Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Cook Islands 04 04 - Equity support NZD
Cook Islands 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NZD COVID-19 Cook Islands Response. https://covid19.gov.ck/?v=1588300681872 (1 May 2020).

(i) April 16, Prime Minister, Hon. Henry Puna, declared the Cook Islands "a COVID-19 free zone", however the country remains in Code Yellow with relaxed restrictions; and (ii) Restrictions have been lifted for the following areas (a) schools are now open, (b) travel between the Pa Enua (Outer Islands) open, (c) churches are now open, (d) social gatherings are no longer limited to 10 people, (e) alcohol retail sales extended until 6pm, (f) non-contact sports may resume, and (g) restaurants & cafes may re-open. (iii) October 30, decided to lift the requirement for incoming travellers to spend 14 days in supervised quarantine on arrival. [update]

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs; (iv) June, EUR5.3 billion for the Solvency Support Instrument that will work via an EU guarantee provided to the European Investment Bank (EIB) Group under the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). Solvency support will form a separate window under the EFSI to mobilise private capital. The EIB Group will use this guarantee to provide financing directly or invest, fund or guarantee equity funds, special purpose vehicles, investment platforms or national promotional banks. These intermediary funds or vehicles must be established and operate in the EU. The Solvency Support Instrument should predominantly channel solvency support through financial market intermediaries and only to a lesser degree facilitate direct support to companies by the EIB Group.

European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions .

Federated States of Micronesia 04 04 - Equity support USD
Federated States of Micronesia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

(i) The national and state governments have introduced travel restrictions; banning or requiring 14-day self-quarantine prior to entry into the Federated States of Micronesia; and restricting residents from traveling abroad; and (ii) The state of Chuuk closed schools.

Fiji 04 04 - Equity support FJD
Fiji 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures FJD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020).

(i) The authorities have been proactive in their efforts to keep the virus out of Fiji by early imposition of travel restrictions; (ii) They reacted to the first confirmed case with a broad set of measures, including reinforced detection measures, restrictions on movements and gatherings, closures of schools and certain types of businesses (e.g. cinemas, gyms, etc.), a nationwide curfew and lockdowns of affected areas; and (iii) As the number of cases have remained constant since Mid-April, the authorities started relaxing containment and mitigation restrictions at the national level on April 26th; (iv) June 4, no new cases have been detected as of the past 30 days, and the last active case was cleared by authorities; (v) June 21, Phase 2 of Fiji’s COVID-safe Economic Recovery Plan leads to the gradual easing of some restrictions (e.g. national curfew, limitations on public gatherings) and the reopening of schools and certain recreational facilities under strict conditions. The reopening of the economy under Phase 2 has been tied up with the launch of CareFIJI, a contact-tracing mobile application; (vi) July 16, The repatriation of Fijian citizens in July led to a resurgence of border cases – all quarantined in government-designated facilities.

Kiribati 04 04 - Equity support AUD
Kiribati 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AUD International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 13 April 2020).

(i) January, Travel restrictions have been in place; (ii) March 17, A press release to prevent speculations and panic was released and government task forces have been formed to address commodities and cargo buffers, communication and awareness, isolation centers and containment efforts, and border control; (iii) March 21, Borders have been closed except for delivery of essential goods (quarantine requirements apply at all ports); and (iv) March 28, A state of public emergency has been declared and schools are suspended.

Marshall Islands 04 04 - Equity support USD
Marshall Islands 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020, 14 May 2020, 24 June 2020).

(i) January 24, Travel restrictions from affected countries have been imposed; (ii) March 8, Entry of all international travelers by commercial flight has been suspended; (iii) April, To ensure food and other supplies, container vessels and fuel tankers have been exempted from entry restrictions, but with strict safety requirements including prohibition of human contacts and a minimum of 14 days between departure from ten restricted countries and arrival in Marshall Islands; (iv) May, To ensure continuity of transshipment services, a limited number of carrier vessels and purse seiners can enter Marshall Islands for transshipment, after spending 14 days at sea and only after clearance by corresponding agencies; and (v) Container vessels and fuel tankers that have a history of entering Majuro and Ebeye ports with same crew and corresponding health records can enter ports (no disembarkation) without 14-day quarantine.

Nauru 04 04 - Equity support AUD
Nauru 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AUD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 October 2020).

(i) January 24, Samoa implemented travel restrictions to protect citizens of the country, among the first countries in the world to do so and has gradually tightened the rules; (ii) March 20, The government declared a State of Emergency and instructed the public to avoid mass gatherings (of five or more people), and unnecessary travel; (iii) March 26, The amended State of Emergency Orders was signed into law, which gives police officers the legal authority to enforce the Emergency Orders to the full extent of the law; April: (iv) The government is taking full precautions and preventive measures to control the transmission of COVID-19, including preparation of the health system to treat and care for patients; (v) The government issued the amendments of the Emergency Orders on May 13 and May 20, to gradually lift lockdown restrictions. Currently most businesses are under normal operations. Social distancing measures still apply for dining at restaurants, and public and village gatherings are permitted only on limited occasions. Social gatherings in public places remain closed until further notice; (vi) June 20, The government issued the latest Emergency Orders (#19), which includes a revised supermarket operating hours; (vii) July 28, the government extended the State of Emergency Orders until August 30; (viii) August 6, Emergency Order #24 was issued which includes travel regulations to Samoa from New Zealand and Fiji, additional guidelines on public gatherings such as church services, weddings, and funerals, and limited operating hours for hotels, restaurants, and small shops; (ix) August 25, All international travel to and from Samoa by plane are temporarily suspended except as provided in exceptional circumstances approved by Cabinet; (x) August 28, The State of Emergency has been extended from August 31, to September 27; September 25, the State of Emergency was further extended until October 26.

Niue 04 04 - Equity support NZD
Niue 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NZD
Palau 04 04 - Equity support USD
Palau 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 1 October 2020).

(i) The authorities have adopted early prevention and containment measures. These include temporary bans on international air and sea travel, health screening at ports of entry, school closures, and restrictions on public events; (ii) July 31, the government announced the re-establishment of essential air services, allowing a minimum number of flights for emergencies, repatriation, medical referral, and worker recruitment. Regular commercial air travel remains temporary suspended; (iii) Schools will reopen on August 3 with safety measures.

Papua New Guinea 04 04 - Equity support PGK
Papua New Guinea 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures PGK IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 May 2020).

(i) The government had started imposing containment measures since early February, including (a) a ban on travelers from Asian countries, (b) reduced international flights, (c) mandatory health declaration forms for incoming travelers and enhanced screening at designated ports of entries; (ii) April 2, the PNG parliament voted to shutdown the country and extended the state of emergency which started on March 24 for further two months.

Samoa 04 04 - Equity support WST
Samoa 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures WST IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 October 2020); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/06/state-of-emergency-order-19/ (accessed 24 July 2020); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/07/amended-state-of-emergency-orders-for-coronavirus-covid-19-27th-july-2020/; Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/08/state-of-emergency-order-24/ (both accessed 7 August 2020); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/08/amended-state-of-emergency-orders-for-coronavirus-covid-19-25th-april-2020/ (accessed 28 August 2020); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/08/state-of-emergency-extended-to-27th-september-2020/ (accessed 28 August 2020); Government of Samoa. https://www.samoagovt.ws/2020/10/s-o-e-covid-19-extended/ (accessed 30 October 2020).

(i) January 24, Samoa implemented travel restrictions to protect citizens of the country, among the first countries in the world to do so and has gradually tightened the rules; (ii) March 20, The government declared a State of Emergency and instructed the public to avoid mass gatherings (of five or more people), and unnecessary travel; (iii) March 26, The amended State of Emergency Orders was signed into law, which gives police officers the legal authority to enforce the Emergency Orders to the full extent of the law; April: (iv) The government is taking full precautions and preventive measures to control the transmission of COVID-19, including preparation of the health system to treat and care for patients; (v) The government issued the amendments of the Emergency Orders on May 13 and May 20, to gradually lift lockdown restrictions. Currently most businesses are under normal operations. Social distancing measures still apply for dining at restaurants, and public and village gatherings are permitted only on limited occasions. Social gatherings in public places remain closed until further notice; (vi) June 20, The government issued the latest Emergency Orders (#19), which includes a revised supermarket operating hours; (vii) July 28, the government extended the State of Emergency Orders until August 30; On August 28, it was extended up to September 27; On September 25, the State of Emergency was further extended until October 26; On October 27, the State of Emergency was extended until November 22 [update]; (viii) August 6, Emergency Order #24 was issued which includes travel regulations to Samoa from New Zealand and Fiji, additional guidelines on public gatherings such as church services, weddings, and funerals, and limited operating hours for hotels, restaurants, and small shops; (ix) August 25, All international travel to and from Samoa by plane are temporarily suspended except as provided in exceptional circumstances approved by Cabinet; (x) Repatriation flights from New Zealand and Australia arrived in September 18 and October 6 to bring home citizens, workers under the seasonal employment programs, and scholarship students in the region. Additional repatriation flights from Europe and the US are scheduled throughout October 30 to December 11 [updates].

Solomon Islands 04 04 - Equity support SBD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 October 2020).

No amount/estimate: May: (i) The government will use a fraction of the COVID-19 Bond on equity investments into Soltuna, Kolombangara Forest Products Limited, and Solomon Airlines; (ii) The stimulus package includes equity injections to government-owned companies.

Solomon Islands 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures SBD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 October 2020); Solomon Islands Government, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and External Trade. http://www.mfaet.gov.sb/media-center/press-releases/foreign-affairs-news/191-repatriation-advisory-notice.html (accessed 28 August 2020); Solomon Islands Government. https://solomons.gov.sb/cabinet-issues-immediate-response-measures-no-instant-lockdown/ (accessed 16 October 2020).

April: (i) The government has implemented measures to prevent the entry of COVID-19 including suspension of all international flights (except for those carrying essential COVID-19 related cargo), no entry of noncitizens, and strict mandatory quarantine for all returning passengers; (ii) In addition, the government has declared a state of emergency until November, scaled down public services to essential services only and temporarily closed entertainment places, closing schools (most will resume on April 27; exam classes in low-risk areas will resume on May 18) and temporarily suspending some services, as well as restrict travel of its citizens to the capital, Honiara; (iii) The Prime Minister has ordered the restriction of small craft vessels to and from the common border between Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea; (iv) April 8, The government announced an extension of the state of emergency for another 4 months ending on July 25, 2020; May: (v) May 8, The Prime Minister made the order to reopen business entities except for night clubs within the emergency zone, Honiara; (vi) May 11, The national carrier, Solomon Airlines announced the suspension of all international flights until July 15. On June 11, it announced the suspension of all international flights until August 31. On July 29, it extended the suspension of all international flights until October 24, but it will continue to operate government approved cargo and charter flights as needed; On October 2, the suspension of international flights was extended until January 10, 2021; (vii) On May 20, the emergency zones went into a mock lockdown for 36 hours to test their capabilities in case of future needs; (viii) May 25, all schools had reopened; (ix) May 26, after confirming its in-country COVID-19 testing capability, the government repatriated its stranded nationals from Australia, New Zealand, Vanuatu, and Fiji. More repatriation flights from these countries were scheduled on June (19 and 31) and July (1); On July 13, the government announced two more repatriation flights scheduled on July 21 and 23; On October 3, all scheduled repatriation flights have been put on hold with the confirmation of the first positive COVID-19 case; (x) October 13, The Cabinet has approved immediate response measures under the current Emergency Regulations in light of the two confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the country, with no immediate lockdown until further notice. These include suspension of early childhood classes within the Honiara City up to October 16, until further notice; meetings, seminars or conferences, approved sporting events, church services may continue; and nightclubs, casinos, public bars, and kava bars will remain open subject to the full observance of COVID-19 safety measures; (xi) The government is expected to pass a Public Health Emergency Bill in November that will allow it to make a declaration of a public health emergency in Solomon Islands. It is expected to replace the current State of Emergency which expires on November 24 [update].

Tonga 04 04 - Equity support TOP
Tonga 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures TOP IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020).

(i) The Government of Tonga has been introducing increasingly restrictive containment measures since January 2020; (ii) In March, it toughened measures for incoming travelers, while all international cruise ships and yachts were barred indefinitely; (iii) On March 21, Tonga declared a state of National Emergency. As a preventive measure, a nation-wide lockdown came into effect on March 29, which entails the prohibition of all flights into the country and all public transportation inside the country, the closure of all nonessential businesses and public facilities, a stay-at-home order, a night-time curfew and the prohibition of public gatherings; (iv) The authorities started easing restrictions on April 12, 2020, by lifting the national lockdown, and domestic restrictions were further eased on June 11, for example by further reducing curfew hours and relaxing restrictionsremoving the prohibition on the size of permissible gatheringscontact sports. The state of National Emergency and the border closure, however, have been extended until September 28 and September 12, respectively.

Tuvalu 04 04 - Equity support AUD
Tuvalu 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AUD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 May 2020).

(i) Tuvalu has established a COVID-19 National Taskforce that will act as an Advisory body to Cabinet and provide updates on a regular basis; (ii) Quarantine and self-isolation measures; (iii) The State of Public Health Emergency, which was first declared on March 20, 2020, was extended for another 6 months on March 26, 2020.

Vanuatu 04 04 - Equity support VUV
Vanuatu 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures VUV IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020).

(i) March 26, a national State of Emergency (SOE) was declared for a two-week period, which was extended for a 30-day period on April 11 and then again on May 11, for the dual purposes of continuing COVID-19 prevention and containment measures as well as responding to Tropical Cyclone (TC) Harold which impacted Vanuatu on April 6-7; (ii) Quarantine and self isolation measures; (iii) Closed all ports of entry for international flights and cruise ships; (iv) The government has (a) closed all ports of entry for international flights and cruise ships; (b) suspended departures for seasonal worker programs to Australia and New Zealand (with optional repatriation of workers already abroad); (c) closed all schools until further notice; (d) established curfews for businesses and transport, but not essential medical and communication services; (e) banned gatherings of more than 5 people (suspended temporarily as of April 5 to allow for group sheltering caused by TC Harold and its aftermath); and (f) been encouraging social distancing; (v) Tourism, which contributes 24.6% of Vanuatu’s GDP, has effectively ceased; (vi) Domestic flights and ferries resumed on April 11, also in response to the aftermath of TC Harold. From May 12, international flights and vessels carrying international relief supplies or cargo can enter, provided they comply with Vanuatu’s COVID-19 prevention and containment measures; (vi) All public schools reopened on May 18; (vii) From June 3, the government began repatriation of its citizens and residents stranded abroad after strengthening in-country COVID-19 screening, testing and containment measures; (viii) The second phase of government’s repatriation plan has resumed in August and is expected to continue until December 2020; (ix) September 18, the Government confirmed that targeted testing repatriates from in quarantine for COVID-19 is being conducted as an additional precaution for those entering Vanuatu from areas classified as high risk countries.

Cook Islands 04 04 - Equity support NZD
Cook Islands 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NZD COVID-19 Cook Islands Response. https://covid19.gov.ck/?v=1588300681872 (1 May 2020).

(i) April 16, Prime Minister, Hon. Henry Puna, declared the Cook Islands "a COVID-19 free zone", however the country remains in Code Yellow with relaxed restrictions; and (ii) Restrictions have been lifted for the following areas (a) schools are now open, (b) travel between the Pa Enua (Outer Islands) open, (c) churches are now open, (d) social gatherings are no longer limited to 10 people, (e) alcohol retail sales extended until 6pm, (f) non-contact sports may resume, and (g) restaurants & cafes may re-open.

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs; (iv) June, EUR5.3 billion for the Solvency Support Instrument that will work via an EU guarantee provided to the European Investment Bank (EIB) Group under the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). Solvency support will form a separate window under the EFSI to mobilise private capital. The EIB Group will use this guarantee to provide financing directly or invest, fund or guarantee equity funds, special purpose vehicles, investment platforms or national promotional banks. These intermediary funds or vehicles must be established and operate in the EU. The Solvency Support Instrument should predominantly channel solvency support through financial market intermediaries and only to a lesser degree facilitate direct support to companies by the EIB Group [update].

European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions .

Federated States of Micronesia 04 04 - Equity support USD
Federated States of Micronesia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

(i) The national and state governments have introduced travel restrictions; banning or requiring 14-day self-quarantine prior to entry into the Federated States of Micronesia; and restricting residents from traveling abroad; and (ii) The state of Chuuk closed schools.

Fiji 04 04 - Equity support FJD
Fiji 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures FJD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020).

(i) The authorities have been proactive in their efforts to keep the virus out of Fiji by early imposition of travel restrictions; (ii) They reacted to the first confirmed case with a broad set of measures, including reinforced detection measures, restrictions on movements and gatherings, closures of schools and certain types of businesses (e.g. cinemas, gyms, etc.), a nationwide curfew and lockdowns of affected areas; and (iii) As the number of cases have remained constant since Mid-April, the authorities started relaxing containment and mitigation restrictions at the national level on April 26th; (iv) June 4, no new cases have been detected as of the past 30 days, and the last active case was cleared by authorities; (v) June 21, Phase 2 of Fiji’s COVID-safe Economic Recovery Plan leads to the gradual easing of some restrictions (e.g. national curfew, limitations on public gatherings) and the reopening of schools and certain recreational facilities under strict conditions. The reopening of the economy under Phase 2 has been tied up with the launch of CareFIJI, a contact-tracing mobile application; (vi) July 16, The repatriation of Fijian citizens in July led to a resurgence of border cases – all quarantined in government-designated facilities.