Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Australia 04 04 - Equity support AUD
Australia 07 07 - Central bank financing government AUD 50,000,000,000 31,089,999,979
Australia 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown AUD
Australia 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities AUD 50,000,000,000 31,089,999,979 RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/media-releases/2020/mr-20-13.html (accessed on 14 May 2020); RBA. https://www.rba.gov.au/covid-19/ (accessed 3 June 2020).

(i) April, The RBA has announced yield targeting on 3-year government bonds at 0.25% through purchases of government bonds in the secondary market. On May 5, RBA has purchased AUD50 billion of Australia Government securities (AGS) and semis in the secondary market; (ii) May 5 and June 2, the RBA announced that it will maintain the current policy setting.

Austria 04 04 - Equity support EUR
Austria 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
Austria 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
Austria 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Belgium 04 04 - Equity support EUR
Belgium 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
Belgium 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
Belgium 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Canada 04 04 - Equity support CAD 537,000,000 384,877,262 Department of Finance Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/economic-response-plan.html (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) CAD287 million to support rural businesses and communities by providing them with much-needed access to capital through the Community Futures Network. (ii) CAD250 million to assist innovative, early-stage companies that are unable to access other COVID-19 business supports through the Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP).

Canada 07 07 - Central bank financing government CAD 160,825,000,000 115,266,081,347
Canada 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown CAD
Canada 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities CAD 160,825,000,000 115,266,081,347 Bank of Canada. https://www.bankofcanada.ca/rates/banking-and-financial-statistics/bank-of-canada-assets-and-liabilities-weekly-formerly-b2/ (accessed 10 June 2020).

Government of Canada Bond Purchase Program (GBPP): Purchases will begin with a minimum of CAD5 billion per week across the yield curve. The program will be adjusted as conditions warrant but will continue until the economic recovery is well underway. As of June 10 ,T-bill holdings have increased by CAD90.8025 billion, while goverrnment bond holdings have increased by CAD68.752 billion; June 3, Bank of Canada began purchasing Government of Canada Real Return Bonds; as of June 10, the purchased amount is CAD1.268 billion.

Denmark 04 04 - Equity support DKK 3,500,000,000 518,170,978 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 30 April 2020).

April 18, DKK3.5 billion in loans and equity provided to entrepreneurs and venture firms. The state investment fund (Vaekstfonden) will provide risky capital to start-ups and venture firm, facing difficulties in financing as private investors withdraw from the market. Available in 2020 only.

Denmark 07 07 - Central bank financing government DKK
Denmark 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown DKK
Denmark 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities DKK
Finland 04 04 - Equity support EUR 686,000,000 758,849,558 MEE. https://tem.fi/artikkeli/-/asset_publisher/ensimmaiset-valtionavustukset-kunnille-yksinyrittajien-tukemiseksi (accessed 3 May 2020); https://vm.fi/en/article/-/asset_publisher/10616/hallitus-paatti-vuoden-2020-neljannesta-lisatalousarvioesityksesta (accessed 9 June 2020); European Sting. https://europeansting.com/2020/06/10/state-aid-commission-approves-e286-million-finnish-measure-to-recapitalise-finnair/ (accessed 15 June 2020).

(i) June 6, Further capital funding of EUR250 million is proposed for Tesi (Finnish Industry Investment Ltd), to increase equity financing for companies [update]; (ii) June 6, Capital funding of EUR 150 million is proposed for strengthening the balance sheet of Finnish Minerals Group [update]; (iii) June 10, The EU Commission approved Finland's plans to contribute to the recapitalisation of Finnair, amounting to EUR286 million through the subscription of new shares by the State in the rights issue launched by Finnair on 10 June 2020 in the context of the coronavirus outbreak [update].

Finland 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
Finland 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
Finland 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
France 04 04 - Equity support EUR 20,000,000,000 22,123,893,805 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (update as of 14 May 2020).

EUR20 billion for the temporary increase in state-ownership for some firms facing exceptional difficulties.

France 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
France 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
France 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Germany 04 04 - Equity support EUR 112,000,000,000 123,893,805,310 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Web/EN/Meta/QuickAccess/quickaccess.html%20And%20other (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. https://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/EN/Pressemitteilungen/2020/20200401-customised-support-for-new-businesses-affected-by-the-coronavirus-crisis.html%0b%0b (accessed 17 April 2020); Bruegel. https://www.bruegel.org/publications/datasets/covid-national-dataset/#germany (accessed 16 April 2020); Deutsche Welle. https://www.dw.com/en/coronavirus-what-countries-are-doing-to-minimize-economic-damage/a-52816921 (accessed 17 April 2020); Finance Yahoo. https://yhoo.it/3gjTIHQ (accessed 25 May 2020); Federal Ministry of Finance. https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Pressemitteilungen/Finanzpolitik/2020/05/2020-05-25-Lufthansa.html (accessed 31 May 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR100 billion under the WSF to directly acquire equity of larger affected companies and strengthen their capital position. May 25, Lufthansa gets a EUR9 billion support, of which EUR6 billion will be equity; (ii) April 1, EUR2 billion to expand venture capital financing to start-ups, new technology companies, and small businesses during the coronavirus crisis; and (iii) EUR10 billion fund by the state of Bavaria to buy stakes in struggling companies.

Germany 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
Germany 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
Germany 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Ireland 04 04 - Equity support EUR 2,000,000,000 2,212,389,381 DBEI. https://dbei.gov.ie/en/News-And-Events/Department-News/2020/May/02052020.html (accessed 9 May 2020).

EUR2 billion Pandemic Stabilisation and Recovery Fund within the Ireland Strategic Investment Fund (ISIF), which will make capital available to medium and large enterprises on commercial terms.

Ireland 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
Ireland 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
Ireland 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Italy 04 04 - Equity support EUR
Italy 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
Italy 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
Italy 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
Japan 04 04 - Equity support JPY 12,180,000,000,000 113,521,070,501 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 6 May 2020).

An increase in the annual pace of the Bank of Japan’s purchases of Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) and Japan-Real Estate Investment Trusts (J-REITs) up to about JPY12 trillion (2.2% of GDP) and JPY180 billion (0.03% of GDP), respectively.

Japan 07 07 - Central bank financing government JPY