Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs [update].

European Union 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accesed 20 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 20 April 2020).

(i) March to April, ESMA, EU's securities and markets regulator, issued various statements to adjust compliance and reporting schedule, clarify accounting standard applications (e.g. IAS 8, IFRS 9, and IFRS 17), and ensure alignment of reporting requirements and supervisory practices in the EU; (ii) 26 April, Export restriction of critical COVID-related products [update as of 29 April].

Hong Kong, China 04 04 - Equity support HKD 19,500,000,000 2,511,236,172 News.gov.hk. https://www.news.gov.hk/eng/2020/06/20200609/20200609_161908_002.html?type=category&name=covid19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

June 9, HKG27.3 billion investment in Cathay Pacific Airways via government-owned Aviation 2020, comprising preference shares with detachable warrants of HKG19.5 billion and a bridging loan of HKG7.8 billion. [update]

Hong Kong, China 11 11 - Other Economic Measures HKD
Mongolia 04 04 - Equity support MNT
Mongolia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures MNT
People's Republic of China 04 04 - Equity support CNY
People's Republic of China 11 11 - Other Economic Measures CNY IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 5 June 2020); The State Council, The People's Republic of China. http://www.gov.cn/xinwen/2020-05/16/content_5512106.htm (accessed 20 May 2020); SCMP. https://www.scmp.com/economy/china-economy/article/3085553/china-gdp-beijing-abandons-economic-growth-target-2020-work (22 May 2020).

(i) Restrictions on the investment quota of foreign institutional investors (QFII and RQFII) were removed; (ii) No amount/estimate: Additional financing support for corporates via increased bond issuance by corporates; (iii) Announced that it will make regulatory arrangements for the performance commitment requirements and adjustment of restructuring plans for listed companies that are indeed affected by the epidemic . encouraging lending to SMEs, including uncollateralized SME loans from local banks and raising the target for large banks’ lending growth to micro- and small enterprises from 30 percent to 40 percent.

Republic of Korea 04 04 - Equity support KRW 10,700,000,000,000 8,769,870,985 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 May 2020). OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 11 May 2020).

March 24, The government announced the creation of a stock market stabilisation fund (KRW10.7 trillion).

Republic of Korea 11 11 - Other Economic Measures KRW WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 1 May 2020). FSC. http://www.fsc.go.kr/downManager?bbsid=BBS0048&no=152660 (accessed 22 May 2020). FSC. http://www.fsc.go.kr/downManager?bbsid=BBS0048&no=152874 (accessed 22 May 2020). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-southkorea/south-korea-announces-29-billion-third-stimulus-budget-to-fight-virus-misery-idUSKBN23A03Y?il=0 (accessed 3 June 2020).

(i) April 14, Temporary export ban on surgical and sanitary masks and melt blown filters. (ii) May 18, The FSC announced various measures to improve the exchange-traded fund and exchange-traded note markets to contain overheated investment demand and mitigate excessive concentration in particular investment products. (iii) May 19, the FSC announced implementation plans on measures to improve supervision of financial conglomerates: (a) introduce a group-wide risk assessment system which combines the currently distinct risk concentration and risk transfer categories into a single comprehensive framework for assessing capital adequacy requirements; (b) begin integrated group-wide disclosure in September through which the six financial conglomerates will gather required information from their subsidiaries and provide group-wide disclosure of information on 8 sections and 25 categories, including ownership & governance structure, internal risk management procedures, financial soundness, etc.; (c) introduce a group-wide internal control system in the second half of this year by having the six financial conglomerates establish and operate their own internal control council operate their own internal control councils and standards by the end of the third quarter this year. (iv) June 3, The Cabinet approved a KRW35.3 trillion supplementary budget, raising the total stimulus budget to KRW270 trillion, which will provide a fiscal injection of KRW23.9 trillion and cover an anticipated KRW11.4 trillion shortfall in revenues due to the economic slowdown. [update]

Taipei,China 04 04 - Equity support TWD
Taipei,China 11 11 - Other Economic Measures TWD
European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 375,000,000 414,823,009 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility [update].

European Union 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accesed 20 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 20 April 2020).

(i) March to April, ESMA, EU's securities and markets regulator, issued various statements to adjust compliance and reporting schedule, clarify accounting standard applications (e.g. IAS 8, IFRS 9, and IFRS 17), and ensure alignment of reporting requirements and supervisory practices in the EU; (ii) 26 April, Export restriction of critical COVID-related products [update as of 29 April].

Hong Kong, China 04 04 - Equity support HKD
Hong Kong, China 11 11 - Other Economic Measures HKD
Mongolia 04 04 - Equity support MNT
Mongolia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures MNT
People's Republic of China 04 04 - Equity support CNY
People's Republic of China 11 11 - Other Economic Measures CNY
Republic of Korea 04 04 - Equity support KRW 10,700,000,000,000 8,769,870,985 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 May 2020). OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 11 May 2020).

March 24, The government announced the creation of a stock market stabilisation fund (KRW10.7 trillion).

Republic of Korea 11 11 - Other Economic Measures KRW IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 11 April 2020).

Temporary export ban on surgical and sanitary masks and melt blown filters.

Taipei,China 04 04 - Equity support TWD
Taipei,China 11 11 - Other Economic Measures TWD
European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 300,000,000 331,858,407 Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 20 April 2020).

April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI).

European Union 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 20 April 2020).

March to April, ESMA, EU's securities and markets regulator, issued various statements to adjust compliance and reporting schedule, clarify accounting standard applications (e.g. IAS 8, IFRS 9, and IFRS 17), and ensure alignment of reporting requirements and supervisory practices in the EU.

Hong Kong, China 04 04 - Equity support HKD
Hong Kong, China 11 11 - Other Economic Measures HKD
Mongolia 04 04 - Equity support MNT
Mongolia 11 11 - Other Economic Measures MNT
People's Republic of China 04 04 - Equity support CNY
People's Republic of China 11 11 - Other Economic Measures CNY 135,000,000,000 19,236,050,301 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020).

China Development Bank issued the first batch of special bonds to fight the virus, equivalent of CNY135 billion at 1.65% for the purpose of emergency funding for affected firms.

Republic of Korea 04 04 - Equity support KRW 10,700,000,000,000 8,769,870,985 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020). OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 1 May 2020).

March 24, The government announced the creation of a stock market stabilisation fund (KRW10.7 trillion).

Republic of Korea 11 11 - Other Economic Measures KRW WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 1 May 2020).

April 14, Temporary export ban on surgical and sanitary masks and melt blown filters.

Taipei,China 04 04 - Equity support TWD
Taipei,China 11 11 - Other Economic Measures TWD