Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Bangladesh 04 04 - Equity support BDT
Bangladesh 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BDT Ministry of Public Administration. https://mopa.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/mopa.gov.bd/notices/8b82fa43_9c1a_4269_bc9f_dcf378e47fdf/admin1-2020-347-r1.PDF (accsessed 29 June 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020).

(i) March 23, The government declared a general holiday from March 26 to April 4, which has been extended until May 5: government offices, private offices, and courts will be closed, commercial banks will operate shorter hours; (ii) Individuals have been requested not to leave their homes except to collect daily necessities and emergency supplies, and to wear masks when outside; and (iii) A lockdown has been imposed on 75 hotspots in Dhaka where cases have been identified, and a curfew is in operation from 6pm to 6am.

Bhutan 04 04 - Equity support BTN/INR
Bhutan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BTN/INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020); PMO. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1606 (accessed 20 July 2020); Royal Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/?p=1664 (accessed 11 August 2020); Royal Government of Bhutan. https://www.gov.bt/covid19/31-08-20-press-release-pmo/ (accessed 02 September 2020).

(i) Bhutan started imposing containment measures immediately after the first case was recorded on March 6, with restriction of entry of foreign tourists initially for two weeks but extended afterwards and closure of schools in three cities; (ii) March 22, Bhutan sealed off its land borders as a precautionary measure to prevent the spread of COVID-19. For non-Bhutanese, exits are allowed. Incoming non-Bhutanese are scrutinized and quarantined where applicable; (iii) March 27, More containment measures were imposed on public gatherings, travel (within and outside Bhutan), business and entertainment, games and sports and civil service, corporate, private, and other agencies. The quarantine period has been extended to April 21; (iv) Healthcare measures include setting up dedicated hospitals and quarantine centers; (v) June 19, Easing of restrictions, which will be done in phases, in schools, institutes, and colleges, except pre-primary levels, low risk businesses, sports, trainings and workshops, religious and social functions, parks and public spaces, and public transport; (vi) June 19, All government, corporate, and allied agencies are called to discontinue "work from home" starting June 22; (vii) August 11, Government announces nationwide lockdown. On September 1, The government announced a phased easing of lockdown restrictions between September 1 and 10 [update].

Brunei Darussalam 04 04 - Equity support BND
Brunei Darussalam 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BND IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020, 14 May 2020).

(i) The government is actively responding to the risks of the pandemic from spreading further by implementing a range of measures, including strict inbound and outbound travel restrictions and banning all mass gatherings, including weddings and sporting events; and (ii) The Ministry of Health (MOH) is also stepping up efforts to track close contacts of positive cases; (vi) MOH actively rolling out a contact tracing app (“BruHealth”) for residents to download before they are given the green light to visit public places.

Cambodia 04 04 - Equity support KHR
Cambodia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures KHR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).

April: (i) The government has announced foreigners wishing to travel to Cambodia the need to obtain a visa at a Cambodian diplomatic mission abroad, a health certificate before departure, and sufficient travel insurance; (ii) Quarantine and self-isolation measures; (iii) Schools and casinos are closed and the government has banned public events with more than 50 participants; (iv) The Khmer New Year break has been cancelled; (v) May 20, The authorities have lifted the entry ban on citizens from Iran, Italy, Germany, Spain, France, and the US.

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs; (iv) June, EUR5.3 billion for the Solvency Support Instrument that will work via an EU guarantee provided to the European Investment Bank (EIB) Group under the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). Solvency support will form a separate window under the EFSI to mobilise private capital. The EIB Group will use this guarantee to provide financing directly or invest, fund or guarantee equity funds, special purpose vehicles, investment platforms or national promotional banks. These intermediary funds or vehicles must be established and operate in the EU. The Solvency Support Instrument should predominantly channel solvency support through financial market intermediaries and only to a lesser degree facilitate direct support to companies by the EIB Group [update].

European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions .

India 04 04 - Equity support INR
India 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) March 21, A temporary ban for a week on international flights landing in the country for a week; (ii) March 26, Extended ban on all international flights till April 15th, excluding approved all-cargo operations and flights; (iii) March 5, Schools closed in some of the municipalities and states, including Delhi until the end of March, which was eventually expanded to all educational insttitutions in the country; (iv) March 12, Partial shutdowns was imposed on educational institutions, stadiums, cinema halls, and sports clubs and gathering of people were banned in some of the states, including Delhi; (v) March 24, The entire country was placed under lockdown for 21 days which, on April 14, was further extended to May 17; (vi) April 15, the government announced several relaxation measures in geographical areas designated as non-hotspot, with effect from April 20, 2020; (vii) May 30, the government issued ‘Unlock 1’ guidelines for a phased re-opening of most activities across the country and limiting the lockdown only to containment zones for a month until June 30. However, states have been empowered to prohibit certain activities if they deem it necessary.

Indonesia 04 04 - Equity support IDR
Indonesia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures IDR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#P (accessed 5 May 2020). OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 5 May 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-indonesia-haj/indonesia-cancels-haj-pilgrimage-over-coronavirus-concerns-idUSKBN2390QO?il=0 (accessed 2 June 2020). The Straits Times. https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/covid-19-jakarta-eases-restrictions-in-transition-phase-strict-health-protocols-remain (accessed 4 June 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-indonesia-flights/indonesia-resumes-domestic-air-travel-coronavirus-cases-jump-idUSKBN23G147?il=0 (accessed 9 June 2020). BI. https://www.bi.go.id/en/ruang-media/info-terbaru/Pages/Perkembangan-Terkini-Perekonomian-dan-Langkah-BI-dalam-Hadapi-COVID-19-5-Juni-2020.aspx (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) The government has adopted various containment measures, including temporary bans on domestic and international air and sea travel, screening at ports of entry, school closures, other restrictions on public events, and obligations on masks and reduced transportation. The government has also banned Indonesia’s traditional annual exodus for Muslim holidays in an effort to curb the spread of the virus from Jakarta and other high-risk regions. (ii)) June 2, The government canceled the haj pilgrimage to Mecca due to COVID-19. . (iii) June 4, The government an easing of restrictions in Jakarta by gradually allowing workplaces, places of worship, shopping centres and recreational venues with strict health guidelines such as a 50% capacity limit and ensuring physical distancing. (iv) June 9, Domestic flights resumed at 70% capacity with observance of strict health protocols.

Lao PDR 04 04 - Equity support LAK
Lao PDR 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures LAK IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020, 14 May 2020, 26 May 2020). Vientiane Times. http://www.vientianetimes.org.la/freeContent/FreeConten_COVID147.php (accessed 31 July 2020).

(i) April: (a) Border checkpoints, schools, and entertainment venues remain closed; (b) Price control of essential goods is still in place; and (c) The Taskforce Committee for COVID-19 Epidemic Prevention, Control and Response is monitoring latest developments and coordinates the authorities’ response. A separate Taskforce Committee and its seven working groups are in place to address the economic impact of the crisis; (ii) May 4: (a) A nationwide lockdown has been partially lifted. The new loosened measures allow the reopening of public offices and some private sector businesses and is expected to last until May 17; (b) Restaurants, hotels, resorts, guesthouses, coffee shops, barbershops, beauty salons as well as wholesale and retail outlets can resume their businesses, however, large-scale manufacturing plants and investment projects with large number of employees must abide by strict preventative measures introduced by the National Taskforce; and (c) Travel and public transport within each province are now permitted but inter-provincial travel and public transport including air transport and large gatherings are still suspended and banned; (iii) May 18: (a) The new loosened measures allow public offices and businesses to resume and are expected to last until June 1; (b) Restaurants, food vendors, retail and wholesale outlets, fresh markets, supermarkets, personal care services as well as development projects, companies and factories are also permitted to resume operations, but must abide by strict preventative measures introduced by the National Taskforce; (c) In country travel and public transport are now permitted; (d) Some classes at primary, lower and upper secondary schools can resume on May 18 while all others are slated to open on June 2; (e) All indoor and outdoor sporting activities are now permitted; (f) Border checkpoints, night markets, and entertainment venues remain closed; (g) Price control of essential goods is still in place; (iv) June 10, the government announced that the last patient has fully recovered and discharged from hospital. Consequently: (a) Most businesses can resume activities, but night markets, eatery spots, cinemas, casinos must abide by strict preventative measures and practice social distancing; (b) In-country travel and public transport are fully operational; (c) All schools have resumed but must ensure hygiene and distancing practices; (d) All indoor and outdoor sporting activities are now permitted and audiences are allowed, however, entertainment venues remain closed; (e) With the exception of certain checkpoints allowed by the government, border checkpoints for individuals and transportation of goods, will remain closed as will all international borders. However, foreign businessmen, investors, workers for large investment projects as well as diplomats and foreign experts with proper medical certification and authorization can enter the country but have to be quarantined for 14 days; (f) Large gatherings, including for traditional ceremonies and celebrations are now allowed; and (g) Price control of essential goods is still in place; (v) August 1-31, Shuttle flights will be suspended, and the prevention measures will be continuously imposed: (a) Closure of entertainment venues, karaoke, and gaming shops; (b) Closure of traditional and local border checkpoints, except those permitted by the government for goods transport. International checkpoints remain closed for regular travellers, except essential crossings for Lao and foreign nationals who are permitted by the task force committee. Transportation of goods via the international checkpoints is allowed as normal; (c) Suspending the issuing of tourist or visiting visas for those travelling from or transiting via countries where there is COVID-19 outbreak. Foreign diplomats, the staff of international organizations, experts, investors, business people, technical personnel, and workers deemed essential to take up missions in Laos can enter the country upon approval by the task force committee.

Malaysia 04 04 - Equity support MYR 1,200,000,000 279,342,614 Ministry of Finance. https://penjana.treasury.gov.my/pdf/PENJANA-Booklet-En-v3.pdf (accessed 26 June 2020).

June 5 in Short-term National Economic Recovery Plan or PENJANA, An investment fund, amounting to MYR1.2 billion, will be established, which will match institutional private capital investment with selected venture capital and early stage tech fund managers.

Malaysia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures MYR WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 12 April 2020, 3 May 2020, 23 May 2020); Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. https://www.pmo.gov.my/2020/06/key-initiatives-of-pm-muhyiddin-in-100-days/ (accessed 9 June 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: March 20, Temporary export ban on face masks; (ii) A Movement Control Order (MCO) was put in place on March 18-31 and subsequently extended until April 14: borders are closed; schools, universities and non-essential businesses are closed; all public gatherings are banned; and May 10, MCO has become conditional movement control order (CMCO). It will be extended until June 9; (iii) May 4, The authorities started easing the MCO by allowing most businesses to reopen. However, 7 states out of 14 have opted for a more delayed approach; (iv) June 7, The implementation of the Recovery Movement Control Order (RMCO) from June 10 to Aug 31 was announced; (v) From June 24, schools will start gradually reopening; and (vi) Borders will remain closed and overseas travel restricted until at least August 31.

Maldives 04 04 - Equity support MVR
Maldives 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures MVR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 19 April 2020, 14 May 2020, 4 June 2020, 22 July 2020); The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/16934 (accessed 29 May 2020). The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18190 (accessed 31 July 2020). The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18275 (accessed 7 August 2020). The Edition. https://edition.mv/news/18890 (accessed 4 September 2020).

(i) March 12, The government declared a Public Health Emergency. There are several adopted containment measures, including (a) temporary suspension of on-arrival visa for all passengers arriving to Maldives by air and sea, (b) quarantine for all passengers traveling to Maldives by air except for tourists checking-in to resorts, (c) screening at ports of entry, (d) restrictions on travel between resorts and inhabited islands, (e) ban on all cruise ships from entering and docking; requirement on all guest houses and city hotels operating in the Maldives to temporally suspend all tourist check-ins since March 17, and (f) school closures; (ii) April 15, The greater Malé region was placed on lockdown; (iii) May 13, The lockdown was extended to May 28 (third extension since its implementation); (iv) May 28: (a) The state of Public Health Emergency was extended until June 29; and (b) Phase one of lockdown easing started, with a relaxation in temporary permissions for leaving homes as well as allowing certain commercial businesses to open and operate; (v) Since July 1, the country is in phase three of the lockdown ease plan. This phase permits movement in the Greater Malé Region from 5am to 11pm, and only gatherings of less than 30 people are to be allowed in public spaces; (vi) International flights as well as tourism island resorts reopened; (vii) While guesthouses in inhabited islands are opened since July for locals/residents in COVID-19 free islands, guesthouses will be opened for tourists in August; (vii) July 30, Authorities mandated wearing face masks in public spaces of the capital city of Malé in response to a surge in COVID-19 cases in Maldives. Individuals in public spaces without masks would be fined by MVR1,000 starting from August 1; (viii) August 4, The Health Protection Agency (HPA) implemented a curfew over the Greater Malé Region; (ix) September 3, The Ministry of Education extended the closure of schools in the Greater Malé Region by an additional two weeks in connection to the surge of COVID-19 cases in the area [update].

Myanmar 04 04 - Equity support MMK
Myanmar 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures MMK IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 24 July 2020); Ministry of Hotels and Tourism. https://tourism.gov.mm/covid-19/ (accessed 13 July 2020); United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. https://reliefweb.int/report/myanmar/wfp-myanmar-covid-19-situation-report-10-2-september-2020 (accessed 02 September 2020).

(i) In response, the government has announced measures to limit the spread of the virus including travel restrictions (including quarantine requirements, suspension of visa issuances and international flights), closure of several land borders, and banning mass public gatherings are in place; (ii) Yangon and Mandalay will be under lockdown during the long holidays (April 10–19); (iii) Government employees have been instructed not to travel home and will be compensated for this period; (iv) A National Central Committee on Prevention, Control and Treatment of 2019 Novel Coronavirus has been established to coordinate the authorities’ response. A second committee, the Control and Emergency Response Committee on COVID-19, was setup on March 30 to help with stricter administrative measures to control the spread of the virus, including quarantine migrant workers coming from neighboring countries; (v) July 7, Myanmar government announced that it is opening for domestic travel, but incoming international travelers will not be allowed until the end of July; (vi) Restrictions on visa issuances and international passenger flights have been extended to July 31; (vii) September 2, The temporary ban on international commercial flights was extended to 30 September [update].

Nepal 04 04 - Equity support NPR
Nepal 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures NPR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 2 September 2020). Business World. http://www.businessworld.in/article/Nepal-re-enforces-lockdown-as-COVID-19-cases-surge/05-08-2020-305469/ (accessed 6 August 2020); The Kathmandu Post. https://kathmandupost.com/politics/2020/08/12/nepal-braces-for-a-return-to-locked-down-life-as-rise-in-covid-19-cases-rings-alarm-bells (accessed 13 August 2020); Nepali Times. https://www.nepalitimes.com/latest/repatriation-regular-flights-to-nepal-to-resume/ (accessed 26 August 2020); Online Khabar. https://english.onlinekhabar.com/nepal-extends-suspension-on-long-route-transport-domestic-flights-until-sept-16.html (accessed 31 August 2020).

April: (i) Closure of cinema halls, stadiums, health clubs, museums, bars and other recreational places and public transportation until July 22; (ii) Closure of land-border crossings; June: (iii) Nationwide lockdown until July 22; (iv) Ban on domestic and international flights (except chartered flights) until July 22; (v) The government began easing the lockdown on June 12, allowing shops to open; (vi) Government, private offices, and banks have reopened from June 15, with government staff working in shifts; (vii) Private vehicles are allowed to operate on an alternating odd-even license-plate-number basis, corresponding to the calendar date; (viii) July 20, The government announced that the national lockdown will be lifted. Services, such as hotels and restaurants, will resume operations from July 30. All flights and transportation will be resumed from August 17. Tourism activities including travel, trekking, mountaineering will also resume operations from August 17. However, recreational activities including parties, seminars, and other public gatherings continue to be restricted. Educational institutions, recreational centers, religious centers, gyms, libraries, museums, and zoos will be closed until further notice; (ix) August 5, The Nepal government has enforced partial lockdown to full lockdown in various parts of the country as cases of coronavirus infection and fatalities continued to soar. The Home Ministry released a list of 14 districts: six districts will be facing a complete restriction in movement, while eight would remain under partial lockdown; (x) August 11, Other containment measures include restrictions on domestic and international passenger flights until August 31; long distance buses will now be allowed to ply from September 1; all educational institutions including schools, colleges, tuition centres and training centers will remain closed. No date for their opening has been announced; restaurants have been limited to takeaway services and all non-essential services like salons, shopping malls, theatres must remain closed; opening of hotels which was supposed to start on August 17, has been pushed back by 15 days; (xi) August 25, The government announced that it will resume flights to repatriate Nepali workers stranded abroad until August 31. After that, airlines will be allowed to operate limited regular international flights. The government has also reversed its earlier requirement that all passengers, even those with PCR reports, have to spend at least one week in a hotel quarantine in Kathmandu at their own expense. Passengers with PCR negative reports will now be allowed to go home for 14 day self-isolation [update]; (xii) August 31, The government has extended the suspension on long-route transportation and domestic flights until September 16. International flights will resume on September 1, but only for Nepalis and diplomats (no foreign tourists). The government also decided to continue the suspension on the operation of schools, colleges and academic institutions until September 16 [update].

Philippines 04 04 - Equity support PHP
Philippines 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures PHP IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 19 April 2020). The Diplomat. https://thediplomat.com/2020/05/philippines-will-gradually-ease-lockdowns-as-testing-relief-payments-remain-stalled/ (accessed 13 May 2020). BusinessWorld. https://www.bworldonline.com/lockdown-in-metro-manila-to-ease-on-june-1/ (accessed 29 May 2020). PDI. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1303074/ph-lifts-restriction-on-non-essential-outbound-travels-2 (accessed 7 July 2020).

(i) The government has put the Luzon island, including Metro Manila, under an “enhanced community quarantine” starting March 12; (ii) Suspension of flights from high-risk economies; (iii) School closures starting March 12; (iv) Restrictions on mass gatherings; (v) May 12, The government announced an easing in quarantine measures in many areas of the country after May 15 but will extend lockdowns in certain areas in the National Capital Region, Cebu City, and Laguna province. (vi) May 28, The Government announced the easing of lockdown measures in the National Capital Region and remaining areas under enhanced community quarantine by June 1. (vii) June 3, Domesic flights for essential travel resumed. (viii) uly 7, Authorities lifted restrictions on non-essential outbound travel.

Singapore 04 04 - Equity support SGD 5,300,000,000 3,741,616,661 Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-singapore-air-tema/singapore-airlines-obtains-13-billion-rescue-package-amid-coronavirus-shock-idUSKBN21D3AE (accessed 9 June 2020).

March 27, SGD19 billion rescue package for SIA consisting of SGD5.3 billion in equity, up to SGD9.7 billion convertible note portions of SIA's fundraising underwritten by state-investor Temasek Holdings, and a SGD4 billion bridge loan facility from DBS (amounts for the latter two lending measures have been reflected in Measures 3A and 1A, respectively).

Singapore 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures SGD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 May 2020). FT. https://www.ft.com/content/5226602f-1239-4f0c-9298-2c3a1d552bc1 (accessed 12 May 2020). MAS. https://www.mas.gov.sg/news/media-releases/2020/safe-re-opening-of-more-customer-services-in-the-financial-sector (accessed 22 May 2020). Gov.sg. https://www.psd.gov.sg/press-room/press-releases/end-of-circuit-breaker--public-service-adopts-phased-approach-to-re-opening-physical-service-centres-and-public-facilities; https://www.mccy.gov.sg/about-us/news-and-resources/press-statements/2020/may/gradual-resumption-of-religious--activities (accessed 27 May 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-singapore-reopenin/schools-reopen-as-singapore-eases-lockdown-restrictions-idUSKBN2390G8?il=0 (accessed 2 June 2020). The Straits Times. https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/coronavirus-spore-to-start-phase-2-reopening-on-june-19-dining-in-public-social-gatherings (accessed 19 June 2020).

(i) A full lockdown is in place until June 1 and safe distancing measures will also be enforced until June 1. (ii) May 12, Some business have been allowed to reopen with safety measures such as spacing out employees and avoiding staff gatherings; establishments and taxis are required to use a contact tracing app for employees and visitors/clients. (iii) May 19, The MAS announced that more financial institutions will be allowed to reopen more locations from June 2. (iv) May 19, The government announced its decision to exit the Circuit Breaker with gradual resumption of the Public Service at phyiscal touchpoints and facilities and phased resumption of religious activities from 2 June 2020. (v) June 2, Schools reopened as part part of gradual easing in lockdown restrictions. (vi) June 19, Restrictions eased further under Phase 2 of Singapore's reopening including allowing gatherings of groups up to 5 and reopening of most businesses.

Sri Lanka 04 04 - Equity support LKR
Sri Lanka 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures LKR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 2 September 2020); SLRM. Covid-10 policy responses repository as of 25 August 2020; Ministry of Mass Media. https://www.media.gov.lk/media-gallery/latest-news/2507-schools-to-re-open-today (accessed 13 August 2020).

(i) March 11, suspension of visa on arrival for tourists; (ii) March 13, schools and universities closed until April 20; (iii) March 19, government declared a work-from-home arrangement for the public and private sectors, which was extended until April 20; (iv) March 20, The authorities suspended all arriving international flights and ships, while imposing a strict nation-wide curfew, which was gradually eased on May 11, and was fully relaxed on June 6; barring large public gatherings; (v) March 22, All inbound passenger flights and passenger ships suspended, excluding repatriations; (vi) March 23, An island-wide curfew was imposed; (vii) March 26, essential services, including central bank, commercial banks, insurance services, and treasury, remained open; (viii) April 20, All forms of functions, pilgrimages and pleasure tours, carnivals, processions and meetings continued to be banned; (ix) June 29, Night-time curfew removed across the island. Gatherings continue to be subject to public health guidelines. Use of masks in public remains mandatory. All schools to reopen under five stages from June 29 to August 10 [update]; (x) August 10, Local schools have been allowed to reopen in several phases so as to prevent overcrowding within confined spaces. Accordingly certain days of the week have been reserved for particular grades and students to attend school.

Thailand 04 04 - Equity support THB
Thailand 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures THB OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 22 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 May 2020). BOT. https://www.bot.or.th/English/PressandSpeeches/Press/2020/Pages/n2463.aspx (accessed 22 May 2020). he Straits Times. https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/thailand-to-lift-nationwide-curfew-on-june-15?cx_testId=20&cx_testVariant=cx_1&cx_artPos=1#cxrecs_s (accessed 12 June 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-thailand-flights/thailand-to-lift-ban-on-international-flights-in-july-regulator-idUSKBN2402D8 (accessed 30 June 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-thailand/thailand-to-extend-emergency-decree-until-end-of-august-idUSKCN24N0KI?il=0 (accessed 22 July 2020).

(i) 23 March, Countries considered as risk zones and travellers from those countries need to undertake quarantine for 14 days. Travellers from these countries must submit health certificates that show no COVID-19 infection in advance of their trips. Thailand also halted issuance of visa on arrival for some other countries. (ii) All schools have been closed since 18 March until further notice. (iii) In Bangkok and its vicinity, leisure and sport facilities, such as boxing arenas, pubs, among others, have suspend their businesses for 14 days until the end of March. In addition, the Bangkok Metropolitan Government announced on 21 March that most of nonessential commercial services, including shopping malls, restaurants and sport facilities, among others, would be closed from 22 March to 12 April. (iv) 28 April 2020, The government extended the period of the state of emergency including the night curfew between 22:00 to 4:00hr,as well as the temporary ban on all international flights to Thailand, until 31 May 2020. As of July 22, the state of emergency has been extended until end-August. (v) May 1, several airlines resumed domestic operations in major airports, except Phuket International airport (where the closure has been extended until May 15,) conditional on strict hygiene and preventive guidelines. (vi) The first out of four stages for relaxation of Covid-19 containment measures started on May 3, by opening low-risk businesses including markets, small eateries, small retail outlets, exercise facilities, and hairdressers;mplementation of subsequent stages will depend on the evolution of Covid-19 infection. (vii) May 11, The BOT revised its bond issuance program for 2020: (a) Expanded ranges of maximum and minimum issue size per auction to 10,000 – 60,000 million baht for all maturities of BOT bills; and (b) may consider adjusting the auction frequency of the 3- and 6-month BOT bills, and the fixed-coupon bonds, to accommodate the issuance schedule of Treasury Bills and government bonds of comparable maturities. (viii) May 16, the Civil Aviation Authority of Thailand extended the temporary ban on international passenger flights until June 30 with limited exceptions. (ix) May 17, the second phase of lockdown relaxation took effect with more businesses allowed to resume activities. (x) June 12, Authorities announced the lifting of the nationwide curfew on June 15 as part of its phase four easing of lockdown measures. (x) June 30, Authorities announced the lifting of the ban on international flights on July 1 after the government earlier approved limited foreign travel to the country including business travellers and foreigners with spouses, work permits or residency in the country.

Timor-Leste 04 04 - Equity support USD
Timor-Leste 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures USD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 03 September 2020).

(i) Containment and mitigation measures include (a) suspending collective passenger transport and obligating all individuals to wear a protective mask covering mouth and nose, wash their hands before entering commercial or service establishments, and maintain a safe distance of at least one meter from other people; (b) closing all schools and training facilities and suspending all face-to-face school activities; (c) restricting international travel, including the prohibition of entry of foreigners into national territory, except for foreigners born in Timor-Leste, resident citizens, and legal representatives of minors of Timorese nationality; (d) imposing compulsory isolation in a health facility or their homes applies to all those infected with COVID-19 until they are discharged, and all individuals who enter the national territory and all those under the supervision of the authorities will remain in isolation for a period of 14 days and voluntary isolation at home to those who are not in compulsory isolation as well as prohibiting meetings or demonstrations involving the agglomeration of more than five people and any social, cultural, and sporting events; (e) limiting public administration to essential public services; and (f) extending validity of licenses, authorizations, visas and residence permits, and other administrative acts and documents; (ii) March 27, the President declared the State of Emergency, effective from March 28 to April 26; (iii) April 20, The government extended it until end-May; (iv) June 4, government approved extending the state of emergency decree for another month, but with “a lot of flexibility,” including reopening schools, resuming religious services, and easing some restrictions on commercial trade; (v) July 1, the government lifted the state of emergency; (vi) As of August 6, the state of emergency has been re-imposed after the first case after 3 months was confirmed. This state of emergency will be in force until September 4. [update]

Viet Nam 04 04 - Equity support VND
Viet Nam 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures VND OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 13 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 27 May 2020).

(i) On March 9, the government tightened entry restrictions: no tourist visa is issued for Schengen countries, the United Kingdom and some US states; Only business and diplomatic entries are still allowed, but those travellers have to submit health certificate/questionnaire; All foreign and national travellers coming from infected countries have to be quarantined for 14 days; (ii) On March 17, the government announced that it stops visa issuance to foreign visitors for 30 days from March 18, except for some specific cases, such as diplomats/officials. (iii) From the week of March 23, all international flights have been suspended until the end of April, except some special occasional flights to bring back Vietnamese nationals. (iv) Schools have not been open after the lunar New Year holiday (beginning February). (v) The government announced the National Epidemic status on April 1 and imposed social isolation in national scale from April 1 to April 22. Restricitions were removed on April 23, except for few districts in Hanoi, Ha Giang, and Bac Ninh provinces. International travelling/arrivals are still banned until April 30 at least. (vi) April 29, More frequent domestic flights and local trains were introduced to connect big cities and provinces and up to 50% of public transportation has resumed with full operations in low risk provinces. (vii) May 4, Middle and High Schools in major cities resumed classes, while kindergarten and elementary schools resumed on May 11. (viii) May 7, Most schools and universities and non- essential services (except dancing clubs and karaoke) have reopened since May 7 while international travel/arrivals continue to be banned.

Bangladesh 04 04 - Equity support BDT
Bangladesh 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BDT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020).

(i) March 23, The government declared a general holiday from March 26 to April 4, which has been extended until May 5: government offices, private offices, and courts will be closed, commercial banks will operate shorter hours; (ii) Individuals have been requested not to leave their homes except to collect daily necessities and emergency supplies, and to wear masks when outside; and (iii) A lockdown has been imposed on 75 hotspots in Dhaka where cases have been identified, and a curfew is in operation from 6pm to 6am.

Bhutan 04 04 - Equity support BTN/INR
Bhutan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures BTN/INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

(i) Bhutan started imposing containment measures immediately after the first case was recorded on March 6, with restriction of entry of foreign tourists initially for two weeks but extended afterwards and closure of schools in three cities; (ii) March 22, Bhutan sealed off its land borders as a precautionary measure to prevent the spread of COVID-19. For non-Bhutanese, exits are allowed. Incoming non-Bhutanese are scrutinized and quarantined where applicable; (iii) March 27, More containment measures were imposed on public gatherings, travel (within and outside Bhutan), business and entertainment, games and sports and civil service, corporate, private, and other agencies. The quarantine period has been extended to April 21; (iv) Healthcare measures include setting up dedicated hospitals and quarantine centers.