Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Cook Islands 04 04 - Equity support NZD
Cook Islands 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NZD
Cook Islands 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) NZD
Cook Islands 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace NZD COVID-19 Cook Islands Response. https://covid19.gov.ck/?v=1588300681872 (1 May 2020).

16 April 2020, Prime Minister, Hon. Henry Puna, declared the Cook Islands "a COVID-19 free zone", however the country remains in Code Yellow with relaxed restrictions; and (ii) Restrictions have been lifted for the following areas (a) schools are now open, (b) travel between the Pa Enua (Outer Islands) open, (c) churches are now open, (d) social gatherings are no longer limited to 10 people, (e) alcohol retail sales extended until 6pm, (f) non-contact sports may resume, and (g) restaurants & cafes may re-open

Cook Islands 12C 12C - Others NZD COVID-19 Cook Islands Response. https://covid19.gov.ck/?v=1588300681872 (1 May 2020).

30 October 2020, decided to lift the requirement for incoming travellers to spend 14 days in supervised quarantine on arrival.

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Central Bank 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) EUR
European Central Bank 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace EUR
European Central Bank 12C 12C - Others EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020).

(i) 8 April 2020, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) 24 April 2020, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) 8 June 2020, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs; (iv) June 2020, EUR5.3 billion for the Solvency Support Instrument that will work via an EU guarantee provided to the European Investment Bank (EIB) Group under the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). Solvency support will form a separate window under the EFSI to mobilize private capital. The EIB Group will use this guarantee to provide financing directly or invest, fund or guarantee equity funds, special purpose vehicles, investment platforms or national promotional banks. These intermediary funds or vehicles must be established and operate in the EU. The Solvency Support Instrument should predominantly channel solvency support through financial market intermediaries and only to a lesser degree facilitate direct support to companies by the EIB Group.

European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020); Council of the EU. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/10/13/covid-19-council-adopts-a-recommendation-to-coordinate-measures-affecting-free-movement/ (accessed 26 January 2021); EC https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_195 (accessed 26 January 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_194 (accessed 26 January 2021).

(i) Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June 2020 and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions; (ii) 13 October 2020, The European Council adopts a recommendation to coordinate measures affecting free movement with the region. EU member states have agreed on a common approach to travel measures and developed common criteria for mapping risk (for details, see: 3ogFom7). The coordinated approach ensures freedom of movement, increases transparency for citizens and businesses and avoids fragmentation and disruption of services. 25 January 2021, In light of the new coronavirus variant, the EC proposes to update the Council recommendation on the agreed color code for the mapping of risk areas and Stricter measures for travelers from higher-risk areas [update]; (iii) 25 January 2021, EC proposes additional safeguards on travel from outside the EU and updated criteria for applying travel restrictions [update].

European Union 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented.

European Union 12C 12C - Others EUR EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2254 (accessed 20 January 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_3 (accessed 5 February 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2466 (accessed 5 February 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_306 (accessed 5 February 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_143 (accessed 20 January 2021).

(i) 2 December 2020, To sustainably manage the pandemic over the winter months, the EC adopted “Staying Safe from COVID-19 during Winter" strategy recommending continued vigilance and caution throughout the winter period and into 2021 when the roll out of safe and effective vaccines will take place. Recommended control measures concern physical distancing and limiting social contacts, testing and contact tracing, and safe travel, among others; (ii) 19 January 2021, To step up the fight against the pandemic, The EC called on Member States to accelerate the roll-out of vaccination across the EU, continue to apply physical distancing, limit social contacts, fight disinformation, coordinate travel restrictions, ramp up testing, and increase contact tracing and genome sequencing to face up to the risk from new variants of the virus.

Federated States of Micronesia 04 04 - Equity support USD
Federated States of Micronesia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures USD
Federated States of Micronesia 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

(ii) The national and state governments have introduced travel restrictions; banning or requiring 14-day self-quarantine prior to entry into the Federated States of Micronesia; and restricting residents from traveling abroad; (i) November 30, relaxed outward travel restrictions, allowing residents to travel abroad.

Federated States of Micronesia 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020).

The state of Chuuk closed schools.

Federated States of Micronesia 12C 12C - Others USD
Fiji 04 04 - Equity support FJD
Fiji 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures FJD
Fiji 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) FJD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020).

(i) The authorities have been proactive in their efforts to keep the virus out of Fiji by early imposition of travel restrictions; (ii) Nationwide curfew and lockdowns have also been put into place.

Fiji 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace FJD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020).

(i) Closing of certain types of businesses were implemented at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Fiji 12C 12C - Others FJD TravelPulse. https://www.travelpulse.com/news/destinations/fiji-announces-post-pandemic-care-fiji-commitment-program.html (accessed 14 January 2021); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 23 July 2020).

(i) The Government reacted to the first confirmed case with a broad set of measures, including reinforced detection measures, restrictions on movements and gatherings, closures of schools and certain types of businesses (e.g. cinemas, gyms, etc.), a nationwide curfew and lockdowns of affected areas; (ii) As the number of cases have remained constant since Mid-April, the authorities started relaxing containment and mitigation restrictions at the national level on April 26th; (iii) 4 June 2020, no new cases have been detected as of the past 30 days, and the last active case was cleared by authorities; (iv) 21 June 2020, Phase 2 of Fiji’s COVID-safe Economic Recovery Plan leads to the gradual easing of some restrictions (e.g. national curfew, limitations on public gatherings) and the reopening of schools and certain recreational facilities under strict conditions; (v) The reopening of the economy under Phase 2 has been tied up with the launch of CareFIJI, a contact-tracing mobile application; (vi) 16 July 2020, The repatriation of Fijian citizens in July led to a resurgence of border cases – all quarantined in government-designated facilities; (vii) 13 January 2021, Tourism Fiji announced that it has created the “Care Fiji Commitment,” a program featuring enhanced safety, health and hygiene protocols for a post-pandemic world as it prepares to reopen borders to travelers sometime in the future.

Kiribati 04 04 - Equity support AUD
Kiribati 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AUD
Kiribati 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) AUD International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 13 April 2020).

(i) January 2020, Travel restrictions have been in place; (ii) 21 March 2020, Borders have been closed except for delivery of essential goods (quarantine requirements apply at all ports).

Kiribati 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace AUD
Kiribati 12C 12C - Others AUD International Monetary Fund (IMF). https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 13 April 2020).

(i) 17 March 2020, A press release to prevent speculations and panic was released and government task forces have been formed to address commodities and cargo buffers, communication and awareness, isolation centers and containment efforts, and border control; (ii) 28 March 2020, A state of public emergency has been declared and schools are suspended.

Marshall Islands 04 04 - Equity support USD
Marshall Islands 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures USD
Marshall Islands 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020, 14 May 2020, 24 June 2020).

(i) 24 January 2020, Travel restrictions from affected countries have been imposed; (ii) 8 March 2020, Entry of all international travelers by commercial flight has been suspended; (iii) April 2020, To ensure food and other supplies, container vessels and fuel tankers have been exempted from entry restrictions, but with strict safety requirements including prohibition of human contacts and a minimum of 14 days between departure from ten restricted countries and arrival in Marshall Islands; (iv) May 2020, To ensure continuity of transshipment services, a limited number of carrier vessels and purse seiners can enter Marshall Islands for transshipment, after spending 14 days at sea and only after clearance by corresponding agencies; and (v) Container vessels and fuel tankers that have a history of entering Majuro and Ebeye ports with same crew and corresponding health records can enter ports (no disembarkation) without a 14-day quarantine.

Marshall Islands 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace USD
Marshall Islands 12C 12C - Others USD RMI National Disaster Management Office (NDMO). https://ndmo.gov.mh/resource-library/#resource-browser (accessed 3 February 2021).

As of 29 January 2021, the National Disaster Committee (NDC) will submit a recommendation to the Cabinet for the extension of State of Emergency (SOE), including an updated RMI National Pandemic Response Plan and Budget, and Travel Advisory, as it expires on 7 February 2021 [update].

Nauru 04 04 - Equity support AUD
Nauru 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AUD
Nauru 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) AUD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#N (accessed 6 January 2021).

April 2020: (i) The government has imposed a number of containment measures including a near-total ban on entry by air into Nauru effective March 16; (ii) Screening and quarantine measures have also been in effect since March 16 and apply to all passengers on arrival, including a mandatory 14-day stay in approved transition accommodation and further measures for symptomatic cases; (iii) Cargo flights are operating at normal frequency at this time, but subject to strict handling on arrival, including on contact with crew.

Nauru 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace AUD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 26 November 2020).

April 2020: (i) Social distancing measures have been encouraged including limiting or cancelling public gatherings and recommending working arrangements from home where possible; (ii) The Government of Nauru extended the emergency measures to be in force until they announce an easing [date unspecified]; (iii) As of 14 August 2020, the authorities have implemented a testing regime for COVID-19 and reduced the mandated time in quarantine, alleviating some of the budgetary implications of containment.

Nauru 12C 12C - Others AUD
Niue 04 04 - Equity support NZD
Niue 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NZD