Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Arab Republic of Egypt 05 05 - Health and income support EGP 102,180,000,000 6,502,079,371 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

Multiple packages have been announced by the government to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19, totalling over EGP102 billion: (i) March 22, EGP100 billion (1.8% of GDP) or USD6.13 billion was announced as the total of stimulus policies to be enacted by the government to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19; (ii) March 24, EGP1 billion additional funding for health services; (iii) April 2, additional USD7.9 million disgnated for emergency respone activities related to the outbreak; (iv) EGP1 billion in arreas will be paid out to exporters. More data on the breakdown of these packages below.

Arab Republic of Egypt 05A 05A - Health support EGP OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) March 22, EGP8 billion has been allocated to support the healthcare sector, targeted at providing urgent and necessary medical supplies, and disbursing bonuses for medical staff working in quarantine hospitals and labs; (ii) March 22, To support medical professionals, including doctors working in university hospitals, a 75% allowance over the wages has been announced; (iii) March 24, EGP1 billion (USD63.5 million) additional funding was announced, specifically for health services and various measures to increase the country’s capacity to absorb the sudden increase of critical patients that the outbreak might bring; (iv) April 2, additional USD7.9 million designated for emergency response activities related to the COVID-19 outbreak.

Arab Republic of Egypt 05B 05B - Income support EGP World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: March 22, Pension benefits have been increased by 14%; (ii) No amount/estimate: March 22, Expansion of the targeted cash transfer social programs, Takaful and Karama, are also being extended to reach more families; (iii) No amount/estimate: March 22, A targeted support initiative for irregular workers in most severely hit sectors has been announced, which will entail EGP500 in monthly grants for 3 months; (iv) No amount/estimate: March 22, Energy costs have been lowered for the entire industrial sector; (v) No amount/estimate: March 22, Real estate tax relief has been provided for industrial and tourism sectors, (vi) No amount/estimate: March 22, Subsidy pay-out for exporters has been stepped up, and discount on fuel price has been announced for the aviation sector; (vii) March 22, EGP50 billion of the EGP100 billion stimulus has been announced for the tourism sector, which contributes close to 12% of Egypt’s GDP, 10% of employment, and almost 4% of GDP in terms of receipts, as of 2019; (viii) No amount/estimate: The moratorium on the tax law on agricultural land has been extended for 2 years; (ix) No amount/estimate: The stamp duty on transactions and tax on dividends have been reduced; (x) No amount/estimate: Capital gains tax has been postponed until further notice; (xii) No amount/estimate: ATM withdrawal fees have been cancelled; (xiii) EGP1 billion in arrears will be paid out by The Export Subsidy Fund in March and April 2020, plus 10% in cash payments to exporters in June 2020; (xiv) No amount/estimate: Three months extension for the payment of property taxes for companies in the industrial and tourism sector; (xv) No amount/estimate: Extension of the individuals’ annual tax return filing deadline to 16 April instead of 31 March, and exemption of the tax returns online filing subscription fee for the use of the Egyptian Tax Authority online filing portal; (xvi) EGP50 million allocated by the Ministry of Workforce for irregular workers, including women, who lost their job due to the coronavirus.

Argentina 05 05 - Health and income support ARS 106,000,000,000 1,689,243,028
Argentina 05A 05A - Health support ARS 6,000,000,000 95,617,530 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 5 May 2020).

(i) Established Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production for employers and workers affected by the health emergency; (ii) authorized ARS 6 billion to Argentine provinces to strengthen municipal health systems and finances; (iii) created an Emergency Family Income (IFE) to compensate the loss or serious decrease in the income of people linked to the informal sector; (iv) low-income monotributistas, and the workers and workers of private households affected by the health emergency; (v) implemented Universal Child Allowance (AUH) and Universal Pregnancy Allowance (AUE) payments, worth ARS3,103 per month for each child; (vi) increase in budget items for therapeutic communities, homes with coexistence and homes for care and community accompaniments; (vii) increased the monthly non-remunerative financial to temporary workers in the agricultural and agro-industrial sectors.

Argentina 05B 05B - Income support ARS 100,000,000,000 1,593,625,498 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 15 May 2020).

(i) Increased budget for public investment in road works, economic infrastructure, construction and renovation of houses, schools, kindergartens, and tourism by ARS100 billion; (ii) suspended fees and commissions for ATM operations (deposits, withdrawals, inquiries, etc.) through June 30, 2020; (iii) exempted the payment of employment contributions to sectors criticaly affected by the coronavirus pandemic; (iv) reinforced unemployment insurance; (v) ordered an extraordinary payment to the holders of the Food Card; (vi) May 1, established emergency economic assistance within the framework of the Self-Managed Work Program; (vii) May 1, declared that Emergency Family Income (IFE), Universal Child Allowance (AUH), and the Complementary Salary (SC) are not taxable as part of gross income; (viii) No amount/estimate: May 5, expanded the Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production to cover more companies and activities; (ix) No amount/estimate: May 6, increased the benefits and number of beneficiaries; (x) No amount/estimate: May 11, updated the amounts of economic aid provided under the Job Insertion Program; (xi) No amount/estimate: May 12, required Banks to refund fees associated with the National Social Security Administration (ANSES) and Emergency Family Income (IFE) benefit. [update]

Brazil 05 05 - Health and income support BRL 146,497,000,000 30,000,093,083
Brazil 05A 05A - Health support BRL
Brazil 05B 05B - Income support BRL 146,497,000,000 30,000,093,083 Institute of International Finance (IIF) https://www.iif.com/Portals/0/Files/Databases/COVID-19_responses.pdf?ver=2020-04-24-173749-083 (Accessed 29 April 2020).

(i) Announced a comprehensive fiscal package worth USD30 billion, that includes expansion and front-loading of social assistance/benefit payments; (ii) expanding the Bolsa Familia program with the inclusion of over 1 million more beneficiaries, cash transfers to informal and unemployed workers, and advance payments of salary bonuses to low income workers; (iii) USD1.5 billion to finance two months of payroll for firms impacted by COVID-19; (iv) Announced several measures, which include bringing forward the 13th pension payment to retirees, expanding the Bolsa Familia program, providing an emergency cash transfer to households; and (v) Introducing temporary tax breaks and credit lines through the state-owned banks, lowering taxes and import levies on essential medical supplies, and assisting state and local governments.

Islamic Republic of Iran 05 05 - Health and income support IRR 2,206,300,570,560,000 52,530,965,966
Islamic Republic of Iran 05A 05A - Health support IRR 459,645,952,200,000 10,943,951,243 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

Additional funding to health sector at 2% of GDP.

Islamic Republic of Iran 05B 05B - Income support IRR 1,746,654,618,360,000 41,587,014,723 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) Moratorium on tax payments at 7% of GDP; (ii) cash transfer to vulnerable householders at 0.3% of GDP; (iii) support to unemployment insurance fund at 0.3% of GDP.

Mexico 05 05 - Health and income support MXN 205,035,000,000 9,332,923,665
Mexico 05A 05A - Health support MXN 180,000,000,000 8,193,363,376 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020)

(i) Ensure that the Ministry of Health has sufficient resources and does not face red-tape, and sufficient supply of medical equipment and materials; (ii) Advance pension payments to the elderly; (iii) Accelerate the tender processes for public spending to ensure full budget execution; (iv) Consider setting-up a Health Emergency Fund to request additional resources from Congress, that could reach up to MEX180 billion (0.7% of 2019 GDP).

Mexico 05B 05B - Income support MXN 25,035,000,000 1,139,560,289 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed on 30 April 2020). AMLO. https://lopezobrador.org.mx/2020/04/05/presidente-anuncia-acciones-para-la-reactivacion-economica-ante-covid-19-en-primer-informe-del-ano-al-pueblo-de-mexico-2/ (accessed 18 May 2020)

(i) Frontloading of social pension and disability payments by four months; (ii) Accelerating procurement processes and VAT refunds; (iii) MXN35 million - Some workers accessing loans against their social security accounts; (iv) Public housing credit institute covering three months of workers’ debt (defer further six months for those let go); (v) MXN25 billion - introduction of drinking water, drainage, pavement, and the construction and improvement of 50,000 homes in marginalized areas of 50 municipalities in the country.

Nigeria 05 05 - Health and income support NGN 517,484,000,000 1,586,765,811 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19?fbclid=IwAR3QQSk6OmfE7YbISvq0_ut_FpTD_Bc00gRB-YJ_YA_VB-VlWiYD9PBO0Ro#P (accessed 4 May 2020).

(i) NGN500 billion of approved fiscal stimulus to support healthcare facilities, provide relief for taxpayers, and incentivize employers to retain and recruit staff during the downturn; (ii) NGN17.484 billion in health-related expenditure (see Measure 5A).

Nigeria 05A 05A - Health support NGN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19?fbclid=IwAR3QQSk6OmfE7YbISvq0_ut_FpTD_Bc00gRB-YJ_YA_VB-VlWiYD9PBO0Ro#P (accessed 4 May 2020).

(i) NGN984 million released to Nigeria’s Center for Disease Control (NCDC); (ii) Additional NGN6.5 billion for purchasing more testing kits, opening isolation centers and training medical personnel; (iii) NGN10 billion grant to Lagos State to increase its capacity to contain the outbreak; (iv) No amount/estimate: Import duty waivers for pharmaceutical firms.

Nigeria 05B 05B - Income support NGN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19?fbclid=IwAR3QQSk6OmfE7YbISvq0_ut_FpTD_Bc00gRB-YJ_YA_VB-VlWiYD9PBO0Ro#P (accessed 14 May 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: Regulated fuel prices have been reduced; (ii) No amount/estimate: April 1, Suspension of the payment of the new electricity tariffs scheduled to commence on April 2; (iii) April 3, No amount/estimate: Nigerian banks prohibited from retrenching or laying off any staff of any cadre (both full-time and part-time); (iv) No amount/estimate: May 14, The President also ordered an increase of the social register by 1 million households to 3.6 million to help cushion the effect of the lockdown. [update]

Russian Federation 05 05 - Health and income support RUB 3,087,128,040,000 42,105,832,241 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

The total cost of the fiscal package is currently estimated at 2.8% of GDP, with an additional support of RUB32.4 billion for health purposes, divided into the measures below.

Russian Federation 05A 05A - Health support RUB Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 6 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) April 18, RUB32.4 billion allocated to equip and modernize hospital beds; (ii) No amount/estimate: increased compensation for medical staff as well as health and safety inspectors; (iii) No amount/estimate: zero import duties for pharmaceuticals and medical supplies and equipment; (iv) No amount/estimate: April 2, Drafted a bill that allows organizations to reduce taxable profits on expenses associated with the purchase of personal protective equipment, test systems for diagnosis of coronavirus, and medical equipment for diagnosis and treatment.

Russian Federation 05B 05B - Income support RUB CBR. https://cbr.ru/press/event/?id=6691 (accessed 6 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 15 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: Key measures include: (i) individuals under quarantine to receive sick leave benefits and sick leave pay to equal at least the minimum wage until the end of 2020; (ii) unemployment benefits to equal at least the minimum wage for three months; (iii) all children up to 3 years of age in families eligible for maternity capital to receive an additional lumpsum benefit for 3 months, starting in April, and all families with children to get an additional lumpsum benefit for each child for 3 months if parents lose jobs; (iv) interest rate subsidies for SMEs and systemically important enterprises; (v) tax deferrals for most affected companies on most taxes; (vi) deferrals on social contributions for SMEs in affected sectors for 6 months; (vii) social contributions by SMEs on wages in excess of the minimum wage permanently reduced from 30 to 15%; (viii) deferrals on rent payments to all levels of government until the end of the year plus zero rent to the federal government for three months for SMEs in affected sectors; (ix) budget grants for SMEs in affected industries to cover salaries at the rate of one minimum salary per employee for two months; (x) allowed citizens to transfer free of charge up to 100 thousand rubles a month through the Quick Payment System (SBP); (xi) social welfare programs/benefits are automatically extended for six months, and current beneficiaries don't have to keep demonstrating eligiblity during the six months; (xii) May 7. No amount/estimate: Proposed to suspend customs checks and to expand the provision of tax deferrals [update].

Saudi Arabia 05 05 - Health and income support SAR 57,165,000,000 15,244,000,000
Saudi Arabia 05A 05A - Health support SAR 47,265,000,000 12,604,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 May 2020).

(i) Total of SAR47 billion in resource support to the health sector; (ii) April 26, The government signed a SAR265 million contract to import 9 million tests needed for COVID-19 diagnosis.

Saudi Arabia 05B 05B - Income support SAR 9,900,000,000 2,640,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 May 2020).

(i) April 3, SAR9 billion to to cover 60% of the salaries of Saudi staff in companies under stress for the next three months; (ii) SAR0.9 billion in temporary electricity subsidies to commercial, industrial, and agricultural sectors; (iii) No amount/estimate: Expat fees cancelled for three months; (iv) No amount/estimate: Payment deferral for VAT, excise tax, income tax, government service fees and municipal fees; (v) No amount/estimate: Exemptions from various fees for electronic transactions, balances below the minimum, and refinancing operations and termination of existing agreements; (vi) No amount/estimate: May 14, 30% discount on electricity bills while offering the possibility of payment deferral. [update]

South Africa 05 05 - Health and income support ZAR 192,200,000,000 11,581,316,721
South Africa 05A 05A - Health support ZAR 20,000,000,000 1,205,131,813 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 7 May 2020).

ZAR20 billion to health response through the provision of treatment, additional expenditure on personal protective equipment for health workers, community screening, an increase in testing capacity, additional beds in field hospitals, ventilators, medicine and staffing.

South Africa 05B 05B - Income support ZAR 172,200,000,000 10,376,184,908 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 7 May 2020). OECD. https://oecd.github.io/OECD-covid-action-map/data/CoronavirusUpdate_AllCountries_Public.xlsx (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) ZAR20 billion allocated to municipalities for the provision of emergency water supply, increased sanitisation of public transport and facilities, and providing food and shelter for the homeless; (ii) ZAR100 billion for job protection and creation; (iii) ZAR50 billion to temporarily increase child support grant for six month; (iv) ZAR2 billion to support SMMEs and spaza shop owners; (v) no amount/estimate: introduced a four-month holiday for companies’ skills development levy contributions; (vi) no amount/estimate: fast-tracking VAT refund and three-month delay for filing and first payment of carbon tax; (vii) no amount/estimate: increased previous turnover threshold for tax deferrals to ZAR100 million a year; (viii) no amount/estimate: issued a list of essential goods for a full rebate of customs duty and import VAT exemption; (ix) no amount/estimate: a tax subsidy of up to ZAR500 per month for the next four months for those private sector employees earning below ZAR6,500; (x) ZAR200 million available to assist SMEs in the tourism and hospitality sector.