Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Arab Republic of Egypt 04 04 - Equity support EGP 20,000,000,000 1,272,671,633 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

EGP20 billion stock-purchase program has been launched by the Central Bank.

Arab Republic of Egypt 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EGP IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 3 July 2020).

(i) April 28, A Presidential decree published in the Official Gazette declared the state of emergency across the country for three months; (ii) The authorities have taken a host of precautionary measures to improve testing as well as to limit the community spread of the virus, including (a) setting up testing centers, (b) imposing a nighttime curfew, (c) temporarily closing places of worship, (d) temporarily halting all air travel, (e) encouraging civil servants to work from home in non-essential sectors, (f) closing all malls, gyms, sporting clubs, in-dining restaurants and cafes; (iii) Authorities have also suspended the export of all types of legumes for a period of 3 months and plan to start increasing strategic food reserves to meet domestic deman; (iv) Egypt’s Health Ministry released a 3-stage plan outlining required procedures in preparation for the gradual easing of restrictions within the country; (v) Starting July 2020, there will be a gradual re-opening of the economy – air travel will resume, restaurants and cafes will open with 25 percent capacity, stores will close at 9 pm while restaurants and cafes will close at 10 pm, public parks and beaches will remain closed until further notice, public transportation will operate between 4 am and midnight, places of worship will be open for daily prayers but main prayers like Friday prayers and masses will not be allowed, cinemas, theaters, and entertainment venues will operate with 25 percent capacity. [update]

Argentina 04 04 - Equity support ARS
Argentina 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures ARS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 April 2020).

The country has adopted full closure of borders and a nation-wide quarantine, beginning on March 20 and lasting until at least April 26, including closed borders.

Brazil 04 04 - Equity support BRL
Brazil 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BRL KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/03/flash-alert-2020-119.html (accessed 29 April 2020).

(i) Several travel restrictions for individuals coming to Brazil (Venezuela, Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, and Suriname, Uruguay, the People’s Republic of China, the European Union member states, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, the United Kingdom & Northern Ireland, Australia, Japan, and Malaysia); (ii) Brazil’s population has been advised to stay at home in self-isolation as much as possible; (iii) Businesses have largely adhered to this policy and have requested that their employees work remotely or take early vacation; (iv) No nationwide lockdown, but 23 of Brazil's 27 federative units (states) have imposed confinement measures; (v) Schools are not closed nationwide, but several states and municipalities have closed educational institutions. For example, in São Paulo, schools have been closed since 23/3.

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs.

European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions .

Islamic Republic of Iran 04 04 - Equity support IRR
Islamic Republic of Iran 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures IRR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) Stopped flights from China, closed schools and malls, key religious sites, banned cultural and religious gatherings, released a high number of prisoners; (ii) March 25, partial lockdown announced, closing of businesses and government offices for two weeks; (iii) Staggered reopening of businesses that are low or average risk in terms spreading the virus; (iv) April 27, reopened all international borders (except Turkmenistan) to revive regional trade.

Mexico 04 04 - Equity support MXN
Mexico 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures MXN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020).

Travel restrictions, social distancing, closure of schools and shutdown of non-essential activities. Reopening of the economy. On May 14, the government announced plans to begin the normalization of economic activities, including a green-yellow-orange-red color system for states to represent the extent of activities allowed (e.g. states with most active cases are red and would remain in a forced quarantine), the resumption of school and labor activities in municipalities free of infection, and the addition of construction, mining, and transport equipment manufacturing as essential activities.

Nigeria 04 04 - Equity support NGN
Nigeria 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NGN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19?fbclid=IwAR3QQSk6OmfE7YbISvq0_ut_FpTD_Bc00gRB-YJ_YA_VB-VlWiYD9PBO0Ro#P (accessed 4 May 2020). KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/nigeria-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 4 May 2020).

(i) Closure of airports, schools, universities, and other public places; (ii) March 30, Lockdown declared in Lagos, Abuja, and Ogun states; (iii) Flexible work arrangements encouraged in several states; (iv) Increased daily testing capacity to 2,500; (v) Release of inmates in correctional facilities to decongest prisons; (vi) May 4, Gradual easing of lockdown measures. However, new nationwide measures were introduced, including nighttime curfew, ban on non-essential inter-state passenger travel, partial and controlled interstate movement of goods and services, and mandatory use of face masks or coverings in public; (vii) NCDC launched a WhatsApp APL, a free-to-use service to provide a central source of accurate, verified and current information on COVID-19 in Nigeria.

Russian Federation 04 04 - Equity support RUB
Russian Federation 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures RUB IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 17 June 2020).

Russia has taken several measures to combat the pandemic, including: (i) progressively closing the border with the People's Republic of China and some European countries; (ii) mandating self-quarantine for people arriving from other countries and people at risk; (iii) closing schools, theaters, and sports facilities, and encouraged remote work; (iv) March 30, the authorities announced an open-ended quarantine in Moscow requiring non-essential businesses to close and people to remain indoors; (v) the central government has asked regional authorities to implement containment policies commensurate with the extent of infection in their regions; (vi) June 1, Moscow will move to the second stage of reopening, with opening some non-essential shops and service sector businesses with tightened safety requirements; (vii) On June 8, Moscow unexpectedly moved to the third stage of reopening earlier than planned, lifting all major restrictions, while preserving safety requirements. Moscow’s economy is now largely back to business.

Saudi Arabia 04 04 - Equity support SAR
Saudi Arabia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures SAR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 26 June 2020).

(i) April 6, Nighttime curfew in various cities including Mecca and Madina; (ii) Restrictions on international and domestic travel; (iii) Closing mosques, schools, universities, and shopping malls; (iv) Suspending employee attendance at government and private workplaces; (v) Increasing mass testing; (vi) The Ministry of Hajj called on countries to delay their bookings for the 2020 Hajj season. On June 22, the Saudi authorities announced that only a “very limited” number of people who are living in the kingdom are allowed to take part in the 2020 Hajj pilgrimage in July; (vii) April 22, Launch of a repatriation program for expatriates; (viii) April 26, partial lifting of the curfew in all regions, except in Mecca and previously isolated neighborhoods; (ix) 28 May, the curfew will be eased to be from 3pm to 6am and will be entirely lifted on 26 June except for Mecca where it will be over 3pm-6am only from 21 June; (x) The all clear phase will start on June 21, when all curfew restrictions will be completely lifted and the situation will be allowed to return to normal throughout the country (as it was before the curfew procedures), except in the city of Makkah; (xi) The curfew in Jeddah was reinstated for 15 days starting from June 6.

South Africa 04 04 - Equity support ZAR
South Africa 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures ZAR Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) March 15, national state of disaster declared; (ii) nationwide lockdown; (iii) travel ban of foreign nationals from high-risk countries; (iv) screening at ports of entry; (v) school closures; (vi) screening visits to homes; (vii) introduction of mobile technology to track and trace contacts of those infected; (viii) banning of large gatherings. (ix) Effective June 1, further relaxation of the lockdown was announced.

Arab Republic of Egypt 04 04 - Equity support EGP 20,000,000,000 1,272,671,632 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

EGP20 billion stock-purchase program has been launched by the Central Bank.

Arab Republic of Egypt 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EGP IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

(i) April 28, A Presidential decree published in the Official Gazette declared the state of emergency across the country for three months; (ii) The authorities have taken a host of precautionary measures to improve testing as well as to limit the community spread of the virus, including (a) setting up testing centers, (b) imposing a nighttime curfew, (c) temporarily closing places of worship, (d) temporarily halting all air travel, (e) encouraging civil servants to work from home in non-essential sectors, (f) closing all malls, gyms, sporting clubs, in-dining restaurants and cafes; (iii) Authorities have also suspended the export of all types of legumes for a period of 3 months and plan to start increasing strategic food reserves to meet domestic demand.

Argentina 04 04 - Equity support ARS
Argentina 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures ARS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 April 2020).

The country has adopted full closure of borders and a nation-wide quarantine, beginning on March 20 and lasting until at least April 26, including closed borders.

Brazil 04 04 - Equity support BRL
Brazil 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BRL KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/03/flash-alert-2020-119.html (accessed 29 April 2020).

(i) Several travel restrictions for individuals coming to Brazil (Venezuela, Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, and Suriname, Uruguay, the People’s Republic of China, the European Union member states, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, the United Kingdom & Northern Ireland, Australia, Japan, and Malaysia); (ii) Brazil’s population has been advised to stay at home in self-isolation as much as possible; (iii) Businesses have largely adhered to this policy and have requested that their employees work remotely or take early vacation; (iv) No nationwide lockdown, but 23 of Brazil's 27 federative units (states) have imposed confinement measures.

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 375,000,000 414,823,009 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility [update].

European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented.

Islamic Republic of Iran 04 04 - Equity support IRR
Islamic Republic of Iran 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures IRR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) Stopped flights from China, closed schools and malls, key religious sites, banned cultural and religious gatherings, released a high number of prisoners; (ii) March 25, partial lockdown announced, closing of businesses and government offices for two weeks; (iii) Staggered reopening of businesses that are low or average risk in terms spreading the virus; (iv) April 27, reopened all international borders (except Turkmenistan) to revive regional trade.

Mexico 04 04 - Equity support MXN
Mexico 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures MXN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020)

Travel restrictions, social distancing, closure of schools and shutdown of non-essential activities. Reopening of the economy. On May 14, the government announced plans to begin the normalization of economic activities, including a green-yellow-orange-red color system for states to represent the extent of activities allowed (e.g. states with most active cases are red and would remain in a forced quarantine), the resumption of school and labor activities in municipalities free of infection, and the addition of construction, mining, and transport equipment manufacturing as essential activities.

Nigeria 04 04 - Equity support NGN
Nigeria 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NGN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19?fbclid=IwAR3QQSk6OmfE7YbISvq0_ut_FpTD_Bc00gRB-YJ_YA_VB-VlWiYD9PBO0Ro#P (accessed 4 May 2020). KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/nigeria-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 4 May 2020).

(i) Closure of airports, schools, universities, and other public places; (ii) March 30, Lockdown declared in Lagos, Abuja, and Ogun states; (iii) Flexible work arrangements encouraged in several states; (iv) Increased daily testing capacity to 2,500; (v) Release of inmates in correctional facilities to decongest prisons; (vi) May 4, Gradual easing of lockdown measures. However, new nationwide measures were introduced, including nighttime curfew, ban on non-essential inter-state passenger travel, partial and controlled interstate movement of goods and services, and mandatory use of face masks or coverings in public; (vii) NCDC launched a WhatsApp APL, a free-to-use service to provide a central source of accurate, verified and current information on COVID-19 in Nigeria.

Russian Federation 04 04 - Equity support RUB
Russian Federation 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures RUB IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

Russia has taken several measures to combat the pandemic, including: (i) progressively closing the border with the People's Republic of China and some European countries; (ii) mandating self-quarantine for people arriving from other countries and people at risk; (iii) closing schools, theaters, and sports facilities, and encouraged remote work; (iv) March 30, the authorities announced an open-ended quarantine in Moscow requiring non-essential businesses to close and people to remain indoors; (v) the central government has asked regional authorities to implement containment policies commensurate with the extent of infection in their regions.

Saudi Arabia 04 04 - Equity support SAR
Saudi Arabia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures SAR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) April 6, Nighttime curfew in various cities including Mecca and Madina; (ii) Restrictions on international and domestic travel; (iii) Closing mosques, schools, universities, and shopping malls; (iv) Suspending employee attendance at government and private workplaces; (v) Increasing mass testing; (vi) The Ministry of Hajj called on countries to delay their bookings for the 2020 Hajj season; (vii) April 22, Launch of a repatriation program for expatriates; (viii) April 26, partial lifting of the curfew in all regions, except in Mecca and previously isolated neighborhoods.