|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Afghanistan||04||04 - Equity support||AFN|
|Afghanistan||10||10 - No breakdown||AFN||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 26 April 2020).||
No amount/estimate: April 22, The government has already allocated AFN8 billion (0.5% of GDP) for emergency pandemic response. The authorities plan to spend about 2% of GDP for critical pandemic-related spending during the year (See Measure 5 under health).
|Arab Republic of Egypt||04||04 - Equity support||EGP||20,000,000,000||1,272,671,633||OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 7 May 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).||
EGP20 billion stock-purchase program has been launched by the Central Bank.
|Arab Republic of Egypt||10||10 - No breakdown||EGP|
|Argentina||04||04 - Equity support||ARS|
|Argentina||10||10 - No breakdown||ARS||135,620,000,000||2,161,274,900||Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 27 April 2020).||
(i) Created the Provincial Financial Emergency Program, which allocates ARS120 billion to provincial administrations from the National Treasury Contribution Fund and the Fund Trustee for Provincial Development aimed at sustaining provincial finances and meet the needs caused by the COVID-19 pandemic; (ii) June 12, ARS120 million to create Trust Fund for Provincial Development, which provides financial assistance for the provinces; (iii) June 16, ARS13.6 billion, included the provinces of Córdoba, Santa Fe, Misiones and Santa Cruz in the Provincial Financial Emergency Program.
|Armenia||04||04 - Equity support||AMD|
|Armenia||10||10 - No breakdown||AMD||245,000,000,000||501,013,646||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 30 April 2020); Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/193112/pashinyan-unveils-economic-aid-package-amid-state-of-emergency/ (accessed 16 April 2020)||
Government assistance package with a headline amount of at least AMD300 billion (over USD300 million) to mitigate the socio-economic issues related to the pandemic, although this includes a variety of direct spending, state-sponsored loans and increased investment. The key measures include (i) direct labor subsidies to micro enterprises and SMEs that retain their employees and maintain their wage; (ii) strategic support to innovative companies, although the details of this last element are not yet final.
|Australia||04||04 - Equity support||AUD|
|Australia||10||10 - No breakdown||AUD|
|Austria||04||04 - Equity support||EUR|
|Austria||10||10 - No breakdown||EUR|
|Azerbaijan||04||04 - Equity support||AZN|
|Azerbaijan||10||10 - No breakdown||AZN||1,000,000,000||588,235,294||Caspian News. https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/azerbaijan-takes-measures-to-mitigate-covid-19-impact-on-economy-social-life-2020-4-6-1/ (accessed 15 April 2020).||
March, AZN1 billion is part of the announced support amounting to AZN2.5 billion (3% of GDP) to reduce the negative impact of COVID-19 outbreak on the national economy, the entrepreneurship and banking sectors, as well as for strengthening the social protection of the people.
|Bangladesh||04||04 - Equity support||BDT|
|Bangladesh||10||10 - No breakdown||BDT||0||Asian Development Bank. https://www.adb.org/news/adb-president-bangladesh-finance-minister-discuss-support-covid-19-response (accessed 21 April 2020). The Financial Express. https://thefinancialexpress.com.bd/economy/covid-19-govt-so-far-announces-1190b-stimulus-packages-1590759538 (accessed 26 June 2020).|
|Belgium||04||04 - Equity support||EUR||3,000,000||3,318,584||European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 7 September 2020).||
(i) August 21, European Commission approved the EUR3 million equity injection by the Government to SN Airholding and its sole subsidiary, Brussels Airlines in the context of the coronavirus outbreak.
|Belgium||10||10 - No breakdown||EUR|
|Bhutan||04||04 - Equity support||BTN/INR|
|Bhutan||10||10 - No breakdown||BTN/INR|
|Brazil||04||04 - Equity support||BRL|
|Brazil||10||10 - No breakdown||BRL|
|Brunei Darussalam||04||04 - Equity support||BND|
|Brunei Darussalam||10||10 - No breakdown||BND|
|Cambodia||04||04 - Equity support||KHR|
|Cambodia||10||10 - No breakdown||KHR||8,111,545,454,540||2,000,000,000||CNBC interview with the National Bank of Cambodia. https://www.msn.com/en-us/video/t/cambodian-lenders-have-ample-liquidity-to-last-until-end-2020-says-central-bank/vp-BB12xZ7R (accessed 14 April 2020); RGC. http://auschamcambodia.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/fourth-round-of-stimulus-measures.pdf (accessed 11 June 2020).||
(i) April, The government has put together a USD2 billion stimulus package for eventual loss of jobs of the factory workers. This measure is an attempt to revive the economy (See Measures 1, 5, and 6); (ii) May 26, The Ministry of Economy and Finance will prepare additional financing of USD300 million to support and act as a catalyst for promoting growth in key sectors during and after the crisis.
|Canada||04||04 - Equity support||CAD||537,000,000||384,877,262||Department of Finance Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/economic-response-plan.html (accessed 10 June 2020).||
(i) CAD287 million to support rural businesses and communities by providing them with much-needed access to capital through the Community Futures Network. (ii) CAD250 million to assist innovative, early-stage companies that are unable to access other COVID-19 business supports through the Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP).
|Canada||10||10 - No breakdown||CAD|
|Cook Islands||04||04 - Equity support||NZD|
|Cook Islands||10||10 - No breakdown||NZD|
|Denmark||04||04 - Equity support||DKK||17,437,889,398||2,581,659,486||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 July 2020). European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1488 (accessed 22 July 2020)||
(i) April 18, DKK3.5 billion in loans and equity provided to entrepreneurs and venture firms. The state investment fund (Vaekstfonden) will provide risky capital to start-ups and venture firm, facing difficulties in financing as private investors withdraw from the market. Available in 2020 only; (ii) June 15, DKK10 billion from a new government-backed fund to act as an investor of last resort with the possibility of recapitalizing large and important firms at risk of bankruptcy; (iii) Together with Sweden, planned recapitalization of SAS (a Dutch airline) through an equity injection. Last August 17, the European Commission (EC) approved this measure. Denmark is expected to provide approximately EUR583 million of the recapitalization funds.
|Denmark||10||10 - No breakdown||DKK|
|European Central Bank||04||04 - Equity support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||10||10 - No breakdown||EUR||ECB. https://www.ecb.europa.eu/press/accounts/2020/html/ecb.mg200522~f0355619ae.en.html (24 May 2020).||
May 22, The account of the monetary policy meeting of the Governing Council of the ECB on 29-30 April was released. According to it, the ECB was fully prepared to adjust all of its measures, as appropriate, to ensure that inflation moved towards its aim in a sustained manner, in particular signalling that it was fully prepared to increase the size of the PEPP and adjust its composition as much as necessary and for as long as needed .
|European Union||04||04 - Equity support||EUR||549,000,000||607,300,885||EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020).||
(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs; (iv) June, EUR5.3 billion for the Solvency Support Instrument that will work via an EU guarantee provided to the European Investment Bank (EIB) Group under the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). Solvency support will form a separate window under the EFSI to mobilise private capital. The EIB Group will use this guarantee to provide financing directly or invest, fund or guarantee equity funds, special purpose vehicles, investment platforms or national promotional banks. These intermediary funds or vehicles must be established and operate in the EU. The Solvency Support Instrument should predominantly channel solvency support through financial market intermediaries and only to a lesser degree facilitate direct support to companies by the EIB Group .
|European Union||10||10 - No breakdown||EUR||EC. https://ec.europa.eu/info/live-work-travel-eu/health/coronavirus-response/recovery-plan-europe_en; EC. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/45109/210720-euco-final-conclusions-en.pdf; EC. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/policies/eu-recovery-plan/; EC. https://ec.europa.eu/info/live-work-travel-eu/health/coronavirus-response/recovery-plan-europe_en (accessed 27 July 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1658 (accessed 19 September 2020).||
July 21, Approval of the Next Generation EU recovery fund which will provide the Union with the necessary means to address the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. Under the agreement the European Commission will be able to borrow up to EUR750 billion on the markets. Capital raised on the financial markets will be repaid by 2058. The funds will go to areas where they can make the greatest difference, complementing and amplifying the essential work under way in the Member States. The investments will be channeled via a variety of instruments under three pillars, such as: (a) Supporting member states to recover, repair and emerge stronger from the crisis; (b) Kick-starting the economy and helping private investment; and (c) Learning the lessons of the crisis and addressing Europe’s strategic challenges. The plan ensures the money goes to the countries and sectors most affected by the crisis: 70% under the grants of the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) will be committed in 2021 and 2022 and 30% will be committed in 2023. Allocations from the RRF in 2021-2022 will be established according to the Commission’s allocation criteria taking into account member states' respective living standards, size and unemployment levels. Details of the specific instruments under this fund can be found in these links: https://bit.ly/3faBQgG, https://bit.ly/3gbqRVB, and https://bit.ly/39FzbL8. The distribution of funds between the different elements is found in this link: https://bit.ly/2ZQxtTm. September 17, The European Commission has set out strategic guidance for the implementation of the Recovery and Resilience Facility in its 2021 Annual Sustainable Growth Strategy (ASGS). The Facility is the key recovery instrument at the heart of NextGenerationEU which will help the EU emerge stronger and more resilient from the current crisis. The Facility will provide an unprecedented €672.5 billion of loans and grants in frontloaded financial support for the crucial first years of the recovery. Details on this can be found in these links: https://bit.ly/3hOlls6 and https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/qanda_20_1659 [update].
|Federated States of Micronesia||04||04 - Equity support||USD|
|Federated States of Micronesia||10||10 - No breakdown||USD|
|Fiji||04||04 - Equity support||FJD|
|Fiji||10||10 - No breakdown||FJD|
|Finland||04||04 - Equity support||EUR||710,500,000||785,951,327||MEE. https://tem.fi/artikkeli/-/asset_publisher/ensimmaiset-valtionavustukset-kunnille-yksinyrittajien-tukemiseksi (accessed 3 May 2020); https://vm.fi/en/article/-/asset_publisher/10616/hallitus-paatti-vuoden-2020-neljannesta-lisatalousarvioesityksesta (accessed 9 June 2020); European Sting. https://europeansting.com/2020/06/10/state-aid-commission-approves-e286-million-finnish-measure-to-recapitalise-finnair/ (accessed 15 June 2020); Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment of Finland. https://tem.fi/artikkeli/-/asset_publisher/nordfuel-oy-n-haapaveden-biojalostamohankkeelle-24-5-miljoonaa-euroa-uusiutuvan-energian-suurten-demohankkeiden-investointitukea (accessed 19 June 2020).||
(i) June 6, Further capital funding of EUR250 million is proposed for Tesi (Finnish Industry Investment Ltd), to increase equity financing for companies ; (ii) June 6, Capital funding of EUR 150 million is proposed for strengthening the balance sheet of Finnish Minerals Group ; (iii) June 10, The EU Commission approved Finland's plans to contribute to the recapitalisation of Finnair, amounting to EUR286 million through the subscription of new shares by the State in the rights issue launched by Finnair on 10 June 2020 in the context of the coronavirus outbreak ; (iv) June 15, EUR24.5 million of investment support for NordFuel Oy's Haapevesi biorefinery project for large renewable energy demo projects .
|Finland||10||10 - No breakdown||EUR|