Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Arab Republic of Egypt 05 05 - Health and income support EGP 107,480,000,000 6,839,337,353 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

Multiple packages have been announced by the government to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19, totalling over EGP102 billion: (i) March 22, EGP100 billion (1.8% of GDP) or USD6.13 billion was announced as the total of stimulus policies to be enacted by the government to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19; (ii) March 24, EGP1 billion additional funding for health services; (iii) April 2, additional USD7.9 million disgnated for emergency respone activities related to the outbreak; (iv) EGP1 billion in arrears will be paid out to exporters. More data on the breakdown of these packages below.

Arab Republic of Egypt 05A 05A - Health support EGP OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) March 22, EGP8 billion has been allocated to support the healthcare sector, targeted at providing urgent and necessary medical supplies, and disbursing bonuses for medical staff working in quarantine hospitals and labs; (ii) March 22, To support medical professionals, including doctors working in university hospitals, a 75% allowance over the wages has been announced; (iii) March 24, EGP1 billion (USD63.5 million) additional funding was announced, specifically for health services and various measures to increase the country’s capacity to absorb the sudden increase of critical patients that the outbreak might bring; (iv) April 2, additional USD7.9 million designated for emergency response activities related to the COVID-19 outbreak.

Arab Republic of Egypt 05B 05B - Income support EGP Egyptian Customs Authority. https://customs.gov.eg/Media/News/Details/18aa02e5-3c2c-4686-ac2f-c020e8982926 (accessed 24 September 2020). Ministry of Social Solidarity. https://www.moss.gov.eg/ar-eg/Pages/news-details.aspx?nid=1917 (accessed 17 September 2020). Ministry of Petroleum. https://www.petroleum.gov.eg/ar-eg/media-center/news/news-pages/Pages/mop_02092020_02.aspx (accessed 17 September 2020). Central Bank of Egypt. https://www.cbe.org.eg/en/Pages/HighlightsPages/Circular-dated-21-June-2020-regarding-extending-the-period-of-exempting-local-transfers-in-EGP-from-all-fees-&-commissions-.aspx (accessed 24 September 2020); https://www.cbe.org.eg/en/Pages/HighlightsPages/Circular-dated-21-June-2020-regarding-extending-the-period-of-exempting-local-transfers-in-EGP-from-all-fees-&-commissions-.aspx (accessed 24 June 2020). Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources. https://www.petroleum.gov.eg/ar-eg/media-center/news/news-pages/Pages/mop_17062020_01.aspx (accessed 19 June 2020). World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: March 22, Pension benefits have been increased by 14%; (ii) No amount/estimate: March 22, Expansion of the targeted cash transfer social programs, Takaful and Karama, are also being extended to reach more families; (iii) No amount/estimate: March 22, A targeted support initiative for irregular workers in most severely hit sectors has been announced, which will entail EGP500 in monthly grants for 3 months; (iv) No amount/estimate: March 22, Energy costs have been lowered for the entire industrial sector; (v) No amount/estimate: March 22, Real estate tax relief has been provided for industrial and tourism sectors, (vi) No amount/estimate: March 22, Subsidy pay-out for exporters has been stepped up, and discount on fuel price has been announced for the aviation sector; (vii) March 22, EGP50 billion of the EGP100 billion stimulus has been announced for the tourism sector, which contributes close to 12% of Egypt’s GDP, 10% of employment, and almost 4% of GDP in terms of receipts, as of 2019; (viii) No amount/estimate: The moratorium on the tax law on agricultural land has been extended for 2 years; (ix) No amount/estimate: The stamp duty on transactions and tax on dividends have been reduced; (x) No amount/estimate: Capital gains tax has been postponed until further notice; (xii) No amount/estimate: ATM withdrawal fees have been cancelled; (xiii) EGP1 billion in arrears will be paid out by The Export Subsidy Fund in March and April 2020, plus 10% in cash payments to exporters in June 2020; (xiv) No amount/estimate: Three months extension for the payment of property taxes for companies in the industrial and tourism sector; (xv) No amount/estimate: Extension of the individuals’ annual tax return filing deadline to 16 April instead of 31 March, and exemption of the tax returns online filing subscription fee for the use of the Egyptian Tax Authority online filing portal; (xvi) EGP50 million allocated by the Ministry of Workforce for irregular workers, including women, who lost their job due to the coronavirus; (xvii) June 17, EGP5.3 billion in exemptions to natural gas consumers from penalty fine for late payments; (xviii) No amount/estimate: June 21, Extended until September 15, 2020, the exemption from all fees & commissions for local transfers in EGP. On September 15, this was again extended until December 21, 2020. Further, contactless prepaid bank cards will continue to be issued to citizens free of charge; [update] (xix) No amount/estimate: A Corona tax of 1% on all public and private sector salaries and 0.5% on state pensions have been imposed, the proceeds of which are earmarked for sectors and SMEs most affected by the pandemic; (xx) No amount/estimate: July 23, the new consumer spending initiative will also include discounts on selected consumer goods, the details of which are yet to be announced; (xxi) Bonus for workers in the petroleum sector worth 12% of the basic wage for a worker on June 30, 2020, with a minimum of EGP75 added to the basic wage. Bonus for workers in the workers in "the shareholding corporate sector" side of the petroleum industry get a bonus worth 12% of their basic wages with a minimum of EGP75 and a maximum of EGP300; (xxii) EGP500 support total for tour guides. Disbursement begins with an EGP100 disbursement on September 8, 2020; (xxiii) September 18, Reduction in customs duties by rates exceeding 50% of their current levels on some components of the furniture, petrochemical and durable electrical appliances industries such as refrigerators and televisions, as well as for mass transit vehicles and vehicle supply stations with electric and gas power. [update]

Arab Republic of Egypt 09 09 - International Assistance Provided EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 09A 09A - Swaps EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 09B 09B - International loans/grants EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EGP Central Bank of Egypt. https://www.cbe.org.eg/en/Pages/HighlightsPages/Circular-dated-6-August,-2020-regarding-allowing-banks-to-own-unlimited-shares-in-payment-service-providers-and-payment-sys.aspx (accessed 12 August 2020). World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) March 20, The limit for electronic payments via mobile phones has been raised to EGP30,000/day and EGP100,000/month for individuals, and to EGP40,000/day and EGP200,000/per week for corporations; (ii) March 29, The central bank set a daily limit on all ATM disbursement per card to be EGP5,000, and limits to cash withdrawal and deposits at a bank branch to be EGP10,000 per individual, and EGP50,000 per corporate; (iii) The cost of transactions in the EGX will be reduced from 0.15% to 0.125% and from 0.15% to 0.05% for non-residents and Egyptian residents, respectively, and all spot transactions on EGX will be exempt from stamp duty; (iv) The National Bank of Egypt and Bank Misr announced a one-year deposit program with a 15% interest rate; (v) August 6, Allowed banks to own unlimited shares in payment service providers and payment systems operators.

Argentina 05 05 - Health and income support ARS 169,134,000,000 2,695,362,550
Argentina 05A 05A - Health support ARS 6,000,000,000 95,617,530 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 5 May 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/el-gobierno-extendio-el-subsidio-de-contencion-familiar-dispuesto-en-2006 (accessed 14 August 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/227193/20200327 (accessed 25 September 2020).

(i) Established Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production for employers and workers affected by the health emergency; (ii) authorized ARS 6 billion to Argentine provinces to strengthen municipal health systems and finances; (iii) created an Emergency Family Income (IFE) to compensate the loss or serious decrease in the income of people linked to the informal sector; (iv) low-income monotributistas, and the workers and workers of private households affected by the health emergency; (v) implemented Universal Child Allowance (AUH) and Universal Pregnancy Allowance (AUE) payments, worth ARS3,103 per month for each child; (vi) increase in budget items for therapeutic communities, homes with coexistence and homes for care and community accompaniments; (vii) increased the monthly non-remunerative financial to temporary workers in the agricultural and agro-industrial sectors; (viii) No amount/estimate: August 8, Established a subsidy of ARS 15,000 for the relatives of people who died due to COVID-19, who at the time of their death, were unemployed, worked in the informal economy or were monotaxists; (ix) No amount/estimate: September 15, Extended the Stimulus Allowance for Healthcare workers by 90 days and expanded the scope of the allowance to reach 700,000 people when before it reached 500,000. This is a monthly 5,000 Peso allowance for healthcare workers. [update]

Argentina 05B 05B - Income support ARS 163,134,000,000 2,599,745,020 Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/guzman-y-de-pedro-firmaron-con-el-gobernador-de-mendoza-un-nuevo-acuerdo-del-fondo (accessed 03 Jul 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/mas-de-300-millones-de-pesos-para-poner-en-marcha-el-programa-potenciar-trabajo-en-cordoba (accessed 03 July 2020). Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 May 2020, 19 June 2020, 26, June). Official Bulletin of Argentina. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/231883/20200708 (accessed 17 July 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/el-gobierno-nacional-firmo-acuerdos-de-asistencia-financiera-con-jujuy-la-rioja-tierra-0 (accessed 24 July 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/arroyo-y-capitanich-firmaron-la-implementacion-del-potenciar-trabajo-en-chaco (accessed 31 July 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/233459/20200811 (accessed 14 August 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/el-presidente-anuncio-obras-para-chaco-misiones-cordoba-la-pampa-y-salta-por-20-mil (accessed 28 August 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/234035/20200825 (accessed 28 August 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/227120/20200325?busqueda=1 (accessed 25 September 2020).

(i) Increased budget for public investment in road works, economic infrastructure, construction and renovation of houses, schools, kindergartens, and tourism by ARS100 billion; (ii) suspended fees and commissions for ATM operations (deposits, withdrawals, inquiries, etc.) through June 30, 2020; (iii) exempted the payment of employment contributions to sectors criticaly affected by the coronavirus pandemic; (iv) reinforced unemployment insurance; (v) ordered an extraordinary payment to the holders of the Food Card; (vi) May 1, established emergency economic assistance within the framework of the Self-Managed Work Program; (vii) May 1, declared that Emergency Family Income (IFE), Universal Child Allowance (AUH), and the Complementary Salary (SC) are not taxable as part of gross income; (viii) No amount/estimate: May 5, expanded the Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production to cover more companies and activities; (ix) No amount/estimate: May 6, increased the benefits and number of beneficiaries; (x) No amount/estimate: May 11, updated the amounts of economic aid provided under the Job Insertion Program; (xi) No amount/estimate: May 12, required Banks to refund fees associated with the National Social Security Administration (ANSES) and Emergency Family Income (IFE) benefit; (x) May 14, ARS29 billion federal program which includes the construction of 5,500 new homes, the financing of 42,900 parts that include gas, electricity and sanitary infrastructure works, the granting of microcredits for the acquisition of construction materials and the carrying out of small-scale works, as well as the conditioning of community spaces in popular neighborhoods. Estimated to generate 750 thousand direct and indirect jobs between 2020 and 2021; (xi) No amount/estimate: May 18, announced an increase of 6.12% for all retirees and pensioners according to the scale of the pyramid, which brings the minimum retirement to 16,864 pesos and the maximum credit to 113,479 pesos, also includes increases in non-contributory pensions, the Universal Child Allowance, the Universal Pregnancy Allowance and the Family Allowances; (xii) May 22, ARS21 million for the acquisition of 70,000 new computers, within the framework of the federal connectivity program "Juana Manso" that carries out the educational portfolio; (xiii) No amount/estimate: June 5, ordered payment of 3 thousand pesos for those under the Empower Work Program and did not receive IFE; (xiv) No amount/estimate: June 9, national government extended the right to double compensation for individuals who are dismissed from their jobs without just cause; (xv) No amount/estimate: June 9, exempted temporarily from payment of income tax for overtime, guards and additional personnel of Health, Armed, and Security Forces and other activities related to the health emergency; (xvi) No amount/estimate: created assistance programs for individuals with disabilities affected by COVID-19; (xvii) June 12, ARS900 million, emergency measures to face the COVID-19 pandemic and its sanitary, economic and housing consequences; (xvii) No amount/estimate: June 18, extended until September 30 the suspension of the collection of all charges to operate in ATMs; (xix) No amount/estimate: June 22, increase of ARS3000 in the monthly non-contributory financial aid under Training and Employment Insurance; (xx) June 28, ARS1.9 billion grant to province of Mendoza under the the Trust Fund for Financial Development; (xxi) June 30, ARS313 million to launch the Program to Promote Work in the province of Cordova; (xxii) July 7, ARS4 billion budget for 2020 to support the reactivation and completion of National Housing Plan projects; (xxiii) July 15, extended until October 2020 loan benefits under the Emergency Assistance to Work and Production (ATP) program for the performing arts sector; (xxiv) July 16, ARS6.4 billion for the provinces of Jujuy, La Rioja, Tierra del Fuego, and Salta under the Trust Fund for Provincial Development (FFDP); (xxv) July 27, ARS500 million for the program "Empower Work" in Chaco; (xxvi) August 7, ARS100 million for Created the Program for the Promotion of Work, Rooting and Local Supply (PROTAAL); (xxvii) August 19, ARS20 billion to rehabilitate the infrastructure projects in the provinces of Chaco, Misiones, Córdoba, La Pampa and Salta; (xxviii) August 24, an increase of 7.50% for pension benefits as of September; (xxix) September 20, utilities with up to 7 months of past-due payments from March 1 2020 onwards cannot be discontinued. [update]

Argentina 09 09 - International Assistance Provided ARS
Argentina 09A 09A - Swaps ARS
Argentina 09B 09B - International loans/grants ARS
Argentina 11 11 - Other Economic Measures ARS 0 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 9 May 2020, 26 June 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 April 2020). Official Bulletin of Argentina. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/232522/20200724 (accesed 31 July 2020). Official Bulletin of Argentina. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/230897/20200619 (accessed 2 October 2020).

(i) Capital Flow Management Measures (CFMs) that were already in place since August 2019 have largely protected Argentina so far from the impact of capital outflows; (ii) Adopted anti-price gouging policies, including price controls for food and medical supplies and ringfencing of essential supplies, including certain export restrictions on medical supplies and equipment and centralization of the sale of essential medical supplies.; (iii) April 28, Ordered that the Common Investment Funds (FCI) in pesos must invest at least 75% of their assets in financial instruments and negotiable securities issued in the Argentine Republic; (iv) Extended deadline of filing financial statements for small and medium-sized corporations; (v) May 16, extended validity of Maximum Prices until June 20; (vi) May 18, suspended price increases mobile and fixed telephony, Internet and pay TV services until August 31; June 18, extended until end of the year ; (v) May 19, set the domestic price of a barrel of oil at USD45 with the objective of reactivating the national hydrocarbon industry, guaranteeing the continuity of jobs and promoting self-sufficiency; (vi) June 18, extended the suspension of the closure and disabling of bank accounts until December 31, 2020, inclusive; (vii) July 23, extension of 15 days for presentation and payment of tax returns on earnings and personal and identity assets.

Brazil 05 05 - Health and income support BRL 269,871,412,727 55,265,073,703
Brazil 05A 05A - Health support BRL 28,788,040,000 5,895,300,789 OECD . Https://oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed May 28)

(i) An additional 0.4% of GDP have been assigned to the public healthcare system, in addition to transfers to state and municipal governments who bear the main responsibility for public healthcare; (ii) Taxes and import duties on goods used by hospitals have been zeroed and import procedures eased. (iii) Field hospitals are being built and efforts are underway to procure respirators and augment ICU capacity; (iv) The Health Ministry opened 5,800 vacancies for doctors; (v) Resident doctors will receive a 20% bonus, worth USD 130.

Brazil 05B 05B - Income support BRL 241,083,372,727 49,369,772,914 Institute of International Finance (IIF) https://www.iif.com/Portals/0/Files/Databases/COVID-19_responses.pdf?ver=2020-04-24-173749-083 (Accessed 29 April 2020). Ministry of Finance https://www.gov.br/economia/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/2020/junho/tesouro-atualiza-o-manual-para-instrucao-de-pleitos-e-inclui-orientacoes-relacionadas-a-ajuda-contra-a-covid-19 (accessed June 25). Ministry of Economy https://www.gov.br/economia/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/2020/junho/governo-federal-anuncia-prorrogacao-do-auxilio-emergencial-por-mais-dois-meses (accessed 1 July 2020). Ministry of Economy https://www.gov.br/economia/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/2020/julho/reducao-do-iof-sobre-operacoes-de-credito-e-prorrogada-por-mais-90-dias (accessed 12 July 2020). Ministry of Economy https://www.gov.br/economia/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/2020/julho/receita-e-pgfn-prorrogam-por-mais-30-dias-prazo-de-validade-de-certidoes-conjuntas (accessed 20 July 2020). Ministry of Economy https://www.gov.br/economia/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/2020/julho/governo-utilizara-plataforma-brasil-para-operacionalizar-os-recursos-da-lei-aldir-blanc (accessed 6 August 2020). Ministry of Infrastructure https://www.gov.br/infraestrutura/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/ultimas-noticias/presidente-sanciona-lei-com-medidas-para-beneficiar-transporte-aereo (accessed 7 August 2020)

(i) Announced a comprehensive fiscal package worth USD30 billion, that includes expansion and front-loading of social assistance/benefit payments; (ii) expanding the Bolsa Familia program with the inclusion of over 1 million more beneficiaries, cash transfers to informal and unemployed workers, and advance payments of salary bonuses to low income workers; (iii) USD1.5 billion to finance two months of payroll for firms impacted by COVID-19; (iv) Announced several measures, which include bringing forward the 13th pension payment to retirees, expanding the Bolsa Familia program, providing an emergency cash transfer to households; and (v) Introducing temporary tax breaks and credit lines through the state-owned banks, lowering taxes and import levies on essential medical supplies, and assisting state and local governments; (vi) June 23, the Ministry of Economy suspends for up to 6 months payment to the Board of Trustees of the Severance Pay Fund (FGTS) from private urban public transport companies; the impact of suspended payments is approximately BRL51 million (see Category 3B for link); (vii) No amount/estimate; June 19, the National Treasury updated the Manual for Instruction of Claims (MIP) to include specific guidelines and procedures under the Complementary Law No. 173/2020 that established the Federative Program to Combat Coronoavirus and altered the Fiscal Responsiblity Law (LRF) by waiving limits placed on "the Union, the States, the Federal District and Municipalities" in the event of a "public calamity"; (viii) June 30, the Ministry of Economy announced extension of emergency aid for another 2 months to 64.3 million Brazilians, who receive an additional BRL600 per month (total = 64.3 million x BRL600 x 2 months = BRL77.16 billion; (ix) July 3, the Ministry of Economy announced a reduction in the IOF tax rate on credit operations had been extended 90 days; the estimated tax waiver for the 90 days is BRL7.051 billion; (x) July 14, the Ministry of Economy announced extension of the validity period of Negative Debt Certificates (CND) and Positive Certificates with Negative Effects (CNEND) for another 30 days, both relating to federal tax credits; (xi) July 29, Ministry of Economy announced the Aldir Blanc Law that provides amergency aid of BRL600 for people working in cultural establishments such as independent theaters, circuses, cinema clubs, cultural spaces in indigenous areas and popular festivals; total estimated expense is BRL3 billion; (xii) No amount/estimate; August 6, Ministry of Infrastructure announced cancellation of the USD18 per ticket International Boarding Fare, starting in 2021;

Brazil 09 09 - International Assistance Provided BRL
Brazil 09A 09A - Swaps BRL
Brazil 09B 09B - International loans/grants BRL
Brazil 11 11 - Other Economic Measures BRL IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19?fbclid=IwAR3QQSk6OmfE7YbISvq0_ut_FpTD_Bc00gRB-YJ_YA_VB-VlWiYD9PBO0Ro#B (Accessed 29 April 2020). AGB. https://agenciabrasil.ebc.com.br/en/economia/noticia/2020-05/pandemic-brought-down-76-brazils-industrial-sector (accessed 14 May 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-gdp-fall/brazil-4-7-gdp-this-year-would-be-biggest-fall-since-1900-economy-ministry-idUSKBN22P2J3 (accessed 14 May 2020). Ministry of Economy https://www.gov.br/economia/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/2020/trabalho/julho/decreto-prorroga-por-ate-120-dias-prazos-dos-acordos-do-beneficio-emergencial (accessed 20 July 2020)

(i) With congress declaring a state of “public calamity” on March 20, the government’s obligation to comply with the primary balance target in 2020 has been lifted. (ii) Proposed a bill creating a separate budget (“war-budget”) to expedite fiscal relief assistance and authorize the central bank to buy and sell government and corporate debt securities among other extraordinary measures. (iii) Pandemic leads 76% of Brazil’s industrial sector to cut production. (iv) Brazil’s government lowered its 2020 economic outlook on Wednesday, forecasting a gross domestic product contraction of 4.7%, which would signal the country’s biggest economic crash in more than a century. (v) July 14, the Ministry of Economy announced the extension of the proportional reduction of work and salary agreements and temporary suspension of the Benefit's employment contract via the Emergency Preservation of Employment and Income (BEm)

Cook Islands 05 05 - Health and income support NZD 61,000,000 36,902,601 Ministry of Finance and Economic Management. http://www.mfem.gov.ck/images/MFEM_Documents/COVID-19/Cook_Islands_Economic_Response_to_COVID-19.pdf (accessed 13 April 2020).

The Government’s COVID-19 Economic Response Plan with a total value of NZD61 million has three objectives. The first is to stimulate demand through support to local business to ensure that the economy is able to continue to operate, even at a reduced level, during this period of extreme uncertainty surrounding COVID-19. The second is to support the livelihoods of those that are likely to be most affected by the economic fallout, including those required to self-isolate, those that lose their jobs and the elderly and infirm. The third objective is to achieve the first two objectives in a fiscally responsible manner that does not undermine the Government’s ability to undertake further fiscal intervention over the longer-term, should that prove necessary. Breakdown as follows: (i) NZD5 million, Ministry of Health; (ii) NZD2.3 million support for self-isolation; (iii) NZD2 million small capital works program; (iv) NZD12 million major capital projects; (v) NZD0.97 million unemployment benefit; (vi) NZD22.51 million wage subsidy; (vii) NZD1 million child benefit payment; (vii) NZD0.87 million one-off welfare payment; (viii) NZD50 thousand redeployment program; (ix) NZD3.36 million business grants; (x) NZD2.32 million indirect costs (tax relief, TAU,etc).

Cook Islands 05A 05A - Health support NZD
Cook Islands 05B 05B - Income support NZD
Cook Islands 09 09 - International Assistance Provided NZD
Cook Islands 09A 09A - Swaps NZD
Cook Islands 09B 09B - International loans/grants NZD
Cook Islands 11 11 - Other Economic Measures NZD
Federated States of Micronesia 05 05 - Health and income support USD 35,000,000 35,000,000
Federated States of Micronesia 05A 05A - Health support USD 20,000,000 20,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

To address the emergency caused by COVID-19, the national government has prepared a USD20 million (or about 5% of GDP) COVID-19 Response Framework, in order to develop quarantine and isolation facilities across the nation, provide mandatory infection control training for all first responders, and increase testing capacity and ventilators for each island state in the Federated States of Micronesia.

Federated States of Micronesia 05B 05B - Income support USD 15,000,000 15,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

April 22, The government approved the economic stimulus package of USD15 million (about 3.8% of GDP). The package includes measures to support affected businesses, including wage subsidies, debt relief, as well as social security tax and other tax rebates.

Federated States of Micronesia 09 09 - International Assistance Provided USD
Federated States of Micronesia 09A 09A - Swaps USD
Federated States of Micronesia 09B 09B - International loans/grants USD
Federated States of Micronesia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

(i) No monetary policy response. With the U.S. dollar its legal tender, the FSM does not have a central bank; and (ii) No exchange rate policy response, given that U.S. dollar is the legal tender of the FSM.

Fiji 05 05 - Health and income support FJD 1,210,900,000 549,509,893 WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 1 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020). Fiji Village. https://www.fijivillage.com/news/Ministry-working-to-avail-funds-to-help-additional-number-of-Fijians-requiring-social-welfare-assistance-54xrf8/ (accessed 11 September 2020).

(i) March 26, A supplementary budget (FJD1 billion) was announced in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Supplemental expenditures on public health, lump sum payments through the Fiji National Provident Fund (FNPF), tax and tariff reductions, and loan repayment holidays aimed at protecting public health, supporting the economy, and ensuring food security. An Agricultural Response Package to ensure food security has also been announced. It includes the scaling up of the existing Home Gardening program and a new Farm Support Package which aims at boosting the production of short-term crops through seeds and materials distribution; and effective March 2020, No amount/estimate: (ii) Temporary elimination of import excise duty (from 15%) on ethanol for production of hand sanitizers; (iii) Temporary elimination of import fiscal duties on certain products like glove, masks, disposable hair nets, hospital beds, etc.; (iv) Temporary elimination of the VAT on imports of certain products like vaccines, pharmaceutical products, etc.; (v) Temporary increase of the import fiscal duties (by 0.2/L on fuel (diesel and petrol); (vi) June 4, Government expanded its unemployment assistance; (vii) July 17, a second fiscal package was announced as part of the FY2020-21 budget for the fiscal year beginning in August, consisting of sizeable tax and tariff cuts. The budget also entails a total of FJD100 million for unemployment assistance and a subsidy to Fiji Airways of FJD60 million to incentivize first 150,000 tourists in new fiscal year; (viii) As of September 11, the Permanent Secretary for Poverty Alleviation of the Ministry of Women, Children and Poverty Alleviation is working to avail funds to help additional number of Fijians requiring social welfare assistance after the effects of COVID-19; (ix) As of October 1, The Government has introduced several additional allocations amounting FJD50.9 million for the development of the sugar sector. [update]

Fiji 05A 05A - Health support FJD
Fiji 05B 05B - Income support FJD
Fiji 09 09 - International Assistance Provided FJD
Fiji 09A 09A - Swaps FJD
Fiji 09B 09B - International loans/grants FJD
Fiji 11 11 - Other Economic Measures FJD