Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Arab Republic of Egypt 04 04 - Equity support EGP 20,000,000,000 1,272,671,633 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

EGP20 billion stock-purchase program has been launched by the Central Bank.

Arab Republic of Egypt 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EGP
Arab Republic of Egypt 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) EGP IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 14 December 2020).

(i) Temporarily halting all air travel; (ii) Starting July 2020, there will be a gradual re-opening of the economy – air travel will resume and public transportation will operate between 4 am and midnight; (iii) As of December 2020, International flights have resumed, and tourists are arriving in small numbers.

Arab Republic of Egypt 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace EGP IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020).

(i) Encouraging civil servants to work from home in non-essential sectors, and closing all malls, gyms, sporting clubs, in-dining restaurants and cafes; (ii) Starting July 2020, there will be a gradual re-opening of the economy – restaurants and cafes will open with 25 percent capacity, stores will close at 9 pm while restaurants and cafes will close at 10 pm, public parks and beaches will remain closed until further notice, places of worship will be open for daily prayers but main prayers like Friday prayers and masses will not be allowed, cinemas, theaters, and entertainment venues will operate with 25 percent capacity.

Arab Republic of Egypt 12C 12C - Others EGP IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 October 2020); Anadolu Agency. https://www.aa.com.tr/en/middle-east/egypt-starts-covid-19-vaccination/2121613 (accessed 28 January 2021).

(i) 28 April 2020, A Presidential decree published in the Official Gazette declared the state of emergency across the country for three months; (ii) The authorities have taken a host of precautionary measures to improve testing as well as to limit the community spread of the virus, including (a) setting up testing centers, (b) imposing a nighttime curfew, (c) temporarily closing places of worship; (iii) Authorities have also suspended the export of all types of legumes for a period of 3 months and plan to start increasing strategic food reserves to meet domestic demand; (iv) All parks and specialized gardens around Cairo will open to the public starting on 26 August 2020, with a maximum capacity of 50%. Starting 21 September 2020, funeral prayers and wedding ceremonies held in open-air venues have been allowed, for a maximum limit of 300 people; (v) Egypt’s Health Ministry released a 3-stage plan outlining required procedures in preparation for the gradual easing of restrictions within the country; (vi) 25 January 2021, Egypt started its COVID-19 vaccination plan [update].

Argentina 04 04 - Equity support ARS
Argentina 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures ARS
Argentina 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) ARS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 April 2020).

(i) The country has adopted full closure of borders and a nation-wide quarantine, beginning on 20 March 2020 and lasting until at least 26 April 2020, including closed borders.

Argentina 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace ARS Republic World. https://www.republicworld.com/world-news/south-america/argentina-malls-back-in-business-as-lockdown-eases.html (accessed 16 October 2020).

(i) 11 October 2020, schools and other education activities can be resumed, if certain epidemiological criteria are fulfilled. (ii) 15 October 2020, almost 8 months after lockdown, reopening of large shopping centers and the return of regular internal flights and public transport.

Argentina 12C 12C - Others ARS
Brazil 04 04 - Equity support BRL
Brazil 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BRL
Brazil 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) BRL KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/03/flash-alert-2020-119.html (accessed 29 April 2020).

(i) Several travel restrictions for individuals coming to Brazil (Venezuela, Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, and Suriname, Uruguay, the People’s Republic of China, the European Union member states, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, the United Kingdom & Northern Ireland, Australia, Japan, and Malaysia).

Brazil 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace BRL IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19?fbclid=IwAR3QQSk6OmfE7YbISvq0_ut_FpTD_Bc00gRB-YJ_YA_VB-VlWiYD9PBO0Ro#B (Accessed 29 April 2020). AGB. https://agenciabrasil.ebc.com.br/en/economia/noticia/2020-05/pandemic-brought-down-76-brazils-industrial-sector (accessed 14 May 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-gdp-fall/brazil-4-7-gdp-this-year-would-be-biggest-fall-since-1900-economy-ministry-idUSKBN22P2J3 (accessed 14 May 2020). Ministry of Economy https://www.gov.br/economia/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/2020/trabalho/julho/decreto-prorroga-por-ate-120-dias-prazos-dos-acordos-do-beneficio-emergencial (accessed 20 July 2020)

(i) Brazil’s population has been advised to stay at home in self-isolation as much as possible; (ii) Businesses have largely adhered to this policy and have requested that their employees work remotely or take early vacation; (iii) No nationwide lockdown, but 23 of Brazil's 27 federative units (states) have imposed confinement measures.

Brazil 12C 12C - Others BRL IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19?fbclid=IwAR3QQSk6OmfE7YbISvq0_ut_FpTD_Bc00gRB-YJ_YA_VB-VlWiYD9PBO0Ro#B (Accessed 29 April 2020). AGB. https://agenciabrasil.ebc.com.br/en/economia/noticia/2020-05/pandemic-brought-down-76-brazils-industrial-sector (accessed 14 May 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-gdp-fall/brazil-4-7-gdp-this-year-would-be-biggest-fall-since-1900-economy-ministry-idUSKBN22P2J3 (accessed 14 May 2020). Ministry of Economy https://www.gov.br/economia/pt-br/assuntos/noticias/2020/trabalho/julho/decreto-prorroga-por-ate-120-dias-prazos-dos-acordos-do-beneficio-emergencial (accessed 20 July 2020); https://finance.yahoo.com/news/brazils-best-economic-policy-now-190055832.html (accessed 29 January 2021). REuters https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-brazil-sputnik/brazilian-approval-of-sputnik-v-vaccine-delayed-by-missing-data-idUSKBN29M06X (accessed 29 January 2021)

(i) Schools are not closed nationwide, but several states and municipalities have closed educational institutions. For example, in São Paulo, schools have been closed since 23 March 2020; (ii) 28 January 2021, Brazil's Treasury Secretary, Bruno Funchal, claimed that the government's most effective economic policy right now is a vaccination program against the COVID-19 virus, not employment protection schemes or reviving emergency cash transfers; (vii) 19 January 2021; no amount/estimate, Brazilian pharmaceutical company União Quimica and Russian sovereign wealth fund RDIF filed for emergency use approval of Russia's Sputnik V COVID-19 vaccine from Brazilian health regulator Anvisa, but were told more documentation was needed; the company plans to press ahead with production of the vaccine with a view to exporting it to parts of South America (Argentina is already using the vaccine, and it is registered for use in Bolivia, Venezuela, and Paraguay).

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Central Bank 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) EUR
European Central Bank 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace EUR
European Central Bank 12C 12C - Others EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020).

(i) 8 April 2020, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) 24 April 2020, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) 8 June 2020, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs; (iv) June 2020, EUR5.3 billion for the Solvency Support Instrument that will work via an EU guarantee provided to the European Investment Bank (EIB) Group under the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). Solvency support will form a separate window under the EFSI to mobilize private capital. The EIB Group will use this guarantee to provide financing directly or invest, fund or guarantee equity funds, special purpose vehicles, investment platforms or national promotional banks. These intermediary funds or vehicles must be established and operate in the EU. The Solvency Support Instrument should predominantly channel solvency support through financial market intermediaries and only to a lesser degree facilitate direct support to companies by the EIB Group.

European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020); Council of the EU. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/10/13/covid-19-council-adopts-a-recommendation-to-coordinate-measures-affecting-free-movement/ (accessed 26 January 2021); EC https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_195 (accessed 26 January 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_194 (accessed 26 January 2021).

(i) Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June 2020 and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions; (ii) 13 October 2020, The European Council adopts a recommendation to coordinate measures affecting free movement with the region. EU member states have agreed on a common approach to travel measures and developed common criteria for mapping risk (for details, see: 3ogFom7). The coordinated approach ensures freedom of movement, increases transparency for citizens and businesses and avoids fragmentation and disruption of services. 25 January 2021, In light of the new coronavirus variant, the EC proposes to update the Council recommendation on the agreed color code for the mapping of risk areas and Stricter measures for travelers from higher-risk areas [update]; (iii) 25 January 2021, EC proposes additional safeguards on travel from outside the EU and updated criteria for applying travel restrictions [update].

European Union 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented.

European Union 12C 12C - Others EUR EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2254 (accessed 20 January 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_3 (accessed 5 February 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2466 (accessed 5 February 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_306 (accessed 5 February 2021); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_143 (accessed 20 January 2021).

(i) 2 December 2020, To sustainably manage the pandemic over the winter months, the EC adopted “Staying Safe from COVID-19 during Winter" strategy recommending continued vigilance and caution throughout the winter period and into 2021 when the roll out of safe and effective vaccines will take place. Recommended control measures concern physical distancing and limiting social contacts, testing and contact tracing, and safe travel, among others; (ii) 19 January 2021, To step up the fight against the pandemic, The EC called on Member States to accelerate the roll-out of vaccination across the EU, continue to apply physical distancing, limit social contacts, fight disinformation, coordinate travel restrictions, ramp up testing, and increase contact tracing and genome sequencing to face up to the risk from new variants of the virus.

Islamic Republic of Iran 04 04 - Equity support IRR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 December 2020).

No amount/estimate: September 2020, 1% of sovereign wealth fund to stabilize stock market.

Islamic Republic of Iran 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures IRR
Islamic Republic of Iran 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) IRR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 15 December 2020).

(i) Stopped flights from China; (ii) 27 April 2020, reopened all international borders (except Turkmenistan) to revive regional trade; (iii) 28 November 2020, new restrictions like curfew and lockdowns and mandatory wearing of mask in affected regions.

Islamic Republic of Iran 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace IRR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020). Aljazeera. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/10/31/iran-to-implement-new-restrictions-as-covid-19-cases-surge (accessed 06 Nov 2020).

(i) closed schools and malls, key religious sites, banned cultural and religious gatherings, released a high number of prisoners; (ii) 25 March 2020, partial lockdown announced, closing of businesses and government offices for two weeks; (iii) Staggered reopening of businesses that are low or average risk in terms spreading the virus; (iv) 31 October 2020, new restrictions as cases surge: (a) cinemas, cafes, gyms and pools in those counties will remain shut for 10 days, (b) events and gatherings will also be suspended, (c) educational facilities will move classes online.

Islamic Republic of Iran 12C 12C - Others IRR
Mexico 04 04 - Equity support MXN
Mexico 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures MXN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020).
Mexico 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) MXN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020).

Travel restrictions and social distancing measures.

Mexico 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace MXN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020).

(i) Closure of schools and shutdown of non-essential activities; (ii) On 14 May 2020, the government announced plans to begin the normalization of economic activities, including a green-yellow-orange-red color system for states to represent the extent of activities allowed (e.g. states with most active cases are red and would remain in a forced quarantine), the resumption of school and labor activities in municipalities free of infection, and the addition of construction, mining, and transport equipment manufacturing as essential activities.

Mexico 12C 12C - Others MXN
Nigeria 04 04 - Equity support NGN
Nigeria 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NGN
Nigeria 12A 12A - Measures affecting travel and transport (local and international) NGN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19?fbclid=IwAR3QQSk6OmfE7YbISvq0_ut_FpTD_Bc00gRB-YJ_YA_VB-VlWiYD9PBO0Ro#P (accessed 15 January 2021). KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/nigeria-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 4 May 2020).

(i) 30 March 2020, Lockdown declared in Lagos, Abuja, and Ogun states; (ii) 4 May 2020, Gradual easing of lockdown measures. However, new nationwide measures were introduced, including ban on non-essential inter-state passenger travel as well as partial and controlled interstate movement of goods and services; (iii) 23 December 2020, Public servants have been ordered to stay at home for 5 weeks and await further directives.

Nigeria 12B 12B - Measures affecting business and workplace NGN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19?fbclid=IwAR3QQSk6OmfE7YbISvq0_ut_FpTD_Bc00gRB-YJ_YA_VB-VlWiYD9PBO0Ro#P (accessed 15 January 2021). KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/nigeria-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 4 May 2020).

(i) On 4 September 2020, Nigeria relaxed measures for a period of four weeks. More opening hours are allowed for parks and gardens but clubs and bars remain closed.

Nigeria 12C 12C - Others NGN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19?fbclid=IwAR3QQSk6OmfE7YbISvq0_ut_FpTD_Bc00gRB-YJ_YA_VB-VlWiYD9PBO0Ro#P (accessed 17 September 2020). KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/nigeria-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 4 May 2020).

(i) Closure of airports, schools, universities, and other public places; (ii) 30 March 2020, Lockdown declared in Lagos, Abuja, and Ogun states; (iii) 4 May 2020, Gradual easing of lockdown measures. However, new nationwide measures were introduced, including nighttime curfew, and mandatory use of face masks or coverings in public. Flexible work arrangements encouraged in several states; (ii) Increased daily testing capacity to 2,500; (iv) Release of inmates in correctional facilities to decongest prisons; (v) NCDC launched a WhatsApp APL, a free-to-use service to provide a central source of accurate, verified and current information on COVID-19 in Nigeria; (vi) On 4 September 2020, For a period of four weeks, night curfew has been reduced to 12am – 4am. Groups of up to 50 people are allowed to attend parties and gathering ; (vii) 23 December 2020, Public servants have been ordered to stay at home for 5 weeks and await further directives. Schools are expected to resume January 18 after being shut down again.

Russian Federation 04 04 - Equity support RUB
Russian Federation 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures RUB