Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 08 08 - International Assistance Received EUR 131,062,824,000 144,981,000,000
European Central Bank 08A 08A - Swaps EUR 131,062,824,000 144,981,000,000 New York FED.https://apps.newyorkfed.org/markets/autorates/fxswap (accessed 14 June 2020).

Peak amount outstanding with the US Fed: USD144.981 billion as of June 10.

European Central Bank 08B 08B - International loans/grants EUR
European Central Bank 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank EUR
European Central Bank 08B2 08B2 - Other EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs.

European Union 08 08 - International Assistance Received EUR
European Union 08A 08A - Swaps EUR
European Union 08B 08B - International loans/grants EUR
European Union 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank EUR
European Union 08B2 08B2 - Other EUR
European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions .

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 08 08 - International Assistance Received EUR 131,062,824,000 144,981,000,000
European Central Bank 08A 08A - Swaps EUR 131,062,824,000 144,981,000,000 New York FED.https://apps.newyorkfed.org/markets/autorates/fxswap (accessed 14 June 2020).

Peak amount outstanding with the US Fed: USD144.981 billion as of June 10.

European Central Bank 08B 08B - International loans/grants EUR
European Central Bank 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank EUR
European Central Bank 08B2 08B2 - Other EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs [update].

European Union 08 08 - International Assistance Received EUR
European Union 08A 08A - Swaps EUR
European Union 08B 08B - International loans/grants EUR
European Union 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank EUR
European Union 08B2 08B2 - Other EUR
European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented. The European Commission presented guidelines for exit strategies and called for a common framework across member states. The criteria include: (i) sustained reduction and stabilization of new cases, (ii) sufficient health system capacity such as adequate hospital beds, pharmaceutical products, and equipment, and (iii) appropriate monitoring capacity to quickly detect and isolate infected individuals as well as to trace contacts. The Commission invited Schengen Member States and Schengen Associated States to extend the temporary restriction on non-essential travel to the EU until 15 June and presented further guidance on a gradual lifting of border restrictions .

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 08 08 - International Assistance Received EUR 129,913,840,000 143,710,000,000
European Central Bank 08A 08A - Swaps EUR 129,913,840,000 143,710,000,000 New York FED.https://apps.newyorkfed.org/markets/autorates/fxswap (accessed 18 May 2020)

Peak amount outstanding with the US Fed: USD143.710 billion as of May 8.

European Central Bank 08B 08B - International loans/grants EUR
European Central Bank 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank EUR
European Central Bank 08B2 08B2 - Other EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 375,000,000 414,823,009 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility [update].

European Union 08 08 - International Assistance Received EUR
European Union 08A 08A - Swaps EUR
European Union 08B 08B - International loans/grants EUR
European Union 08B1 08B1 - Asian Development Bank EUR
European Union 08B2 08B2 - Other EUR
European Union 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 29 April 2020).

Most European countries have taken several containment measures ranging from lockdowns and travel restrictions to school closures and bans on large gatherings. Measures that favor teleworking were also widely implemented.