Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 04 04 - Equity support AFN
Afghanistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AFN
Afghanistan 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) AFN UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

(i) Between March and April 2020, Border closures and suspension of international and domestic flights; As of November, both domestic and international travel has resumed. However, passengers will still need to carry a COVID-19 negative certificate.

Afghanistan 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace AFN UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

(i) 6 June 2020, The government extended the nationwide lockdown that had been in place since late March/early April for 3 more months. All public places are to remain closed, while public transportation facilities carrying more than 4 passengers are not allowed to travel. Restaurants and coffee shops are only allowed to carry out deliveries and take-outs. As of November 2020, this 6-month lockdown has been lifted.

Afghanistan 12C 12C - Others AFN UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

(i) March 26, The government released over 10,000 prisoners to reduce the risk of mass infections in penitentiaries; (ii) Social distancing measures, including a three-week lockdown of Kabul (28 March 2020) and Ghazni (1 April 2020) and restricting daily movements to those deemed essential; (iii) Lockdowns in over 20 provinces, including Kabul and other cities, were extended for 3 weeks on 17 April; (iv) 6 June 2020, The government extended the nationwide lockdown for 3 more months, as well as mandating additional health precautions. As of November, the lockdown has been lifted. Public gatherings are now allowed, and educational institutions have reopened.

Armenia 04 04 - Equity support AMD
Armenia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AMD
Armenia 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) AMD UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Armenia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020). Tass News Agency. https://tass.com/economy/1244483 (accessed 14 January 2021)

(i) 16 March 2020, The government declared a national state of emergency, first until 14 April, but subsequently extended to 14 May, 13 June, 13 July, and finally being lifted on 11 September. During the state of emergency, travel bans were imposed on citizens from high-risk countries. Public transportation and other domestic travel was reopened earlier, on 18 May; (ii) 13 January 2021, Entry restrictions for foreigners in Armenia are withdrawn; all foreigners now can enter both by air and via ground checkpoints, as long as they have a negative PCR test result made within last 72 hours.

Armenia 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace AMD UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Armenia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

16 March 2020, As part of the state of emergency, the government implemented closures of public spaces. Retail businesses and restaurants were allowed to reopen earlier, on 18 May.

Armenia 12C 12C - Others AMD UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Armenia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 5 December 2020)

(i) 16 March 2020, The government declared a national state of emergency, first until 14 April, but subsequently extended to 14 May, 13 June, 13 July, and finally being lifted on 11 September. As part of the state of emergency, the government implemented lockdowns as well as social distancing protocols and other health precautions; (ii) Quarantine is still in effect until 11 January 2021, which bans large gatherings and requires 14-day self-isolation and testing for people entering the country.

Azerbaijan 04 04 - Equity support AZN
Azerbaijan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AZN
Azerbaijan 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) AZN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/868/ (accessed 8 December 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/900/ (accessed 8 December 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/1017/ (accessed 8 December 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/1130/ (accessed 8 December 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/1263/ (accessed 10 December 2020).

(i) 24 March 2020, The government imposed travel restriction measures, including border closures, restriction of domestic movements, closure of airports and transportation hubs; (ii) 4 May 2020, The authorities began a staged relaxation of restrictions, including reestablishing freedom of private vehicular travel between cities and districts; (iii) 29 May 2020, The majority of the States have temporarily closed the borders and extended the postponement of international flights until 15 June 2020 (except cargo transportation and charter flights); (iv) 19 June 2020, Announced closure of borders until August 1 because COVID-19 cases rose during the first half of June 2020 when Azerbaijan announced to reopen; (v) 07 September 2020, Restrictions on travel to and from Baku, Sumgayit cities and Absheron district are being lifted (except for intercity and inter-district passenger transportation); (vi) 16 October 2020, Passenger transportation services of the Baku Metro are to be suspended starting from 00:00, 19 October 2020 until 06:00, 2 November 2020; (vii) 8 December 2020, The government announced stricter mobility measures starting 14 December 2020 to 18 January 2021, i.e. entry and exit into the various cities around the country.

Azerbaijan 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace AZN
Azerbaijan 12C 12C - Others AZN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); Cabinet Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/az/article/680/ (accessed 20 May 2020). US Embassy in Azerbaijan. https://az.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information-for-azerbaijan/ (accessed 15 July 2020); Cabinet of Ministers. https://nk.gov.az/en/article/1263/ (accessed 10 December 2020).

(i) To contain the spread of COVID-19, the authorities have introduced a special quarantine regime (until 15 June 2020). It includes border closures, required quarantine of returning citizens, prohibition of mass gatherings; (ii) The COVID-19 Operational Headquarters has been created under the Cabinet of Ministers, and working groups within various ministries and the CBA have been tasked with developing specific measures. These restrictions are being slowly relaxed starting 4 May 2020; (iii) July 2020, Because of the increasing cases of infections, the government announced the decision to prolong a strict quarantine regime until 20 July 2020 and special quarantine regime until 1 August 2020. (iv) 8 December 2020, The special quarantine regime in the country is extended until 06:00 of 31 January 2021. During this period, all commercial facilities, public services institutions, including restaurants, cafes and tea houses are authorized to serve customers on delivery services and online sale only.

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Central Bank 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) EUR
European Central Bank 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace EUR
European Central Bank 12C 12C - Others EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020).

(i) 8 April 2020, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) 24 April 2020, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) 8 June 2020, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs; (iv) June 2020, EUR5.3 billion for the Solvency Support Instrument that will work via an EU guarantee provided to the European Investment Bank (EIB) Group under the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). Solvency support will form a separate window under the EFSI to mobilize private capital. The EIB Group will use this guarantee to provide financing directly or invest, fund or guarantee equity funds, special purpose vehicles, investment platforms or national promotional banks. These intermediary funds or vehicles must be established and operate in the EU. The Solvency Support Instrument should predominantly channel solvency support through financial market intermediaries and only to a lesser degree facilitate direct support to companies by the EIB Group.

European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020); Council of the EU. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/10/13/covid-19-council-adopts-a-recommendation-to-coordinate-measures-affecting-free-movement/ (accessed 26 January 2021); EC https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_195 (accessed 26 January 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_194 (accessed 26 January 2021).

(i) Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June 2020 and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions; (ii) 13 October 2020, The European Council adopts a recommendation to coordinate measures affecting free movement with the region. EU member states have agreed on a common approach to travel measures and developed common criteria for mapping risk (for details, see: 3ogFom7). The coordinated approach ensures freedom of movement, increases transparency for citizens and businesses and avoids fragmentation and disruption of services. 25 January 2021, In light of the new coronavirus variant, the EC proposes to update the Council recommendation on the agreed color code for the mapping of risk areas and Stricter measures for travelers from higher-risk areas [update]; (iii) 25 January 2021, EC proposes additional safeguards on travel from outside the EU and updated criteria for applying travel restrictions [update].

European Union 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented.

European Union 12C 12C - Others EUR EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2254 (accessed 20 January 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_3 (accessed 5 February 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2466 (accessed 5 February 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_306 (accessed 5 February 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_143 (accessed 20 January 2021).

(i) 2 December 2020, To sustainably manage the pandemic over the winter months, the EC adopted “Staying Safe from COVID-19 during Winter" strategy recommending continued vigilance and caution throughout the winter period and into 2021 when the roll out of safe and effective vaccines will take place. Recommended control measures concern physical distancing and limiting social contacts, testing and contact tracing, and safe travel, among others; (ii) 19 January 2021, To step up the fight against the pandemic, The EC called on Member States to accelerate the roll-out of vaccination across the EU, continue to apply physical distancing, limit social contacts, fight disinformation, coordinate travel restrictions, ramp up testing, and increase contact tracing and genome sequencing to face up to the risk from new variants of the virus.

Georgia 04 04 - Equity support GEL
Georgia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures GEL
Georgia 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) GEL UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Georgia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20280820.pdf (accessed 13 December 2020). Civil.ge. https://civil.ge/archives/392589 (accessed 28 January 2021)

(i) From 21 March 2020 to 22 May 2020, The country was under a state of emergency closing domestic and international borders. Domestic tourism reopened on 15 June 2020, while international tourists were accepted starting September; (ii) 22 January 2021, Public transport will remain closed in the capital city of Tbilisi, as well as in two large cities of Rustavi and Kutaisi until 1 March. In the port cities of Batumi and Poti, as well as in Zugdidi, Gori and Telavi, municipal transport (albeit available only on workdays) will resume as planned starting 1 February. [update]

Georgia 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace GEL UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Georgia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20280820.pdf (accessed 8 December 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 January 2021). Civil.ge. https://civil.ge/archives/392589 (accessed 28 January 2021)

(i) From 21 March 2020 to 22 May 2020, The country was under a state of emergency mandating social distancing, mask wearing, as well as the closure of schools and shops (other than groceries and gas stations). (ii) June 8, Restaurants with indoor seating, selected hotels, and currency exchange offices were allowed to reopen; (iii) 13 July 2020, Outdoor cultural events and indoor rehearsals are allowed; (iii) As of 15 October 2020, Restaurants and entertainment facilities are banned from operating past 10pm; (iv) From 16-30 January 2021, shops and businesses will reopen, but only during the weekdays. The curfew between 9 a.m. and 5 a.m. will be maintained until end-January; (v) 22 January 2021, All kinds of shops and shopping malls will reopen in the cities, while open and closed marketplaces will also be back to work starting 15 February. Finally, the ban on gyms, swimming pools, as well as the restrictions in place in Georgia’s ski resorts – originally set to open on 1 February – have been kept in effect until further notice. [update]

Georgia 12C 12C - Others GEL UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Georgia_COVID%20Country%20profile%20280820.pdf (accessed 13 December 2020). Civil.ge. https://civil.ge/archives/392589 (accessed 28 January 2021)

(i) Under the state of emergency from March-May 2020, citizens were also subject to a 9pm-6am curfew. When going outside, they were also expected to carry identity documents at all times; (iii) As of 9 November 2020, curfew will be re-imposed from 10pm-5am due to a recent resurgence in cases. The curfew between will be maintained until end-January 2021. Development of the pandemic curve will guide the government’s further decisions; (ii) On 15 June 2020, The government released an expanded list of high-risk groups who would be able to avail mandatory, free-of-charge COVID-19 testing; (iii) During 3-15 January 2021, there will be an official public holiday, which means that none of the public or private organizations will work, except for banks and strategic state services. All the containment measures effective during November 28 and December 24 will be reinstituted; (iv) 22 January 2021, Schools will remain closed in the capital city of Tbilisi, as well as in two large cities of Rustavi and Kutaisi until 1 March. In the port cities of Batumi and Poti, as well as in Zugdidi, Gori and Telavi, physical attendance at schools will resume as planned starting 1 February.

Kazakhstan 04 04 - Equity support KZT
Kazakhstan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures KZT
Kazakhstan 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) KZT UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Kazakhstan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 6 December 2020)

(i) 16 March 2020, The government imposed stringent border controls and testing requirements at the borders; (ii) Internal flights have resumed, but borders remain closed to non-citizens, as well as international flights from COVID-19 affected countries; (iii) The visa exemption for 56 countries (including EU and France) has been suspended until 1 November.

Kazakhstan 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace KZT UNESCAP. https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Kazakhstan_COVID%20Country%20profile%20041120.pdf (accessed 6 December 2020)

(i) During the state of emergency, non-essential businesses had to remain closed; (ii) The State Commission On Ensuring the State of Emergency is preparing a list of businesses that will resume their activities, which includes industrial enterprises, construction and road construction companies, transport companies, banks and public service centres.

Kazakhstan 12C 12C - Others KZT Anadolu Agency. https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/kazakhstan-to-kick-off-covid-19-vaccination-next-month/2114814 (accessed 21 January 2021)

(i) 16 March 2020, The government declared a state of emergency, extended to and eventually lifted on May 11. Large cities were put under lockdown with entry/exit bans, while social distancing measures were required. Schooling was moved online, and will last after May 11. Lockdowns were reinstated from 5 July to 2 August; (ii) 19 January 2021, the government announced that mass vaccination will start on 1 February.

Kyrgyz Republic 04 04 - Equity support KGS
Kyrgyz Republic 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures KGS
Kyrgyz Republic 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) KGS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 26 May 2020, 24 June 2020); CAREC Institute (accessed 26 May 2020, 11 June 2020); Kabar. http://en.kabar.kg/news/turkey-uae-resume-flights-with-kyrgyzstan/ (accessed 8 August 2020); Kabar. http://en.kabar.kg/news/kyrgyzstan-to-resume-air-service-with-central-asian-countries/ (accessed 11 September 2020). Kabar. http://en.kabar.kg/news/kyrgyzstan-to-resume-regular-flights-with-russia/ (accessed 25 September 2020).

(i) 25 May 2020, Public transport has opened; (ii) April 2020, The authorities have taken drastic measures to prevent the outbreak including (a) the closure of borders with People's Republic of China where 36% of imports of goods originate, and (b) border restrictions with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan; (iii) From 5 June 2020, domestic flights and public transport between the regions of Kyrgyz Republic restarted; (iv) From 8 June 2020, restriction on visits to religious institutions is lifted; (v) 15 June 2020, International flights resumed; (vi) 7 August 2020, The Kyrgyz Republic resumed its international flights with Turkey and United Arab Emirates; (vii) 10 September 2020, The Kyrgyz Republic resumed its international flights with Kuwait; (viii) The Kyrgyz Republic resumed its international flights with Kazakhstan on 20 September 2020 and with Russian Federation on 21 September 2020.

Kyrgyz Republic 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace KGS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 26 May 2020); CAREC Institute (accessed 26 May 2020).

(i) 21 May 2020, Large shopping centers have opened; (ii) 25 May 2020, Cafes and restaurants fitting no more than 50 people have been allowed to resume operation in Bishkek.

Kyrgyz Republic 12C 12C - Others KGS World Trade Organization (WTO). https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 13 April 2020, 17 May 2020); Kabar. http://en.kabar.kg/news/62-schools-in-kyrgyzstan-study-in-traditional-mode/ (accessed 9 September 2020)

(i) Effective 22 March 2020 for 6 months (a) temporary export ban on wipes, other antibacterial products, and disinfectants, and (b) temporary export ban on certain food products like wheat, meslin, etc.; (ii) April 2020, The authorities have taken drastic measures to prevent the outbreak including (a) the quarantine of people coming from abroad, (b) a lockdown of all non-essential activities, and (c) a curfew; (iii) 10 May 2020, The state of emergency ended and the curfew was lifted while the quarantine regime will work until the stabilization of the epidemiological situation; (iv) As of 8 September 2020, the Ministry of Education said that in the first quarter of the 2020-2021 academic year in Kyrgyz Republic, only 1st grades are taught in the traditional format. The rest of them are taught remotely. At the same time, 62 schools of the Republic are allowed to teach children of all classes in the traditional mode. These are small-scale or elementary schools located in areas where no cases of coronavirus infection have been detected.

Pakistan 04 04 - Equity support PKR
Pakistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures PKR