Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Bangladesh 04 04 - Equity support BDT
Bangladesh 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BDT Ministry of Public Administration. (accsessed 29 June 2020). IMF. (accessed 1 May 2020).

(i) March 23, The government declared a general holiday from March 26 to April 4, which has been extended until May 5: government offices, private offices, and courts will be closed, commercial banks will operate shorter hours; (ii) Individuals have been requested not to leave their homes except to collect daily necessities and emergency supplies, and to wear masks when outside; and (iii) A lockdown has been imposed on 75 hotspots in Dhaka where cases have been identified, and a curfew is in operation from 6pm to 6am.

Bhutan 04 04 - Equity support BTN/INR
Bhutan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BTN/INR IMF. (accessed 24 July 2020); PMO. (accessed 20 July 2020); Royal Government of Bhutan. (accessed 11 August 2020); Royal Government of Bhutan. (accessed 02 September 2020).

(i) Bhutan started imposing containment measures immediately after the first case was recorded on March 6, with restriction of entry of foreign tourists initially for two weeks but extended afterwards and closure of schools in three cities; (ii) March 22, Bhutan sealed off its land borders as a precautionary measure to prevent the spread of COVID-19. For non-Bhutanese, exits are allowed. Incoming non-Bhutanese are scrutinized and quarantined where applicable; (iii) March 27, More containment measures were imposed on public gatherings, travel (within and outside Bhutan), business and entertainment, games and sports and civil service, corporate, private, and other agencies. The quarantine period has been extended to April 21; (iv) Healthcare measures include setting up dedicated hospitals and quarantine centers; (v) June 19, Easing of restrictions, which will be done in phases, in schools, institutes, and colleges, except pre-primary levels, low risk businesses, sports, trainings and workshops, religious and social functions, parks and public spaces, and public transport; (vi) June 19, All government, corporate, and allied agencies are called to discontinue "work from home" starting June 22; (vii) August 11, Government announces nationwide lockdown. On September 1, The government announced a phased easing of lockdown restrictions between September 1 and 10 [update].

Cook Islands 04 04 - Equity support NZD
Cook Islands 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NZD COVID-19 Cook Islands Response. (1 May 2020).

(i) April 16, Prime Minister, Hon. Henry Puna, declared the Cook Islands "a COVID-19 free zone", however the country remains in Code Yellow with relaxed restrictions; and (ii) Restrictions have been lifted for the following areas (a) schools are now open, (b) travel between the Pa Enua (Outer Islands) open, (c) churches are now open, (d) social gatherings are no longer limited to 10 people, (e) alcohol retail sales extended until 6pm, (f) non-contact sports may resume, and (g) restaurants & cafes may re-open.

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. (accessed 27 August 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs; (iv) June, EUR5.3 billion for the Solvency Support Instrument that will work via an EU guarantee provided to the European Investment Bank (EIB) Group under the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). Solvency support will form a separate window under the EFSI to mobilise private capital. The EIB Group will use this guarantee to provide financing directly or invest, fund or guarantee equity funds, special purpose vehicles, investment platforms or national promotional banks. These intermediary funds or vehicles must be established and operate in the EU. The Solvency Support Instrument should predominantly channel solvency support through financial market intermediaries and only to a lesser degree facilitate direct support to companies by the EIB Group [update].

European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions .

Federated States of Micronesia 04 04 - Equity support USD
Federated States of Micronesia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures USD IMF. (accessed 12 April 2020).

(i) The national and state governments have introduced travel restrictions; banning or requiring 14-day self-quarantine prior to entry into the Federated States of Micronesia; and restricting residents from traveling abroad; and (ii) The state of Chuuk closed schools.

Fiji 04 04 - Equity support FJD
Fiji 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures FJD IMF. (accessed 23 July 2020).

(i) The authorities have been proactive in their efforts to keep the virus out of Fiji by early imposition of travel restrictions; (ii) They reacted to the first confirmed case with a broad set of measures, including reinforced detection measures, restrictions on movements and gatherings, closures of schools and certain types of businesses (e.g. cinemas, gyms, etc.), a nationwide curfew and lockdowns of affected areas; and (iii) As the number of cases have remained constant since Mid-April, the authorities started relaxing containment and mitigation restrictions at the national level on April 26th; (iv) June 4, no new cases have been detected as of the past 30 days, and the last active case was cleared by authorities; (v) June 21, Phase 2 of Fiji’s COVID-safe Economic Recovery Plan leads to the gradual easing of some restrictions (e.g. national curfew, limitations on public gatherings) and the reopening of schools and certain recreational facilities under strict conditions. The reopening of the economy under Phase 2 has been tied up with the launch of CareFIJI, a contact-tracing mobile application; (vi) July 16, The repatriation of Fijian citizens in July led to a resurgence of border cases – all quarantined in government-designated facilities.

India 04 04 - Equity support INR
India 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures INR IMF. (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) March 21, A temporary ban for a week on international flights landing in the country for a week; (ii) March 26, Extended ban on all international flights till April 15th, excluding approved all-cargo operations and flights; (iii) March 5, Schools closed in some of the municipalities and states, including Delhi until the end of March, which was eventually expanded to all educational insttitutions in the country; (iv) March 12, Partial shutdowns was imposed on educational institutions, stadiums, cinema halls, and sports clubs and gathering of people were banned in some of the states, including Delhi; (v) March 24, The entire country was placed under lockdown for 21 days which, on April 14, was further extended to May 17; (vi) April 15, the government announced several relaxation measures in geographical areas designated as non-hotspot, with effect from April 20, 2020; (vii) May 30, the government issued ‘Unlock 1’ guidelines for a phased re-opening of most activities across the country and limiting the lockdown only to containment zones for a month until June 30. However, states have been empowered to prohibit certain activities if they deem it necessary.

Kiribati 04 04 - Equity support AUD
Kiribati 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AUD International Monetary Fund (IMF). (accesed 13 April 2020).

(i) January, Travel restrictions have been in place; (ii) March 17, A press release to prevent speculations and panic was released and government task forces have been formed to address commodities and cargo buffers, communication and awareness, isolation centers and containment efforts, and border control; (iii) March 21, Borders have been closed except for delivery of essential goods (quarantine requirements apply at all ports); and (iv) March 28, A state of public emergency has been declared and schools are suspended.

Maldives 04 04 - Equity support MVR
Maldives 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures MVR IMF. (accessed 19 April 2020, 14 May 2020, 4 June 2020, 22 July 2020); The Edition. (accessed 29 May 2020). The Edition. (accessed 31 July 2020). The Edition. (accessed 7 August 2020). The Edition. (accessed 4 September 2020).

(i) March 12, The government declared a Public Health Emergency. There are several adopted containment measures, including (a) temporary suspension of on-arrival visa for all passengers arriving to Maldives by air and sea, (b) quarantine for all passengers traveling to Maldives by air except for tourists checking-in to resorts, (c) screening at ports of entry, (d) restrictions on travel between resorts and inhabited islands, (e) ban on all cruise ships from entering and docking; requirement on all guest houses and city hotels operating in the Maldives to temporally suspend all tourist check-ins since March 17, and (f) school closures; (ii) April 15, The greater Malé region was placed on lockdown; (iii) May 13, The lockdown was extended to May 28 (third extension since its implementation); (iv) May 28: (a) The state of Public Health Emergency was extended until June 29; and (b) Phase one of lockdown easing started, with a relaxation in temporary permissions for leaving homes as well as allowing certain commercial businesses to open and operate; (v) Since July 1, the country is in phase three of the lockdown ease plan. This phase permits movement in the Greater Malé Region from 5am to 11pm, and only gatherings of less than 30 people are to be allowed in public spaces; (vi) International flights as well as tourism island resorts reopened; (vii) While guesthouses in inhabited islands are opened since July for locals/residents in COVID-19 free islands, guesthouses will be opened for tourists in August; (vii) July 30, Authorities mandated wearing face masks in public spaces of the capital city of Malé in response to a surge in COVID-19 cases in Maldives. Individuals in public spaces without masks would be fined by MVR1,000 starting from August 1; (viii) August 4, The Health Protection Agency (HPA) implemented a curfew over the Greater Malé Region; (ix) September 3, The Ministry of Education extended the closure of schools in the Greater Malé Region by an additional two weeks in connection to the surge of COVID-19 cases in the area [update].

Marshall Islands 04 04 - Equity support USD
Marshall Islands 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures USD IMF. (accessed 13 April 2020, 14 May 2020, 24 June 2020).

(i) January 24, Travel restrictions from affected countries have been imposed; (ii) March 8, Entry of all international travelers by commercial flight has been suspended; (iii) April, To ensure food and other supplies, container vessels and fuel tankers have been exempted from entry restrictions, but with strict safety requirements including prohibition of human contacts and a minimum of 14 days between departure from ten restricted countries and arrival in Marshall Islands; (iv) May, To ensure continuity of transshipment services, a limited number of carrier vessels and purse seiners can enter Marshall Islands for transshipment, after spending 14 days at sea and only after clearance by corresponding agencies; and (v) Container vessels and fuel tankers that have a history of entering Majuro and Ebeye ports with same crew and corresponding health records can enter ports (no disembarkation) without 14-day quarantine.

Nauru 04 04 - Equity support AUD
Nauru 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AUD IMF. (accessed 2 September 2020).

April: (i) The government has imposed a number of containment measures including a near-total ban on entry by air into Nauru effective March 16; (ii) Social distancing measures have been encouraged including limiting or cancelling public gatherings and recommending working arrangements from home where possible; (iii) Screening and quarantine measures have also been in effect since March 16 and apply to all passengers on arrival, including a mandatory 14-day stay in approved transition accommodation and further measures for symptomatic cases; (iv) Cargo flights are operating at normal frequency at this time, but subject to strict handling on arrival, including on contact with crew; (v) The Government of Nauru extended the emergency measures to be in force until they announce an easing [date unspecified]; (vi) As of August 14, the authorities have implemented a testing regime for COVID-19 and reduced the mandated time in quarantine, alleviating some of the budgetary implications of containment.

Nepal 04 04 - Equity support NPR
Nepal 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NPR IMF. (accessed 2 September 2020). Business World. (accessed 6 August 2020); The Kathmandu Post. (accessed 13 August 2020); Nepali Times. (accessed 26 August 2020); Online Khabar. (accessed 31 August 2020).

April: (i) Closure of cinema halls, stadiums, health clubs, museums, bars and other recreational places and public transportation until July 22; (ii) Closure of land-border crossings; June: (iii) Nationwide lockdown until July 22; (iv) Ban on domestic and international flights (except chartered flights) until July 22; (v) The government began easing the lockdown on June 12, allowing shops to open; (vi) Government, private offices, and banks have reopened from June 15, with government staff working in shifts; (vii) Private vehicles are allowed to operate on an alternating odd-even license-plate-number basis, corresponding to the calendar date; (viii) July 20, The government announced that the national lockdown will be lifted. Services, such as hotels and restaurants, will resume operations from July 30. All flights and transportation will be resumed from August 17. Tourism activities including travel, trekking, mountaineering will also resume operations from August 17. However, recreational activities including parties, seminars, and other public gatherings continue to be restricted. Educational institutions, recreational centers, religious centers, gyms, libraries, museums, and zoos will be closed until further notice; (ix) August 5, The Nepal government has enforced partial lockdown to full lockdown in various parts of the country as cases of coronavirus infection and fatalities continued to soar. The Home Ministry released a list of 14 districts: six districts will be facing a complete restriction in movement, while eight would remain under partial lockdown; (x) August 11, Other containment measures include restrictions on domestic and international passenger flights until August 31; long distance buses will now be allowed to ply from September 1; all educational institutions including schools, colleges, tuition centres and training centers will remain closed. No date for their opening has been announced; restaurants have been limited to takeaway services and all non-essential services like salons, shopping malls, theatres must remain closed; opening of hotels which was supposed to start on August 17, has been pushed back by 15 days; (xi) August 25, The government announced that it will resume flights to repatriate Nepali workers stranded abroad until August 31. After that, airlines will be allowed to operate limited regular international flights. The government has also reversed its earlier requirement that all passengers, even those with PCR reports, have to spend at least one week in a hotel quarantine in Kathmandu at their own expense. Passengers with PCR negative reports will now be allowed to go home for 14 day self-isolation [update]; (xii) August 31, The government has extended the suspension on long-route transportation and domestic flights until September 16. International flights will resume on September 1, but only for Nepalis and diplomats (no foreign tourists). The government also decided to continue the suspension on the operation of schools, colleges and academic institutions until September 16 [update].

Niue 04 04 - Equity support NZD
Niue 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NZD
Palau 04 04 - Equity support USD
Palau 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures USD IMF. (accesed 26 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: The authorities have adopted early prevention and containment measures. These include temporary bans on international air and sea travel, health screening at ports of entry, school closures, and restrictions on public events.

Papua New Guinea 04 04 - Equity support PGK
Papua New Guinea 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures PGK IMF. (accessed 8 May 2020).

(i) The government had started imposing containment measures since early February, including (a) a ban on travelers from Asian countries, (b) reduced international flights, (c) mandatory health declaration forms for incoming travelers and enhanced screening at designated ports of entries; (ii) April 2, the PNG parliament voted to shutdown the country and extended the state of emergency which started on March 24 for further two months.

Samoa 04 04 - Equity support WST
Samoa 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures WST IMF. (accessed 2 September 2020); Government of Samoa. (accessed 24 July 2020); Government of Samoa.; Government of Samoa. (both accessed 7 August 2020); Government of Samoa. (accessed 28 August 2020); Government of Samoa. (accessed 28 August 2020).

(i) January 24, Samoa implemented travel restrictions to protect citizens of the country, among the first countries in the world to do so and has gradually tightened the rules; (ii) March 20, The government declared a State of Emergency and instructed the public to avoid mass gatherings (of five or more people), and unnecessary travel; (iii) March 26, The amended State of Emergency Orders was signed into law, which gives police officers the legal authority to enforce the Emergency Orders to the full extent of the law; April: (iv) The government is taking full precautions and preventive measures to control the transmission of COVID-19, including preparation of the health system to treat and care for patients; (v) The government issued the amendments of the Emergency Orders on May 13 and May 20, to gradually lift lockdown restrictions. Currently most businesses are under normal operations. Social distancing measures still apply for dining at restaurants, and public and village gatherings are permitted only on limited occasions. Social gatherings in public places remain closed until further notice; (vi) June 20, The government issued the latest update to the Emergency Orders (#19), which includes a revised supermarket operating hours; (vii) July 28, the government extended the State of Emergency Orders until August 30; (viii) August 6, Emergency Order #24 was issued which includes travel regulations to Samoa from New Zealand and Fiji, additional guidelines on public gatherings such as church services, weddings, and funerals, and limited operating hours for hotels, restaurants, and small shops; (ix) August 25, All international travel to and from Samoa by plane are temporarily suspended except as provided in exceptional circumstances approved by Cabinet [update]; (x) August 28, The State of Emergency has been extended from August 31 to September 27 [update].

Solomon Islands 04 04 - Equity support SBD IMF. (accessed 19 August 2020).

No amount/estimate: May: (i) The government will use a fraction of the COVID-19 Bond on equity investments into Soltuna, Kolombangara Forest Products Limited, and Solomon Airlines; (ii) The stimulus package includes equity injections to government-owned companies.

Solomon Islands 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures SBD IMF. (accessed 19 August 2020); Solomon Islands Government, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and External Trade. (accessed 28 August 2020).

April: (i) The government has implemented measures to prevent the entry of COVID-19 including suspension of all international flights (except for those carrying essential COVID-19 related cargo), no entry of noncitizens, and strict mandatory quarantine for all returning passengers; (ii) In addition, the government has declared a state of emergency until November, scaled down public services to essential services only and temporarily closed entertainment places, closing schools (most will resume on April 27; exam classes in low-risk areas will resume on May 18) and temporarily suspending some services, as well as restrict travel of its citizens to the capital, Honiara; (iii) The Prime Minister has ordered the restriction of small craft vessels to and from the common border between Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea; (iv) April 8, The government announced an extension of the state of emergency for another 4 months ending on July 25, 2020; May: (v) May 8, The Prime Minister made the order to reopen business entities except for night clubs within the emergency zone, Honiara; (vi) May 11, The national carrier, Solomon Airlines announced the suspension of all international flights until July 15. On June 11, it announced the suspension of all international flights until August 31. On July 29, it extended the suspension of all international flights until October 24, but it will continue to operate government approved cargo and charter flights as needed; (vii) On May 20, the emergency zones went into a mock lockdown for 36 hours to test their capabilities in case of future needs; (viii) May 25, all schools had reopened; (ix) May 26, after confirming its in-country COVID-19 testing capability, the government repatriated its stranded nationals from Australia, New Zealand, Vanuatu, and Fiji. More repatriation flights from these countries were scheduled on June (19 and 31) and July (1); On July 13, The government announced two more repatriation flights scheduled on July 21 and 23 [update].

Sri Lanka 04 04 - Equity support LKR
Sri Lanka 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures LKR IMF. (accessed 2 September 2020); SLRM. Covid-10 policy responses repository as of 25 August 2020; Ministry of Mass Media. (accessed 13 August 2020).

(i) March 11, suspension of visa on arrival for tourists; (ii) March 13, schools and universities closed until April 20; (iii) March 19, government declared a work-from-home arrangement for the public and private sectors, which was extended until April 20; (iv) March 20, The authorities suspended all arriving international flights and ships, while imposing a strict nation-wide curfew, which was gradually eased on May 11, and was fully relaxed on June 6; barring large public gatherings; (v) March 22, All inbound passenger flights and passenger ships suspended, excluding repatriations; (vi) March 23, An island-wide curfew was imposed; (vii) March 26, essential services, including central bank, commercial banks, insurance services, and treasury, remained open; (viii) April 20, All forms of functions, pilgrimages and pleasure tours, carnivals, processions and meetings continued to be banned; (ix) June 29, Night-time curfew removed across the island. Gatherings continue to be subject to public health guidelines. Use of masks in public remains mandatory. All schools to reopen under five stages from June 29 to August 10 [update]; (x) August 10, Local schools have been allowed to reopen in several phases so as to prevent overcrowding within confined spaces. Accordingly certain days of the week have been reserved for particular grades and students to attend school.

Tonga 04 04 - Equity support TOP
Tonga 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures TOP IMF. (accessed 23 July 2020).

(i) The Government of Tonga has been introducing increasingly restrictive containment measures since January 2020; (ii) In March, it toughened measures for incoming travelers, while all international cruise ships and yachts were barred indefinitely; (iii) On March 21, Tonga declared a state of National Emergency. As a preventive measure, a nation-wide lockdown came into effect on March 29, which entails the prohibition of all flights into the country and all public transportation inside the country, the closure of all nonessential businesses and public facilities, a stay-at-home order, a night-time curfew and the prohibition of public gatherings; (iv) The authorities started easing restrictions on April 12, 2020, by lifting the national lockdown, and domestic restrictions were further eased on June 11, for example by further reducing curfew hours and relaxing restrictionsremoving the prohibition on the size of permissible gatheringscontact sports. The state of National Emergency and the border closure, however, have been extended until August 4 and September 12, respectively.

Tuvalu 04 04 - Equity support AUD
Tuvalu 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AUD IMF. (accessed 14 May 2020).

(i) Tuvalu has established a COVID-19 National Taskforce that will act as an Advisory body to Cabinet and provide updates on a regular basis; (ii) Quarantine and self-isolation measures; (iii) The State of Public Health Emergency, which was first declared on March 20, 2020, was extended for another 6 months on March 26, 2020.