Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Bangladesh 04 04 - Equity support BDT
Bangladesh 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BDT Ministry of Public Administration. https://mopa.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/mopa.gov.bd/notices/8b82fa43_9c1a_4269_bc9f_dcf378e47fdf/admin1-2020-347-r1.PDF (accsessed 29 June 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020).

(i) March 23, The government declared a general holiday from March 26 to April 4, which has been extended until May 5: government offices, private offices, and courts will be closed, commercial banks will operate shorter hours; (ii) Individuals have been requested not to leave their homes except to collect daily necessities and emergency supplies, and to wear masks when outside; and (iii) A lockdown has been imposed on 75 hotspots in Dhaka where cases have been identified, and a curfew is in operation from 6pm to 6am.

Bhutan 04 04 - Equity support BTN/INR
Bhutan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BTN/INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); PMO. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1606 (accessed 20 July 2020); Royal Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1664 (accessed 11 August 2020); Royal Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/31-08-20-press-release-pmo/ (accessed 02 September 2020).

(i) Bhutan started imposing containment measures immediately after the first case was recorded on March 6, with restriction of entry of foreign tourists initially for two weeks but extended afterwards and closure of schools in three cities; (ii) March 22, Bhutan sealed off its land borders as a precautionary measure to prevent the spread of COVID-19. For non-Bhutanese, exits are allowed. Incoming non-Bhutanese are scrutinized and quarantined where applicable; (iii) March 27, More containment measures were imposed on public gatherings, travel (within and outside Bhutan), business and entertainment, games and sports and civil service, corporate, private, and other agencies. The quarantine period has been extended to April 21; (iv) Healthcare measures include setting up dedicated hospitals and quarantine centers; (v) June 19, Easing of restrictions, which will be done in phases, in schools, institutes, and colleges, except pre-primary levels, low risk businesses, sports, trainings and workshops, religious and social functions, parks and public spaces, and public transport; (vi) June 19, All government, corporate, and allied agencies are called to discontinue "work from home" starting June 22; (vii) August 11, Government announces nationwide lockdown. On September 1, The government announced a phased easing of lockdown restrictions between September 1 and 10 [update].

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs; (iv) June, EUR5.3 billion for the Solvency Support Instrument that will work via an EU guarantee provided to the European Investment Bank (EIB) Group under the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). Solvency support will form a separate window under the EFSI to mobilise private capital. The EIB Group will use this guarantee to provide financing directly or invest, fund or guarantee equity funds, special purpose vehicles, investment platforms or national promotional banks. These intermediary funds or vehicles must be established and operate in the EU. The Solvency Support Instrument should predominantly channel solvency support through financial market intermediaries and only to a lesser degree facilitate direct support to companies by the EIB Group [update].

European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions .

India 04 04 - Equity support INR
India 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) March 21, A temporary ban for a week on international flights landing in the country for a week; (ii) March 26, Extended ban on all international flights till April 15th, excluding approved all-cargo operations and flights; (iii) March 5, Schools closed in some of the municipalities and states, including Delhi until the end of March, which was eventually expanded to all educational insttitutions in the country; (iv) March 12, Partial shutdowns was imposed on educational institutions, stadiums, cinema halls, and sports clubs and gathering of people were banned in some of the states, including Delhi; (v) March 24, The entire country was placed under lockdown for 21 days which, on April 14, was further extended to May 17; (vi) April 15, the government announced several relaxation measures in geographical areas designated as non-hotspot, with effect from April 20, 2020; (vii) May 30, the government issued ‘Unlock 1’ guidelines for a phased re-opening of most activities across the country and limiting the lockdown only to containment zones for a month until June 30. However, states have been empowered to prohibit certain activities if they deem it necessary.

Maldives 04 04 - Equity support MVR
Maldives 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures MVR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 19 April 2020, 14 May 2020, 4 June 2020, 22 July 2020); The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/16934 (accessed 29 May 2020). The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18190 (accessed 31 July 2020). The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18275 (accessed 7 August 2020). The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18890 (accessed 4 September 2020).

(i) March 12, The government declared a Public Health Emergency. There are several adopted containment measures, including (a) temporary suspension of on-arrival visa for all passengers arriving to Maldives by air and sea, (b) quarantine for all passengers traveling to Maldives by air except for tourists checking-in to resorts, (c) screening at ports of entry, (d) restrictions on travel between resorts and inhabited islands, (e) ban on all cruise ships from entering and docking; requirement on all guest houses and city hotels operating in the Maldives to temporally suspend all tourist check-ins since March 17, and (f) school closures; (ii) April 15, The greater Malé region was placed on lockdown; (iii) May 13, The lockdown was extended to May 28 (third extension since its implementation); (iv) May 28: (a) The state of Public Health Emergency was extended until June 29; and (b) Phase one of lockdown easing started, with a relaxation in temporary permissions for leaving homes as well as allowing certain commercial businesses to open and operate; (v) Since July 1, the country is in phase three of the lockdown ease plan. This phase permits movement in the Greater Malé Region from 5am to 11pm, and only gatherings of less than 30 people are to be allowed in public spaces; (vi) International flights as well as tourism island resorts reopened; (vii) While guesthouses in inhabited islands are opened since July for locals/residents in COVID-19 free islands, guesthouses will be opened for tourists in August; (vii) July 30, Authorities mandated wearing face masks in public spaces of the capital city of Malé in response to a surge in COVID-19 cases in Maldives. Individuals in public spaces without masks would be fined by MVR1,000 starting from August 1; (viii) August 4, The Health Protection Agency (HPA) implemented a curfew over the Greater Malé Region; (ix) September 3, The Ministry of Education extended the closure of schools in the Greater Malé Region by an additional two weeks in connection to the surge of COVID-19 cases in the area [update].

Nepal 04 04 - Equity support NPR
Nepal 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NPR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 2 September 2020). Business World. http://www.businessworld.in/article/Nepal-re-enforces-lockdown-as-COVID-19-cases-surge/05-08-2020-305469/ (accessed 6 August 2020); The Kathmandu Post. https://kathmandupost.com/politics/2020/08/12/nepal-braces-for-a-return-to-locked-down-life-as-rise-in-covid-19-cases-rings-alarm-bells (accessed 13 August 2020); Nepali Times. https://www.nepalitimes.com/latest/repatriation-regular-flights-to-nepal-to-resume/ (accessed 26 August 2020); Online Khabar. https://english.onlinekhabar.com/nepal-extends-suspension-on-long-route-transport-domestic-flights-until-sept-16.html (accessed 31 August 2020).

April: (i) Closure of cinema halls, stadiums, health clubs, museums, bars and other recreational places and public transportation until July 22; (ii) Closure of land-border crossings; June: (iii) Nationwide lockdown until July 22; (iv) Ban on domestic and international flights (except chartered flights) until July 22; (v) The government began easing the lockdown on June 12, allowing shops to open; (vi) Government, private offices, and banks have reopened from June 15, with government staff working in shifts; (vii) Private vehicles are allowed to operate on an alternating odd-even license-plate-number basis, corresponding to the calendar date; (viii) July 20, The government announced that the national lockdown will be lifted. Services, such as hotels and restaurants, will resume operations from July 30. All flights and transportation will be resumed from August 17. Tourism activities including travel, trekking, mountaineering will also resume operations from August 17. However, recreational activities including parties, seminars, and other public gatherings continue to be restricted. Educational institutions, recreational centers, religious centers, gyms, libraries, museums, and zoos will be closed until further notice; (ix) August 5, The Nepal government has enforced partial lockdown to full lockdown in various parts of the country as cases of coronavirus infection and fatalities continued to soar. The Home Ministry released a list of 14 districts: six districts will be facing a complete restriction in movement, while eight would remain under partial lockdown; (x) August 11, Other containment measures include restrictions on domestic and international passenger flights until August 31; long distance buses will now be allowed to ply from September 1; all educational institutions including schools, colleges, tuition centres and training centers will remain closed. No date for their opening has been announced; restaurants have been limited to takeaway services and all non-essential services like salons, shopping malls, theatres must remain closed; opening of hotels which was supposed to start on August 17, has been pushed back by 15 days; (xi) August 25, The government announced that it will resume flights to repatriate Nepali workers stranded abroad until August 31. After that, airlines will be allowed to operate limited regular international flights. The government has also reversed its earlier requirement that all passengers, even those with PCR reports, have to spend at least one week in a hotel quarantine in Kathmandu at their own expense. Passengers with PCR negative reports will now be allowed to go home for 14 day self-isolation [update]; (xii) August 31, The government has extended the suspension on long-route transportation and domestic flights until September 16. International flights will resume on September 1, but only for Nepalis and diplomats (no foreign tourists). The government also decided to continue the suspension on the operation of schools, colleges and academic institutions until September 16 [update].

Sri Lanka 04 04 - Equity support LKR
Sri Lanka 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures LKR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 2 September 2020); SLRM. Covid-10 policy responses repository as of 25 August 2020; Ministry of Mass Media. https://www.media.gov.lk/media-gallery/latest-news/2507-schools-to-re-open-today (accessed 13 August 2020).

(i) March 11, suspension of visa on arrival for tourists; (ii) March 13, schools and universities closed until April 20; (iii) March 19, government declared a work-from-home arrangement for the public and private sectors, which was extended until April 20; (iv) March 20, The authorities suspended all arriving international flights and ships, while imposing a strict nation-wide curfew, which was gradually eased on May 11, and was fully relaxed on June 6; barring large public gatherings; (v) March 22, All inbound passenger flights and passenger ships suspended, excluding repatriations; (vi) March 23, An island-wide curfew was imposed; (vii) March 26, essential services, including central bank, commercial banks, insurance services, and treasury, remained open; (viii) April 20, All forms of functions, pilgrimages and pleasure tours, carnivals, processions and meetings continued to be banned; (ix) June 29, Night-time curfew removed across the island. Gatherings continue to be subject to public health guidelines. Use of masks in public remains mandatory. All schools to reopen under five stages from June 29 to August 10 [update]; (x) August 10, Local schools have been allowed to reopen in several phases so as to prevent overcrowding within confined spaces. Accordingly certain days of the week have been reserved for particular grades and students to attend school.

Bangladesh 04 04 - Equity support BDT
Bangladesh 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BDT Ministry of Public Administration. https://mopa.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/mopa.gov.bd/notices/8b82fa43_9c1a_4269_bc9f_dcf378e47fdf/admin1-2020-347-r1.PDF (accsessed 29 June 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020).

(i) March 23, The government declared a general holiday from March 26 to April 4, which has been extended until May 5: government offices, private offices, and courts will be closed, commercial banks will operate shorter hours; (ii) Individuals have been requested not to leave their homes except to collect daily necessities and emergency supplies, and to wear masks when outside; and (iii) A lockdown has been imposed on 75 hotspots in Dhaka where cases have been identified, and a curfew is in operation from 6pm to 6am.

Bhutan 04 04 - Equity support BTN/INR
Bhutan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BTN/INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); PMO. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1606 (accessed 20 July 2020); Royal Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1664 (accessed 11 August 2020).

(i) Bhutan started imposing containment measures immediately after the first case was recorded on March 6, with restriction of entry of foreign tourists initially for two weeks but extended afterwards and closure of schools in three cities; (ii) March 22, Bhutan sealed off its land borders as a precautionary measure to prevent the spread of COVID-19. For non-Bhutanese, exits are allowed. Incoming non-Bhutanese are scrutinized and quarantined where applicable; (iii) March 27, More containment measures were imposed on public gatherings, travel (within and outside Bhutan), business and entertainment, games and sports and civil service, corporate, private, and other agencies. The quarantine period has been extended to April 21; (iv) Healthcare measures include setting up dedicated hospitals and quarantine centers; (v) June 19, Easing of restrictions, which will be done in phases, in schools, institutes, and colleges, except pre-primary levels, low risk businesses, sports, trainings and workshops, religious and social functions, parks and public spaces, and public transport; (vi) June 19, All government, corporate, and allied agencies are called to discontinue "work from home" starting June 22; (vii) August 11, Government announces nationwide lockdown [update].

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs.

European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions .

India 04 04 - Equity support INR
India 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) March 21, A temporary ban for a week on international flights landing in the country for a week; (ii) March 26, Extended ban on all international flights till April 15th, excluding approved all-cargo operations and flights; (iii) March 5, Schools closed in some of the municipalities and states, including Delhi until the end of March, which was eventually expanded to all educational insttitutions in the country; (iv) March 12, Partial shutdowns was imposed on educational institutions, stadiums, cinema halls, and sports clubs and gathering of people were banned in some of the states, including Delhi; (v) March 24, The entire country was placed under lockdown for 21 days which, on April 14, was further extended to May 17; (vi) April 15, the government announced several relaxation measures in geographical areas designated as non-hotspot, with effect from April 20, 2020; (vii) May 30, the government issued ‘Unlock 1’ guidelines for a phased re-opening of most activities across the country and limiting the lockdown only to containment zones for a month until June 30. However, states have been empowered to prohibit certain activities if they deem it necessary.

Maldives 04 04 - Equity support MVR
Maldives 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures MVR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 19 April 2020, 14 May 2020, 4 June 2020, 22 July 2020); The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/16934 (accessed 29 May 2020). The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18190 (accessed 31 July 2020). The edition. https://edition.mv/news/18275 (accessed 7 August 2020).

(i) March 12, The government declared a Public Health Emergency. There are several adopted containment measures, including (a) temporary suspension of on-arrival visa for all passengers arriving to Maldives by air and sea, (b) quarantine for all passengers traveling to Maldives by air except for tourists checking-in to resorts, (c) screening at ports of entry, (d) restrictions on travel between resorts and inhabited islands, (e) ban on all cruise ships from entering and docking; requirement on all guest houses and city hotels operating in the Maldives to temporally suspend all tourist check-ins since March 17, and (f) school closures; (ii) April 15, The greater Malé region was placed on lockdown; (iii) May 13, The lockdown was extended to May 28 (third extension since its implementation); (iv) May 28: (a) The state of Public Health Emergency was extended until June 29; and (b) Phase one of lockdown easing started, with a relaxation in temporary permissions for leaving homes as well as allowing certain commercial businesses to open and operate; (v) Since July 1, the country is in phase three of the lockdown ease plan. This phase permits movement in the Greater Malé Region from 5am to 11pm, and only gatherings of less than 30 people are to be allowed in public spaces; (vi) International flights as well as tourism island resorts reopened; (vii) While guesthouses in inhabited islands are opened since July for locals/residents in COVID-19 free islands, guesthouses will be opened for tourists in August; (vii) July 30, Authorities mandated wearing face masks in public spaces of the capital city of Malé in response to a surge in COVID-19 cases in Maldives. Individuals in public spaces without masks would be fined by MVR1,000 starting from August 1; (viii) August 4, The Health Protection Agency (HPA) implemented a curfew over the greater Malé region.

Nepal 04 04 - Equity support NPR
Nepal 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NPR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 19 August 2020). Business World. http://www.businessworld.in/article/Nepal-re-enforces-lockdown-as-COVID-19-cases-surge/05-08-2020-305469/ (accessed 6 August 2020); The Kathmandu Post. https://kathmandupost.com/politics/2020/08/12/nepal-braces-for-a-return-to-locked-down-life-as-rise-in-covid-19-cases-rings-alarm-bells (accessed 13 August 2020).

April: (i) Closure of cinema halls, stadiums, health clubs, museums, bars and other recreational places and public transportation until July 22; (ii) Closure of land-border crossings; June: (iii) Nationwide lockdown until July 22; (iv) Ban on domestic and international flights (except chartered flights) until July 22; (v) The government began easing the lockdown on June 12, allowing shops to open; (vi) Government, private offices, and banks have reopened from June 15, with government staff working in shifts; (vii) Private vehicles are allowed to operate on an alternating odd-even license-plate-number basis, corresponding to the calendar date; (viii) July 20, The government announced that the national lockdown will be lifted. Services, such as hotels and restaurants, will resume operations from July 30. All flights and transportation will be resumed from August 17. Tourism activities including travel, trekking, mountaineering will also resume operations from August 17. However, recreational activities including parties, seminars, and other public gatherings continue to be restricted. Educational institutions, recreational centers, religious centers, gyms, libraries, museums, and zoos will be closed until further notice; (ix) August 5, The Nepal government has enforced partial lockdown to full lockdown in various parts of the country as cases of coronavirus infection and fatalities continued to soar. The Home Ministry released a list of 14 districts: six districts will be facing a complete restriction in movement, while eight would remain under partial lockdown; (x) August 11, Other containment measures include restrictions on domestic and international passenger flights until August 31; long distance buses will now be allowed to ply from September 1; all educational institutions including schools, colleges, tuition centres and training centers will remain closed. No date for their opening has been announced; restaurants have been limited to takeaway services and all non-essential services like salons, shopping malls, theatres must remain closed; opening of hotels which was supposed to start on August 17, has been pushed back by 15 days [update].

Sri Lanka 04 04 - Equity support LKR
Sri Lanka 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures LKR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 19 August 2020); SLRM. Covid-10 policy responses repository as of 2 July 2020; Ministry of Mass Media. https://www.media.gov.lk/media-gallery/latest-news/2507-schools-to-re-open-today (accessed 13 August 2020).

(i) March 11, suspension of visa on arrival for tourists; (ii) March 13, schools and universities closed until April 20; (iii) March 19, government declared a work-from-home arrangement for the public and private sectors, which was extended until April 20; (iv) March 20, The authorities suspended all arriving international flights and ships, while imposing a strict nation-wide curfew, which was gradually eased on May 11, and was fully relaxed on June 6; barring large public gatherings; (v) March 22, All inbound passenger flights and passenger ships suspended, excluding repatriations [update]; (vi) March 23, An island-wide curfew was imposed; (vii) March 26, essential services, including central bank, commercial banks, insurance services, and treasury, remained open; (viii) April 20, All forms of functions, pilgrimages and pleasure tours, carnivals, processions and meetings continued to be banned; (ix) June 29, Night-time curfew removed across the island. Gatherings continue to be subject to public health guidelines. Use of masks in public remains mandatory. All schools to reopen under four stages from 29 June to 27 July; (x) August 10, Local schools have been allowed to reopen in several phases so as to prevent overcrowding within confined spaces. Accordingly certain days of the week have been reserved for particular grades and students to attend school [update].

Bangladesh 04 04 - Equity support BDT
Bangladesh 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BDT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020).

(i) March 23, The government declared a general holiday from March 26 to April 4, which has been extended until May 5: government offices, private offices, and courts will be closed, commercial banks will operate shorter hours; (ii) Individuals have been requested not to leave their homes except to collect daily necessities and emergency supplies, and to wear masks when outside; and (iii) A lockdown has been imposed on 75 hotspots in Dhaka where cases have been identified, and a curfew is in operation from 6pm to 6am.

Bhutan 04 04 - Equity support BTN/INR
Bhutan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BTN/INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

(i) Bhutan started imposing containment measures immediately after the first case was recorded on March 6, with restriction of entry of foreign tourists initially for two weeks but extended afterwards and closure of schools in three cities; (ii) March 22, Bhutan sealed off its land borders as a precautionary measure to prevent the spread of COVID-19. For non-Bhutanese, exits are allowed. Incoming non-Bhutanese are scrutinized and quarantined where applicable; (iii) March 27, More containment measures were imposed on public gatherings, travel (within and outside Bhutan), business and entertainment, games and sports and civil service, corporate, private, and other agencies. The quarantine period has been extended to April 21; (iv) Healthcare measures include setting up dedicated hospitals and quarantine centers.

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs [update].

European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions .

India 04 04 - Equity support INR
India 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) March 21, A temporary ban for a week on international flights landing in the country for a week; (ii) March 26, Extended ban on all international flights till April 15th, excluding approved all-cargo operations and flights; (iii) March 5, Schools closed in some of the municipalities and states, including Delhi until the end of March, which was eventually expanded to all educational insttitutions in the country; (iv) March 12, Partial shutdowns was imposed on educational institutions, stadiums, cinema halls, and sports clubs and gathering of people were banned in some of the states, including Delhi; (v) March 24, The entire country was placed under lockdown for 21 days which, on April 14, was further extended to May 17; (vi) April 15, the government announced several relaxation measures in geographical areas designated as non-hotspot, with effect from April 20, 2020; (vii) May 30, the government issued ‘Unlock 1’ guidelines for a phased re-opening of most activities across the country and limiting the lockdown only to containment zones for a month until June 30. However, states have been empowered to prohibit certain activities if they deem it necessary. [update]