9XNPMz5NdOv9Od4iIOU32j8A.MEQCIE1obkN05q4qkjoiBgF6riG66o6ocs0SQWfl2AsFIikHAiADu_DmNRDP9bo3QfxgYpytmLV8FGnEHOa8g66dgBdahQ&sharetype=gift?token=4a849e3f-c1b7-487d-ba1d-e73f283cd8c8 (accessed 14 May 2020). India Economics Update, Capital Economics. IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 3 July 2020)

(i) Three measures have already been announced as direct support to income/revenue. The first, mainly devoted to health, totalled around INR150 billion. The second, focusing on nonhealth initiatives, totalled around INR2 trillion. Finally, on May 13, USD112.5 billion in fiscal support was announced, which is part of the USD266 billion support package announced by Prime Minister Modi. Part of this will go towards new measures targeting businesses and expanding support for poor households. The complete breakdown is yet to be disclosed; (ii) May 17, an additional INR400 billion was allocated to provide employment boost; (iii) No amount/estimate: Other key measures announced include: (a) health reforms & initiatives by investing in health institutions, among others and (b) a program for digital education to be launched immediately; (iv) June 23, the Prime Minister CARES Trust Fund has allocated INR3 billion for both health and nonhealth initiatives; (v) June 12, the GST council announced that it would halve the interest rate charged on overdue filings of small businesses. On June 30, Prime Minister Modi announced that the provision of food rations to vulnerable households would be extended through end-November (0.4 percent of GDP).

India 05A 05A - Health support INR Press Information Bureau. https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1633516 (accessed 24 June 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 5 May 2020).

Prime Minister Modi announced that an additional INR150 billion will be devoted to health infrastructure, including for COVID-19 testing facilities, personal protective equipment, isolation beds, intensive care unit (ICU) beds, and ventilators; (ii) No amount/estimate: Reduction and/or eliminations of tariffs for imports of medical or surgical instruments and supplies along with eemptions fom "health cess"; (iii) June 23, Allocated from the Prime Minister CARES Trust fund INR2 billion for supply of 50000 ‘Made-in-India’ ventilators to government-run COVID19 hospitals.

India 05B 05B - Income support INR Press Information Bureau. https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1633516 (accessed 24 June 2020). Ministry of Finance. https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1631127 (accessed 17 June 2020). https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1625319 (accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 3 July 2020). Business Times. https://www.businesstimes.com.sg/banking-finance/india-pledges-to-pay-interest-for-small-debtors-hurt-by-lockdown (accessed 8 October 2020).

(i) March 26, Finance Minister Sitharaman announced a stimulus package valued at approximately 0.8% of GDP. The key elements of the package are (a) in-kind (food, cooking gas) and cash transfers to lower-income households; (b) insurance coverage for workers in the health-care sector; and (c) wage support to low-wage workers (in some cases for those still working, and in other cases by easing the criteria for receiving benefits in the event of job loss); (ii) No amount/estimate: Several measures to ease the tax compliance burden across a range of sectors have also been announced, including postponing some tax filing and other compliance deadlines; (iii) Numerous state governments have also announced measures to support the health and well-being of lower-income households, primarily in the form of direct transfers (free food rations and cash transfers)-the magnitude of these measures varies by state, but on aggregate measures thus far amount to approximately 0.2% of India’s GDP; (iv) May 17, an additional INR400 billion was allocated to provide employment boost; (v) No amount/estimate: May 20, approved the extension of Pradhan MantriVayaVandanaYojana, a social security scheme for senior citizens, for three additional years until March 2023; (vi) June 12, Provided waiver of late fees and interest as well as reduced the 18% per annum rate to 9% per annum for late furnishing of tax returns for small tax payers; (vii) June 23, a sum of INR1 billion has been allocated from the PM Cares Trust Fund for the welfare of migrant laborers; (viii) June 30, Prime Minister Modi announced that the provision of food rations to vulnerable households would be extended through end-November (0.4% of GDP); (ix) October 3, The Indian Government will waive “interest on interest" charges for loans of up to INR20 million during its six-month repayment moratorium because of the pandemic. The Government will bear the burden of the money lost by banks because of the waiver, the finance ministry said in the affidavit; (x) the State Bank of India, a public sector bank with the Government as its biggest shareholder, has announced an interest concession of 0.25% on home loans of above INR7.5 million.

Kazakhstan 05 05 - Health and income support KZT 7,700,000,000,000 18,677,986,659 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020). OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 21 May 2020) KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/kazakhstan-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 21 May 2020)

(i) The President announced a significant anti-crisis package now totaling KZT 5.9 trillion. The anti-crisis package includes cash payments to the unemployed (USD95 per month per person), a 10% increase in pension and social benefits, and additional spending to strengthen the health sector (As of May 20: (a) KZT14.8 billion for the construction of three quarantine modular complexes in Nur-Sultan, Shymkent and Almaty; (b) KZT40.6 billion for incentive measures for healthcare workers participating in quarantine activities; (iii) KZT19.5 billion for health organizations treating coronavirus patients; (c) KZT8 billion in salaries will be paid to doctors, police officers and other specialists) and support employment and business; (ii) An additional KZT1.8 trillion will be allocated to support employment under an “Employment Roadmap” program; and (iii) No amount/estimate: SMEs and individual entrepreneurs are also eligible for new tax incentives; (iv) No amount/estimate: May 14, VAT rate has been reduced from 12% to 8% until 1 October 2020 with the exception of food and drugstores, transportation services, consulting services and information technology.

Kazakhstan 05A 05A - Health support KZT
Kazakhstan 05B 05B - Income support KZT OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 30 July 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: May 20, residents in Almaty can defer utility payments for March and April until the end of 2020 with no fines or penalty. Reimbursement of utilities expenses for April and May in amount of KZT15,000 will also be provided for socially vulnerable groups; (ii) No amount/estimate: July, The government announced a new round of income support payments of KZT42,500 to certain categories of the population.

Kyrgyz Republic 05 05 - Health and income support KGS 5,400,000,000 72,380,579 Ministry of Finance. http://www.minfin.gov.kg/ru/novosti/novosti/covid-19-menen-krshg-respublikalyk-byudzhetten-38-(accessed 12 July 2020). Ministry of Finance. http://www.minfin.gov.kg/ru/novosti/novosti/covid-19-virusunun-taralyshyn-aldyn-aluuga-respubl (accessed 12 July 2020). Kabar. http://en.kabar.kg/news/kyrgyz-government-allocates-kgs-640-mln-for-possible-second-wave-of-coronavirus/ (accessed 16 September 2020).

July 3, KGS3.8 billion is allocated from the republican budget for the expenses related to COVID-19. KGS1.8 billion has been spent since February 2020 for the: (a) payment to health workers, (b) purchase of disinfectants, test kits, and personal protective equipment, (c) purchase of food wheat grain, (d) provision of financial assistance for the travel of students outside the republic, etc. As of September 15, KGS5.4 billion was allocated from the republican budget, of which KGS5.2 billion was used. Utilization of KGS5.2 billion as of September 15: (a) KGS2.1 billion for the purchase of medical equipment, PCR, reagents, medical products, PPE, (b) KGS785 million for the compensation of medical workers,(c) KGS452 million for the compensation of employees of law enforcement agencies, (d) KGS454 million for medical makeshift hospitals and meals, (e) KGS200 million for the provision of food for low-income families, (e) KGS221 million for the vaccines against flu and pneumococcus, (f) KGS1.1 billion for the provision of grain and medicines.

Kyrgyz Republic 05A 05A - Health support KGS
Kyrgyz Republic 05B 05B - Income support KGS Government of the Kyrgyz Republic. https://www.gov.kg/ky/post/s/okmt-koronaviruska-karshy-krsht-paydalanylchu-bir-katar-importtoluuchu-tovarlardy-kns-boshottu (accessed 17 September 2020).

No amount/estimate: September 15, The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic has exempted from VAT a number of imported goods used in the fight against coronavirus. The decision is valid from August 1 to December 31, 2020.

Maldives 05 05 - Health and income support MVR 2,500,000,000 162,665,470 Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/media/news/mvr-25-million-economic-recovery-plan (accessed 13 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/covid-19 (accessed 26 May 2020); The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18141(accessed 31 July 2020); The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18174 (accessed 31 July 2020).

March 20, To minimize the economic impact of the COVID–19 virus, the authorities announced an Economic Recovery Plan of MVR2.5 billion: (i) reduce the recurrent expenditure by MVR1 billion; (ii) increase the amount of funds allocated for the health sector; (iii) subsidize 40% of electricity bills and 30% of water bills for the months of April and May; (iv) provide special allowance to those who lose their jobs due to COVID-19; (v) arrange working capital for businesses through banks; (vi) defer principal and interest amount of loan repayments to Bank of Maldives (BML) by businesses and people who have been negatively impacted of COVID-19.

Maldives 05A 05A - Health support MVR World Trade Organization (WTO). https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 19 April 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/public/attachments/tlDHkVtRSsbHlcIVKsDXPL7ZWH3lyS7kXzqzkPGa.pdf (accessed 16 September 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/publications/statistical-releases/weekly-covid-19-spending (accessed 2 October 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/public/attachments/nSoIun0pTs4ceefXnhtDpKCRTvnaJOycMHtOdZyo.pdf (accessed 12 October 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/public/attachments/ieNaMv9y5SHiHB7uHGN3slRfqssz1fusqjgtrNHU.pdf (accessed 29 October 2020). Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/public/attachments/u3SgkvFwWjhdM9bu7WWuPI0EJqSAKjZ6AUrZ4hcL.pdf (accessed 13 November 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: March 17, Temporary reduction of import tariffs on certain personal protective equipment like hand sanitizers, disinfectants, etc. Imports are also exempted from processing fees; (ii) As of November 5, total spending towards COVID-19 health and social efforts that is part of the Economic Recovery Plan stood at MVR1,312.6 million [update].

Maldives 05B 05B - Income support MVR The Edition. https://edition.mv/business/18270 (4 August 2020). Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/covid-19/individuals/discount-electricity-bills (accessed 28 August 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/covid-19/individuals/financial-aid-students-abroad (accessed 28 August 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/covid-19/individuals/income-support-allowance (accessed 16 September 2020, 2 October 2020, 12 October 2020, 29 October 2020, 13 November 2020); The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/19615 (accessed 12 October 2020).

(i) As of May 2020, MVR48.2 million has been disbursed as the Government subsidized 40% of electricity utility bills of April and May 2020; (ii) As of May 2020, MVR10.2 million has been disbursed as the Government subsidized 30% of water utility bills of April and May 2020; (iii) No amount/estimate: August 4, the Ministry of Tourism reduced the fine imposed on late rent fees for tourist establishments from 0.5% to 0.0493%; (iv) No amount/estimate: Under the Financial Aid for Students Abroad under the Economic Recovery Plan, students would be paid for a maximum period of 2 months, in relation to the stipend rates set by the Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE). Eligible students will get a daily allowance corresponding to living allowance for their country of study, but will be capped at USD50 per day; (v) October 7, The government would extend the Income Support Allowance until the end of 2020. As of November 5, MVR121.2 million under the Income Support Allowance that is part of the Economic Recovery Plan had been disbursed [update].

Nepal 05 05 - Health and income support NPR
Nepal 05A 05A - Health support NPR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 November 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://mof.gov.np/en/archive-documents/budget-speech-17.html?lang= (accessed 6 July 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) March 30, Health spending will be increased, including by providing additional insurance coverage to all medical personnel fighting the coronavirus, importing additional medical supplies (with duty on said items eliminated), and setting up quarantine centers and temporary hospitals; (ii) May 28, In the budget speech for fiscal year 2020/21, Finance Minister Khatiwada announced additional measures in the area of healthcare (the establishment of additional hospital facilities). The specific measures announced include (a) Testing facilities to be expanded in high risk zones; and additional quarantines with testing facilities to be established to allay public concern; (b) Healthcare and lab technicians will be eligible for encouragement allowance; and will be provided with personnel protective equipment; (c) Provision of free health insurance plan of up to NPR500,000 for all healthcare professionals combatting contagious diseases including novel coronavirus; (d) A 50% discount on annual fee applicable on a group corona insurance policy worth NPR100,000; (e) A 300-bed tropical disease hospital to be established in Kathmandu Valley in FY2021; (f) 250 ICU beds to be added in all government hospitals across Kathmandu valley and provincial capitals; (g) A 50-bed tropical disease hospital to be operationalized in all provincial capitals; (h) Capacity of National Public Health Laboratory to be enhanced to comply with international standards; modern health laboratories to be established in all provincial capitals; health desks equipped with requisite medical equipment to be established in all major international entry points; (i) Basic hospitals with 5-15 beds to be established in all local levels; 272 such hospitals to be established by FY2021.

Nepal 05B 05B - Income support NPR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 November 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://mof.gov.np/en/archive-documents/budget-speech-17.html?lang= (accessed 6 July 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) March 30, Social assistance will be strengthened by providing those most vulnerable with daily food rations, subsidizing utility bills for low-usage customers, extending tax-filing deadlines, and taking measures to partially compensate those in the formal sector for lost wages in the event of job loss; (ii) April 26, Informal sector workers who have lost their jobs due to the ongoing crisis will be given the opportunity to participate in public-works projects for a subsistence wage or receive food worth 25% of local daily wage should they choose not to participate; (iii) May 28, The budget speech for fiscal year 2020/21 includes additional measures in the area of job creation (labor intensive in the construction sector, and training for work in manufacturing and service sectors). Some specfic measures include (a) Daily wagers in the informal sector who choose not to be included in either food-for-work or cash-for-work modalities will still be entitled to food worth one-fourth of minimum wage receivable; (b) Electricity bills will be completely waived for households consuming up to 10 units per month; a 25% discount on electricity bills for households consuming up to 150 units of electricity per month; and a 15% discount on electricity bills for households consuming up to 250 units per month; (c) Electricity demand charge during the nationwide lockdown to be waived for industries affected by COVID-19 pandemic; industries will be entitled to a 50% discount on electricity bills during low demand; (d) Government to deposit employer and employees’ social security contribution to SSF during the period of nationwide lockdown; (e) Prime Minister Employment Program will be further expanded across all three tiers of governments. Under this program, an additional 200,000 jobs will be generated; (f) Skill enhancement training programs to be launched at federal and provincial levels so that Nepali workers can fill in employment opportunities created with the departure of foreign migrant workers due to COVID-19 pandemic. It is expected that this initiative will generate an additional 50,000 jobs; (g) An additional 40,000 jobs will be generated through Small Farmers’ Credit Program operated via Small Farmers’ Development Micro Finance Institutions.

Pakistan 05 05 - Health and income support PKR 1,200,000,000,000 7,231,847,611 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 & 15 May, 24 June 2020); Government of Pakistan, Finance Division. http://www.finance.gov.pk/press_releases.html (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) March 24, A relief package worth PKR1.2 trillion has been announced by the federal government: (a) PKR200 billion relief to daily wage workers, including PKR75 billion of approved cash disbursements to 6.2 million workers; (b) PKR150 billion, cash transfers to 12 million low-income families; (c) PKR100 billion, accelerated tax refunds to the export industry; (d) PKR100 billion, financial support to SMEs, in the form of relief on electricity bill payments, bank lending support, and subsidies and tax incentives; (e) PKR280 billion, resources for an accelerated procurement of wheat; (f) PKR50 billion, financial support to utility stores; (g) PKR70 billion, relief in fuel prices; (h) PKR110 billion, electricity bill payments relief; (i) PKR100 billion, emergency contingency fund; (j) PKR25 billion, Transfer to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) for the purchase of necessary equipment to deal with the pandemic; (k) PKR15 billion total support for health and food supplies; (ii) June 10, The Economic Coordination Committee approved an amount of PKR480.566 million (part of the fiscal stimulus package) to cover the risk allowance of health care workers performing duties related to COVID-19; (iii) June, PKR50 billion agriculture package for farmers and crop growers (part of the PKR1.2 trillion package), likely consisting of reduction of electricity tariff for tube-wells, reduction of import duty on fertilizers, reduction of mark-up and waiver of agricultural loans, and deregulation of the import and export of agricultural products and livestock; (iv) The FY 2021 budget includes further tariff and custom duty reductions on food items, a PKR70 billion allocation for ‘COVID-19 Responsive and Other Natural Calamities Control Program’, as well as the provision of tax incentives to the construction sector to address the acute employment needs generated by the lockdowns.

Pakistan 05A 05A - Health support PKR
Pakistan 05B 05B - Income support PKR
Sri Lanka 05 05 - Health and income support LKR 48,773,296,000 263,558,689
Sri Lanka 05A 05A - Health support LKR 2,845,151,000 15,374,484 News.lk https://news.lk/news/politics/item/29845-president-pledges-usd-5m-to-saarc-corona-emergency-fund (accessed 26 June 2020); SLRM. Covid-10 policy responses repository as of 2 July 2020.

(i) March 23, President Gotabaya Rajapaksa has pledged USD5 million (0.01% of GDP) to the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) COVID-19 Emergency Fund; (ii) No amount/estimate: Steps were taken to increase the health system capacity; the government scaled up testing services; (ii) LKR100 million from the Presidential fund was used to establish a special fund for containment, mitigation and social welfare spending, inviting local and foreign tax-free donations. The primary focus of the fund is facilitating the containment of COVID-19 including, purchasing medication, medical equipment and capacity expansion; (iii) June 30, The government has allocated up to LKR1.2 billion (0.01% of GDP) for preventive measures.

Sri Lanka 05B 05B - Income support LKR 45,928,145,000 248,184,205 CBSL. https://www.cbsl.gov.lk/sites/default/files/cbslweb_documents/laws/cdg/mb_circular_no_4_of_2020_e_1.pdf (accessed 26 June 2020); CBSL. https://www.cbsl.gov.lk/en/node/8123 (accessed 10 July 2020); President Gotabaya Rajapaksa. https://www.president.gov.lk/more-concessions-to-public-in-the-face-of-covid-19-outbreak/ (accessed 10 July 2020); DGI. https://www.dgi.gov.lk/news/cabinet-decisions on 18 June 2020; DGI. https://www.dgi.gov.lk/news/cabinet-decisions/2065-cabinet-decisions-2020-07-15 (accessed 7 August 2020); Sri Lanka, Inland Revenue Department. http://www.ird.gov.lk/en/Lists/Latest%20News%20%20Notices/Attachments/261/CMN03062020_E.pdf (accessed 28 August 2020); DGI. https://www.dgi.gov.lk/news/cabinet-decisions on 2 September 2020 (accessed 10 September 2020); News.lk. https://www.news.lk/news/political-current-affairs/item/30675-president-removes-tax-imposed-on-gem-and-jewelry-industry (accessed 10 Septebmer 2020); News.lk. https://news.lk/news/political-current-affairs/item/30783-relief-program-to-support-the-tourism-industry-subsequent-to-the-covid-19-outbreak (accessed 2 October 2020); Ministry of Mass Media. https://www.media.gov.lk/media-gallery/latest-news/2586-cabinet-decisions-2020-10-05 (accesssed 9 October 2020); News.lk. https://www.news.lk/news/political-current-affairs/item/30932-cabinet-approval-to-extend-the-agreed-concessionary-limit-on-private-sector-salary-payments-due-to-covid-19-epidemic (included in cabinet decision 2020.10.26) (accessed 30 October 2020); News.lk. https://www.news.lk/news/political-current-affairs/item/30976-inland-revenue-department-notice-to-taxpayers; https://www.news.lk/news/political-current-affairs/item/30978-government-allocates-over-7-3-billion-rupees-in-october-to-provide-relief-to-the-people-during-the-quarantine-process (both accessed 6 November 2020); Employers Federation of Ceylon. http://www.employers.lk/efc-news/752-historic-tripartite-deal-reached-on-wages-board-pay-for-employees-during-covid-19 (included in cabinet decision 2020.05.14) (accessed 12 November 2020); DGI. https://www.dgi.gov.lk/news/cabinet-decisions (included in cabinet decision 2020.11.09) (accessed 13 November 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) March 17, Tax exemptions on the importation and supply of masks, disinfectant, machinery and equipment including medical, surgical, and dental instruments, and price ceilings on essential food item such as lentils, eggs and canned fish; (ii) March 24, The 2.4 million beneficiaries of the Samurdhi program will also receive food stamps for essential food items on a weekly basis; March 30: (iii) Two rounds of monthly cash transfers to poor and vulnerable households totaling around 0.25% of GDP was made in April and May; No amount/estimate, March 30: (iv) Payment of electricity and water utility bills (both electricity and water utility operators are state-owned entities) that are below LKR15,000 were extended until end April 2020; (v) May 14, The Employers’ Federation of Ceylon, trade unions, and the Ministry of Skills Development, Employment and Labour Relations reached a tripartite agreement to pro-rate wages based on varied levels of staff deployment. According to the agreement, employers will pay wages for days worked based on the basic salary; and for days not worked, wages will be paid at 50% of the basic pay or LKR14,500, whichever is higher from May to September [update]; October 27, The Cabinet extended the grace period for the payment of salaries of private sector employees up to December; June 4: (vi) No late payment charges will be imposed on income taxes up until 30 June 2020; (vii) June 18, Suspension of the tea promotion levy of SLR3.50/kg for 6 months [update]; June 25, Tax relief measures to SMEs in the form of wavering of income tax arrears on assessments issued up to the year of assessment 2018/19, non-issuance of additional assessments for the year 2019/20, granting grace period to settle taxes in arrears/default, extension on seizure notices, and extension of the dates for the payment of taxes and filing of tax returns; On July 3, Submission of various tax returns/statements was extended until Dec 31; November 3, The Inland Revenue Department has extended the deadline for the payment of income taxes for the 2019/2020 assessment year from 30 November 2020 to 28 February 2021, exempting any penalties that could otherwise apply on delays [update]; (viii) June 26, Together with the credit gurantee, an interest subsidy scheme will be launched on 1 July 2020. CBSL will provide a 5% interest subsidy to cover the cost of funds of banks; (ix) July 15, Consumers were provided relief for electricity bills during the months of March to May, charging the lower February bill for these months, with a grace period of 2 months to settle the bill; the power supply disconnection normally done for late payments has also been temporarily suspended; (x) September 2, The Cabinet approved the allocation, from the General Treasury, of essential recurrent expenditures of government media institutions for a period of 4 months from September to December; (xi) September 8, The President removed the 14% income tax imposed on profits earned by gem and jewelry manufacturers and the 15% tax on gold imports to support the industry; (xii) October 1, In connection with the government's decision to support the tourism industry, tourist resorts registered under the SLTDA were given the chance to pay their accumulated electricity bills from 1 Mar 2020 to 31 Aug 2020 in 12 equal installments from 1 Sep 2020; further, power supply during this period will not be disconnected; (xiii) October 5, The Cabinet approved the payment of a one-time sum of LKR15,000/per person allowance for tourist drivers and a one-time sum of LKR20,000/per person allowance for tourist guides registered under the SLTDA as part of the government's support to the tourism industry; (xiv) November 5, The government has allocated SLR6,962.83 million to provide an allowance of SLR5,000 to families who have lost their livelihoods due to the quarantine curfews imposed in 5 districts of the country since early October 2020. A further SLR336.54 million has been allocated to provide dry food rations to families under home quarantine in 20 districts [update]; (xv) November 11, Passenger bus owners were provided relief (i.e, waiver of various permit and access charges) from March to maintain intercity passenger transport services amidst the COVID-19 pandemic conditions, which has been extended until the end of the year [update].

Tajikistan 05 05 - Health and income support TJS 40,800,000 4,124,302
Tajikistan 05A 05A - Health support TJS 17,400,000 1,758,893 CAREC Institute; President of the Republic of Tajikistan. http://www.president.tj/en/node/23633 (accessed 21 August 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: May 22, The Ministry of Health Care and Social Protection was instructed to adjust operation of hospitals, outpatient facilities, healthcare centers, medical facilities, and to supply them with medicines, and modern equipment. The virology laboratory will be launched in Sughd region of Tajikistan in the next few days, where COVID-19 tests will be made; August: (ii) To fight against the coronavirus pandemic, a special account of the Ministry of Health and Social Protection of the Population had been opened, and to-date, more than TJS4 million has been spent from that account for the purchase of medical equipment and medications; (iii) Further, TJS13.4 million worth of medicines and medical equipment has been purchased at the expense of the Health Ministry's budget.

Tajikistan 05B 05B - Income support TJS 23,400,000 2,365,408 President of the Republic of Tajikistan. http://president.tj/en/node/22895 (accessed 19 June 2020); CAREC Institute; IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020); President of the Republic of Tajikistan. http://www.president.tj/en/node/23422; http://www.president.tj/en/node/23633 (accessed 21 August 2020).

(i) May 2, President Emomali Rahmon has allocated TJS12.4 million from the Presidential Reserve to supplement the salaries of health and social protection workers for 3 months, who are directly involved in the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 infection in medical and quarantined medical institutions and TJS11 million has been allocated to provide hospitals with food products;​ (ii) No amount/estimate: May 19, The President sent an assistance package to the Sughd Privince. The package consists of 900 tons of food to provide socioeconomic support for doctors and those infected with COVID-19; No amount/estimate, June: (iii) The Government is providing VAT exemptions on essential imports and lumpsum assistance equivalent to the minimum wage to vulnerable households and other socially disadvantaged groups. Health workers are also expected to receive supplemental pay; (iv) Tariff increases on electricity, water, and communal services have been postponed until end of 2020; (v) Government is providing free medical care to citizens placed under medical care and COVID-19 patients, as well as sick leave and compensation benefits; (vi) Government is providing grain, seed and fuel to farms to boost food security, and time-bound tax holidays and relief to targeted industries and small businesses until September 1, 2020; (vii) Anti-COVID measures also include financial support to SMEs and subsidizing food for the population; (vii) No amount/estimate: July 17, The President signed a government decree providing one-time payment to vulnerable groups in the amount of a month's minimum salary.