Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Brunei Darussalam 05 05 - Health and income support BND IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 April 2020).

(i) All bank fees and charges (except third party charges) that are related to trade and payments of transactions in affected sectors mentioned in Measure 3 will be waived for a period of six months; and (ii) No amount/estimate: Effective April 1 for six months, an interim fiscal package has been deployed to support SMEs and self-employed groups in sectors such as tourism, hospitality, transport and restaurants. The fiscal measures include amongst others, the deferment of payments on Employees Trust Fund (TAP) and Supplementary Contributory Pension (SCP) contributions, discounts on corporate income taxes, rents and utilities.

Brunei Darussalam 05A 05A - Health support BND
Brunei Darussalam 05B 05B - Income support BND
Brunei Darussalam 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BND IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020, 14 May 2020).

(i) The government is actively responding to the risks of the pandemic from spreading further by implementing a range of measures, including strict inbound and outbound travel restrictions and banning all mass gatherings, including weddings and sporting events; and (ii) The Ministry of Health (MOH) is also stepping up efforts to track close contacts of positive cases; (vi) MOH actively rolling out a contact tracing app (“BruHealth”) for residents to download before they are given the green light to visit public places.

Cambodia 05 05 - Health and income support KHR 648,923,636,363 160,000,000
Cambodia 05A 05A - Health support KHR 243,346,363,636 60,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

April, Additional fiscal resources to the health sector of around USD60 million (around 0.2% of GDP) are expected.

Cambodia 05B 05B - Income support KHR 405,577,272,727 100,000,000 RGC. http://auschamcambodia.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/fourth-round-of-stimulus-measures.pdf (accessed 11 June 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: April, Support to tourism sector including (a) exemption from all monthly taxes for two months (June to July 2020) for hotels, guesthouses, restaurants and travel agencies registered with the General Department of Taxation, and whose business activities are operated in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Preah Sihanouk, Kep, Kampot, Bavet city, and Poipet city; (b) non-payment of the National Social Security Fund (NSSF) during the business suspension; (c) exemption from the renewal fees for tourism licenses of all types for 2021 (See Measure 10: No breakdown); (ii) No amount/estimate: April, Exemption of all airlines registered in Cambodia from minimum tax for two more months from June to July 2020 (See Measure 10: No breakdown); (iii) No amount/estimate: May 26, Loosen the application of withholding tax for local and overseas lenders by about 5% to 10% [update]; (iv) May 26, Extend the coverage and amount of the budget for the “cash for work program” in 2020 to USD100 million to absorb the labor force who have lost employment from the factories/enterprises and returned home from the foreign countries, to support the local people’s living standards, and to bring about socioeconomic achievements through the construction of small local physical infrastructures to enhance the agricultural and economic sectors [update]; (v) No amount/estimate: June, The Royal Government will introduce in June 2020 a social protection program during the COVID-19 crisis to support the daily livelihoods of poor and vulnerable families across the country holding Equity Cards, with attention to children below 5 years old, people with disabilities, old people aged 60 and over, and the people living with HIV in those poor families [update].

Cambodia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures KHR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

April: (i) The government has announced foreigners wishing to travel to Cambodia the need to obtain a visa at a Cambodian diplomatic mission abroad, a health certificate before departure, and sufficient travel insurance; (ii) Quarantine and self-isolation measures; (iii) Schools and casinos are closed and the government has banned public events with more than 50 participants; (iv) The Khmer New Year break has been cancelled; (v) May 20, The authorities have lifted the entry ban on citizens from Iran, Italy, Germany, Spain, France and the US.

European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 216,199,000,000 239,158,185,841
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 3,880,000,000 4,292,035,398 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion) from the EU budget.

European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 212,319,000,000 234,866,150,442 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 May 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_997 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commision to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR 25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. On May 20, a Regulation establishing SURE entered into force. Countries will be able to use loans also in support of some health-related measures, esp. in the workplace. SURE will become available once all Member States have provided the required guarantees proportionally to gross national income, and will remain available until end-2022 (with the possibility to adjust this deadline) ; (iii) no amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules. On May 8, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework to recapitalization and subordinated debt measures to further support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. The amended Temporary Framework will be in place until the end of December 2020, except for recapitalization measures which has an extended period by the end of June 2021. The Commission will assess before these dates if they need to be extended; (iv) March, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps; (v) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competences for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings; (vi) June 8, European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot fund issued grants of EUR140 million to innovative companies [update]; (vii) Proposed modifications to its 2020 budget to make EUR 11.5 billion available for the hardest hit regions, and to support businesses, including those outside of EU borders. These modifications are stopgap measures to provide support while waiting for the European Commission to ratify a budget containing the "Next Generation EU" recovery instrument [update].

European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions .

Indonesia 05 05 - Health and income support IDR 560,400,000,000,000 36,881,587,271 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 May 2020). MOF (as of June 4).

In addition to the first two fiscal packages amounting to IDR33.2 trillion (0.2% of GDP), the government announced a major stimulus package of IDR405 trillion (2.6% of GDP) on March 31, 2020, including IDR255 trillion (1.6% of GDP) in additional spending and tax reliefs, which was further expanded to IDR641 trillion (3.9% of GDP) on May 19. As of June 4, the government's fiscal package amounted to IDR677.2 trillion according to the Ministry of Finance. [update] The stimulus packages comprise (i) support to the health care sector to boost testing and treatment capability for COVID-19 cases, (ii) increased benefits and broader coverage of existing social assistance schemes to low-income households such as food aid, conditional cash transfers, and electricity subsidy, (iii) expanded unemployment benefits, including for workers in the informal sector, (iv) tax reliefs, including for the tourism sector and individuals (with an income ceiling), and (v) permanent reductions of the corporate income tax rate from 25% to 22% in 2020−21 and 20% starting in 2022.

Indonesia 05A 05A - Health support IDR OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 5 May 2020). WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 21 May 2020).

(i) March 13, The second fiscal package includes incentives for medical staff dealing with COVID-19 (IDR 15 million to medical specialists, IDR 10 million to physicians and dentists, IDR 7.5 million to nurses and IDR 5 million to other medical staff members; IDR 300 million in case of death of a medical worker) for a budget of IDR 6.1 trillion; (ii) March 31, Under the third fiscal package, authorities announced an additional IDR75 trillion for healthcare; (iii) May 13, See (ii) under Measure 5B.

Indonesia 05B 05B - Income support IDR OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 5 May 2020). WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 21 May 2020). MOF. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/bumn-juga-masuk-program-pemulihan-ekonomi-nasional/ (accessed 22 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) The government announced plans to reduce the number of restricted import goods by up to 50 percent on steel producers, and their derivatives, strategic food products (manufacturing industry inputs); horticultural commodities; animals & animal products; medicine, medicinal ingredients food. (ii) May 13, Postponing the payment of excise duties on imports of certain goods and temporary elimination of import tariffs, VAT and income taxes on certain medical and pharmaceutical products used in the treatment of COVID-19. (iii) May 19, The Ministry of Finance will provide subsidies, compensation, State Capital Inclusion, and bailout fund to maintain the sustainability of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) under the expanded fiscal package announced in May 19 in Measure 5. Total government support to SOEs is IDR104.38 trillion for Above The Line funds and IDR44.92 trillion for Below The Line funds.

Indonesia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures IDR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020). OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 5 May 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-indonesia-haj/indonesia-cancels-haj-pilgrimage-over-coronavirus-concerns-idUSKBN2390QO?il=0 (accessed 2 June 2020). The Straits Times. https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/covid-19-jakarta-eases-restrictions-in-transition-phase-strict-health-protocols-remain (accessed 4 June 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-indonesia-flights/indonesia-resumes-domestic-air-travel-coronavirus-cases-jump-idUSKBN23G147?il=0 (accessed 9 June 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Terkini-Perekonomian-dan-Langkah-BI-dalam-Hadapi-COVID-19-5-Juni-2020.aspx (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) The government has adopted various containment measures, including temporary bans on domestic and international air and sea travel, screening at ports of entry, school closures, other restrictions on public events, and obligations on masks and reduced transportation. The government has also banned Indonesia’s traditional annual exodus for Muslim holidays in an effort to curb the spread of the virus from Jakarta and other high-risk regions. (ii)) June 2, The government canceled the haj pilgrimage to Mecca due to COVID-19. [update]. (iii) June 4, The government an easing of restrictions in Jakarta by gradually allowing workplaces, places of worship, shopping centres and recreational venues with strict health guidelines such as a 50% capacity limit and ensuring physical distancing. [update] (iv) June 9, Domestic flights resumed at 70% capacity with observance of strict health protocols.

Lao PDR 05 05 - Health and income support LAK 70,000,000,000 7,869,126
Lao PDR 05A 05A - Health support LAK 30,000,000,000 3,372,483 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020, 1 May 2020).

April, LAK10 billion has been allocated for prevention and control. May, The amount allocated increased to LAK30 billion.

Lao PDR 05B 05B - Income support LAK 40,000,000,000 4,496,644 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: April, Recent mitigation policies include (i) income tax exemption for both civil servants and employees of the private sector with income less than LAK5 million per month for 3 months, (ii) profit tax exemption for microenterprises with annual income between LAK50–LAK400 million for 3 months, (iii) duty fee exemption for imports of goods to be used toward the outbreak, (iv) deferring tax collection from tourism-related businesses for 3 months, (v) postponing mandatory contribution to social security by affected businesses for 3 months, and (vi) extending the submission of the 2019 financial report (annual tax filing) by 1 month and road tax payment by 3 months; and (vii) May, The government has agreed with an allowance of LAK500,000 per worker who currently participates in the Social Security Scheme. Of the 170,000 members, close to 80,000 will benefit from this scheme through June (Note that the estimated amount is LAK40 billion).

Lao PDR 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures LAK IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020, 14 May 2020, 26 May 2020).

(i) April: (a) Border checkpoints, schools, and entertainment venues remain closed; (b) Price control of essential goods is still in place; and (c) The Taskforce Committee for COVID-19 Epidemic Prevention, Control and Response is monitoring latest developments and coordinates the authorities’ response. A separate Taskforce Committee and its seven working groups are in place to address the economic impact of the crisis; (ii) May 4: (a) A nationwide lockdown has been partially lifted. The new loosened measures allow the reopening of public offices and some private sector businesses and is expected to last until May 17; (b) Restaurants, hotels, resorts, guesthouses, coffee shops, barbershops, beauty salons as well as wholesale and retail outlets can resume their businesses, however, large-scale manufacturing plants and investment projects with large number of employees must abide by strict preventative measures introduced by the National Taskforce; and (c) Travel and public transport within each province are now permitted but inter-provincial travel and public transport including air transport and large gatherings are still suspended and banned; (iii) May 18: (a) The new loosened measures allow public offices and businesses to resume and are expected to last until June 1; (b) Restaurants, food vendors, retail and wholesale outlets, fresh markets, supermarkets, personal care services as well as development projects, companies and factories are also permitted to resume operations, but must abide by strict preventative measures introduced by the National Taskforce; (c) In country travel and public transport are now permitted; (d) Some classes at primary, lower and upper secondary schools can resume on May 18 while all others are slated to open on June 2; (e) All indoor and outdoor sporting activities are now permitted; (f) Border checkpoints, night markets, and entertainment venues remain closed; (g) Price control of essential goods is still in place; (iv) June 10, the government announced that the last patient has fully recovered and discharged from hospital. Consequently: (a) Most businesses can resume activities, but night markets, eatery spots, cinemas, casinos must abide by strict preventative measures and practice social distancing; (b) In-country travel and public transport are fully operational; (c) All schools have resumed but must ensure hygiene and distancing practices; (d) All indoor and outdoor sporting activities are now permitted and audiences are allowed, however, entertainment venues remain closed; (e) With the exception of certain checkpoints allowed by the government, border checkpoints for individuals and transportation of goods, will remain closed as will all international borders. However, foreign businessmen, investors, workers for large investment projects as well as diplomats and foreign experts with proper medical certification and authorization can enter the country but have to be quarantined for 14 days; (f) Large gatherings, including for traditional ceremonies and celebrations are now allowed; and (g) Price control of essential goods is still in place [update].

Malaysia 05 05 - Health and income support MYR 94,003,100,000 21,882,559,709
Malaysia 05A 05A - Health support MYR 2,150,000,000 500,488,850 Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Booklet-PRIHATIN-EN.pdf (accessed 19 April 2020); World Trade Organization (WTO). https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 19 April 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://penjana.treasury.gov.my/pdf/PENJANA-Booklet-En-v3.pdf (accessed 26 June 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: March 23, Temporary elimination of import tariffs on face masks; (ii) March 27, in PRIHATIN: (a) To curb the spread of COVID-19 outbreak, the Government announced an allocation of MYR500 million to the Ministry of Health (MOH). This allocation is to purchase medical apparatus such as ventilators and ICU equipment, personal protective equipment (PPE) for public medical personnel as well as laboratory requirements for testing COVID-19; and (b) The Government is also allocating an additional MYR1 billion to purchase equipment and services, which include obtaining medical expertise from private healthcare service providers to contain the outbreak; (iii) No amount/estimate: March 30, Temporary elimination of import tariffs on raw materials, undenatured ethyl alcohol and denatured ethyl alcohol used for the production of hand sanitizers. Imports also exempted from sales taxes and excise duties; (iv) June 5 in Short-term National Economic Recovery Plan or PENJANA: (a) The government will double the existing allocation for the PEKA B40 Programme to a total of MYR100 million (amount is MYR50 million only) in order to fund health screening, medical device assistance, cancer treatment incentives, and subsidy for transportation for health for the B40 group; and (b) Tax relief for COVID-19 related expenses, amounting to MYR600 million, to encourage businesses to adapt to new norms and adhere to SOPs: extend the period and expand the scope of expenses allowed as tax deduction or capital allowance for COVID-19’s prevention, including COVID-19 testing and purchase of PPE and thermal scanners.

Malaysia 05B 05B - Income support MYR 91,853,100,000 21,382,070,860 Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/2020/03/speech-text-prihatin-esp/ (accessed 19 April 2020); Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/2020/04/langkah-tambahan-bagi-pakej-rangsangan-ekonomi-prihatin-rakyat-prihatin/ (accessed 19 April 2020); Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Booklet-PRIHATIN-EN.pdf (accessed 19 April 2020); ASEAN Briefing. https://www.aseanbriefing.com/news/malaysia-provides-funding-smes/ (accessed 19 April 2020); Zico Law. https://www.zicolaw.com/resources/alerts/covid-19-update-extension-of-mco-and-economic-stimulus-packages/ (accessed 19 April 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://penjana.treasury.gov.my/pdf/PENJANA-Booklet-En-v3.pdf (accessed 26 June 2020).

(i) March 27 in PRIHATIN: (a) The Government will provide a one-off cash assistance, Bantuan Prihatin Nasional (BPN) with an allocation of MYR10 billion. Among the beneficiaries include employees in the private sector, FELDA settlers, farmers, fishermen and small traders; (b) The remaining cash transfers under the Bantuan Sara Hidup (BSH) program totaling MYR3.2 billion will be paid out in July 2020; (c) The support totaling MYR270 million is targeted for students at various levels of tertiary education; (d) The Government will work together with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and relevant social entrepreneurs to provide food assistance, healthcare and shelters to the vulnerable groups such as senior citizens and children in shelters, the disabled, homeless and orang asal with a total allocation of MYR25 million; (e) The Government rental exemption for the Projek Perumahan Rakyat (PPR) with a cost of MYR3 million borne by the Government; (f) For the rent-to-own (RTO) units, a six-month moratorium is provided effective April until September 2020, involving 4,649 RTO units at MYR5.7 million; (g) No amount/estimate: As for Public Housing, the Kuala Lumpur City Hall will provide similar exemption which will benefit more than 40,000 tenants; (h) No amount/estimate: The Government has also approved a 6-month lease exemption on all premises owned by the Federal Government; (i) The Government with Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) will increase the allocation of discount on electricity bill to MYR530 million, with the introduction of a tiered-discount system for households; (j) The Government will provide a one-off cash assistance of MYR500 to more than 1.5 million civil servants of grade 56 and below, including contract workers [The estimated amount is MYR750 million]; (k) More than 850,000 Government pensioners will be given a one-off assistance of MYR500 in April 2020 [The estimated amount is MYR425 million]; (l) The Government will allocate MYR1 billion for Food Security Fund; (m) The Government provides MYR100 million for the development of infrastructure for food storage and distribution as well as crop integration program and also allocates MYR64.4 million to viable Pertubuhan Peladang Kawasan and Pertubuhan Nelayan Kawasan. This is to develop agro-food projects that are capable of generating income within three to six months; (n) The Government will introduce Wage Subsidy Program to assist employers in retaining their workers with an allocation of MYR5.9 billion; (o) The Government will provide a one-off cash assistance of MYR500 to 120,000 e-hailing drivers with a total allocation of MYR60 million; (p) The Government has agreed to pay salaries to the workers of service contractors despite their absence during the MCO amounting to MYR110 million; (q) The Employees Provident Fund (EPF) includes options for deferring payments, restructuring and rescheduling of employers' contributions. The measure is expected to provide cashflow to employers which is estimated at MYR10 billion; (r) Exempt payment for Human Resources Development Fund (HRDF) levy across all sectors for six months beginning April 2020. This measure is expected to assist companies’ cashflow with a total savings of MYR440 million; (s) No amount/estimate: The Government, allows the postponement of income tax instalment payments to all SMEs for three months beginning April 1; (t) The Government has identified several small projects such as improving roads, upgrading dilapidated schools in Sabah and Sarawak, cleaning houses of worship and police stations as well as upgrading tourism facilities with an allocation of MYR2 billion; (u) The Government will provide a direct fiscal injection of MYR25 billion to ease the burden of rakyat and businesses; (v) The Government in collaboration with telecommunication companies will provide free internet services to all customers during MCO period starting April, amounting to MYR600 million; (ii) April 6 in PRIHATIN PLUS, The Malaysian government issued extra funding worth MYR10 billion intended to help SMEs manage their cashflow and to retain employees: (a) The wage subsidy program announced on March 27 will be expanded from MYR5.9 billion to MYR13.8 billion, an increase of MYR7.9 billion; and (b) Special PRIHATIN Grant (GKP) amounting to MYR2.1 billion will be established for eligible micro enterprises. A grant of MYR3,000 will be provided to each company, benefitting almost 700,000 micro enterprises; (iii) June 5, in Short-term National Economic Recovery Plan or PENJANA: (a) The wage subsidy program, amounting to MYR5.3 billion, will be extended for a further 3 months with a subsidy of MYR600 per employee for all eligible employers; (b) No amount/estimate: The National Employment Services under PERKESO will be upgraded by enhancing the job portal and employment placement services and collaborating with the private job sites for employment matching; (c) The Government will introduce incentives, amounting to MYR1.5 billion, to encourage the hiring of the unemployed; (d) A MYR2 billion fund will be dedicated to reskilling and upskilling programs for Youth and Unemployed Workers; (e) The Government will facilitate policies to support the growth of the gig economy and the welfare of gig economy workers. This amounts to MYR75 million; (f) The Government allotted MYR800 million to support employers and employees as work-from-home arrangement is encouraged; (g) To ease the transition to the new normal of working-from-home, the Government will support working parents through the subsidy of child care expenses. There will also be incentives to encourage child care centers to comply with the new normal and to incentivize certification of early education practitioners. These measures amount to MYR200 million; (h) Under Public Transport Subsidy amounting to MYR200 million, the Government will introduce an unlimited monthly travel pass costing MYR30 for use on all rail services (MRT, LRT, Monorail), BRT, RapidKL buses and MRT feeder buses; (i) Social assistance support, amounting to MYR108 million, will be provided to identified vulnerable groups: (1) Persons with disabilities (OKU): 185,713 recipients costing MYR55.7 million, (2) Home Help Services: 1,815 recipients costing MYR544,500, and (3) Registered single mothers: 1,350 recipients costing MYR405,000; (j) To enable the transition to the new normal of remote learning and work, MYR3 billion support will be provided to increase internet connectivity for education, productivity (video conference applications) and news; (k) Eligible microenterprises and SMEs will be onboarded to shift towards business digitalization through a co-funded program with MDEC and e-commerce platforms. This Micros and SMEs e-commerce campaign amounts to MYR70 million; (l) The Government will collaborate with e-commerce platforms to co-fund digital discount vouchers, amounting to MYR70 million. This is done to encourage spending on products from local retailers; (m) The Government will continue to provide grants to eligible enterprises for adoption or subscription of digitalization services under the SME Digitalization Matching Grant totaling MYR100 million, in partnership with telecommunication companies and the Smart Automation Grant totaling MYR100 million, capped at up to MYR1 million per company; (n) An online one-stop business advisory platform for the microenterprises and SMEs, amounting to MYR5 million, will be set up to enhance the outreach of the existing physical SME Hub; (o) MYR2.4 billion is allocated to ease financial stress on businesses through remissions of penalties related to late tax payments; (p) To encourage and sustain the role of social enterprise in promoting responsible business, the Government will provide a matching grant through Malaysian Global Innovation & Creativity Centre (MaGIC) totaling MYR10 million to social enterprises who are able to crowdsource contributions and donations to undertake social projects that will address the challenges faced by targeted communities through innovative ways; (q) To catalyze establishment of new businesses, financial relief, amounting to MYR300 million, will be provided in the form of income tax rebate for newly established SME and stamp duty exemption for SMEs on any instruments executed for Mergers and Acquisition; (r) National Technology and Innovation Sandbox, amounting to MYR100 million, will be developed to pilot new technology solutions and provide relaxation of regulations to text new technology solutions (e.g. drone delivery, autonomous vehicles); (s) Accelerate the digitalization of government services, amounting to MYR20 million, to reduce face-to-face transactions; (t) National “Buy Malaysia” Campaign, amounting to MYR20 million, to encourage the consumption of Malaysia-made products and services; (u) ePENJANA credits in e-wallet, amounting to MYR750 million, to encourage contact-free payment and to boost consumer spending; (v) Incentives for Property Sector, amounting to MYR1 billion, to stimulate the property market and provide financial relief to home buyers; (w) Tax incentives for purchase of passenger cars, amounting to MYR897 million; (x) An allocation of MYR20 million to encourage transition away from the traditional working hours concept of 9 AM to 5 PM towards extended working hours on shifts-basis; (y) An allocation of MYR50 million to attract foreign companies to relocate their business into Malaysia by addressing the risk of re-shoring; (z) Tax incentives for the tourism sector amounting to MYR1.8 billion; (aa) Dedicated funding and support for the arts, culture, entertainment, events and exhibitions sector amounting to MYR225 million; (ab) Part of the Agriculture and Food Sector Support amounting to MYR50 million is allocated to agro-food workforce mobility via incentives for pioneer companies to train and educate workforce to explore opportunities in agriculture and plantations and in-kind benefits for Urban Farming (e.g. Fertilizers, Seeds, Infrastructure, Equipment, Advisory and Training) worth MYR500 per person and MYR50,000 per community; (ac) Support the commodity sector through 100% export duty exemption from 1 July 2020 to 31 December 2020. This amounts to MYR200 million [update].

Malaysia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures MYR WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020, 3 May 2020); Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/2020/06/key-initiatives-of-pm-muhyiddin-in-100-days/ (accessed 9 June 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: March 20, Temporary export ban on face masks; (ii) A Movement Control Order (MCO) was put in place on March 18-31 and subsequently extended until April 14: borders are closed; schools, universities and non-essential businesses are closed; all public gatherings are banned; and May 10, MCO has become conditional movement control order (CMCO). It will be extended until June 9; (iii) May 4, The authorities started easing the MCO by allowing most businesses to reopen. However, 7 states out of 14 have opted for a more delayed approach; (iv) June 7, The implementation of the Recovery Movement Control Order (RMCO) from June 10 to Aug 31 was announced [update].

Myanmar 05 05 - Health and income support MMK 38,300,000,000 27,318,117
Myanmar 05A 05A - Health support MMK 300,000,000 213,980 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 5 June 2020); KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/myanmar-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed on 28 May 2020).

(i) April, The allotment of MMK300 million (USD0.2 million) to the Ministry of Health and Sports for additional health-related expenditures; (ii) No amount/estimate: April, Waiver of the “specific goods tax,” customs duties, and commercial tax on “critical” medical supplies and products related to the prevention, control, and treatment of COVID-19.

Myanmar 05B 05B - Income support MMK 38,000,000,000 27,104,137 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 5 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) April, Income and commercial tax payments due in the second and third quarters of the fiscal year have been made extendable to the end of the fiscal year, and an exemption for the 2% advance income tax on exports to the end of the fiscal year has been announced; (ii) Households without a regular income will be provided for with food during the upcoming long holidays; and electric bills, for up to 150 units, are exempt for most until the end of April; (iii) The Ministry of Hotels and Tourism announced that fee for renewal license of hotels and tourism businesses will be exempted for one year up to the end of March 2021; (iv) Starting April 20, the customs department has reduced duties for businesses operating with the Myanmar Automated Cargo Clearance System; (v) April, The Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population will provide 40% of the social security fees for about 1.3 million insured workers from factories and workshops that are temporarily suspended for health inspections ; (vi) April, The National Food Reserve has been allocated MMK38 billion.

Myanmar 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures MMK IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 5 June 2020).

(i) In response, the government has announced measures to limit the spread of the virus including travel restrictions (including quarantine requirements, suspension of visa issuances and international flights), closure of several land borders, and banning mass public gatherings are in place; (ii) Yangon and Mandalay will be under lockdown during the long holidays (April 10–19); (iii) Government employees have been instructed not to travel home and will be compensated for this period; (iv) A National Central Committee on Prevention, Control and Treatment of 2019 Novel Coronavirus has been established to coordinate the authorities’ response. A second committee, the Control and Emergency Response Committee on COVID-19, was setup on March 30 to help with stricter administrative measures to control the spread of the virus, including quarantine migrant workers coming from neighboring countries.

Philippines 05 05 - Health and income support PHP 523,046,000,000 10,275,226,114
Philippines 05A 05A - Health support PHP 58,600,000,000 1,151,195,593 Department of Finance. WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 21 May 2020). DOF. https://www.dof.gov.ph/report-on-covid-19-socioeconomic-response/(accessed 21 May 2020).

(i) PHP2.9 billion purchase of medical equipment and supplies; (ii) PHP1.8 billion for 1 million personal protective equipment (PPE) sets procured by the Department of Health; (iii) PHP22.1856 billion PhilHealth medical expenses coverage for COVID-19 patients and assistance to health workers, which includes PhilHealth medical coverage, compensation for severe infection, and death benefit; (iv) PHP420.6 million for COVID-19 medical coverage; (iv) Allocation of PHP53.2 million by the Department of Science and Technology for production of test kits developed by the University of the Philippines - National Institute of Health; (vi) PHP2.7015 expedited clearance and tax and duty-exempt importations of PPE and medical goods; (vii) PHP 511.8 million compensation for private facilities used for the purpose of fighting COVID-19; (viii) Healthcare equipment and supplies exempted from import duties, taxes and other fees; (ix) Tax exemptions for donations of cash, critical healthcare equipment, relief goods, and the use of property for fighting COVID-19. (x) May 5, Temporary elimination of tariffs and other taxes and fees on qualified manufacturers and suppliers of medicines, medical equipment and devices, or articles needed in the supply chain, among others; (xi) May 19, The Department of Finance announced that a total of PHP58.6 billion have been marshalled to support frontline workers and increase health system capacity.

Philippines 05B 05B - Income support PHP 464,446,000,000 9,124,030,520 Department of Finance

(i) PHP205 billion emergency subsidy program for 18 million low-income families in the informal sector; (ii) PHP51 billion wage subsidy for employees of small businesses that closed during the enhanced community quarantine; (iii) PHP30 billion additional assistance to local governments to support vulnerable sectors; (iv) PHP16.5 billion for rice programs of the Department of Agriculture (DA) and Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) to boost the buffer stock; (v) PHP1.5 billion Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) assistance for Overseas Filipino Workers; (vi) PHP2 billion DOLE cash assistance program for displaced workers; (vii) PHP1.2 billion Social Security System assistance to cover unemployment benefits; (viii) PHP3 billion for Technical Education and Skills Development Authority online programs to upskill workers; (ix) PHP470 million deferment of filing, payment of taxes, and temporary exemptions; (x) PHP139.596 billion net operating loss carryover (NOLCO) of five years to help business cope with losses; (xi) PHP180 million emergency employment program by the DOLE for informal sector workers; (xii) PHP14 billion from the Tourism Infrastructure and Enterprise Zone Authority to support the tourism industry.

Philippines 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures PHP IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 19 April 2020). The Diplomat. https://thediplomat.com/2020/05/philippines-will-gradually-ease-lockdowns-as-testing-relief-payments-remain-stalled/ (accessed 13 May 2020). BusinessWorld. https://www.bworldonline.com/lockdown-in-metro-manila-to-ease-on-june-1/ (accessed 29 May 2020).

(i) The government has put the Luzon island, including Metro Manila, under an “enhanced community quarantine” starting March 12; (ii) Suspension of flights from high-risk economies; (iii) School closures starting March 12; (iv) Restrictions on mass gatherings; (v) May 12, The government announced an easing in quarantine measures in many areas of the country after May 15 but will extend lockdowns in certain areas in the National Capital Region, Cebu City, and Laguna province. (vi) May 28, The Government announced the easing of lockdown measures in the National Capital Region and remaining areas under enhanced community quarantine by June 1. (vii) June 3, Domesic flights for essential travel resumed. [update]

Singapore 05 05 - Health and income support SGD 40,031,000,000 28,260,501,235
Singapore 05A 05A - Health support SGD 800,000,000 564,772,326 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 16 April 2020). WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 21 May 2020).

(i) Part of the Care and Support package in includes funds to contain the outbreak of around SGD800 million, mainly to the Ministry of Health. On April 16, import tariffs and all other duties and charges were waived on essential goods including medical, hygiene, pharmaceutical and agricultural products.

Singapore 05B 05B - Income support SGD 39,231,000,000 27,695,728,909 SingaporeBudget.gov. https://www.singaporebudget.gov.sg/budget_2020/budget-measures/budget-summary (accessed 30 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 30 May 2020). MAS. https://www.mas.gov.sg/news/media-releases/2020/new-grant-scheme-to-support-singapore-fintech-firms (accessed 17 May 2020).

(i) The government has allocated SGD59.9 billion (12% of GDP) for various COVID-19 related measures under the 2020 budget announced on February 18, as well as supplementary budgets on March 26, and April 6, including: (a) The Care and Support Package to support households, including cash payouts, grants, and vouchers to all Singaporeans, and additional payments for lower-income individuals and the unemployed; and (b) The Stabilization and Support Package to support businesses, including wage subsidies, enhanced financing schemes, additional support for industries directly affected and for the self-employed, and introduces other economic resilience measures. (ii) No amount/estimate: March 26, Transitory tax deferrals and rebates. (iii) April 8, The MAS announced a SGD125 million support package to sustain and strengthen capabilities in the financial services and FinTech sectors. The support package, funded by the Financial Sector Development Fund, has three main components: (a) supporting workforce training and manpower costs, (b) strengthening digitalization and operational resilience, and (c) enhancing FinTech firms’ access to digital platforms and tools. (iv) May 13, SGD6 million grant by the MAS and AMTD Group and AMTD Foundation to support Singapore-based FinTech firms.

Singapore 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures SGD Source: IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 May 2020). FT. https://www.ft.com/content/5226602f-1239-4f0c-9298-2c3a1d552bc1 (accessed 12 May 2020). MAS. https://www.mas.gov.sg/news/media-releases/2020/safe-re-opening-of-more-customer-services-in-the-financial-sector (accessed 22 May 2020). Gov.sg. https://www.psd.gov.sg/press-room/press-releases/end-of-circuit-breaker--public-service-adopts-phased-approach-to-re-opening-physical-service-centres-and-public-facilities; https://www.mccy.gov.sg/about-us/news-and-resources/press-statements/2020/may/gradual-resumption-of-religious--activities (accessed 27 May 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-singapore-reopenin/schools-reopen-as-singapore-eases-lockdown-restrictions-idUSKBN2390G8?il=0 (accessed 2 June 2020).

(i) A full lockdown is in place until June 1 and safe distancing measures will also be enforced until June 1. (ii) May 12, Some business have been allowed to reopen with safety measures such as spacing out employees and avoiding staff gatherings; establishments and taxis are required to use a contact tracing app for employees and visitors/clients. (iii) May 19, The MAS announced that more financial institutions will be allowed to reopen more locations from June 2. (iv) May 19, The government announced its decision to exit the Circuit Breaker with gradual resumption of the Public Service at phyiscal touchpoints and facilities and phased resumption of religious activities from 2 June 2020. (v) June 2, Schools reopened as part part of gradual easing in lockdown restrictions. [update]

Thailand 05 05 - Health and income support THB 1,400,000,000,000 43,603,149,053 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 22 May 2020); ASEAN Briefing. https://www.aseanbriefing.com/news/thailand-issues-third-covid-19-stimulus-package/ (accessed 30 April 2020)

In response to COVID-19, the Cabinet has approved a fiscal package with phases I, II, and III amounting to at least 10% of GDP or THB1.9 trillion including (i) health-related spending; (ii) assistance for workers (includes 3 million workers outside the social security system), farmers, and entrepreneurs affected by COVID-19; (iii) support for individuals and businesses through soft loans from Specialized Financial Institution (SFI) and Social Security Office (See THB500 billion in Measure 2A), and tax relief; and (iv) lower water and electricity bills, and lower employees’ and employers’ social security contribution.

Thailand 05A 05A - Health support THB IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

See Measure 5