|Economy||Measure Code||Measure||Currency Code||Amount (Local)||Amount (USD)||Source||Post Date||Details|
|Australia||04||04 - Equity support||AUD|
|Australia||07||07 - Central bank financing government||AUD||50,000,000,000||31,089,999,979|
|Australia||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||AUD|
|Australia||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||AUD||50,000,000,000||31,089,999,979||RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 14 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-17.html (accessed 8 July 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-20.html (accessed 01 September 2020).||
April, The RBA has announced yield targeting on 3-year government bonds at 0.25% through purchases of government bonds in the secondary market. On May 5, RBA has purchased AUD50 billion of Australia Government securities (AGS) and semis in the secondary market. May 5, June 2, July 7, and September 1 [update] the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting.
|Austria||04||04 - Equity support||EUR|
|Austria||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EUR|
|Austria||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||EUR|
|Austria||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|Bangladesh||04||04 - Equity support||BDT|
|Bangladesh||07||07 - Central bank financing government||BDT||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 April 2020).||
No amount/estimate: The Bangladesh Bank has announced that it will buy treasury bonds and bills from banks.
|Bangladesh||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||BDT|
|Bangladesh||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||BDT|
|Belgium||04||04 - Equity support||EUR|
|Belgium||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EUR|
|Belgium||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||EUR|
|Belgium||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|Bhutan||04||04 - Equity support||BTN/INR|
|Bhutan||07||07 - Central bank financing government||BTN/INR|
|Bhutan||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||BTN/INR|
|Bhutan||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||BTN/INR|
|Canada||04||04 - Equity support||CAD||537,000,000||384,877,262||Department of Finance Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/economic-response-plan.html (accessed 10 June 2020).||
(i) CAD287 million to support rural businesses and communities by providing them with much-needed access to capital through the Community Futures Network. (ii) CAD250 million to assist innovative, early-stage companies that are unable to access other COVID-19 business supports through the Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP).
|Canada||07||07 - Central bank financing government||CAD||256,560,000,000||183,881,024,906|
|Canada||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||CAD|
|Canada||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||CAD||256,560,000,000||183,881,024,906||Bank of Canada. https://www.bankofcanada.ca/rates/banking-and-financial-statistics/bank-of-canada-assets-and-liabilities-weekly-formerly-b2/ (accessed 10 June 2020).||
Government of Canada Bond Purchase Program (GBPP): Purchases will begin with a minimum of CAD5 billion per week across the yield curve. The program will be adjusted as conditions warrant but will continue until the economic recovery is well underway. As of September 2 ,T-bill holdings have increased by CAD81.933 billion, with the maximum increase since the end of February occurring on July 29 at CAD115.008 billion; goverrnment bond holdings have increased by CAD139.507 billion,with peak increase since the end of February on August 26 at CAD140.193 billion [update]; June 3, Bank of Canada began purchasing Government of Canada Real Return Bonds; as of August 19, the purchased amount is CAD1.359 billion, which is also the point of maximum increase since the purchases began. [update]
|Denmark||04||04 - Equity support||DKK||17,437,889,398||2,581,659,486||IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 July 2020). European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1488 (accessed 22 July 2020)||
(i) April 18, DKK3.5 billion in loans and equity provided to entrepreneurs and venture firms. The state investment fund (Vaekstfonden) will provide risky capital to start-ups and venture firm, facing difficulties in financing as private investors withdraw from the market. Available in 2020 only; (ii) June 15, DKK10 billion from a new government-backed fund to act as an investor of last resort with the possibility of recapitalizing large and important firms at risk of bankruptcy; (iii) Together with Sweden, planned recapitalization of SAS (a Dutch airline) through an equity injection. Last August 17, the European Commission (EC) approved this measure. Denmark is expected to provide approximately EUR583 million of the recapitalization funds.
|Denmark||07||07 - Central bank financing government||DKK|
|Denmark||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||DKK|
|Denmark||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||DKK|
|European Central Bank||04||04 - Equity support||EUR|
|European Central Bank||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EUR|
|European Central Bank||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||EUR|
|European Central Bank||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR||OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 18 April 2020).||
Purchases of government bonds are included in Measure 2 (Encourage Private Credit Creation). The amount could not be disaggregated from the EUR 750 billion PEPP program.
|European Union||04||04 - Equity support||EUR||549,000,000||607,300,885||EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020).||
(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs; (iv) June, EUR5.3 billion for the Solvency Support Instrument that will work via an EU guarantee provided to the European Investment Bank (EIB) Group under the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). Solvency support will form a separate window under the EFSI to mobilise private capital. The EIB Group will use this guarantee to provide financing directly or invest, fund or guarantee equity funds, special purpose vehicles, investment platforms or national promotional banks. These intermediary funds or vehicles must be established and operate in the EU. The Solvency Support Instrument should predominantly channel solvency support through financial market intermediaries and only to a lesser degree facilitate direct support to companies by the EIB Group [update].
|European Union||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EUR|
|European Union||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||EUR|
|European Union||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|Finland||04||04 - Equity support||EUR||710,500,000||785,951,327||MEE. https://tem.fi/artikkeli/-/asset_publisher/ensimmaiset-valtionavustukset-kunnille-yksinyrittajien-tukemiseksi (accessed 3 May 2020); https://vm.fi/en/article/-/asset_publisher/10616/hallitus-paatti-vuoden-2020-neljannesta-lisatalousarvioesityksesta (accessed 9 June 2020); European Sting. https://europeansting.com/2020/06/10/state-aid-commission-approves-e286-million-finnish-measure-to-recapitalise-finnair/ (accessed 15 June 2020); Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment of Finland. https://tem.fi/artikkeli/-/asset_publisher/nordfuel-oy-n-haapaveden-biojalostamohankkeelle-24-5-miljoonaa-euroa-uusiutuvan-energian-suurten-demohankkeiden-investointitukea (accessed 19 June 2020).||
(i) June 6, Further capital funding of EUR250 million is proposed for Tesi (Finnish Industry Investment Ltd), to increase equity financing for companies ; (ii) June 6, Capital funding of EUR 150 million is proposed for strengthening the balance sheet of Finnish Minerals Group ; (iii) June 10, The EU Commission approved Finland's plans to contribute to the recapitalisation of Finnair, amounting to EUR286 million through the subscription of new shares by the State in the rights issue launched by Finnair on 10 June 2020 in the context of the coronavirus outbreak ; (iv) June 15, EUR24.5 million of investment support for NordFuel Oy's Haapevesi biorefinery project for large renewable energy demo projects .
|Finland||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EUR|
|Finland||07A||07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown||EUR|
|Finland||07B||07B - Secondary purchase: government securities||EUR|
|France||04||04 - Equity support||EUR||22,270,000,000||24,634,955,752||OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (update as of 14 May 2020); Economie. https://www.economie.gouv.fr/3-projet-loi-finances-rectificative-plfr-iii-2020# (accessed 4 July 2020).||
(i) EUR20 billion for the temporary increase in state-ownership for some firms facing exceptional difficulties; (ii) June 5, EUR150 million worth of investment funds for companies developing sovereign technologies of the future whose risk associated with investment is high (quantum, health, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, etc.) and of start-ups at any stage of development; (iii) EUR200 million equity support to SMEs in the aeronautics sector ; (iv) EUR1.3 billion equity investments in the tourism industry ; (v) EUR270 million to EUR620 million equity support under the Programme de soutien à l’innovation majeure PSIM (EUR120 million) & French Tech Souveraineté (EUR150 million, extendable up to a maximum of EUR500 million) .
|France||07||07 - Central bank financing government||EUR|