Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 05 05 - Health and income support AFN 40,700,000,000 517,207,927 UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

According to the mid-year budget revision to be submitted to parliament in September, authorities envisage a total of 2.9% of GDP for pandemic-related spending, with about 15% directed to health.

Afghanistan 05A 05A - Health support AFN 6,200,000,000 78,788,431 UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

(i) As of 27 August 2020, The government has so far allocated AFN6.2 billion in the budget for emergency health needs, such as (a) establishing testing labs, including at border crossings, (b) boosting hospitalization and care capacity, and (c) procuring the most critical medical supplies.

Afghanistan 05B 05B - Income support AFN 32,200,000,000 409,191,530
Afghanistan 05B1 05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes AFN UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

(i) No amount/estimate: 20 March 2020, The government extended filing deadlines, initially to 3 April, now to 5 July for individual and business taxpayers; (ii) No amount/estimate: 20 March 2020, The government deferred the payment of taxes for all individuals and businesses for two months, until 20 May 2020.

Afghanistan 05B2 05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction AFN
Afghanistan 05B3 05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households AFN 32,200,000,000 409,191,530 UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

As of 27 August 2020, the following amounts have been spent/included in the budget amendment: (i) AFN20.8 billion for the provision of social relief packages – cash transfers or in-kind – to support vulnerable households. Waived electricity bills of less than AFN1,000 for a family residence in Kabul for two months and paid utility bills of the past two months for 50% of households in Kabul; (ii) AFN2.8 billion for the provision of wheat and flatbread to IDPs and daily wage earners; (iii) AFN1.7 billion for a wheat purchase program; (iv) AFN6.9 billion to support farmers as well as other short-term laborers.

Afghanistan 05B4 05B4 - Subsidies to businesses AFN
Afghanistan 05B5 05B5 - Indirect income support AFN
Afghanistan 05B6 05B6 - No breakdown (income support) AFN
Afghanistan 05C 05C - No breakdown (health and income support) AFN 2,300,000,000 29,227,966 UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

27 August 2020, AFN2.3 billion in transfers to provinces to finance their COVID-19 responses.

Afghanistan 08 08 - International Assistance Received AFN 189,094,578,743 2,402,978,258
Afghanistan 08A 08A - Swaps AFN
Afghanistan 08B 08B - International loans/grants AFN 189,094,578,743 2,402,978,258
Afghanistan 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank AFN 11,329,252,111 143,970,000 ADB Table A1.2: Sovereign Lending and Asian Development Fund Grant Operations, Table A1.4: Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund and Technical Assistance, Table A1.5: Country Support under TA 9550-REG. (all accessed 5 February 2021)

(i) Country Support under TA 9950-REG: Regional Support to Address the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Potential Outbreaks of Other Communicable Diseases - USD3.18 million [update]; (ii) 11 May 2020, USD40 million Emergency Assistance for COVID-19 Pandemic Response; (iii) 3 June 2020, Developing a Disaster Risk Transfer Facility in the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Region (Additional Financing) - USD0.07million; (iv) 13 July 2020, Addressing Health Threats in the Central, West, and East Asia Region - USD0.38 million; (v) 24 July 2020, Due Diligence and Capacity Development of Trade Finance Program Banks - USD0.10 million; (vi) 18 November 2020, Supporting Startup Ecosystem in the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Region to Mitigate Impact of COVID-19 and Support Economic Revival - USD 0.05 million; (vii) 26 November 2020, Addressing Health Threats in the Central, West, and East Asia Region (Additional Financing) - USD0.04 million; (viii) 6 December 2020, COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program - USD100 million; (ix) 22 December 2020, Support to Public Debt Management - USD0.15 million.

Afghanistan 08B2 08B2 - Other AFN 177,765,326,632 2,259,008,258 IMF. https://bit.ly/2Vk0uFb (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/04/29/pr20193-afghanistan-imf-executive-board-approves-disbursement-to-address-the-covid-19; World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/02/world-bank-fast-tracks-100-million-covid-19-support-for-afghanistan (both accessed 1 May 2020). WB. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/07/world-bank-approves-400-million-to-sustain-afghanistans-reform-momentum-mitigate-covid-19-crisis (accessed 14 May 2020). USAID. https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/coronavirus/fact-sheets/update-united-states-continues-lead-global-response-covid-19 (accessed 1 June 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/07/09/world-bank-200-million-for-afghanistan-to-protect-people-support-businesses-amid-covid-19 (accessed 24 July 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/08/04/afghanistan-new-grants-to-cushion-impact-of-covid-19-on-poor-households-and-protect-food-security (accessed 7 August 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/08/14/pr20282-islamic-republic-of-afghanistan-imf-eaches-a-staff-level-agreement-on-an-ecf-arrangement (accessed 21 August 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/09/28/world-bank-100-million-to-stabilize-afghanistans-financial-sector-and-spur-economic-recovery (accessed 2 October 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/11/06/pr20334-afghanistan-imf-executive-board-approves-a-us-370m-ecf-arrangement-to-support (accessed 12 November 2020). Channel News Asia. https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asia/covid-19-covax-pledged-112-million-vaccines-afghanistan-14045084 (accessed 28 January 2021)

(i) 14 April 2020 - 13 Oct 2020, IMF Catastrophe Containment And Relief Trust-Grant Assistance For Debt Service Relief, SDR2.4 million (SDR0.729/USD); (ii) 2 April 2020, The World Bank approved a USD100.4 million grant for the Afghanistan COVID-19 Emergency Response and Health Systems Preparedness Project to help Afghanistan take effective action to respond to the threat posed by COVID-19 and strengthen its public health preparedness; (iii) The IMF approved Afghanistan’s request for emergency assistance in the amount of USD220 million under the Rapid Credit Facility; (iv) With the support of the World Bank, other development partners, and humanitarian agencies, the authorities are developing a social relief package-through cash transfers and, if impractical, in kind-to support food security among socially vulnerable households. On April 29, the government started providing free bread to about 2.5 million needy and poor people in Kabul. This amount is also reflected in item (ii) of Measure 5B3; (v) 7 May 2020, USD400 million grant from the World Bank to support the country in managing risks and uncertainties compounded by the COVID-19 crisis; (vi) 26 May 2020, USD20.6 million from USAID, broken down into: (a) USD7.1 million for health and IDA humanitarian assistance, (b) USD3.1 million in MRA humanitarian assistance for Afghan returnees, (c) USD10 million from redirecting existing resources to support Afghanistan's health response, (d) USD500,000 to procure COVID-19 prevention and control supplies for correctional facilities; (vii) 9 July 2020, USD200 million to help Afghanistan mitigate COVID-19 impacts and provide relief to vulnerable people and businesses. USD100 million comes from the International Development Association (IDA), the World Bank Group's fund for the poorest countries, and the balance from the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF), managed by the World Bank on behalf of 34 donors; (viii) 4 August 2020, USD280 million for the COVID-19 Relief Effort for Afghan Communities and Households (REACH) Project, with USD155 million from the IDA, and the balance from the ARTF; (ix) 4 August 2020, USD100 million for the Emergency Agriculture and Food Supply Project (EATS), with USD55 million from the IDA, and the balance from the ARTF; (x) 14 August 2020, IMF staff and the Afghanistan authorities have reached a staff-level agreement on an economic reform program to be supported by a new three-and-half year USD364 million Extended Credit Facility (ECF); (xi) 28 September 2020, USD100 million from the World Bank to stabilize the financial sector and spur economic recovery; (xii) 2 October 2020, USD3.38 million from the 2nd tranche of the Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust; (xiii) 6 November 2020, SDR259.04 million from the IMF under the Extended Credit Facility to support the country's economic reform program as it recovers from the pandemic; (xiv) 26 January 2021, USD112 million from The World Health Organization’s COVAX programme for COVID-19 vaccines to reach 20% of Afghanistan’s population. [update]

Arab Republic of Egypt 05 05 - Health and income support EGP 110,856,000,000 7,054,164,325 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).
Arab Republic of Egypt 05A 05A - Health support EGP 9,083,900,000 578,041,092 Ahram Online. http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/388732/Egypt/Politics-/EGP--million-disbursed-to-support-doctors-infected.aspx (accessed 29 October 2020). OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) 22 March 2020, EGP8 billion has been allocated to support the healthcare sector, targeted at providing urgent and necessary medical supplies, and disbursing bonuses for medical staff working in quarantine hospitals and labs; (ii) 22 March 2020, To support medical professionals, including doctors working in university hospitals, a 75% allowance over the wages has been announced; (iii) 24 March 2020, EGP1 billion (USD63.5 million) additional funding was announced, specifically for health services and various measures to increase the country’s capacity to absorb the sudden increase of critical patients that the outbreak might bring; (iv) 2 April 2020, additional USD7.9 million designated for emergency response activities related to the COVID-19 outbreak; (v) 19 October 2020, The Egyptian Doctors Syndicate announced that it has disbursed EGP71 million to support almost 3,600 doctors who have been infected by the coronavirus since February. The syndicate added that it also disbursed EGP5 million to support the families of the doctors who died of COVID-19.

Arab Republic of Egypt 05B 05B - Income support EGP 100,600,000,000 6,401,538,312
Arab Republic of Egypt 05B1 05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes EGP World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: The moratorium on the tax law on agricultural land has been extended for 2 years; (ii) No amount/estimate: Capital gains tax has been postponed until further notice; (iii) No amount/estimate: Three months extension for the payment of property taxes for companies in the industrial and tourism sector; (iv) No amount/estimate: Extension of the individuals’ annual tax return filing deadline to 16 April instead of 31 March, and exemption of the tax returns online filing subscription fee for the use of the Egyptian Tax Authority online filing portal; (v) No amount/estimate: A Corona tax of 1% on all public and private sector salaries and 0.5% on state pensions have been imposed, the proceeds of which are earmarked for sectors and SMEs most affected by the pandemic;

Arab Republic of Egypt 05B2 05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction EGP 5,300,000,000 337,257,983 Egyptian Customs Authority. https://customs.gov.eg/Media/News/Details/18aa02e5-3c2c-4686-ac2f-c020e8982926 (accessed 24 September 2020). Central Bank of Egypt. https://www.cbe.org.eg/en/Pages/HighlightsPages/Circular-dated-21-June-2020-regarding-extending-the-period-of-exempting-local-transfers-in-EGP-from-all-fees-&-commissions-.aspx (accessed 24 June 2020). World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: The stamp duty on transactions and tax on dividends have been reduced; (ii) 17 June 2020, EGP5.3 billion in exemptions to natural gas consumers from penalty fine for late payments; (iii) No amount/estimate: 21 June 2020, Extended until 15 September 2020, the exemption from all fees & commissions for local transfers in EGP. On 15 September 2020, this was again extended until 21 December 2020; (iv) 18 September 2020, Reduction in customs duties by rates exceeding 50% of their current levels on some components of the furniture, petrochemical and durable electrical appliances industries such as refrigerators and televisions, as well as for mass transit vehicles and vehicle supply stations with electric and gas power.

Arab Republic of Egypt 05B3 05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households EGP 3,300,000,000 209,990,819 Ministry of Social Solidarity. https://www.moss.gov.eg/ar-eg/Pages/news-details.aspx?nid=2003 (accessed 19 November 2020), https://www.moss.gov.eg/ar-eg/Pages/news-details.aspx?nid=1917 (accessed 17 September 2020); Ministry of Petroleum. https://www.petroleum.gov.eg/ar-eg/media-center/news/news-pages/Pages/mop_02092020_02.aspx (accessed 17 September 2020). World Bank. https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/covid-19-finance-sector-related-policy-responses (accessed 7 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020). Daily News Egypt. https://dailynewsegypt.com/2020/10/21/prime-minister-approves-salary-rise-for-egyptian-teachers/ (accessed 5 November 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: 22 March 2020, Pension benefits have been increased by 14%; (ii) No amount/estimate: 22 March 2020, Expansion of the targeted cash transfer social programs, Takaful and Karama, are also being extended to reach more families; (iii) No amount/estimate: 22 March 2020, A targeted support initiative for irregular workers in most severely hit sectors has been announced, which will entail EGP500 in monthly grants for 3 months; (iv) EGP50 million allocated by the Ministry of Workforce for irregular workers, including women, who lost their job due to the coronavirus; (v) No amount/estimate: 23 July 2020, the new consumer spending initiative will also include discounts on selected consumer goods, the details of which are yet to be announced; Bonus for workers in the petroleum sector worth 12% of the basic wage for a worker on 30 June 2020, with a minimum of EGP75 added to the basic wage. Bonus for workers in the workers in "the shareholding corporate sector" side of the petroleum industry get a bonus worth 12% of their basic wages with a minimum of EGP75 and a maximum of EGP300; (vi) EGP500 support total for tour guides. Disbursement begins with an EGP100 disbursement on 8 September 2020; (vii) 10 October 2020, EGP2.3 billion in support to state employees through salary hikes between EGP50 and EGP55; (viii) 27 October 2020, EGP1 billion to support equal educational opportunities for students. This includes support for one million school students from families who have been rejected from the Takaful program, bringing the total number of students who are supported to 4.4 million students, of whom 2.4 million students are supported through the Takaful program and 2 million students are rejected from the program.

Arab Republic of Egypt 05B4 05B4 - Subsidies to businesses EGP 51,000,000,000 3,245,312,663 Arab News. https://www.arabnews.com/node/1787126/business-economy (accessed 4 January 2020); Ministry of Petroleum. https://www.petroleum.gov.eg/ar-eg/media-center/news/news-pages/Pages/mop_17062020_01.aspx (accessed 19 June 2020). OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) EGP1 billion in arrears will be paid out to exporters; (ii) No amount/estimate: 22 March 2020, Energy costs have been lowered for the entire industrial sector; (iii) No amount/estimate: 22 March 2020, Real estate tax relief has been provided for industrial and tourism sectors, (iv) No amount/estimate: 22 March 2020, Subsidy pay-out for exporters has been stepped up, and discount on fuel price has been announced for the aviation sector; (v) 22 March 2020, EGP50 billion of the EGP91 billion stimulus has been announced for the tourism sector, which contributes close to 12% of Egypt’s GDP, 10% of employment, and almost 4% of GDP in terms of receipts, as of 2019; (vi) EGP1 billion in arrears will be paid out by The Export Subsidy Fund in March and April 2020, plus 10% in cash payments to exporters in June 2020; (vii) No amount/estimate: 4 January 2020, Government will bear the financing for the loan on the same date in Measure 3A until the airline can report to 80% of its pre-COVID capacity.

Arab Republic of Egypt 05B5 05B5 - Indirect income support EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 05B6 05B6 - No breakdown (income support) EGP 41,000,000,000 2,608,976,847 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

Multiple packages have been announced by the government to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19, totalling about EGP91 billion for nonhealth measures, EGP41 billion of which have no breakdown. This is part of the EGP102.18 billion (1.8% of GDP) announced on 22 March 2020 as the total of stimulus policies to be enacted by the government to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19.

Arab Republic of Egypt 05C 05C - No breakdown (health and income support) EGP 1,172,100,000 74,584,921 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

Measure 5C covers the remaining measure amount from the EGP102.18 billion with no breakdown.

Arab Republic of Egypt 08 08 - International Assistance Received EGP 221,780,138,737 14,112,664,562
Arab Republic of Egypt 08A 08A - Swaps EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 08B 08B - International loans/grants EGP 221,780,138,737 14,112,664,562
Arab Republic of Egypt 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 08B2 08B2 - Other EGP 221,780,138,737 14,112,664,562 European Investment Bank. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-409-team-europe-eib-and-banque-misr-work-together-to-support-private-businesses-and-speed-up-the-recovery-of-smes-from-covid-19-in-egypt (accessed 14 January 2021); Egypt Today. https://www.egypttoday.com/Article/1/95353/South-Korea-delivers-medical-supplies-worth-500K-to-support-Egypt (accessed 7 January 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/who-and-uk-commit-1m-to-support-egypt-in-against-covid-19 (accessed 7 January 2020); Arab News. https://www.arabnews.com/node/1776331/business-economy (accessed 14 December 2020); Arab Finance. https://www.arabfinance.com/en/news/details/egypt-economy/528272 (accessed 19 November 2020); Egypt Independent. https://egyptindependent.com/egypt-receives-us9-5-million-grant-from-japan-to-fight-covid-19/ (accessed 22 October 2020). https://www.egyptindependent.com/egypts-sisi-issues-decree-to-approve-2-7-billion-imf-funding-agreement-for-combating-coronavirus-impact/ (accessed 8 October 2020). Daily News Egypt. https://dailynewsegypt.com/2020/09/04/eib-nbe-sign-e-800m-financing-agreement-to-ensure-resilient-post-covid-19-recovery-for-smes/ (accessed 17 September 2020). United Nations Development Programme. https://www.eg.undp.org/content/egypt/en/home/presscenter/pressreleases/2020/government-of-japan-and-undp-commit-to-addressing-socio-economic.html (accessed 27 August 2020). Arab Monetary Fund. https://www.amf.org.ae/en/content/arab-monetary-fund-extends-arab-republic-egypt-new-loan-within-framework-structural (accessed 30 July 2020). African Development Bank Group. https://www.afdb.org/en/news-and-events/press-releases/egypt-african-development-bank-approves-225-million-euros-budget-support-loan-electricity-sector-bolster-economic-resilience-and-sustainability-amid-covid-19-36237 (accessed 19 June 2020), https://www.afdb.org/en/news-and-events/press-releases/egypt-african-development-bank-approves-emergency-relief-aid-tackle-food-insecurity-vulnerable-workers-whose-livelihoods-are-impacted-covid-19-35832 (accessed 28 May 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/05/17/egypt-world-bank-provides-us-50-million-in-support-of-coronavirus-emergency-response-under-new-fast-track-facility (accessed 21 May 2020). World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/06/16/egypt-world-bank-provides-us-400-million-in-support-of-universal-health-insurance-system#:~:text=WASHINGTON%20DC%2C%20June%2016%2C%202020,health%20outcomes%20of%20its%20citizens. (accessed 18 June 2020) https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/04/02/egypt-world-bank-provides-us79-million-in-support-of-coronavirus-covid-19-emergency-response (accessed 7 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/06/05/pr20236-egypt-imf-reaches-staff-level-agreement-on-12-month-us-billion-stand-by-arrangement (accessed 11 June 2020), https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/06/26/pr20248-egypt-imf-executive-board-approves-12-month-us-5-2billion-stand-by-arrangement (accessed 09 July 2020).

(i) 2 April 2020, USD7.9 million funds from the World Bank through activating the Contingency Emergency Response Component (CERC) under the “Transforming Egypt’s Healthcare System Project”, designated for emergency response activities related to the COVID-19 outbreak in Egypt. This measure is reflected in 5A; (ii) 11 May 2020, USD2.772 billion in emergency support from the International Monetary Fund to address the COVID-19 Pandemic. As of 1 October 2020, the agreement was ratified by the President of Egypt; (iii) 17 May 2020, USD50 million in World Bank aid for Egypt as an emergency response under the new Fast Track COVID-19 Facility; (iv) 27 May 2020, USD0.5 million emergency assistance grant from the African Development Bank Group to Egypt to provide food relief, and to contribute to restoring the livelihood of vulnerable populations severely affected by the pandemic; (v) 5 June 2020, USD5.2 billion Stand-By Arrangement were agreed upon by Egyptian Authorities and the International Monetary Fund, aiming to alleviate the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, helping maintain macroeconomic stability, strengthen the social safety net, and support reforms to spur private-sector-led growth and job creation. On 26 June 2020, this was approved by IMF's Executive Board; (vi) 16 June 2020, USD400 million provided by the World Bank as support for the Universal Health Insurance System, to protect the most vulnerable from high health expenses due to the pandemic; (vii) 17 June 2020, the African Development Bank Group approved a EUR225 million loan to finance Egypt’s Electricity and Green Growth Support Program (EGGSP). The funding will help meet the Government of Egypt’s financing requirements in the light of the COVID-19 pandemic, and support a sound electricity infrastructure base; (viii) 29 July 2020, the Arab Monetary Fund extended a USD639 million credit facility to help the country reform its public finance sector amid the COVID-19 pandemic; (ix) 25 August 2020, USD2.73 million grant from the Government of Japan and UNDP to address the Socio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 in Egypt through human security approach; (x) 3 September 2020, the Finance Ministry announced that Egype signed a USD2 billion conventional and islamic loan with several international and regional banks. This is meant to close the gap in its 2020/2021 budget wrought by the COVID-19 pandemic; (xi) Egypt’s National Bank of Egypt (NBE) and the European Investment Bank (EIB) have signed an agreement worth EUR1.9 billion, where EUR1.1 billion will be provided for the transport sector and EUR800 million for SMEs; (xii) 21 October 2020, USD9.5 million grant from Japan to support the health sector against coronavirus; (xiii) 5 November 2020, USD112.5 million worth of agreements between the US and Egypt amid the pandemic, in various sectors such as health, higher education, and scientific research; (xiv) 12 December 2020, USD96 million support from the EU in two tranches to combat the coronavirus pandemic; (xv) 14 December 2020, the United Kingdom is committing USD1,238,102 through the World Health Organization to strengthen Egypt’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and allow the WHO to provide essential medical supplies and e-training to staff, among others; (xvi) 15 December 2020, South Korea delivers medical supplies worth USD0.5 million to support Egypt's anti-COVID response activities; (xvii) 31 December 2020, the European Investment Bank is providing Banque Misr with a EUR425 million credit line to support Egyptian private small and medium-sized enterprises that have been impacted by the coronavirus pandemic, and boost their ability to lead the economic recovery in the country.

Argentina 05 05 - Health and income support ARS 169,284,000,000 2,697,752,988
Argentina 05A 05A - Health support ARS 6,000,000,000 95,617,530 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 5 May 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/el-gobierno-extendio-el-subsidio-de-contencion-familiar-dispuesto-en-2006 (accessed 14 August 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/227193/20200327 (accessed 25 September 2020). MENAFN. https://menafn.com/1101062851/Argentina-inks-deal-with-Russia-to-purchase-25-mln-doses-of-coronavirus-vaccine&source=30 (accessed 06 November 2020).

(i) authorized ARS 6 billion to Argentine provinces to strengthen municipal health systems and finances; (ii) increase in budget items for therapeutic communities, homes with coexistence and homes for care and community accompaniments; (iii) No amount/estimate: 8 August 2020, Established a subsidy of ARS 15,000 for the relatives of people who died due to COVID-19, who at the time of their death, were unemployed, worked in the informal economy or were monotaxists; (iv) No amount/estimate: 15 September 2020, Extended the Stimulus Allowance for Healthcare workers by 90 days and expanded the scope of the allowance to reach 700,000 people when before it reached 500,000. This is a monthly 5,000 Peso allowance for healthcare workers. (v) No amount/estimate: 3 November 2020, purchase of 25 million doses of Russian COVID-19 vaccine "Sputnik V".

Argentina 05B 05B - Income support ARS 163,284,000,000 2,602,135,458
Argentina 05B1 05B1 - Tax and contribution deferrals and policy changes ARS
Argentina 05B2 05B2 - Tax and contribution rates reduction ARS Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 May 2020, 19 June 2020, 26, June).

(i) 1 May 2020, declared that Emergency Family Income (IFE), Universal Child Allowance (AUH), and the Complementary Salary (SC) are not taxable as part of gross income; (ii) No amount/estimate: June 9, exempted temporarily from payment of income tax for overtime, guards and additional personnel of Health, Armed, and Security Forces and other activities related to the health emergency; (iii) exempted the payment of employment contributions to sectors criticaly affected by the coronavirus pandemic;

Argentina 05B3 05B3 - Subsidies to individuals and households ARS Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 May 2020, 19 June 2020, 26, June). Argentine Government. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/234035/20200825 (accessed 28 August 2020).Argentine Government. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/227120/20200325?busqueda=1 (accessed 25 September 2020).

(i) created an Emergency Family Income (IFE) to compensate the loss or serious decrease in the income of people linked to the informal sector; (ii) implemented Universal Child Allowance (AUH) and Universal Pregnancy Allowance (AUE) payments, worth ARS3,103 per month for each child; (iii) increased the monthly non-remunerative financial to temporary workers in the agricultural and agro-industrial sectors; (iv) suspended fees and commissions for ATM operations (deposits, withdrawals, inquiries, etc.) through June 30, 2020; (v) reinforced unemployment insurance; (vi) ordered an extraordinary payment to the holders of the Food Card; (vii) May 1, established emergency economic assistance within the framework of the Self-Managed Work Program; (viii) No amount/estimate: 12 May 2020, required Banks to refund fees ass (ix) No amount/estimate: 18 May 2020, announced an increase of 6.12% for all retirees and pensioners according to the scale of the pyramid, which brings the minimum retirement to 16,864 pesos and the maximum credit to 113,479 pesos, also includes increases in non-contributory pensions, the Universal Child Allowance, the Universal Pregnancy Allowance and the Family Allowances;ociated with the National Social Security Administration (ANSES) and Emergency Family Income (IFE) benefit; (x) No amount/estimate: 5 June 2020, ordered payment of 3 thousand pesos for those under the Empower Work Program and did not receive IFE; (xi) No amount/estimate: 9 June 2020, national government extended the right to double compensation for individuals who are dismissed from their jobs without just cause; (xii) No amount/estimate: created assistance programs for individuals with disabilities affected by COVID-19; (xiii) No amount/estimate: 18 June 2020, extended until September 30 the suspension of the collection of all charges to operate in ATMs; (xiv) No amount/estimate: 22 June 2020, increase of ARS3000 in the monthly non-contributory financial aid under Training and Employment Insurance; (xv) 24 August 2020, an increase of 7.50% for pension benefits as of September; (xvi) September 20, utilities with up to 7 months of past-due payments from March 1 2020 onwards cannot be discontinued.

Argentina 05B4 05B4 - Subsidies to businesses ARS Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 May 2020)

No amount/estimate: 5 May 2020, expanded the Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production to cover more companies and activities.

Argentina 05B5 05B5 - Indirect income support ARS 149,171,000,000 2,377,227,092 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 May 2020, 19 June 2020, 26, June). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/guzman-y-de-pedro-firmaron-con-el-gobernador-de-mendoza-un-nuevo-acuerdo-del-fondo (accessed 03 Jul 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/mas-de-300-millones-de-pesos-para-poner-en-marcha-el-programa-potenciar-trabajo-en-cordoba (accessed 03 July 2020). Official Bulletin of Argentina. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/231883/20200708 (accessed 17 July 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/el-presidente-anuncio-obras-para-chaco-misiones-cordoba-la-pampa-y-salta-por-20-mil (accessed 28 August 2020). Argentine Govenrment. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/236440/20201023?anexos=1 (accessed 23 October 2020).

(i) Increased budget for public investment in road works, economic infrastructure, construction and renovation of houses, schools, kindergartens, and tourism by ARS100 billion; (ii) No amount/estimate: 11 May 2020, updated the amounts of economic aid provided under the Job Insertion Program; (iii) 14 May 2020, ARS29 billion federal program which includes the construction of 5,500 new homes, the financing of 42,900 parts that include gas, electricity and sanitary infrastructure works, the granting of microcredits for the acquisition of construction materials and the carrying out of small-scale works, as well as the conditioning of community spaces in popular neighborhoods. Estimated to generate 750 thousand direct and indirect jobs between 2020 and 2021; (iv) 22 May 2020, ARS21 million for the acquisition of 70,000 new computers, within the framework of the federal connectivity program "Juana Manso" that carries out the educational portfolio. (v) 15 July 2020, extended until October 2020 loan benefits under the Emergency Assistance to Work and Production (ATP) program for the performing arts sector; (vi) 19 August 2020, ARS20 billion to rehabilitate the infrastructure projects in the provinces of Chaco, Misiones, Córdoba, La Pampa and Salta; (vii) 22 October 2020, ARS150 million under the Development Fund under the MInistry of Culture to grant economic support to cultural spaces.

Argentina 05B6 05B6 - No breakdown (income support) ARS 14,113,000,000 224,908,367 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 May 2020, 19 June 2020, 26, June). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/guzman-y-de-pedro-firmaron-con-el-gobernador-de-mendoza-un-nuevo-acuerdo-del-fondo (accessed 03 Jul 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/mas-de-300-millones-de-pesos-para-poner-en-marcha-el-programa-potenciar-trabajo-en-cordoba (accessed 03 July 2020). Official Bulletin of Argentina. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/231883/20200708 (accessed 17 July 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/el-gobierno-nacional-firmo-acuerdos-de-asistencia-financiera-con-jujuy-la-rioja-tierra-0 (accessed 24 July 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/arroyo-y-capitanich-firmaron-la-implementacion-del-potenciar-trabajo-en-chaco (accessed 31 July 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/233459/20200811 (accessed 14 August 2020). Argentine Government. https://www.argentina.gob.ar/noticias/el-presidente-anuncio-obras-para-chaco-misiones-cordoba-la-pampa-y-salta-por-20-mil (accessed 28 August 2020). Argentine Govenrment. https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/primera/236440/20201023?anexos=1 (accessed 23 October 2020).

(i) Established Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production for employers and workers affected by the health emergency; (ii) 12 June 2020, ARS900 million, emergency measures to face the COVID-19 pandemic and its sanitary, economic and housing consequences; (iii) 28 June 2020, ARS1.9 billion grant to province of Mendoza under the the Trust Fund for Financial Development; (iv) 30 June 2020, ARS313 million to launch the Program to Promote Work in the province of Cordova; (v) 7 July 2020, ARS4 billion budget for 2020 to support the reactivation and completion of National Housing Plan projects; (vi) 16 July 2020, ARS6.4 billion for the provinces of Jujuy, La Rioja, Tierra del Fuego, and Salta under the Trust Fund for Provincial Development (FFDP); (vii) 27 July 2020, ARS500 million for the program "Empower Work" in Chaco; (viii) 7 August 2020, ARS100 million for Created the Program for the Promotion of Work, Rooting and Local Supply (PROTAAL).

Argentina 05C 05C - No breakdown (health and income support) ARS
Argentina 08 08 - International Assistance Received ARS 37,650,000,000 600,000,000
Argentina 08A 08A - Swaps ARS Central Bank of the Republic of Argentina. https://www.bcra.gob.ar/Noticias/nuevo-acuerdo-swap-banco-republica-popular-china.asp (accessed 14 August 2020).

No amount/estimate: 6 August 2020, Signed a currency swap agreements with the Bank of the People's Republic of CHINA (PBC). The new agreements will be valid for 3 years.