Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 05 05 - Health and income support AFN 43,571,630,000 553,700,060 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 17 September 2020).

According to the mid-year budget revision to be submitted to parliament in September, authorities envisage a total of 2.9% of GDP for pandemic-related spending, with about 15% directed to health.

Afghanistan 05A 05A - Health support AFN 6,535,744,500 83,055,009 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) The government has so far allocated AFN1.9 billion (0.1% of GDP) in the budget for emergency health needs, such as (a) establishing testing labs, including at border crossings, (b) setting up special wards to boost hospitalization and care capacity, and (c) procuring the most critical medical supplies.

Afghanistan 05B 05B - Income support AFN 37,035,885,500 470,645,051 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 26 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: To ease tax compliance, the government extended filing deadlines, initially to May 20, now to July 5 for individual and business taxpayers.

Afghanistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AFN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 9 July 2020)

(i) Screening at ports of entry, quarantine for infected people, and closure of public places for gathering; (ii) Quarantine for infected people; (iii) Closure of public places for gathering; (iv) Social distancing measures, including a three-week lockdown of Kabul (March 28) and Ghazni (April 1) and restricting daily movements to those deemed essentiall (v) Extended the border closures until April 9; (vi) Social distancing measures have included 20 provinces, including Kabul and some other cities, instituting lockdown measures, extended for two weeks on April 12; (vii) Social distancing measures have been extended for 3 weeks on April 17; (viii) Both Houses of Afghanistan’s parliament were put on lockdown on April 29 until end of the national lockdown; (ix) The government also released over 5,300 prisoners to reduce the risk of mass infections in penitentiaries; (x) Schools and universities will remain closed until September; (xi) By end-June, the authorities announced the resumption of domestic and international flights and exports to Europe via the air corridors.

Armenia 05 05 - Health and income support AMD 30,000,000,000 61,348,610
Armenia 05A 05A - Health support AMD
Armenia 05B 05B - Income support AMD 30,000,000,000 61,348,610 Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/193112/pashinyan-unveils-economic-aid-package-amid-state-of-emergency/ (accessed 16 April 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: Subsidize the interest rates of co-financed loans for companies that borrow money from Armenian banks in the national currency to pay salaries, taxes, bills and purchase raw materials; (ii) a package of AMD30 billion (over USD60 million) for urgent social assistance for the impoverished. See Measure 9: No breakdown.

Armenia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AMD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020). Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/196752/armenia-ends-covid-19-state-of-emergency-keeps-safety-measures-in-place/ (accessed 17 September 2020)

No amount/estimate: The government declared a national state of emergency on March 16, and imposed strict containment measures, including school closures, travel bans on foreign citizens from high risk countries, and imposed fines to those who violate isolation orders during the state of emergency. As of September 11, this state of emergency has been lifted, with continuing regulations mandating the use of facial coverings in public places, strict enforcement of social distancing and hygiene protocols.

Australia 05 05 - Health and income support AUD 360,786,400,000 224,336,983,366
Australia 05A 05A - Health support AUD 141,027,000,000 87,690,588,540 Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/24-billion-health-plan-fight-covid-19 (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/news/covid-19-supporting-senior-australians-and-those-who-care-for-them (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/senator-the-hon-richard-colbeck/media/new-covid-19-payment-to-keep-senior-australians-in-residential-aged-care-safe (accessed 3 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/11-billion-support-more-mental-health-medicare-and-domestic-violence-services-0 (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/3-million-to-boost-the-national-coordinated-covid-19-research-response (accessed 3 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister of Australia. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/update-coronavirus-measures-15may20 (accessed on 20 May 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/additional-20-million-for-mental-health-and-suicide-prevention-research (accessed 26 May 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/commonwealth-and-states-sign-131-billion-five-year-hospitals-agreement (accessed 4 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/additional-funding-to-reinforce-australias-aged-care-sector (accessed 1 September 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/australia-secures-onshore-manufacturing-agreements-two-covid-19-vaccines (accessed 08 September 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/2-billion-extend-critical-health-services-across-australia (accessed 18 September 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/ministers/the-hon-greg-hunt-mp/media/australia-secures-a-further-50-million-doses-of-covid-19-vaccine (accessed 05 November 2020).

(i) March 11, The Australian Government has unveiled a comprehensive AUD2.4 billion health package to protect all Australians, including vulnerable groups such as the elderly, those with chronic conditions and Indigenous communities, from the coronavirus (COVID-19); (ii) March 21, The National Cabinet announced additional funding of AUD444.6 million for the aged care sector to ensure the continuity of the aged care workforce. May 5, The Australian Government is providing an additional AUD205 million in specific COVID-19 aged care funding. August 31, an additional AUD563.3 million has been allocated to the aged care sector; (iii) March 29, (a) AUD669 million will be provided to expand Medicare-subsidised telehealth services for all Australians, with extra incentives to GPs and other health practitioners also delivered; and (b) AUD74 million will be provided to support the mental health and wellbeing of all Australians; (iv) April 15, AUD3 million further funding to support frontline health workers with training and information on the treatment of coronavirus; (v) May 15, The government announced AUD48.1 million funding for the National Mental Health and Wellbeing Pandemic Response Plan; (vi) May 25, An additional AUD20 million is announced for Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Research; (vii) May 29, The Commonwealth will invest an estimated AUD131.4 billion in the new 2020‑25 National Health Reform Agreement to provide additional funding to public hospitals over five years from 2020–21; (viii) September 7, The Australian government will invest AUD3.2 [update] billion in a supply and production agreement with pharmaceutical companies to provide free vaccines by 2021, if trials prove successful; (ix) September 18, The government announced to extend a range of COVID-19 health measures, including mental health interventions until 31 March 2021 amounting to more than AUD2 billion.

Australia 05B 05B - Income support AUD 219,759,400,000 136,646,394,826 Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-05/Overview-Economic_Response_to_the_Coronavirus_3.pdf (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/media-release/jobkeeper-update (accessed on 3 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/11-billion-support-more-mental-health-medicare-and-domestic-violence-services-0 (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Education, Skills, and Employment (DESE). https://ministers.dese.gov.au/morrison/early-childhood-education-and-care-relief-package (accessed 3 June 2020); DESE. https://ministers.dese.gov.au/tehan/response-child-care-review (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-06/Fact_sheet_HomeBuilder.pdf (accessed 5 June 2020); DESE. https://ministers.dese.gov.au/tehan/return-child-care-subsidy (accessed 10 June 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/250-million-jobmaker-plan-restart-australias-creative-economy (accessed 8 July 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/supporting-older-australians (accessed 8 July 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/jobtrainer-skills-package-economic-recovery-and-growth (accessed 22 July 2020); Department of the Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-07/Fact_sheet-JobKeeper_Payment_extension_0.pdf (accessed 22 July 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/jobkeeper-payment-and-income-support-extended (accessed 22 July 2020); Department of the Treasury. https://treasury.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-07/Fact_sheet-Income_Support_for_Individuals_1.pdf (accessed 22 July 2020); DESE. https://www.dese.gov.au/covid-19/job-seekers (accessed 30 July 2020); Australian Government. https://www.servicesaustralia.gov.au/individuals/services/centrelink/pandemic-leave-disaster-payment (accessed 06 August 2020); DESE. https://ministers.dese.gov.au/morrison/support-victorian-families-childcare-workers-and-services (accessed 06 August 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/more-support-more-businesses-and-workers (accessed 07 August 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/1b-accelerate-defence-initiatives-covid-19-recovery (accessed 26 August 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/pandemic-leave-disaster-payment-western-australia (accessed 17 September 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/investment-new-energy-technologies (accessed 17 September 2020); Australian Renewable Energy Agency https://arena.gov.au/news/arena-welcomes-new-funding/?fbclid=IwAR1IuJBObl0Qn040KT56X_erGgs5nXIYWexvJbJSJMFb_aeUdVtlSWfopfQ (accessed 17 September 2020); DESE. https://www.dese.gov.au/covid-19/childcare (accessed 21 September 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/digital-business-plan-drive-australias-economic-recovery (accessed 29 September 2020); Department of Finance. https://budget.gov.au/2020-21/content/factsheets/index.htm (accessed 07 October 2020); Department of Finance. https://budget.gov.au/2020-21/content/jobmaker.htm (accessed 12 October 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/jobseeker-supplement-extended-march%20 (accessed 11 November 2020).

Three economic stimulus packages, i.e. (i) Support for individuals and households including (a) income support for individuals (AUD14,133 million), (b) payment to support households (AUD8,830 million), (c) temporary early release of superannuation (AUD1,150 million), (d) No amount/estimate, temporarily reduce superannuation minimum drawdown rates, (e) lower the social security deeming rates (AUD876 million); (ii) Support for business including (a) JobKeeper payment (AUD70,000 million), (b) boosting cash flow for employers (AUD31,900 million), (c) No amount/estimate, temporary relief for financially distressed businesses, (d) increasing the instant asset write-off (AUD700 million), (e) backing business investment (AUD3,200 million), (f) supporting apprentices and trainees (AUD1,265 million), (g) support for Coronavirus affected regions and communities (AUD1,000 million), (h) support for Australian airlines and airports (AUD715 million); (iii) March 29, AUD150 million will be provided to support Australians experiencing domestic, family and sexual violence due to the fallout from coronavirus; and (b) an additional AUD200 million will be provided to support charities and other community organisations which provide emergency and food relief as demand surges as a result of coronavirus; (iv) April 2, The Commonwealth government has committed to provide free childcare to around one million families and announced targeted support to the education system. The sector is expected to receive AUD1.6 billion over the coming three months from taxpayer subsidies. On May 20, the Ministry of Education announced an additional AUD12.8 million in funding, i.e. (a) AUD12 million provided for child care services that have more than 30% of full-time equivalent staff ineligible for JobKeeper Payments, and (b) AUD800,000 to increase the level of funding for in-home care providers; (v) June 4, The government announced a HomeBuilder program offering AUD25,000 grants to new home builders and renovators from June 4 to December 31, 2020. HomeBuilder will be implemented via a National Partnership Agreement, signed by the Commonwealth and State and Territory governments and is expected to cost AUD680 million; (vi) June 8, The government announced that it will resume the Child Care Subsidy (CCS) to support families to access affordable child care starting July 13 and will pay approximately AUD2 billion this quarter to eligible families; (vii) June 25, AUD250 million targeted package through the JobMaker plan to be implemented in the next 12 months to help restart the creative economy and get the entertainment, arts and screen sectors back to work; (viii) July 8, AUD325.7 million investment in new home care packages by the government for older Australians; (ix) July 16, AUD2 billion support for the JobTrainer package to give Australians access to new skills by retraining and upskilling them into sectors with job opportunities, as the economy recovers from COVID-19; (x) July 21, The Government is extending the JobKeeper Payment until March 2021 with a reduced payment rate. Support will be targeted to businesses (including the self-employed) and not-for-profits that continue to be significantly impacted by the coronavirus. The new arrangements for the JobKeeper Payment are expected to cost an additional AUD16.6 billion; (x) July 21, The Government will extend the payment period of the temporary Coronavirus Supplement for those on income support from September to December 2020. The new arrangements for the Coronavirus Supplement are expected to cost an additional AUD3.8 billion; (xi) No amount/estimate: July 22, Mutual obligation requirements will continue to be gradually introduced starting August 4, 2020. Job seekers must be willing to accept any offer of suitable paid work or face penalties if a job seeker refuses a job without a reasonable excuse. Mutual obligation requirements are tasks and activities agreed upon while getting certain payments from the government; (xii) August 5, The Australian Government announced the Pandemic Leave Disaster Payment support for Victorians who can't earn an income because they must self-isolate or quarantine at home or they are caring for someone with COVID-19. The support runs until February 2021. On September 16, the government has extended the payment arrangements to include Western Australia. More than AUD13.3 million in Pandemic Leave Disaster Payments has been paid for some 9,000 granted claims since 6 August [update]; (xiii) August 5, the Australian government announced that it will invest AUD33 million to provide child care relief for Victorian families. Families in Stage 4 lockdown are also entitled to receive an additional 30 days, or six weeks, of allowable absences from childcare; (xiv) August 7, the JobKeeper program was adjusted to expand employee eligibility to accommodate more firms needing the support. The adjustment is expected to cost around AUD15.6 billion in 2020-21; (xv) August 26, The government has announced a AUD1 billion investment package to boost Australia’s defence industry and support jobs across the country. The package is estimated to support around 4,000 jobs across Australia and help many small and medium sized businesses in the defence-industry supply chain; (xvi) September 17, The Australian Government announced a new total funding package of AUD1.62 billion for the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) to support Australia's clean energy transition as the country recovers from the COVID-19 pandemic; (xvii) September 20, The government will provide an additional AUD305.6 million for families and child care providers under the Child Care Recovery Package starting 28 September 2020 until 31 January 2021; (xviii) The Government announced that it will invest almost AUD800 million in a digital infrastructure package that will provide training, develop systems and establish needed infrastructure to support adoption of new technologies for businesses and consumers as part of Australia's economic recovery plan; (xix) October 6, The Government announced the JobMaker Hiring Credit package worth AUD4 billion (from 2020 to 2023) to give businesses incentives to take on additional young job seekers; (xx) October 6, The Government is delivering an additional AUD17.8 billion (from 2020 to 2024) in personal income tax relief to support economic recovery; (xxi) October 6, The Government has committed to invest an additional AUD14 billion in new and accelerated infrastructure projects across Australia over the next four years; (xxii) November 10, The Australian Government will extend temporary support through the social security system, for those Australians seeking work, from January to March 2021. The extension of temporary measures is estimated to cost an additional AUD3.2 billion [update].

Australia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AUD Department of Health, Australian Government. https://www.health.gov.au/news/health-alerts/novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov-health-alert/government-response-to-the-covid-19-outbreak (accessed on 05 May 2020); Government of Australia COVID19 official website. https://www.australia.gov.au/coronavirus-updates (accessed 3 June 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/news/state-quarantine-requirements-for-interstate-travel (accessed 22 July 2020); Department of Health. https://www.health.gov.au/news/should-i-wear-a-face-mask-in-public-0 (accessed 30 July 2020); Prime Minister's Office. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/more-flights-helping-australians-return (accessed 19 October 2020); Government of Australia. https://www.australia.gov.au/framework-national-reopening (accessed 27 October 2020); Office of the Prime Minister. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/tasmania-help-more-australians-return-home (accessed on 09 November 2020).

March: (i) Travel restrictions, screening travelers who arrive in Australia and ensuring they self-isolate on arrival, continuing with border surveillance; (ii Enforcing social distancing measures, testing people suspected of the disease, and isolating people with the virus and their close contacts; (iii) Increasing of health system capacity; (iv) Delivering support to Australians experiencing domestic, family, and sexual violence due to the fallout of coronavirus; (v) Putting limits on some prescription and over the counter medications, to make sure those who need them can access them; (vi) April 26, The COVIDSafe app is available for voluntary download to speed up contacting people exposed to coronavirus; (vii) May 8, The National Cabinet will consider the first phase of easing COVID-19 restrictions. Some states and territories have begun easing selected regional restrictions; (viii) July 14, State and territory governments have imposed a range of interstate travel restrictions, including the closure of certain state borders and 14-day quarantine period upon arrival of travellers; (ix) July 30, the government published guidance on wearing face masks; (x) October 16, The Australian Government is facilitating additional commercial flights from the United Kingdom, India, and South Africa to help more Australians return amid the unprecedented travel disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. This arrangement will create the capacity for more than 5,000 Australians to return over the next six months; (xi) October 23, National Cabinet agreed in-principle to the Framework for National Reopening, designed to reopen Australia to a state of ‘COVID Normal’, wherever it is safe to do so, by December 2020 while managing the health impacts and severity of COVID-19; (xii) November 7, The Australian and Tasmanian Governments have agreed to provide an additional 450 spaces in quarantine facilities to help more Australians return home from abroad [update].

Austria 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 56,384,000,000 62,371,681,416
Austria 05A 05A - Health support EUR 339,000,000 375,000,000 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) Additional capacities for mobile and stationary care (EUR100 million); (ii) EUR60 million are granted to the health system; (iii) EUR 130 million are given to hospitals for equipment and to finance over-time payments; (iv) EUR36 million are disbursed to incentivize eligible research on COVID-19 by Austrian firms; (v) EUR13 million on medical supplies.

Austria 05B 05B - Income support EUR 56,045,000,000 61,996,681,416 EU Reporter. https://www.eureporter.co/frontpage/2020/09/22/commission-approves-modified-austrian-liquidity-assistance-scheme-to-support-companies-affected-by-the-coronavirus-outbreak/ (accessed 24 September 2020). European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1456 (accessed 15 August 2020). BMF. https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/august/fixkostenzuschuss-verlaengerung.html (accessed 27 August 2020). https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juli/brutto-netto-rechner.html (accessed 31 July 2020). https://www.bmafj.gv.at/Services/Presse/Presseaussendungen/PA-16-Juli-2020.html (accessed 23 July 2020). https://www.bmf.gv.at/en/press/press-releases/2020/June/16-June-2020-government-consultation--%E2%82%AC50-billion-for-rescue,-relief-and-investments-.html (accessed 20 June 2020), https://www.bmafj.gv.at/Services/Presse/Presseaussendungen/PA_17_Juni_2020.html (accessed 19 June 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juni/mwst-senkung.html (accessed 17 June 2020). https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/juni/regierungsklausur.html (accessed 17 June 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/kulturpaket.html (accessed 29 May 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/haertefallfonds.html (accessed 28 May 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/gemeindepaket.html (accessed 26 May 2020), https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/fixkostenzuschuss.html, https://www.bmf.gv.at/presse/pressemeldungen/2020/Mai/kurzarbeit-mittel-erhoeht.html (both accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#A (accessed 20 May 2020); OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 24 June 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 21 May 2020).

(i) EUR15 billion emergency funds for hard-hit industries to provide direct liquidity provisions and subsidies for running costs. On April 27, expanded Phase 2 of the hardship fund, through which SMEs may request up to 6000 Euros from the government. As of September 22, the total budget for this measure has been increased to EUR19 billion; (ii) EUR10 billion for payment deferrals of personal income and corporate income taxes; (iii) No amount/estimate: rent payment deferrals; (iv) No amount/estimate: May 13, proposed a more simple calculation method to determine monetary subsidies by companies to their employees from their own accounts and from the government's funding. Under the new system, no employee should have any losses; (v) May 20, Increased to EUR12 billion (from EUR10 billion on April 13 and EUR5 billion originally) funds for short-time working, self-employed and funds to finance increased costs of caretaking, etc.; (vi) May 21, EUR1.2 billion is being rolled out by authorities as new fiscal measures including tax relief measures for the hospitality sector of EUR500 million and support to non-profit organizations of EUR700 million; (vii) No amount/estimate: May 21, Applications for the fixed subsidy have already started, with the first payments being disbursed by end of May. The Ministry of Finance will reimburse up to 75% of a company's fixed costs for up to 3 months; (vii) May 25, EUR1 billion in grants from the federal government to municipalities, geared towards support for infrastructure investment (e.g. schools, public transportation, energy production); (viii) May 27, increase in the minimum payment amount of the hardship fund to EUR500, and added another EUR500 comeback bonus, dedicated to entrepreneurs having hardships during the pandemic; (ix) May 28, Allocated EUR90 million to support freelance artists up to EUR1000 a month; (x) To jump-start the economy, a new tax incentive was introduced for companies that recruit apprentices, with EUR2,000 per position created between March 16 and October 31 of this year; (xi) June 12, Reduced VAT to 5% to support the catering trade, the cultural sector and the publishing sector; (xii) June 12, Deferred taxes to January 15, 2021. (xiii) June 16, reduced the lowest income tax bracket tax level from 25% to 20%. As of July 30, this was announced to be retroactively applied from January 1, 2020. There will also be a loss carryback, with business losses being offset against profits in 2019 and 2018, so that some of the deferred taxes may not have to be paid back at all. (xiv) June 16, extended Austria's fixed cost subsidy; (xv) June 16, fiscal package was increased by EUR12 billion to include stimulus measures, including investment in climate protection, affordable housing, health, and digitalisation and a one-off support for unemployed and families. Several specific tax relief measures are aimed at the agricultural and forestry sectors, culture and publishing; (xvi) June 17, Reserved EUR30 million for childcare in the summer from the municipal package; No amount/estimate: (xvi) June 26, Allocated another EUR30 million to Family Crisis Fund to support low income families, with the amounts to be transffered on July 13. As of July 16, this amount has been increased to EUR60 million. (xviii) June 30, Increased the top tax rate of 55% for incomes from EUR1 million until 2025; (ix) July 30, an additional bonus of EUR360 per child will be given on September 30 for each family eligible for family allowance; (x) July 30, In order to relieve employees who do not receive taxable income (up to EUR11,000), the traffic tax credit has been increased from a maximum of EUR 300 to a maximum of EUR 400. This covers commuting expenses from work to home; (xi) July 30, The SV reimbursement (for social securtiy contributions) will also be increased from EUR 300 to EUR 400. This applies from the assessment for the calendar year 2020; (xii) August 6, EUR665 million Austrian scheme to support non-profit organisations (NPOs) and their related entities in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. This has been approved by the European Commission; (xiii) August 24, Extended the fixed cost subsidy for businesses, doubled the length of time it can be received and reduced application requirements. As of September 3, the rate has also been increased to 100% (versus 75% in the initial version). update]

Austria 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 November 2020).

(i) The authorities have progressively tightened containment measures between mid-March and mid-April. Initially targeted to travel to and from Italy and self-quarantine for people with symptoms, the measures progressed to bans on large gathering in public spaces, replacing schools, and university classes with home learnings, and isolation of several ski resorts. By March 16, leaving home was banned by law with limited exceptions. For all judicial and administrative procedures, the clock was put on hold to avoid hardship due to missed deadlines. (ii) April 13, gradual re-opening of the economy has started, from small shops, construction and garden centers, while other stores and hairdressers were allowed to open at the beginning of May. By mid-May when religious services, outdoor sports, museums, libraries, and archives reopened, and the Bundesliga was allowed to restart. Open air markets and business premises are exempted from the mandate on mouth and nose protective masks since June 1. The re-opening process is expected to last through June though some steps were accelerated recently due to low infection rates, such as the reopening of the borders with Germany, Switzerland, Lichtenstein, Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary from June 5; (iii) June 15, the standing obligation for all persons to wear a face mask was limited to public transportation, pharmacies and services when a 1-meter distance cannot be maintained, or no other protective measures are available; (iv) June 16, travelling restrictions were lifted for most European countries; (v) July 24, pickup in the infection rate in some areas has prompted the authorities to tighten previously relaxed containment measures such as mandatory mask wearing in some areas. In September, this tightening extended to indoors and public institutions; (vi) The authorities eventually announced a 4-week partial lockdown effective on November 3. Compared to the first lockdown, the second lockdown is relatively more lenient. While restaurants and bar are ordered to be closed, non-essential shops, hairdressers, and schools remain open. [update]

Azerbaijan 05 05 - Health and income support AZN 1,206,850,000 709,911,765
Azerbaijan 05A 05A - Health support AZN 58,300,000 34,294,118 Ministry of Emergency Situations. http://www.fhn.gov.az/index.php?eng/news/xeber/2020/7/6/36724//1 (accessed 17 July 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://cabmin.gov.az/az/article/969/ (accessed 07 August 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: July 6, Installation of 10 modular hospital complexes in various regions of the country. It is expected to create 2,000 additional beds for the treatment of coronavirus patients; (ii) August 6, The government reported that medical personnel involved in the fight against COVID-19 received increased salaries from March to June. 64,038 medical staff have so far received salaries of AZN58.3 million; (iii) August 6, The government reported that 215 medical staff with extensive experience in COVID-19 from Turkey, the Russian Federation, People's Republic of China, Italy, and Cuba were brought to the country to work with Azerbaijan's medical personnel.

Azerbaijan 05B 05B - Income support AZN 1,148,550,000 675,617,647 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Caspian News. https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/azerbaijan-takes-measures-to-mitigate-covid-19-impact-on-economy-social-life-2020-4-6-1/ (accessed 15 April 2020); European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). https://www.ebrd.com/news/2020/ebrd-and-azerbaijans-central-bank-promote-manat-lending-to-coronavirushit-firms.html (accessed 27 May 2020); Ministry of Economy. https://www.economy.gov.az/en/article/ozel-sektora-yeni-maliyye-desteyi-ve-i-qtisadiyyat-nazirinin-sahibkarlarla-onlayn-gorushunun-kechirileceyi-barede/31115 (accessed 07 August 2020); Ministry of Economy. https://www.economy.gov.az/en/article/ferdi-sahibkarlara-maliyye-desteyi-gosterilmesine-bashlanilib/31163 (accessed 12 August 2020).

(i) April 6, AZN1 billion (USD588 million) for the government's subsidization of 10% of the interest for one year of existing company loans; (ii) No amount/estimate: April, Tax exemptions for micro-enterprises and value-added tax (VAT) exemption for some food and medicinal products, as well as the raw materials that are necessary; (iii) No amount/estimate: Lump-sum payments in the amount of living wage - AZN190 (USD112) to 200,000 unemployed citizens of the country. The payment is considered for two months. The social package aims to relieve the impact of the novel coronavirus on the social life of people by multiple tools, including creation of 50,000 paid public jobs, tuition support program for students from socially vulnerable families, financial support program for mortgage and credit guarantee mechanism, program to support communal fees, primarily for electricity consumption of the population, and financial support program for vital passenger transport activities; (iv) May 19, USD50 million, or about AZN85 million (of the USD200 million swap with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)) is allocated as support to local firms, including smaller viable enterprises experiencing temporary difficulties; (v) No amount/estimate: August 6, The government announced a financial support package for pandemic-affected industries that did not implement significant reductions in the number of employees. Financial support will be paid in equal installments in two stages, covering August and September; (vi) August 11, The government announced a second phase of financial support to individual (micro) entrepreneurs. The first phase of the program has already released AZN63.55 million of cash transfers to 106,907 individual (micro) entrepreneurs.

Azerbaijan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AZN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); US Embassy in Azerbaijan. https://az.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information-for-azerbaijan/ (accessed 15 July 2020).

(i) To contain the spread of COVID-19, the authorities have introduced a special quarantine regime (until June 15). It includes border closures, required quarantine of returning citizens, prohibition of mass gatherings, and restriction on domestic movements; (ii) The COVID-19 Operational Headquarters has been created under the Cabinet of Ministers, and working groups within various ministries and the CBA have been tasked with developing specific measures. These restrictions are being slowly relaxed starting May 4; (iii) July, Because of the increasing cases of infections, the government announced the decision to prolong a strict quarantine regime until July 20 and special quarantine regime until August 1 .

Belgium 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 10,488,870,002 11,602,732,303 Belgium Government. https://news.belgium.be/fr/le-gouvernement-federal-se-prononce-en-faveur-dun-vaste-plan-de-soutien-socio-economique (accessed 11 November 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 20 May 2020).

(i) EUR6.4 billion in total measures as part of the fiscal package outlined in the Stability Program to adress the crises. Key fiscal support measures include: boosting health expenditure and increasing support for those in temporary unemployment and self-employed. As of November 6, this measure has been extended in two parts: first, with the extension of subsidies for self-employed persons with businesses that had to close, and second, with temporarily unemployed salaried workers receiving an allowance equal to 70% of their gross monthly salary (capped at EUR2,754.76). In addition, salaried workers receives an allowance from the ONEM (National Employment Office) of EUR5.63 per day of temporary unemployment. This measure will apply until March 31, 2021, with the possibility of extension [update]; (ii) EUR3.8 billion (increased from EUR1.7 billion) regional governments' support to affected firms and sectors, and transfers to affected households.

Belgium 05A 05A - Health support EUR 1,413,070,000 1,563,130,531 Belgium Government. https://news.belgium.be/fr/le-gouvernement-federal-se-prononce-en-faveur-dun-vaste-plan-de-soutien-socio-economique (accessed 11 November 2020); European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/2020-european-semester-stability-programme-belgium_fr.pdf (accessed 24 May 2020).

(i) Of the total packages, around EUR1.2 billion are dedicated to health initiatives, with EUR1 billion for federal intiatives and EUR0.2 billion for regional; (ii) November 6, Retained the right to reimbursement of health care costs until December 31, 2021, while offering payment plans for self-employed workers who have obtained a deferral of payment of social contributions; [update] (iii) November 6, EUR200 million is planned for hospital staff (salaried and self-employed workers), aimed at providing support measures. Further, additional budget of EUR13.07 million for consumer vouchers in the healthcare sector and extension of the validity of consumer vouchers until the end of 2021. [update]

Belgium 05B 05B - Income support EUR 9,075,800,002 10,039,601,772 European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/mex_20_1771 (accessed 2 October 2020). https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020). https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/2020-european-semester-stability-programme-belgium_fr.pdf (accessed 24 May 2020). Belgium Government. https://news.belgium.be/fr/le-gouvernement-federal-se-prononce-en-faveur-dun-vaste-plan-de-soutien-socio-economique (accessed 11 November 2020), https://news.belgium.be/fr/prise-en-compte-du-conge-parental-corona-dans-la-pension-des-membres-du-personnel-de-la-fonction (accessed 12 August 2020), https://news.belgium.be/fr/covid-19-indemnite-de-crise-supplementaire-pour-certains-independants-et-conjoints-aidants-reconnus (accessed 25 July 2020), https://news.belgium.be/fr/financement-de-skeyes-suite-la-pandemie-due-au-covid-19 (accessed 18 July 2020). Federale Overheidsdienst Financien. https://financien.belgium.be/nl/Actueel/update-covid-19-verlenging-van-de-termijn-van-vrijstelling-van-rechten-en-btw-bij-invoer-op (accessed 30 July 2020). https://financien.belgium.be/nl/Actueel/vrijgestelde-reserve-ter-versterking-van-de-solvabiliteit-en-het-eigen-vermogen-ten-gevolge (accessed 2 July 2020). Service Public Federal Finances. https://finances.belgium.be/fr/douanes_accises/entreprises/corona-informations-et-mesures/mesures-de-soutien-relatives-aux-d%c3%a9lais (accessed 26 June 2020), https://finances.belgium.be/fr/Actualites/diminution-temporaire-taux-tva-secteur-horeca (accessed 14 June 2020). EU Reporter. https://www.eureporter.co/frontpage/2020/10/12/commission-approves-e15-8-million-belgian-scheme-to-support-hotels-and-aparthotels-in-brussels-in-context-of-coronavirus-outbreak/ (accessed 15 October 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 November 2020)

(i) On the other hand, non-health initiatives total EUR9 billion, with EUR5.3 billion for federal and EUR3.7 billion for regional; (ii) April 3, exemptions from VAT and import duties for goods needed to mitigate the effects of COVID-19 were granted. As of July 23, this measure has been extended until October 31, 2020; (iii) In addition, reduced the VAT rate applicable to some restaurant and catering services to 6% until the end of 2020 while also exempting social contributions for Q32020 for these sectors. As of November 6, this measure has been extended to allow more sectors to avail of the exemption from scoial contributions [update]; (iv) June 9, Support measures relating to payment periods have been approved, and extension of the payment periods for VAT and Excessive Duties extend to December 31; (v) June 26, Temporary exemption from corporate tax based on losses incurred during the next tax period; (vi) July 10, EUR45 million in grants to skeyes (Belgian air navigation service) to ensure the operational and financial sustainability of the public enterprise in 2020; (vii) July 10, An advanced payment of EUR15 million was made to skeyes (Belgian air navigation service) for terminal fees for the latter half of the year; (viii) No amount/estimate: July 17, Additional crisis allowance for certain self-employed persons and assisting spouses recognized as incapacitated for work due to the containment measures; (ix) July 24, Considered coronavirus parental leaves in computing for the pension of the civil service; (x) September 29, The European Commission has approved Belgium's plan to grant EUR2.2 million in support to the airports of Ostend, Antwerp and Kortrijk. The funding from the Government will be used as direct grants and cost/fee deferrals; (xi) October 12, The European Commission has approved another EUR15.8 million Belgian scheme to support hotels and aparthotels in Brussels in context of coronavirus outbreak in the form of direct grants; (xii) November 6, Additional support to households and firms affected by the re-imposition of restrictions, mostly in the form of a temporary extension or expansion of previous measures. Authorities have also extended the premiums, reimbursements, bonuses and subsidies for those who are unemployed and/or considered "most vulnerable" [update]; (xiii) November 6, Extension of tax exemption of subsidies granted by towns, municipalities and federal entities [update]; (xiv) November 6, Flexible access to unemployment for artists. Artists who can provide proof of at least 10 artistic performances or 20 working days during the period from March 13, 2019 to March 13, 2020, are granted access to unemployment for artists. [update]

Belgium 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 November 2020).

(i) The minority government-which has been granted enhanced executive powers-has implemented a range of measures to reduce the spread of the coronavirus, including school and retail shop closures, a ban on all gatherings, limiting movement to essential needs, ban of non-essential travel abroad; (ii) The government has announced a phased conditional on health outcomes. On this basis, manufacturing and business services sectors were reopened on May 4, to be followed by shops (May 11 and May 18). Schools will also start to gradually reopen from May 18. The reopening of other sectors and overseas travel will be assessed by June 8, while sporting events remain banned until July 31; (iii) June 11, Hospitality, cultural, and non-contact sports activities (without audience) as well as religious services were allowed to resume as of June 8. Domestic travel restrictions have been lifted; (iv) June 18, travel restrictions within the Schengen area have also been lifted; (v) July 23, Due to the recent rise in the number of new cases, the government decided to put the 5th phase of reopening on hold, imposed new preventive measures and further decentralized decision making regarding mask wearing to local authorities; (vi) August 20, the government decided to ease some restrictions, while keeping social distancing rules in place until at least end-September. For instance, shopping and events are now permitted; (vii) Schools, except universities, have fully reopened in September, with in-person classes; (viii) Containment measures have been ramped up significantly since early October amidst a sharp resurgence of cases and hospitalizations culminating in a new lockdown from November 2. [update]

Canada 05 05 - Health and income support CAD 321,301,500,000 230,282,386,669
Canada 05A 05A - Health support CAD 25,174,000,000 18,042,644,687 Department of Finance Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/news/2020/05/government-provides-tariff-relief-to-importers-of-certain-medical-goods.html (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) Immediate public health response--CAD50 million; COVID-19 response fund--CAD1.025 billion; Personal protective equipment and supplies-CAD2 billion; Safe Restart Agreement--CAD19.351 billion; Personal protective equipment for essential workers--CAD511 million; Support for Health Canada and Public Health Agency of Canada--CAD88 million; Reducing import costs for critical medical goods--CAD 281 million; Health and Social Support for Northern Communities--CAD115 million; Medical research and vaccine development--CAD1.127 billion; Consular assistance--CAD100 million; Virtual care and mental health tools--CAD241 million; Enhancing public health in Indigenous communities--CAD285 million [update]

Canada 05B 05B - Income support CAD 296,127,500,000 212,239,741,982 Department of Finance Canada.. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/economic-response-plan.html?topic=ex-col-faq (accessed 10 June 2020). Department of Finance https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/news/2020/07/supporting-canadian-workers-and-businesses-with-a-redesigned-canada-emergency-wage-subsidy.html (accessed 20 July 2020). Department of Finance https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/news/2020/07/government-legislation-to-support-canadian-workers-businesses-persons-with-disabilities-and-legal-rights-receives-royal-assent.html (accessed 31 July 2020). Department of Finance https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/news/2020/07/government-announces-new-extension-of-rent-relief-for-small-businesses.html (accessed 1 August 2020). Canadian Government https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/economic-response-plan/fiscal-summary.html (accessed 27 September 2020).

Items i through vii are from the Canadian Government's "Fiscal Summary" posted online, August 11: (i) Support for individuals: Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB) - CAD80.473 billion; Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy (CEWS)-CAD83.6 billion; 10% temporary wage subsidy--CAD2.08 billion; Temporary enhanced GST Credit - CAD5.515 billion; Temporary Enhanced Canada Child Benefit - CAD1.997 billion; Canada Student Loan Payments - CAD190 million; Waiving employment insurance waiting period for people in imposed quarantine--CAD5 million; Advertising campaign for government COVID-19 response plan--CAD10 million; COVID-19 communications and marketing--CAD50 million (ii) Support for student and recent graduates: Youth employment and skills development programs--CAD 1.008 billion; Canada Emergency Student Benefit--CAD5.250 billion; Canada Student Service Grant--CAD900 million; (iii) One-time payment to OAS and GIS recipients--CAD2.509 billion; New Horizons for Seniors Program expansion--CAD20 million; Lower RRIF minimum withdrawal--CAD495 million; United Way contribution--CAD9 million; (iv) Support for Vulnerable Groups: Indigenous Community Support Fund--CAD380 million; Support for the On Reserve Income Assistance Program--CAD270 million; Support for people experiencing homelessness (through Reaching Home) - CAD157.5 million; Support for women’s shelters and sexual assault centres including on reserve - CAD50 million; Protecting and supporting Indigenous women and girls fleeing violence--CAD29 million; Kids Help Phone--CAD8 million; Support for food banks and local food organizations--CAD100 million; Support for charities and non-profits serving vulnerable people--CAD100 million; Support for persons with disabilities--CAD865 million; Support for Red Cross--CAD100 million (v) Support for Business and Sector Specific Groups: CAnada Emergency Business Account (CEBA) 25% incentive--CAD13.75 billion; Support for Indiginous economies and Indigenous tourism--CAD133 million; Support for Indigenous businesses and Aboriginal financial institutions--CAD307 million; Financial relief for Fist Nations through the First Nations Finance Authority--CAD17 million; Enhancements to the Work-Sharing Program--CAD12 million; Canada Emergency Commercial Rent Assistance (CAD2,974 million less Provincial contributions of CAD569 million = CAD2,405 million); Woment Entrepreneurship Strategy--CAD15 million; Parks Canada Rent Relief & Revenue Replacement--CAD74 million; Granville Island Emergency Relief Fund--CAD17 million; Wage subsidy for staff of the non-public funds, Canadian forces--CAD6 million; Support for Federal Bridge Corporation--CAD3 million; (vi) Support for sectors: Air transportatoin--CAD331 million; Food inspection--CAD20 million; Firms that hire temporary foreign workers--54 million; Emergency Support Fund for cultural, heritage, and sport organization to address financial needs of affected organizations so they can continue to support artists and athletes--CAD500 million; Broadcasting industry--CAD35 million; Canada's national museums--CAD26 million; National Arts Centre--18 million; Emissions reduction fund for oil and gas sector--CAD750 million; Cleaning up former oil and gas wells--CAD1.72 billion; Safety measures in forest operations--CAD 30 million; Farmers, food businesses, and food supply--CAD453 million; Fish and seafood processors--CAD63 million; Fish harvesters--CAD469 million; Academic research community--450 million; (vii) Tax support: Income tax payment deferral until after August--CAD55 billion; Sales tax remittance and customs duty payments deferral--CAD30 billion; Supporting safe jobs and safe operations of junior mining companies--CAD50 million; (viii) No amount/estimate: Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB) provides a taxable benefit of CAD2,000 every 4 weeks for up to 16 weeks to eligible workers who have lost their income due to COVID-19; (ix) No amount/estimate: Increased payments of 50% to 75% to AgriStability to support farmers that face significant revenue declines; (x) No amount/estimate: Flexibility for individual and corporate taxpayers (tax payment deferral until September); (xi) No amount/estimate; July 20, the Finance Ministry announced proposed changes to the Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy (CEWS) that would extend it to December 19, 2020, make the subsidy eligible to a broader range of employers by including those with a revenue decline of less than 30 percent, introduce a top-up subsidy up to an additional 25 percent for employers most adversely affected; (xii) No amount/estimate: July 27, the Department of Finance announced that Bill C-20, An Act Respecting Further COVID-19 Measures, ensures the CEWS continues through December 19, 2020, is now accessible to a broader range of employers, introduces a top-up subsidy of up to an additional 25 percent employers most adversely affected by COVID-19; the Bill also provides a one-time non-taxable payment of up to CAD600 to approximately 1.7 million to eligible disabled individual; (xiii) No amount/estimate: July 31, the Department of Finance announced an extension of rent relief for small businesses by one month through the Canada Emergency Commercial Rent Assistance; (xiv) No amount/estimate: Starting October 5, the Canada Recovery Sickness Benefit will provide CAD500 per week for up to 2 weeks for those that miss work from having COVID-19; (xv) No amount/estimate: Starting October 5, the Canada Recovery Caregiving Benefit will provide CAD500 per week for up to 26 weeks for caregivers; (xvi) No amount/estimate: Starting October 12, the Canada Recovery Benefit provides CAD500 per week for up to 26 weeks for those unemployed but not eligible for employment insurance;

Canada 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures CAD International Monetary Fund. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#C (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) Travel restrictions; (ii) Social distancing measures; (iii) Declarations of states of emergency; (iv) Closures of non-essential businesses in some provinces; (v) Reopening the economy. On April 28, Prime Minister Trudeau released a joint statement with premiers across Canada on their shared public health approach to support restarting the economy; all provinces have begun to implement plans to reopen.

Denmark 05 05 - Health and income support DKK 271,005,800,000 40,122,097,249
Denmark 05A 05A - Health support DKK 2,368,800,000 350,698,118 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 30 April 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020). Denmark government. https://sim.dk/nyheder/nyhedsarkiv/2020/jul/kommunerne-faar-8-9-mia-kr-ekstra-udbetalt-efter-covid-19/ (accessed 2 July 2020). The Local Denmark. https://www.thelocal.dk/20201111/denmark-announces-funds-for-clinical-trials-of-covid-19-vaccine (accessed 12 November 2020)

(i) March 30, DKK150 million in subsidies provided to health research specifically related to COVID-19; (ii) Recently an additional DKK 0.8 billion has been allocated to hire more social and health workers nationwide; (iii) July 1, DKK1.4 billion disbursed to municipalities for protective equipment and extra cleaning; (iv) November 11, DKK18.8 million allocated for the testing of a potential COVID-19 vaccine developed by researchers. [update]

Denmark 05B 05B - Income support DKK 268,637,000,000 39,771,399,132 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 30 April 2020). https://bm.dk/nyheder-presse/pressemeddelelser/2020/06/alle-foraeldre-faar-ret-til-et-halvt-aars-sorgorlov/ (accessed 18 June 2020). https://bm.dk/nyheder-presse/nyheder/2020/06/oversigt-disse-personer-er-berettigeret-til-engangstilskud-paa-1000-kr/ (accessed 18 June 2020). Denmark government. https://sim.dk/nyheder/nyhedsarkiv/2020/jul/kommunerne-faar-8-9-mia-kr-ekstra-udbetalt-efter-covid-19/ (accessed 13 August 2020). European Commission. https://www.eureporter.co/frontpage/2020/08/04/commission-approves-cohesion-policy-funds-redirection-to-mitigate-the-impact-of-coronavirus-in-denmark-and-near-the-hungarian-slovakian-border (accessed 6 July 2020)

(i) March 10, DKK32.5 billion liquidity effect of deferral of monthly VAT payments for large firms; (ii) March 12, No amount/estimate: Short-time Work Scheme made more flexible; (iii) DKK10 million for upskilling of dismissed employees; (iv) DKK1.7 billion sickness benefit reimbursement available from 27 February to 1 January 2021; (v) March 26, DKK1.1 billion liquidity effect of deferral of property taxes; (vi) DKK2.5 billion frontloading of investments in e.g. energy renovation and similar initiatives in municipalities; (vii) March 26, DKK6.5 billion frontloading of payment by local governments to firms; (viii) March, DKK74 billion liquidity effect of deferral of income tax payment and labor market contributions; (ix) April 1, DKK300 million compensation scheme to event organizer companies extended; (x) April 7, DKK1.2 billion for a range of minor support schemes established to support agents and businesses with cultural activities, sports and private education. This amount has been increased to DKK1.9 billion [update]; (xi) April 18, DKK6 billion for the Job Retention Scheme available from 9 March to 8 July 2020. Take-up rate around 5% of the labour force (150,000 employees) on 19 April; (xii) April 18, DKK277 million for increased access to unemployment and sickness benefits. As of June 5, the wage compensation has been extended to August 29; (xiii) April 18, DKK65.3 billion compensation scheme for companies’ fixed costs available for the period 9 March to 8 July; (xiv) April 18, DKK14.3 billion compensation scheme for self-employed; (xv) April 18, DKK350 million for Innovation and Sustainable Growth in Business Scheme to support new projects. As of August 5, the European Commission has approved the extension of this program to help affected companies restructure and consolidate themselves. The modification will also improve cooperation between large companies and SMEs in green transition; (xvi) April, DKK35.4 billion VAT payments already made for second half and last quarter of 2019 are made available as interest free loans; (xvii) April, DKK5 billion liquidity impact of deferral of provisional taxes for self-employed; (xviii) May 14, No amount/estimate: Increased holiday and time-off benefits for students, apprentices, and trainees; (xix) May 20, Established a pool of DKK20 million to sponsor collegiate, cultural, and sporting activities for vulnerable and elderly citizens during the coronavirus crisis. The pool is managed by the Ministry of Culture's Palace and Culture Board; (xx) May 26, No amount/estimate: Relaxed requirements to receive pension and unemployment benefits; (xxi) May 26, No amount/estimate: Frozen holiday funds must be paid out by employers by September 1, 2020; (xxii) May 28, DKK18 billion from further VAT deferrals for medium-sized firms; (xxiii) No amount/estimate: June 4, Banned predatory mortgage loan providers, and created rules to facilitate settlement of those loans; (xxiv) No amount/estimate: June 15, Announced a one-time grant of DKK1,000 to be paid to beneficiaries who were fully or partially publicly supported by a public income transfer in the month of April; (xxv) No amount/estimate: June 15, Gives six months' grief leave to all parents who lose a child under the age of 18; (xxvi) No amount/estimate: Extended deadlines for Danish municipalities and regions to prepay deliveries worth DKK1 million (minus value added taxes) or less; (xxvii) DKK700 million summer fiscal package for the tourism, transportation, athletics, and culture sectors; (xxviii) No amount/estimate: Extend the suspension of the 225-hour rule for cash beneficiaries until September 8, 2020; (xxix) DKK730 million for increased unemployment benefits - unemployed people over 30 years will be entitled to take a vocational education of 110% unemployment benefit; (xxx) July 1, DKK7.5 billion disbursed to municipalities for transfer costs, employment grants, and other non-health expenditures. The other 1.4 billion of the 8.9 billion total package can be found in (iii) of Measure 5A; (xxxi) July 13, The European Commission has approved two Danish schemes to support self-employed workers and freelancers affected by the coronavirus outbreak: (a) DKK500 million for self-employed workers active in all sectors of the economy except the financial sector; (b) DKK200 million for self-employed workers and freelancers whose yearly income is strongly dependent on delivering goods or services linked to large events, which were initially planned for the summer of this year but had to be cancelled or postponed due to the emergency measures put in place by the Danish government to limit the spread of the coronavirus; (xxxii) July 14, DKK1.1 billion to compensate fixed costs of companies whose activities are still subject to the restrictive measures implemented by the Danish Government to limit the spread of the coronavirus. As of August 7, this measure has been extended to August 29 for companies which are still not allowed to open under the current rules; (xxxiii) September 10, DKK250 million economic recovery package that will be used to strengthen the companies in the Nordic countries' opportunities in the green transition, remove burdens for companies, and get particularly hard-hit businesses such as. tourism back on track.

Denmark 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures DKK IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020). The Local Denmark. https://www.thelocal.dk/20200517/denmark-begins-next-stage-of-reopening-after-lockdown (accessed 21 May 2020). The Local Denmark. https://www.thelocal.dk/20201007/denmark-extends-covid-19-restrictions-as-new-cases-in-copenhagen-drop (accessed 8 September 2020)

(i) People returning from abroad are strongly encouraged to self-quarantine for two weeks. Borders have been closed and entry are only allowed for citizens and others with a critical reason to enter (e.g. work or visit sick family member). EU border restrictions apply as well. Borders remain fully open to transport of goods and capital flows. Air traffic is de facto shut down. All schools, childcare and education facilities were closed, but have gradually begun reopening as of May 20. Teaching continues through online distance learning platforms. The government has banned gatherings of more than 10 people (inside as well as outside), except in work places. Only food stores, pharmacies and stores allowing sufficient physical distance are allowed to remain open. All restaurants, bars and cultural premises as well personal services not allowing sufficient physical distance (e.g. hairdressers) are required to close; (ii) The authorities announced careful and gradual lift of some containment measures such as the opening of daycares, kindergartens and schools (up to 5th grade) by April 15 while others remain in place till May (e.g. no events with more than 10 people, closure of borders) and August (e.g. large gatherings). The gradual opening of the economy was extended to include additional health care sectors and liberal professions. The authorities adjusted the criteria for COVID-19 testing to enable a comprehensive testing of the population as part of the reopening strategy. As of October 8, all current restrictions will be in place until October 31. As of October 26, Denmark has reduced the maximum number of people who are allowed to gather in public from 50 to 10, subject to exemptions for essential activities, etc. This measure will be initially effective for 4 weeks.

European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 10,203,500,000 11,287,057,522
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 5,084,500,000 5,624,446,903 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1416 (accessed 1 August 2020); EC. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/09/11/addressing-covid-19-council-approves-6-2-billion-budget-increase-for-2020/ (accessed 12 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1671 (accessed 21 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1680 (accessed 21 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1829 (accessed 10 October 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-271-covid-19-eib-provides-eur50-million-to-navarre-to-strengthen-its-health-response-to-covid-19 (accessed 15 October 2020).

(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion) from the EU budget. September 11, the EC agreed to add EUR6.2 billion to the EU 2020 budget to address the impact of the COVID-19-crisis and to fund inter alia the vaccine strategy. The revised budget increases payments for the Emergency Support Instrument (ESI) by EUR1.09 billion to ensure the development and deployment of a COVID-19 vaccine. The European Commission will use this money as a down-payment for pre-ordering vaccine doses. September 18, EU allocates EUR150 million for the transport of essential medical items through the ESI and entered into a contract with Sanofi-GSK to purchase up to 300 million doses of the Sanofi-GSK vaccine. ; (iv) EUR63 million, European Commission secures EU access to Remdesivir (first European treatment authorised for COVID-19); (v) No amount/estimate: October 8, the EC approved a third contract with a pharmaceutical company, Janssen Pharmaceutica NV, one of the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson. Once the vaccine has proven to be safe and effective against COVID-19, the contract allows EU Member States to purchase vaccines for 200 million people. They will also have the possibility to purchase vaccines for an additional 200 million people ; (vi) October 13, EIB is providing EUR50 million to the Autonomous Community of Navarre, Spain to strengthen its capacity to respond to the COVID-19 health crisis. The EU bank financing will enable the Spanish region to adapt its healthcare infrastructure to meet the additional costs generated by the pandemic .

European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 5,119,000,000 5,662,610,619 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 May 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_997 (accessed 12 June 2020). EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1221 (accessed 9 July 2020); ESF. https://esf.ie/en/covid-19/react-eu/ (accessed 5 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1496 (accessed 5 September 2020); UK Government. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/emergency-support-instrument-update (accessed 24 September 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) No amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules. On May 8, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework to recapitalization and subordinated debt measures to further support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. The amended Temporary Framework will be in place until the end of December 2020, except for recapitalization measures which has an extended period by the end of June 2021. The Commission will assess before these dates if they need to be extended. June 19, third amendment to the State aid extends Temporary Framework to enable Member States to provide public support under the Temporary Framework to all micro and small companies, even if they were already in financial difficulty on 31 December 2019; (iii) June 8, European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot fund issued grants of EUR140 million to innovative companies; (iv) June, EUR4.8 billion (in grants from the amended 2020 annual EU budget) for REACT-EU that will provide additional funding for the most important sectors that will be crucial to lay the basis for a sound recovery. This will involve investment to support job maintenance, including through short-time work schemes and support for the self-employed. The funds can also be used to support job creation and youth employment measures, to health care systems and the provision of working capital and investment support for small and medium-sized enterprises. Such support will be available across economic sectors, including for the much-affected tourism and culture sectors. The additional support will also serve to invest in the European Green Deal and digital transition, as an enhancement to the significant investment in those areas that is already taking place through EU cohesion policy.

European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions .

Finland 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 27,930,900,000 30,897,013,274
Finland 05A 05A - Health support EUR 1,005,000,000 1,111,725,664 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 April 2020).

March 20, (i) EUR1 billion for healthcare and testing, protection and medical equipment, public safety and border controls, and research on the coronavirus epidemic, in particular to develop methods for rapid diagnostics and vaccines and a knowledge base for timely decision-making on coronavirus measures, (especially on the exit strategy; (ii) EUR5 million contribution to international non-profit companies working on the development of a COVID-19 vaccine.