|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Afghanistan||05||05 - Health and income support||AFN||43,571,630,000||553,700,060||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 17 September 2020).||
According to the mid-year budget revision to be submitted to parliament in September, authorities envisage a total of 2.9% of GDP for pandemic-related spending, with about 15% directed to health.
|Afghanistan||05A||05A - Health support||AFN||6,535,744,500||83,055,009||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).||
(i) The government has so far allocated AFN1.9 billion (0.1% of GDP) in the budget for emergency health needs, such as (a) establishing testing labs, including at border crossings, (b) setting up special wards to boost hospitalization and care capacity, and (c) procuring the most critical medical supplies.
|Afghanistan||05B||05B - Income support||AFN||37,035,885,500||470,645,051||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 26 June 2020).||
No amount/estimate: To ease tax compliance, the government extended filing deadlines, initially to May 20, now to July 5 for individual and business taxpayers.
|Armenia||05||05 - Health and income support||AMD||30,000,000,000||61,348,610|
|Armenia||05A||05A - Health support||AMD|
|Armenia||05B||05B - Income support||AMD||30,000,000,000||61,348,610||Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/193112/pashinyan-unveils-economic-aid-package-amid-state-of-emergency/ (accessed 16 April 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: Subsidize the interest rates of co-financed loans for companies that borrow money from Armenian banks in the national currency to pay salaries, taxes, bills and purchase raw materials; (ii) a package of AMD30 billion (over USD60 million) for urgent social assistance for the impoverished. See Measure 9: No breakdown.
|Azerbaijan||05||05 - Health and income support||AZN||1,206,850,000||709,911,765|
|Azerbaijan||05A||05A - Health support||AZN||58,300,000||34,294,118||Ministry of Emergency Situations. http://www.fhn.gov.az/index.php?eng/news/xeber/2020/7/6/36724//1 (accessed 17 July 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://cabmin.gov.az/az/article/969/ (accessed 07 August 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: July 6, Installation of 10 modular hospital complexes in various regions of the country. It is expected to create 2,000 additional beds for the treatment of coronavirus patients; (ii) August 6, The government reported that medical personnel involved in the fight against COVID-19 received increased salaries from March to June. 64,038 medical staff have so far received salaries of AZN58.3 million; (iii) August 6, The government reported that 215 medical staff with extensive experience in COVID-19 from Turkey, the Russian Federation, People's Republic of China, Italy, and Cuba were brought to the country to work with Azerbaijan's medical personnel.
|Azerbaijan||05B||05B - Income support||AZN||1,148,550,000||675,617,647||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Caspian News. https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/azerbaijan-takes-measures-to-mitigate-covid-19-impact-on-economy-social-life-2020-4-6-1/ (accessed 15 April 2020); European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). https://www.ebrd.com/news/2020/ebrd-and-azerbaijans-central-bank-promote-manat-lending-to-coronavirushit-firms.html (accessed 27 May 2020); Ministry of Economy. https://www.economy.gov.az/en/article/ozel-sektora-yeni-maliyye-desteyi-ve-i-qtisadiyyat-nazirinin-sahibkarlarla-onlayn-gorushunun-kechirileceyi-barede/31115 (accessed 07 August 2020); Ministry of Economy. https://www.economy.gov.az/en/article/ferdi-sahibkarlara-maliyye-desteyi-gosterilmesine-bashlanilib/31163 (accessed 12 August 2020).||
(i) April 6, AZN1 billion (USD588 million) for the government's subsidization of 10% of the interest for one year of existing company loans; (ii) No amount/estimate: April, Tax exemptions for micro-enterprises and value-added tax (VAT) exemption for some food and medicinal products, as well as the raw materials that are necessary; (iii) No amount/estimate: Lump-sum payments in the amount of living wage - AZN190 (USD112) to 200,000 unemployed citizens of the country. The payment is considered for two months. The social package aims to relieve the impact of the novel coronavirus on the social life of people by multiple tools, including creation of 50,000 paid public jobs, tuition support program for students from socially vulnerable families, financial support program for mortgage and credit guarantee mechanism, program to support communal fees, primarily for electricity consumption of the population, and financial support program for vital passenger transport activities; (iv) May 19, USD50 million, or about AZN85 million (of the USD200 million swap with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)) is allocated as support to local firms, including smaller viable enterprises experiencing temporary difficulties; (v) No amount/estimate: August 6, The government announced a financial support package for pandemic-affected industries that did not implement significant reductions in the number of employees. Financial support will be paid in equal installments in two stages, covering August and September; (vi) August 11, The government announced a second phase of financial support to individual (micro) entrepreneurs. The first phase of the program has already released AZN63.55 million of cash transfers to 106,907 individual (micro) entrepreneurs.
|Brunei Darussalam||05||05 - Health and income support||BND||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 April 2020).||
(i) All bank fees and charges (except third party charges) that are related to trade and payments of transactions in affected sectors mentioned in Measure 3 will be waived for a period of six months; and (ii) No amount/estimate: Effective April 1 for six months, an interim fiscal package has been deployed to support SMEs and self-employed groups in sectors such as tourism, hospitality, transport and restaurants. The fiscal measures include amongst others, the deferment of payments on Employees Trust Fund (TAP) and Supplementary Contributory Pension (SCP) contributions, discounts on corporate income taxes, rents and utilities.
|Brunei Darussalam||05A||05A - Health support||BND|
|Brunei Darussalam||05B||05B - Income support||BND|
|Cambodia||05||05 - Health and income support||KHR||851,712,272,727||210,000,000|
|Cambodia||05A||05A - Health support||KHR||243,346,363,636||60,000,000||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).||
April, Additional fiscal resources to the health sector of around USD60 million are expected.
|Cambodia||05B||05B - Income support||KHR||608,365,909,091||150,000,000||RGC. http://auschamcambodia.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/fourth-round-of-stimulus-measures.pdf (accessed 11 June 2020); Australian Embassy in Cambodia. https://cambodia.embassy.gov.au/files/penh/20200624-Media-Release-Australia-and-Germany-support-historic-cash-transfer-English.pdf (accessed 26 June 2020); RGC. https://pressocm.gov.kh/en/archives/66499 (accessed 1 July 2020); RGC. https://bit.ly/3kmSOMU (accessed 04 August 2020); EuroCham Cambodia. https://bit.ly/3dOZD6U (accessed 22 October 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: April, Support to tourism sector including (a) exemption from all monthly taxes for two months (June to July 2020) for hotels, guesthouses, restaurants and travel agencies registered with the General Department of Taxation, and whose business activities are operated in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Preah Sihanouk, Kep, Kampot, Bavet city, and Poipet city; (b) non-payment of the National Social Security Fund (NSSF) during the business suspension; (c) exemption from the renewal fees for tourism licenses of all types for 2021 (See Measure 10: No breakdown); (ii) No amount/estimate: April, Exemption of all airlines registered in Cambodia from minimum tax for two more months from June to July 2020 (See Measure 10: No breakdown); (iii) No amount/estimate: May 26, Loosen the application of withholding tax for local and overseas lenders by about 5% to 10%; (iv) May 26, Extend the coverage and amount of the budget for the “cash for work program” in 2020 to USD100 million to absorb the labor force who have lost employment from the factories/enterprises and returned home from the foreign countries, to support the local people’s living standards, and to bring about socioeconomic achievements through the construction of small local physical infrastructures to enhance the agricultural and economic sectors ; (v) No amount/estimate: June 24, The Royal Government introduced the "Cash Transfer Program for Poor and Vulnerable Households during COVID-19" with support from international donors. The monthly spending for this assistance program is approximately KHR100 billion (or about USD25 million) and will run for two months in the first round (June and July); (vi) No amount/estimate: July 31, The Royal Government announced its fifth round of stimulus measures including (a) continued support through subsidies and tax exemptions to the garment-textile, footwear, travel products, bags, and tourism sectors until September 2020; (b) renewal of exemption of the minimum tax until September 2020 to support the aviation sector; and (c) continue to implement Cash Assistance Programmes for the poor and vulnerable families amid COVID-19 pandemic until September 2020; (vii) No amount/estimate: October 1, The Royal Government of Cambodia announced its 6th round of stimulus measures including (a) additional support to garment/textile, footwear, travel accessory, bag, and tourism industries, i.e. USD40 per month for each worker in the identified sectors until the end of December 2020, exemption in business taxes, and delay in the compulsory payment of social security funds; (b) continue to exempt minimum tax and delay the payment of owed amount of the civil aviation fees until December 2020 for the airline companies registered in Cambodia; and (c) continue to roll out the cash relief program for poor and vulnerable families during the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic for three more months from October to December 2020.
|European Central Bank||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||05A||05A - Health support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||05B||05B - Income support||EUR|
|European Union||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR||10,203,500,000||11,287,057,522|
|European Union||05A||05A - Health support||EUR||5,084,500,000||5,624,446,903||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1416 (accessed 1 August 2020); EC. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/09/11/addressing-covid-19-council-approves-6-2-billion-budget-increase-for-2020/ (accessed 12 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1671 (accessed 21 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1680 (accessed 21 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1829 (accessed 10 October 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-271-covid-19-eib-provides-eur50-million-to-navarre-to-strengthen-its-health-response-to-covid-19 (accessed 15 October 2020).||
(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion) from the EU budget. September 11, the EC agreed to add EUR6.2 billion to the EU 2020 budget to address the impact of the COVID-19-crisis and to fund inter alia the vaccine strategy. The revised budget increases payments for the Emergency Support Instrument (ESI) by EUR1.09 billion to ensure the development and deployment of a COVID-19 vaccine. The European Commission will use this money as a down-payment for pre-ordering vaccine doses. September 18, EU allocates EUR150 million for the transport of essential medical items through the ESI and entered into a contract with Sanofi-GSK to purchase up to 300 million doses of the Sanofi-GSK vaccine. ; (iv) EUR63 million, European Commission secures EU access to Remdesivir (first European treatment authorised for COVID-19); (v) No amount/estimate: October 8, the EC approved a third contract with a pharmaceutical company, Janssen Pharmaceutica NV, one of the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson. Once the vaccine has proven to be safe and effective against COVID-19, the contract allows EU Member States to purchase vaccines for 200 million people. They will also have the possibility to purchase vaccines for an additional 200 million people ; (vi) October 13, EIB is providing EUR50 million to the Autonomous Community of Navarre, Spain to strengthen its capacity to respond to the COVID-19 health crisis. The EU bank financing will enable the Spanish region to adapt its healthcare infrastructure to meet the additional costs generated by the pandemic .
|European Union||05B||05B - Income support||EUR||5,119,000,000||5,662,610,619||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 May 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_997 (accessed 12 June 2020). EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1221 (accessed 9 July 2020); ESF. https://esf.ie/en/covid-19/react-eu/ (accessed 5 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1496 (accessed 5 September 2020); UK Government. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/emergency-support-instrument-update (accessed 24 September 2020).||
(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) No amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules. On May 8, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework to recapitalization and subordinated debt measures to further support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. The amended Temporary Framework will be in place until the end of December 2020, except for recapitalization measures which has an extended period by the end of June 2021. The Commission will assess before these dates if they need to be extended. June 19, third amendment to the State aid extends Temporary Framework to enable Member States to provide public support under the Temporary Framework to all micro and small companies, even if they were already in financial difficulty on 31 December 2019; (iii) June 8, European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot fund issued grants of EUR140 million to innovative companies; (iv) June, EUR4.8 billion (in grants from the amended 2020 annual EU budget) for REACT-EU that will provide additional funding for the most important sectors that will be crucial to lay the basis for a sound recovery. This will involve investment to support job maintenance, including through short-time work schemes and support for the self-employed. The funds can also be used to support job creation and youth employment measures, to health care systems and the provision of working capital and investment support for small and medium-sized enterprises. Such support will be available across economic sectors, including for the much-affected tourism and culture sectors. The additional support will also serve to invest in the European Green Deal and digital transition, as an enhancement to the significant investment in those areas that is already taking place through EU cohesion policy.
|Georgia||05||05 - Health and income support||GEL||3,636,500,000||1,195,929,036|
|Georgia||05A||05A - Health support||GEL||828,500,000||272,467,264||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 June 2020).||
(i) May 7, Additional funds of about GEL350 million will be directed to health spending including lab testing and quarantine expenditures as well as increased costs associated with hospitalization, medical treatment, and medical supplies. (ii) GEL478.5 million for healthcare infastructure and other virus spread prevention costs.
|Georgia||05B||05B - Income support||GEL||2,808,000,000||923,461,772||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 20 July 2020). Agenda.ge https://agenda.ge/en/news/2020/2716 (accessed 4 September 2020)||
No amount/estimate: (i) April 24, The ‘Anti-Crisis Economic Action Plan’ listed the government’s initiatives to support the population and businesses along with the measures already implemented or announced by the government, such as the payment for gas, electricity and utilities for the for users consuming up to 200 kW of electricity and/or up to 200 m3 natural gas monthly; (ii) The government introduced the State Program for Maintaining Prices of Primary Consumption Food Products. The program envisages subsidies for certain imported products to keep their local price stable (rice, pasta, buckwheat, sunflower oil, sugar, milk powder, beans, wheat, and wheat powder) for the period from 15 March to 15 May 2020; (iii) Bank loan service holidays for individuals; income and property tax holidays for hotels (until Nov 1, 2020); (iv) Within the frame of the new program “Co-financing Mechanism for Supporting Family-owned, Small and Medium-size Hotel Industries”, Enterprise Georgia (the agency of the Ministry of Economic and Sustainable Development of Georgia) will co-finance up to 80% of the annual interest rate on loans issued to family-owned, small and medium-sized hotels. As of September 4, this measure has been extended for another 6 months; (v) The custom clearance term for vehicles imported before 1 April 2020 was extended to 1 September 2020 for car importers; (vi) No amount/estimate: VAT refunds will become automatic and will accelerate; (vii) GEL2.589 billion in transfer payments to individuals, corporate subsidies, and tax relief; (viii) No amount/estimate: Starting from January 2021, the rule of indexation of pensions will be introduced. According to this rule, the pensions will increase by at least the rate of inflation, plus a premium depending on the pensioner's age; (ix) GEL160 million in one-time assistance to all children below 18; (x) GEL35 million to help students from vulnerable families to cover one semester of their university tuition; (xi) GEL24 million total benefits for the self-employed, who lost their job during the pandemic and applied for government assistance, but were refused, as they failed to provide required documents [update]; (xii) No amount/estimate: The government will cover utility costs from November to February for vulnerable sectors.
|Indonesia||05||05 - Health and income support||IDR||591,533,200,000,000||38,930,555,566||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 May 2020). MOF (as of June 4).||
In addition to the first two fiscal packages amounting to IDR33.2 trillion (0.2% of GDP), the government announced a major stimulus package of IDR405 trillion (2.6% of GDP) on March 31, 2020, including IDR255 trillion (1.6% of GDP) in additional spending and tax reliefs, which was further expanded to IDR641 trillion (3.9% of GDP) on May 19. As of June 4, the government's fiscal package amounted to IDR677.2 trillion according to the Ministry of Finance. The stimulus packages comprise (i) support to the health care sector to boost testing and treatment capability for COVID-19 cases, (ii) increased benefits and broader coverage of existing social assistance schemes to low-income households such as food aid, conditional cash transfers, and electricity subsidy, (iii) expanded unemployment benefits, including for workers in the informal sector, (iv) tax reliefs, including for the tourism sector and individuals (with an income ceiling), and (v) permanent reductions of the corporate income tax rate from 25% to 22% in 2020−21 and 20% starting in 2022.
|Indonesia||05A||05A - Health support||IDR||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 5 May 2020). WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 21 May 2020).||
(i) March 13, The second fiscal package includes incentives for medical staff dealing with COVID-19 (IDR 15 million to medical specialists, IDR 10 million to physicians and dentists, IDR 7.5 million to nurses and IDR 5 million to other medical staff members; IDR 300 million in case of death of a medical worker) for a budget of IDR 6.1 trillion; (ii) March 31, Under the third fiscal package, authorities announced an additional IDR75 trillion for healthcare; (iii) May 13, See (ii) under Measure 5B.
|Indonesia||05B||05B - Income support||IDR||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 5 May 2020). WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 21 May 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/bumn-juga-masuk-program-pemulihan-ekonomi-nasional/ (accessed 22 May 2020). Ministry of Finance. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/ini-cara-agar-umkm-bisa-mengajukan-pembebasan-pph-final-0-5/ (accessed 25 June 2020). Ministry of Finance. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/pmk-652020-harapan-bagi-umkm-bertahan-dengan-subsidi-bunga-pemerintah/ (accessed 25 June 2020). Ministry of Finance. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/pemerintah-siapkan-subsidi-bunga-umkm-total-rp35-2-triliun/ (accessed 25 June 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-indonesia-taxbreak/indonesia-gives-tax-break-to-makers-of-personal-protective-equipment-idUSKBN23Q1KN?il=0 (accessed 19 June 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/menkeu-tempatkan-rp30-triliun-di-bank-himbara-di-tahap-pertama/ (accessed 3 July 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/pp-292020-memberi-5-fasilitas-pajak-penghasilan-di-masa-pandemi/ (accessed 3 July 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/dukung-pen-melalui-umi-pip-tandatangani-akad-pembiayaan-baru-dengan-pt-pegadaian-senilai-rp400-miliar/ (accessed 3 July 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/pph-badan-untuk-perusahaan-publik-bisa-turun-19-jika-memenuhi-persyaratan-ini/ (accessed 3 July 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/pmk-85pmk052020-mempermudah-umkm-mendapat-keringanan-subsidi-bunga/ (accessed 16 July 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/presiden-luncurkan-bantuan-subsidi-gaji-pekerja/ (accessed 28 August 2020). MOF. https://kemnaker.go.id/news/detail/pemerintah-terbitkan-pp-relaksasi-iuran-bpjs-ketenagakerjaan (accessed 17 September 2020). Ministry of Industry. https://kemenperin.go.id/artikel/21998/Dongkrak-Daya-Beli,-Menperin-Usulkan-Pajak-Mobil-Baru-0-Persen (accessed 17 September 2020). Ministry of Finance. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/djkn-sederhanakan-proses-bisnis-dan-sesuaikan-tarif-pemanfaatan-bmn-lewat-pmk-1152020/ (accessed 24 September 2020). Ministry of Tourism. https://www.kemenparekraf.go.id/post/siaran-pers-pemerintah-segera-salurkan-dana-hibah-pariwisata-sebesar-rp33-triliun (accessed 29 October 2020).||
No amount/estimate: (i) The government announced plans to reduce the number of restricted import goods by up to 50 percent on steel producers, and their derivatives, strategic food products (manufacturing industry inputs); horticultural commodities; animals & animal products; medicine, medicinal ingredients food. (ii) May 13, Postponing the payment of excise duties on imports of certain goods and temporary elimination of import tariffs, VAT and income taxes on certain medical and pharmaceutical products used in the treatment of COVID-19. (iii) May 19, The Ministry of Finance will provide subsidies, compensation, State Capital Inclusion, and bailout fund to maintain the sustainability of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) under the expanded fiscal package announced in May 19 in Measure 5. Total government support to SOEs is IDR104.38 trillion for Above The Line funds and IDR44.92 trillion for Below The Line funds. (iv) June 17, Final income tax exemption of 0.5% of the gross circulation borne by the government for April to September 2020 for MSMEs conditional on gross income not exceeding IDR4.6 billion a year. (v) June 18, IDR10 billion interest rate subsidy for MSMEs in as part of the National Economic Recovery Program. (vi) June 19, IDR35.2 trillion in interest rate subsidies for banks and non-bank financial institutions as part of the National Economic Recovery Program. (vii) June 19, Authorities announced a taxbreak for manufacturers of personal protective equipment and household antiseptic products by offsetting 30% of production costs between March and September 2020 against taxable income. (viii) June 24, IDR30 trillion allocated to HIMBARA (State-owned Banks Association) for lending and interest subsidies to MSMEs. (ix) No amount/estimate: June 25, A series of tax incentives and relief measures for producers of medical devices, taxpayer contributions to COVID-19 relief efforts, any income from government compensation, incentives and leases paid to those involved in handling COVID-19 efforts, and on the buyback of exchange-traded shares of WP Limited Companies. (x) June 25, IDR1.088 trillion in financing for ultra micro loans (UMi) through financial institutions UMi financing channels of which IDR400 billion is earmarked for PT Pegadian (state-owned pawnbroker). (xi) No amount/estimate: June 29, Corporate income tax discounts for publicly listed companies: 19% in the tax year 2020 and 2021, and 17% in the 2022 tax year; conditional on certain ownership criteria. (xii) July 14, Interest subsidy and loan principal payment relief scheme for MSMEs as part of the Nationa Economic Recovery (PEN) program involving a total amount of INR 35.28 trillion for 60.66 million accounts. (xiii) August 27, The President announced an expanded wage subsidy program targeting 15.7 million workers earning under IDR5 million and are compliant with mandated social security contributions. (xiv) No amount/estimate: September 9, The President issued Government Regulation No. 49 easing social security regulations for members by extending deadlines and reducing the amounts for certain contributions. (xv) No amount/estimate: September 14, The Ministry of Industry proposed a 0% tax on car purchases to support the recovery of the automotive industry. (xvi) September 18, The Ministry of Finance decreased lease charges on state-owned property for certain businesses. (xvii) October 13, IDR3.3 trillion in grant money from the earlier National Economic Recovery Program for distribution to local governments and hard-hit enterprises in tourism and creative industries.
|Kazakhstan||05||05 - Health and income support||KZT||7,700,000,000,000||18,677,986,659||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020). OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 21 May 2020) KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/kazakhstan-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 21 May 2020)||
(i) The President announced a significant anti-crisis package now totaling KZT 5.9 trillion. The anti-crisis package includes cash payments to the unemployed (USD95 per month per person), a 10% increase in pension and social benefits, and additional spending to strengthen the health sector (As of May 20: (a) KZT14.8 billion for the construction of three quarantine modular complexes in Nur-Sultan, Shymkent and Almaty; (b) KZT40.6 billion for incentive measures for healthcare workers participating in quarantine activities; (iii) KZT19.5 billion for health organizations treating coronavirus patients; (c) KZT8 billion in salaries will be paid to doctors, police officers and other specialists) and support employment and business; (ii) An additional KZT1.8 trillion will be allocated to support employment under an “Employment Roadmap” program; and (iii) No amount/estimate: SMEs and individual entrepreneurs are also eligible for new tax incentives; (iv) No amount/estimate: May 14, VAT rate has been reduced from 12% to 8% until 1 October 2020 with the exception of food and drugstores, transportation services, consulting services and information technology.
|Kazakhstan||05A||05A - Health support||KZT|
|Kazakhstan||05B||05B - Income support||KZT||OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 30 July 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: May 20, residents in Almaty can defer utility payments for March and April until the end of 2020 with no fines or penalty. Reimbursement of utilities expenses for April and May in amount of KZT15,000 will also be provided for socially vulnerable groups; (ii) No amount/estimate: July, The government announced a new round of income support payments of KZT42,500 to certain categories of the population.
|Kyrgyz Republic||05||05 - Health and income support||KGS||5,400,000,000||72,380,579||Ministry of Finance. http://www.minfin.gov.kg/ru/novosti/novosti/covid-19-menen-krshg-respublikalyk-byudzhetten-38-(accessed 12 July 2020). Ministry of Finance. http://www.minfin.gov.kg/ru/novosti/novosti/covid-19-virusunun-taralyshyn-aldyn-aluuga-respubl (accessed 12 July 2020). Kabar. http://en.kabar.kg/news/kyrgyz-government-allocates-kgs-640-mln-for-possible-second-wave-of-coronavirus/ (accessed 16 September 2020).||
July 3, KGS3.8 billion is allocated from the republican budget for the expenses related to COVID-19. KGS1.8 billion has been spent since February 2020 for the: (a) payment to health workers, (b) purchase of disinfectants, test kits, and personal protective equipment, (c) purchase of food wheat grain, (d) provision of financial assistance for the travel of students outside the republic, etc. As of September 15, KGS5.4 billion was allocated from the republican budget, of which KGS5.2 billion was used. Utilization of KGS5.2 billion as of September 15: (a) KGS2.1 billion for the purchase of medical equipment, PCR, reagents, medical products, PPE, (b) KGS785 million for the compensation of medical workers,(c) KGS452 million for the compensation of employees of law enforcement agencies, (d) KGS454 million for medical makeshift hospitals and meals, (e) KGS200 million for the provision of food for low-income families, (e) KGS221 million for the vaccines against flu and pneumococcus, (f) KGS1.1 billion for the provision of grain and medicines.
|Kyrgyz Republic||05A||05A - Health support||KGS|
|Kyrgyz Republic||05B||05B - Income support||KGS||Government of the Kyrgyz Republic. https://www.gov.kg/ky/post/s/okmt-koronaviruska-karshy-krsht-paydalanylchu-bir-katar-importtoluuchu-tovarlardy-kns-boshottu (accessed 17 September 2020).||
No amount/estimate: September 15, The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic has exempted from VAT a number of imported goods used in the fight against coronavirus. The decision is valid from August 1 to December 31, 2020.
|Lao PDR||05||05 - Health and income support||LAK||70,000,000,000||7,869,126|
|Lao PDR||05A||05A - Health support||LAK||30,000,000,000||3,372,483||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020, 9 July 2020).||
May, LAK30 billion has been allocated for prevention and control. As of July 1, an additional budget request of LAK23.98 billion for rapid procurement of protective and medical equipment from State Budget was under process.
|Lao PDR||05B||05B - Income support||LAK||40,000,000,000||4,496,644||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).||
No amount/estimate: April, Recent mitigation policies include (i) income tax exemption for both civil servants and employees of the private sector with income less than LAK5 million per month for 3 months, (ii) profit tax exemption for microenterprises with annual income between LAK50–LAK400 million for 3 months, (iii) duty fee exemption for imports of goods to be used toward the outbreak, (iv) deferring tax collection from tourism-related businesses for 3 months, (v) postponing mandatory contribution to social security by affected businesses for 3 months, and (vi) extending the submission of the 2019 financial report (annual tax filing) by 1 month and road tax payment by 3 months; and (vii) May, The government has agreed with an allowance of LAK500,000 per worker who currently participates in the Social Security Scheme. Of the 170,000 members, close to 80,000 will benefit from this scheme through June (Note that the estimated amount is LAK40 billion).
|Malaysia||05||05 - Health and income support||MYR||104,003,100,000||24,210,414,824|
|Malaysia||05A||05A - Health support||MYR||2,150,000,000||500,488,850||Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Booklet-PRIHATIN-EN.pdf (accessed 19 April 2020); World Trade Organization (WTO). https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 19 April 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://penjana.treasury.gov.my/pdf/PENJANA-Booklet-En-v3.pdf (accessed 26 June 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: March 23, Temporary elimination of import tariffs on face masks; (ii) March 27, in PRIHATIN: (a) To curb the spread of COVID-19 outbreak, the Government announced an allocation of MYR500 million to the Ministry of Health (MOH). This allocation is to purchase medical apparatus such as ventilators and ICU equipment, personal protective equipment (PPE) for public medical personnel as well as laboratory requirements for testing COVID-19; and (b) The Government is also allocating an additional MYR1 billion to purchase equipment and services, which include obtaining medical expertise from private healthcare service providers to contain the outbreak; (iii) No amount/estimate: March 30, Temporary elimination of import tariffs on raw materials, undenatured ethyl alcohol and denatured ethyl alcohol used for the production of hand sanitizers. Imports also exempted from sales taxes and excise duties; (iv) June 5 in Short-term National Economic Recovery Plan or PENJANA: (a) The government will double the existing allocation for the PEKA B40 Programme to a total of MYR100 million (amount is MYR50 million only) in order to fund health screening, medical device assistance, cancer treatment incentives, and subsidy for transportation for health for the B40 group; and (b) Tax relief for COVID-19 related expenses, amounting to MYR600 million, to encourage businesses to adapt to new norms and adhere to SOPs: extend the period and expand the scope of expenses allowed as tax deduction or capital allowance for COVID-19’s prevention, including COVID-19 testing and purchase of PPE and thermal scanners.
|Malaysia||05B||05B - Income support||MYR||101,853,100,000||23,709,925,974||Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/2020/03/speech-text-prihatin-esp/ (accessed 19 April 2020); Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/2020/04/langkah-tambahan-bagi-pakej-rangsangan-ekonomi-prihatin-rakyat-prihatin/ (accessed 19 April 2020); Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Booklet-PRIHATIN-EN.pdf (accessed 19 April 2020); ASEAN Briefing. https://www.aseanbriefing.com/news/malaysia-provides-funding-smes/ (accessed 19 April 2020); Zico Law. https://www.zicolaw.com/resources/alerts/covid-19-update-extension-of-mco-and-economic-stimulus-packages/ (accessed 19 April 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://penjana.treasury.gov.my/pdf/PENJANA-Booklet-En-v3.pdf (accessed 26 June 2020). Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/2020/07/teks-ucapan-perkembangan-terkini-perintah-kawalan-pergerakan-pemulihan-pkpp/ (accessed 22 July 2020). 16th Laksana Report. https://www.treasury.gov.my/pdf/Speech-16th-Laksana-Report-Implementation-Of-PRIHATIN.pdf (accessed 14 August 2020). Ministry of Finance. https://www.treasury.gov.my/kitaprihatin/special-announcement-on-kita-prihatin.pdf (accessed 2 October 2020). Ministry of Finance. https://www.treasury.gov.my/kitaprihatin/gkp-reopening-faq.pdf (accessed 2 October 2020). Malay Mail. https://www.malaymail.com/news/malaysia/2020/09/23/muhyiddin-announces-new-kitaprihatin-package-for-middle-income-bottom-incom/1905893 (accessed 2 October 2020). The Edge Markets. https://www.theedgemarkets.com/article/govt-annnounces-rm10b-kita-prihatin-package (accessed 2 October 2020).||
(i) March 27 in PRIHATIN: (a) The Government will provide a one-off cash assistance, Bantuan Prihatin Nasional (BPN) with an allocation of MYR10 billion. Among the beneficiaries include employees in the private sector, FELDA settlers, farmers, fishermen and small traders; (b) The remaining cash transfers under the Bantuan Sara Hidup (BSH) program totaling MYR3.2 billion will be paid out in July 2020; (c) The support totaling MYR270 million is targeted for students at various levels of tertiary education; (d) The Government will work together with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and relevant social entrepreneurs to provide food assistance, healthcare and shelters to the vulnerable groups such as senior citizens and children in shelters, the disabled, homeless and orang asal with a total allocation of MYR25 million; (e) The Government rental exemption for the Projek Perumahan Rakyat (PPR) with a cost of MYR3 million borne by the Government; (f) For the rent-to-own (RTO) units, a six-month moratorium is provided effective April until September 2020, involving 4,649 RTO units at MYR5.7 million; (g) No amount/estimate: As for Public Housing, the Kuala Lumpur City Hall will provide similar exemption which will benefit more than 40,000 tenants; (h) No amount/estimate: The Government has also approved a 6-month lease exemption on all premises owned by the Federal Government; (i) The Government with Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) will increase the allocation of discount on electricity bill to MYR530 million, with the introduction of a tiered-discount system for households; (j) The Government will provide a one-off cash assistance of MYR500 to more than 1.5 million civil servants of grade 56 and below, including contract workers [The estimated amount is MYR750 million]; (k) More than 850,000 Government pensioners will be given a one-off assistance of MYR500 in April 2020 [The estimated amount is MYR425 million]; (l) The Government will allocate MYR1 billion for Food Security Fund; (m) The Government provides MYR100 million for the development of infrastructure for food storage and distribution as well as crop integration program and also allocates MYR64.4 million to viable Pertubuhan Peladang Kawasan and Pertubuhan Nelayan Kawasan. This is to develop agro-food projects that are capable of generating income within three to six months; (n) The Government will introduce Wage Subsidy Program to assist employers in retaining their workers with an allocation of MYR5.9 billion; (o) The Government will provide a one-off cash assistance of MYR500 to 120,000 e-hailing drivers with a total allocation of MYR60 million; (p) The Government has agreed to pay salaries to the workers of service contractors despite their absence during the MCO amounting to MYR110 million; (q) The Employees Provident Fund (EPF) includes options for deferring payments, restructuring and rescheduling of employers' contributions. The measure is expected to provide cashflow to employers which is estimated at MYR10 billion; (r) Exempt payment for Human Resources Development Fund (HRDF) levy across all sectors for six months beginning April 2020. This measure is expected to assist companies’ cashflow with a total savings of MYR440 million; (s) No amount/estimate: The Government, allows the postponement of income tax instalment payments to all SMEs for three months beginning April 1; (t) The Government has identified several small projects such as improving roads, upgrading dilapidated schools in Sabah and Sarawak, cleaning houses of worship and police stations as well as upgrading tourism facilities with an allocation of MYR2 billion; (u) The Government will provide a direct fiscal injection of MYR25 billion to ease the burden of rakyat and businesses; (v) The Government in collaboration with telecommunication companies will provide free internet services to all customers during MCO period starting April, amounting to MYR600 million; (ii) April 6 in PRIHATIN PLUS, The Malaysian government issued extra funding worth MYR10 billion intended to help SMEs manage their cashflow and to retain employees: (a) The wage subsidy program announced on March 27 will be expanded from MYR5.9 billion to MYR13.8 billion, an increase of MYR7.9 billion; and (b) Special PRIHATIN Grant (GKP) amounting to MYR2.1 billion will be established for eligible micro enterprises. A grant of MYR3,000 will be provided to each company, benefitting almost 700,000 micro enterprises; (iii) June 5, in Short-term National Economic Recovery Plan or PENJANA: (a) The wage subsidy program, amounting to MYR5.3 billion, will be extended for a further 3 months with a subsidy of MYR600 per employee for all eligible employers; (b) No amount/estimate: The National Employment Services under PERKESO will be upgraded by enhancing the job portal and employment placement services and collaborating with the private job sites for employment matching; (c) The Government will introduce incentives, amounting to MYR1.5 billion, to encourage the hiring of the unemployed; (d) A MYR2 billion fund will be dedicated to reskilling and upskilling programs for Youth and Unemployed Workers; (e) The Government will facilitate policies to support the growth of the gig economy and the welfare of gig economy workers. This amounts to MYR75 million; (f) The Government allotted MYR800 million to support employers and employees as work-from-home arrangement is encouraged; (g) To ease the transition to the new normal of working-from-home, the Government will support working parents through the subsidy of child care expenses. There will also be incentives to encourage child care centers to comply with the new normal and to incentivize certification of early education practitioners. These measures amount to MYR200 million; (h) Under Public Transport Subsidy amounting to MYR200 million, the Government will introduce an unlimited monthly travel pass costing MYR30 for use on all rail services (MRT, LRT, Monorail), BRT, RapidKL buses and MRT feeder buses; (i) Social assistance support, amounting to MYR108 million, will be provided to identified vulnerable groups: (1) Persons with disabilities (OKU): 185,713 recipients costing MYR55.7 million, (2) Home Help Services: 1,815 recipients costing MYR544,500, and (3) Registered single mothers: 1,350 recipients costing MYR405,000; (j) To enable the transition to the new normal of remote learning and work, MYR3 billion support will be provided to increase internet connectivity for education, productivity (video conference applications) and news; (k) Eligible microenterprises and SMEs will be onboarded to shift towards business digitalization through a co-funded program with MDEC and e-commerce platforms. This Micros and SMEs e-commerce campaign amounts to MYR70 million; (l) The Government will collaborate with e-commerce platforms to co-fund digital discount vouchers, amounting to MYR70 million. This is done to encourage spending on products from local retailers; (m) The Government will continue to provide grants to eligible enterprises for adoption or subscription of digitalization services under the SME Digitalization Matching Grant totaling MYR100 million, in partnership with telecommunication companies and the Smart Automation Grant totaling MYR100 million, capped at up to MYR1 million per company; (n) An online one-stop business advisory platform for the microenterprises and SMEs, amounting to MYR5 million, will be set up to enhance the outreach of the existing physical SME Hub; (o) MYR2.4 billion is allocated to ease financial stress on businesses through remissions of penalties related to late tax payments; (p) To encourage and sustain the role of social enterprise in promoting responsible business, the Government will provide a matching grant through Malaysian Global Innovation & Creativity Centre (MaGIC) totaling MYR10 million to social enterprises who are able to crowdsource contributions and donations to undertake social projects that will address the challenges faced by targeted communities through innovative ways; (q) To catalyze establishment of new businesses, financial relief, amounting to MYR300 million, will be provided in the form of income tax rebate for newly established SME and stamp duty exemption for SMEs on any instruments executed for Mergers and Acquisition; (r) National Technology and Innovation Sandbox, amounting to MYR100 million, will be developed to pilot new technology solutions and provide relaxation of regulations to text new technology solutions (e.g. drone delivery, autonomous vehicles); (s) Accelerate the digitalization of government services, amounting to MYR20 million, to reduce face-to-face transactions; (t) National “Buy Malaysia” Campaign, amounting to MYR20 million, to encourage the consumption of Malaysia-made products and services; (u) ePENJANA credits in e-wallet, amounting to MYR750 million, to encourage contact-free payment and to boost consumer spending; (v) Incentives for Property Sector, amounting to MYR1 billion, to stimulate the property market and provide financial relief to home buyers; (w) Tax incentives for purchase of passenger cars, amounting to MYR897 million; (x) An allocation of MYR20 million to encourage transition away from the traditional working hours concept of 9 AM to 5 PM towards extended working hours on shifts-basis; (y) An allocation of MYR50 million to attract foreign companies to relocate their business into Malaysia by addressing the risk of re-shoring; (z) Tax incentives for the tourism sector amounting to MYR1.8 billion; (aa) Dedicated funding and support for the arts, culture, entertainment, events and exhibitions sector amounting to MYR225 million; (ab) Part of the Agriculture and Food Sector Support amounting to MYR50 million is allocated to agro-food workforce mobility via incentives for pioneer companies to train and educate workforce to explore opportunities in agriculture and plantations and in-kind benefits for Urban Farming (e.g. Fertilizers, Seeds, Infrastructure, Equipment, Advisory and Training) worth MYR500 per person and MYR50,000 per community; (ac) Support the commodity sector through 100% export duty exemption from 1 July 2020 to 31 December 2020. This amounts to MYR200 million; (iv) September 23, The PRIHATIN Supplementary Initiative Package or KITAPRIHATIN, amounting to MYR10 billion, targets four main groups: the bottom 40% income group (B40) who are married and single; M40 group with family and who are single; local workers in various fields and micro-traders in various fields. The Government will introduce: (a) MYR7 billion Bantuan Prihatin Nasional 2.0 (BPN 2.0), (b) MYR2.4 billion Wage Subsidy Programme 2.0, and (c) RM600 million Prihatin Special Grant (GKP).
|Myanmar||05||05 - Health and income support||MMK||38,300,000,000||27,318,117|
|Myanmar||05A||05A - Health support||MMK||300,000,000||213,980||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/myanmar-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed on 28 May 2020).||
(i) April, The allotment of MMK300 million (USD0.2 million) to the Ministry of Health and Sports for additional health-related expenditures; (ii) No amount/estimate: April, Waiver of the “specific goods tax,” customs duties, and commercial tax on “critical” medical supplies and products related to the prevention, control, and treatment of COVID-19.
|Myanmar||05B||05B - Income support||MMK||38,000,000,000||27,104,137||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).||
No amount/estimate: (i) April, Income and commercial tax payments due in the second and third quarters of the fiscal year have been made extendable to the end of the fiscal year, and an exemption for the 2% advance income tax on exports to the end of the fiscal year has been announced; (ii) Households without a regular income will be provided for with food during the upcoming long holidays; and electric bills, for up to 150 units, are exempt for most until the end of April; (iii) The Ministry of Hotels and Tourism announced that fee for renewal license of hotels and tourism businesses will be exempted for one year up to the end of March 2021; (iv) Starting April 20, the customs department has reduced duties for businesses operating with the Myanmar Automated Cargo Clearance System; (v) April, The Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population will provide 40% of the social security fees for about 1.3 million insured workers from factories and workshops that are temporarily suspended for health inspections; (vi) April, The National Food Reserve has been allocated MMK38 billion.