|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Afghanistan||05||05 - Health and income support||AFN||43,571,630,000||553,700,060||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 17 September 2020).||
According to the mid-year budget revision to be submitted to parliament in September, authorities envisage a total of 2.9% of GDP for pandemic-related spending, with about 15% directed to health.
|Afghanistan||05A||05A - Health support||AFN||6,535,744,500||83,055,009||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).||
(i) The government has so far allocated AFN1.9 billion (0.1% of GDP) in the budget for emergency health needs, such as (a) establishing testing labs, including at border crossings, (b) setting up special wards to boost hospitalization and care capacity, and (c) procuring the most critical medical supplies.
|Afghanistan||05B||05B - Income support||AFN||37,035,885,500||470,645,051||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 26 June 2020).||
No amount/estimate: To ease tax compliance, the government extended filing deadlines, initially to May 20, now to July 5 for individual and business taxpayers.
|Afghanistan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AFN|
|Afghanistan||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||AFN|
|Afghanistan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AFN|
|Armenia||05||05 - Health and income support||AMD||30,000,000,000||61,348,610|
|Armenia||05A||05A - Health support||AMD|
|Armenia||05B||05B - Income support||AMD||30,000,000,000||61,348,610||Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/193112/pashinyan-unveils-economic-aid-package-amid-state-of-emergency/ (accessed 16 April 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: Subsidize the interest rates of co-financed loans for companies that borrow money from Armenian banks in the national currency to pay salaries, taxes, bills and purchase raw materials; (ii) a package of AMD30 billion (over USD60 million) for urgent social assistance for the impoverished. See Measure 9: No breakdown.
|Armenia||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AMD|
|Armenia||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||AMD|
|Armenia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AMD|
|Azerbaijan||05||05 - Health and income support||AZN||1,206,850,000||709,911,765|
|Azerbaijan||05A||05A - Health support||AZN||58,300,000||34,294,118||Ministry of Emergency Situations. http://www.fhn.gov.az/index.php?eng/news/xeber/2020/7/6/36724//1 (accessed 17 July 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://cabmin.gov.az/az/article/969/ (accessed 07 August 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: July 6, Installation of 10 modular hospital complexes in various regions of the country. It is expected to create 2,000 additional beds for the treatment of coronavirus patients; (ii) August 6, The government reported that medical personnel involved in the fight against COVID-19 received increased salaries from March to June. 64,038 medical staff have so far received salaries of AZN58.3 million; (iii) August 6, The government reported that 215 medical staff with extensive experience in COVID-19 from Turkey, the Russian Federation, People's Republic of China, Italy, and Cuba were brought to the country to work with Azerbaijan's medical personnel.
|Azerbaijan||05B||05B - Income support||AZN||1,148,550,000||675,617,647||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Caspian News. https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/azerbaijan-takes-measures-to-mitigate-covid-19-impact-on-economy-social-life-2020-4-6-1/ (accessed 15 April 2020); European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). https://www.ebrd.com/news/2020/ebrd-and-azerbaijans-central-bank-promote-manat-lending-to-coronavirushit-firms.html (accessed 27 May 2020); Ministry of Economy. https://www.economy.gov.az/en/article/ozel-sektora-yeni-maliyye-desteyi-ve-i-qtisadiyyat-nazirinin-sahibkarlarla-onlayn-gorushunun-kechirileceyi-barede/31115 (accessed 07 August 2020); Ministry of Economy. https://www.economy.gov.az/en/article/ferdi-sahibkarlara-maliyye-desteyi-gosterilmesine-bashlanilib/31163 (accessed 12 August 2020).||
(i) April 6, AZN1 billion (USD588 million) for the government's subsidization of 10% of the interest for one year of existing company loans; (ii) No amount/estimate: April, Tax exemptions for micro-enterprises and value-added tax (VAT) exemption for some food and medicinal products, as well as the raw materials that are necessary; (iii) No amount/estimate: Lump-sum payments in the amount of living wage - AZN190 (USD112) to 200,000 unemployed citizens of the country. The payment is considered for two months. The social package aims to relieve the impact of the novel coronavirus on the social life of people by multiple tools, including creation of 50,000 paid public jobs, tuition support program for students from socially vulnerable families, financial support program for mortgage and credit guarantee mechanism, program to support communal fees, primarily for electricity consumption of the population, and financial support program for vital passenger transport activities; (iv) May 19, USD50 million, or about AZN85 million (of the USD200 million swap with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)) is allocated as support to local firms, including smaller viable enterprises experiencing temporary difficulties; (v) No amount/estimate: August 6, The government announced a financial support package for pandemic-affected industries that did not implement significant reductions in the number of employees. Financial support will be paid in equal installments in two stages, covering August and September; (vi) August 11, The government announced a second phase of financial support to individual (micro) entrepreneurs. The first phase of the program has already released AZN63.55 million of cash transfers to 106,907 individual (micro) entrepreneurs.
|Azerbaijan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AZN|
|Azerbaijan||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||AZN|
|Azerbaijan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AZN|
|European Central Bank||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||05A||05A - Health support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||05B||05B - Income support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EUR|
|European Central Bank||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||EUR|
|European Central Bank||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 18 April 2020).||
Purchases of government bonds are included in Measure 2 (Encourage Private Credit Creation). The amount could not be disaggregated from the EUR 750 billion PEPP program.
|European Union||05||05 - Health and income support||EUR||10,203,500,000||11,287,057,522|
|European Union||05A||05A - Health support||EUR||5,084,500,000||5,624,446,903||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1416 (accessed 1 August 2020); EC. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/09/11/addressing-covid-19-council-approves-6-2-billion-budget-increase-for-2020/ (accessed 12 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1671 (accessed 21 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1680 (accessed 21 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1829 (accessed 10 October 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-271-covid-19-eib-provides-eur50-million-to-navarre-to-strengthen-its-health-response-to-covid-19 (accessed 15 October 2020).||
(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion) from the EU budget. September 11, the EC agreed to add EUR6.2 billion to the EU 2020 budget to address the impact of the COVID-19-crisis and to fund inter alia the vaccine strategy. The revised budget increases payments for the Emergency Support Instrument (ESI) by EUR1.09 billion to ensure the development and deployment of a COVID-19 vaccine. The European Commission will use this money as a down-payment for pre-ordering vaccine doses. September 18, EU allocates EUR150 million for the transport of essential medical items through the ESI and entered into a contract with Sanofi-GSK to purchase up to 300 million doses of the Sanofi-GSK vaccine. ; (iv) EUR63 million, European Commission secures EU access to Remdesivir (first European treatment authorised for COVID-19); (v) No amount/estimate: October 8, the EC approved a third contract with a pharmaceutical company, Janssen Pharmaceutica NV, one of the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson. Once the vaccine has proven to be safe and effective against COVID-19, the contract allows EU Member States to purchase vaccines for 200 million people. They will also have the possibility to purchase vaccines for an additional 200 million people ; (vi) October 13, EIB is providing EUR50 million to the Autonomous Community of Navarre, Spain to strengthen its capacity to respond to the COVID-19 health crisis. The EU bank financing will enable the Spanish region to adapt its healthcare infrastructure to meet the additional costs generated by the pandemic .
|European Union||05B||05B - Income support||EUR||5,119,000,000||5,662,610,619||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 May 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_997 (accessed 12 June 2020). EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1221 (accessed 9 July 2020); ESF. https://esf.ie/en/covid-19/react-eu/ (accessed 5 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1496 (accessed 5 September 2020); UK Government. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/emergency-support-instrument-update (accessed 24 September 2020).||
(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) No amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules. On May 8, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework to recapitalization and subordinated debt measures to further support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. The amended Temporary Framework will be in place until the end of December 2020, except for recapitalization measures which has an extended period by the end of June 2021. The Commission will assess before these dates if they need to be extended. June 19, third amendment to the State aid extends Temporary Framework to enable Member States to provide public support under the Temporary Framework to all micro and small companies, even if they were already in financial difficulty on 31 December 2019; (iii) June 8, European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot fund issued grants of EUR140 million to innovative companies; (iv) June, EUR4.8 billion (in grants from the amended 2020 annual EU budget) for REACT-EU that will provide additional funding for the most important sectors that will be crucial to lay the basis for a sound recovery. This will involve investment to support job maintenance, including through short-time work schemes and support for the self-employed. The funds can also be used to support job creation and youth employment measures, to health care systems and the provision of working capital and investment support for small and medium-sized enterprises. Such support will be available across economic sectors, including for the much-affected tourism and culture sectors. The additional support will also serve to invest in the European Green Deal and digital transition, as an enhancement to the significant investment in those areas that is already taking place through EU cohesion policy.
|European Union||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EUR|
|European Union||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||EUR|
|European Union||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|Georgia||05||05 - Health and income support||GEL||3,636,500,000||1,195,929,036|
|Georgia||05A||05A - Health support||GEL||828,500,000||272,467,264||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 June 2020).||
(i) May 7, Additional funds of about GEL350 million will be directed to health spending including lab testing and quarantine expenditures as well as increased costs associated with hospitalization, medical treatment, and medical supplies. (ii) GEL478.5 million for healthcare infastructure and other virus spread prevention costs.
|Georgia||05B||05B - Income support||GEL||2,808,000,000||923,461,772||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 20 July 2020). Agenda.ge https://agenda.ge/en/news/2020/2716 (accessed 4 September 2020)||
No amount/estimate: (i) April 24, The ‘Anti-Crisis Economic Action Plan’ listed the government’s initiatives to support the population and businesses along with the measures already implemented or announced by the government, such as the payment for gas, electricity and utilities for the for users consuming up to 200 kW of electricity and/or up to 200 m3 natural gas monthly; (ii) The government introduced the State Program for Maintaining Prices of Primary Consumption Food Products. The program envisages subsidies for certain imported products to keep their local price stable (rice, pasta, buckwheat, sunflower oil, sugar, milk powder, beans, wheat, and wheat powder) for the period from 15 March to 15 May 2020; (iii) Bank loan service holidays for individuals; income and property tax holidays for hotels (until Nov 1, 2020); (iv) Within the frame of the new program “Co-financing Mechanism for Supporting Family-owned, Small and Medium-size Hotel Industries”, Enterprise Georgia (the agency of the Ministry of Economic and Sustainable Development of Georgia) will co-finance up to 80% of the annual interest rate on loans issued to family-owned, small and medium-sized hotels. As of September 4, this measure has been extended for another 6 months; (v) The custom clearance term for vehicles imported before 1 April 2020 was extended to 1 September 2020 for car importers; (vi) No amount/estimate: VAT refunds will become automatic and will accelerate; (vii) GEL2.589 billion in transfer payments to individuals, corporate subsidies, and tax relief; (viii) No amount/estimate: Starting from January 2021, the rule of indexation of pensions will be introduced. According to this rule, the pensions will increase by at least the rate of inflation, plus a premium depending on the pensioner's age; (ix) GEL160 million in one-time assistance to all children below 18; (x) GEL35 million to help students from vulnerable families to cover one semester of their university tuition; (xi) GEL24 million total benefits for the self-employed, who lost their job during the pandemic and applied for government assistance, but were refused, as they failed to provide required documents [update]; (xii) No amount/estimate: The government will cover utility costs from November to February for vulnerable sectors.
|Georgia||07||07 - Central bank financing government||GEL|
|Georgia||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||GEL|
|Georgia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||GEL|
|Kazakhstan||05||05 - Health and income support||KZT||7,700,000,000,000||18,677,986,659||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020). OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 21 May 2020) KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/kazakhstan-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 21 May 2020)||
(i) The President announced a significant anti-crisis package now totaling KZT 5.9 trillion. The anti-crisis package includes cash payments to the unemployed (USD95 per month per person), a 10% increase in pension and social benefits, and additional spending to strengthen the health sector (As of May 20: (a) KZT14.8 billion for the construction of three quarantine modular complexes in Nur-Sultan, Shymkent and Almaty; (b) KZT40.6 billion for incentive measures for healthcare workers participating in quarantine activities; (iii) KZT19.5 billion for health organizations treating coronavirus patients; (c) KZT8 billion in salaries will be paid to doctors, police officers and other specialists) and support employment and business; (ii) An additional KZT1.8 trillion will be allocated to support employment under an “Employment Roadmap” program; and (iii) No amount/estimate: SMEs and individual entrepreneurs are also eligible for new tax incentives; (iv) No amount/estimate: May 14, VAT rate has been reduced from 12% to 8% until 1 October 2020 with the exception of food and drugstores, transportation services, consulting services and information technology.
|Kazakhstan||05A||05A - Health support||KZT|
|Kazakhstan||05B||05B - Income support||KZT||OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 30 July 2020).||
(i) No amount/estimate: May 20, residents in Almaty can defer utility payments for March and April until the end of 2020 with no fines or penalty. Reimbursement of utilities expenses for April and May in amount of KZT15,000 will also be provided for socially vulnerable groups; (ii) No amount/estimate: July, The government announced a new round of income support payments of KZT42,500 to certain categories of the population.
|Kazakhstan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||KZT|
|Kazakhstan||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||KZT|
|Kazakhstan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||KZT|