Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Cook Islands 05 05 - Health and income support NZD 61,000,000 36,902,601 Ministry of Finance and Economic Management. http://www.mfem.gov.ck/images/MFEM_Documents/COVID-19/Cook_Islands_Economic_Response_to_COVID-19.pdf (accessed 13 April 2020).

The Government’s COVID-19 Economic Response Plan with a total value of NZD61 million has three objectives. The first is to stimulate demand through support to local business to ensure that the economy is able to continue to operate, even at a reduced level, during this period of extreme uncertainty surrounding COVID-19. The second is to support the livelihoods of those that are likely to be most affected by the economic fallout, including those required to self-isolate, those that lose their jobs and the elderly and infirm. The third objective is to achieve the first two objectives in a fiscally responsible manner that does not undermine the Government’s ability to undertake further fiscal intervention over the longer-term, should that prove necessary. Breakdown as follows: (i) NZD5 million, Ministry of Health; (ii) NZD2.3 million support for self-isolation; (iii) NZD2 million small capital works program; (iv) NZD12 million major capital projects; (v) NZD0.97 million unemployment benefit; (vi) NZD22.51 million wage subsidy; (vii) NZD1 million child benefit payment; (vii) NZD0.87 million one-off welfare payment; (viii) NZD50 thousand redeployment program; (ix) NZD3.36 million business grants; (x) NZD2.32 million indirect costs (tax relief, TAU,etc).

Cook Islands 05A 05A - Health support NZD
Cook Islands 05B 05B - Income support NZD
Cook Islands 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NZD COVID-19 Cook Islands Response. https://covid19.gov.ck/?v=1588300681872 (1 May 2020).

(i) April 16, Prime Minister, Hon. Henry Puna, declared the Cook Islands "a COVID-19 free zone", however the country remains in Code Yellow with relaxed restrictions; and (ii) Restrictions have been lifted for the following areas (a) schools are now open, (b) travel between the Pa Enua (Outer Islands) open, (c) churches are now open, (d) social gatherings are no longer limited to 10 people, (e) alcohol retail sales extended until 6pm, (f) non-contact sports may resume, and (g) restaurants & cafes may re-open.

European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 216,199,000,000 239,158,185,841
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 3,880,000,000 4,292,035,398 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion) from the EU budget.

European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 212,319,000,000 234,866,150,442 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 May 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_997 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commision to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR 25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. On May 20, a Regulation establishing SURE entered into force. Countries will be able to use loans also in support of some health-related measures, esp. in the workplace. SURE will become available once all Member States have provided the required guarantees proportionally to gross national income, and will remain available until end-2022 (with the possibility to adjust this deadline) ; (iii) no amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules. On May 8, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework to recapitalization and subordinated debt measures to further support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. The amended Temporary Framework will be in place until the end of December 2020, except for recapitalization measures which has an extended period by the end of June 2021. The Commission will assess before these dates if they need to be extended; (iv) March, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps; (v) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competences for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings; (vi) June 8, European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot fund issued grants of EUR140 million to innovative companies [update]; (vii) Proposed modifications to its 2020 budget to make EUR 11.5 billion available for the hardest hit regions, and to support businesses, including those outside of EU borders. These modifications are stopgap measures to provide support while waiting for the European Commission to ratify a budget containing the "Next Generation EU" recovery instrument [update].

European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions .

Federated States of Micronesia 05 05 - Health and income support USD 35,000,000 35,000,000
Federated States of Micronesia 05A 05A - Health support USD 20,000,000 20,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

To address the emergency caused by COVID-19, the national government has prepared a USD20 million (or about 5% of GDP) COVID-19 Response Framework, in order to develop quarantine and isolation facilities across the nation, provide mandatory infection control training for all first responders, and increase testing capacity and ventilators for each island state in the Federated States of Micronesia.

Federated States of Micronesia 05B 05B - Income support USD 15,000,000 15,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

April 22, The government approved the economic stimulus package of USD15 million (about 3.8% of GDP). The package includes measures to support affected businesses, including wage subsidies, debt relief, as well as social security tax and other tax rebates.

Federated States of Micronesia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

(i) The national and state governments have introduced travel restrictions; banning or requiring 14-day self-quarantine prior to entry into the Federated States of Micronesia; and restricting residents from traveling abroad; and (ii) The state of Chuuk closed schools.

Fiji 05 05 - Health and income support FJD 1,000,000,000 453,802,868 WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 1 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) March 26, A supplementary budget (FJD1 billion) was announced in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Supplemental expenditures on public health, lump sum payments through the Fiji National Provident Fund (FNPF), tax and tariff reductions, and loan repayment holidays aimed at protecting public health, supporting the economy, and ensuring food security. An Agricultural Response Package to ensure food security has also been announced. It includes the scaling up of the existing Home Gardening program and a new Farm Support Package which aims at boosting the production of short-term crops through seeds and materials distribution; and effective March 2020, No amount/estimate: (ii) Temporary elimination of import excise duty (from 15%) on ethanol for production of hand sanitizers; (iii) Temporary elimination of import fiscal duties on certain products like glove, masks, disposable hair nets, hospital beds, etc.; (iv) Temporary elimination of the VAT on imports of certain products like vaccines, pharmaceutical products, etc.; (v) Temporary increase of the import fiscal duties (by 0.2/L on fuel (diesel and petrol); (vi) June 4, Government expanded its unemployment assistance. Further details to follow. [update]

Fiji 05A 05A - Health support FJD
Fiji 05B 05B - Income support FJD
Fiji 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures FJD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) The authorities have been proactive in their efforts to keep the virus out of Fiji by early imposition of travel restrictions; (ii) They reacted to the first confirmed case with a broad set of measures, including reinforced detection measures, restrictions on movements and gatherings, closures of schools and certain types of businesses (e.g. cinemas, gyms, etc.), a nationwide curfew and lockdowns of affected areas; and (iii) As the number of cases have remained constant since Mid-April, the authorities started relaxing containment and mitigation restrictions at the national level on April 26th; (iv) June 4, no new cases have been detected as of the past 30 days, and the last active case was cleared by authorities. [update]

Kiribati 05 05 - Health and income support AUD
Kiribati 05A 05A - Health support AUD
Kiribati 05B 05B - Income support AUD
Kiribati 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AUD International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 13 April 2020).

(i) January, Travel restrictions have been in place; (ii) March 17, A press release to prevent speculations and panic was released and government task forces have been formed to address commodities and cargo buffers, communication and awareness, isolation centers and containment efforts, and border control; (iii) March 21, Borders have been closed except for delivery of essential goods (quarantine requirements apply at all ports); and (iv) March 28, A state of public emergency has been declared and schools are suspended.

Marshall Islands 05 05 - Health and income support USD 37,000,000 37,000,000 Ministry of Finance. COVID-19 Finances (accessed 27 May 2020); International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020).

April, The government has formulated a Coronavirus Disease Preparedness and Response Plan and is preparing preventive measures amounting to about USD7 million, including construction of quarantine units, purchases of medical equipment, installment of washing stations, and funding for overtime of health workers. May 19, The cost of the Plan currently stands at USD37 million, now including education and logistics cluster needs. The funds from the reprogrammed 1st and 2nd quarter unused salaries from the General Fund and the financial assistance from bilateral and multilateral partners have assisted the Government with its preparatory work for the entire Marshall Islands, as well as, provide some economic relief to the private sector most affected by the COVID-19.

Marshall Islands 05A 05A - Health support USD
Marshall Islands 05B 05B - Income support USD
Marshall Islands 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020, 14 May 2020).

(i) January 24, Travel restrictions from affected countries have been imposed; (ii) March 8, Entry of all international travelers by commercial flight has been suspended; (iii) April, To ensure food and other supplies, container vessels and fuel tankers have been exempted from entry restrictions, but with strict safety requirements including prohibition of human contacts and a minimum of 14 days between departure from ten restricted countries and arrival in Marshall Islands; and (iv) May, To ensure continuity of transshipment services, a limited number of carrier vessels and purse seiners can enter Marshall Islands for transshipment, after spending 14 days at sea and only after clearance by corresponding agencies.

Nauru 05 05 - Health and income support AUD 9,100,000 6,072,931
Nauru 05A 05A - Health support AUD 3,500,000 2,335,743 International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

April: (i) Fiscal measures have not been deployed yet. Initial estimates from the health department suggests an estimated AUD5 million for health expenditures and isolation costs per 500 individuals (approximately 4% of the population); (ii) Initial estimates for health expenditures and isolation costs per 500 individuals have been revised to AUD3.5 million.

Nauru 05B 05B - Income support AUD 5,600,000 3,737,188 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

May: (i) Containment efforts have been sizable and expenditures on keeping the national airline and other state-owned enterprises (SOEs) afloat have been significant at about 5.5% of 2019 GDP. The immigration department estimates AUD5.1 million liquidity injections to Nauru Airlines, and an estimated AUD0.5 million in budget support to SOEs in managing inventory from limited freight and cargo services; (ii) The government has also used its cash buffers for the repatriation of Nauruans abroad.

Nauru 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AUD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

April: (i) The government has imposed a number of containment measures including a near-total ban on entry by air into Nauru effective March 16; (ii) Social distancing measures have been encouraged including limiting or cancelling public gatherings and recommending working arrangements from home where possible; (iii) Screening and quarantine measures have also been in effect since March 16 and apply to all passengers on arrival, including a mandatory 14-day stay in approved transition accommodation and further measures for symptomatic cases; (iv) Cargo flights are operating at normal frequency at this time, but subject to strict handling on arrival, including on contact with crew; (v) The Government of Nauru extended the emergency measures to be in force until they announce an easing [date unspecified]; (vi) As of June 4, 2020, the authorities have implemented a testing regime for COVID-19 and reduced the mandated time in quarantine, alleviating some of the budgetary implications of containment [update].

Niue 05 05 - Health and income support NZD
Niue 05A 05A - Health support NZD
Niue 05B 05B - Income support NZD
Niue 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NZD
Palau 05 05 - Health and income support USD 6,916,808 6,916,808
Palau 05A 05A - Health support USD 916,808 916,808 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 01 May 2020).

The government is taking actions to support the health sector and the economy. The parliament is appropriating an additional USD916,808 (0.3% of GDP) to the Hospital Trust Fund to help with prevention and preparation for COVID-19.

Palau 05B 05B - Income support USD 6,000,000 6,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 01 May 2020).

The parliament is also authorizing additional funding (up of to USD6 million or 2.1% of GDP) to help maintain government services in the face of declining tourism revenue.

Palau 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 26 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: The authorities have adopted early prevention and containment measures. These include temporary bans on international air and sea travel, health screening at ports of entry, school closures, and restrictions on public events.

Papua New Guinea 05 05 - Health and income support PGK 510,000,000 149,683,024
Papua New Guinea 05A 05A - Health support PGK 10,000,000 2,934,961 World Bank. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/375461585914799688/Stakeholder-Engagement-Plan-SEP-Papua-New-Guinea-COVID-19-Emergency-Response-Project-P173834 (accessed 7 April 2020).

PGK10 million was released to the National Department of Health.