Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Arab Republic of Egypt 05 05 - Health and income support EGP 102,180,000,000 6,502,079,371 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

Multiple packages have been announced by the government to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19, totalling over EGP102 billion: (i) March 22, EGP100 billion (1.8% of GDP) or USD6.13 billion was announced as the total of stimulus policies to be enacted by the government to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19; (ii) March 24, EGP1 billion additional funding for health services; (iii) April 2, additional USD7.9 million disgnated for emergency respone activities related to the outbreak; (iv) EGP1 billion in arrears will be paid out to exporters. More data on the breakdown of these packages below.

Arab Republic of Egypt 05A 05A - Health support EGP OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) March 22, EGP8 billion has been allocated to support the healthcare sector, targeted at providing urgent and necessary medical supplies, and disbursing bonuses for medical staff working in quarantine hospitals and labs; (ii) March 22, To support medical professionals, including doctors working in university hospitals, a 75% allowance over the wages has been announced; (iii) March 24, EGP1 billion (USD63.5 million) additional funding was announced, specifically for health services and various measures to increase the country’s capacity to absorb the sudden increase of critical patients that the outbreak might bring; (iv) April 2, additional USD7.9 million designated for emergency response activities related to the COVID-19 outbreak.

Arab Republic of Egypt 05B 05B - Income support EGP World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: March 22, Pension benefits have been increased by 14%; (ii) No amount/estimate: March 22, Expansion of the targeted cash transfer social programs, Takaful and Karama, are also being extended to reach more families; (iii) No amount/estimate: March 22, A targeted support initiative for irregular workers in most severely hit sectors has been announced, which will entail EGP500 in monthly grants for 3 months; (iv) No amount/estimate: March 22, Energy costs have been lowered for the entire industrial sector; (v) No amount/estimate: March 22, Real estate tax relief has been provided for industrial and tourism sectors, (vi) No amount/estimate: March 22, Subsidy pay-out for exporters has been stepped up, and discount on fuel price has been announced for the aviation sector; (vii) March 22, EGP50 billion of the EGP100 billion stimulus has been announced for the tourism sector, which contributes close to 12% of Egypt’s GDP, 10% of employment, and almost 4% of GDP in terms of receipts, as of 2019; (viii) No amount/estimate: The moratorium on the tax law on agricultural land has been extended for 2 years; (ix) No amount/estimate: The stamp duty on transactions and tax on dividends have been reduced; (x) No amount/estimate: Capital gains tax has been postponed until further notice; (xii) No amount/estimate: ATM withdrawal fees have been cancelled; (xiii) EGP1 billion in arrears will be paid out by The Export Subsidy Fund in March and April 2020, plus 10% in cash payments to exporters in June 2020; (xiv) No amount/estimate: Three months extension for the payment of property taxes for companies in the industrial and tourism sector; (xv) No amount/estimate: Extension of the individuals’ annual tax return filing deadline to 16 April instead of 31 March, and exemption of the tax returns online filing subscription fee for the use of the Egyptian Tax Authority online filing portal; (xvi) EGP50 million allocated by the Ministry of Workforce for irregular workers, including women, who lost their job due to the coronavirus.

Arab Republic of Egypt 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EGP World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) March 20, The limit for electronic payments via mobile phones has been raised to EGP30,000/day and EGP100,000/month for individuals, and to EGP40,000/day and EGP200,000/per week for corporations; (ii) March 29, The central bank set a daily limit on all ATM disbursement per card to be EGP5,000, and limits to cash withdrawal and deposits at a bank branch to be EGP10,000 per individual, and EGP50,000 per corporate; (iii) The cost of transactions in the EGX will be reduced from 0.15% to 0.125% and from 0.15% to 0.05% for non-residents and Egyptian residents, respectively, and all spot transactions on EGX will be exempt from stamp duty; (iv) The National Bank of Egypt and Bank Misr announced a one-year deposit program with a 15% interest rate.

Argentina 05 05 - Health and income support ARS 135,021,000,000 2,151,729,084
Argentina 05A 05A - Health support ARS 6,000,000,000 95,617,530 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 5 May 2020).

(i) Established Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production for employers and workers affected by the health emergency; (ii) authorized ARS 6 billion to Argentine provinces to strengthen municipal health systems and finances; (iii) created an Emergency Family Income (IFE) to compensate the loss or serious decrease in the income of people linked to the informal sector; (iv) low-income monotributistas, and the workers and workers of private households affected by the health emergency; (v) implemented Universal Child Allowance (AUH) and Universal Pregnancy Allowance (AUE) payments, worth ARS3,103 per month for each child; (vi) increase in budget items for therapeutic communities, homes with coexistence and homes for care and community accompaniments; (vii) increased the monthly non-remunerative financial to temporary workers in the agricultural and agro-industrial sectors.

Argentina 05B 05B - Income support ARS 129,021,000,000 2,056,111,554 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 May 2020).

(i) Increased budget for public investment in road works, economic infrastructure, construction and renovation of houses, schools, kindergartens, and tourism by ARS100 billion; (ii) suspended fees and commissions for ATM operations (deposits, withdrawals, inquiries, etc.) through June 30, 2020; (iii) exempted the payment of employment contributions to sectors criticaly affected by the coronavirus pandemic; (iv) reinforced unemployment insurance; (v) ordered an extraordinary payment to the holders of the Food Card; (vi) May 1, established emergency economic assistance within the framework of the Self-Managed Work Program; (vii) May 1, declared that Emergency Family Income (IFE), Universal Child Allowance (AUH), and the Complementary Salary (SC) are not taxable as part of gross income; (viii) No amount/estimate: May 5, expanded the Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production to cover more companies and activities; (ix) No amount/estimate: May 6, increased the benefits and number of beneficiaries; (x) No amount/estimate: May 11, updated the amounts of economic aid provided under the Job Insertion Program; (xi) No amount/estimate: May 12, required Banks to refund fees associated with the National Social Security Administration (ANSES) and Emergency Family Income (IFE) benefit; (x) May 14, ARS29 billion federal program which includes the construction of 5,500 new homes, the financing of 42,900 parts that include gas, electricity and sanitary infrastructure works, the granting of microcredits for the acquisition of construction materials and the carrying out of small-scale works, as well as the conditioning of community spaces in popular neighborhoods. Estimated to generate 750 thousand direct and indirect jobs between 2020 and 2021; (xi) No amount/estimate: May 18, announced an increase of 6.12% for all retirees and pensioners according to the scale of the pyramid, which brings the minimum retirement to 16,864 pesos and the maximum credit to 113,479 pesos, also includes increases in non-contributory pensions, the Universal Child Allowance, the Universal Pregnancy Allowance and the Family Allowances; (xii) May 22, ARS21 million for the acquisition of 70,000 new computers, within the framework of the federal connectivity program "Juana Manso" that carries out the educational portfolio; (xiii) No amount/estimate: June 5, ordered payment of 3 thousand pesos for those under the Empower Work Program and did not receive IFE; (xiv) No amount/estimate: June 9, national government extended the right to double compensation for individuals who are dismissed from their jobs without just cause; (xv) No amount/estimate: June 9, exempted temporarily from payment of income tax for overtime, guards and additional personnel of Health, Armed, and Security Forces and other activities related to the health emergency. [update]

Argentina 11 11 - Other Economic Measures ARS Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 9 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 April 2020).

(i) Capital Flow Management Measures (CFMs) that were already in place since August 2019 have largely protected Argentina so far from the impact of capital outflows; (ii) Adopted anti-price gouging policies, including price controls for food and medical supplies and ringfencing of essential supplies, including certain export restrictions on medical supplies and equipment and centralization of the sale of essential medical supplies.; (iii) April 28, Ordered that the Common Investment Funds (FCI) in pesos must invest at least 75% of their assets in financial instruments and negotiable securities issued in the Argentine Republic; (iv) Extended deadline of filing financial statements for small and medium-sized corporations; (v) May 16, extended validity of Maximum Prices until June 20; (vi) May 18, suspended price increases mobile and fixed telephony, Internet and pay TV services until August 31; (v) May 19, set the domestic price of a barrel of oil at USD45 with the objective of reactivating the national hydrocarbon industry, guaranteeing the continuity of jobs and promoting self-sufficiency.

Brazil 05 05 - Health and income support BRL 175,285,040,000 35,895,393,872
Brazil 05A 05A - Health support BRL 28,788,040,000 5,895,300,788 OECD . Https://oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed May 28)

(i) An additional 0.4% of GDP have been assigned to the public healthcare system, in addition to transfers to state and municipal governments who bear the main responsibility for public healthcare; (ii) Taxes and import duties on goods used by hospitals have been zeroed and import procedures eased. (iii) Field hospitals are being built and efforts are underway to procure respirators and augment ICU capacity; (iv) The Health Ministry opened 5,800 vacancies for doctors; (v) Resident doctors will receive a 20% bonus, worth USD 130.

Brazil 05B 05B - Income support BRL 146,497,000,000 30,000,093,083 Institute of International Finance (IIF) https://www.iif.com/Portals/0/Files/Databases/COVID-19_responses.pdf?ver=2020-04-24-173749-083 (Accessed 29 April 2020).

(i) Announced a comprehensive fiscal package worth USD30 billion, that includes expansion and front-loading of social assistance/benefit payments; (ii) expanding the Bolsa Familia program with the inclusion of over 1 million more beneficiaries, cash transfers to informal and unemployed workers, and advance payments of salary bonuses to low income workers; (iii) USD1.5 billion to finance two months of payroll for firms impacted by COVID-19; (iv) Announced several measures, which include bringing forward the 13th pension payment to retirees, expanding the Bolsa Familia program, providing an emergency cash transfer to households; and (v) Introducing temporary tax breaks and credit lines through the state-owned banks, lowering taxes and import levies on essential medical supplies, and assisting state and local governments.

Brazil 11 11 - Other Economic Measures BRL IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19?fbclid=IwAR3QQSk6OmfE7YbISvq0_ut_FpTD_Bc00gRB-YJ_YA_VB-VlWiYD9PBO0Ro#B (Accessed 29 April 2020). AGB. https://agenciabrasil.ebc.com.br/en/economia/noticia/2020-05/pandemic-brought-down-76-brazils-industrial-sector (accessed 14 May 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-gdp-fall/brazil-4-7-gdp-this-year-would-be-biggest-fall-since-1900-economy-ministry-idUSKBN22P2J3 (accessed 14 May 2020).

(i) With congress declaring a state of “public calamity” on March 20, the government’s obligation to comply with the primary balance target in 2020 has been lifted. (ii) Proposed a bill creating a separate budget (“war-budget”) to expedite fiscal relief assistance and authorize the central bank to buy and sell government and corporate debt securities among other extraordinary measures. (iii) Pandemic leads 76% of Brazil’s industrial sector to cut production. (iv) Brazil’s government lowered its 2020 economic outlook on Wednesday, forecasting a gross domestic product contraction of 4.7%, which would signal the country’s biggest economic crash in more than a century.

European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Central Bank 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR
European Union 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 216,199,000,000 239,158,185,841
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 3,880,000,000 4,292,035,398 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion) from the EU budget.

European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 212,319,000,000 234,866,150,442 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 May 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_997 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commision to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR 25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. On May 20, a Regulation establishing SURE entered into force. Countries will be able to use loans also in support of some health-related measures, esp. in the workplace. SURE will become available once all Member States have provided the required guarantees proportionally to gross national income, and will remain available until end-2022 (with the possibility to adjust this deadline) ; (iii) no amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules. On May 8, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework to recapitalization and subordinated debt measures to further support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. The amended Temporary Framework will be in place until the end of December 2020, except for recapitalization measures which has an extended period by the end of June 2021. The Commission will assess before these dates if they need to be extended; (iv) March, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps; (v) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competences for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings; (vi) June 8, European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot fund issued grants of EUR140 million to innovative companies [update]; (vii) Proposed modifications to its 2020 budget to make EUR 11.5 billion available for the hardest hit regions, and to support businesses, including those outside of EU borders. These modifications are stopgap measures to provide support while waiting for the European Commission to ratify a budget containing the "Next Generation EU" recovery instrument [update].

European Union 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accesed 20 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 20 April 2020).

(i) March to April, ESMA, EU's securities and markets regulator, issued various statements to adjust compliance and reporting schedule, clarify accounting standard applications (e.g. IAS 8, IFRS 9, and IFRS 17), and ensure alignment of reporting requirements and supervisory practices in the EU; (ii) 26 April, Export restriction of critical COVID-related products [update as of 29 April].

Islamic Republic of Iran 05 05 - Health and income support IRR 2,206,300,570,560,000 52,530,965,966
Islamic Republic of Iran 05A 05A - Health support IRR 459,645,952,200,000 10,943,951,243 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

Additional funding to health sector at 2% of GDP.

Islamic Republic of Iran 05B 05B - Income support IRR 1,746,654,618,360,000 41,587,014,723 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) Moratorium on tax payments at 7% of GDP; (ii) cash transfer to vulnerable householders at 0.3% of GDP; (iii) support to unemployment insurance fund at 0.3% of GDP.

Islamic Republic of Iran 11 11 - Other Economic Measures IRR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 May 2020).

(i) Sukuk bonds and the National Development Fund used to partly fund recovery and relief measures; (ii) April 15, government announced its biggest-ever initial public offering, selling its residue shares in 18 companies (including 12 percent share of Social Welfare Fund (SHASTA), the largest public company); (iii) expanded contacless payments and increased the limits for bank transactions in order to reduce circulation of banknotes and exchange of debit cards; (iv) May 7, estimated privatization proceeds are at around IRR165 trillion (0.6% of GDP) from banks and insurance companies and IRR70 trillion (0.2% of GDP) from SHASTA.

Mexico 05 05 - Health and income support MXN 205,035,000,000 9,332,923,665
Mexico 05A 05A - Health support MXN 180,000,000,000 8,193,363,376 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed on 30 April 2020).

(i) Ensure that the Ministry of Health has sufficient resources and does not face red-tape, and sufficient supply of medical equipment and materials;(ii) Advance pension payments to the elderly; (iii) Accelerate the tender processes for public spending to ensure full budget execution; (iv) Consider setting-up a Health Emergency Fund to request additional resources from Congress, that could reach up to MXN180 billion.

Mexico 05B 05B - Income support MXN 25,035,000,000 1,139,560,289 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed on 30 April 2020); AMLO. https://lopezobrador.org.mx/2020/04/05/presidente-anuncia-acciones-para-la-reactivacion-economica-ante-covid-19-en-primer-informe-del-ano-al-pueblo-de-mexico-2/ (accessed 30 April 2020).

(i) Frontloading of social pension and disability payments by four months; (ii) Accelerating procurement processes and VAT refunds; (iv) MXN35 million - Some workers accessing loans against their social security accounts; (v) Public housing credit institute covering three months of workers’ debt (defer further six months for those let go); (vi) MXN25 billion - Introduction of drinking water, drainage, pavement, and the construction and improvement of 50,000 homes in marginalized areas of 50 municipalities in the country.

Mexico 11 11 - Other Economic Measures MXN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (Assessed on 30 April 2020); https://www.gob.mx/cnsf/es/articulos/acuerdo-suspension-de-plazos-cnsf-244144?idiom=es (accessed June 8).

(i) On April 5, President Lopez Obrador outlined his government’s policy priorities to combat the economic effects of COVID-19, including more health spending and strengthening of the social safety net; (ii) May 29, Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit sespended deadlines for institutions subject to supervision by the National Commission of Insurance and Bonds.

Nigeria 05 05 - Health and income support NGN 517,484,000,000 1,586,765,811 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19?fbclid=IwAR3QQSk6OmfE7YbISvq0_ut_FpTD_Bc00gRB-YJ_YA_VB-VlWiYD9PBO0Ro#P (accessed 14 May 2020).

(i) NGN500 billion of approved fiscal stimulus to support healthcare facilities, provide relief for taxpayers, and incentivize employers to retain and recruit staff during the downturn; (ii) NGN984 million released to Nigeria’s Center for Disease Control (NCDC); (iii) Additional NGN6.5 billion for purchasing more testing kits, opening isolation centers and training medical personnel; (iv) NGN10 billion grant to Lagos State to increase its capacity to contain the outbreak; (iv) No amount/estimate: Import duty waivers for pharmaceutical firms; (v) No amount/estimate: Regulated fuel prices have been reduced; (ii) No amount/estimate: April 1, Suspension of the payment of the new electricity tariffs scheduled to commence on April 2; (vi) April 3, No amount/estimate: Nigerian banks prohibited from retrenching or laying off any staff of any cadre (both full-time and part-time); (vii) No amount/estimate: May 14, The President also ordered an increase of the social register by 1 million households to 3.6 million to help cushion the effect of the lockdown.

Nigeria 05A 05A - Health support NGN
Nigeria 05B 05B - Income support NGN
Nigeria 11 11 - Other Economic Measures NGN OECD. oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 4 May 2020)

(i) March 25, The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) announced the grant of a 60-day extension to issuers and dealing members for filing of 2019 full year financial reports; (ii) March 27, Minister of Industry, Trade and Investment directed to work with the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (MAN) to ensure that production of essential items such as food, medical and pharmaceutical products continues.

Russian Federation 05 05 - Health and income support RUB 5,487,416,500,000 74,843,749,786 Ministry of Economic Development Russian Federation. https://www.economy.gov.ru/material/news/ekonomika_bez_virusa/utverzhdeny_pravila_specvyplat_dlya_vzyavshih_na_vremennoe_prozhivanie_pod_opeku_detey_pozhilyh_i_invalidov_na_period_borby_s_koronavirusom.html (accessed 04 June 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) The total cost of the fiscal package is currently estimated at 2.8% of GDP, with an additional support of RUB32.4 billion for health purposes, divided into the measures below. The government has announced that the package would eventually be increased to around 5% of GDP, to be spent in 2020-21; [update] (ii) June 1, additional RUB145 million allocated for individuals who participated in a mutual aid program for the vulnerable from April 1 to June 30, 2020. Individuals will receive RUB12130 per month for April 1 to June 30, 2020 for each person assisted. [update]

Russian Federation 05A 05A - Health support RUB Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 6 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) April 18, RUB32.4 billion allocated to equip and modernize hospital beds; (ii) No amount/estimate: increased compensation for medical staff as well as health and safety inspectors; (iii) No amount/estimate: zero import duties for pharmaceuticals and medical supplies and equipment; (iv) No amount/estimate: April 2, Drafted a bill that allows organizations to reduce taxable profits on expenses associated with the purchase of personal protective equipment, test systems for diagnosis of coronavirus, and medical equipment for diagnosis and treatment.

Russian Federation 05B 05B - Income support RUB Ministry of Economic Development. https://www.economy.gov.ru/material/news/ekonomika_bez_virusa/reshetnikov_popravki_v_zakonodatelstvo_v_sfere_arendy_pomogut_tysyacham_kompaniy_msp.html (accessed 28 May 2020), https://www.economy.gov.ru/material/news/ekonomika_bez_virusa/pravitelstvo_rf_utverdilo_otsrochku_po_imushchestvennym_nalogam_dlya_arendodateley.html (accessed 21 May 2020). CBR. https://cbr.ru/press/event/?id=6691 (accessed 6 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 15 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: Key measures include: (i) individuals under quarantine to receive sick leave benefits and sick leave pay to equal at least the minimum wage until the end of 2020; (ii) unemployment benefits to equal at least the minimum wage for three months; (iii) all children up to 3 years of age in families eligible for maternity capital to receive an additional lumpsum benefit for 3 months, starting in April, and all families with children to get an additional lumpsum benefit for each child for 3 months if parents lose jobs; (iv) interest rate subsidies for SMEs and systemically important enterprises; (v) tax deferrals for most affected companies on most taxes; (vi) deferrals on social contributions for SMEs in affected sectors for 6 months; (vii) social contributions by SMEs on wages in excess of the minimum wage permanently reduced from 30 to 15%; (viii) deferrals on rent payments to all levels of government until the end of the year plus zero rent to the federal government for three months for SMEs in affected sectors; (ix) budget grants for SMEs in affected industries to cover salaries at the rate of one minimum salary per employee for two months; (x) allowed citizens to transfer free of charge up to 100 thousand rubles a month through the Quick Payment System (SBP); (xi) social welfare programs/benefits are automatically extended for six months, and current beneficiaries don't have to keep demonstrating eligiblity during the six months; (xii) May 7. No amount/estimate: Proposed to suspend customs checks and to expand the provision of tax deferrals; (xi) No amount/estimate: May 19, Approved a deferral of property taxes for lessors. Landlords can delay their payments of property and land taxes, provided that they meet eligibility condition; (xii) No amount/estimate: May 27, Allowed SMEs to terminate leases without penalties.

Russian Federation 11 11 - Other Economic Measures RUB CBR. https://cbr.ru/eng/press/pr/?file=23032020_170800eng2020-03-23T17_07_10.htm (accessed 6 May 2020). Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) March 20, BOR regulated credit institutions and non-bank financial institutions are allowed to recognise equity and debt securities acquired before 1 March 2020 at fair value in the accounting records. They can also recognise debt securities, acquired from 1 March 2020 through 30 September 2020 at their fair value as of the acquisition date; (ii) June 2, Allowed non-state pension funds (NPFs) and management companies (UK) to temporarily re-evaluate securities within pension funds and assets of closed-end mutual funds. [update]

Saudi Arabia 05 05 - Health and income support SAR 57,165,000,000 15,244,000,000
Saudi Arabia 05A 05A - Health support SAR 47,265,000,000 12,604,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 May 2020).

(i) Total of SAR47 billion in resource support to the health sector; (ii) April 26, The government signed a SAR265 million contract to import 9 million tests needed for COVID-19 diagnosis.

Saudi Arabia 05B 05B - Income support SAR 9,900,000,000 2,640,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 May 2020).

(i) April 3, SAR9 billion to to cover 60% of the salaries of Saudi staff in companies under stress for the next three months; (ii) SAR0.9 billion in temporary electricity subsidies to commercial, industrial, and agricultural sectors; (iii) No amount/estimate: Expat fees cancelled for three months; (iv) No amount/estimate: Payment deferral for VAT, excise tax, income tax, government service fees and municipal fees; (v) No amount/estimate: Exemptions from various fees for electronic transactions, balances below the minimum, and refinancing operations and termination of existing agreements; (vi) No amount/estimate: May 14, 30% discount on electricity bills while offering the possibility of payment deferral.

Saudi Arabia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures SAR Saudi Arabian government. http://sama.gov.sa/en-US/News/Pages/news-534 (accessed 6 May 2020). https://www.mof.gov.sa/mediacenter/news/Pages/News_11052020.aspx (accessed 14 May 2020). https://www.mof.gov.sa/mediacenter/news/Pages/News_11052020.aspx (accessed 14 May 2020). http://www.sama.gov.sa/ar-sa/News/Pages/news-571.aspx (accessed 14 May 2020)

(i) No amount/estimate: April 25, Increase of the monthly ceiling limit for e-wallets up to SAR20,000, with the goal of boosting digital payment transactions; May 11: (ii) Decided to stop the cost of living allowance starting from June 2020; (iii) Raised the value-added tax rate from 5% to 15% starting July 1; (iv) May 13, Announced the extension of the program of support for fees of sales points and e-commerce for all stores and private sector establishments for an additional three months ending on September 14, 2020.

South Africa 05 05 - Health and income support ZAR 192,200,000,000 11,581,316,721
South Africa 05A 05A - Health support ZAR 20,000,000,000 1,205,131,813 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 7 May 2020).

ZAR20 billion to health response through the provision of treatment, additional expenditure on personal protective equipment for health workers, community screening, an increase in testing capacity, additional beds in field hospitals, ventilators, medicine and staffing.