|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Afghanistan||05||05 - Health and income support||AFN||40,700,000,000||517,207,927||UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)||
According to the mid-year budget revision to be submitted to parliament in September, authorities envisage a total of 2.9% of GDP for pandemic-related spending, with about 15% directed to health.
|Afghanistan||05A||05A - Health support||AFN||6,200,000,000||78,788,431||UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)||
(i) As of 27 August 2020, The government has so far allocated AFN6.2 billion in the budget for emergency health needs, such as (a) establishing testing labs, including at border crossings, (b) boosting hospitalization and care capacity, and (c) procuring the most critical medical supplies.
|Afghanistan||05B||05B - Income support||AFN||32,200,000,000||409,191,530|
|Afghanistan||05B1||05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes||AFN||UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)||
(i) No amount/estimate: 20 March 2020, The government extended filing deadlines, initially to 3 April, now to 5 July for individual and business taxpayers; (ii) No amount/estimate: 20 March 2020, The government deferred the payment of taxes for all individuals and businesses for two months, until 20 May 2020.
|Afghanistan||05B2||05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction||AFN|
|Afghanistan||05B3||05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households||AFN||32,200,000,000||409,191,530||
As of 27 August 2020, the following amounts have been spent/included in the budget amendment: (i) AFN20.8 billion for the provision of social relief packages – cash transfers or in-kind – to support vulnerable households. Waived electricity bills of less than AFN1,000 for a family residence in Kabul for two months and paid utility bills of the past two months for 50% of households in Kabul; (ii) AFN2.8 billion for the provision of wheat and flatbread to IDPs and daily wage earners; (iii) AFN1.7 billion for a wheat purchase program; (iv) AFN6.9 billion to support farmers as well as other short-term laborers.
|Afghanistan||05B4||05B4 - Subsidies to businesses||AFN|
|Afghanistan||05B5||05B5 - Indirect income support||AFN|
|Afghanistan||05B6||05B6 - No breakdown (income support)||AFN|
|Afghanistan||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||AFN||2,300,000,000||29,227,966||
27 August 2020, AFN2.3 billion in transfers to provinces to finance their COVID-19 responses.
|Afghanistan||09||09 - International Assistance Provided||AFN|
|Afghanistan||09A||09A - Swaps||AFN|
|Afghanistan||09B||09B - International loans/grants||AFN|
|Afghanistan||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||AFN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 24 July 2020)||
(i) The government has taken steps to replace wheat imports lost due to border closures with purchases from Central Asia; (ii) On 15 July 2020, trade with India through Wagah border post in Pakistan resumed.
|Afghanistan||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||AFN|
|Afghanistan||12A||12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international)||AFN||
(i) Between March and April 2020, Border closures and suspension of international and domestic flights; As of November, both domestic and international travel has resumed. However, passengers will still need to carry a COVID-19 negative certificate.
|Afghanistan||12B||12B - Measures affecting business and workplace||AFN||
(i) 6 June 2020, The government extended the nationwide lockdown that had been in place since late March/early April for 3 more months. All public places are to remain closed, while public transportation facilities carrying more than 4 passengers are not allowed to travel. Restaurants and coffee shops are only allowed to carry out deliveries and take-outs. As of November 2020, this 6-month lockdown has been lifted.
|Afghanistan||12C||12C - Others||AFN||
(i) March 26, The government released over 10,000 prisoners to reduce the risk of mass infections in penitentiaries; (ii) Social distancing measures, including a three-week lockdown of Kabul (28 March 2020) and Ghazni (1 April 2020) and restricting daily movements to those deemed essential; (iii) Lockdowns in over 20 provinces, including Kabul and other cities, were extended for 3 weeks on 17 April; (iv) 6 June 2020, The government extended the nationwide lockdown for 3 more months, as well as mandating additional health precautions. As of November, the lockdown has been lifted. Public gatherings are now allowed, and educational institutions have reopened.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||05||05 - Health and income support||EGP||110,856,000,000||7,054,164,325||OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||05A||05A - Health support||EGP||9,083,900,000||578,041,092||Ahram Online. http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/388732/Egypt/Politics-/EGP--million-disbursed-to-support-doctors-infected.aspx (accessed 29 October 2020). OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).||
(i) 22 March 2020, EGP8 billion has been allocated to support the healthcare sector, targeted at providing urgent and necessary medical supplies, and disbursing bonuses for medical staff working in quarantine hospitals and labs; (ii) 22 March 2020, To support medical professionals, including doctors working in university hospitals, a 75% allowance over the wages has been announced; (iii) 24 March 2020, EGP1 billion (USD63.5 million) additional funding was announced, specifically for health services and various measures to increase the country’s capacity to absorb the sudden increase of critical patients that the outbreak might bring; (iv) 2 April 2020, additional USD7.9 million designated for emergency response activities related to the COVID-19 outbreak; (v) 19 October 2020, The Egyptian Doctors Syndicate announced that it has disbursed EGP71 million to support almost 3,600 doctors who have been infected by the coronavirus since February. The syndicate added that it also disbursed EGP5 million to support the families of the doctors who died of COVID-19.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||05B||05B - Income support||EGP||100,600,000,000||6,401,538,312|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||05B1||05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes||EGP||World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: The moratorium on the tax law on agricultural land has been extended for 2 years; (ii) No amount/estimate: Capital gains tax has been postponed until further notice; (iii) No amount/estimate: Three months extension for the payment of property taxes for companies in the industrial and tourism sector; (iv) No amount/estimate: Extension of the individuals’ annual tax return filing deadline to 16 April instead of 31 March, and exemption of the tax returns online filing subscription fee for the use of the Egyptian Tax Authority online filing portal; (v) No amount/estimate: A Corona tax of 1% on all public and private sector salaries and 0.5% on state pensions have been imposed, the proceeds of which are earmarked for sectors and SMEs most affected by the pandemic;
|Arab Republic of Egypt||05B2||05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction||EGP||5,300,000,000||337,257,983||Egyptian Customs Authority. https://customs.gov.eg/Media/News/Details/18aa02e5-3c2c-4686-ac2f-c020e8982926 (accessed 24 September 2020). Central Bank of Egypt. https://www.cbe.org.eg/en/Pages/HighlightsPages/Circular-dated-21-June-2020-regarding-extending-the-period-of-exempting-local-transfers-in-EGP-from-all-fees-&-commissions-.aspx (accessed 24 June 2020). World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: The stamp duty on transactions and tax on dividends have been reduced; (ii) 17 June 2020, EGP5.3 billion in exemptions to natural gas consumers from penalty fine for late payments; (iii) No amount/estimate: 21 June 2020, Extended until 15 September 2020, the exemption from all fees & commissions for local transfers in EGP. On 15 September 2020, this was again extended until 21 December 2020; (iv) 18 September 2020, Reduction in customs duties by rates exceeding 50% of their current levels on some components of the furniture, petrochemical and durable electrical appliances industries such as refrigerators and televisions, as well as for mass transit vehicles and vehicle supply stations with electric and gas power.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||05B3||05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households||EGP||3,300,000,000||209,990,819||Ministry of Social Solidarity. https://www.moss.gov.eg/ar-eg/Pages/news-details.aspx?nid=2003 (accessed 19 November 2020), https://www.moss.gov.eg/ar-eg/Pages/news-details.aspx?nid=1917 (accessed 17 September 2020); Ministry of Petroleum. https://www.petroleum.gov.eg/ar-eg/media-center/news/news-pages/Pages/mop_02092020_02.aspx (accessed 17 September 2020). World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020). Daily News Egypt. https://dailynewsegypt.com/2020/10/21/prime-minister-approves-salary-rise-for-egyptian-teachers/ (accessed 5 November 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: 22 March 2020, Pension benefits have been increased by 14%; (ii) No amount/estimate: 22 March 2020, Expansion of the targeted cash transfer social programs, Takaful and Karama, are also being extended to reach more families; (iii) No amount/estimate: 22 March 2020, A targeted support initiative for irregular workers in most severely hit sectors has been announced, which will entail EGP500 in monthly grants for 3 months; (iv) EGP50 million allocated by the Ministry of Workforce for irregular workers, including women, who lost their job due to the coronavirus; (v) No amount/estimate: 23 July 2020, the new consumer spending initiative will also include discounts on selected consumer goods, the details of which are yet to be announced; Bonus for workers in the petroleum sector worth 12% of the basic wage for a worker on 30 June 2020, with a minimum of EGP75 added to the basic wage. Bonus for workers in the workers in "the shareholding corporate sector" side of the petroleum industry get a bonus worth 12% of their basic wages with a minimum of EGP75 and a maximum of EGP300; (vi) EGP500 support total for tour guides. Disbursement begins with an EGP100 disbursement on 8 September 2020; (vii) 10 October 2020, EGP2.3 billion in support to state employees through salary hikes between EGP50 and EGP55; (viii) 27 October 2020, EGP1 billion to support equal educational opportunities for students. This includes support for one million school students from families who have been rejected from the Takaful program, bringing the total number of students who are supported to 4.4 million students, of whom 2.4 million students are supported through the Takaful program and 2 million students are rejected from the program.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||05B4||05B4 - Subsidies to businesses||EGP||51,000,000,000||3,245,312,663||Arab News. https://www.arabnews.com/node/1787126/business-economy (accessed 4 January 2020); Ministry of Petroleum. https://www.petroleum.gov.eg/ar-eg/media-center/news/news-pages/Pages/mop_17062020_01.aspx (accessed 19 June 2020). OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).||
(i) EGP1 billion in arrears will be paid out to exporters; (ii) No amount/estimate: 22 March 2020, Energy costs have been lowered for the entire industrial sector; (iii) No amount/estimate: 22 March 2020, Real estate tax relief has been provided for industrial and tourism sectors, (iv) No amount/estimate: 22 March 2020, Subsidy pay-out for exporters has been stepped up, and discount on fuel price has been announced for the aviation sector; (v) 22 March 2020, EGP50 billion of the EGP91 billion stimulus has been announced for the tourism sector, which contributes close to 12% of Egypt’s GDP, 10% of employment, and almost 4% of GDP in terms of receipts, as of 2019; (vi) EGP1 billion in arrears will be paid out by The Export Subsidy Fund in March and April 2020, plus 10% in cash payments to exporters in June 2020; (vii) No amount/estimate: 4 January 2020, Government will bear the financing for the loan on the same date in Measure 3A until the airline can report to 80% of its pre-COVID capacity.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||05B5||05B5 - Indirect income support||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||05B6||05B6 - No breakdown (income support)||EGP||41,000,000,000||2,608,976,847||OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).||
Multiple packages have been announced by the government to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19, totalling about EGP91 billion for nonhealth measures, EGP41 billion of which have no breakdown. This is part of the EGP102.18 billion (1.8% of GDP) announced on 22 March 2020 as the total of stimulus policies to be enacted by the government to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||05C||05C - No breakdown (health and income support)||EGP||1,172,100,000||74,584,921||OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).||
Measure 5C covers the remaining measure amount from the EGP102.18 billion with no breakdown.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||09||09 - International Assistance Provided||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||09A||09A - Swaps||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||09B||09B - International loans/grants||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||11||11 - Other Economic Measures||EGP||11,786,229,548||750,000,000||Central Bank of Egypt. https://www.cbe.org.eg/en/Pages/HighlightsPages/Circular-dated-6-August,-2020-regarding-allowing-banks-to-own-unlimited-shares-in-payment-service-providers-and-payment-sys.aspx (accessed 12 August 2020). Egypt Independent. https://egyptindependent.com/egypt-launches-first-green-bonds-in-middle-east-and-africa-worth-us750-mn/ (accessed 22 October 2020). Financial Regulatory Authority Egypt. http://www.fra.gov.eg/content/efsa_ar/efsa_news/efsa_921.htm (accessed 15 October 2020). World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).||
No amount/estimate: (i) 20 March 2020, The limit for electronic payments via mobile phones has been raised to EGP30,000/day and EGP100,000/month for individuals, and to EGP40,000/day and EGP200,000/per week for corporations; (ii) 29 March 2020, The central bank set a daily limit on all ATM disbursement per card to be EGP5,000, and limits to cash withdrawal and deposits at a bank branch to be EGP10,000 per individual, and EGP50,000 per corporate; (iii) The cost of transactions in the EGX will be reduced from 0.15% to 0.125% and from 0.15% to 0.05% for non-residents and Egyptian residents, respectively, and all spot transactions on EGX will be exempt from stamp duty; (iv) The National Bank of Egypt and Bank Misr announced a one-year deposit program with a 15% interest rate; (v) 6 August 2020, Allowed banks to own unlimited shares in payment service providers and payment systems operators; (vi) 4 October 2020, The Financial Regulatory Authority reduced the fees for examination and study services owed to the authority by 50% for medium and small companies when they apply for the Authority’s approval when taking steps related to the Egyptian stock exchange (such as preparations for an IPO). The change was aimed at incentivizing SMEs to go to the stock exchange for funding; (vii) 20 October 2020, USD750 million in green bonds (first in Middle East and Africa) to finance expenditures related to green projects addressing the impacts of COVID-19 while also taking into account environmental standards.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||12||12 - Non-Economic Measures||EGP|
|Arab Republic of Egypt||12A||12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international)||EGP||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 December 2020).||
(i) Temporarily halting all air travel; (ii) Starting July 2020, there will be a gradual re-opening of the economy – air travel will resume and public transportation will operate between 4 am and midnight; (iii) As of December 2020, International flights have resumed, and tourists are arriving in small numbers.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||12B||12B - Measures affecting business and workplace||EGP||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020).||
(i) Encouraging civil servants to work from home in non-essential sectors, and closing all malls, gyms, sporting clubs, in-dining restaurants and cafes; (ii) Starting July 2020, there will be a gradual re-opening of the economy – restaurants and cafes will open with 25 percent capacity, stores will close at 9 pm while restaurants and cafes will close at 10 pm, public parks and beaches will remain closed until further notice, places of worship will be open for daily prayers but main prayers like Friday prayers and masses will not be allowed, cinemas, theaters, and entertainment venues will operate with 25 percent capacity.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||12C||12C - Others||EGP||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020); Anadolu Agency. https://www.aa.com.tr/en/middle-east/egypt-starts-covid-19-vaccination/2121613 (accessed 28 January 2021).||
(i) 28 April 2020, A Presidential decree published in the Official Gazette declared the state of emergency across the country for three months; (ii) The authorities have taken a host of precautionary measures to improve testing as well as to limit the community spread of the virus, including (a) setting up testing centers, (b) imposing a nighttime curfew, (c) temporarily closing places of worship; (iii) Authorities have also suspended the export of all types of legumes for a period of 3 months and plan to start increasing strategic food reserves to meet domestic demand; (iv) All parks and specialized gardens around Cairo will open to the public starting on 26 August 2020, with a maximum capacity of 50%. Starting 21 September 2020, funeral prayers and wedding ceremonies held in open-air venues have been allowed, for a maximum limit of 300 people; (v) Egypt’s Health Ministry released a 3-stage plan outlining required procedures in preparation for the gradual easing of restrictions within the country; (vi) 25 January 2021, Egypt started its COVID-19 vaccination plan [update].
|Argentina||05||05 - Health and income support||ARS||169,284,000,000||2,697,752,988|
|Argentina||05A||05A - Health support||ARS||6,000,000,000||95,617,530||Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 5 May 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/el-gobierno-extendio-el-subsidio-de-contencion-familiar-dispuesto-en-2006 (accessed 14 August 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/227193/20200327 (accessed 25 September 2020). MENAFN. https://menafn.com/1101062851/Argentina-inks-deal-with-Russia-to-purchase-25-mln-doses-of-coronavirus-vaccine&source=30 (accessed 06 November 2020).||
(i) authorized ARS 6 billion to Argentine provinces to strengthen municipal health systems and finances; (ii) increase in budget items for therapeutic communities, homes with coexistence and homes for care and community accompaniments; (iii) No amount/estimate: 8 August 2020, Established a subsidy of ARS 15,000 for the relatives of people who died due to COVID-19, who at the time of their death, were unemployed, worked in the informal economy or were monotaxists; (iv) No amount/estimate: 15 September 2020, Extended the Stimulus Allowance for Healthcare workers by 90 days and expanded the scope of the allowance to reach 700,000 people when before it reached 500,000. This is a monthly 5,000 Peso allowance for healthcare workers. (v) No amount/estimate: 3 November 2020, purchase of 25 million doses of Russian COVID-19 vaccine "Sputnik V".
|Argentina||05B||05B - Income support||ARS||163,284,000,000||2,602,135,458|
|Argentina||05B1||05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes||ARS|
|Argentina||05B2||05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction||ARS||Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 May 2020, 19 June 2020, 26, June).||
(i) 1 May 2020, declared that Emergency Family Income (IFE), Universal Child Allowance (AUH), and the Complementary Salary (SC) are not taxable as part of gross income; (ii) No amount/estimate: June 9, exempted temporarily from payment of income tax for overtime, guards and additional personnel of Health, Armed, and Security Forces and other activities related to the health emergency; (iii) exempted the payment of employment contributions to sectors criticaly affected by the coronavirus pandemic;
|Argentina||05B3||05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households||ARS||Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 May 2020, 19 June 2020, 26, June). Argentine Government. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/234035/20200825 (accessed 28 August 2020).Argentine Government. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/227120/20200325?busqueda=1 (accessed 25 September 2020).||
(i) created an Emergency Family Income (IFE) to compensate the loss or serious decrease in the income of people linked to the informal sector; (ii) implemented Universal Child Allowance (AUH) and Universal Pregnancy Allowance (AUE) payments, worth ARS3,103 per month for each child; (iii) increased the monthly non-remunerative financial to temporary workers in the agricultural and agro-industrial sectors; (iv) suspended fees and commissions for ATM operations (deposits, withdrawals, inquiries, etc.) through June 30, 2020; (v) reinforced unemployment insurance; (vi) ordered an extraordinary payment to the holders of the Food Card; (vii) May 1, established emergency economic assistance within the framework of the Self-Managed Work Program; (viii) No amount/estimate: 12 May 2020, required Banks to refund fees ass (ix) No amount/estimate: 18 May 2020, announced an increase of 6.12% for all retirees and pensioners according to the scale of the pyramid, which brings the minimum retirement to 16,864 pesos and the maximum credit to 113,479 pesos, also includes increases in non-contributory pensions, the Universal Child Allowance, the Universal Pregnancy Allowance and the Family Allowances;ociated with the National Social Security Administration (ANSES) and Emergency Family Income (IFE) benefit; (x) No amount/estimate: 5 June 2020, ordered payment of 3 thousand pesos for those under the Empower Work Program and did not receive IFE; (xi) No amount/estimate: 9 June 2020, national government extended the right to double compensation for individuals who are dismissed from their jobs without just cause; (xii) No amount/estimate: created assistance programs for individuals with disabilities affected by COVID-19; (xiii) No amount/estimate: 18 June 2020, extended until September 30 the suspension of the collection of all charges to operate in ATMs; (xiv) No amount/estimate: 22 June 2020, increase of ARS3000 in the monthly non-contributory financial aid under Training and Employment Insurance; (xv) 24 August 2020, an increase of 7.50% for pension benefits as of September; (xvi) September 20, utilities with up to 7 months of past-due payments from March 1 2020 onwards cannot be discontinued.