Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Bangladesh 05 05 - Health and income support BDT 346,065,000,000 4,073,749,264 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 1 May 2020). The Financial Express. https://thefinancialexpress.com.bd/economy/covid-19-govt-so-far-announces-1190b-stimulus-packages-1590759538 (accessed 26 June 2020).
Bangladesh 05A 05A - Health support BDT 8,500,000,000 100,058,858 Ministry of Finance. https://mof.portal.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/mof.portal.gov.bd/page/ed9e8b19_ccba_4cca_94b1_c40013f7a760/MTMPS_2020-21_English.pdf (accessed 29 June 6).

(i) BDT1 billion Special Honorarium for doctors, nurses, medical workers; (ii) BDT7.5 billion compensation in case infection/death.

Bangladesh 05B 05B - Income support BDT 337,565,000,000 3,973,690,406 Ministry of Finance. https://mof.portal.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/mof.portal.gov.bd/page/ed9e8b19_ccba_4cca_94b1_c40013f7a760/MTMPS_2020-21_English.pdf (accessed 29 June 6). Bangladesh Bank. https://www.bb.org.bd/mediaroom/circulars/fepd/may122020fepdl20.pdf (accessed 29 June 2020).

(i) BTD20 billion, the Ministry of Finance will subsidize interest payments as mentioned in Measure 2 on working capital loans by scheduled banks to businesses; (ii) BDT12.58 billion Cash Transfer to targeted poor people; (iii)BDT8.15 billion expansion of cash allowance programs; (iv) BDT25.03 billion free food distribution; (v) BDT2.51 billion OMS of rice at 10 taka/kg; (vi) BDT21.3 billion construction of home for homeless people; (vii) BDT8.6 billion additional procurement of paddy/rice (2.0 lac ton), (viii) BDT2.0 billion Support for farm mechanization; (ix) BDT95 billion subsidy for agriculture; (x) BDT20 billion employment creation through four State owned entities; (xi) Export Development Fund has been increased by USD1.5 billion; (xii) BDT20 billion subsidy for commercial bank's suspended interest of April-May, 2020; (xiii) No amount/estimate: Expatriate Bangladeshis can get 2% incentives without showing any paper on remittance upto $5,000 (earlier $1,500) and for more than $5,000

Bangladesh 09 09 - International Assistance Provided BDT
Bangladesh 09A 09A - Swaps BDT
Bangladesh 09B 09B - International loans/grants BDT
Bangladesh 11 11 - Other Economic Measures BDT Bangladesh Bank. https://www.bb.org.bd/mediaroom/circulars/brpd/jun102020brpd12.pdf (accessed 29 June 2020).

BB instructed banks to waive customers interest for the period from 1 April to 31 May based unclassified loan outstanding balance as at 30 March 2020. According to the instruction, loan balance upto BDT 0.1m, waiver the whole amount of interest; loan balance more than BDT 0.1m to BDT 1m interest, interest waiver @2% annually; loan balance more than BDT 1m; interest waiver @1%. Customer wise maximum amount of waiver is BDT 1.2m.

Bangladesh 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BDT Ministry of Public Administration. https://mopa.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/mopa.gov.bd/notices/8b82fa43_9c1a_4269_bc9f_dcf378e47fdf/admin1-2020-347-r1.PDF (accsessed 29 June 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020).

(i) March 23, The government declared a general holiday from March 26 to April 4, which has been extended until May 5: government offices, private offices, and courts will be closed, commercial banks will operate shorter hours; (ii) Individuals have been requested not to leave their homes except to collect daily necessities and emergency supplies, and to wear masks when outside; and (iii) A lockdown has been imposed on 75 hotspots in Dhaka where cases have been identified, and a curfew is in operation from 6pm to 6am.

Bhutan 05 05 - Health and income support BTN/INR 32,000,000,000 430,592,553
Bhutan 05A 05A - Health support BTN/INR 2,000,000,000 26,912,035 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Ministry of Health. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1658 (accessed 22 July 2020).

(i) April, An additional resource of BTN2 billion will be provided to the Ministry of Health to meet health-related spending; (ii) No amount/estimate: July 20, The government announced the exemption of COVID19 testing fees for the following categories of travellers: (a) undergraduate students and (b) referred patients and patient attendants approved by the referral committee.

Bhutan 05B 05B - Income support BTN/INR 30,000,000,000 403,680,518 Official Statement from the Office of the Prime Minister of Bhutan (PMO). https://bit.ly/2yrZXYx (accessed 13 April 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/3b6ygCh (accessed 6 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/3efwMrR (accessed 18 June 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/3ggtGo2 (accessed 1 July 2020); PMO. https://bit.ly/39oW0lW (accessed 20 July 2020).

April, The National Resilience Fund has been approved and established. With a fund size amounting to about BTN30 billion, the resources will support the implementation of the following activities: (i) Grant of the Druk Gyalpo’s Relief Kidu to people who have been laid off or placed on reduced salaries to provide them immediate financial support. April 30, The Druk Gyalpo's Relief Kidu has granted BTN150 million as the first disbursement of the Relief Kidu to 13,006 people. On June 26, the government announced that the Druk Gyalpo Relief Kidu will continue from July to September 2020, however, with revision in amounts. The Relief Kidu has granted about BTN700 million between April and June 2020 to over 23,000 affected people ; (ii) Interest waiver (50% of cost) - effective May 1, the Royal Monetary Authority announced that the interest waiver would also be extended to non-performing loan accounts for a period of three months (April–June). The government will finance 50% of the total interest payment and the financial institutions offered to support the other 50%. On June 11, The government handed over the e-fund payment to financial service providers for loan interest waiver for the month of April. The government is financing 50% of the interest waiver amounting to BTN625.96 million (Total amount of the interest waiver for April stands at BTN1.2 billion). On June 26, the government announced to further extend interest waiver for another nine months for loans availed as of April 10, 2020. Full interest waiver will be granted from July to September 2020, followed by a partial interest waiver (50%) from October 2020 to March 2021. The cost of interest payment for the nine months is estimated at BTN7.5 billion and will be fully granted from the National Resilience Fund ; (iii) Fast-track the implementation of the 12th Five Year Plan and wherever possible frontload the investments. June 26, In order to support front-loading of capital investments, procurement guidelines will be simplified including preferential treatment for local goods; (iv) Business income tax (BIT) and corporate income tax (CIT) filing and tax payment for the income year 2019 will be deferred until June 30. June 26, targeted tax deferments will be provided over the next six to 12 months; (v) Deferred payment of sales tax and customs duty on essential items (March–June); (vi) Waiver of payment of rent and other charges (April–June) by tourism-related business entities leasing government properties. June 26, rental waivers will be provided over the next six to 12 months; (vii) May 25, The government will be refunding the 5% sales tax collected on telecom services collected on or after January 16, 2020; (viii) No amount/estimate: July 1, Launched the Economic Contingency Plan (ECP) Series I, which aims to help various sectors, including tourism, agriculture, construction and improvement of farm roads.

Bhutan 09 09 - International Assistance Provided BTN/INR
Bhutan 09A 09A - Swaps BTN/INR
Bhutan 09B 09B - International loans/grants BTN/INR
Bhutan 11 11 - Other Economic Measures BTN/INR 3,000,000,000 40,368,052 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Royal Monetary Authority. https://www.rma.org.bt/rgobbond.jsp (accessed 01 October 2020).

(i) Office of Consumer Protection has published market price information of essential commodities as of March 11, to monitor and keep track of price movement in the market and provide information to consumers for informed purchase decision; (ii) March 24, A ban on select food product (e.g., betel leaf, betel nut) import from India has been imposed to curb the spread of COVID-19; (iii) June 29, Import of luxury motor vehicles and bikes have been suspended; (iv) September 4, The Royal Monetary Authority announced the issuance of a 3-year government bond of BTN3,000 million with an annual coupon rate of 6.5% to promote capital market development amid the pandemic [update].

Bhutan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BTN/INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); PMO. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1606 (accessed 20 July 2020); Royal Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1664 (accessed 11 August 2020); Royal Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/31-08-20-press-release-pmo/ (accessed 02 September 2020); Royal Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/10-09-20-press-release-on-the-completion-of-the-unlocking-period-pmo/ (accessed 11 September 2020).

(i) Bhutan started imposing containment measures immediately after the first case was recorded on March 6, with restriction of entry of foreign tourists initially for two weeks but extended afterwards and closure of schools in three cities; (ii) March 22, Bhutan sealed off its land borders as a precautionary measure to prevent the spread of COVID-19. For non-Bhutanese, exits are allowed. Incoming non-Bhutanese are scrutinized and quarantined where applicable; (iii) March 27, More containment measures were imposed on public gatherings, travel (within and outside Bhutan), business and entertainment, games and sports and civil service, corporate, private, and other agencies. The quarantine period has been extended to April 21; (iv) Healthcare measures include setting up dedicated hospitals and quarantine centers; (v) June 19, Easing of restrictions, which will be done in phases, in schools, institutes, and colleges, except pre-primary levels, low risk businesses, sports, trainings and workshops, religious and social functions, parks and public spaces, and public transport; (vi) June 19, All government, corporate, and allied agencies are called to discontinue "work from home" starting June 22; (vii) August 11, Government announces nationwide lockdown. On September 1, The government announced a phased easing of lockdown restrictions between September 1 and 10. On September 10, the Government released new guidelines on the movement of individuals throughout the country.

India 05 05 - Health and income support INR 11,838,186,220,000 159,294,838,251 Press Information Bureau. https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1633516 (accessed 24 June 2020). Financial Times. https://www.ft.com/content/5734f333-e4d7-4ebf-9de2-220e537da3f0?accessToken=zwAAAXIRWB3Ykc9XNPMz5NdOv9Od4iIOU32j8A.MEQCIE1obkN05q4qkjoiBgF6riG66o6ocs0SQWfl2AsFIikHAiADu_DmNRDP9bo3QfxgYpytmLV8FGnEHOa8g66dgBdahQ&sharetype=gift?token=4a849e3f-c1b7-487d-ba1d-e73f283cd8c8 (accessed 14 May 2020). India Economics Update, Capital Economics. IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 3 July 2020)

(i) Three measures have already been announced as direct support to income/revenue. The first, mainly devoted to health, totalled around INR150 billion. The second, focusing on nonhealth initiatives, totalled around INR2 trillion. Finally, on May 13, USD112.5 billion in fiscal support was announced, which is part of the USD266 billion support package announced by Prime Minister Modi. Part of this will go towards new measures targeting businesses and expanding support for poor households. The complete breakdown is yet to be disclosed; (ii) May 17, an additional INR400 billion was allocated to provide employment boost; (iii) No amount/estimate: Other key measures announced include: (a) health reforms & initiatives by investing in health institutions, among others and (b) a program for digital education to be launched immediately; (iv) June 23, the Prime Minister CARES Trust Fund has allocated INR3 billion for both health and nonhealth initiatives; (v) June 12, the GST council announced that it would halve the interest rate charged on overdue filings of small businesses. On June 30, Prime Minister Modi announced that the provision of food rations to vulnerable households would be extended through end-November (0.4 percent of GDP).

India 05A 05A - Health support INR Press Information Bureau. https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1633516 (accessed 24 June 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 5 May 2020).

Prime Minister Modi announced that an additional INR150 billion will be devoted to health infrastructure, including for COVID-19 testing facilities, personal protective equipment, isolation beds, intensive care unit (ICU) beds, and ventilators; (ii) No amount/estimate: Reduction and/or eliminations of tariffs for imports of medical or surgical instruments and supplies along with eemptions fom "health cess"; (iii) June 23, Allocated from the Prime Minister CARES Trust fund INR2 billion for supply of 50000 ‘Made-in-India’ ventilators to government-run COVID19 hospitals.

India 05B 05B - Income support INR Press Information Bureau. https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1633516 (accessed 24 June 2020). Ministry of Finance. https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1631127 (accessed 17 June 2020). https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1625319 (accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 3 July 2020).

(i) March 26, Finance Minister Sitharaman announced a stimulus package valued at approximately 0.8% of GDP. The key elements of the package are (a) in-kind (food, cooking gas) and cash transfers to lower-income households; (b) insurance coverage for workers in the health-care sector; and (c) wage support to low-wage workers (in some cases for those still working, and in other cases by easing the criteria for receiving benefits in the event of job loss); (ii) No amount/estimate: Several measures to ease the tax compliance burden across a range of sectors have also been announced, including postponing some tax filing and other compliance deadlines; (iii) Numerous state governments have also announced measures to support the health and well-being of lower-income households, primarily in the form of direct transfers (free food rations and cash transfers)-the magnitude of these measures varies by state, but on aggregate measures thus far amount to approximately 0.2% of India’s GDP; (iv) May 17, an additional INR400 billion was allocated to provide employment boost; (v) No amount/estimate: May 20, approved the extension of Pradhan MantriVayaVandanaYojana, a social security scheme for senior citizens, for three additional years until March 2023; (vi) June 12, Provided waiver of late fees and interest as well as reduced the 18% per annum rate to 9% per annum for late furnishing of tax returns for small tax payers; (vii) June 23, a sum of INR1 billion has been allocated from the PM Cares Trust Fund for the welfare of migrant laborers; (viii) June 30, Prime Minister Modi announced that the provision of food rations to vulnerable households would be extended through end-November (0.4% of GDP).

India 09 09 - International Assistance Provided INR 59,452,955,789 800,000,000
India 09A 09A - Swaps INR 59,452,955,789 800,000,000 The Print India. https://theprint.in/diplomacy/india-extends-250-million-support-to-maldives-to-overcome-economic-impact-of-covid-19/506718/ (accessed 21 September 2020). The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18854 (accessed 3 September 2020). Economic Times. https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/finance/rbi-signs-documents-to-extend-400mn-currency-swap-facility-to-sri-lanka-indian-mission/articleshow/77166348.cms (accessed 27 July 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 5 May 2020).

(i) April 15, A request was made by Sri Lanka to enter into a Bilateral Currency Swap Agreement with the Reserve Bank of India for USD400 million. As of July 25, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has signed the documents formally extending the facility to Sri Lanka; (ii) April, RBI entered into a swap currency agreement with the facility with the Maldives Monetary Authority amounting to USD150 million. On September 1, The duration of the currency swap agreement signed between Maldives and India was extended. Presently, Maldives has already received USD150 million under this agreement. In addition, MMA revealed that the Government of India would grant further financing up to USD250 million. As of September 20, the remaining USD250 million financial assistance has been provided by India to the Maldives.

India 09B 09B - International loans/grants INR
India 11 11 - Other Economic Measures INR 382,500,000,000 5,146,926,607 RBI. https://www.rbi.org.in/Scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=50324 (accessed 17 September 2020). Securities and Exchange Board of India. https://www.sebi.gov.in/legal/circulars/jul-2020/relaxation-from-compliance-with-provisions-of-the-sebi-issue-and-listing-of-debt-securities-regulations-2008-ilds-regulation-sebi-non-convertible-redeemable-preference-shares-regulations-20-_47071.html (accessed 17 July 2020), https://www.sebi.gov.in/legal/circulars/jul-2020/relaxation-from-compliance-with-certain-provisions-of-the-sebi-issue-and-listing-of-municipal-debt-securities-regulations-2015-ildm-regulations-and-certain-sebi-circulars-due-to-the-covid-19-vir-_47015.html (accessed 8 July 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1625319 (accessed 21 May 2020); WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/covid19_e.htm#faq (accessed 5 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) Amendments introduced to the export policy of several products; (ii) May 17, Enhancements to the Ease of Doing Business Act and decriminalisation of Companies Act violations; (iii) July 7, Decided to partially modify circular No. SEBI/HO/DDHS/CIR/P/2020/41 (dealing with investor grievance report, financial results and accounts maintained by issuers under ILDM Regulations) and extended the timelines for submission to July 31, 2020; (iv) July 15, Decided to permit Listers who listed or intend/propose to list NCDs/NCRPS/CPs to use available financials as of December 31,2019, pre-coronavirus; (v) August 31, Announced that various State Governments have offered to sell securities by way of an auction, for an aggregate face value of INR82.5 billion; (vi) August 7, The Reserve Bank announced the constitution of an Expert Committee under the chairmanship of Shri K.V. Kamath to make recommendations on the required financial parameters to be factored in the resolution plans under the ˜Resolution Framework for Covid19-related Stress; (vii) August 31, Announced the re-issue of various fixed-rate government equities (stocks) at different years and percentages, for a total of INR300 billion through price-based action; (viii) September 22, the Parliament adopted the amendment to the Indian Bankruptcy Code, with no insolvency cases until March 25, 2021. [update]

India 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 17 September 2020).

(i) March 21, A temporary ban for a week on international flights landing in the country for a week; (ii) March 26, Extended ban on all international flights till April 15th, excluding approved all-cargo operations and flights; (iii) March 5, Schools closed in some of the municipalities and states, including Delhi until the end of March, which was eventually expanded to all educational insttitutions in the country; (iv) March 12, Partial shutdowns was imposed on educational institutions, stadiums, cinema halls, and sports clubs and gathering of people were banned in some of the states, including Delhi; (v) March 24, The entire country was placed under lockdown for 21 days which, on April 14, was further extended to May 17; (vi) April 15, the government announced several relaxation measures in geographical areas designated as non-hotspot, with effect from April 20, 2020; (vii) May 30, the government issued ‘Unlock 3.0’ guidelines for a phased re-opening of most activities across the country and limiting the lockdown only to containment zones for a month until June 30. However, states have been empowered to prohibit certain activities if they deem it necessary; (viii) On August 29, the government issued new guidelines (‘Unlock 4.0’) to further re-open the economy in September, removing restrictions on metro rail, and allowing for social, academic, sports, entertainment, and other congregations of up to 100 people. Education institutions will remain closed until end-September, with lockdowns continuing to be implemented in containment zones.

Maldives 05 05 - Health and income support MVR 2,500,000,000 162,665,470 Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/media/news/mvr-25-million-economic-recovery-plan (accessed 13 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/covid-19 (accessed 26 May 2020); The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18141(accessed 31 July 2020); The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18174 (accessed 31 July 2020).

March 20, To minimize the economic impact of the COVID–19 virus, the authorities announced an Economic Recovery Plan of MVR2.5 billion: (i) reduce the recurrent expenditure by MVR1 billion; (ii) increase the amount of funds allocated for the health sector; (iii) subsidize 40% of electricity bills and 30% of water bills for the months of April and May; (iv) provide special allowance to those who lose their jobs due to COVID-19; (v) arrange working capital for businesses through banks; (vi) defer principal and interest amount of loan repayments to Bank of Maldives (BML) by businesses and people who have been negatively impacted of COVID-19.

Maldives 05A 05A - Health support MVR World Trade Organization (WTO). https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 19 April 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/public/attachments/tlDHkVtRSsbHlcIVKsDXPL7ZWH3lyS7kXzqzkPGa.pdf (accessed 16 September 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/publications/statistical-releases/weekly-covid-19-spending (accessed 2 October 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: March 17, Temporary reduction of import tariffs on certain personal protective equipment like hand sanitizers, disinfectants, etc. Imports are also exempted from processing fees; (ii) As of September 24, total spending towards COVID-19 health and social efforts that is part of the Economic Recovery Plan stood at MVR1,284.1 million [update].

Maldives 05B 05B - Income support MVR The Edition. https://edition.mv/business/18270 (4 August 2020). Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/covid-19/individuals/discount-electricity-bills (accessed 28 August 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/covid-19/individuals/financial-aid-students-abroad (accessed 28 August 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/covid-19/individuals/income-support-allowance (accessed 16 September 2020, 2 October 2020).

(i) As of May 2020, MVR48.2 million has been disbursed as the Government subsidized 40% of electricity utility bills of April and May 2020; (ii) As of May 2020, MVR10.2 million has been disbursed as the Government subsidized 30% of water utility bills of April and May 2020; (iii) No amount/estimate: August 4, the Ministry of Tourism reduced the fine imposed on late rent fees for tourist establishments from 0.5% to 0.0493%; (iv) No amount/estimate: Under the Financial Aid for Students Abroad under the Economic Recovery Plan, students would be paid for a maximum period of 2 months, in relation to the stipend rates set by the Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE). Eligible students will get a daily allowance corresponding to living allowance for their country of study, but will be capped at USD50 per day; (v) As of September 24, MVR89.8 million under the Income Support Allowance that is part of the Economic Recovery Plan has been disbursed [update].

Maldives 09 09 - International Assistance Provided MVR
Maldives 09A 09A - Swaps MVR
Maldives 09B 09B - International loans/grants MVR
Maldives 11 11 - Other Economic Measures MVR Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/media/news/mvr-25-million-economic-recovery-plan (accessed 13 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/covid-19 (accessed 26 May 2020); The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/19115 (accessed 16 September 2020).

(i) April, Reduce recurrent expenditure by MVR1 billion; (ii) September 13, The Ministry of Finance decided to reassess and amend the state budget declared for the year 2020 due to the significant reduction in revenue generated by the state in the wake of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

Maldives 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures MVR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 19 April 2020, 14 May 2020, 4 June 2020, 22 July 2020); The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/16934 (accessed 29 May 2020). The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18190 (accessed 31 July 2020); The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18275 (accessed 7 August 2020); The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18890 (accessed 4 September 2020); The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18967 (accessed 17 September 2020).

(i) March 12, The government declared a Public Health Emergency. There are several adopted containment measures, including (a) temporary suspension of on-arrival visa for all passengers arriving to Maldives by air and sea, (b) quarantine for all passengers traveling to Maldives by air except for tourists checking-in to resorts, (c) screening at ports of entry, (d) restrictions on travel between resorts and inhabited islands, (e) ban on all cruise ships from entering and docking; requirement on all guest houses and city hotels operating in the Maldives to temporally suspend all tourist check-ins since March 17, and (f) school closures; (ii) April 15, The greater Malé region was placed on lockdown; (iii) May 13, The lockdown was extended to May 28 (third extension since its implementation); (iv) May 28: (a) The state of Public Health Emergency was extended until June 29; and (b) Phase one of lockdown easing started, with a relaxation in temporary permissions for leaving homes as well as allowing certain commercial businesses to open and operate; (v) Since July 1, the country is in phase three of the lockdown ease plan. This phase permits movement in the Greater Malé Region from 5am to 11pm, and only gatherings of less than 30 people are to be allowed in public spaces; (vi) International flights as well as tourism island resorts reopened; (vii) While guesthouses in inhabited islands are opened since July for locals/residents in COVID-19 free islands, guesthouses will be opened for tourists in August; (vii) July 30, Authorities mandated wearing face masks in public spaces of the capital city of Malé in response to a surge in COVID-19 cases in Maldives. Individuals in public spaces without masks would be fined by MVR1,000 starting from August 1; (viii) August 4, The Health Protection Agency (HPA) implemented a curfew over the Greater Malé Region; (ix) September 3, The Ministry of Education extended the closure of schools in the Greater Malé Region by an additional two weeks in connection to the surge of COVID-19 cases in the area; (x) September 6, The extension of the State of Public Health Emergency until October 6 was announced.

Nepal 05 05 - Health and income support NPR
Nepal 05A 05A - Health support NPR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://mof.gov.np/en/archive-documents/budget-speech-17.html?lang= (accessed 6 July 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) March 30, Health spending will be increased, including by providing additional insurance coverage to all medical personnel fighting the coronavirus, importing additional medical supplies (with duty on said items eliminated), and setting up quarantine centers and temporary hospitals; (ii) May 28, In the budget speech for fiscal year 2020/21, Finance Minister Khatiwada announced additional measures in the area of healthcare (the establishment of additional hospital facilities). The specific measures announced include (a) Testing facilities to be expanded in high risk zones; and additional quarantines with testing facilities to be established to allay public concern; (b) Healthcare and lab technicians will be eligible for encouragement allowance; and will be provided with personnel protective equipment; (c) Provision of free health insurance plan of up to NPR500,000 for all healthcare professionals combatting contagious diseases including novel coronavirus; (d) A 50% discount on annual fee applicable on a group corona insurance policy worth NPR100,000; (e) A 300-bed tropical disease hospital to be established in Kathmandu Valley in FY2021; (f) 250 ICU beds to be added in all government hospitals across Kathmandu valley and provincial capitals; (g) A 50-bed tropical disease hospital to be operationalized in all provincial capitals; (h) Capacity of National Public Health Laboratory to be enhanced to comply with international standards; modern health laboratories to be established in all provincial capitals; health desks equipped with requisite medical equipment to be established in all major international entry points; (i) Basic hospitals with 5-15 beds to be established in all local levels; 272 such hospitals to be established by FY2021.

Nepal 05B 05B - Income support NPR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://mof.gov.np/en/archive-documents/budget-speech-17.html?lang= (accessed 6 July 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) March 30, Social assistance will be strengthened by providing those most vulnerable with daily food rations, subsidizing utility bills for low-usage customers, extending tax-filing deadlines, and taking measures to partially compensate those in the formal sector for lost wages in the event of job loss; (ii) April 26, Informal sector workers who have lost their jobs due to the ongoing crisis will be given the opportunity to participate in public-works projects for a subsistence wage or receive food worth 25% of local daily wage should they choose not to participate; (iii) May 28, The budget speech for fiscal year 2020/21 includes additional measures in the area of job creation (labor intensive in the construction sector, and training for work in manufacturing and service sectors). Some specfic measures include (a) Daily wagers in the informal sector who choose not to be included in either food-for-work or cash-for-work modalities will still be entitled to food worth one-fourth of minimum wage receivable; (b) Electricity bills will be completely waived for households consuming up to 10 units per month; a 25% discount on electricity bills for households consuming up to 150 units of electricity per month; and a 15% discount on electricity bills for households consuming up to 250 units per month; (c) Electricity demand charge during the nationwide lockdown to be waived for industries affected by COVID-19 pandemic; industries will be entitled to a 50% discount on electricity bills during low demand; (d) Government to deposit employer and employees’ social security contribution to SSF during the period of nationwide lockdown; (e) Prime Minister Employment Program will be further expanded across all three tiers of governments. Under this program, an additional 200,000 jobs will be generated; (f) Skill enhancement training programs to be launched at federal and provincial levels so that Nepali workers can fill in employment opportunities created with the departure of foreign migrant workers due to COVID-19 pandemic. It is expected that this initiative will generate an additional 50,000 jobs; (g) An additional 40,000 jobs will be generated through Small Farmers’ Credit Program operated via Small Farmers’ Development Micro Finance Institutions.

Nepal 09 09 - International Assistance Provided NPR
Nepal 09A 09A - Swaps NPR
Nepal 09B 09B - International loans/grants NPR
Nepal 11 11 - Other Economic Measures NPR NRB. https://www.nrb.org.np/contents/uploads/2020/04/Circular10-2076-77_20200401_0001.pdf (accessed 6 July 2020).

April 1: (i) The security requirement of 10% of L/C value (Document value) for the import of COVID-related medical supplies and equipment has been waived; (ii) Parents/guardians can send USD500 per student to meet their living expenses abroad even without a NO OBJECTION LETTER.

Nepal 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NPR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020). Business World. http://www.businessworld.in/article/Nepal-re-enforces-lockdown-as-COVID-19-cases-surge/05-08-2020-305469/ (accessed 6 August 2020); The Kathmandu Post. https://kathmandupost.com/politics/2020/08/12/nepal-braces-for-a-return-to-locked-down-life-as-rise-in-covid-19-cases-rings-alarm-bells (accessed 13 August 2020); Nepali Times. https://www.nepalitimes.com/latest/repatriation-regular-flights-to-nepal-to-resume/ (accessed 26 August 2020); Online Khabar. https://english.onlinekhabar.com/nepal-extends-suspension-on-long-route-transport-domestic-flights-until-sept-16.html (accessed 31 August 2020).

April: (i) Closure of cinema halls, stadiums, health clubs, museums, bars and other recreational places and public transportation until July 22; (ii) Closure of land-border crossings; June: (iii) Nationwide lockdown until July 22; (iv) Ban on domestic and international flights (except chartered flights) until July 22; (v) The government began easing the lockdown on June 12, allowing shops to open; (vi) Government, private offices, and banks have reopened from June 15, with government staff working in shifts; (vii) Private vehicles are allowed to operate on an alternating odd-even license-plate-number basis, corresponding to the calendar date; (viii) July 20, The government announced that the national lockdown will be lifted. Services, such as hotels and restaurants, will resume operations from July 30. All flights and transportation will be resumed from August 17. Tourism activities including travel, trekking, mountaineering will also resume operations from August 17. However, recreational activities including parties, seminars, and other public gatherings continue to be restricted. Educational institutions, recreational centers, religious centers, gyms, libraries, museums, and zoos will be closed until further notice; (ix) August 5, The Nepal government has enforced partial lockdown to full lockdown in various parts of the country as cases of coronavirus infection and fatalities continued to soar. The Home Ministry released a list of 14 districts: six districts will be facing a complete restriction in movement, while eight would remain under partial lockdown; (x) August 11, Other containment measures include restrictions on domestic and international passenger flights until August 31; long distance buses will now be allowed to ply from September 1; all educational institutions including schools, colleges, tuition centres and training centers will remain closed. No date for their opening has been announced; restaurants have been limited to takeaway services and all non-essential services like salons, shopping malls, theatres must remain closed; opening of hotels which was supposed to start on August 17, has been pushed back by 15 days; (xi) August 25, The government announced that it will resume flights to repatriate Nepali workers stranded abroad until 31 August. After that, airlines will be allowed to operate limited regular international flights. The government has also reversed its earlier requirement that all passengers, even those with PCR reports, have to spend at least one week in a hotel quarantine in Kathmandu at their own expense. Passengers with PCR negative reports will now be allowed to go home for 14 day self-isolation; (xii) August 31, The government has extended the suspension on long-route transportation and domestic flights until September 16. International flights will resume on September 1, but only for Nepalis and diplomats (no foreign tourists). The government also decided to continue the suspension on the operation of schools, colleges and academic institutions until September 16.

Sri Lanka 05 05 - Health and income support LKR 41,473,926,000 224,114,720
Sri Lanka 05A 05A - Health support LKR 2,845,151,000 15,374,484 News.lk https://news.lk/news/politics/item/29845-president-pledges-usd-5m-to-saarc-corona-emergency-fund (accessed 26 June 2020); SLRM. Covid-10 policy responses repository as of 2 July 2020.

(i) March 23, President Gotabaya Rajapaksa has pledged USD5 million (0.01% of GDP) to the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) COVID-19 Emergency Fund; (ii) No amount/estimate: Steps were taken to increase the health system capacity; the government scaled up testing services; (ii) LKR100 million from the Presidential fund was used to establish a special fund for containment, mitigation and social welfare spending, inviting local and foreign tax-free donations. The primary focus of the fund is facilitating the containment of COVID-19 including, purchasing medication, medical equipment and capacity expansion; (iii) June 30, The government has allocated up to LKR1.2 billion (0.01% of GDP) for preventive measures.